Science topic

Inorganic Chemicals - Science topic

A broad class of substances encompassing all those that do not include carbon and its derivatives as their principal elements. However, carbides, carbonates, cyanides, cyanates, and carbon disulfide are included in this class.
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Publications related to Inorganic Chemicals (2,704)
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Water pollution is one of the causes of increased water shortage. Monitoring of pollutants in wastewater discharges is vital to identifying water pollution cases for further remediation management. Water pollutants sources and types are summarized and explained. Conventional detection methods of pollutants where water parameters are identified by c...
Article
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Many fundamental biophysical processes are influenced by the amount of water in the soil. It impacts seed germination, plant growth and nutrition, soil organic matter microbial breakdown, nutrient transformations in the root zone, and heat and water transmission at the land-atmosphere interface (Bittelli, 2011). Soil water works as a lubricant and...
Preprint
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Both classical determinism and quantum indeterminism don't allow mental causation. This brief paper summarizes a conceptual framework to help envision how the physical brain is guided by fundamental nonphysical processes of mind. It draws from the ancient Vedic account that is a subtler, coherent model of the mind-body relationship, consciousness,...
Article
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There is currently an urgent need to further address environmental issues of pharmaceutical production as their production volume has steadily been increasing in the last decade and is expected to reach greater annual production volume in the future. Freshwater ecotoxicity due to production of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) due to wastewa...
Article
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The release of chemicals and microorganisms from various sources, such as industry, agriculture, animal farming, wastewater treatment plants, and flooding, into water systems have caused water pollution in several parts of our world, endangering aquatic ecosystems and individual health. World Health Organization (WHO) has introduced strict standard...
Conference Paper
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Bio-char, a carbonaceous organic byproduct of pyrolysis which have shown a great significance in inducing the resistance within the tomato plants by stimulating the activity of PR-proteins and phenolic compounds against the pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (a soil borne plant pathogen). Bio-char is added in the soil as an amendment wi...
Article
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Consumption of unsafe drinking water is associated with a substantial burden of disease globally. In the US, ~1.8 million people in rural areas lack reliable access to safe drinking water. Our objective was to characterize and assess household-level water sources, water quality, and associated health outcomes in Central Appalachia. We collected sur...
Article
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In recent times, rapid extinction of various endangered valuable plant species became an alarming issue and a global challenge. Decalepis arayalpathra (J. Joseph and V. Chandras.) Venter., is a species that bears lots of medicinal properties because of vanilla-like isomer 2-Hydroxy,4-methoxy benzaldehyde produced in its root latex. Most usage of th...
Article
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Defect engineering of pristine materials which already possess native adsorption capacity for aqueous organic and inorganic chemical species is a novel and exciting new area of adsorption science research. However, the current literature on this specific topic in the context of sequestering aqueous chemical species is limited. In this review, we fi...
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Dendrimers are spherical three-dimensional molecules with a repetitively branching core. They are normally symmetric around the core. Bismuth (III) iodide has the formula B i I 3 and is an inorganic chemical. The reaction between bismuth and iodine produces this gray-black solid, which was of great interest in qualitative inorganic analysis. Mathem...
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Gravel and sand mulching is an indigenous technology that has been used for increasing soil temperature and improving crop yield and water use efficiency for at least 300 years in northwestern China. However, long-term application of inorganic fertilizer with gravel and sand mulch could decrease the soil organic carbon content, and how to improve s...
Article
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Here, we report the chemical composition and optical properties of the fine particles (PM2.5) and water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) of these particles. Additionally, the potential sources of WSOC emission were determined through the study on fluorescence excitation–emission matrix spectra and parallel factor analysis (EEM-PARAFAC). Samples were c...
Article
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In the past 30 years, plasma polymerization has emerged as a versatile technique for depositing ultrathin nanocoating on a variety of substrates for applications that range from providing lubricity to the substrate, protection from harsh environments, promoting adhesion, surface modification to applications of coating in ultrafiltration and gas sep...
Article
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Microscopic, electrochemical and surface characterization techniques were used to investigate the effects of iron reducing bacteria (IRB) biofilm on carbon steel corrosion for 72 and 168 h under batch conditions. The organic nutrient availability for the bacteria was varied to evaluate biofilms formed under nutritionally rich, as compared to nutrit...
Article
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Purpose An adequate matching between the nomenclature of elementary flows in life cycle inventory (LCI) databases and life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) methods is key for ensuring the proper application of life cycle assessment (LCA). However, the nomenclature of elementary flows lacks harmonization among the LCA community. This paper aims at def...
Article
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Three new 2,5-disubstituted 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives from dicarboxylic acids were synthesized in a three-step synthesis procedure that involved formation of esters and hydrazides as intermediates. The final products; 1,4-bis(5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)benzene,1,4-bis(5-(4-nitrophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)benzene and 1,2-bis(4-nitr...
Article
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Wheat is vulnerable to numerous diseases; on the other hand, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) exhibit a sterilizing action. To understand the combined effects of AgNPs with nicotinate and potassium nitrate (KNO3) for plant growth and sterilization, a gel- and label-free proteomics was performed. Root weight was promoted by the treatment of AgNPs mixed...
Article
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The water-based combination of two inorganic chemical compounds such as sodium tungstate dihydrate-Na 2 WO 4 × 2H 2 O and Aluminum sulfate octadecahydrate-Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 × 18H 2 O that we have conditionally named ‘Vomifal’ has a broad antiviral activity in various DNA and RNA viruses, including Human Herpes Virus (HHV), African Swine Fever Virus (A...
Article
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Soil aggregates are the material basis of soil structure and important carriers of nutrients. Long-term application of organic and inorganic fertilizers can affect the composition of soil aggregates to varying degrees, which in turn affects the distribution and storage of soil nutrients. We report the results of a 15-year long-term field-based test...
Article
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While chemical fertilisers and pesticides indeed enhance agricultural productivity, their excessive usage has been detrimental to environmental health. In addressing this matter, the use of environmental microbiomes has been greatly favoured as a ‘greener’ alternative to these inorganic chemicals’ application. Challenged by a significant proportion...
Article
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The Peace River is a critical water source in southwest Florida, United States. The watershed contains many phosphate mines that decrease water safety. Whether phosphate mining leads to a reduction in surface runoff and affects water quality in the Peace River Basin has been a highly controversial subject. Thus, the environmental impacts of phospha...
Article
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There has recently been a significant growth in research exploring natural-based coagulant due to its various benefits to decrease or even substitute inorganic chemical coagulants. Due to their abundance, polysaccharide-based coagulant and coagulant aid are promising sources. This study reports the utilization of galactomannan extracted from spent...
Article
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This research confirms the metaheuristic way using the novel method of synthesis of inorganic chemical activator binder just by replacing the Al³⁺ ion to Fe³⁺ ion by chemical activation in the matrix using Taguchi’s orthogonal array. The laterite soil was made reactive using calcination processes, and the material used was Fe2O3; as a major source,...
Article
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Purpose: To observe the outcome of chemical corneal tattooing suffering from disfiguring corneal scar by using platinum chloride and hydrazine hydrate. Methods: Eighteen patients who had no other measures for visual improvement, unable to use cosmetic contact lenses and unwilling to do enucleation but wanted cosmesis were included. Overlying epithe...
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Agriculture is a multifarious interface between plants and associated microorganisms. In contemporary agriculture, emphasis is being given to environmentally friendly approaches, particularly in developing countries, to enhance sustainability of the system with the least negative effects on produce quality and quantity. Modern agricultural practice...
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Chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) becomes a health concern in developing countries. It is urgent to recognize CKDu-related groundwater in CKDu-prevalent areas. Here, spectral indices showed that DOM from CKDu groundwater was characterized by higher molecular weight, stronger exogenous feature, and greater degree of humification and...
Article
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Arsenic poses a danger to environmental health, and arsenic-rich groundwater is a key exposure risk for humans. The distribution, migration, and enrichment of arsenic in groundwater is an important environmental and public health problem. Currently, the Huaihe River Basin is identified as a region of arsenic-rich groundwater in China. This study ai...
Article
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The structure, fundamental properties, and reactivity of chemical systems at various hierarchical levels of organization of matter is the paradigm of chemistry. A qualitative and quantitative description of various intermolecular and intramolecular non-covalent interactions in chemical systems is the main tool for supramolecular design and the driv...
Article
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Background Cigarette smoking is a well-known risk factor for cataract and other ailments, including heart disease, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Cannabis smoke, like tobacco smoke, contains a comparable variety of carcinogenic and toxic compounds. Purpose In the present study, we analyzed UK Biobank data to determine whet...
Article
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Biomass is a renewable and sustainable green energy material. It is made up of lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose with considerable amount of water, extractives and inorganic chemical compounds. The use of biomaterials and other biogenic wastes for energy recovery represent an eco-friendly way to use these natural fillers. Biomaterial selection is...
Technical Report
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Kazakhstan is Pakistan’s non-traditional trade partner with bilateral trade of USD 59.1 million volume between two countries. Major export basket consists of cereals, edible fruits and nuts, pharmaceutical, surgical and leather products. While Pakistan imports consists of inorganic chemicals, raw hides, iron and steel, and manmade filament, Keeping...
Article
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Bell pepper (Capsicum annuum) is a widely grown vegetable crop that is nutritious and flavorful and economically important for growers worldwide. A significant limiting factor in the postharvest storage and long-distance transport of peppers is gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea. The pathogen is widespread in nature, highly aggressive, and able t...
Conference Paper
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Introduction: The composition of solid samples returned from the asteroid 162173 Ryugu by Hayabusa2 indicates aqueous alteration of rocks that formed a parent body of Ryugu [1, 2]. As on parent bodies of carbonaceous chondrites [3-5], Ryugu materials could have went through (1) accretion of anhydrous and reduced rocky grains together with water-ric...
Article
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In inorganic chemistry, the chemical reactions are mostly represented by Inorganic chemical formulas of the chemical compounds. While digitizing the handwritten or printed contents related to inorganic chemistry, firstly it has to recognize handwritten inorganic chemical formulas (HICF). The HICF has represented by using alphabets and numbers, this...
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Health studies report associations between metrics of residential proximity to unconventional oil and gas (UOG) development and adverse health endpoints. We investigated whether exposure through household groundwater is captured by existing metrics and a newly developed metric incorporating groundwater flow paths. We compared metrics with detection...
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Conventional beneficiation of the Platinum Group of Metals (PGMs) relies on the use of inorganic chemicals. With the depreciation of high grade deposits, these conventional processes are becoming less economically viable. Furthermore, the use of chemicals has serious negative impacts on the environment. To address the challenges of conventional PGM...
Conference Paper
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Food security in the world is associated with the production and consumption of cereal crops. However, the productivity of these crops is threatened by climatic extremities and its uncertainty, looming water crises and increased incidence of salinity. Salinity is a major abiotic stress that limits cereal productivity in arid and semiarid environmen...
Chapter
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Livestock industry has benefitted human being in so many ways, providing food, livelihood and contributing to economy. Meanwhile it is a main cause of persistent organic compounds, odor and harmful gases. Subsequently, the sustainable management of livestock waste is very important to reduce the production of noxious gases, hence preventing the env...
Chapter
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With national and world population growth, food demand has also increased, which has given rise to conventional production systems using an excess of agrochemical products to increase crop yield. This type of agricultural practice has caused a highly negative impact on soil quality and the deterioration of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. On the...
Poster
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Devido à aplicabilidade nos mais diversos setores da sociedade, a água é considerada um recurso natural indispensável à vida. Entretanto, apesar da grande quantidade de água disponível no planeta Terra, somente 2,5 % é água doce, considerada a apropriada para as atividades humanas. Além do mais, somente 1% desta água está facilmente disponível em r...
Article
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Wastewater from the textile industry containing a high concentration of organic and inorganic chemicals has strong color and residual chemical oxygen demand (COD). Therefore, advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) are very good candidates to treat textile industry wastewater. In this study, we investigated the effect of different types of AOPs support...
Article
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Global population, which has been estimated by United Nations to hit 9.8 Billion by the middle of this century and the corresponding demand for clean, affordable and portable water, which is not readily available, especially for developing countries and even developed ones, has become a course for concern. It is estimated that 1.2 billion people la...
Article
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Coconut production in the Amazon requires the knowledge and development of sustainable technologies to alleviate the detrimental effects of inorganic chemical fertilizers and intensive farming practices. In this study, we investigated the effects of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) isolated from coconut seedlings on nutrient use efficien...
Conference Paper
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Anaerobic digestion (AD) of easily hydrolysable waste such as raspberry fruit waste (RFW) could be hindered by its susceptibility to acidification [1]. Different strategies have been adopted to overcome this acidification problem and enhance the AD process performance [1]. These includes co-digestion with other substrates [1], addition of excess al...
Article
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With characters of low cost, portability, easy disposal, and high accuracy, as well as bulky reduced laboratory equipment, paper-based sensors are getting increasing attention for reliable indoor/outdoor onsite detection with nonexpert operation. They have become powerful analysis tools in trace detection with ultra-low detection limits and extreme...
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Emerging pollutants (or contaminants) (EPs) are a wide group of organic and inorganic chemicals present in the environment as a result of human activity [...]
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The paper presents the impact of different methods of sewage sludge conditioning on the improvement of sludge dewatering during pressure filtration processes. The following conditioning methods were tested for sludge preparation: sonication, addition of organic and inorganic chemicals (Zetag 8180, PIX 113 and the combined action of both substances)...
Article
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For refractory application, amongst others, inorganic chemical binders are used to shape and process loose, unpacked materials. The binder influences the chemical composition within the ceramic body during setting, aging and firing and thus the finally reached properties of the refractory material. For an effective design of tailored materials with...
Article
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Agroindustrial biomass residues are considered potential feedstocks for renewable fuels and chemical production through processes such as thermal conversion. In this regard, thermal conversion characteristics of molasses, a byproduct from sugar production, have not been investigated. In this study, thermal conversion properties of molasses at tempe...
Preprint
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The widespread loss of stony reef-building coral populations has been compounded by pervasive recruitment failure, i.e., the low or absent settlement and survival of coral juveniles. To combat global coral reef stressors and rebuild coral communities, restoration practitioners have developed workflows to rear and settle vulnerable coral larvae in t...
Article
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Enzymes are high value industrial bio-catalysts with extensive applications in a wide range of manufacturing and processing sectors, including the agricultural, food and household care industries. The catalytic efficiency of enzymes can be several orders higher compared to inorganic chemical catalysts under mild conditions. However, the nutrient me...
Preprint
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Over the last few years, there is a significant growth in research exploring natural based coagulant due to its various benefits to decrease or even substitute the usage of inorganic chemical coagulants. Polysaccharide based coagulant and coagulant aid is a promising source for this purpose, due to its abundance. In this study, we reported utilizat...
Conference Paper
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India is an agricultural land with resources available, besides has a great scope of developing organic farming techniques like hydroponics, aeroponics and aquaponics. These techniques can address the problems like food security, meeting the hunger requirement of population, climate change etc. and makes environment ecofriendly, sustainable, and po...
Article
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Molecular terms of dioxygen and nitic oxide are presented. Electron spin resonance spectra of diatomic molecules corresponding to these terms are discussed. Gas-phase ESR can be a convenient method of monitoring paramagnetic pollutants in the atmosphere. We ran additional calculations in molecular physics for terms of these molecules and Zeeman tra...
Article
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Fly ash (FA) is the principal industrial waste byproduct from the burning of solid fuels. FA is a powdery solid that is constituted mostly of unburned carbon (UC), metal oxides (Si, Fe, Ca, and Al), and other inorganic substances. UC is an inexpensive source of activated carbon that plays an important role in FA adsorption capacity. Due to the broa...
Article
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Soluble organic and inorganic chemicals, as well as suspended particles, make up landfill leachates. Leachate flow can increase (during rainy season) or decrease (during dry/summer season) depending on the weather. The discharge of landfill leachate could cause major environmental issues. Leachate may seep through landfill liners and into the subso...
Article
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Potassium permanganate is mostly used for lightening denim in the textile industry. It is an inorganic chemical compound and an oxidizing agent. PP is sprayed to denim with a spray gun as microparticles. During the spraying process, these microparticles can be inhaled by workers causing lung diseases in the long term. PP spray is one of the most da...
Preprint
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Arsenic (As) poses a danger to environmental health, and drinking arsenic-rich groundwater is a key exposure risk for humans. The distribution, migration, and enrichment of As in groundwater is an important worldwide environmental and public health problem that requires research. Huaihe River Basin has been newly identified as a region of high-arse...