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Innovation Systems - Science topic

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Can some please suggest an easy-to-read/understand book on data envelopment analysis (DEA) for the beginners that explains the usages/interpretation of various DEA models without providing the mathematical details. Any help would be highly appreciated. Thanks,
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I'm sending a 60 books about DEA for free.
Visit:
If you liked my statement of DEA books, make a recommendation.
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This Project Works about the incomprehension or empty of didactics’ routes in research management learning in teachers of High Education. The problem is tackled from fourth central issues to follow outcomes from research products. 1. Generation of New knowledge. 2. Technology development, 3. Social Appropriation of knowledge, 4. Training of Human Resource in science, technology, and innovation. These topics are supports in the fourth typologies from a National system of science, technology, and Innovation in Colombia, call it Colciencias.
Consequently, it can look at different problems from diverse academic importance, like as unable for identity the national research products map from ScientTI. The lower impact on the research outcomes in academic communities nationals and internationals. Likewise, this problem impacts the creation or participation in research networks. Also, there is an important difficulty for its management the scientific communication to show the outcomes to the generation of new knowledge in indexed journals.
Another topic is about the researcher's rankings. The national Science System has five levels to classify the researchers; 1. Recognized integrant, 2. Junior, 3. Associated, 4. Senior, and 5.Emerito. There are benefits associated with there levels. Many researchers are not in this rankings´ research. This situation harms the possibilities of products´ visibility from researchers.
In this sense, the general difficulty of the Colombian researcher people to articulate and manage their research process with specific outcomes is the cause of this proposal. Also, we think it can generate a research culture from gamification strategies.
It proposes a design of a gamification strategy for the research products management learning, defined in the National System Research. Also, improve a research culture at University of Santo Tomas and the others in the country. Methodologically, the project is thought for it develops over “Human Centered Design (HCD)” model. It hopes to make a prototype of the platform, and mobile-app, in alfa level, that implied the multimedia and gamification concept.
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Looks interesting and promosing at the same time.
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I would like to know what scholars of innovation systems and related topics think about a bottom-up approach to an innovation study. Mainstream innovation studies take top-down approaches in the sense of deciding a-priori what the problem is, what the innovation is, how the bottom should tackle these issues, etc. The bottom-up approach first gives voice to the ground, to the elements/actors that emerge to be involved in a system, what their problems and constraints are, what they see as opportunities and how they tackle all this, i.e. how they innovate.
I might be wrong of course and I would like to know your opinions, your approach, what you think, etc.
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Taken into account the experiences with lean management and process optimisation, there CIP works bottom-up and is considered as quite successful. Usually CIP supports incremental improvement of processes, but sometimes even radical innovations. So, why should this not work with innovation?
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Shall is it time to call for an update of the national innovation system concept to the National Innovation Ecosystem?
when reading recent researches on innovation issues, I remarked that the concept of NIS become, in some how, out of date (even it keeps its explanatory power). this is because there are researchers who look to innovation from an ecological point of view and consider its happening as the result of linked ecologies whose aim is to cooperate for promoting innovation and the state of knowledge. therefore, their approximation emerged within a whole system called "Ecosystem". within this ecosystem, the elements of NIS can be reduced to the biotic components ( or according to Andrew Abbott: ecologies): universities, research institutes, industrials, governments. and relations refer to the abiotic items which are considered as input and output of biotic convergence.       
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No, the question is not about system or ecosystem. The present need is to find ways to integrate socio-technical systems and socio-ecological systems of innovation. Please refer to the following literature.
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Processes, information feedback, policy and time delays are the important elements of System Dynamics modeling. Boundary setting is equally important component in SD modeling given the fact that endogeneous and exogeneous variables are determined based on boundary only. 
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Probably too late for this answer... but this manuscript was quite useful when I was trying to define the boundaries of a system dynamics model I was working on. 
Cheers. 
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Integration can be found in examples such as integrated supply chains, integrated design for buildings, and the integration of IS/IT within an enterprise.  I am looking for papers about how integration is measured and used as a construct when evaluating the integration of a new paradigm within or across different business functions.  A new paradigm for this application of integration I am particularly interested in is sustainability.  Thank you in advance for any help toward this matter.
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Thank you for the responses.  I am also interested in how integration and sustainability, environmental, or green constructs  have been measured and used in the literature.
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If so, we could make use of synergies in our EU-project "DesAlps": The focus is to understand the innovation facilitators in companies (how they work, what they need) and help them with Design Thinking for sustainability - through workshops and a DT Lab in Upper Austria.
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Dear Ruth,
yes, it seems that I used it as a monologue platform, to be honest :D  But this shall change from now on! Thanks for the wake-up call!
With "synergies" I mean not to develop DT Labs or DT activities individually, but possibly take a look at comparable projects and ideas to prevent parallell structures. I'll take a more detailed look at all your great Information (thank you!) and come back to you when our project is in a more advanced state.
In short: we focus on DT for eco-innovation, we will develop a neat DT lab in Linz, and we are trying to connect with DT experts (such as you) and bring all together with SMEs struggling with their innovation capability!
All the best,
David
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Universities in Latin America are key to contribute to the innovation system yet they still work under the paradigm of linear innovation. My research goal is to identify options and evaluate their innovative performance while shaping a qualitative model to build its improvement and relevance to the innovation system.
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This is a great topic that can be studied at different levels, including individuals, teams, organizations, nations, etc. If you are conduction a qualitative study, it might be useful to consider innovation at all these different levels.
There is an excellent recent review paper you can use to develop your qualitative study:
Anderson, Ptocnik, and Zhou (2014), "Innovation and Creativity in Organizations:.."Journal of Management, 40 (5), 1297-1333.
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I'm looking for papers and books about the economics of science and technological parks, theoretically and empirically.
Theoretically, I want to understand the underlying logic and when science parks are a good or a bad choice.
Empirically, I'm looking for cost-benefit analysis: are they a good investment?
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I wish to thanks for the citations. I think that the reading of the mentioned paper could be so useful to better understand the real effects produced by a Science Parks 
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We need thorough knowledge of domains to create applications, products, services and platforms to serve customers and end users. Domains are vast reservoir of knowledge. Mastering this knowledge is no easy task. Given that there are multitudes of domains this task becomes humongous. This task can be made easier if we unearth a set of archetypes that can capture major portion (100% does not seem plausible) of knowledge across domains. We, of course, need to contextualize these archetypes. 
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You make a good point about the need for speed (which would suggest that intuition would be the way to go). However, while intuition is useful for making quick decisions, it is not so useful for making successful one. Also, you make a point about the information being in a particular context. I've found is that the most useful knowledge is self-contextualized. For example, with Ohm's law, changes in volts, amps and ohms are understood in relation to each other. The application then becomes obvious - one uses the self-contextual knowledge only in those cases where the concepts relate to the situation (one having amps, volts, and ohms).
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The question is, how might developing countries catch up to the industrial states? Is it possible to give some advice that will increase the chances of success?
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Hi Christopher,
Developing countries can consider encouraging the developing of innovation and creativity skills in their students as well as developing systems such as hands-on industry based programs to contribute innovation in firms. The following papers discuss some pedagogical approaches for building such capacity in their universities.
See the following articles:
Rampersad, G., & Patel, F. (2014). Creativity as a desirable graduate attribute: Implications for curriculum design and employability.
Rampersad, G. C. (2015). Developing university-business cooperation through work-integrated learning. International Journal of Technology Management, 68(3-4), 203-227.
Rampersad, G. C. (2015). Building University Innovation Ecosystems: The Role of Work Integrated Learning as a Core Element in the University-Industry Nexus. Journal of Research in Business, Economics and Management, 4(1), 231-240.
Rampersad, G. C. (2015). Managing Innovation Clusters: A Network Approach. Journal of Management and Strategy, 6(3), p9.
The articles are all open access so you should be able to access them. Hope they help.
Best wishes,
Giselle
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Many models try to shape the innovation system: national innovation system, Mode 2; triple helix; quadruple helix; quintuple helix are examples.
The emergence of any model is regarded as rivalry; yet some attributes are frequently repeated such as cooperation/partnership characteristic.
Could you list some similarities and/or differences between these models?
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Hi Dekkiche,
Good question. There are several terms that have been used by researchers and policy makers over the years including innovation systems, clusters and triple helix. The term, entrepreneurial ecosystems is the latest in the rhetoric.
Most of these terms seem to have the similarity of involving the three main players of government, university and business. However, there are differences in terms of the geographic frame of reference – regional, national, global etc. Clusters usually refer to regions while national innovation systems (NIS) refer to the national level and regional innovation systems (RIS) refer to the regional level. Another difference it whether it is limited to one sector/industry or whether it refers to multiple sectors. For instance clusters usually refer to one sector while innovation systems may refer to multiple ones (unless the study specifies sectoral innovation system (SIS)).
See the following article:
Rampersad, G. C. (2015). Managing Innovation Clusters: A Network Approach. Journal of Management and Strategy, 6(3), p9.
Hope it helps.
Cheers,
Giselle
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Agricultural Innovation System must foster interactions between the different actors. Various experiments have shown that, apart from a strong research and development capacity, the ability to innovate is generally related to collective action, coordination, exchange of information, incentives and resources available to create links and develop joint initiatives. This system considers the diversity of actors involved, their potential relationships, the role of informal practices and the context of agricultural policies.
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The Moengo Case
 The organization I'm consulting with has been grappling with this question for years in trying to implement innovation in the agricultural sector in Moengo, a region in Suriname (South America). Based on the experience of this project, there are some steps to be taken, but it depends on who you are: government or private organization. Government can set goals and direct considerable means and resources to achieve them, but they will be effective only if  supported by the other participants in the sector. As a private organization, a small NGO, which is operating regionally to set a good example that can be followed, the private organization doesn't have the possibilities of a national or local government. Another question is also: where do you start from, what is the situation of the agricultural sector? In the case of Moengo the economy  was based on bauxite mining and because the bauxite resources are depleted, other pilars need to be found to support the local economy. Almost every household in the region is already involved in agriculture, but mostly as small-holders practicing ‘shifting cultivation’ without using technology or modern agricultural techniques. And there is also no agricultural education.
 So, here is how we have been trying to innovate:
 1. Set bold goals which are appealing: This is something we discovered to be working, when the project was already running, but it is just like how the USA-government inspired people going to the moon. Paint a different picture of the future. Agriculture in Suriname is known as a poor men’s profession, nobody has become rich by practicing it. You can’t send your kids to school by doing agriculture and sure nobody will send his children to study agriculture.  But if you can show that you can become an engineer, create sustainable energy through agriculture, make medicine from it, feed the world and have a decent living, then it is already becoming more appealing.
 2. Develop an approach: Together with the Technology University of Delft  we developed on the request of the local authorities  an appoach called SOIL (Suriname Development of Innovative Agriculture). It is a technology-, entrepreneurial -, market-based approach. In a period of 20 years at least 100 agro-SME’s must be set up that are able to create sufficient jobs for a population of around 20.000 people. Together the SME's must form a network called Greenport, an concept copied from an agricultural approach in Holland. Greenports are very effective in coordinating all partners in creating regional innovative agriculture centers. Holland has different Greenports and they are very effective in achieving their goals.
 3. Set up an educational system or link existing ones:  A system of education from lower vocational level to university level is needed to support the whole supply chain of the agriculture and food sector.  Capacity building and the addition of vaule are important. Agriculture in the region is not knowledge-based and has no high status with the youth, because you can not earn a living with it. But what is proved in the Netherlands is that knowledge-based and innovative agriculture can provide good paying professional jobs and that the economy of the country depends for an important  part on agriculture and food processing. In Suriname we are building a coalition of knowledge institutions, schools on vocational level (lower and intermediate), higher level (applied universities and universities) working together with foreign institutions which can help create the right capacity.
4. ‘Product to market’ approach: The primary goal is commercial, bringing the products to local - and exportmarkets so money can be made to create jobs and grow the economy. Developing good logistics, introducing high international standards such as Global GAP and HACCP is a must. People must be able to earn an income to support their family and give them a better perspective for the future.  
 5. Make the system upscalable:  Show that what is achieved can be copied. We are concentrating e.g. on tubers: cassava, yam, tayer (Xanthosoma sagitifolium), sweet potatoes. When we create new products, journalists are invited and the whole program is presented again and again, so they report about it. And there are visible results. Bread from cassava flower turned out to be good as the usual bread was widely presented.
Eight years ago we started to build greenhouses as a form of implementing new technology and now the use of greenhouses is accepted, while in the beginning it was not. A group of people that attended our workshops regularly has started a business to produce hydroponic greenhouse systems which use water instead of soil. It is based on precision knowledge and is very innovative. More and more farmers are trying to use affordable greenhouses. People are trying to implement all sorts of greenhouses and the model we introduced is constantly being improved and made cheaper to make it available for the small-holder farmers.
 6. Create facilitators: Financial facilities such as loans must be available for production and export. Storage facilities for cooling are needed. Laws need to be put in place, regulations need to be created to facilitate the process. These are things we cannot do and those are put on the table of government agencies even if they are not the ones who started this project. Their cooperation is important for achieving the goals set.
 7. Research-Programming-Implementation: Carry out reasearch, create programs and turn them into projects that can be implemented. Make people aware of this approach, make people aware by constantly presenting the results that have been achieved.
And bit by bit we are seeing some changes. The idea of using technology instead of the traditional ‘slash and burn’ is taking hold.  Implementing new techniques and new technologies is hard. In Holland it sometimes took more than 50 years to build up a Greenport. In Suriname we expect it will be no different. Implementing innovative changes is very hard.
But government (local and national) has an important role to play because certain activities such as infrastructure (e.g. roads, electricity) cost to much for an entrepreneur and more so for smallholder famers. And further, logistics and export facilities, these are things government has to take care for. So there always must be a cooperation between government and business no matter in which domain the initiative for innovation for the agricultural sector is started.  
I hope the case helps in answering your question. 
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I did this research last year to understand the approaches of European companies engaged in R&D activities in India. I wish to take it further in deciphering the nuances of EU firms, and contrast that with American firms. Any suggestions on the areas to look at?
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sorry I do not have the expertise to answer this question.
Regards
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I'm having problems with the scale to measure innovation (as a result) and also innovativeness (as the innovation capacity).
Do you know validated scales to measure it?
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I recommend that you go over two papers (if you already have not) that might help you with this question:
Adams, R., Bessant, J., & Phelps, R. (2006). Innovation Management Measurement: A Review. International Journal of Management Reviews, Vol 8, Iss 1, pp. 21-47.
Damanpour, F. (1991). Organizational Innovation: A meta-analysis of effects of determinants and moderators. Academy of Management Journal, 34, 555-590.
I think you need to narrow your question / search down a bit. This will help in coming up with a possible tool. Context (as identified by Arash Hajikhani above) is important.
Best wishes with your research!
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Can we consider mode 2 as model of innovation system like NIS and the Triple Helix?
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I see Mode 2 as a metaphore of thinking about knowledge creation. There are certainly some practical implications to Mode 2 (involvement of practitioners, different incentive systems), but in my understanding there is no 'pure' Mode 1 or Mode 2 knowledge. You may see Mode 2 as a production model, in fact, that is how Michael Gibbons talks about it: Mode 2 knowledge production. But, in my view, he talks about it more as a metaphore of how to understand the process of knowledge production and the roles of the different actors involved - and how that is different from the traditional/Mode 1 way of thinking about knowledge production. So would not call Mode 2 an innovation system. If you want to connect Mode 2 to innovation systems (NIS, Tripple Helix), I would say that innovation systems may differ in the extent to which a Mode 2 way of working/thinking is present in the system.
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I am looking for literature on RIS in solar energy/PV in  the Indian context.
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Krzysztof is right, I am afraid that asking for basic literature does not reflect a good researcher habit.
My advise is for you to utilize google scholar with some keyword (e.g "innovation systems energy" ... or replace energy with other industry) relating to the topic you are looking for. If you need help in downloading paid articles.. let me know, I should be able to help with that (just the major ones - because i don't have the a lot of time to download articles).
Good luck with your research.
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I am particularly interested in special rewards in energy tarrifs and other regulatory measures employed to promote energy innovations (R&D) by energy regulators. To be more precise: I am not asking about feed in tariffs or other forms of promotion of RES.
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In Iran, some of governmental organization such as SUNA and SABA proposed some financial incentive to self-regulatory industries. For example, any high energy consuming complex that would decrease its energy consume by 4% annually, could receive financial aids, loans and certificates.
It seems that there are not enough governmental incentives to have energy saving manner in Iran. 
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One of the current texts that begins to explore this subject is 'The Wide Lens'. While he does cite multiple sources, I am interested in identifying additional sources describing the use of ecosystems in high-tech or clean industries. Thanking you in advance for any suggestions and/or papers you might direct me to. 
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My sincere thanks to all to that replied to my question. Your feedback was very helpful.
@Vincent - I watched D. Isenberg's video and thought his commentary around the six domains was intriguing. While it wasn't exactly what I was looking for it did serve as a great idea starter for me.
@Rozeia - Thank you for gathering up the above articles. The Jenkins & Basole articles look to be very interesting.
Kind regards,
Rich
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Dear colleagues, please help me clarify the following issue:
Regional innovation system (RIS) is
a) a subsystem of a region ‘responsible’ for generation, diffusion and exploitation of knowledge (along with political subsystem, social subsystem, etc.)
or b) a certain regional context, a certain state of regional institutions, which in total makes a region as a system to be regarded as innovative (i.e. innovation is being present in various subsystems of the region, such as social, ecological, etc.)?
Any other explanation apart from the two mentioned above are welcome. Please cite your references.
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It is important do not forget that RIS, and NIS too, is a theoretical concept. It is an observation instrument (like a microscope) and not an object itself. Such concept allows us to understand the relationships system established (between the mentioned actors) e.g. in the considered region. Such instrument can be used to observe the region at all, an industrial sector within that region (e.g. automobile, agrifood, biotech, etc.), etc. This does not mean that there are one, two or more RIS; the observer is using the instrument for looking at different places.
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Can a technical innovation system be done before adopting and implementing a technology? How could that happen for sustainable sanitation technologies ?
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I am not sure i got your question!
Howvere, in general I could say it depends on the system. you can model the system using computer software and investegate all parameters
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Tolman's purposive behaviorism asserts that there is a purpose behind every behavior of an organism. "What is the purpose?" is most often encountered question when we model and design systems and contrary to perception it is not easy to properly understand and define the purpose of the system such that the modeling and design process continuously refers to it.
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Dr. Lupu, I am afraid I cannot follow a part of your argument: "we might consider that every systems intrinsic purpose should be avoiding entropy"  How can you avoid entropy? With very simple words, an engineered system decreases entropy because it imposes an architectural and operational order on all its parts, on itself, and partially on its environment. This applies to living organisms as well, as very properly argued by Dr. Riley. Furthermore, my impression has been that the original (interesting) question of Dr. Rai was more concrete. Of course, sometimes we have to derive explanatory answers to philosophical and/or scientific questions in a deductive way (starting out from existing generic theories), but we also have to consider specific theories in order to be able to address the specificity hiding in the question. In this context, I cannot see a direct relation between (human) purpose and entropy. With kind regards, I.H.
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I am doing some researches on national agricultural innovation systems and agricultural extension systems and approaches evaluation and need more information on Meta-analyses particularly on agricultural extension.
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Dear Dr. Arastoo
Thank you for your contribution. As you know Meta-analysis is a research methodology to analyzing the analyses. The value article that you introduced to me is very useful and you and other respective authors have done it in an innovation system context. I will use it and I will follow your other publications through Research gate.
Many thanks.
All the best
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Bloomberg provides that list with all info about the relation between a firm and its supplier in term of the amount of selling and buying for each one but for only the current year . Also, Apple provides its supplier list in its website but without any info.
I am looking for a secondary data resource to obtain those lists for at least for five years without conducting a survey or interview.
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In some countries it is mandatory for the public institutions to provide a list of all suppliers they have engaged with on annual basis.
May be you have to check with the government body responsible with purchasing/procurement.
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Do you think this research question make sense for master thesis.
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This is a wide topic. It is valid for a thesis. I expect the answer to be more complex than you think as additive manufacturing not only influences the location of production, but also allows different product design solutions. For example, Lego is investigating how printed dies allow faster cooling as they have more complex internal structures. 
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I read some innovation methods in technology, but in management, I think there are some also.
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Marie,
Ventures should be treated like scientific experiments, which involve identifying gaps in knowledge, developing a hypothesis, designing a test, conducting the experiment, and evaluating the results. If the hypothesis is supported, further research along the same lines can be undertaken with greater confidence. If it is not, the scientist will reflect on the possible reasons and then either stop or redesign the experiment. Even a hypothesis that is not borne out can be valuable, because it offers new insights. Budget approval processes that require proponents of a new business idea to commit to a return on investment (or net present value) goal inhibit managers from approaching ventures in this fashion. Everyone is forced to focus on success or failure in achieving a specific business outcome rather than on insights arising from the hypothesis that led to the venture. It makes much more sense to focus on the option value of a venture—the value of the opportunities it may open up, not all of which are known at the outset.”
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Is any of you using systems thinking theory and methodology in his/her research? 
My background is in political science and I am doing a study on innovation in bioenergy diffusion. As far as I know, systems thinking fits quite well my "systemic" approach to innovation in this sector, and especially because I want to look at how to best manage the interaction between the creation of new knowledge-new technology-new policy and social issues emerging within this system (in two case-studies). If you have any idea, feedback, suggestion, input, advice...this would all be very welcome.
Thank you
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Hello Bianca,
Please have a look on the report (attached file) I made with my working team for a Systems Thinking course during our Master's degree. It's about bio-fuels/bioenergy in Brazil from a systemic perspective. It involves the use of system thinking and system dynamics simulations. Any additional information, let me know. 
Regards.
Julio
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Is this possible to measure the national innovation capacity with respect to these variables (GDP, GDP per capita, high tech exports, R&D expenditure, ICT service export, Patent applications, residents, scientists and engineers in R&D, labor force, FDI net inflow, import and export of goods and services, tax on revenue, population, agriculture) and what kind of test must be applicable.
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Dear,
this fact has been established in recent researches that innovation is something that marketing is accepting,
as market is accepting that particular product or service, it defiantly add some value to the market and that particular country, by increasing its sale and revenues.
increasing a countries revenue means increasing GDP of that country.
so in this way the innovation is creating value and adding part in GDP of the country
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History shows that some countries that were poor have become increasingly rich and powerful while others remain stagnated in this state without arriving to escape.
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The previous comment by Hashwini Heerah asnwers the question, i think and points to several important directions to look at. Maybe the questions are "creation of wealth, for whom?", "condanation for whom?". As for poverty and wealth among states, capitalism along with colonisation & imperialism might be a good start to discuss the issue. It is not so easy not to remain poor if people ravage you from the means you have to survive.
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Before this evolution, the enterprises were so straight, but now with the NTIC they explose, and they have multiform creation.
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Determination of diversity in a workplace will necessitate clarity about the type of diversity we are talking about.
Diversity is of two types: Collective and individual. Collective diversity may again be of two types: It may relate to disadvantaged groups like lower caste employees; gays, certain races; physically challenged; and in some societies even women. Or collective diversity may relate to cultures e.g. nationality, language, accent, food preference, etc. Individual diversity related to the peculiar needs of individuals, e.g. roles, intelligence, education, ideology, personality, single parent, etc.
Whether a workplace is diverse or not will depend upon how diversity is looked at in the organization. Are they discriminated against or are their diversities respected and encouraged.
Most people just comply with the diversity by following legal provisions so as to avoid sanctions. Few use it as business case, as their company brand and employer brand goes up. They generally have to do the following for internalizing diversity in the organization:
1. Make diversity internally-driven , and not just the responsibility of the HR department.
2. Celebrate diversity as part of the ‘mission’ of the organization and as a 'value' of the company.
3. Recruit managers on the basis of their attitude towards diversity.
4. Do diversity training on the basis of needs of people concerned.
5. Allow networking facilities to the diverse groups like women, handicapped people, races, nationalities, etc.
6. Do diversity profile of all people in the organization and feed that data in the information system and HRIS.
7. Design diversity interventions on the basis of the needs of the different groups nd not in the ivory tower.
You may also see the following papers for reference:
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We are looking for specific methods (like bibliographic analysis of patents) to find out quantitative informations for the relationship between several technologies (or technology pairs).
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I recommend Jaffe & Trajtenberg's book "Patents, Citations, and Innovations" for a few ideas on how to approach the matter.
Best.
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Are firms a good starting point in studying an innovation system? Is it wrong to say all the innovations somehow originate from firms?
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Hi, you use the term "innovation system" and in my view one of the main contributions of this literature to our understanding of innovation was, to put the focus on all the organisations, activities, institutions and bottlenecks outside business enterprises which are still crucial for bringing about (or not) innovation. So, it does not matter where you start, but if you want to use the construct of an innovation system you will definitely move beyond the boundaries of a firm. I would suggest these three sources to start off on innovation systems (note that each has a different approach, and you might have to read them a few times) - of course, there are many others that are good reads as well.
Arnold, E. (2004). Evaluating research and innovation policy: a systems world needs systems evaluations. Research Evaluation, 13(1), 3-17. doi: 10.3152/147154404781776509
Edquist, C. (2005). Systems of Innovation. Perspectives and Challenges. In J. Fagerberg, D. C. Mowery & R. R. Nelson (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Innovation (pp. 181-208). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Woolthuis, R. K., Lankhuizen, M., & Gilsing, V. (2005). A system failure framework for innovation policy design. Technovation, 25, 609–619.
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We are doing a survey of Entrepreneurs in Europe to find out the gaps in the support system for startups, focusing on free resources offered by public bodies, corporates, universties etc. This could include events, networks, websites, deals, etc. I am looking for some secondary research to add depth to our findings.
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Hi Jessica
In this side of the world I know these tools to help to the entrepreneurs...
unfortunately we don't have research of these resources... only this year we begin to do something...
if you need more info just tell me...
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A good reference. "National Innovative Capacity", by Porter, M. and Stern, S., The Global Competitiveness Report 2001-2002; New York: Oxford University Press, 2001
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I am looking for a evidence that this is a kind of hybrid vehicle at that time.
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Also have a look at this article, a historical perspective on the development of alternative powertarins including the electric:
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Innovation is a critical path to sustainable development of firms as well as nations. Industrial engineering is striving to improve firms performance with a number of tools and techniques. Now the question that needs critical analysis and research would be how do we link these two concepts? Specifically for developing nations this would be very useful.
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Michael Porter's three generic strategies are price,differentiation and focus. I feel, price and differentiation, link innovation and industrial engineering. From industrial engineering perspective ,work study ( Method study & Work measurement ) improves, the plant operational efficiency by improving productivity and thereby reducing the cost of production, and thus creating a competitive advantage of charging lower price from the customer. Further Value engineering and Value analysis create product differentiation advantage, thereby making the product more competitive in the market. For sustainable development ,any organization requires to concentrate on product development, product innovation and process improvement through industrial engineering practices to remain competitive in the market. Any innovative product may be subjected to value engineering at the design stage and value analysis thereafter.
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All employees at all levels involved in the innovation process: I need to measure the level of doing that in a company. From the employees side, and preferably also from the management side. Therefore additional good questionnaires that were previously used to measure management's support to it would also be helpful, Thanks!
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You can try the european standard CWA 15899:2008 Standardization of an innovation capability rating for SMEs is very exhaustive.
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Apart from cross-national studies and methods based on Hofstede´s dimensiones, as in Vaasa & Kadi (2008) or Lanzjan (2011) since my intention is to focus on a strategic research material (Merton, 1957) using qualitative methods
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May I add: (i) a paper on Regional Innovation Cultures, by Trippl and Toedling (http://www2.druid.dk/conferences/viewpaper.php?id=3017&cf=29); and (ii) the notes on session 3 - Innovation Culture (http://www.proinno-europe.eu/sites/default/files/Workshop_Conclusion_42007______42007_____.pdf)