Science topics: Individuality
Science topic

Individuality - Science topic

Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.
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Publications related to Individuality (10,000)
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Book
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This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note...
Article
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Psychotic-like experiences (hallucinations) were investigated in a non-clinical population in a word-recognition experiment. The current study explored the effect of perceived importance (previous reinforcement), and whether this differs in its impact on individuals with lower or higher schizotypy. Participants were assessed psychometrically for th...
Article
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In this paper, we attempt to unpack the nature of revealed inconsistencies in two measures of risk preferences for a sample of young African South Africans. The first measure is a self-reported propensity to take risk in general, and the second is a risk preference elicited through a hypothetical financial gamble. We find that the majority of indiv...
Article
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Tightly focused laser beams form optical tweezers that can hold and manipulate individual atoms. They give superb control over microscopic quantum systems and have paved the way for bottom up assembly of few-atom systems. Such assembled systems provide an ideal starting point for many fundamental studies of atomic interactions and few-atom phenomen...
Article
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Some simple tips for Clinical Psychologist face with interviewing a D/deaf/Hearing Loss/ Hard of Hearing individual.
Article
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Supernumerary Teeth (ST) appear in addition to the regular number of teeth. Paramolar is one of such rarely occurring ST. Tuber-culate ST is a multicusped, short, barrel-shaped tooth with a normal crown appearing and invaginated but rudimentary root. This article presents a case report of an unusual occurrence of a buccally placed tuberculate shape...
Conference Paper
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Gullibility is a behavior set that includes insensitivity to cues signaling untrustworthiness, the propensity to accept false information, reject true information, or taking costly risks. It is a useful lens from which to view real-world adverse outcomes driven by the online behaviors of seemingly well-intentioned, or non-malicious, individuals. Th...
Conference Paper
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With the advent of artificial intelligence (AI), individuals are increasingly teaming up with AI-based systems to enhance their creative collaborative performance. When working with AI-based systems, several aspects of team dynamics need to be considered, which raises the question how humans' approach and perceive their new teammates. In an experim...
Article
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In this paper, a curve approximation approach using bio-inspired polar coordinate bald eagle search algorithm (PBES) is proposed. PBES algorithm is inspired by the spiral mechanism of bald eagle during predation. By introducing polar coordinate, the spiral predation process of the bald eagle will become more intuitive, which is more conducive for t...
Article
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This article brings the often-overlooked concept of the labor regime back to the study of China’s food-delivery platform workers. Two tales of platform regimes emerge: individualized platform despotism and bureaucratized platform despotism, which apply to crowdsourcing couriers and dedicated delivery couriers, respectively. This study compares thes...
Article
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Van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures composed of different two-dimensional (2D) materials offer an easily accessible way to combine properties of individual materials for applications. Owing to the discovery of a set of unanticipated physical phenomena, the twisted 2D vdW heterostructures have gained considerable attention recently. Here, we report...
Article
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Analysis of multiple secondary outcomes in a clinical trial leads to an increased probability of at least one false significant result among all secondary outcomes studied. In this paper, we question the notion that that if no multiplicity adjustment has been applied to multiple secondary outcome analyses in a clinical trial, then they must necessa...
Article
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In this editorial we aim to provide an overview of Narrative-based Medicine (NBM) and highlight what it may offer to the care of individuals with headache disorders.
Article
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Polygenic scores can identify individuals with high disease risk based on inborn DNA variation. We explore their potential to enrich clinical trials by identifying individuals based on higher risk of disease (‘prognostic enrichment’), or increased probability of benefit (‘predictive enrichment’).
Article
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We study the impact of competition on morals using a dynamic variant of the die-under-the-cup task. Players can repeatedly misreport the outputs of consecutive die rolls to earn more money, either under an individual piece-rate pay scheme or in a two-player tournament. In this dynamic setting, we disentangle the effect of the incentive scheme and t...
Article
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Resumo Apesar da presença ubíqua de algoritmos na vida humana, notadamente através das redes sociais, alguns efeitos da sua aplicação massiva ainda são imperceptíveis para a maioria dos usuários. Este trabalho examina o comprometimento da constituição do sujeito em face da emergência e massificação dos algoritmos. A questão é abordada filosoficamen...
Research
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Banyak orang mengasosiasikan tari balet sebagai tarian yang indah dan anggun, bahkan sebagai bentuk seni tersendiri. Di balik keindahan itu, terdapat kenyataan gelap yang dialami penari balet demi memenuhi ekspektasi sebagai penari balet itu sendiri. Black Swan merupakan bentuk film dari pergumulan yang dirasakan oleh penari balet demi mencapai kes...
Article
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We introduce a cardinal social preference rule (CSPR) which accounts for interpersonal comparisons of alternatives in groups and satisfies several desirable properties. The proposed rule transforms voters’ individual ordinal preferences to obtain a score for each alternative given by the generalized Shapley value of cooperative games with transfera...
Article
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Este trabajo problematiza la noción de autonomía para morir propuesta por la bioética contemporánea a la luz de las críticas que se le han realizado recientemente y del tabú de la muerte que prevalece en las sociedades occidentales. Después de revisar el desarrollo histórico que ha dado lugar a este concepto, observo las objeciones que se le han he...
Article
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Este estudo de caso trata da implementação de controle de projetos em uma empresa que tem por área de atuação as construções de subestações de energia elétrica. A necessidade de ter um controle menos complexo fez com que os funcionários elaborassem um Dashboard totalmente interativo, onde é possível obter a visualização de todos as obras em uma úni...
Preprint
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Konseling kehamilan umumnya diberikan oleh bidan kepada ibu hamil untuk membantu memahami individu mengenai proses kehamilan. Selain itu, konselor juga dapat memberikan konseling kehamilan pada ibu hamil dari sudut pandang psikis atau kesiapan mental pada ibu hamil. Konseling kehamilan merupakan proses pemberian bantuan oleh konselor kepada klien s...
Article
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We observed two cases of leucism in the Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto) in two localities of Northern Mexico. Both individuals were the first leucistic records for this species in Nuevo Leon and Durango states. The two specimens had most of the body with white plumage, pinkish legs, and grayish beak (compared to normal individuals),...
Chapter
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Pandemi COVID-19 telah menyebar di seluruh dunia dan berdampak signifikan padakesehatan mental masyarakat secara global. Pandemi COVID-19 telahmempengaruhi berbagai aspek kehidupan individu sehari-hari, mulai dariperalihan aktivitas secara daring, hingga pembatasan sosial berskala besar yangmenimbulkan keterbatasan dalam bersosialisasi, finansial m...
Article
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Religious fasting is practiced by people of all faiths, including Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism, as well as Hinduism, Judaism, and Taoism. Individual/clinical, public, global, and planetary health has traditionally been studied as separate entities. Nevertheless, religious fasting, in conjunction with other religious health assets, can pro...
Article
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The latest study in organizational culture is profoundly influencing the organizations performance and the individual performance. Any systems within the organization always ensure a controlled behavior of employee to maintain a well-balanced behavior which facilitate the increase of productivity and success of the organization. It all depends on t...
Preprint
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We study actuarial fairness in tontines with heterogeneous cohorts. For a given tontine, we show that both collective and individual actuarial fairness are achievable. While it is impossible to design a tontine scheme with mixed cohorts which is optimal (utility-maximizing) for each single cohort (Milevsky and Salisbury (2016); Chen et al. (2021d))...
Article
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En las áreas tropicales de Chiapas, México, la producción de frijol es afectada por el mosaico amarillo dorado, la sequía y la acidez de los suelos. El objetivo de esta investigación fue identificar genotipos de frijol resistentes al mosaico amarillo dorado, con mayor productividad que la variedad Negro Jamapa, comúnmente sembrada en Chiapas. En ot...
Article
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Latar belakang: Inflamasi periodontal mengenai jaringan pendukung gigi meliputi ligamen periodontal dan kerusakan tulang alveolar. Tanda klinis yang umumnya dijumpai diantaranya warna kemerahan pada gingiva, disertai perdarahan, resesi gingiva dan kegoyangan gigi. Evaluasi kondisi jaringan periodontal untuk mengamati gambaran klinis dan kondisi jar...
Preprint
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Let $X\rightarrow C$ be a totally real semistable degeneration over a smooth real curve $C$ with degenerate fiber $X_0$. Assuming that the irreducible components of $X_0$ are simple from a cohomological point of view, we give a bound for the individual Betti numbers of a real smooth fiber near $0$ in terms of the complex geometry of the degeneratio...
Chapter
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PENDAHULUAN Secara umumnya psikoterapi jangka masa panjang merupakan kedah terapi yang sering digunakan oleh pengamal kaunseling dalam membantu klien yang menghadapi isu seperti tekanan, kemurungan dan keresahan. Namun begitu, amalan tersebut telah ditambah baik dengan menggunakan pendekatan baru yang lebih ringkas, realistik dan berfokus. Senario...
Chapter
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A organização e implementação das equipas multidisciplinares nas escolas está associada aos princípios da Educação Inclusiva, de e para todos, sendo cada elemento ativo, importante, decisivo e decisor. Requer mudanças na forma de pensar, organizar e agir. Requer atitudes comunicativas mais profícuas e diversificadas, mas que tenham como objetivos o...
Preprint
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This istudy aims ito ifind iout ihow ito iimplement ithe ipolicy iof ithe tourism ioffice, iso ithe ipurpose iof ithis iresearch iis ito ifind iout ithe implementation iof ithe ipolicy iof ithe itourism ioffice, iculture, iyouth iand sports iin irealizing iparadise iof ijava iin iPacitan iRegency. iThis itype iof research iis idescriptive iresearch...
Article
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Subscription commerce is an integral part of today's consumption space. Researchers have identified different factors that influence subscription intent and different mechanisms that are used to evaluate subscription options. In this research, we investigate the effect of loss of perceived control on subscription intent and explore a new underlying...
Conference Paper
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In the last 20 years the population of Kamchatka brown bear has been growing and is estimated at 22.7–24.6 thousand individuals. Harvesting as one of the most effective regulators of population size is declining. We try to consider all possible factors affecting the population - the abundance of basic feed, removals, solar activity, etc. to denote...
Article
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En el ámbito del estudio de la comicidad en los libros de caballerías, este trabajo se dedica al humorismo femenino y, en concreto, a la identificación de los motivos cómicos relacionados con las prácticas tradicionales que forman parte de la relación amorosa caballeresca. Se identifican entonces unos motivos cómicos (según la pionera metodología d...
Article
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The novel alleles HLA‐DQA1*01:01:01:11 and ‐DQA1*01:03:01:13 were detected during the routine HLA typing process This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Article
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Based on a sample of 461 micro- and small family businesses in Western Austria, this study aimed to analyze the degree of internationalization of individual activities in the value chain and their influence on the export probability of family firms. The results show that exporting and non-exporting micro- and small family businesses are internation...
Article
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The influence of communication apprehension on an individual's academic achievement and social behaviour has not been investigated until quite recently. The present article presents a review of existing literature on this important phenomenon.
Presentation
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The important difference between ionization chambers and proportional counters is that an ionization chamber will produce a current proportional to the number of electrons collected each second, while Proportional counters amplify each of the individual bursts of ionization so that each ionizing event is detected separately. They, therefore, measur...
Preprint
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This paper proposes a method for measuring fairness through equality of effort by applying algorithmic recourse through minimal interventions. Equality of effort is a property that can be quantified at both the individual and the group level. It answers the counterfactual question: what is the minimal cost for a protected individual or the average...
Poster
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En trigo, cebada y avena el nitrógeno y el fósforo son los nutrientes que limitan con mayor frecuencia sus rendimientos. En los últimos años se han reportado deficiencias de azufre y de cinc. En éstos cultivos se han determinado efectos de interacción y efectos aditivos en las respuestas a la fertilización. Los objetivos de este trabajo fueron ayud...
Presentation
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This presentation is designed to give individuals the tools to leave a leadership legacy behind.
Article
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O objetivo desta pesquisa é analisar ideias de sedução que permeiam a subjetividade dos professores da área das Ciências Naturais, contribuindo para justificar o uso das Tecnologias Digitais de Informação e Comunicação (TDICs) na educação em tempos de pandemia. A partir de um formulário disponibilizado de forma online, docentes de Universidades Fed...
Preprint
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Vop\v{e}nka's Alternative Set Theory can be viewed both as an evolution and as a revolution: it is based on his previous experience with nonstandard universes, inspired by Skolem's construction of a nonstandard model of arithmetic, and its inception has been explicitly mentioned as an attempt to axiomatize Robinson's Nonstandard Analysis. Vop\v{e}n...
Technical Report
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Acțiunea ReMO COST este o rețea de părți interesate de la toate nivelurile comunității de cercetare, care a elaborat un manifest pentru sănătatea mintală și starea de bine a cercetătorilor; se solicită evaluarea modului în care sănătatea mintală și starea de bine a acestora pot fi cel mai bine alimentate și susținute prin acțiuni și inițiative la n...
Article
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É amplamente reconhecido que influenciar significa agregar valores sociais transformadores em outrem que inspiram comportamentos ou atitudes diferenciadas nos indivíduos. A influência exercida pela “influência” assume como marco inspirar ou motivar, e como tal, implica consciência sobre os valores intrínsecos consagrados e o impacto desses na socie...
Article
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The problem of nonideal theory has been widely discussed in political philosophy in recent times. The problem has received much less attention, however, at the level of individual morality. Since the real world is a nonideal one, the problem is extremely relevant, if moral theory is to guide our action as moral agents. My purpose in this paper is m...
Preprint
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We will prove by means of Cantor's mapping between natural numbers and positive fractions that his approach to actual infinity implies the existence of numbers which cannot be applied as defined individuals. We will call them dark numbers.
Article
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The aim of this paper is to reconsider the current knowledge of the life and career of Nakhtmin, who was one of the most important individuals in Akhmim at the end of the 18th Dynasty, as high priest of Min and Isis in that city and overseer of works for King Ay. Through this new analysis, as well as the rediscovery of a little known relief from hi...
Article
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Keberagamaan di dalam kehidupan individu berperan sebagai suatu sistem nilai mengenai aturan-aturan tertentu. Dilihat secara umum bahwa aturan-aturan tersebut menjadi pedoman untuk bersikap dan bertingkah laku. Dalam dunia pendidikan dimensi kebergamaan perlu dipahami oleh guru dan peserta didik. Oleh karena itu penulis tertarik untuk mengetahui te...
Article
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Haploinsufficiency of FOXP2 causes FOXP2‐related speech and language disorder. We report a 9.8 Mb deletion downstream of FOXP2 in a girl with speech and language impairment, developmental delay, and other features. We propose involvement of FOXP2 in pathogenesis of these phenotypes, likely due to positional effects on the gene.
Book
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Buku ini merupakan kumpulan karangan hasil studi empiris, studi terapan (intervensi), studi literatur, dan hasil pemikiran yang menawarkan ide-ide teoretis dan praktis tentang well-being, yang ditulis oleh para akademisi psikologi dan psikiatri. Jangkauan studi mereka relatif luas dengan level analisis yang bervariasi, mulai dari level individu, or...
Chapter
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In this chapter, we investigate the emergence of leaders with disabilities (LWD). We provide analyses based on structural and narrative reviews of literature. The structural review identified only a few papers that examine leaders and disabilities together. Through the narrative review, we discuss the emergence of LWD and assess their standing in t...
Presentation
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The study examined how early career talent who were laid off during the pandemic found new jobs. Employment sites were most useful for getting job information. Personal relationships were the fastest way to be hired. #beyourbestbrand #beyourbestcareerarchitect #resumes
Article
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With a lengthy and wide-ranging history of Pharmacogenetics, the researchers to this date are still discovering more and more about how the genetic variability of individuals affect the response to the drugs. The terminology of pharmacogenetics was not introduced until 1957. How an individual's genetic makeup affects his response to drugs is an eme...
Research
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This article describes the administration of marijuana legalization for recreational use on individuals and some of the implications the practice applies to economic functioning: the industry's continuous growth and appropriate growth in the company and related industries. The management of products continuously advises the economies and individual...
Article
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When we work in groups, it can be extremely difficult to discern what an individual actually thinks about something. And who is doing most of the talking? The most assertive. Group brainstorming results in less creative and useful ideas than the individuals in a group can collectively come up with on their own. This article identifies three three p...
Article
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La política habitacional chilena sufrió una profunda transformación durante las últimas décadas. En los años sesenta e inicios de los setenta emergió un modelo basado en atributos comunitarios, promoviendo la organización vecinal y la construcción de barrios bien equipados que contaban con abundante espacio público. En 1973, el foco cambió con la i...
Article
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The beneficial effects of exercise training (ET) in promoting cardiovascular health have been well established [...]
Article
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Sometimes, in order to create you need to go beyond the possibility and ordinary. The last week of July at the Research and Practical Clinical Center for Diagnostics and Telemedicine Technologies of the Moscow Healthcare Department was highlighted by the outstanding extraordinary event "Science Week". During this week, the importance of scientific...
Article
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The article deals with increasing the effectiveness of educational content on the YouTube channel with the help of built-in analytics tools. Particular attention is paid to the creation of quality video, taking into account the reaction of end users of video materials. Ways to increase the video audience are considered. Techniques for improving vid...
Article
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We present our observational results of AM CVn star CR Boo in the UBVR bands. Our observational campaign includes data obtained over 5 nights with the National Astronomical Observatory Rozhen, Belogradchik, and the AS Vidojevica telescopes. During the whole time of our observations the brightness of the system varied between 13.95 – 17.23 in the B...
Article
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Nas regiões áridas e semiáridas é indispensável à buscade estratégiasque favoreçam o cultivo de plantas forrageiras, comoa utilização de espécies forrageiras resistentes ou tolerantes às condições climáticas locais, assim como o uso de práticas de manejo, como o consórciode culturas, devido a pecuária ser a principal atividade econômica desenvolvid...
Article
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Este artigo é um exercício teórico-literário que se dedica à leitura e à escuta da escrevivência de Conceição Evaristo em Poemas da recordação e outros movimentos. Para tanto, elege uma amostra de quatro poemas com e nos quais pretende destacar os elementos do seu corpo-escrita, a partir de inscrições da memória e traços que se constituem de inúmer...
Article
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Protein ligand interactions play an important role in biology. Increasingly the aim is to understand and influence protein ligand binding. The binding process is heavily influenced by its thermodynamic parameters. In order to understand how the whole system thermodynamics work it is important to characterise the individual contribution of each of t...
Article
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Until recently, a major challenge of biochemists working in the protein field was the identification, purification, and sequencing of an individual protein [...]
Article
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O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a disponibilidade e o uso de Equipamentos de Proteção Individual (EPIs), por profissionais de saúde bucal do sistema público de saúde do Paraná, durante a primeira onda da pandemia de COVID-19. Estudo transversal, realizado entre agosto e outubro de 2020, com utilização de questionário online enviado aos cirurgi...
Poster
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Penyertaan secara kolektif bermaksud tindakan dua atau lebih daripada seorang individu bagi mencapai sesuatu matlamat dan manfaat yang akan dikongsi bersama. Namun begitu, terdapat juga sesetengah individu yang tidak bersetuju dengan perkara tersebut sehingga membawa kepada penyertaan secara berseorangan. Hal yang demikan merupakan sebuah dinamika...
Article
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Marginalizados econômica, social e culturalmente, grupos de idosos vulneráveis sobrevivem em condições cujo exercício da humanidade é comprometido. O querer é viciado pelas necessidades biológicas existenciais e expectativa de manutenção de laços afetivos mínimos. Como consequência, idosos refutam a proteção de que necessitam em benefício dos própr...
Preprint
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Scientists are getting closer to identifying cancer prevention, cures, and treatments by approaching it from a biologically diverse distinct perspective; by looking into the components of urine-based tests that are less invasive and detrimental to the individual.
Article
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Pendidikan adalah upaya mengubah perilaku individu melalui pembelajaran menjadi pribadi yang lebih baik. Sistem pendidikan di SD saat ini menggunakan AKM yang di dalamnya berisi tentang kemampuan literasi numerasi. Literasi numerasi adalah kemampuan berpikir untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan matematika yang berkaitan dengan sehari-hari, yang penyele...
Article
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Artigu ida ne’e nia objetivu atu esplora tópiku tolu ho relasaun ba peskiza, lingua, no kolonizasaun no deskolonizasaun ba neon iha Timor-Leste. Uluk nanain hau sei esplika kona ba hau nia peskiza rasik; kona ba saida mak hau deskobre no buat seluk ne’ebé hau hakarak deskobre nu’udar peskizadór, surpreza sira ne’ebé ha’u hetan durante halo hau nia...
Article
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Electronic word-of-mouth (e-WOM) is a marketing communication instrument that influences many purchasing decisions. In the context of e-WOM, most information comes from unknown individuals, making it difficult for readers to choose accurate information. Source credibility is considered as a guide for assessing accurate information. This study adopt...
Technical Report
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In this position paper, we have used Alan Cooper’s persona technique to illustrate the utility of audio- and video-based AAL technologies. Therefore, two primary examples of potential audio- and video-based AAL users, Anna and Irakli, serve as reference points for describing salient ethical, legal and social challenges related to use of AAL. These...
Article
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Patients presenting with Class III malocclusion often present significant challenges for the orthodontist and restorative clinician. The characteristic anterior crossbite is commonly associated with a maxillo‐mandibular skeletal base discrepancy leading to both functional and esthetic issues. Three potential incisal tooth positions are discussed us...
Thesis
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Leaders play a critical role in an organization, and their presence and behavior significantly affect nonmanagement employee work performance, behavior, and well-being. Authentic leadership has a positive effect on an organization.