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Publications related to Instrumentation Engineering (10,000)
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In this study, the authors implemented an intelligent long-term care system based on deep learning techniques, using an AI model that can be integrated with the Lab’s Virtual Instrumentation Engineering Workbench (LabVIEW) application for sentiment analysis. The input data collected is a database of numerous facial features and environmental variab...
Article
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Mueller matrix polarimetry along with polar decomposition algorithm was employed for the characterization of ex vivo normal and adenocarcinoma human colon tissues by polarized light in the visible spectral range (425-725 nm). Six derived polarization metrics [total diattenuation (D T), retardance (R T), depolarization (Δ T), linear diattenuation (D...
Article
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The classical approaches for generating and studying a sodium guide star, direct imaging and light detection and ranging (LIDAR) technology are limited by the spatial resolution and equipment requirements. Therefore, the well-established technique to modulate continuous wave laser based on a pseudorandom binary sequence (PRBS) used in the field of...
Article
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We propose a robust steganography scheme for large-capacity lossless images based on visual cryptography and ptychography. The introduction of the quick response code as a container for information hiding can realize the lossless extraction of information and performs well in robustness when subjected to compression, noise, and tailoring attacks. T...
Article
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Growing awareness of electric vehicles insists on the necessity of Permanent Magnet Brushless Direct Current Motor (PMBLDCM) worldwide. This paper involves building a simulation model of the complete PMBLDCM drive system using Matlab/Simulink to control the speed and Torque. Using the Simulink model, speed parameters with various controllers of the...
Article
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As a rapidly developing and maturing technology, 3D printing has substantially simplified the manufacturing of complex components. To improve the safety and practicability of machinery, fault diagnostic systems have become essential. This study employed a neural network algorithm to implement fault diagnosis. This study proposed a 3D printer fault...
Article
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Introduction. The article describes the test bench specialized software, developed for technical inspection of domestic and foreign volumetric hydraulic drives in repair enterprises and service centers. The results of bench tests using a hydraulic bench and software are presented. Materials and Methods For the application software development, G gr...
Article
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This paper presents a Laboratory Virtual Instrument Engineering Workbench (LabVIEW) and Internet of Things (IoT)-based eHealth monitoring system called LI-Care to facilitate the diagnosis of the health condition cost-effectively. The system measures the heart rate, body temperature, blood pressure, oxygen level, and breathing rate, and provides an...
Article
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In the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), problem-solving skills are part of science and engineering practices for K–12 students in the United States. Evaluating these skills for the youngest learners is difficult due to the lack of established measures. This paper reports on our process of developing an observation instrument to measure pre...
Article
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Image sensing has entered a new era with advancements in quantum mechanics. The infrared (IR) absorbers are the heart of this new era of image sensing. Within the IR spectra, the shortwave to mid-wave (MWIR) radiations are absorbed by IR photodetectors, whereas the MWIR to very-long wave spectrum is absorbed by IR thermal detectors. Both of these c...
Article
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Concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) systems require less area of the solar cell while achieving a high efficiency. One of the development factors in the CPV includes the irradiance uniformity over the solar cell. To overcome this issue, a parabolic trough-based optical design is proposed using two nonimaging secondary reflectors: reflective grooves an...
Article
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Plasmonic nanoparticles are promising ways for the efficiency enhancement of thinfilm solar cells. We have taken into account the bare silicon wafer and the embedded thin-film silicon solar cells with Au nanodiscs array. We study these geometries of thin-film silicon solar cells and find the effect of Au nanoparticles on light transmission and refl...
Article
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Based on temporal-multiplexing, super multi-view (SMV) technology gets imple-mented on a near-eye three-dimensional (3D) display, successfully overcoming the vergenceaccommodation conflict (VAC). The proposedsystem has two eyepieces for two eyes, respec-tively, each of which is constructed by an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) micro-display, ap...
Article
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The basic aim of this article is focused on the design and implementation of a signal processing system that can handle both analog as well as digital signals to be processed with the help of a quantum i.e. high end processor. It is a well-established fact that the signal conditioning requires certain stages of filtering the signal so as to get rid...
Article
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Drought is one of the most serious natural disasters affecting global food security and human life. Traditional drought monitoring is based on the impact of water deficit on crop morphology. Due to the time lag of traditional drought monitoring based on vegetation index and land surface temperature, crop yield has been adversely affected when droug...
Article
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In this study, the authors aimed to realize a smart home using an AI model that can be integrated with the Laboratory Virtual Instrument Engineering Workbench (LabVIEW) application to realize environment control. The collected input data were outdoor temperature, indoor temperature, humidity, illumination, and indoor person count. The output contro...
Article
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Terahertz radiation for inspection and fault detection has been of interest for the semiconductor industry since the first generation and detection of THz signals. Until recent hardware advances, THz systems lacked the signal quality and reliability for use as an effective nondestructive testing (NDT) method. Incremental advances in THz sources, de...
Article
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Dental practitioners often encounter situations that require customising the prosthesis to satisfy the needs of patients. Artificial devices called dental appliances or prosthesis is custom fabricated for the functional, aesthetic, and psychological wellbeing of patients (Chu et al. 2013). The patient’s complaints may vary from missing natural teet...
Article
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This paper presents a battery simulator based on the actual electrical behaviour of the battery cells using power supply controlled by Laboratory Virtual Instrument Engineering Workbench (LabVIEW). Firstly, the behaviours of the battery are tested under experimental conditions including constant temperatures at 25C ̊ and two different current loads...
Article
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Globally, the unprecedented increase in population in many cities has led to rapid changes in urban landscape, which requires timely assessments and monitoring. Accurate determination of built-up information is vital for urban planning and environmental management. Often, the determination of the built-up area information has been dependent on fiel...
Chapter
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In this paper, the structural responses at discrete time steps are evaluated to understand the linear dynamics characteristics of a structural system using LabVIEW (Laboratory Virtual Instrument Engineering Workbench) tool. Time History Analysis (THA) which is an essential procedure to design a reliable structure when the structure is subjected to...
Article
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The Orbita hyperspectral satellite (OHS) is the first commercial hyperspectral satellite in China that completed launching and networking. It can collect world-class hyperspectral data and obtain aerial hyperspectral imagery with 32 bands covering the spectrum range from 400 to 1000 nm at a 10-m resolution, which are of great significance for the q...
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The mid-infrared spectrometer and camera transit spectrometer (MISC-T) is one of the three baseline instruments for Origins Space Telescope (Origins) and provides the capability to assess the habitability of nearby exoplanets and search for signs of life. MISC-T employs a densified pupil optical design, and HgCdTe and Si:As detector arrays. This op...
Chapter
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LabVIEW is an abbreviation for Laboratory Virtual Instrument Engineering Workbench and allows scientists and engineers to develop and implement an interactive program. LabVIEW has been specially developed to take measurements, analyze data, and present the results to the user. You determine what the device looks like, rather than the manufacturer o...
Book
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The textbook contains materials of the training course "Automation of physical experiment and diagnostics of neutron tubes" which is taught at the Department No. 24 "Applied Nuclear Physics" of the MEPhI National Research University. Students will get acquainted with the principles of creating and designing automated units of devices and installati...
Article
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Penyusunan rancang bangun alat ukur kondisi ruang pada inkubator bayi yang terkoneksi ke personal computer (PC) ini ditujukan untuk mempermudah petugas perawatan atau teknisi di instansi kesehatan dalam melakukan perawatan alat inkubator bayi, petugas tidak perlu melakukan pengukuran yang hasilnya di input dan di analisa secara manual. Namun, semua...
Article
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Stupak M.F.1,3, Mikhailov N.N.2,3, Dvoretsky S.A.2,4, Makarov S.N.1, Yelesin A.G.1, Verhoglyad A.G.1 1 Technological Design Institute of Scientific Instrument Engineering of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (TDI SIE SB RAS), Novosibirsk, 630058, Russian, 41 2 The Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch of the Russi...
Article
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Lensless microscopes are simple, portable, and cost effective compared with the sophisticated microscopes of today that require high-end objectives, lenses, and filters. We demonstrate a lensless on-chip phase microscope based on the holographic principle to image 3D nanometric depth information from transparent and weakly scattering biological sam...
Article
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Woody vegetation encroachment into grasslands or bush thickening is transforming the southern African grassland systems into savanna-like landscapes. Estimation of woody plant density and canopy biomass is important to rangeland scientists for assessing the impact on grass production and for calculating grazing and browsing capacity. We investigate...
Article
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Periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in plasmonic thin films can provide for large broadband transmission in the near-infrared spectrum. The optical transmission properties of these thin films with respect to the film thickness, size, and shape of the holes and the period of the arrays was systematically investigated using finite difference time...
Article
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Typical fully distributed optical fiber sensors (DOFS) with dozens of kilometers are equivalent to tens of thousands of point sensors along the whole monitoring line, which means tens of thousands of data will be generated for one pulse launching period. Therefore, in an all-day nonstop monitoring, large volumes of data are created thereby triggeri...
Article
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Cotton root rot (CRR) is a persistent soil-borne fungal disease that is devastating to cotton crops in certain fields, predominantly in Texas. Research has shown that CRR can be prevented or mitigated by applying fungicide during planting, but fungicide application is expensive. The potentially infected area within a field has been shown to be cons...
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Detection of high-energy laser strikes is key to the survivability of military assets in future warfare. The introduction of laser weapon systems demands the capability to quickly detect these strikes without disrupting the stealth capability of military craft with active sensing technologies. We explored the use of thermoelectric generators (TEGs)...
Article
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It is used specially for the compression of images where tolerable degradation is required with the wide use of computers and consequently need for large scale storage and transmission of data, efficient way of storing of data have becomes quite necessary. Compressing an image is significantly different than compressing raw binary data. General pur...
Article
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A metric calibration method for light-field three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction based on plenoptic disk features is presented. Each of these features that relates to a single 3-D point in free physical space could be directly extracted from the raw light field. By establishing the point-to-feature correspondence, the optical parameters of unfocu...
Presentation
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Photovoltaics is the process of converting sunlight directly into electricity. Though expensive to implement, solar energy offers a clean and renewable energy source. When contemplating to use the produced energy from the solar photovoltaic system, it is important to know how much energy can be produced according to the location, temperature and co...
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The purpose of this article is to determine the fugitive emissions in normal operations of Methane from the natural gas distribution networks in Fars Province. The methods which are used for calculating or measuring the emission coefficient are: Measuring the flow of fugitive emission gas form instruments using the Hi-Flow Sampler device, Using PHA...
Article
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Fiber Bragg grating has embraced the area of fiber optics since the early days of its discovery, and most fiber optic sensor systems today make use of fiber Bragg grating technology. Researchers have gained enormous attention in the field of fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based sensing due to its inherent advantages, such as small size, fast response, d...
Article
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The goal of this research is to develop a general deep learning solution for atmospheric correction and target detection using multiple hyperspectral scenes. It is assumed that the scenes differ only in range and viewing angles, that they are acquired in rapid sequence using an airborne sensor orbiting a target, and that the target and the atmosphe...
Article
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During the production of a lens system, the assembling and manufacturing tolerances must be accurately controlled to ensure production efficiency. Thus, it is important to analyze and optimize the tolerance sensitivity of the lens system during the optical design phase to reduce optical performance degradation. We proposed an approach for appropria...
Chapter
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As demand of electricity is increasing, use renewable energy sources to generate more amount of energy in the industries and home appliances is also increasing. The solar and wind hybrid generation system are economical, freely available in the environment .The two main reason to design solar and wind hybrid generation system using the renewable en...
Chapter
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In the modern power sector, the use of non-conventional power resources along with conventional power has become very essential. Given the unregulated availability of power generation and transmission, various types of renewable energy resources are being used during solar power renewable energy resources in an important system. in this paper, an e...
Article
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Our paper is devoted to a new type of the precision RF oscillator-the so-called optoelectronic oscillator (OEO). The OEO can be used as the RF oscillator and as the correlator of random variables (signals). The laser modulation modes in OEO are studied, taking into account the problem of the carrier frequency suppression. It is shown that the spect...
Article
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Our paper is devoted to a new type of the precision RF oscillator—the so-called optoelectronic oscillator (OEO). The OEO can be used as the RF oscillator and as the correlator of random variables (signals). The laser modulation modes in OEO are studied, taking into account the problem of the carrier frequency suppression. It is shown that the spect...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to present overview of famous musical instrument the piano, and how the sound created by it is depicted in a mathematical relationship. Using that relationship, a simulation was designed to identify the piano key being pressed in the surroundings with the help of Laboratory Virtual Instrumentation Engineering Workbench (Lab...
Article
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Land subsidence resulting from groundwater extraction is a widely recurring phenomenon worldwide. To assess land subsidence, traditional methods such as numerical and finite element methods have limitations due to the complex interactions between the different constructor factors of aquifer in each area. We produced a groundwater-induced subsidence...
Preprint
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Extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) is recognized as a leading technology in next-generation lithography. Achieving spectral purification while ensuring extreme ultraviolet (EUV) reflectance is one of the key technologies for industrializing EUVL. An EUV collector mirror with phase grating can be used in the spectral purification of an EUVL sour...
Article
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This Paper presents a novel hardware design methodology of BLDC motor speed control system. Simulation studies are conducted with the effect of a sudden change in reference speed and load are also included. Finally, the proposed PI (Proportional-Integral) based BLDC motor drive system with a rating of 3 phase, 30V, 400W, 3000 RPM is implemented usi...
Article
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Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are solar cells that are efficient, low cost, and simple to fabricate. Over the last 9 years, researchers have conducted in-depth research on PSCs to increase their photoelectric conversion efficiency from 3.8% to 24.2%. PSCs have the potential to replace traditional energy sources in the future. However, the stability...
Article
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Due to the rising number of heart patients and the apparent need for more robust electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring of these patients, hospitals are increasingly investing in typical cloud technology or centralized hospital server based remote ECG monitoring systems. However, the deployment these systems in rural communities is limited due to the h...
Article
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Ethernet is nowadays being focused by various automation system developers due to its cheap hardware availability, straightforward integration to the Internet and support for the higher bandwidth requirements in the future. It is already being used at higher levels of plant automation. LabVIEW (Laboratory Virtual Instrument Engineering Workbench) i...
Article
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Centrifugal pumps are the fundamental components of most industries. They are used in almost every industry to transfer liquid through pipes. The breakdown of a pump causes heavy production losses, and hence, the development of an economical and user-friendly condition monitoring system is vital in order to estimate the health of a pump in a timely...
Article
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Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems have been widely used in industry applications. This paper describes design and implementation low-cost universal serial bus (USB) Data Acquisition (DAQ) which connected with computer through USB port and tested in SCADA system, the designed Data Acquisition build using new generation of micr...
Article
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Polymer solar cells (PSCs) have seen great progress in recent years, with power conversion efficiencies of over 15%. However, PSCs suffer from larger energy losses than inorganic and perovskite solar cells, leading to lower open-circuit voltage (VOC). The main factors that hinder the VOC improvements include (i) relatively large nonradiative recomb...
Conference Paper
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The article examines the impact of reflection in vocational training on conversion of personality as a vehicle for his own formation as a person. Central idea of reflective teaching is that intellectual and creative free spirit of the teacher is truly possible only under conditions of adequate professional autonomy and freedom in making important d...
Article
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The first author's name originally appeared as "Salim Benjoudi." It has been corrected to read "Salim Bendjoudi." All online versions of the article were corrected on 27 September 2019. The article appears correctly in print. © 2019 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).