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As IEC 61131-3 standard for PLC programming languages defines a few of them, it will be useful to learn what our colleagues apply for PLC programming.
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The ladder
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Demographers estimate that by 2050, the number of people on Earth will reach 10 billion. With such a number of people, the agricultural economy, logistics of food supplies and people's eating habits will have to change. It is likely that economics will force these processes, which will result in the transition of the majority of humanity to nutrition mainly based on vegetable and vegetarian diets. Meat production is many times more expensive than the production of cereals, fruits and vegetables. In addition, according to scientific research and the theory of futurologists, the production of traditional meat, e.g. pork and beef, may be replaced by the production of protein from insect breeding. Research shows that there are more proteins in the bodies of insects than in traditional meat dishes. In addition, the logistics of food supplies, agri-food products will have to improve. Systems for matching agricultural and reptile production to the current needs of the industry and the nutritional needs of people will be improved so as to reduce the scale of food wastage. The biggest threat to the implementation of this plan may be unexpected atmospheric phenomena, natural disasters, droughts, hurricanes, tropical heat in the areas in which agricultural crops have been cultivated so far. In addition, industrial exploitation of arable land and climate change causes soil depletion and the disintegration of areas suitable for agricultural production. Therefore, it will be necessary to continue the technological progress in the production of crops, in biotechnology, in the creation of new plant varieties resistant to pests and adverse climatic changes.
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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With rising income food consumption patterns also change. Calorie intakes of poor and rich people are surprisingly similar, but rich people consume more protein. This adds about a further 1 percent growth to food demand which means that the world will need to produce approximately two percent more food annually if today’s poor become rich. The growth of supply needed for the future about 2 percent annually has to come mainly from available farmland to avoid an overly negative impact on fragile ecosystems. This requires finance, investments, innovation, and knowledge to improve the yields at existing farmlands. The yield gap between what’s needed and what’s being produced is still very high. On the other hand, reducing food waste can have a significant impact on the availability of food. Reducing food waste can improve the efficiency of food value chains and help to distribute food more evenly to those in need.
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Hello,
I am a Master in Management student currently interning at a leading Industrial Automation company.
I need to do a business strategy thesis which brings together the fields of IIoT Platforms, with KPIs and/or AI. Please suggest some good topics.
Thank you.
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Thank you for your response, sir. Are you suggesting evaluation of business models of current IIoT platforms?
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Hello,
I am a Master in Management student currently interning at a leading Industrial Automation company.
I need to do a business strategy thesis which brings together the fields of IIoT Platforms, with KPIs and/or AI. Please suggest some good topics.
Thank you.
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In agreement with Anatol Badach, Digital Twin is important.
Edge Computing with embedded AI and IoT, system on a chip, could be considered. Look at data on processor Sony IMX500, it exemplifies what is possible and what you might aim for
Does it help🤔?
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Can anybody suggest any literature on cloud computing for industrial automation?
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Deploy Flexible Cloud-based Automation Solutions, Fast and Easy
Learn how every industry can benefit from the latest software technologies to improve automation system performance and leverage digital twins for robust remote monitoring and better preventative maintenance. See how implementation time is substantially cut, while improving reliability.
Implementing these solutions often brings connectivity challenges across a variety of equipment and software platforms, adding time to deploy a working solution...
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i built an arena model for this assignment yet the report data is not convincing , can anyone help me
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At present, the dominant opinion is that artificial intelligence will find many applications in IT, teleinformatics, internet new media, robotics, industrial automation etc. in the 21st century.
There are many potential applications. On the other hand, there are research concepts that there will not be one artificial intelligence but many different versions and levels of artificial intelligence.
In view of the above, the current question is: What will be the potential uses of artificial intelligence in the future?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Hello everyone,
We are developing a Automated Guided Vehicle(AGV) for industries. We have developed a prototype which is working very well using embedded arduino board. Now we want to mass produce this model for the market. We are not sure which Micro-controller board to use other than development boards and PLCs. We don't want to use PLCs since they are expensive and will increase the cost of our product. Some people told the same embedded arduino mega can be used for production model also with proper protection from dust,humidity etc which are common in industries. Yet we are not sure so we looking for boards which we can use in our AGV. We also don't have in-house capability to develop the board on ourself. So can anyone suggest any company or product (specifically Micro-controller ) for us to use in industrial automation other than development boards
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We used Galil PLC in our experiments, but It was expensive. Then I tried to make our own PLC based on Arduino. For beginning Arduino is good. If you will add any functions the better variant is mini PC.
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Since the methods used in industry are more reliable than the ones presented in academic papers, I need to know the most commonly used adaptive PID control ( sometimes it is refered to as self tuning PID).
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Thank you very much for your useful information. I assume that the method you are talking about performs the auto-tuning periodically (or can be done manually by the operator). I think the method is simple. and as you said most of industrial PLCs have auto tuning function.
but auto tuning in the middle of the process (not at the beginning of the process) might cause some problems such as trips.
I wonder if there is a widely used commercial (industrial) method available which performs continuous PID tuning (it could be adaptive control involving system identification)?
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I have got a defects subtracted image using python and openCV. Now I want to send a digital signal to an actuator to take necessary actions when a defect is detected. How can I do that? I wish to use raspberry pi for this project.
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We are starting a project where we are looking at the effects of automation on employment and working conditions in Norway. We are looking for both empirical studies on the effects of automation in other countries and theoretical contributions that explain how automation affects employment and working conditions. We are primarily interested in social science studies, especially within economics and innovation studies. But suggestions about other studies from related fields are also very much welcomed. We appreciate any suggestion that you might have.
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See the attached survey.
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In most of factories we have different systems and devices, as an example, in a procelain factory we have different furnaces, ball mills, presses and etc...
Also in most of factories the proceture of production is not completely automated. Some of them are done by human labor forces.
What I need to know is that how can we design a mpc controller in order to improve the overall production of the company?
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An accurate model for the process should be designed first. Depending on the nature of the system, you can design the structure of the model. To learn and testify the model parameters, you need to get input-output data from the system. You can design models based on fuzzy and neural networks as it can perfectly simulate most of nonlinear systems. After that, a model predictive control can be designed based on the obtained model.
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From your view, what are the main challenges to be faced by researchers in conducting researches related to Fourth Industrial Revolution?
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One big challenge is to upgrade the existing industrial equipment to a level of I4.0, because the laws and requirements of I4.0 can be easily made available to the upcoming machines and hardware/software. If a new product is to be manufactured today the I4.0 capabilities can be imparted fair and simple but not every industry will be willing to simply discard its old machines and hardware and buy new I4.0 compatible ones. Doing this is not profitable to them at all, thus a great challenge for researchers is to bring their existing machines to a level of compatability of I4.0. This will make the industrial transition smooth.
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Hello,
Please can you suggest me a method which can I use for how to blow optimal quantity of Oxygen for steel-making (I don't have any senzor...the only thing, now, that I have is a light-meter for blowing).
Thanks a lot,
Andreea
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Hi Andreea,
You can do a simple mass balance to determine the theoretical oxygen required for refining process. In BOF, you can assume that every mole of oxygen injected into the furnace participate in the reaction (No oxygen escapes). Oxygen is used in the following oxidation reactions:
1. C to CO and CO2
2. Si to SiO2
3. Mn to MnO , P to P2O5
4. Other impurities such as Ti, V oxidation
5. Fe to FeO and Fe2O3
6. some oxygen dissolved in steel
You need to know the composition of hot metal and steel. If you assume a certain CO/ CO2 ratio, you can able to calculate the amount of oxygen needed for oxidation of impurities (C, Si, Mn , P etc.) Fix the basicity ( CaO/ SiO2) and end blow slag FeO to determine the slag weight and the oxygen needed for Fe oxidation. If you add up all the oxygen utilized for impurity oxidation, post combustion, Fe oxidation and dissoluted oxygen, you should able to estimate the theoretical oxygen requirement for the refining process.
Note:
some plants add iron oxide as coolant, then you need to consider the additional oxygen that comes from the iron oxide.
I would suggest you to go through the steeluniversity website to know more about the material and heat balance for the BOF process. (download the user guide)
Hope this explanation helps.
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Sustainable pro-ecological industry development based on the concept of green economy consists in changing the business model that takes into account the following issues:
- reduction of production maximizing the quantity and activation of qualitative production,
- minimization of negative externalities, including generation of production waste polluting the environment,
- maximizing the recovery of secondary raw materials, development of recycling,
- implementation of saving and purification systems used for the production of water in a closed circuit,
- transition to renewable energy sources as a source of electricity for production processes,
- taxation of production plants, imposition on the production company of the costs necessary to carry out the reclamation of devastated environment as a secondary effect of the production process,
- improvement of employees motivation instruments to invent, design proecological technological improvements of the production process and development of ecological innovations.
In view of the above, I would like to ask you: What other determinants of sustainable pro-ecological industrial development can be mentioned in addition to the above?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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I think future products need to be designed Completely with sustainability in mind. What I mean by this is understanding the secondary use or degration of all components And not using materials that can’t be recycled.
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Should the age of master's certificate (MSc, MEng. Mtech, M.A, M.S, M.Ed etc ) be used to determine PhD enrollment ?
This question is very crucial at a time like this, I wish to know if someone that have obtained his/her Master's degree in the past 15 years or above 20 years ago be allowed to enroll for PhD nowadays if the person is not in academic setting or system.
Won't the knowledge acquired and the system he/she used during his Master's degree in the past 15 years be regarded as outdated, obsolete and archaic.
It is very certain that the person can no longer align his/her expertise to this current and contemporary technological development especially when everyone is yearning and craving for industrial 4.0 in all ramification of fields.
I will like to get your views on this.
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I do not think so. But it depends on the regulations in different universities.
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There is a need to automate several industrial tasks which may require a number of humans and robots to perform it. Some can be done only using robots. Say there is a task X. My output looks like: Task X can be done if around 4 robots are assigned to it or 1 human and 1 robot are assigned to it. My input will describe the task based on which an algorithm will compute the desired output.
So basically could you share some research work where resource requirement for industrial tasks are modeled mathematically or even empirically? Or could you point to some existing algorithms in the domain of industrial engineering or otherwise where researchers have tackled the problem of identifying how much resources need to be thrown on a task to finish it successfully?
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I follow answers
regards
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The Green IoT offers excellent platform to support Industrial Automation using Humanoid Robotics in Cyber Physical Systems and Critical Infrastructures.
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Dear Eduard,
I suggest you to see links in topic.
-Innovation Potentials and Pathways Merging AI, CPS, and IoT - MDPI
-A blockchain future to Internet of Things security: A position paper ...
-The Internet of Robotic Things: A review of concept ... - SAGE Journals
-Industry 4.0: the fourth industrial revolution - guide to Industrie 4.0
-Mobile Cyber Physical Systems: Current Challenges ... - IEEE Xplore
-Prospects of robotics in food industry - Scielo.br
-The Future Internet of Things and Security of its Control Systems - arXiv
-Robotics and industrial automation enabled by 5G - Ericsson
Best regards
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Would any know how to get a reliable open source Modbus TCP/IP C++ library? I have searched websites such a GitHub, CodePlex, Sourceforge, CodeForge, but i cant seem to find one written in C++. When i do come across Modbus TCP/IP C++ it has a price associated with it. If anyone has worked with a Modbus TCP/IP C++ open source library and can point me to the right direction where i might find it i would greatly appreciate it.
Sincerely,
Yuri Dobryansky
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In the conventional start/stop relay circuit, an additional ("holding") contact is connected in parallel to the start push button.
But what do we do when there is no such an additional contact? Or if there is no contact at all (for example, instead of a relay there is a solenoid)? Can we still make a "relay latch" with simple means?
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yes quite simply using a push-to-hold button (or a spst switch). Pardon my joke but I could not contain the joy ..
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This is really more about your initial gut feeling :)
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There are different terms used in academic and industry - in the United States many speak about "Smart Manufacturing" and in Canada "Intelligent Manufacturing", while Europe and Asia tend to use "Industry 4.0". The most important aim of Industry 4.0 as 4th Industrial Revolution, as defined first in Germany, is to bring modern and emerging technologies under one umbrella and to encourage industrial companies to implement them in a systematical and structural way. It is like many years ago with Lean, when a lot of different Lean methods were put together under the umbrella of the so called Holistic or Lean Production Systems in order to give firms a guideline for implementation.
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We need to know about the companies activity in Establishing a terminal for supplying agricultural products in some countries?
Software infrastructure - hardware such as processing industry - cold store - warehouse - actual and potential output of agricultural products
Could you help me to find a proposal in this subject in this countries :
Turkey - Georgia - India and so on
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There is a lot of information available on the Internet. Most of them require classification. Certainly, you need to spend a lot of time for this purpose.
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For example see the attached image for his own design for a silly car that is magnetically pushed over a railway to decrease friction.
Please notice the side designs for the jet engine and control boards!
I cannot say to him that this will never work at the same time I do not want to lie at him and say this is a great design. what shall I do, please advice.
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He needs encouragement from you. His future is bright, so do not worry about whatever he designs now. Encourage him by providing him with children scientific books, videos, etc. He will soon learn to design better things.
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Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) and Microcontrollers (µCs), what difference and what can orientate the choice of one instead of another?
Thanks
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I'm maybe a bit late :)
These days PLCs are most likely based on one or more μCs. So some μC is one of the blocks to build a PLC.
The PLC is simply more than the bare-metal μC:
  1. It's got some "bus system" (most likely not the traditional address/data bus but some serial bus)
  2. It's got output drivers as well as input circuitry adapting the "process world" signal levels to those of the μC and vice-versa.
  3. It's already got some bas8c software: hardware drivers. HAL (most likely), some basic operating system, execution time supervision, download intrface and alike.
  4. It may even sport "intelligent subsystems" with furter μCs - eg. some "communication processor" or some "servo control unit".
So PLCs are not some opponent of the μC but a "higher-order" system.
BTW: IIRC some Siemens S5 was based on one or more 8051 derivative(s).
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Hello. I'm searching for some references about "Quality Assurance in Industrial Manufacturing" like ISI articles, books, PhD thesis, ...
Can you please help me?
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Hi Naeimeh,
I have worked in Quality Assurance in Industry for a number of years developing processes, working to them. Contact me if you have any specific questions and I will assist you best I can. 
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The lab should be able to house grad students (PhD pogram).
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Dear Aized,
You can also explore to have some simulation packages such as Arena, Automod  s etc for simulating the FMS.
Thanks
SGD
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NFA.
Dr Bajarang Prasad Mishra (Ex IAF),
BE (IE-I), M. Tech (MNNIT-A), MBA(IBM-K), PhD-Engg (CU, JMI)
Associate Professor
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering
JSS, Academy of Technical Education, Sector-62, Noida, (U.P.) - 201307
Mobile No: +91 9971656287
WhatsApp No: +91 9810850596
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by using fuzzification
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My work is concentrated on design new casing reamer/guide shoe tool. With my team, we created a new tool with the use of ejector principles. It is already submited in EPO. I now looking for university and department whit proper laboratory to test my design. I have two models for test 7" size. I thinking about use UE foundings from Maria Curie program for my research. Do you have some laboratory stand where I could test my prototype? If you more interested or need extra information I could send more information about my tool.
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Hello Łukasz,
Maybe you should be more clear on what equipment you need for testing, how long you will need to be testing and what an acceptable travel distance is. 
Greetings,
Victor
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What will happen if we use same logic to programme two different types of PLC?
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Basically, Logic is Logic.
 If it is straight bit logic (N.O contacts, N.C contacts and outputs) most of the time it will transfer between any PLC. However, there are exceptions. Modicon logic doesn't scan the same way Allen Bradley does, so there are instances where the same logic will not work. One shots are very different between manufacture as well. Most of the instructions past bit logic e.g. timers, counters, shift registers, etc. are handled different by different manufactures. The concepts will remain the same but for instance, how a timer/ counter resets may be very different.
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Est-il possible de se collaborer pour tester le modèle en Tunisie?
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oui ca doit etre possible. il faut determine le suject de recherche, le project et le plan pour commence  
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Dear friends,
                     Please provide me the list of resources (books, tutorials, multimedia etc.) to learn OPC UA from the basics. Thank you.
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Hello , I am also interested in PV devices manufacturing and material development. 
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Please be focused for what you need!, thermal calculations or the PV selection or the PV manufacture.
I'd like to help you as possible as I can
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What do you think about demonetization done in India for pushing the digital economy/cashless India? is it successful?
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It is difficult to answer but a unbiased person easily understand the situation of our country that is shift towards digital system campaign by govt is only to divert the mind of people from complete failure on black money issue and other things from economic point of view is that the lots of transaction cost involve into cashless sysytem where more than half is informal sector. 
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I read a survey from Honeywell company from the year 2000, that the PID algorithm is used in 97% of industrial applications. My question is, do somebody have newer survey about this? Thanks.
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A reply to the answer of Tariq Abuhamdia · 11.34 · Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Most fancy control techniques, starting from the fullstate feedback with Kalman filtering, to optimal, robust, and MRAC adaptive control are only used on limited applications such as Nuclear Power plants, expensive military jets, Missile control, precision robots, and similar. These are small fraction of industry products. So I would say more that 95% of products that require closed loop feedback control including cars use PID controllers. 
In control literature, originating not from yesterday or the day before it, there are plenty of  pure industrial examples for implementing these so called "fancy" control algorithms,  as mentioned above. And, surprisingly,  they are not engaged with missiles, jets or robots, but with everydays technology tasks and production matters. For instance - they are applied to sophisticated control of paper machine, hot or cold rolling steel mills, fossile thermal power stations, a mirriad of chemical reactors with very stringent performance constraints and environmental requirements, and so on. Virtually, sophisticated control is implemented everywhere, where highest product quality and economy efficiency are real aims of the final results. And there are money for it! There are no options for compromises in such industrial tasks and the solutions are usually reached by "blood, sweat and tears". Let remember to the audience the old enough to be forgotten tragedy of Bopal, India. In this light, one will immediately add, that nowadays control algorithms are not a single or stand-by solution, but they are supported by a bundle of additional procedures, functional options and auxilliary sequences. For instance, these are the well-known Antireset windup procedures, some  start-up, load-change and process stop autonomous phases, automatic cascade control transfer, etc. In this light, single PID is purely a textbook fiction, but the real industrial life is much more tough and complicated.
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Rework activities are done by manufactures in order to get good results at partial discharge test. 
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Dear Mehmet,
First, you have to determine the location of partial discharge and then take measures to eliminate them when possible and economically more convenient.
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ISA Automation Week 2013 Technology and Solutions Event will be held in Nashville, TN, USA, 5-7.11.2013. Seems to be a valuable site for industrial automation and control technology.
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Dear @Ganesh, my question is 3 years old. Let me bring some new info on ISA meetings in 2016.
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Since two or three months ago, the official website of OSEK/VDX has been being offline. According to Wikipedia, someone recommends to visit autosar.org instead. However, I can't find original OSEK/VDX documents, but Autosar specifications. Is the project closed or merged to another project? And where can I get OSEK documents now?
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The OSEK standard has become a ISO standard (17356-3), thus you find it at ISO's website: http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=40079 (non free)
AUTOSAR in turn, has adopted 17356-3. That is the reason Wikipedia points to AUTOSAR.
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i am looking for a software tools set that let me setup a multi-point to multi-point VPN which is called VPLS over IP (not MPLS) . does any one have any suggestion how can  I get in to this?
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The answer is yes, you can do this, BUT the techniques are still sort of vendor-specific. For instance, Juniper and Cisco have their solutions, which can build the VPLS using BGP or MPLS (respectively RFC 4761 and RFC 4762).
This will give you a single, virtual layer 2 network, like a (potentially) giant single Ethernet. So the same considerations should apply as they would with a non-virtual large single LAN. Meaning, it's not necessarily a great idea!
Although the VPLS is built on an IP infrastructure, traffic within the VPLS does not need to be IP at all. Same as in any other layer 2 network.
Looks like Nokia offers a 1-week course on this subject, various dates, various places:
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MRI which uses NMR enjoy the resonance feature of hydrogen nucleus for imaging. this technique is completely different from reflection feature of objects used in radar scanning. i would like to know why this technique is not used for radar scanning to detect other material that used in aircraft or devices that have special materials .
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Radars are used to detect the moving objects that are faraway from the radar. That is to say it teledetects the objects. It loos lie seeing the objects by the eye of an observer.These objects are normally in air and their case is made from metal. So, the best way to detect them is by using  radio waves. in order to resolve the objects geometrically one uses microwaves radiators which emits in a relatively narrow angles and therefore., the transmitter radiates microwave, which propagates till meeting the object where it bounces back to the radar station where the receiver reside. So, in the radar station both the transmitter and receiver are present side by side. By receiving the bounced wave one can measure the delay time between the transmitted and the revived reflected wave , from which one can measure the distance between the radar station and the object.
If one exploits the absorption of waves such as in NMR, one would put the receiver behind the object to measure the transmittance for teledetection this would be practically impossible. 
This may shed some light on answering your question.
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There are many controllers like arduino , pic , avr , atmel etc....... In industrial automatic machines, which control board is used?
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I think you should think only about PLCs, mainly because they are popular among industrial practitioners.  But why they are popular ? There are several arguments like : simplicity of programming them, they are scalable - you can add several modules to the CPU module, they have a lot of certificates, which are important for a service crew inside of a company.
The fact is that using several microplatforms like Arduino you can build a system with a similar functionality as in case of PLCs. In practice a problem is how fast are you able to build a whole control system and how reliable it will be i.e. what will be its average time of working without any failure. 
Based on my own experience like a integrator of control system I definitely recommend you PLC as a control platform in an industry although PLC is more expensive.   In domestic and/or laboratory applications  or if you have enough time you can build control systems based on microplatforms.
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I am carrying out a study on addressing  identified challenges in manufacturing automation. I will appreciate it if anyone can suggest academic journals that discuss such challenges
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Dear Sir, 
The future trends in Industrial automation are:
  1. Multi-touch
  2. Mobile apps
  3. HTML5
  4. BYOD
  5. Online research and purchasing
  6. Online learning
  7. Grid computing & virtualization
  8. Industrial wireless
  9. Robot revolution
  10. Rise of DC power
In following links I hope that you can find some answers at your question.
Best regards,
Dragan Vuksanović
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Hello everyone. I am a master's student and currently planning to write my master thesis. It would be a great if i get any special topic on which i can work or current problems with industry 4.0 in implementing in Germany so i can find out for some solutions in my thesis topic.
Thanks
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Industrial control over network i.e networked control system one of the hot research area in which delay analysis, pocket dropout analysis research issues researchers are working in worldwide  
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The surprising story of the last two decades has been the Great Surge (Radelet, 2015) in the fortunes of the developing world.  Approximately 5 billion lives, across all geographies, have seen a massive transformation in terms of rising income, leaving poverty, better health and increased education since 1995 to date.  This success story unfolded in what would have been characterized as the ICT-driven Third Industrial Revolution or Knowledge-based Economy era. Yet contradictory, the most innovative economies of the world enjoyed, on average, less average annual GDP growth rates.  What explains this contradiction ?  As we enter the declared Fourth Industrial Revolution, what factors will sustain the continued great surge of developing economies in this new period ?
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Dear Pro Clarke
I think that of course, besides the traditional determinants as traditional growth theory stated such as capital, human capital, labor, technology (as we discuss as ICT), the external factors such as FDI, trade activities. Do we need to consider to institutional quality of these countries, the institution is not directly impacts on economic growth but it effects to the productivities of other factors (as we may call as the elasticity of capital or labor).
As i'm working on the some developing countries, they are strongly effected by this factor.
It is some of my ideas, i hope that make sense
Best
Phuc Canh
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For example: Selenium Webdriver and another automation tools
Thanks!
Teodora
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In the continuing march of production technology, any human action that is repetitive and routinized will be automated.  This is inevitable and unavoidable.  Will this global trend in task / job automation impact the industrial sectors differently ? The impact of this inevitability in automation is said to promise a greater negative effect on manufacturing (including agro-manufacturing) and agricultural processes than on services processes which is said to require more discretion, contemplation and intuition and so is more reliant on human actions and hence resistant to automation. 
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Appreciate the feedback Alcy & Fang
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Dear Sir/Madam
I'd like to ask if someone has the dynamic parameters for an industrial Scara robot? because I need these parameters as an input for my research.
Please: provide me the module of the Scara robot and I prefer this robot has theses features to reach 700-1000 mm and has the capability to carry around 5 kg?
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A long time ago (2000 ~2004) when I was working on my PhD I used a "toolbox" created to simulate a real Scara Robot present in the Laboratory of Industrial Robotica at the Departament of Automation and Systems, Federal University of Santa Catarina, BRAZIL.
The toolbox created uses a file named "init.m" to initialize the parameters of the robot. Try to open the file "blocos.m" on Simulink to see the whole block used to "construct" the robot. Yes, by this time we are using a old version of Matlab/Simulink.
For parameters specifically related to the real robot, look for the file "init.m".
Some information about the robot you can find on Table 1 (Tabela 1, but on portuguese) from: http://www.ele.ita.br/cnrn/artigos-4cbrn/4cbrn_080.pdf.
Despiste the "antiquity" of these files, I hope you can use something.
good luck,
Fernando.
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Are economies whose national industrial profile is dominated by services sectors (eg finance, tourism, ICT)  less robust, sustainable, and resilient  than those economies dominated by the goods sectors (eg manufacturing, agriculture)?  Further, are these services-dominated economies, as a consequence, less successful, competitive and prosperous?
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There was an Economist debate pretty much on this question that you may want to check out. It is online here http://www.columbia.edu/~jb38/papers/pdf/The_Economist_com_Debate_Manufacturing.pdf
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We need to improve the stiffness of this wire holder and prevent it from bending when wire tightener is applied, however the time is limited and we have two choices :
1-changing the mold and make a new holder
2-changing the material(plastic type)
the first choice is time and money consuming but i am not familiar with the plastic types. I would like to know what method is better and if we are going to change the base material which plastic type can be helpful?? 
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using Emualate3D
cross sorting machine
PLC testing
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It is only to simulate processes based plc.
pretend the machine and the software gives the minimum parameters plc
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Have you any experience about using data which are gathered Through CTSCOPE (sco extension)and SYPTPRO(wch extension) in matlab,
is it possible or not
Best regards
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Alireza,
It looks like .sco and .wch files aren't supported by MATLAB. See if you can convert them into one of the compatible file formats, or if you can choose a different extension when you save your data from within each program. 
Good luck,
Alex
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I know that Schneider PLCs work with Mod-bus protocol for networking, however, I wonder if there is any other PLC and industrial automation brands that work with mod-bus?
If two brands work on the same network protocol like mod-bus are they compatible? I mean can I design an industrial automation with devices from more than 1 brand? Like choosing actuator from one brands and PLC from other brands.
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Many PLC manufacturer supports mod-bus
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high frequency custom and standard transformers, inductors and chokes in the 20 KHz to RF range.
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u can find answer in matlab help :)
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The effort during the engineering of production plants is a criterion becoming more and more important. But to optimize it it must be measurable. I'm looking for ways to ways to measure the effort especially for engineering the automation system within the production plant. 
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The most convincing way to measure engineering effort is the needed time. Unfortunately not so much work exists, which can be uesed as a benchmark
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I have two pumps i.e bitumen pump and soap phase pump both have their own drives and I want to make a system in such a way that, if soap phase pump stops (due to strucking of pump) running then bitumen pump must automatically stop running. Is that possible? We don't have any plc system.
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First what controller that you use, if using PLC for example, it can be done by develop the logic in it ladder diagram.
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See above
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1)
DCS is the acronym for Distributed control systems;
SCADA is the acronym for Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition
2)
DCS is process oriented;
SCADA is data-gathering oriented.
3)
DCS is process state driven; 
SCADA system is event driven.
4)
A DCS is a process control system that uses a network to interconnect sensors, controllers, operator terminals and actuators. A DCS typically contains one or more computers for control and mostly use both proprietary interconnections and protocols for communications.
SCADA may be called Human-Machine Interface (HMI). SCADA systems are used to monitor or to control chemical, physical or transport processes.
5)
Distributed Control System (DCS) consists of one or more controllers used to implement advanced process control techniques.
Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems cannot carry out advanced process control techniques.
6)
DCS is more integrated and can do more higher-end stuff, but
SCADA systems are more flexible.
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Hie guys .Help please .I am trying to design a closed loop feed braking system to control the brakes using a PLC for a locomotive (10 gauge). I was planning on using a Hall Effect sensor to pick up rotational speed and also measure it, I have just been told it will not be as accurate. Some suggested I try a tachogenerator and another suggested to me to convert a PWM output into a voltage output but I don’t know where to start. Thanks you?
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Ben, I don't understand your question very well.  I gather that you have a rotating drive shaft that presumably connects a drive motor to one or more wheels.  Are you trying to control a regenerative braking system by switching the resistance in the braking circuit?  Are you trying to detect wheel slip?  What determines how much braking you need?  What is your requirement for "accuracy"?  How were you planning to use the Hall Effect Sensor--to measure the braking current?   Hall sensors are typically used to measure DC current and can be fairly accurate, but if you are just dissipating power in a resistor bank you can do the same thing quite cheaply by just measuring the voltage across the load resistors.  This solution would not give you any information about the rotational speed of the shaft or wheel slip, however.   If you need to measure the speed of he shaft/wheel, then the suggestion above about encoders is valid, although you may be able to build a more robust system by using an inductive proximity sensor to sense a keyway on the shaft or the teeth of a gear or sprocket.  Inductive sensors are typically impervious to water, dirt, grease, etc. and also much less fragile if mechanical shock is an issue than an optical encoder would be.  And many PLCs do have inputs specifically for pulse inputs from speed sensors.
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Does anyone know of a commercial manufacturers of dry adhesion (Gekko feet mechanism) components as used on climbing robots for example? I have so far only been able to source a company called nanoGriptech Inc.
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I suggest getting in touch with my colleague Dr. Dan Sameoto (sameoto@ualberta.ca), who is an expert in this field.
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Noise, distance.
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 In one of my industrial applications I had a problem with the network Modbus working near the inverters and motors. Modbus was carried out on 485 standard. I deleted my network disturbance pulling cables from the zone in which work inverters.  I made additional shielding cables with working Modbus network.
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I/o addressing
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Dear Ali, what is you application.
Best is to go on the Siemens portal, create a login and search for sample code that does more or less what you want.
You can start to create a login here:
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Using a simple robot, it is important for small and medium industries which have a limited staff.
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To B. Mahapatra: Swarm robots are really interesting, but in my opinion there is a long way to get them into industrial use and especially for painting applications. However, maybe You know something more, could You be more specific please or provide any link where we could find something more about Your idea?
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The latest, novel and most on going active research activities and research topics in Industrial and System Engineering are required. These research topics are needed for fresh PhD students in my university to peruse and choose their research fields.
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Cloud manufacturing is becoming a very hot topic.
I attach two relevant articles here:
From cloud computing to cloud manufacturing
Development of a hybrid manufacturing cloud
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Is Siemens "LOGO!" automation a good tool to implement in a test stand? Does anybody have any information or experience with Siemens "LOGO!" automation and programming?
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LOGO is a very simple platform to learn PLC programming.
Contact your Siemens supplier, they usually have discounts for students.
On the above project we wanted to use LOGO but it was unable to do computations
for astronomical contour calculations. We had to do solar tracking on Siemens S7-1200 PLC to accomodate SPA computations.
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Can automation/automatic control save the mining industry or not?
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Nowadays, compressed air can be found in almost all field
of engineering, e.g.:
Industry - Trade
Rail transport - Air transport
Motor vehicles - Mining
Shipping - Medicine
Construction - Defence
Generation of linear motion Clamping tools ,Feed units ,Lifting and lowering,Door control,Industrial robots ,Welding clamps,Ejectors,Pneumatic presses
Generation of rotary motion,Screw drivers,Grinder, cutters,Drills,Shears,Nibblers
The above applications also can be found with Power Hydraulics. The use of PLC and programming , automation, industrial automation/automatic control devices may be used to save the mining industry.
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How to interface PLC's HMI with Microcontroller? What is the data format between PLC and HMI communication?
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Many PLC like SIEMENS SIMATIC S7 have a serial port based on RS 485. You can communicate over the standard USART/UART of a Microcontroller using an RS 485 voltage transceiver e.g. LTC486. The protocol should be available from the PLC manufacturer
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OPC defines interfaces between clients and servers, servers and servers in order to enable access to real time process data, enable events monitoring, control alarm and events, enable access to historical data, enable batch automation, increase system security, etc. OPC Unified Architecture specification is the result of advancement in the area of OPC and applied WEB services. So, total management of all process data, alarms, process history etc. is enabled in single space /unified address/. I do want also to reccomend a valuable source which include all You need for OPC and OPC UA, in the link attached.
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@Rajeev, it is gonna be easy for You to jump from OPC standard specifications to OPC UA!
Good luck!
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@Gokul, very interesting considerations! Actually, I had used a bit a domain engineering in production process modelling. Its techniques will spread across the field of industrial automation for large scale distributed systems.
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Ladder Logic (LL) has up to recently (and maybe still is) been the most used language in the manufacturing environment. Some of the other IEC 6-1131-3 defined languages (especially Function Block Diagram -FBD) are gaining inroads in the European manufacturing sector. The question seeks to determine what view teachers have of the use of Ladder v the other languages
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Dear Michaeol Barrrett, Check the reference provided below.
Verwer, A., “The impact of IEC (6)1131-3 on the teaching of control engineering” IEE
Colloquium on - The Application of IEC 61131 to Industrial Control: Improve Your Bottom Line
Through High Value Industrial Control Systems (Ref. No. 1999/076), Volume, Issue, 1999
Page(s):10/1 - 10/4
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Experiments accessed by web
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The expression "on-line experimentation" seems originated from the pneumatic instrumentation and control systems, which were interlinked by pipe-lines for compressed air. Pneumatic controllers could be adjusted "on-line", at their plant site, or "off-line".
The development of electronics enabled electrical wiring to replace air pipes. The previous use of pipe-lines probably had some influence at the later use of "on-line" and "off-line", when electrical wiring and cables were actually involved. The current expressions "telephone line" and “telegraph line” also promoted the use of "line", dealing with electrical wiring used for communication.
Also, the improvement of instrumentation facilitated the use of chemical sensors (e.g. pH electrodes) "on-line" for process control, instead of "off-line", at the laboratory, for periodically monitoring the process.
When microcomputers become available, they were incorporated (on-line) at control systems, what leaded to the development of sophisticated control techniques, as fuzzy and adaptive control, often previously developed and tested off-line by numerical simulation experiments.
Experiments on-line are typically required for fine tuning of controllers or to check the performance of sensors or actuators (e.g. valves). This justifies the expression "on-line experimentation".
The expressions "on-line" and "off-line", previously restricted to technical language, spread into common everyday language after the development of the bank terminal communication, internet, mobile phones, and other communication technologies.
Referring to "online experimentation" in the context of the internet, we mean experiments greatly dependent on its use as instrument to generate scientific data and knowledge, and not just to transmit information. The use of the internet to conduct enquires is analogous to the traditional use of phone lines or mail for the same purpose, being therefore hardly compatible with the concept of "on-line experimentation".