Science topic

Infectious Diseases - Science topic

Infectious diseases, also known as contagious diseases or transmissible diseases, and include communicable diseases, comprise clinically evident illness (i.e., characteristic medical signs and/or symptoms of disease) resulting from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic biological agents in an individual host organism.
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Publications related to Infectious Diseases (10,000)
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Background Infectious disease diagnostics often requires sensitive molecular assays that identify at both genus and species levels. For large scale screening, such as malaria screening for elimination, diagnostic assay can be a challenge, as both the throughput and cost of the assay must be considered. The requirement of nucleic acid extraction ham...
Article
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Infectious Disease Surveillance (IDS) in the community is essential to prevent, control, and detect outbreaks. A strong surveillance system is a need of time for low to middle-income countries like Pakistan where around half of the reported deaths are due to infections that can be easily prevented in the presence of a surveillance system. Although...
Article
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Background: During the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, antibiotic usage among COVID-19 patients was noted to be high in many countries. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of antibiotic usage and factors affecting antibiotic usage among COVID-19 patients during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia. Me...
Article
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Histone 3 lysine 27 (H3K27) demethylation constitutes an important epigenetic mechanism of gene activation. It is mediated by the Jumonji C domain-containing lysine demethylases KDM6A and KDM6B, both of which have been implicated in a wide myriad of diseases, including blood and solid tumours, autoimmune and inflammatory disorders, and infectious d...
Article
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Background Forecasting healthcare demand is essential in epidemic settings, both to inform situational awareness and facilitate resource planning. Ideally, forecasts should be robust across time and locations. During the COVID-19 pandemic in England, it is an ongoing concern that demand for hospital care for COVID-19 patients in England will exceed...
Article
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Objective To disseminate the portable sequencer MinION in developing countries for the main purpose of battling infectious diseases, we found a consortium called Global Research Alliance in Infectious Diseases (GRAID). By holding and inviting researchers both from developed and developing countries, we aim to train the participants with MinION’s op...
Article
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The neuraminidase (NA) is an abundant antigen at the surface of influenza virions. Recent studies have highlighted the immune-protective potential of NA against influenza and defined anti-NA antibodies as an independent correlate of protection. Even though NA head domain changes at a slightly slower pace than hemagglutinin (HA), NA is still subject...
Article
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Disease resilience, defined as an animal’s ability to maintain productive performance in the face of infection, provides opportunities to manage the polymicrobial challenge common in pig production. Disease resilience can deliver a number of benefits, including more sustainable production as well as improved animal health and the potential for redu...
Article
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People living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWH) have significantly increased risk for cardiovascular disease in part due to inflammation and immune dysregulation. Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP), the age-related acquisition and expansion of hematopoietic stem cells due to leukemogenic driver mutations, increases risk f...
Article
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Infectious diseases in livestock are well-known to infect multiple hosts and persist through a combination of within- and between-host transmission pathways. Uncertainty remains about the epidemic dynamics of diseases being introduced on farms with more than one susceptible host species. Here, we describe multi-host contact networks and elucidate t...
Article
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Monkeypox has a very prominent regional epidemic. It has been confined to Western and Central African countries. Sporadic cases found in countries outside Africa generally have a history of sojourn in endemic areas. However, the recent multinational outbreak of monkeypox cases in Europe in early May 2022 has revealed a changing epidemiological tren...
Article
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Background Substantial research is underway to develop next-generation interventions that address current malaria control challenges. As there is limited testing in their early development, it is difficult to predefine intervention properties such as efficacy that achieve target health goals, and therefore challenging to prioritize selection of nov...
Article
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Background In-person mass gathering events (MGE) are returning after a period of restrictions, yet few prospective scientific evaluations of their safety are available. Methods Prospective observational study, including both attendees of the French Intensive Care Society (FICS) annual meeting held in Paris between June the 9th and June the 11th, 2...
Article
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The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of infectious diseases on trade and economic growth in 88 countries (44 developed countries and 44 developing countries). Annual panel data from 1996 to 2018 are examined using the Pedroni panel cointegration test in order to check the existence of a long-run relationship; FMOLS, DOLS, and the VECM...
Article
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Purpose of review: Many new concepts in diagnosis, management, and risk stratification of patients with pneumonia have been described recently. The COVID pandemic made importance of viruses as dangerous pathogens of pneumonia quite clear while several non-invasive measures for patients with respiratory failure gained a more wide-spread usage. Rec...
Article
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La actual transición epidemiológica que atraviesa la humanidad se caracteriza por la (re)emergencia de agentes infecciosos en la población humana y/o enfermedades infecciosas que se creían controladas o limitadas a ciertas regiones geográficas (Santosa et al. 2014). Las causas de esta (re)emergencia abarcan cambios antrópicos de los ecosistemas (mi...
Technical Report
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DOCUMENTO DE CONSENSO SOBRE MANEJO DE LA VIRUELA DEL MONO EN PACIENTES AMBULATORIOS Coordinación: Francisco Javier Membrillo de Novales. Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica (SEIMC) Paloma Navas Gutiérrez. Sociedad Española de Medicina Preventiva, Salud Pública y Gestión Sanitaria (SEMPSPGS). Han participado en...
Article
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This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological features of reported tuberculosis (TB) infections in a western prefecture (Nagasaki Prefecture) from 2007 to 2018, and to identify the high-risk group for TB infection. The characteristics of 12 years of reported TB infections from the Nagasaki Prefectural Informational Center of Infectious Diseas...
Article
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Introduction Health care professionals working in primary and specialized care typically search for medical information from Internet sources. In Finland, Physician’s Databases are online portals aimed at professionals seeking medical information. As dosage errors may occur when prescribing medication to children, professionals’ need for reliable m...
Article
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Objective The objective of this study was the visualization of hot spots and evolving trends in research on the association between vitamin D and infections through the use of bibliometric analysis. Methods Based on 3046 relevant articles collected in the Web of Science Core Collection for the period of 2001–2021, the data were processed using Cit...
Preprint
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The logically deduced conception of the pathological manifestations that follow infection with SARS-CoV-2 as manifestations of a single transmissible disease that this coronavirus causes disagrees with experience and poses insurmountable difficulties. But a new concept of the nature of infectious diseases emerges upon illustrating reality with a su...
Article
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Infectious diseases are a leading cause of death worldwide, more especially in low and middle-income countries, particularly in young children. It has been reported that in Africa, more than 70.0% of deaths among children under 5 are caused by infectious diseases.
Article
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Purpose As COVID-19 disease progresses, the host inflammatory response contributes to hypoxemia and severe and critical illness. In these latter stages of disease, patients may benefit from immunomodulatory therapies to control the aberrant host inflammatory response. In this review, we provide an overview of these therapies and provide summaries o...
Article
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The study presented in this article is about the role played by imagination when national and international organisations convey the idea of a dystopian crisis involved in the real transition to a postantibiotic era. The present is an era that can be defined as a time when no new antibiotics are discovered or developed, and existing antibiotics sim...
Article
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Background Empiric prescription to treat infectious diseases in community care settings has caused antibiotics to be overprescribed, increasing antimicrobial resistance (AMR). To reduce antibiotics prescription, the use of point-of-care diagnostic testing (POCT) has been suggested. Methods We present a stylized static theoretical economic model to...
Article
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Naskah ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan signifikansi Islamisme dalam ilmu kesehatan terutama pada pandemi kontemporer COVID-19. Tujuan pertama dan terpenting dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bahwa amalan Islam sehari-hari adalah pencegahan yang lebih baik bagi orang-orang untuk dibebaskan dari penyakit yang disebabkan oleh COVID-19 dan...
Article
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Background: Since December 2019, the Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has challenged the world. In this descriptive study, we aim to share the clinical information of 427 Iranian COVID-19 patients. Methods: The different information on COVID-19 patients who were hospitalized from 24 February 2020 to 1 April 2020 was anal...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has created increased need for telehealth appointments. To assess differences in appointment adherence for telehealth compared to in-person HIV medical care visits, we conducted a cross-sectional study of patients receiving HIV care in a safety-net hospital-based outpatient infectious disease clinic in a large urban area (Chic...
Article
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Lilin Liu,1,* Huiqin Wu,2,* Jianghong Liang,3,* Wenhao Wu,3 Ye Peng,4 Hua Zhou,5 Xi Li3 1Department of Infectious Diseases, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310016, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Clinical Laboratory, The Third Hospital of Quzhou, Quzhou, Zhejiang, 321000, People’s...
Article
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COVID-19 has a mild clinical course with low mortality rate in general pediatric population, while variable outcomes have been described in children with cancer. Infectious diseases working party of the AIEOP collected data on the clinical characteristics and outcomes of SARS-CoV-2 infections in pediatric oncology/hematology patients from April 202...
Article
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To recover from the adverse impacts of COVID-19 on construction and to avoid further losses to the industry in future pandemics, the resilience of construction industry needs to be enhanced against infectious diseases. Currently, there is a gap for modelling frameworks to simulate the spread of infectious diseases in construction projects at micro-...
Article
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Zhiman Xie,1,* Jie Zhou,2,3,* Fang Lu,2,3,* Sufang Ai,1 Hao Liang,2– 4 Ping Cui,2,4 Jianyan Lin,1 Jiegang Huang2,3 1Nanning Infectious Disease Hospital Affiliated to Guangxi Medical University & The Fourth People’s Hospital of Nanning, Nanning, Guangxi, 530023, People’s Republic of China; 2Guangxi Key Laboratory of AIDS Prevention and Treatment & G...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in widespread telehealth expansion. To determine telehealth uptake and potential sociodemographic differences in utilization among people with HIV (PwH), we examined HIV care appointments at the University of Chicago Medicine, an urban tertiary hospital. Visits between March 15th and September 9th for 2019 and 2020 we...
Article
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Background and Objectives. Being an enterically transmitted pathogen with a growing prevalence in developed countries, hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection remains an underdiagnosed disease in Eastern Europe. As far as Romania is concerned, only a few studies address this issue. Our goal was to estimate the prevalence of serum anti-HEV IgA/IgM/IgG ant...
Article
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El presente texto busca aportar una visión social y humanística a la cuestión de las enfermedades infecciosas durante la Prehistoria. Pese a que la literatura científica no ha indagado especialmente en la temática de los cuidados humanos por causas diversas, resulta evidente que en lo que respecta a las patologías infecciosas del pasado sí ha suced...
Article
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A Covid-19, é uma doença infecciosa pandêmica, denominada pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS). As consequências na função física e na capacidade de exercício dos pacientes após o período de hospitalização podem durar após a alta da Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Nesse sentido, as lesões afetam diretamente o sistema musculoesquelético promo...
Article
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Infectious diseases drive countries to provide vaccines to individuals. Due to the limited supply of vaccines, individuals prioritize receiving vaccinations worldwide. Although, priority groups are formed based on age groupings due to the restricted decision-making time. Governments usually ordain different health protocols such as lockdown policy,...
Article
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Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common febrile illness caused by enteroviruses in the Picornaviridae family. The major symptoms of HFMD are fever and a vesicular rash on the hand, foot, or oral mucosa. Acute meningitis and encephalitis are observed in rare cases. HFMD epidemics occur annually in Japan, usually in the summer season. Relati...
Chapter
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Desde la década de 1880, el desarrollo de la bacteriología implicó importantes transformaciones en las prácticas médicas, así como en la configuración del campo sanitario en sus múltiples dimensiones cognitivas, tecnológicas, políticas y profesionales. Estos cambios —sucedidos en un lapso de unas pocas décadas— tuvieron su origen en Francia y Alema...
Article
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Quarantine imposed due to COVID-19 infection can exacerbate psychological distress, and it is important for a public mental health agency to identify factors that are predictive of high psychological distress in such situation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether gender, age, and the presence or absence of infectious disease symptoms a...
Cover Page
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This book has been written with the aim of providing adequate knowledge for the healthcare provider to identify, diagnose and treat the conditions effectively, thereby, preventing and reducing infections and infectious diseases. This book has 12 chapters that detail the conditions and future course of management. Each chapter can be used independen...
Article
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Abstract Stroke is the major cause of disability and death in sub-Saharan African countries. The presence and severity of complications play a major role in the outcome of stroke. Stroke associated pneumonia is often noticed post stroke infection that has been linked to an increased risk of hospital mortality, a longer hospital stay and higher heal...
Article
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Infectious diseases are associated with a high morbidity and mortality rate among pediatric cancer patients undergoing treatment or receiving a transplant. Neutropenia represents a potentially fatal complication of cancer treatment and is associated with a high risk of developing bacterial infections. Although febrile neutropenia (FN) can affect bo...
Article
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A population pharmacokinetic analysis of dalbavancin was conducted in patients with different infection sites. Non-linear mixed effect modeling was used for pharmacokinetic analysis and covariate evaluation. Monte Carlo simulations assessed the probability of target attainment (PTA) of total dalbavancin concentration ≥ 8.04 mg/L over time (associat...
Article
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The rapid development of the social economy and science and technology has led to more frequent transnational movements of people, goods and vehicles. At the same time, various cross-border risks have significantly increased. The rapid global spread and continuous mutation of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) have again exposed the international...
Article
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With SARS-CoV-2 infection, pregnant women may be at a high risk of severe disease and adverse perinatal outcomes. A COVID-19 vaccination campaign represents the key strategy to combat the pandemic; however, public acceptance of maternal immunization has to be improved, which may be achieved by highlighting the promising mechanism of passive immunit...
Article
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Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease (TMID or TropicalMed) was established in 2016 [...]
Article
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Emerging and relapsing infectious diseases pose a huge health threat to human health and a new challenge to global public health. Rapid, sensitive and simple diagnostic tools are keys to successful management of infectious patients and containment of disease transmission. In recent years, international research on Clustered Regularly Interspaced Sh...
Article
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The rapid and widespread spread of infectious disease outbreaks in society is influenced by two main factors, namely physical conditions and behavior (behavior). Infectious disease is an epidemic that is being handled seriously by the Bandung City Government, West Java Province. This study examines the Social Behavior Communication Change (SBCC) ap...
Article
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Citation: Kagoné, M.; Mpinga, E.K.; Dupuis, M.; Moussa-Pham, M.-S.A.; Srour, M.L.; Grema, M.S.M.; Zacharie, N.-B.; Baratti-Mayer, D. Noma: Experiences of Survivors, Opinion Leaders and Healthcare Professionals in Burkina Faso. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2022, 7, 142. https://doi. Abstract: The scientific literature on noma (Cancrum Oris) has clearly i...
Article
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Resistance of bacteria to antibiotics is an inevitable consequence of long-term exposure to sub lethal drug concentrations, and the problem has been greatly exacerbated by inappropriate use. Resistance can be conferred by chromosomal mutations that are passed on in normal cell division (vertical gene transfer) or by horizontal gene transfer process...
Article
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Infectious diseases have always been a major threat to the survival of humanity. Additionally, they bring an enormous economic burden to society. The conventional methods for bacteria identification are expensive, time-consuming and laborious. Therefore, it is of great importance to automatically rapidly identify pathogenic bacteria in a short time...
Article
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Propolis has gained wide popularity over the last decades in several parts of the world. In parallel, the literature about propolis composition and biological properties increased markedly. A great number of papers have demonstrated that propolis from different parts of the world is composed mainly of phenolic substances, frequently flavonoids, der...
Article
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Organizations use social media to increase their salience social network, establish relations with the public online, and increase organizations’ interest. The social media partnership built not merely engage employees in the company, nevertheless it moreover empowers employees. Because of the advantages associated with social media, it is becoming...
Article
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Background: Antibiotic resistance is one of the main public health problems worldwide. One key tool to optimize antibiotic prescription is medical training. The aim of this study is to compare the impact of training in infectious diseases on students' knowledge of the antibiotic resistance problem and the rational use of antibiotics. Methods: We...
Technical Report
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Der globale Klimawandel hat viele Auswirkungen: Er führt zu einem wärmeren Klima mit erhöhter Hitze- und solarer UV-Belastung insbesondere bei Arbeiten im Freien. Es können Überträger von Infektionskrankheiten (Vektoren) und invasive Arten mit Allergenen pflanzlicher oder tierischer Herkunft neu oder vermehrt auftreten. Die Häufigkeit von Extremwet...
Article
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Background The SARS-CoV-2 virus is responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic. To better understand the evolution of SARS-CoV-2 early in the pandemic in the Province of Cordoba, Argentina, we performed a comparative genomic analysis of SARS-CoV-2 strains detected in survivors and non-survivors of COVID-19. We also carried out an epidemiological study to...
Article
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Social restrictions effectively interrupted the typical respiratory virus circulation. The aim of this report is to describe how atypical pneumonia bacteria detections have changed during the COVID-19 pandemic in Finnish children. Bordetella pertussis, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae findings were gathered from the National Infectio...
Article
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The current epidemiological transition makes us wonder how the parallel of infectious diseases (IDs) might be at the end of each passing year. Yet, the surveillance of these IDs continues to focus on high-profile diseases of public health importance without keeping track of the broad spectrum of the IDs we face. Here, we presented the prevalence of...
Article
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Deforestation represents one of the biggest problems in land use globally. The rapid deforestation of the world has threatened the survival of about 70% of the bird species. Deforestation harms bird population. In this study we've take a closer look at the effects of deforestation on birds. Habitat loss is one of the main environment reasons for th...
Article
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Vaccines are one of the most significant medical interventions in the fight against infectious diseases. Since their discovery by Edward Jenner in 1796, vaccines have reduced the worldwide transmission to eradication levels of infectious diseases, including smallpox, diphtheria, hepatitis, malaria, and influenza. However, the complexity of developi...
Conference Paper
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La Covid-19, une maladie infectieuse de type zoonose causée par un virus de la souche SARS-CoV-2, a affaibli la plupart des secteurs d’activités y compris celui de la finance. La digitalisation envisagée comme une technologie sans contact présente l’avantage de contourner le virus et d’assurer l’essentiel des services de la finance, notamment dans...
Preprint
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Infectious disease has been a major cause of death throughout human history. The human cultural evolution framework assumes that these stress variables have broadly shaped human psychology. However, how it affects basic cognitive components is largely unknown. Using historical data from the past century in the US, UK, Italy, and China, the research...