Questions related to Immigration
This question is inspired in the article of yesterday by John Horvat II https://www.returntoorder.org/2014/07/saint-thomas-say-immigration-2/?pkg=rtoe0886
In looking at the debate over immigration, it is almost automatically assumed that the Church’s position is one of unconditional charity toward those who enter the nation, legally or illegally.
However, is this the case? What does the Bible say about immigration? What do Church doctors and theologians say? Above all, what does the greatest of doctors, Saint Thomas Aquinas, say about immigration? Does his opinion offer some insights to the burning issues now shaking the nation and blurring the national borders?
Saint Thomas: “Man’s relations with foreigners are twofold: peaceful, and hostile: and in directing both kinds of relation the Law contained suitable precepts.”
Commentary: In making this affirmation, Saint Thomas affirms that not all immigrants are equal. Every nation has the right to decide which immigrants are beneficial, that is, “peaceful,” to the common good. As a matter of self-defense, the State can reject those criminal elements, traitors, enemies and others who it deems harmful or “hostile” to its citizens.
The second thing he affirms is that the manner of dealing with immigration is determined by law in the cases of both beneficial and “hostile” immigration. The State has the right and duty to apply its law.
Saint Thomas: “For the Jews were offered three opportunities of peaceful relations with foreigners. First, when foreigners passed through their land as travelers. Secondly, when they came to dwell in their land as newcomers. And in both these respects the Law made kind provision in its precepts: for it is written (Exodus 22:21): ’Thou shalt not molest a stranger [advenam]’; and again (Exodus 22:9): ’Thou shalt not molest a stranger [peregrino].’”
Commentary: Here Saint Thomas acknowledges the fact that others will want to come to visit or even stay in the land for some time. Such foreigners deserved to be treated with charity, respect and courtesy, which is due to any human of good will. In these cases, the law can and should protect foreigners from being badly treated or molested.
Saint Thomas: “Thirdly, when any foreigners wished to be admitted entirely to their fellowship and mode of worship. With regard to these a certain order was observed. For they were not at once admitted to citizenship: just as it was law with some nations that no one was deemed a citizen except after two or three generations, as the Philosopher says (Polit. iii, 1).”
Commentary: Saint Thomas recognizes that there will be those who will want to stay and become citizens of the lands they visit. However, he sets as the first condition for acceptance a desire to integrate fully into what would today be considered the culture and life of the nation.
A second condition is that the granting of citizenship would not be immediate. The integration process takes time. People need to adapt themselves to the nation. He quotes the philosopher Aristotle as saying this process was once deemed to take two or three generations. Saint Thomas himself does not give a time frame for this integration, but he does admit that it can take a long time.
Saint Thomas: “The reason for this was that if foreigners were allowed to meddle with the affairs of a nation as soon as they settled down in its midst, many dangers might occur, since the foreigners not yet having the common good firmly at heart might attempt something hurtful to the people.”
Commentary: The common sense of Saint Thomas is certainly not politically correct but it is logical. The theologian notes that living in a nation is a complex thing. It takes time to know the issues affecting the nation. Those familiar with the long history of their nation are in the best position to make the long-term decisions about its future. It is harmful and unjust to put the future of a place in the hands of those recently arrived, who, although through no fault of their own, have little idea of what is happening or has happened in the nation. Such a policy could lead to the destruction of the nation.
As an illustration of this point, Saint Thomas later notes that the Jewish people did not treat all nations equally since those nations closer to them were more quickly integrated into the population than those who were not as close. Some hostile peoples were not to be admitted at all into full fellowship due to their enmity toward the Jewish people.
Saint Thomas: “Nevertheless it was possible by dispensation for a man to be admitted to citizenship on account of some act of virtue: thus it is related (Judith 14:6) that Achior, the captain of the children of Ammon, ‘was joined to the people of Israel, with all the succession of his kindred.’”
Commentary: That is to say, the rules were not rigid. There were exceptions that were granted based on the circumstances. However, such exceptions were not arbitrary but always had in mind the common good. The example of Achior describes the citizenship bestowed upon the captain and his children for the good services rendered to the nation.
* * *
These are some of the thoughts of Saint Thomas Aquinas on the matter of immigration based on biblical principles. It is clear that immigration must have two things in mind: the first is the nation’s unity; and the second is the common good.
Immigration should have as its goal integration, not disintegration or segregation. The immigrant should not only desire to assume the benefits but the responsibilities of joining into the full fellowship of the nation. By becoming a citizen, a person becomes part of a broad family over the long term and not a shareholder in a joint stock company seeking only short-term self-interest.
Secondly, Saint Thomas teaches that immigration must have in mind the common good; it cannot destroy or overwhelm a nation.
This explains why so many Americans experience uneasiness caused by massive and disproportional immigration. Such policy artificially introduces a situation that destroys common points of unity and overwhelms the ability of a society to absorb new elements organically into a unified culture. The common good is no longer considered.
A proportional immigration has always been a healthy development in a society since it injects new life and qualities into a social body. But when it loses that proportion and undermines the purpose of the State, it threatens the well-being of the nation.
When this happens, the nation would do well to follow the advice of Saint Thomas Aquinas and biblical principles. The nation must practice justice and charity towards all, including foreigners, but it must above all safeguard the common good and its unity, without which no country can long endure.
I am looking for few scholars to collaborate with me and my colleague, Dr. Zulema Suarez, on Islamophobia study in Eureapen countries ( France, UK ) and Canada and the USA. Are you interested?
We have already collected dada from the US and we need similar samples from UK, France, and Canada
If you are interested, please email me back asap.
Have you ever wished you were a citizen of another country other than your current one?
Please share your opinions.
Hi, I have 13 survey items with the response options YES and NO. For example, the respondent may indicates YES or NO when asked if they have a reliable method of transportation.
I would like to include the percentage of respondents who indicated YES across the 13 items using GGPLOT2's bar chart option. My code is pasted below. As of now, I am able to plot a single bar chart that delineates the number of respondents who responded YES across the 13 items (each of the items are represented in the x-axis; count of YES's is reported via the y-axis).
However, I would like the y-axis to reflect percentages if possible. Here is my R syntax (I also attached a text file showing the R syntax...formatting seems off when copying and pasting to this message box):
gather(factors, count, -dat.Record.ID) %>%
ggplot(aes(factors)) + theme_minimal() + theme(axis.text.x = element_text(angle = 90, hjust=1)) +
labels=c("Living Conditions", "Inability to Pay Utilities", "Poor Environmental Conditions",
"Low Household Income", "Guardian(s) Job Status", "Cost of Nutritional Food",
"Availability of Nutritional Food","Lack of Access to Health Insurance", "Domestic Violence",
"Crime Rate in Community", "Limited Access to Reliable Transportation", "Homelessness",
Recently, the president of the United States threatened to issue a tariff against Mexico if the government of Mexico doesn't help lower the number of illegal immigrants into the USA from Latin American countries. Do you think a tariff can be an effective government policy to persuade a border country to change their policy? Why or why not? Are there other real-world examples?
I am looking for articles on the subject of immigrants' length of stay in a country having an effect on them. As in becoming more/less like natives.
Discussions about how to deal with demographic ageing and shrinking are taking place in increasing numbers of countries, especially in East Asia and Europe. Japan is my focus. So, is large scale immigration a solution to the perceived problems of ageing and depopulation in developed countries, but particularly in Japan and East Asia?
Does climate change, such as global warming, lead to population moment from one place to another? I am beginning a paper exploring the link between climate change and immigration, using the case of Africa. I seek your advice on research resources that can be helpful, even if they are based on studies outside the African continent. Thank you in advance for your help.
I would like to invite you to answer this question that interests me according to the opinion you have on this question.
I am trying to find some literature on the relation between consumption, identity and migration in order to improve a research proposal. So, I would like to ask, does anyone have any suggestions regarding the effects of migration on identity through consumption? Is there any suggestion or any research on that issue?
USA Approved Permanent Immigration Using The EB-5 Investment Program. Family May Qualify.
The above is the ad that I mentioned in the question. What is your take on it in terms of the current situation in the USA?
I would like to know whether migration is bad for the originating countries/regions, or has some positive implications that are mostly ignored in socio-economic studies.
Immigration or deportation is one of the most important life events with traumatic effects. Especially, if it causes losses such as injury and death. Will it overtake the traumatic effects that have happened as long as 70 years? What are the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in individuals over the years? Does the individual's well-being increased by improvement of psychological hardiness?
See my Book: Learning from My Mother's Voice: Family Legend and the Chinese American Immigration Experience. Can you develop your family legend by sharing your narrative as a tool to heal and bond among immigrant families?
I am interviewing politically active and conservative Christians in Norway to find out how they use Christian teachings and the Bible in order to formulate and justify attitudes and policies regarding immigration and particularly immigration of Muslims. Observing that there is a curvilinear relationship between church-involvement and prejudice going all the back to the research of Gordon Allport and others I want to understand if this association is relevant in the context I am investigating.
Visa decisions on Illegal Maritime Arrivals/refugees are complex & complicated.Organizational culture of the DIBP may have an influence of their visa decisions.Therefore, measuring DIBP organizational culture is important to critically analyze DIBP decisions.
I and my co-worker, would be travelling to India and back, from Mexico. We have stop over in USA , where we will have to change planes, etc.
While going to India and returning, we would like to take with us geological rock samples (not soil) of no commercial value, such as obsidian, ignimbrite, basalts and mylonite.
I have done this several times in India and Europe with no problem, but what about USA? I have heard that the customs and immigration in USA is extraordinary.
Thanks for the advice.
I am trying to find legal decisions relating to immigration detention in the US (specifically involving people seeking asylum). Is the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights the most promising place to look? If so, does anyone have any tips on easy ways to navigate the decision archives?
Are there any key domestic decisions which refer to international human rights law?
On a similar note, what are the best/key NGO reports related to human rights/poor conditions in US immigration detention that have been published in recent years?
My research is based on the lifestyle factors that affect African immigrants in the development of type 2 diabetes. I am trying to get articles to review before i start work on data collection and the rest. I have found very few papers among this population as most articles are either based on African-American or African-Caribbean which are not my population of interest. I also will like to know if this is a good research area. Thank you for any useful suggestions.
What are the benefits of estimation of the psychological profile of immigrants living for some time in a host country?
I am trying to take a philosophical approach in trying to explain why immigrants are more entrepreneurial than indigenous South Africans. While I finding out that risk perception may have something to do with it, I am not convinced this explains the differences adequately. A more philosophical approach using authenticity is what I would like to explore.
In particular I'm looking at the impacts that Russian architecture leave on harbin contemporary architecture and culture as well. And I am reading the book of difting" architecture and migrancy, any other books or theories discuss about the issues?
I want to do research on the effect of international migration on wages and productivity in the construction industry in the Netherlands. My supervisor suggested a Granger causality test. I couldn't find specific data on the amount of labor immigrants in the construction industry, so my supervisor suggested to use the found data on immigrants with labor as a motive as a proxy variable. What do I need as input data for wages and productivity to make this model work? And how do I present this in an excel sheet or in stata?
I am looking for research on the impact of US education on immigrant and refugee children. Any help is appreciated.
My research topic is about the perceptions and experiences of immigrants in their integration in the labour market. Can anybody suggest any tools or standard questionnaires to measure perceptions and experiences?
I am looking forward to any suggestions on how to structure my thesis as I wanted to do quantitative research. Thanks
Currently I am working on the portrayal of immigration and immigrants in US newspapers from the 1870s to the 1920s. As my prime source I use ProQuest Historical Newspapers. For each decades the search (I use keywords: immigration or immigrant) produces several thousands of texts. As I'm most interested in the discourse, using the method of discourse analysis and frame analysis. Therefore I concentrate on editorial articles, however, a lot of interesting information is also in news pieces. Therefore I wonder what sample size I should use to reduce the results to the size that I could work on. My research is qualitative, however, I want to make sure that the content analysis meets its requirements.
In another thread on the issue of International Human Rights law that has proven very popular, I have noticed that the discussion has degenerated into a a quasi-vitriolic exchange between pro versus anti-immigration sentiments. My question is this: given the incendiary rhetoric, particularly in Europe, concerning immigration, is it possible, for purposes of formal academic analysis to separate the wider problem of immigration from the narrower, and more technical issue, of multi-culturalism? That is, to what extent is it possible to discuss and analyze the question of movements of peoples across borders (a universal phenomenon within World History) as a separate issue from the managerial, technocratic, bureaucratic and bio-power dimensions of the social engineering process known as multi-culturalism, which seems to be wholly unique to Western Europe, North America, and Australasia?
In Poland an entry ban was also applied in asylum cases, accordingly, for a certain time. Fortunately this practice has now been abolished.
I want to measure social and cultural integration of IDP's. Is there any scale to measure their level of integration in the society?
What has Led to the Resurgence of Migration from Developing to Developed Countries?
Is this a Modern form of Slavery in Disguise?
Who Caused What: The Enemy Within or Without?
Is this the Beginning of the End for the World?
I am looking about immigrant entrepreneurship for theory building for Middle East and especially Syrian immigrant. Also any articles about immigrant entrepreneurs, who are escaped from war.
Following the norms and values of other cultures creates the issue of authenticity and genuineness in our discourse and behavior once we seek harmony and appropriacy to properly integrate in the other culture.
Submit a response (500-800 words) to the Journal of Bioethical Inquiry (JBI) for inclusion in the 13(1) issue to be published in March 2016:
I am interested in knowing what would have been like for an exiled woman - a widow (with legal agency) with a noble rank of Marquesa - to have lived in Puerto Rico between 1821 and 1850 - in relative poverty. Please suggest books and papers.
Monocultural nationalism illustrated by the rise of populist anti immigrant sentiment and political rhetoric in some EU states has been fuelled by the recent economic downturn.
I am looking for statistics (official or unofficial) on the residence rights of EU citizens in Italy.
In particular, I am trying to find out the number of residence documents issued to EU citizens and family members in Italy, as well as numbers of EU citizens expelled from Italy. (This includes but is not limited to the expulsion of members of the Roma community).
I have already consulted ISTAT (only total EU resident numbers available) and sent information requests to the Ministero dell'Interno (no response).
I would like to use it to assess the participant´s acculturative attitudes in my study. But I am having problems finding it.
Looking for statistical information
- Immigration London (last 20 years)
- City government policies
- Socio political analysis
I am trying to find out what primary school children know and think of the different types of families that exist today (i.e., single-parent families, reconstructed families, extended families, immigrant families, LGBT parent families, etc.)... Is there a validated test or questionnaire for this?
What are the Migrant International laws that deal with the challenging migration crisis in Europe Presently?
The "openness" or "closeness" of public institutions vis a vis the actions undertaken by the migrant/ethnic entrepreneurs to transform the city would either allow such transformation to take place authentically or not allow it to take place. In such context:
- How does cultural distance between immigrants and natives determine that "openness" or "closeness"?
- Would the following assertions always hold true: "the higher the cultural distance, the higher the control" and "the lower the cultural distance, the lower the control"?
Thanks for sharing your thoughts!
I am currently working on 'ethnic/migrant entrepreneurship, ethnocultural diversity and innovation in cities'.
Within the process of the transformation of ethnic neighbourhoods into places of leisure, tourism and consumption (for example, Aytar and Rath, 2012; Hiebert, Rath and Vertovec, 2015; Rath, 2007), the commodification of ethnocultural diversity by ethnic/migrant entrepreneurs, amongst others, is crucial. However, I found no references on how such a diversity commodification takes part in the transformation of the - whole - city.
Thus, I would infer that the transformation of ethnic neighbourhoods is actually - a kind of "proxy" of - the transformation of the city itself. What you do think? Is that the only way ethnic/migrant entrepreneurship may contribute to the transformation of the city?
Thanks for sharing your thoughts!
Integrated Threat Theory (ITT) argues that when e.g. US citizens perceive Hispanic immigrants to compete for limited ressources (realisitc threat) or to undermine American values and change America's culture (symbolic threat), the perceived threat causes prejudice.
Stephan, W. G., & Renfro, C. L. (2002). The role of threat in intergroup relations. In D. M. Mackie & E. R. Smith (Eds.), From Prejudice to Intergroup Emotions: Differentiated Reactions to Social Groups (pp. 191–207). New York: Psychology Press.
Stephan, W. G., & Stephan, C. W. (2000). An integrated threat theory of prejudice. In S. Oskamp (Ed.), Reducing prejudice and discrimination (pp. 23–45). Mahwah, N.J.: Psychology Press.
While I really like the theory, I was wondering if noone ever tried to challenge the ITT or if anyone has ever questioned its additonal use beyond classical Social Identity Theory assumptions?
Could anyone refer me to a critical article?
We are having a hard time finding sources that describe what it was like to learn English in the United States historically. Particularly missing is the colonial period.
Does anyone know where I can find panel data in the form of (country X> country Y in the year T): the number of immigrants.
I am especially interested in migration processes in the EU.
Thank you in advance for your help
Migration defined as to-stay and work- extended cases may include visitors participating in a "second-home" scheme
Network effect defined and understood as existing ties mainly socio-cultural in nature. As in the waves of immigrants, historically-recorded between pairs of countries.
Policy-induced effects may include a more relaxed immigration ruling, favorable education incentives, health-case benefits etc.
I am writing a PhD chapter about the workplace encounters between my research participants (Polish migrant women) and the local population in Barcelona. I realise the scarcity of materials about the workplace encounters. I am also interested in how the structure of the workplaces influences everyday interaction at work.
the particular case has to do with immigration figures. I want to use actual immigration flows as a proxy for immigration policies of counties by adjusting the figures for other known push and pull factors that influence migration. This is
done in the trade literature and I am wondering if anyone knows of any pieces discussing this practice.
Botswana immigration law does not allow reasons to be given to non citizens whose applications for permits to stay in the country are rejected? Is this common practice? And is it good for attracting foreign investment?
Is there a country that links (today or in the past) its immigration, naturalization or citizenship policy to a certain religious affiliation?
In Israel this connection is obvious, so I wonder whether there are any parallels.
I am conducting some research on how poverty rates for European youth have changed over time. I essentially measure increases/decreases in youth poverty and which groups have been affected by such changes. One of my findings is that in western Europe the gap between migrants and non-migrants increases over time: while in the mid-1990s the risk of poverty for young migrants and non-migrants was quite similar, by the mid-2000s young migrants were much more likely to be poor.
While I have been studying poverty for a while my knowledge of research on poverty and migration is fairly limited, so I ask:
Which literature would you recommend for me to get a grasp of factors that explain poverty among young migrants in western Europe? Is there any literature that has dealt with change over time?
I have found some literature that explains how migrants have been particularly affected by the recession, but not much from the earlier period (1990s to 2000s).
Any suggestions will be much appreciated
Specifically the role of planning and policy in international migration issues especially on the receiving countries of immigrants especially developing ones. Any key articles?
(Whether immigrants should get benefits and why/why not for example.) I expected there would be some (particularly given how much is known quantitatively through things like the British Social Attitude Survey and the topicality of this issue) but I am coming up empty on google scholar. (This may partly be a problem of rather "generic" search terms like attitude, welfare, immigrants and so on.)
I am studying these enterprises as an attempt to understand how theoretically, these enterprises, conceptualised as occurring in developing society, differ from those occurring in western/developed ones. First, I want to contribute to the growing immigrant entrepreneurial literature, and also interrogate it. On the flip side of it, the study is also a contribution to south-south migration which is often difficult to find in the migration literature.
One key objective is to examine Nigerian migrants' propensity to self employment, but also I want to explore how their activities serve as continuity, or discontinuity/break to those pursued by their fore bearers in Accra. Of course issues about operational strategies and profiling will also be explored.
I will be interested in suggestions that point to appropriate methodological strategies including sampling, data collection instruments and analyses.
I am looking for an instrument to measure acculturative stress among Iranian immigrant couples who at least one of the couples is post-graduate student in Malaysia. It should be included all aspects of this risk factor, such as the death or illness of family members in absence of them in Iran, financial problems, academic problems, religious freedom problems, health problems, weather problem (such as the danger of Dangi), job problem, and problems with training the children in a strange environment/culture. Although I already found some, they don't sound to be suitable for my research. Would you please give me some help? Anyone knows any acculturative stress scale?
I am looking for book or journal resources on the USA social history, specifically how immigration policy and vaccination/medical exams for immigration process have changed over time. I am interested in state politics and specific archival data documenting these shifts. Any information is much appreciated!
Could someone conceptualize the Decent Work framework with reference to the situation of developing countries like India whose comparative advantage in the global market lies in their cheap and depressed wages and labour conditions? I seek to understand this from the perspective of labour rights in developing countries for immigrants.
I am conducting a research on the influence that the migrant experience has on increasing the risk of migrant farmworkers' children developing adulthood depression
According to art. 3.8 of the directive 2008/115 "voluntary departure" means compliance with the obligation to return within the time-limit fixed for that purpose in the return decision. Is it right to use this notion interchangeably with the notion "voluntary return"?
This topic becomes increasingly important especially for Germany's rural areas. I would like to develop strategies based on the framework of institutional economy.