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Publications related to ICA (10,000)
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In this introductory essay to The Oxford handbook of cognitive archaeology, we present and define the field, distinguishing it within the broader discipline as the branch concerned with human cognition and typically adopting cognitive paradigms as the basis for its interpretations. We discuss the two main investigatory branches, the Evolutionary Co...
Article
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The Universum data, which indicates a sample that does not belong to any of the classes, has been proved to be useful in supervised learning. The researchers have explored the support vector machine (SVM) and its twin variants by embedding them with Universum data for classifying the electroencephalogram (EEG) signal. To improve generalization perf...
Article
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Background and Aim: Campylobacteriosis causes gastrointestinal tract lesions in adults and children and may result in severe complications. The primary sources of infection are infected animals and animal products. Immunochemical methods effectively diagnose intestinal infections but require highly specific antigens to detect their antibodies. This...
Article
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This paper gives a concise study of I.C. Analysis. Moreover, this is a method of sentence analysis which was first mentioned by Leonard Bloomfield and developed further by Rulon Wells. As we know, the practice of I.C. Analysis is now widespread. This paper starts with a brief introduction of I.C. Analysis and explores what is I.C. Analysis. It also...
Article
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Blood blister-like aneurysms (BBAs) are rare cerebrovascular lesions that face serious challenges in surgical as well as endovascular treatment. In this paper, we present our experience in treating BBAs using the LVIS EVO stents. A total of 10 patients (mean age of 56.1 years) with 13 BBAs, who were admitted to our university hospital between April...
Article
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Despite the notable recent developments in the field of remote photoplethysmography (rPPG), extracting a reliable pulse rate variability (PRV) signal still remains a challenge. In this study, eight image-based photoplethysmography (iPPG) extraction methods (GRD, AGRD, PCA, ICA, LE, SPE, CHROM, and POS) were compared in terms of pulse rate (PR) and...
Article
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PurposeThis study aimed to investigate changes in dynamic functional network connectivity (FNC) in patients with vestibular migraine (VM) and explore their relationship with clinical manifestations.Methods Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) data were scanned from 35 VM patients without peripheral vestibular lesion and 40...
Article
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Little is known about the neural basis of lower and higher-order olfactory functions such as odor memory, compared with other sensory systems. The aim of this study was to explore neural networks and correlates associated with three functions: passive smelling (PS), odor encoding (OE) and in particular odor recognition memory (ORM). Twenty-six heal...
Article
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Background Glomerular damage is a common clinical indicator of nephrotic syndrome. High-dose hormone treatment often leads to hormone resistance in patients. How to avoid resistance and improve the efficiency of hormone therapy draws much attention to clinicians. Methods Adriamycin (ADR) was used to induce nephropathy model in SD rats. The rats we...
Article
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PurposeDevelopmental absence of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is a rare congenital anomaly that results from an insult to the third aortic arch or dorsal aorta during early embryogenesis. Patients are often asymptomatic and are diagnosed incidentally during imaging to investigate neurological complaints.Methods We report a rare finding of an ab...
Article
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EEG signals may be affected by physiological and non-physiological artifacts hindering the analysis of brain activity. Blind source separation methods such as independent component analysis (ICA) are effective ways of improving signal quality by removing components representing non-brain activity. However, most ICA-based artifact removal strategies...
Article
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Background and Objectives: Anatomical variations of the arterial circle of Willis (cW) are common. A posterior cerebral artery (PCA) fed mostly or exclusively from the internal carotid artery is a fetal PCA (FPCA), partial (p-FPCA), or full/complete (f-FPCA), respectively. Because FPCA occurs in different anatomical configurations of the cW sides,...
Article
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Background and Objective: Mental workload (MWL) is a relevant construct involved in all cognitively demanding activities, and its assessment is an important goal in many research fields. This paper aims at evaluating the reproducibility and sensitivity of MWL assessment from EEG signals considering the effects of different electrode configurations...
Article
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Background The SYNTAX score (SS) was created to aid the Heart Team in assessing the severity and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with multi-vessel disease, hence helping in the decision between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). SS is an important tool that assesses the angiographic...
Preprint
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Purpose The diagnostic performance of the SYNTAX score 2020 (SS-2020) when calculated using CCTA remains unknown. This study aimed to compare treatment recommendations based on the SS-2020 derived from coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) versus invasive coronary angiography (ICA). Methods This interim analysis included 57 of the planned...
Article
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As the responsibility for governments to account and be transparent evolves, access to information is becoming a significant tool in that regard. As such, most countries prioritised access to archives to uphold accountability and transparency, particularly in democratic states. However, for some institutions, access to archives is still a challenge...
Article
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Aim Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) can cause intraventricular conduction disturbances (ICA), particularly left bundle branch block (BBB) and high-degree atrioventricular block (HAVB). The aim of this study was to investigate clinical, anatomical, procedural, and electrophysiological parameters predicting ICA after TAVR. Methods Pati...
Article
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Many pathogenic bacteria form biofilms to survive under environmental stresses and host immune defenses. Differential expression (DE) analysis of the genes in biofilm and planktonic cells under a single condition, however, has limitations to identify the genes essential for biofilm formation. Independent component analysis (ICA), a machine learning...
Article
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Background Intralesional corticosteroid administration (ICA) is a first-line treatment for keloids. However, its clinical results are still highly variable and often suboptimal. Treatment results may strongly be influenced by various operator dependent factors. The aim of this study is to map the details of ICA in keloids described in randomized co...
Article
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MIMO with OFDM is a powerful communication technology in both army and civilian environments. Because there is no prior knowledge of carrier state information or signal overlapping in MIMO‐OFDM systems, outdated probability and feature‐based approaches can be applied. However, these methods cannot easily be used to provide the channel characteristi...
Article
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Aim Resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) is often used to infer regional brain interactions from the degree of temporal correlation between spontaneous low-frequency fluctuations, thought to reflect local changes in the BOLD signal due to neuronal activity. One complication in the analysis and interpretation of rs-fMRI data is the existence of non-neuronal...
Article
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In this paper, the novel heuristic search algorithm called Smart Root Search (SRS) was examined for solving a set of different-sized service time–cost optimization in cloud computing service composition (STCOCCSC) problems, and its performance was compared with those of the ICACRO-C, ICACRO-I, ICA, and Niching PSO algorithms. STCOCCSC is an np-hard...
Preprint
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Background Icariin (ICA), an active ingredient extracted from a natural plant called Epimedii, has shown a broad application prospect in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Nevertheless, its potential therapeutic mechanism remains largely unknown.The present study aims to investigate the therapeutic effect and the underlying mechanism of ICA...
Article
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Endo-vascular interventions are relatively safer compared to open vascular procedures. They require specialized radio-opaque hardwares, accidental retention, or dislodgement of which may lead to serious complications. Hence, we need to be very cautious during the procedure, and whenever there is a loss, retention, or migration of hardware is suspec...
Article
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Background Patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) have various vascular diseases due to the vascular fragility, but no reports of case of giant thrombotic aneurysm was found. We treated a rare case of giant thrombotic aneurysm of the internal carotid artery (ICA) in a patient with NF1. Case Presentation A 60-year-old man had suffered deterior...
Preprint
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Purpose Anatomical variations of the internal carotid artery (ICA) can cause complications during endovascular treatments. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the features of the ICAs obtained from 2D digital subtraction angiography (2D DSA). Methods The morphometrics and angles of the ICA segments from 2D DSA images from a total o...
Article
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Mental fatigue is a common phenomenon in our daily lives. Long-term fatigue can lead to a decline in a person’s operational functions and seriously affect work efficiency. In this paper, a method that recognizes the degree of mental fatigue based on relative band power and fuzzy entropy of Electroencephalogram (EEG) is proposed. The N-back experime...
Article
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Motion artifacts hinder source-level analysis of mobile electroencephalography (EEG) data using independent component analysis (ICA). iCanClean is a novel cleaning algorithm that uses reference noise recordings to remove noisy EEG subspaces, but it has not been formally tested in a parameter sweep. The goal of this study was to test iCanClean’s abi...
Article
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Background Delayed enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance (DE-CMR) is the reference standard for the non-invasive assessment of myocardial fibrosis. DE-CMR is able to distinguish ischemic from non-ischemic etiologies based on differences in hyperenhancement distribution patterns. Hyperenhancement caused by ischemic injury typically involves the end...
Preprint
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Semantic labeling of coronary arterial segments in invasive coronary angiography (ICA) is important for automated assessment and report generation of coronary artery stenosis in the computer-aided diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). Inspired by the training procedure of interventional cardiologists for interpreting the structure of coronary...
Article
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Cerebrovascular disease is one of the world's leading causes of death. Blood vessel segmentation is a primary stage in diagnosing. Although a few deep neural networks have been suggested to automate volumetric brain blood vessel segmentation, few studies have considered the relevance of the evaluation metrics to diagnosing cerebrovascular disease d...
Chapter
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EEG-based BCIs enable a direct path for the human brain to communicate with external devices. The main objective of BCI is to classify brain signals to control some applications of interest. EEG is a paradigm that helps to obtain the brain signals from the different states of the human brain. EEG signal feature extraction is a critical topic in bra...
Article
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The installation of a corona ring on an insulator string on a transmission line is one of the solutions to reduce the electric field stress surrounding the energised end of the insulator string. However, installing a corona ring with an optimum design to reduce the electric field magnitude on an insulator string is a challenging task. Therefore, in...
Article
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Rectal cancer is one of the most common lower gastrointestinal diseases worldwide. Currently, the common treatment is low anterior resection (LAR) of the rectum, which preserves the anus of the patient. However, it is easy to cause low anterior resection syndrome after surgery, which has a significant negative impact on the life of patients, and th...
Article
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Brain functional networks and connectivity have played an important role in exploring brain function for understanding the brain and disclosing the mechanisms of brain disorders. Independent component analysis (ICA) is one of the most widely applied data-driven methods to extract brain functional networks/connectivity. However, it is hard to guaran...
Article
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Background: The objective of the study is to investigate the surgical methods and clinical effects of high-flow revascularization in microsurgery combined with endoscopic endonasal surgery for skull base tumors with intracranial and extracranial involvement. Methods: The relationships between skull base tumors and internal carotid artery (ICA),...
Article
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Objective To present a surgical treatment regimen of transnasal endoscopic decompression through the optic strut for traumatic oculomotor nerve palsy based on the anatomical study of the superior orbital fissure and the oculomotor nerve fissure segment. Methods The bone structure of the oculomotor nerve fissure segment and the important bone anato...
Article
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Considering the importance of lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries and the attention that the study of their degradation deserves, this work provides a review of the most important battery state of health (SOH) estimation methods. The different approaches proposed in the literature were analyzed, highlighting theoretical aspects, strengths, weaknesses an...
Article
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Background The prognosis of unresectable gastric cancer is poor, while the efficacy of anti-PD antibodies has not been evaluated. Methods Patients with unresectable gastric cancer who received intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) with sequential anti-PD-1 antibody as induction therapy in Jinling Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The primary out...
Preprint
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Objectives Selection of an appropriate site along the coronary artery tree is vital for measuring computed tomography fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) in patients with coronary artery diseases (CAD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of FFRCT measured at different sites distal to the target lesion in detecting lesion-specific...
Article
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Trait anxiety relates to the steady propensity to experience and report negative emotions and thoughts such as fear and worries across different situations, along with a stable perception of the environment as characterized by threatening stimuli. Previous studies have tried to investigate neuroanatomical features related to anxiety mostly using un...
Conference Paper
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EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ NÖROLOJİ ANA BİLİM DALI Olgu: GİRİŞ Eş zamanlı akut iskemik inme ve akut miyokard enfarktüsü nadir görülen bir tıbbi acil durumdur. Her iki durumun acil olması ve zamanın kısıtlı olması yönetim açısından zorluklar yaratmaktadır. Bu çalışmamızda eş zamanlı akut iskemik inme ve akut myokard enfarktüsü birlikteliğiyle başvuran dört ha...
Article
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Background Angiographic parameters can facilitate the risk stratification of coronary lesions but remain insufficient in the prediction of future myocardial infarction (MI). AIMS We compared the ability of humans, angiographic parameters and deep learning (DL) to predict the lesion that would be responsible for a future MI in a population of patie...
Preprint
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Research has revealed two major event-related potential (ERP) markers of visual awareness: the earlier Visual Awareness Negativity (VAN, around 150-250 ms after stimulus onset), and the following Late Positivity (LP, around 300-500 ms after stimulus onset). Understanding the neural sources that give rise to VAN and LP is important in order to under...
Article
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Contrast-induced encephalopathy (CIE) following angiography, though not often and reversible, can in some cases lead to permanent neurological dysfunction. To identify how neuroinflammation is involved in CIE, we investigated microglia responses to a bolus injection of ioversol in the internal carotid artery (ICA) in rats. MicroCT scanning indicate...
Article
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With the advent of the era of big data information, artificial intelligence (AI) methods have become extremely promising and attractive. It has become extremely important to extract useful signals by decomposing various mixed signals through blind source separation (BSS). BSS has been proven to have prominent applications in multichannel audio proc...
Article
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We herein report a case of left twisted carotid bifurcation (TCB) that newly appeared on follow-up examination. The patient was a 71-year-old woman with neck bruit and hyperlipidemia underwent neck magnetic resonance angiography. The left carotid bifurcation showed a normal branching pattern. Two years later, a follow-up examination was performed,...
Article
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The Muskingum method was first developed by U.S. Army engineers to study flood control in the Muskingum River Basin in Ohio. To evaluate the performance of the SHO algorithm, the results of its implementation have been compared with other basic algorithms such as GA and ICA. The coding of SHO, GA and ICA algorithms was done in the MATLAB (R2018b) s...
Article
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Objective Single-trial event-related potentials (ERPs) offer fine-grained information about the trajectories of the neurocognitive processes but are highly sensitive to any artifacts in the EEG signal. The primary aim of this study was to assess the impact of ocular artifact removal on the single-trial N250 ERP analysis of face learning in individu...
Article
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Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries with Ni-based cathodes are leading storage technology in the fields of electric vehicles and power-grid applications. NCA (LiNiCoAlO2) batteries are known for their troublesome degradation tendencies, and this susceptibility to degradation raises questions regarding the safety of their usage. Hence, it is of vital imp...
Article
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Purpose Acute intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion can mimic an extracranial affectation on Computed Tomography angiography (CTA). This fact could be explained by the extension of the thrombus in the ICA concerning its arterial branches. This study aims to determine how this factor may influence imaging findings. Methods A retrospe...
Article
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Neurofibromatosis type 1 is an inherited disease. Vascular malformation represents minor complication but the rupture is fatal. We report two cases of ruptured vascular malformation in extracranial carotid artery who survived after successful treatment. Case 1 was a 35-year-old man who presented with airway obstruction due to a mass in the pharynx....
Article
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First bite syndrome (FBS) is an extremely rare complication of carotid endarterectomy (CEA). FBS presents with unique characteristics, development of brief and intense pain in the ipsilateral parotid region at the first bite of each meal, and improvement with subsequent mastication. Here, we report two cases of FBS following CEA. Both cases had ana...
Article
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Spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection (CAD) is a relatively rare disease, with patients, including those with bilateral CAD, often recovering after conservative therapy. However, patients with symptomatic and progressive disease require urgent carotid artery stenting (CAS). If CAD extends to the petrous portion of the internal carotid arte...
Article
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The blood–brain barrier (BBB) is a protective barrier for brain safety, but it is also a major obstacle to the delivery of drugs to the cerebral parenchyma such as the hippocampus, hindering the treatment of central nervous system diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In this work, an anti-AD brain-targeted nanodrug delivery system by co-loadi...
Article
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Suillus luteus is an edible ectomycorrhizal fungus (EMF). The S. luteus strain LS88 secretes many phytohormones, including salicylic acid (SA) and indole-3-carboxylic acid (ICA). LS88 was inoculated to the tree Pinus massoniana and treated with the amino acid fertilizer GGR6. Plant growth parameters, plant enzyme activities, chlorophyll contents, a...
Article
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Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid artery stenting (CAS) for internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis have specific risks. Therefore, the accurate evaluation and management of each risk factor are important, especially for patients who are at high risk for both CEA and CAS. We report the case of a 77-year-old man with right ICA stenosis that pr...
Preprint
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The examination of multivariate brain morphometry patterns has gained attention in recent years, especially for their powerful exploratory capabilities in the study of differences between patients and controls. Among many existing methods and tools for analysis of brain anatomy based on structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI) data, data-driven...
Article
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This article examines the evolution of Israel's religion from the Abrahamic Pre-exilic (approx. 2100-586 BC). The main data of this research is a literature study with a qualitative methodology through an Integrative Critical Analysis (ICA) approach to achieving the aims or objectives of the research. The conclusion or research results obtained are...
Article
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Background: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) reduces anxiety symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Objective: The objective of this study was to identify changes in functional connectivity in the brain after CBT for anxiety in patients with PD. Methods: Thirty-five patients with PD and clinically significant anxiety were random...
Article
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Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of complete endovascular carotid revascularization in asymptomatic patients with tandem lesions of common carotid arteries (CCA) and internal carotid arteries (ICA) and to demonstrate the endovascular technique.Methods: Endovascular treatment of two-level brachiocephalic artery lesions was performed in 23 patient...
Article
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El objetivo de la presente investigación fue realizar un meta análisis sobre el efecto de la complementación alimenticia con ingredientes alternativos en dietas de conejos en engorda. Se recopilaron artículos científicos indizados en diferentes buscadores científicos, los datos obtenidos estuvieron sujetos a un análisis de varianza y prueba de Tu...
Preprint
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An open discussion in studies of intrinsic brain functional connectivity is the mitigation of head motion-related artifacts, particularly in the presence of peculiar symptomatology such as in Parkinson's disease (PD). Previous studies show that Independent Component Analysis (ICA) denoising improves the reproducibility of functional connectivity fi...