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Publications related to Infrastructure (10,000)
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At present, many houses in the Peruvian highlands do not have the necessary infrastructure to face climatic phenomena, even though there are pre-Hispanic vernacular houses as ancestral legacies that allow them to resist this inclemency, among them are the Putucos of Puno (Taraco and Samán), Therefore, the objective of this research is to study and...
Chapter
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Railway bridges are key assets of a countries’ infrastructure,enabling transport of goods and people through freight and passengertrains. The studied structure is a steel railway bridge subjected to cyclicloading, equipped with 98 Fiber Bragg Gratings. A previous study iden-tified train passages as main drivers of damage, isolated and convertedthem...
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This paper argues that as we move to redefine global bioethics, there is a need to be attentive to the ethical issues associated with the environmental sustainability of data and digital infrastructures in global health systems. We show that these infrastructures have thus far featured little in environmental impact discussions in the context of he...
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The Education and Learning Capital Model (ELCM), based on the Actiotope Model of Giftedness was used as a framework to explain the current practices dedicated to serve gifted education. This article addresses the status quo of gifted education in Oman according to the ELDM. The model comprised ten components including action learning capital, econo...
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A preponderance of empirical research in higher education exists on the use of electronic resources to promote university education and learning. This suggests that this area of research has attracted significant interest worldwide. However, there seems to be inadequate information on the association between specific electronic infrastructures, how...
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Synthetic biology has played a key role in responding to the current pandemic. Biofoundries are critical synthetic biology infrastructure which should be available to all nations as a part of their independent bioengineering, biosecurity, and countermeasure response systems.
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Internet of Things (IoT) technology drives lifestyle changes in smart city infrastructure due to rapid growth of services and activities that develop well-being. One of the main challenges that resulted from the exponential spread of IoT is the dense number of nodes with the huge amount of data over different networks that influence the collision p...
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Higher availability of administrative data and better infrastructure for electronic surveys allow for large sample sizes in evaluations of national and other large scale policies. Although larger datasets have many advantages, the use of big disaggregate data (e.g., on individuals, households, stores, municipalities) can be challenging in terms of...
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Background Rural and remote communities faced unique access challenges to essential services such as healthcare and highspeed infrastructure pre-COVID, which have been amplified by the pandemic. This study examined patterns of COVID-related challenges and the use of technology among rural-living individuals during the first wave of the COVID-19 pan...
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Conclusion Security and ease of provisioning of IoT devices onto cloud infrastructure is instrumental to the deployment of IoT devices. With not much information available on the ease of secure provisioning of IoT devices couple with inherent challenge of these devices in encrypting data before transmission to the cloud due to their constrained nat...
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Easy access to large quantities of accurate health data is required to understand medical and scientific information in real-time; evaluate public health measures before, during, and after times of crisis; and prevent medical errors. Introducing a system in the USA that allows for efficient access to such health data and ensures auditability of dat...
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Objective In sub-Saharan Africa, 45% of the rural population uses boreholes (BHs). Despite recent gains in improved water access and coverage, parallel use of unimproved sources persists. Periodic infrastructure disrepair contributes to non-exclusive use of BHs. Our study describes functionality of BHs in 2014, 2015, and 2016 in 15 rural towns in t...
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Climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies are gaining visibility and support. Decision-makers are defending the extension of large infrastructures that are low greenhouse gas (GHG) emitters, as a way to act quickly and massively without calling into question existing economic models. This situation depoliticizes these projects, masking th...
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The gas transport infrastructure is frequently localized in areas subjected to anthropogenic movements and strains. The potential impact of the ground movements on the gas pipeline in the aspect of its damage can be properly assessed e.g. by predicting strains, taking into account the causes of terrain movement. On the other hand, the hazard is als...
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Climate change, urbanisation, chemical pollution and disruption of ecosystems, including biodiversity loss, affect our health and wellbeing. Research is crucial to be able to respond to the current and future challenges that are often complex and interconnected by nature. The HERA Agenda, summarised in this commentary, identifies six thematic resea...
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We consider the problem of deploying a quantum network on an existing fiber infrastructure, where quantum repeaters and end nodes can only be housed at specific locations. We propose a method based on integer linear programming (ILP) to place the minimal number of repeaters on such an existing network topology, such that requirements on end-to-end...
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The ever-increasing demand for concrete used in the construction and infrastructure field leads to increasing global pollution over the decades. Hence, the construction field should look always for using its raw materials in sustainable ways without affecting the functionality of the structure. Design optimization is one such decision-making strate...
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The deployment of smart electricity meter (SEM) via the advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) has come under cyber-attacks as adversaries continue to exploit the communication links for possible evasion of electricity bill payments. Various detection models relying on energy consumption data offer a disadvantage of delayed detection and consequent...
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Today education has crossed the gender barrier; hence the present era can see the wave for education. With rise in demand for education, there has been increase in the number of education providers. Therefore, it become important for colleges to know the factors that affects student’s choice of colleges. Colleges charge tuition fee for providing ed...
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The article deals with the analysis of the technology of railway vehicles with alternative drives (electric-battery, bimodal and hydrogen) and their relation to line electrification. The possible extension of line electrification on a railway line offers different scenarios on how to deal with existing alternative propulsion vehicles on such lines....
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Electrical load forecasting plays a vital role in the operation and planning of power plants for the utility companies and policy makers to design stable and reliable energy infrastructure. Load forecasting is categorized in long-term, mid-term and short-term. Among them, short term load forecasting that monitors weekly, daily, hourly and even sub-...
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With new technologies being integrated into the existing power system infrastructure and current plants aging, it is increasingly important to maintain accurate dynamic models. A method to individually validate plant component models is proposed, and then is applied to the Mostar hydroelectric power plant using field data obtained during maintenanc...
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Ballasted railway track requires regular maintenance to reverse the effects of plastic deformation of the trackbed, which leads to a gradual loss of level. Maintenance is usually by tamping, an aggressive process, which damages ballast grains such that the interval between maintenance interventions steadily reduces with increasing number of tamps....
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Bangalore is experiencing unprecedented rapid urbanisation and sprawl in recent times due to unrealistic concentrated developmental activities with impetus on industrialisation for the economic development of the region. This has led to large scale land cover changes with serious environmental degradation, posing serious challenges to the decision...
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Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), the default inter-domain routing protocol on the Internet, lacks inherent mechanisms to validate the prefix ownership and integrity of inter-domain routes exchanged among multiple domains, resulting in BGP hijack attacks. Conventional security approaches such as RPKI and BGPSec are centralized and complex by nature, a...
Conference Paper
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To secure computer infrastructure, we need to configure all security-relevant settings. We need security experts to identify security-relevant settings, but this process is time-consuming and expensive. Our proposed solution uses state-of-the-art natural language processing to classify settings as security-relevant based on their description. Our e...
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Network connectivity is an important aspect of the built environment. However, it rarely captures the attention of decision-makers while implementing pedestrian projects. In recent years, Space-Syntax (SS) analysis is gaining popularity among researchers due to its ability to clearly demonstrate the topological configuration of a physical network....
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Electric vehicles require fast, economical and reliable charging systems for efficient performance. Wireless charging systems remove the hassle to plug in the device to be charged when compared with the conventional wired charging systems. Moreover, wireless charging is considered to be environment and user friendly as the wires and mechanical conn...
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Wireless charging roads equipped with energy storage systems are promising electric vehicle charging solutions by virtue of their strong advantages in time saving and reduced pressure on the existing power infrastructure. Integration of wireless charging roads into the existing electricity market and efficient management of the corresponding energy...
Book
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The design of urban environments is complex and involves diverse needs, organisations, professions, authorities, and communities. It requires relationships to be constructed and sustained between infrastructure, resources, and populations across multiple scales. This can be quite daunting. However, at the core of urban design is a simple idea - our...
Conference Paper
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Enquanto os trabalhos de especificação, pesquisa e desenvolvimento para as redes 6G já se iniciam, a implantação das redes 5G já é realidade em alguns países. Uma das novidades do 5G é o MMTC (Massive Machine-Type Communication), que permitirá até 1 milhão de dispositivos conectados transmitindo pequenas quantidades de dados a baixas taxas de trans...
Conference Paper
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Reliability assessment is essential for risk management of infrastructure systems such as power networks and communication systems. The probability of failure is defined as the probability that the performance function drops below some threshold value. This probability can be estimated efficiently by importance sampling (IS), which performs samplin...
Conference Paper
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At the beginning of the 21st century, smart cities became a favourite concept worldwide. There are many reasons why cities should be redesigned and continuously evolved into smarter ones. Of course, the realization of a smart society requires the cooperation of all stakeholders and various organizations. The concept of smart cities includes tra...
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The use of suitable communication technologies reduces power consumption, operational efficiency of the smart grid (SG), and collaboration between SG aspects from generation to the end-user. This paper aims to investigate an appropriate communication technology for SG. This is the first time to integrate communication technologies and use fuzzy Tec...
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The main objective is to evaluate clinical efficacy and safety of using calcipotriol–betamethasone compounding agent for psoriasis treatment through a systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, The Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), and WanFang Data fr...
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Subterranean aquatic biodiversity loss has exceeded that of surface aquatic systems, and cavefish are a predominant indicator of biodiversity loss. The karst subsurface environment and its biodiversity are generally considered to be fragile and extremely sensitive to environmental disturbances such as hydroelectric projects. Subterranean biodiversi...
Conference Paper
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Critical infrastructure is the backbone of modern societies. To meet increasing demand under resource-constrained and multihazard conditions, policy-makers are tapping into infrastructure resiliency: its capacity to withstand and recover from disruptions. Thus, resiliency-aware uncertainty quantification is key to identify tipping points, yet it re...
Conference Paper
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Infrastructure-mounted sensors that monitor roads can provide essential information for manual drivers and automated vehicles, e.g., positions of other vehicles occluded by buildings. However, human drivers and passengers have to trust and accept their use. This raises the question of how trust can be increased in such a scenario. One important fac...
Conference Paper
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Providing a digital infrastructure, platform technologies foster interfirm collaboration between loosely coupled companies, enabling the formation of ecosystems and building the organizational structure for value co-creation. Despite the known potential, the development of platform ecosystems creates new sources of complexity and uncertainty due to...
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Ski touring on groomed slopes (= slope ski touring) has experienced a boom in recent years. However, investigations in terms of slope ski touring and ski tourers are scarce. Thus, there has been a call for more research that also encompasses stakeholders’ opinions. This study aims to provide deeper insights into the trend of slope ski touring along...
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Monitoring indoor environments in buildings can be a useful tool in improving infrastructure efficiency. Water losses are an important parameter that can be assessed by monitoring water consumption. This paper presents the design and implementation of intelligent buildings for the monitoring of water consumption, which includes both the required ha...
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Hadoop that is a distributed system infrastructure provides a stable and reliable set of interfaces for applications. This paper proposes a Hadoop configuration parameter tuning method H-Tune, it is based on integrated learning modeling and meta-heuristic optimization. The experimental results show that the performance model can accurately predict...
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While the number of deliveries has been increasing rapidly, infrastructure such as parking and building configurations has changed less quickly, given limited space and funds. This may lead to an imbalance between supply and demand, preventing the current resources from meeting the future needs of urban freight activities. The aim of this study was...
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In modern society, system integration that enables multiple subsystems to function as one is emerging in various fields like industry, commerce, and infrastructure. Although it has been proved that integration value could be tapped to the maximum with controllable cost by optimising the integration schemes in certain fields, there is still a lack o...
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Securing an adequate supply of dispatchable resources is critical for keeping a power system reliable under high penetrations of variable generation. Strategic reserves have been used by a range of jurisdictions to procure investment in additional generation reserves given the missing money problem in energy only market designs. Given the growing f...
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The mixed wind climate in mountain terrain includes periodic thermally-developed winds and synoptic winds. The periodic thermally-developed wind is driven by the local thermal and is the most frequent intense wind event in mountain terrain. Based on the long-term multi-point wind data along the main cable of a long-span bridge in a U-shaped canyon,...
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This paper describes and analyses the geography and factors of the neighbourhood satisfaction of the residents of a former post-WWII Soviet closed city in Ukraine – the post-Soviet city of Dnipro (population ca. one million). It is based on a questionnaire survey (n=1248) among adult (18+) inhabitants in Dnipro conducted in early 2018. The results...
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Over the past few years, many public transport companies have launched pilot projects testing the operation of electric buses. The basic objective of these projects is to substitute diesel buses with electric buses within the companies’ daily operations. Despite an extensive media coverage, the share of electric buses deployed still remains very sm...
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The paper presents an ethical analysis and constructive critique of the current practice of AI ethics. It identifies conceptual substantive and procedural challenges and it outlines strategies to address them. The strategies include countering the hype and understanding AI as ubiquitous infrastructure including neglected issues of ethics and justic...
Chapter
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Le débat sur le réchauffement planétaire n’est plus. À la lumière du dernier rapport du groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat (GIEC) en mars 2014, il est maintenant admis par la plupart des détracteurs des changements climatiques que notre planète se réchauffe et que la stabilité saisonnière cède sa place à l’imprévisibilit...
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On 2-3 May 2022 ARIES-Accelerator Research and Innovation for European Science and Society held its last annual conference in CERN summarizing 6 year long effort on the smart development of particle accelerator infrastructures in Europe. The whole series of Integrating Activities on accelerator infrastructures started in 2003 with preparations of C...
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In February 2022, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) established a $6 billion program to support America's clean nuclear energy infrastructure. Before that, in the fourth quarter of 2021, the DOE dedicated $20 million in funding to the technologies that produce clean hydrogen from nuclear power. This approach reinforces producing hydrogen from zer...
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Worldwide, floods are the most common and widespread type of disaster during the 21st century. These phenomena have caused human fatalities, destruction of infrastructures and properties , and other significant impacts associated with human socioeconomic activities. In this study, the exposure of infrastructure (social, industrial and commercial, t...
Conference Paper
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The conference is about the interuniversity cooperation program Proyecto VLIR-UOS "Universidad de Oriente", a twelve-year academic cooperation program developed between Universidad de Oriente, Cuba and five-Flemish Universities. In the presentation you may find information about the objectives, structure and project's goals. The impact of the progr...
Conference Paper
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Tunnel excavation and associated construction activities have the potential to cause damage to the existing environment. There are typical contractual obligations that focus on the necessity of prediction of potential impacts such as settlement, groundwater drawdown, noise and vibration that can cause unfavourable effects and determining their acce...
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Due to the increasing number of vehicles on road, there is a huge demand for communication on move. To reach this demand and to make communication more improved we need to focus on an algorithm which meets its requirements. Here it is observed that VANET (Vehicular ad hoc network) is one type of network which is suitable to this. It creates a tempo...
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Every year, the dynamics of implementation of projects aimed at improving efficiency of energy use is gradually increasing at different levels and in different industries. It has spread in the areas of design, modernization and reconstruction of energy-efficient buildings and structures, design and construction of elements of industrial infrastruct...
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Background: Edaravone alleviates neurological deficits among patients with intracerebral hemorrhage; however, its effects on mortality and long-term functional outcomes remain unknown. Objective: To assess clinical outcomes associated with edaravone initiated within 7 days of symptoms onset in intracerebral hemorrhage. Methods: We systematically se...
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Education means of delivery has been transformed from in person to online learning because of COVID-19. This study assesses factors influencing the use of Google Classroom (GC) in four northern states located in Peninsula Malaysia for lessons during the COVID-19 pandemic among secondary ESL educators. A non-experimental design was employed. Primary...
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A quantum key distribution (QKD) system must fulfill the requirement of universal composability to ensure that any cryptographic application (using the QKD system) is also secure. Furthermore, the theoretical proof responsible for security analysis and key generation should cater to the number $N$ of the distributed quantum states being finite in p...
Thesis
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Water drainage modeling codes need to be updated with parallel simulation capability to leverage modern computational trends. Parallelized finite-difference/volume simulation of 1D networks implies a solution to the network partitioning problem in Graph Theory. Myriad heuristic strategies exist for achieving a valid network partition set, as provin...
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Abstract. Short-term and operational forecast should provide Department of Emergency Situationss and rescuers with accurate data (place, time, force) with a credibility of 100% to reduce material losses and exclude human casual-ties in earthquakes. The forecast should be obtained in a time sufficient to best conduct emergency events: evacuation, st...
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ABSTRACT It can be observed that governments in Nigeria-both federal and state levels have launched various programmes aimed at providing access to micro-credit as strategyfor promoting the development ofSMEs the impact of the credit to SMEs is abysmal. The main thrust of this study is to investigate the effect of microcredit on the growth of SMEs...