Science topic

Information Technology - Science topic

Information technology (IT) is the branch of engineering that deals with the use of computers to store, retrieve and transmit information. The acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of vocal, pictorial, textual and numerical information by a microelectronics-based combination of computing and telecommunications are its main fields.
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Publications related to Information Technology (10,000)
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‘Big Data’ has shown to be a trending catchphrase in modern Information Technology. However, it is hard to define a sharp cut between the classic notion of data and the novelties introduced by the arrival of Big Data. This short paper defines the seven structural elements underlying the concept of Big Data, highlighting the features that make it tr...
Article
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How shall we decide for others who cannot (currently) decide for themselves? And who—or what, in the case of artificial intelligence—should make the decision? The present issue of the journal tackles several interrelated topics, many of them having to do with surrogate decision making. For example, the feature article by Jardas et al. (1) explores...
Article
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Synthetic DNA is a growing alternative to electronic-based technologies in fields such as data storage, product tagging, or signal processing. Its value lies in its characteristic attributes, namely Watson-Crick base pairing, array synthesis, sequencing, toehold displacement and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) capabilities. In this review, we provi...
Article
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As a new alternative fuel vehicle for energy reserve strategy, the development of methanol vehicles in China has been at the forefront. Completed pilot projects have demonstrated that methanol vehicles can effectively reduce fuel costs and pollutant emissions during driving. In addition to methanol vehicles, alternative fuel vehicles such as electr...
Conference Paper
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Homecare services are interested in the provision of care services at home such as treatment, food supply and cleaning to people who have problems at meeting their needs due to an obstruction like illness. Due to the changes in the social structure of communities in recent years, homecare service demand is increasing rapidly. Companies in this indu...
Article
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Background Research to date suggests that information technology use by older adults can be positively associated with social activity, but whether neighbourhood walkability can play a role in this relationship has not been investigated. Aim To assess the associations between information technology use and social activity as well as the moderating...
Article
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Pelo motivo da pandemia por Covid-19, o confinamento em Portugal limitou as atividades sociais dos seniores ao espaço da sua casa. Para o bem-estar físico, mental e social é essencial a inclusão social e digital, bem como, as relações de sociabilidade. Neste período, o isolamento e o afastamento da participação social era preocupante. As Universida...
Article
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Remote learning in pandemic times: an analysis of the difficulties facing graduate students Aprendizaje remoto en tiempos de pandemia: un análisis de las dificultades que enfrentan los estudiantes de posgrado RAFAEL FELIX DA SILVA ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3564-858X Universidade Federal do Paraná Programa de Pós-Graduação em Gestão da Info...
Conference Paper
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The Covid-19 pandemic had considerable economic and financial effects worldwide and caused financial difficulties and audit quality that can significantly lead to a wide range of financial difficulties. So that information technology is needed which is expected to be a solution to the audit process in the Covid-19 pandemic. The purpose of this stud...
Article
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Pelo motivo da pandemia por Covid-19, o confinamento em Portugal limitou as atividades sociais dos seniores ao espaço da sua casa. Para o bem-estar físico, mental e social é essencial a inclusão social e digital, bem como, as relações de sociabilidade. Neste período, o isolamento e o afastamento da participação social era preocupante. As Universida...
Article
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Oh yeah, we're an Agile shop, we gave up Waterfall years ago. "-product owners, managers, or could be anyone else. You will seldom have a conversation with a product or software development team member without the agile buzzword thrown at you at the drop of a hat. It would not be an oversell to say that Agile software development has been adopted a...
Presentation
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Future research directions recommendations in information technology and related. Cultivating the culture of interdisciplinary research.
Article
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Information technology (IT) when mixed with HR has brought about the development of E-HR that agrees to direct Human Resource Management (HRM) exchanges utilizing the information technology apparatuses and web. The fundamental explanation behind numerous associations to embrace IT into HR is because of the expanding weights of financial and serious...
Article
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This study aims to determine the effect of information technology on business agility, in addition to what factors influence it, what parties are involved, and why information technology is needed in a company. Business agility is an ability that companies can use to see and analyze changes to make decisions in an uncertain environment, especially...
Research
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The digital economy is defined as the economy that mainly depends on the economics of information technology and informatics that are based on digital technology, and the digital economy constitutes the modern appearance of the currently developing economy as it is in line with the latest technological developments in the current era. The informati...
Conference Paper
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Now a day's everything is in an era of Information Technology where each one must become IT incumbent and resource oriented. Our day to day life activities revolve around technology, from last few decades it was observed that technology is providing the generation with at most benefit and ease. Therefore, Internet of Things has emerged in the lates...
Preprint
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A strong cyber attack is capable of degrading the performance of any Information Technology (IT) or Operational Technology (OT) system. In recent cyber attacks, credential theft emerged as one of the primary vectors of gaining entry into the system. Once, an attacker has a foothold in the system, they use token manipulation techniques to elevate th...
Article
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This study examines the role of knowledge creation, knowledge sharing and information communication technologies, which are organizational factors that influence the quality of healthcare services. In today’s knowledge-intensive environment, understanding and gaining in-depth knowledge on how to improve the quality of healthcare services is gaining...
Conference Paper
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Agriculture is very important part of economy as well as source to live in India. It provides us food which is basic need of a human along with employment opportunities for rural people on large scale. Agriculture begins in India around 9000BCE. Many technologies are being used to increase the yield of crop. Drought is a natural disaster which dest...
Article
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Organisations spend much money on Information Technology (IT) development and maintenance activities with the intention that these activities will create results that enable benefits for the organisations. This paper seeks to understand potential associations between IT development and maintenance activities and the adoption of benefits management...
Article
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Online learning has become an inevitable mode of learning in the current cyber scenario; however, COVID-19 made it essential to disseminate education through the given method. Therefore, like the rest of the world, Pakistani universities switched to online learning when educational institutions were closed during the pandemic. Such experiences were...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to explore student’s experiences when practicing information technology skills with an online simulation environment. After using the online simulation environment over a five-week period, 215 undergraduate students were surveyed regarding their usage-related experiences, satisfaction with the environment, and perceive...
Article
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Automated emotional facial expression analysis (AEFEA) is used widely in applied research, including the development of screening/diagnostic systems for atypical human neurodevelopmental conditions. The validity of AEFEA systems has been systematically studied, but their test–retest reliability has not been researched thus far. We explored the test...
Article
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This study explores the motivational factors that influence information technology (IT) professionals’ pro-environmental behaviors (PEBs). Based on the self-determination theory (SDT), autonomous and controlled motivations were posited as determinants of PEBs. Besides, the green human resource management (GHRM) literature was integrated to examine...
Preprint
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Advancements in Telemedicine as an approach to healthcare delivery have heralded a new dawn in modern Medicine. Its fast-paced development in our contemporary society is credence to the advances in Artificial Intelligence and Information Technology. This paper carries out a descriptive study to broadly explore AI's implementations in healthcare del...
Article
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Painel do mapa cirúrgico como ferramenta de comunicação e segurança do paciente Surgical map panel as patient safety and communication tool Panel de mapa quirúrgico como herramienta de comunicación y seguridad del paciente RESUMO: Objetivo: Relatar o desenvolvimento e a implementação de um painel de mapa cirúrgico com automação para visualização de...
Article
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The research aims to know the impact of strategic flexibility in its dimensions (competitive flexibility, production flexibility and market flexibility) on the information technology infrastructure in one of the companies of the Ministry of Industry and Minerals, based on the descriptive analytical method. In the General Company for Copper and Mech...
Chapter
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O emprego da Tecnologia da Informação (T.I.) é importante como suporte no processo de tomada de decisões pelos gestores frente às organizações empresariais no mundo moderno cada vez mais competitivo e dinâmico. Pois, com o evento da globalização, acontecem constantes transformações, em um tempo célere, provocando mudanças em todos os setores da eco...
Article
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Surgical map panel as patient safety and communication tool Painel do mapa cirúrgico como ferramenta de comunicação e segurança do paciente Panel de mapa quirúrgico como herramienta de comunicación y seguridad del paciente ABSTRACT: Objective: To report the development and implementation of a surgical map panel with automated view of information ab...
Article
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Background Implementation strategies are aimed at improving guideline adherence. Both effect and process evaluations are conducted to provide insights into the success or failure of these strategies. In our study, we evaluate the nationwide implementation of standardized structured reporting (SSR) in pathology. Methods An interrupted time series a...
Article
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In the era of in-depth application of knowledge technology in the field of education, the teaching mode combining school English teaching and network data technology is widely used in school English education. Teaching resources have become electronic resources under the influence of digital information technology. However, English teaching often i...
Article
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This research aims to determine the effect of re- engineering marketing processes in creating a competitive advantage, and in order to achieve this, the marketing process re-engineering dimension was adopted: (Information Technology Human Resources, Redesign Voice of Customer) and The competitive advantage is expressed in its dimensions: (For...
Article
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Human Resource Management (HRM) practitioners must play multiple roles to achieve both functional and organizational objectives. In the current business environment, Electronic Human Resource Management (E-HRM) is a pervasive application of Information Technology (IT), and its global adoption is now widespread. This study’s primary objective is to...
Conference Paper
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There is a growing concern about environmental degradation due to the organizations' business processes. Green Information Technology (GIT) is an approach for sustainable practices to reduce business operations' impact on the environment. This study aims to determine GIT readiness through a survey deployed small and medium enterprises in the Philip...
Article
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The rapid development of multimedia technology provides technical support for higher education and makes higher education move towards automation and informatization. Multimedia technology has been widely used in the teaching of colleges and universities in China, and the traditional teaching mode will be gradually replaced. Multimedia education is...
Article
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Smart grid solutions enable utilities and customers to better monitor and control energy use via information and communications technology. Information technology is intended to improve the future electric grid’s reliability, efficiency, and sustainability by implementing advanced monitoring and control systems. However, leveraging modern communica...
Article
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Information Technology has rapidly developed in recent years and software systems can play a critical role in the symmetry of the technology. Regarding the field of software testing, white-box unit-level testing constitutes the backbone of all other testing techniques, as testing can be entirely implemented by considering the source code of each Sy...
Conference Paper
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Language Technology (LT) is one of the most powerful mediums in preserving the culture and heritage of a language community. The challenging task is-how culture and heritage can be preserved through language technology by applying some Artificial Intelligent (AI) techniques in terms of Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL). Nowadays, the AI...
Article
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This work intends to combine neural network technology with occupational therapy to fully acquire employees’ emotional information by constructing an effective emotion recognition network. Firstly, the psychological state of employees is discussed from three aspects of leadership narcissism, organizational identification, and the emotional contagio...
Preprint
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We report the largest scale deep learning with High Performance Computing (HPC) to physics analysis with the CMS simulation data in proton-proton collisions at 13 TeV. We build a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) model that takes low-level information as images considering the geometry of the CMS detector and use this model to discriminate \textit...
Article
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With the development of the times, traditional fitness running data collection methods have shown a series of problems, such as low data accuracy, slow collection speed, and insufficient search ability of modeling algorithms. These problems have led to a sharp rise in the difficulty of building a more accurate fitness running data model. Therefore,...
Article
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На сучасному етапі розвитку суспільства до освіти висуваються нові вимоги щодо підвищення рівня самоосвіти й розвитку пізнавальних здібностей здобувачів освіти. Поряд із академічними знаннями в учнів мають формуватися вміння критично мислити, виокремлювати проблеми та знаходити оптимальні шляхи їх вирішення. Прагнення до забезпечення всестороннього...
Article
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Information Technology (IT) has contributed to the development of many areas, including the development of companies and in accordance with the requirements of the free market, so it has become necessary to contribute to the development of the knowledge management system because of its importance in the use and dissemination of knowledge through th...
Article
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The Information Systems Study Program of the Perbanas Institute of Information Technology (FTI) is one of the Information Systems study programs that has a specialty in the world of Banking and Finance. Banking and Financial Information System Course is one of the courses that characterizes this Information System study program. In teaching the ins...
Article
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The Information Technology (IT) workforce is characterized by several unique and contextual factors, such as the technology, the occupation itself, and the human factors. Among the human factors, global information systems (IS) studies have examined the role of national culture to explain many workforce differences and nuances across nations. In su...
Poster
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It makes the entrepreneur to be able to take better decisions in difficult situation. With extensive market research, many entrepreneurs have been able to know the current trends and come out with products and services as per the trend which minimizes the failures. Technology helps businesses maintain data flow, manage contacts, track processes and...
Chapter
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A technology disaster can result in a long-term interruption, a loss of reputation, monetary losses, and the incapacity to continue doing business. Although there is much information regarding disaster recovery and business continuity, there is little research on how firms might use other technology frameworks to help with information technology di...
Article
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In recent years, due to the epidemic, the country is vigorously developing online teaching, which further promotes the development of hybrid English teaching. Online and offline hybrid teaching combines face-to-face classroom and online teaching. Offline traditional classroom and online auxiliary teaching can complement each other. However, in actu...
Conference Paper
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Purpose: Technological advancements, globalization, and crisis situations have compelled society to adopt a virtual platform. In light of this scenario, the purpose of this study was to ascertain the determinants that influence the success of virtual teams and to identify the impact of each determinant on the success of virtual teams' relation to t...
Conference Paper
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Abstract The study uses the lens of the community of practice theory to examine the factors influencing the use of informal M-Health among janitors in Information technology (IT) rich context. Janitors have peculiar job responsibilities and adjoining healthcare needs. However, they are often not allowed formal access to healthcare facilities provid...
Article
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Governance is the word that carries a lot of weightage in all aspects of society. Governance is all about the implementation of rules and regulations without having many deviations. These deviations are not to be accepted because the spirit of implementation will disappear. The government is respected because of its governance and its ability to sa...
Article
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With the development of information technology, improving the efficiency of public services with the help of the Internet has become an important work of local governments. However, under different institutional environments, the impact mechanism of Internet development on the supply efficiency of government public services is still unclear. Based...
Article
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Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) applications have become a vital part for MICE industry. MICE higher education is expected to provide their graduates with essential management knowledge and ICTs operational skills to meet the industry demands on the rise. This empirical study investigates the perceptions of employability skills fo...
Article
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General ontology is a prominent theoretical foundation for information technology analysis, design, and development. Ontology is a branch of philosophy which studies what exists in reality. A widely used ontology in information systems , especially for conceptual modeling, is the BWW (Bunge-Wand-Weber), which is based on ideas of the philosopher an...
Article
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To further improve university students’ English comprehensive quality and knowledge level, a kind of information analysis and evaluation system based on the English course was put forward and designed. The construction of the informatization learning environment was explored from the perspective of ESP theory, combining with the existing problems o...
Book
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This book gathers selected papers presented at the conference “Advances in 3D Image and Graphics Representation, Analysis, Computing and Information Technology,” one of the first initiatives devoted to the problems of 3D imaging in all contemporary scientific and application areas. The two volumes of the book cover wide area of the aspects of the c...
Article
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Dental anxiety in children is a well-documented problem in the scientific literature. Tools mediated by Information Technology have been shown to positively influence children’s mood based on distraction as well as relaxing activities. We propose an empirical method of codesign with children to generate app content for reducing dental anxiety. The...
Article
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Information Technology is now a revolution due to its user dependence for various services available over Internet through cloud computing (CC). The usability is now reached to nearly 60% of globally population. The number is increasing rapidly everyday due to its services in low cost. It is becoming a challenge to manage the load, speed, computing...
Presentation
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Locus of Control and Health-related Physical Fitness in (14 – 15) Year Old Jordanian Children Dr. Jafar Faris AL arjan Faculty of Prince Abdullah bin ghazi for science & Information Technology Al- Balqa Applied University Dr. Mervat Ahed Deeb Princess alia University College. Al- Balqa Applied University  Abstract: This research aimed to recogniz...
Article
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Political and ideological online teaching is a new thing integrating political and ideological theory teaching and artificial intelligence information technology. In order to effectively improve the quality of political and ideological online teaching, this paper aims to make an in-depth study on the application of artificial intelligence technolog...
Chapter
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O pescado produzido na aquicultura tem sido fundamental para o abastecimento global de proteína animal na alimentação humana. No Brasil a aquicultura vem crescendo e para que se consolide se faz necessária a informatização no processo de produção do pescado no campo, no processamento que ocorre na indústria desde o recebimento da matéria prima até...
Book
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Trata-se de uma obra transdisciplinar, com enfoque na aplicação de agrotecnologias e tecnologias da informação às Ciências Agrárias, mais especificamente abordando o emprego e difusão de tecnologias no Agronegócio, com a finalidade de proporcionar Sustentabilidade nos sistemas de produção animal. A publicação contempla várias áreas de conhecimento,...
Article
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In music learning, the mobilization of students’ learning subjectivity needs the correct guidance of music teachers. Under the correct guidance of music teachers, students can exert their subjective initiative to realize the role of the main body of learning. In music classes, high-quality contact between teachers and students is required to meet t...
Article
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In the present era of technology it has been simpler to deal with the disaster both natural and man made. Disaster Management activities rely upon substantial volumes of precise, applicable, on-time geo information that different organization systematically make and maintain. Information Technology is changing each part of human life. Disaster mana...
Conference Paper
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Services are often provided as hybrids containing digital (e.g., online-registration) and physical (e.g., on-site appointment) service components. We lack appropriate instruments that could measure the quality of hybrid services across different types of organizations. Building on prior literature in service quality measurement, we develop and vali...
Article
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The management of transport logistics in industries is a good opportunity to implement sustainable organizational management practices. All over the world, the great concentration of cargo transport by land modal raises the cost of sustainable management of transport logistics, favoring the development of models about the impact of Information Tech...
Article
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This study aims to determine the short-term and long-term effects of trade, inflation, exchange rates, and information technology on international tourist visits in Indonesia. This study uses a quantitative approach within the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) technique. The data used in this study are annual time series data of Indonesia trade,...
Article
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Disasters cause catastrophic events that lead to fatalities, damage, and social disturbance. Hydrological and meteorological disasters have an enormous impact worldwide. The impact of IT (Information Technology) in managing these disasters has been neglected. This study is intended to reveal the worldwide research status of hydro-meteorological dis...
Article
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A empresa é o principal lugar da pesquisa científica e tecnológica nos países que conseguem fazer do conhecimento o motor do desenvolvimento. Nos Estados Unidos, 72% dos pesquisadores em tempo integral são empregados de empresas. Na China, 61%; na Coreia do Sul, 82%; na Alemanha, 60%, na França, 62%, no Reino Unido 40%. Nos 27 países da União Europ...
Article
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Background Individuals working in the information technology (IT) industry are likely to develop lifestyle disorders. We aimed to determine the presence of defaecation-related disorders in IT personnel in Chennai. Methods This cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was done from June to December 2018. We included employees between 18 and 60 ye...
Article
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The study examined the influence of information technology, organizational structure, and stakeholder involvement on supplier order fulfilment in public procurement. The study motivation was derived on the continued failure by most suppliers to deliver accurate, complete, and timely orders to Procuring and Disposing Entities (PDEs) which has result...