Science topics: Individuality
Science topic

Individuality - Science topic

Individuality are those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.
Questions related to Individuality
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
63 answers
Hi Researchers Community!!
I am initiating a very relevant and useful discussion aiming at generating focused ideas and knowledge of how a teacher handles or should handle gifted and brilliant students in a normal class having varied differences. As it is an established fact that 21st century learners are more creative, innovative and smart comparably, reason being their having easy and granted access to technology since their early age. They are more techno-friendly in comparison to older generation teachers. Today's classes have maximum diversity that existed never. Mostly it happens in case when a teacher faces bright and gifted learners in his normal class, they are overlooked and their special educational demands are hardly met. This problem has severed in modern time, and we can no longer treat creative students with unjust. The teacher should organise well thought strategies and approches to deal and handle exceptionally good students. How do you carry out this task in your class? You need to share your experience and knowledge here for the enlightenment of other fellow researcher. Your all sort of views are most welcomed in advance. Thank you in very much anticipation.
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
1 answer
Looking to assess the composition and concentration of the micronutrient regimen. Were any individuals with fibromyalgia included? 
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Allen,
So sorry for the very late reply. I hadn't receive any notification that you had posted a question and only saw it now.
The dietary condition consisted of a target of 7 serves of high prebiotic foods per day, with the remainder of diet as per participant's discretion. This was compared with a control group on their existing (low-prebiotic diet). In addition to the diet vs no-Diet factor, we had a probiotic supplement vs placebo supplement factor. There was no manipulation of micronutrients.
Individuals with fibromyalgia were eligible to participate as long as they did not have a concurrent psychiatric diagnosis as were were targeting people with subclinical depression and/or anxiety. However, as it turns out, no one with fibromyalgia participated in the trial.
Best regards
Tanya
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
3 answers
Hi everyone,
  • what is the effect of ( "non-technical, or “soft factors”, such as culture, needs of individuals, habits and emotions)on methodology acceptance by individual?
  • I would be grateful if you could suggest and introduce me more resources on soft factors and the effect of them on methodology acceptance.
  • And if we want to focus on " soft factors and individual acceptance" thorough methodology we should utilize "People-oriented methodology" like ETHICS?
Relevant answer
Answer
Acceptance from individuals is not taking into consideration soft factors generally as IS as a topic encompass an audience of IT individuals who carry with them logical traits and do not leave much space to persuasion or ambiguity. However, in my experience, I have noticed that those people appreciate social experiments and if the methodology is human-centric you will have a better chance to be accepted. They are not necessarily monetary driven and you will require a value exchange that they need. Try to exchange new knowledge and breakthroughs instead of simple cooperation, find values that can be shared in order to achieve true collaboration. Confucius once said that knowing what you know and knowing what you do not know is real knowledge. Find that breakeven and start your exchange.
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
4 answers
I have recently completed my MSc Psychology and during this course I completed assessments on a range of psychology topics from social psychology to cognition. I was wondering whether or not I am able to upload these to Research Gate and what category they would fall into?
Thanks
Relevant answer
Answer
You can upload it as a preprint paper now. Then you can do a comprehensive work through which you can upload it as an original article as well.
Thank you......
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
4 answers
As I am working on a research dealing with decision-making styles of public managers, specifically senior-level managers in Ministry of Infrastructure in the Government of Kosovo, I would highly appreciate your support on defining the best and most practical instrument to measure the individual differences of decision-making of these managers.
With highest considerations for your help,
Besnik
Relevant answer
Answer
Much depends on the nature of the decision, in light of which actors can engage in different types of thinking. "Everyday" decision-making requires little competence and can be accomplished in "default" mode: in such cases, people have a strong tendency to stick with the tried and tested (or trusted). More complex decision-making—to be defined, of course, but recognizing that everything is relative—may call for more analysis and deliberation and even a good deal of mental effort; supposing there is an optimal strategy, which is not necessarily the case, this is where bounded rationality, cognitive bias, personality, and free will come in (and tools for debiasing are relevant). Most importantly, the process of decision-making is impacted by the number of people associated with it; these days, complex decision-making tasks demands teamwork (and can fall prey to the vagaries of that). Not to forget, since this query relates to the public sector, hierarchy does weigh in and not every decision maker is equal. may be of interest.
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
4 answers
If we are applying capability approach, either to measure wellbeing, poverty or other issues, how can we address the interaction between different capabilities, both at the individual and at the collective levels?
Are there some methodological proposals?
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
4 answers
Hi everyone, 
I am searching for a specific kind of material assessing empathetic processes. I would like to measure empathetic decision taking, where the participant might choose between the interests of a collectivity (to the detriment of an individual); or the interests of an individual (to the detriment of a collectivity). 
Therefore, it is a kind of material mixing the public goods and the trolley dilemma: an ecological situation assessing empathetic behaviours without involving money.
If this material does not exist, does any collaborator would be interested to develop this kind of material with me?
Many thanks in advance,
Julian
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Julian,
I agree on the use of empathy scales such as the 60-item empathy quotient available on Cambridge website. I thought from what you described that you were also interested in moral judgement.
For this, I would recommend the moral judgement task:
Or the moral dilemmas developed by Patil and colleagues. The authors are available on RG.
Best regards,
Moussa 
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
2 answers
For a study regarding identity.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello
Thank you for your response. However, my question was a bit different. I, apparently, did not make myself clear.
I would like to examine how members of ONE group perceive those of ANOTHER group.
Best regards, and thanks once again. 
Avi
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
17 answers
Does any one know of Neuro-linguistic program for use by individuals with dyslexia please?
Relevant answer
Answer
you can read this file
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
3 answers
I want to Know How different  weight percentages  are calculated for different individual elements in a composite material
Relevant answer
Answer
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
3 answers
In case-control studies about cancer, which is more acceptable? Putting healthy individuals or putting individuals with benign tumors as "controls" to patients with malignant cancer?
Relevant answer
Answer
It may depend on where the cases are selected from. The controls should come from the population from which the cases arose.  If the cases come through a major referral hospital, other tumour patients may better reflect the catchment area than general population controls. However if tumours in the contlol group share risk factors with those under study, OR for the cancer risk factors will be biased downwards..
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
14 answers
Is it possible to interbreed genetically modified organisms (GMOs) with wild-type individuals? If so, what are the implications? Will the be resulting organism be viable? If not, how is this prevented? Has there been any instance wherein this has happened accidentally?
Relevant answer
Answer
Ill try to answer your questions one by one.
Yes, they can interbreed and crate hybrids.
Wild-type gene diversity will be altered by the introduction of foreign genes, this could be beneficial or detrimental for the hybrids and its environment, it could be hard to define.
Resulting organisms should be viable unless the modification is related to reproductive traits.
To prevent it, do not le the populations mix with each other, this can be very hard to accomplish in some cases, like crops.
This has happened, the occurrence of this phenomenon is not that rare, but it may be hard to estimate.
Here is a nice blog post that may have some insight or you.
There is a lot of info on this topic in the web, just be careful with the sources. Since this is a politicized topic, there is a lot of unsubstantiated and heavily distorted arguments that are only there to persuade people towards a specific agenda.
Cheers
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
5 answers
the genes X and Y both a phenotype when mutated individually while keeping the other one unmutated but in case of a double het KO of X & Y i see a less severe phenotype than expected. why? 
Relevant answer
Answer
You need to clarify your terminology and specify when a mutation is homozygous or heterozygous.
This sort of observation is common when X and Y are in the same pathway.  
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
12 answers
I am studying a threatened species of mammal (Philippine mouse-deer) and capturing and marking them is not advisable because they are prone to trauma and stress. I proposed studying their population by camera trapping but I need to individually recognize them so I wont commit a double counting of individuals. Are there any non-invasive ways on how to estimate their population ? and is there anything I can do to avoid double counting? Thank you.
Relevant answer
Answer
Kindly see the ideas suggested here in this informative abstract by Gursky,  Salibay and Cuevas.
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
39 answers
There is a lot of talk about factors which categorize teachers as Pygmalion individuals. In your opinion, what specific criteria are needed to make teachers reflective and accountable. 
Relevant answer
Answer
I think that a reflective teacher is a ( forever student ) who doesn't stop acquiring knowledge not only about his/her specialty but from all other sciences .
A reflective teacher is who remains confident and calm when challenged by an extra gifted student or an extra disruptive one .
A reflective teacher is the one who applies changes in his teaching methods and can convince the others with his approach.
There are many other carecteristics that can describe a reflective teacher away from typical ones , however , i shall leave the space for other researchers' answers .
Good luck
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
2 answers
individual performance? I perceive task uncertainty as a moderator Of that relationship. If anyone knows the answer I would greatly appreciate it!
thank you in advance!
Tomasz
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you very much Matthias! It helped me a lot!
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
1 answer
I am wondering if anyone has data on individuals who have Tourette's Disorder who have exhibited sexual problems or offending behaviors?
Relevant answer
Answer
PsycInfo has some very old articles: 
Compulsive cursing.
By Hollander, R.
Psychiatric Quarterly, Vol 34, 1960, 599-622.
Coprolalia (compulsive cursing), as an involuntary energy discharge, is similar to other impulsive overflows as seen in tics and epilepsy. Cursing displaces aggression into spheres of expressive language. Obsessive rumination precedes coprolalia. The more violent and uncontrolled the coprolalia, the closer it is to conflictual areas. The uses of cursing in sexual hostility, in control of the demons of sexuality, and as attenuated forms of sexual adaptation are indicated. Coprolalia is a pathognomonic sign of Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome. A case of mild compulsive swearing is given as an example of the "madonnaprostitute" split, followed by successful integration. From Psyc Abstracts 36:01:1JT99H. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
Neurological diseases and sexuality.
By Renshaw, Domeena C.; Yarzagaray, Luis
Sexual & Marital Therapy, Vol 6(2), 1991, 157-175.
Discusses presentation of sexual problems with a neurological component seen in a sexual dysfunction clinic. Cases of sexual disinterest due to stroke, back/spinal problems, tumor, neuropathy, scleroderma, psychiatric disorder, and Tourette's syndrome are described. Other patients were diagnosed as having epilepsy, physical disabilities, or head injuries. The effects of various neurosurgeries on sexual functioning are described. Finally, the importance of treating both partners and of maintaining follow-up is emphasized. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
3 answers
How learning and approaches to learning might be? It relates to cultural differences. 
Thanks.
Relevant answer
Answer
Here is a simple way to see it:
Individualistic cultures, such as Europe and America, emphasize personal achievement regardless of the expense of group goals, resulting in a strong sense of competition.
Collectivist cultures, such as those of China, Korea, and Japan, emphasize family and work group goals above individual needs or desires.
There are MANY sources on the web explaining this in more detail that you can Google.
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
4 answers
Relevant answer
Answer
The simple answer to this question of whether single particle is "better" than ensemble (bulk) particle analysis is... one needs to be specific about what they are looking to learn.
Single particle chemical analysis of aerosols is complementary to ensemble or bulk analysis of aerosol: each gives you a different kind of information.  
Single particle methods excel at describing the mixing state of the aerosol (do chemicals reside in the same or separate particles?) and can do a nice job in determinations of aerosol source contributions to an air mass, but tend to struggle with mass-based quantitation.  Single particle mass spectrometers produce large datasets in relatively short time frames, requiring data clustering methods (ART-2a, K-means, etc) to reduce the data to something more analytically manageable.  Microscopic single-particle techniques (when operated without computer automation) can have the opposite problem, where they can sometimes struggle to provide statistically-robust data due to high analytical costs per particle, but provide high resolution spatial information and now some even provide spatially-resolved spectroscopic information.  
Ensemble aerosol techniques provide strong mass-based quantitation of the aerosol population, which is valuable for many types of studies in which mass closure is important.  Since aerosol mass increases as the cube of the particle size, these measurements tend to emphasize the influence of larger particles on the sample, unless the technique explicitly size-segregates the sample.  Ensemble aerosol sampling, when performed at sufficiently high temporal resolution (e.g., real-time mass spectrometry), can be used to understand aerosol sources using a source-receptor data analysis tool -- Positive Matrix Factorization has been widely applied for this purpose in many studies for over a decade.  Bulk/ensemble analytical methods fail to describe the mixing state of the particle population, and sometimes can struggle with accounting for changes in number concentration of small particles, which do not constitute a large influence on the total aerosol mass, but can be important for cloud properties, for instance.  
Both types of information are valuable, but which one you require depends very heavily on the type of scientific question you plan to ask.  If you're looking for a study where both are used, I'd recommend the attached companion papers by Dall'Osto et al. and Decesari et al. where they use both techniques to characterize aerosol in the marine boundary layer.  There are a lot of examples of studies where it is stressed that one of the two approaches is more appropriate for a certain application, but without knowledge of your scientific question, this would be difficult to help you assess which would be more appropriate.
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
2 answers
Can the process of norming and peer-pressuring towards an organizational identity be used to overcome faulty personal identity or beliefs? Recent papers?
Relevant answer
Answer
Sure. Consider the experience of the concentration camps.
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
6 answers
I would like to know how ideology is evolved within an individual 
Relevant answer
Answer
the internet provides a powerful and accessible means for radical ideas to be shared and reinforced among st large audiences. motivational factors make it more likely that someone may want to utilize the favorable conditions presented by modern technology to subscribe to radicalized ideas. Of course, with  large percentages of the world’s population in poverty and indeed many sections of wealthier societies experiencing varying levels of discrimination on grounds such as ethnicity or religion, these motivational factors alone are not enough to explain how an individual could be radicalized. It is perhaps the ideologies of groups which are the key area where a difference can be seen between radicalization and violent radicalization.
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
8 answers
Privacy of an individual is important, but sometime it requires invasion by the state authorities. With the technological advancement, specifically in information technology, privacy of an individual at stake. Do you think that strict legislation to save the privacy is required..?
Relevant answer
Answer
This is a question with lots of possible answers.
The short answer: Definitely, with certain exceptions.
There is always the question of community welfare vs. individual freedom.   In a public communication (social) network, it is almost impossible for individual participants to have complete privacy.   This is the case in any public network, since we identify ourselves to be a member of such a network.
The one sure way to protect one's individual privacy is to use non-electronic (traditional) means of communication (e.g., handwritten notes and letters).
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
3 answers
My current research seeks to assess whether a leader is value-based and also to determine individual value systems. I have considered Rokeach (1973) but found it to cumbersome and complex to use. Also not sure how one would analyse the data obtained from using the instrument.
Relevant answer
Answer
Daniel,
Values surveys like Rokeach and Schwartz try to be comprehensive, measuring an extremely broad range of human values. When you mention a leader being "value-based," you probably have some specific values in mind (concern for employees, concern for the environment, etc.). You are probably not thinking of someone who is primarily motivated by self-interest or someone who highly values cleanliness; however both of these people could be said to provide values-based leadership if these values are motivating their behaviors which influence others.
I would recommend identifying the specific values that interest you. Then find (or create) a specific measure for each value. You can measure these specific values and the specific outcome that you're interested in (company profits, employee satisfaction, etc.) and test to see if there is a relationship between the strength of the values and outcome.
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
10 answers
I have been searching and my best options for individual assessment, so far, are the Test of Early Numeracy and the Number Sense Brief. I would really like to use a group administered test.
Relevant answer
Answer
HI Erin - 
My colleagues and I modified two early numeracy CBMs to fit a group administered format for K and 1st grade students. The measures tap into two number sense proficiencies: quantity discrimination and missing number (i.e., strategic counting). Following CBM logic, both measures are fluency-based (1 min) and are administered with standardized directions. We've begun to gather some technical adequacy information on the measures, and so far things look quite acceptable. If you'd like additional information, please feel free to contact me at: cdoabler@uoregon.edu or my work number is 541-346-8358. 
Best, 
Chris
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
15 answers
I'm currently designing an experiment to test intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.  However, I need to separate my subjects into two groups.  I planned to do this by assessing the level of motivation that is, group 1 will consist of highly motivated individuals and group 2. will consist of low motivated individuals.  I'm having problems finding an assessment that I can separate the individuals.  Can anyone help me?
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Jane,
Here are some questionnaires / scales for assessing motivation that might be useful. However, these questionnaires are mainly focused on assessing the strength of intrinsic motivation or individual’s motivational orientation, not the total level of motivation.
1) Mayo’s Task Reaction Questionnaire (TRQ)
2) Amabile, Teresa – Hill, Karl – Hennesey, Beth – Tighe, Elisabeth (1994) The Work Preference Inventory: Assessing Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivational Orientations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 66 (5), 950–967.
3) Gagné, Marylène – Forest, Jacques – Gilbert, Marie-Hélène – Aubé, Caroline – Morin, Estelle – Malorni, Angela (2010) The Motivation at Work Scale: Validation Evidence in Two Languages. Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 70(4), 628 –646.
4) Tremblay, Maxime A. – Blanchard, Céline M. – Taylor, Sara – Pelletier, Luc G. – Villeneuve, Martin (2009) Work Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation Scale: Its Value for Organizational Psychology Research. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, Vol. 41(4), 213–226
5) Job Diagnostic Survey (JDS) developed by Hackman and Oldham (1975)
 6) Intrinsic Motivation Inventory (IMI) (http://www.selfdeterminationtheory.org)
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
7 answers
my group is working on an intelligent system to determine the attractiveness of an individual's face. Can anyone suggest facial features we can use to train the system excluding geometrical features such as ration of eyes distance to length of nose.
Relevant answer
Answer
Just a couple of thoughts.
This is hard, I suggest, because (i) attractiveness is strongly culturally and fashion determined, and (ii) it is often determined by the way the features move rather than by their static configuration.
Asymmetry and deformity is always unattractive?
Not obvious to me that you need an intelligent system to assess attractiveness. E.G. sexual attractiveness has not got too much to do with intelligence?
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
3 answers
May be there are many theories to explain the behavior of individuals. However, I do not know any model used to predict behaviors especially in work settings.
Relevant answer
Answer
In economics we have the Keynesian Marginal Propensity to Consumer (MPC), a psychological law that predicts on average how much of an additional dollar people will spend. John Maynard Keynes is credited with this law. He place the short term value of MPC at around 70 percent. Many other hypothesis were developed afterwards--relative income, permanent income, and life cycle hypotheses are the most famous ones.
The father of economic, Adam Smith, made psychological assumption is his book the "Wealth of Nation." A famous one is that people have the desire to better their conditions. Another one is that people have the propensity to procreate. These may appear trivial but they are important driver for the creation of wealth of a nation, and employmet..
Besides psychological laws, economist use a set of Great Ratio to predict. They include capital/labor, capital/output, household size, institutional population, and labor force participation rate.
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
2 answers
Maybe it is possible use amazon mechanical turk to make researches about a lots of topics and ivestigate culture influence.
Relevant answer
Answer
Unfortunately, amazon have tightened the rules even further very recently. This has now extended beyond the difficulties of just getting an account; now those who own an MTurk account (US or international) can't add money to their existing account without a US social security number.
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
3 answers
Hi, 
What programs would you recommend for relatedness determination using microsatellites? This is for 3-4 individuals and 13 msats, give or take. 
Thanks
Relevant answer
Answer
Following the review by Blouin (2003), you can use several approaches (see below)
Of those I have only tried ML-Relate, and it was very useful and a friendly software.
Good luck.
Blouin, M.S. (2003). DNA-based methods for pedigree reconstruction and kinship analysis in natural
populations. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 18(10): p. 503-511.
1/2/1d61c790e8ccb9cb009b64285d95b34a.
1- Calculate several Relatedness statistics in SPAGEDI
(see Steinauer, M.L., B. Hanelt, L.E. Agola, G.M. Mkoji, and E.S. Loker (2009). Genetic structure of Schistosoma mansoni in western Kenya: The effects of geography and host sharing. International Journal for Parasitology, 39(12): p. 1353-1362.
2/2/c647f6423226fc12fe4137b37da2bf99.
2- Calculate maximum likelihood estimates of relatedness and relationship.
ML-Relate is designed for microsatellite data, and can accommodate null alleles.
Kalinowski, S.T., A.P. Wagner, and M.L. Taper (2006). ML-Relate: a computer program for maximum likelihood
estimation of relatedness and relationship. Mol Ecol Notes, 6: p. 576-579.
3- Ashley, M.V., I.C. Caballero, W. Chaovalitwongse, B. Dasgupta, P. Govindan, S.I. Sheikh, and T.Y.
Berger-Wolf (2009). KINALYZER, a computer program for reconstructing sibling groups.
Molecular Ecology Resources, 9(4): p. 1127-1131. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-
0998.2009.02562.x.
4- Konovalov, D.A., C. Manning, and M.T. Henshaw (2004). kingroup: a program for pedigree relationship reconstruction and kin group assignments using genetic markers. Molecular Ecology
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
21 answers
Investigating/Assessing the criminal tendencies in an Individual.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks, Naeem. I don't think any of the tools listed are of use for interrogation officers. No test we have in mental health can provide sufficient positive or negative predictive power to be meaningful in terms of evaluating guilt to innocence see for instance (see for instance Steve Hart's very valuable reflection on these issues, downloadable from SFU at http://www.sfu.ca/psyc/faculty/hart/Hart,_SFU_Website/Publications_files/Hart,%202004-2011,%20EAPL,%20Complexity,%20uncertainty,%20and%20risk%20assessment.pdf. )
There are some tools that have been developed to assist police or probation make decisions regarding future risk, such as the ODARA in relation to spousal abuse. Tools mentioned above such as the LSI are valuable for convicted populations to help evaluate risk and target interventions. There are likely to be major ethical issues with using psychological assessment tools for interrogation purposes. 
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
5 answers
I think its a simple question just need some clarification.
If we are doing a complete bird survey of an area after every 15 days (2 times per month), and say in the 1st survey we found 100 individuals of 10 species and in the 2nd we found 150 individuals of 12 species (10 species same like last but different number of individuals in 2nd survey) , what will be the Shannon diversity index for that whole month?
Should we take the maximum number of individuals from both surveys and find Shannon index?
And same in this way if we have data for one year how can we find Shannon Index for one whole year? 
Regards
Relevant answer
Answer
After to evaluate the differential observability of each group of species as William says, and retaining an homogenous observability-rate group (normally excluding raptors, aquatic and cryptic species), my suggestion is to use the two surveys per month as subsamples. That means, that the abundance of each species is the maximal number of individuals between both subsamples. Note that the richness will be the total number of species observed along the whole month. A good idea would be to show the diversity index per month, but if you are interested in to show the variation along the year you can use the range plus the mean and a dispersion measurement. If you are interested in to have only one value of diversity index per year, and if you think that the diversity and composition is relatively constant along the year, a possibility is to proceed with all the 24 measurements as subsumples as mentioned above.
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
18 answers
'Ubuntu" departs from a premise that a person is an individual in relation to others. Which simply means you are a person because of others.
Relevant answer
Answer
I do believe that a person gets one's identity from one's community/association/society and whatever categories are possible to identify people with same way of life. Converse is also true, a group is formed of individuals. The Ubuntu philosophy makes entire community responsible for individual's action so more control of community on individuals. As such it may be contrasted with the Western philosophy of Individualism where in individual eventually does not remain an agent of the society but force of capitalism where all means and resources of production becomes private property of individual rather common property and common resources. In real terms it is "Tragedy/Death of Commons".
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
6 answers
How could we perform our individual intelligence based on collective intelligence? What about measures of individual intelligence or collective intelligence?
Relevant answer
Answer
I suggest you read the book Programming Collective Intelligence. You may click the following link to get some information in detail.
  • asked a question related to Individuality
Question
14 answers
Social media platforms, such as Facebook and Twitter, allow people to share personal stories, pictures, opinions etc. They contribute to what Rainie & Wellman call "networked individualism" (http://networked.pewinternet.org/2012/05/24/networked-individualism-what-in-the-world-is-that-2/). At the same time, some scholars argue that social media create echo chambers and cyber balkanization, where users only get to see the content they are already interested in. Thus, social media would lead to more groupthink and less individualism. What's your stance on the question? Do social media increase individualism? Or do they lead to more streamlined and less individualistic lifestyles and behavior?
Relevant answer
Answer
In my opinion yes social media is making us less individual....
My friend liked this picture and shared it with me so im also gonna like it........ (the same is the case with info toughts and posts etc......)