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Hymenoptera - Science topic

An extensive order of highly specialized insects including bees, wasps, and ants.
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Publications related to Hymenoptera (10,000)
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In this paper part of the parasitoid fauna (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Ichneumonidae) of the former military airbase Soesterberg (the Netherlands) is discussed. Using a Malaise trap, the area was monitored in 2009 and 2019-2021. By reconstructing several biotopes we try to analyse some of the faunal communities living there, resulting in the distinct...
Article
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Retention forestry promotes certain forest structural elements to enhance biodiversity. It is unclear however to what extent retention measures are suited to enhance the biodiversity of bees and wasps, and how relationships to structural elements promoted by retention may differ when habitat-based classifications are accounted for. Here, we analyze...
Article
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Various methods exist for collecting pollinating insects; however, colored bowl traps, vane traps, and sweep netting are among the most commonly used approaches, and may yield different estimates of insect abundance and taxa diversity depending on habitat type. Electric transmission rights-of-ways (ROWs) are found throughout the United States and p...
Article
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Hyposoter didymator (Thunberg) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) and baculovirus (BV) might be used jointly to provide effective control of the Spodoptera genus. The literature has mostly covered the safe compatibility between natural enemies and BV-based insecticides, but research on the potential dispersal of BV by natural enemies is lacking. Thus, th...
Article
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Tatuidris tatusia Brown & Kempf, 1968, the armadillo ant, is a morphologically unique species found in low to high elevation forests in regions of Central and South America. It is one of only two extant representatives of the subfamily Agroecomyrmecinae, and very little is known about the biology of these ants, which are almost exclusively collecte...
Preprint
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Arrhenotoky is the favored reproductive mode used by Hymenoptera though thelytoky, the production of females by virgin females, is observed in some taxa. Diplolepis rosae is a gall wasp producing bedeguars when parasitizing wild dog roses and reproduces mainly by thelytoky. In this study, we assess the effect of facultative thelytoky on the genetic...
Article
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Anaphes (Anaphes) flavipes (Foerster), a fairyfly (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) native of Europe, is an economically important egg parasitoid for the natural control of Oulema spp. leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) pests of cereal crops such as barley, oats, rye, and wheat in Europe, and for the classical biological control of the invasive Oulema...
Article
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We record 392 species or morphospecies of bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) for Manitoba, Canada, which is 154 more species than reported in 2015 and includes five new generic records since 2015 ( Ashmeadiella , Brachymelecta , Eucera, Neolarra, and Triepeolus ). Thirteen new records reported here are new for Canada: Calliopsis ( Nomadopsis ) australior...
Article
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This is the first record of the ant genus Acropyga from Kerala, India. The ant was collected as a part of the research collections done in the Rosemala region of the Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala, India. The worker, male and queen ants have been described here. A detailed description, distribution, ecological notes, and images are also prov...
Article
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Diaeretiellarapae (McIntosh) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is one of the most promising, effective and a common endoparasitoid of different aphid species including cabbage aphid, Brevicorynebrassicae L. (Hemiptera: Aphididae). The present investigation was undertaken to study the influence of different cauliflower cultivars (Early London, PSBK-1, PSBK-...
Article
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Ants are one of the important groups of venomous animals with about 14,000 described species. Studies so far focused on the discovery of venom proteins are only available for limited stinging ants, and the proteinaceous compositions of the stingless ants are completely unknown. Here, we used the transcriptomic approach to identify venom components...
Article
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Urbanisation has become one of the major anthropogenic drivers behind insect decline in abundance, biomass and species richness over the past decades. As a result, bees and other pollinators' natural habitats are reduced and degraded. Green roofs are frequently recommended as ways to counter the negative impacts of urbanisation on nature and enhanc...
Article
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Temperature and humidity are important factors affecting the honeybees physiological metabolism. When honeybees are stressed by high temperature and high humidity, various physiological stress mechanisms evolved by bees are activated in response to injury. The accumulation of some sugars, polyols, and free amino acids can effectively protect cell s...
Article
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In its native range, Halyomorpha halys (Stål) is suppressed by parasitoids in the genus Trissolcus (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae). Trissolcus native to Utah have demonstrated low parasitism of H. halys, while adventive Trissolcus japonicus (Ashmead) have shown parasitism of up to 20%. Custom rubber septa lures containing stink bug kairomones, n-trideca...
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This seventh contribution to the knowledge of the entomofauna of a village of Belgian Famenne deals with the group of Mesochorinae (Hymenoptera : Ichneumonidae). Faunistic data of 44 species are detailed and 35 species are cited for the first time for Belgium: Astiphromma aggressor (Fabricius, 1804), Astiphromma albitarse (Brischke, 1880), Astiphro...
Article
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After the nationwide, massive winter losses of honey bees in Korea during the winter of 2021, samplings were conducted from live honey bees in colonies and dead honey bees nearby colonies in the same bee-farms in six regions in Korea. Each sample was subjected to virome analysis using high-throughput sequencing technology. The number of viral reads...
Article
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Pelecinus polyturator (Drury, 1773) (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea: Pelecinidae), es una de las tres especies conocidas del único género que constituye dicha familia. Es fácilmente reconocible por su color negro brillante, su largo y esbelto metasoma, pudiendo alcanzar una longitud total del cuerpo de 7 cm. La especie está reportada en América, desd...
Article
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Insect-associated microorganisms play important roles in the health and development of insects. This study aimed to investigate the similarities and differences in bacterial community structure and composition between the larval gut of Osmia excavata, nest soil, and brood provision from the nest tube. We sequenced larvae gut and their environments’...
Article
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Creagrura nigripes Townes, 1971 is recorded for the first time for the Brazilian Amazon, in the states of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Pará and Roraima. Ptilobaptus cinctus Townes, 1971 is registered for the first time in Brazil. Additionally, diagnosis, digital images, distribution maps, as well as comments on intraspecific morphological variations in t...
Article
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The Darwin Tree of Life (DToL) project aims to sequence all described terrestrial and aquatic eukaryotic species found in Britain and Ireland. Reference genome sequences are generated from single individuals for each target species. In addition to the target genome, sequenced samples often contain genetic material from microbiomes, endosymbionts, p...
Article
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Sapindus saponaria L. (Sapindaceae) is a pioneer species used in programs to recover degraded areas. The trees also assist in the pest control of some insects due to the composition of saponins on their leaves. In addition, these chemical components are important to pharmaceutical product production. The objective was to evaluate the impact of spat...
Article
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Background The greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) constitutes key pests of greenhouses and field crops, which have developed pesticide resistance over the years. It has emerged as a difficult pest to manage owing to its indiscriminate exposure to higher dosages of insecticides. The use of natural enemie...
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In Colombia, few studies have focused on nest architecture, behavior or sociality of wild bees. This study provides basic information on the nests of Caenohalictus alexandrei and presents behavioral observations outside the nests, derived from direct field observation of 40 nests and 39 male sleeping cavities in two localities of the Savanna of Bog...
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Abstract. Rhopalomastix omotoensis Terayama, 1996, known only from Japan and Taiwan, is a myrmicine species nesting only under the bark of living trees. In Japan, this species has been recorded only from Omoto-dake on Ishigaki-jima Island, southern Ryukyu Islands. This study records R. omotoensis from five islands from both the central Ryukyus (Oki...
Article
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The enhancement of pest control through the conservation of natural enemies in agricultural fields is called conservation biological control. One of the strategies used on this system is to introduce or manage plants that can provide food for natural enemies. We assessed the effect of feeding resources on the fitness of a coffee leaf miner parasito...
Article
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Brazil is the major global soybean producer with ca. 40 million hectares grown annually. In recent years, there has been a growing interest by beekeepers to migrate their hives close to soybean fields, to allow honey bees, Apis mellifera L. 1758 (Hymenoptera – Apidae) to forage in. To understand the effect of honey bee pollination on the soybean yi...
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Ponerinae is the third-largest subfamily within the ant family Formicidae and makes up its own clade. The Ponerine ants are diverse and widespread across the world, including in Nepal where thirteen genera have been documented. The taxonomy, biology, and ecology of these thirteen ponerine ant genera (Bothroponera, Brachyponera, Buniapone, Centromyr...
Article
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We had observed Parapolybia escalerae in the Kurdistan region, Iraq, for the first time and we aimed that our finding will add some valuable information about the distribution and social behavior of this rare species, but still more study on nesting behavior, combs, and food products is necessary and recommended.
Article
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Litchi chinensis is the “queen of fruits”, and pollination is an essential requirement for fruit set and production. The present study was conducted in litchi orchards to study the diversity/abundance of insect visitors, the impact of pollination on quantitative parameters, and different modes of pollination. The results showed that 75 insect speci...
Article
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Apis cerana cerana has the biological characteristic of gnawing off the old brood cells which reared multiple generations of workers. This study investigated the internal structure of newly built, old, and semi-rebuilt brood cells and their effects on the morphological development of workers to understand the significance of Apis cerana cerana gnaw...
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Objective: To describe the pollination syndromes of the orchids of Megamexico and the importance of the interactions between the orchids and their respective pollinators for the conservation of both groups. Design/Methodology/Approach: An exhaustive search was carried out on the pollinators of each of the orchids that grow in Megamexico. With the i...
Article
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It has been extensively found that parasitoids manipulate host physiology to benefit the survival and development of their offspring. However, the underlying regulatory mechanisms have not received much attention. To reveal the effects of parasitization of the larval solitary endoparasitoid Microplitis manilae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on host Spod...
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A new South African species of Leptomenes Giordani Soika, 1939, namely Leptomenes obliquepunctatus Selis, sp. nov., is described. The Malagasy genus Malgachemenes Gusenleitner, 1992 is synonymized with Leptomenes syn. nov. (Leptomenes angustus comb. nov.). Leptomenes extremus Gusenleitner, 2005 is a junior synonym of Raphiglossa lemuriae Giordani S...
Article
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Beekeepers around the world select bees’ characteristics that facilitate and favor production. In regions where hybridization among lineages is taking place, this selection is a challenge, given that these regions are “natural laboratories”, where the action of evolutionary processes of a population or species occurs in real time. A natural honeybe...
Article
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The predatory ability of ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) against insect pests can offer an important service to agricultural activities and may sometimes be directly exploited in biological control strategies. The codling moth Cydia pomonella (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) is a major agricultural pest of fruit orchards, whose biological control is compl...
Article
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Current management strategy of the invasive fruit fly Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) exploits different tools but relies mainly on chemical control. In the invaded areas, the local natural enemy community mostly consists of generalist pupal parasitoids unable to control the pest efficiently. Conversely, in the pest native a...
Article
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Stingless bees or dammar bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini) live under cryptic conditions, playing a pivotal role by performing pollination to various flowering plant species and produce useful hive products at diversified ecosystems. Total 8129 stingless bee live colonies and 198 deserted colonies were spatial and temporal distributed at resid...
Article
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Certain crops depend upon pollination services for fruit set, and, of these, almonds are of high value for Australia. Stressors, such as diseases, parasites, pesticides, and nutrition, can contribute to honey bee Apis mellifera L. colony decline, thereby reducing bee activity and pollination efficiency. In Australia, field studies are required to m...
Article
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The present study deals with the variation of ant diversity in Post Chromite Mining, Grazing and Undisturbed ecosystems during Pre-Monsoon season in the years 2020 and 2021. Two collection methods like pitfall trap and hand collection were used. Undisturbed ecosystem shows more species diversity with 16 species belonging to 5 subfamilies followed b...
Article
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Background This study was conducted to investigate life table characteristics of the parasitoid species, Goniozus legneri Gordh (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae), a major gregarious larval ecto-parasitoids of the carob moth, Ectomyelois ceratoniae Zeller (Lep.: Pyralidae). Demographic parameters of G. legneri reared on two hosts, the carob moth and the flo...
Article
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Seasonal flight activity and seasonal dynamics of sawfly species richness in the Anatolian and Pannonian biogeographical regions are analysed: seasonal flight activity and temporal dynamics charts show different patterns in the two regions. Inside these biogeographic regions, the same pattern is repeated year by year. The Pannonian temporal pattern...
Article
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Parapanteles hypsidrae (Wilkinson, 1928) and Protapanteles immunis (Haliday, 1834) are the most important parasitic wasps of Ectropis grisescens Warren and Ectropis obliqua (Prout). We sequenced and annotated the mitochondrial genomes of Pa. hyposidrae and Pr. immunis, which are 17,063 bp and 16,397 bp in length, respectively, and possess 37 mitoch...
Preprint
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Many insect species have shown dramatic declines over the last decades, as a result of man-related environmental changes. Many species which were formerly widespread are now rare. To document this trend with evidence, old records of collected specimens are vital. We provide here the data on 9752 bee (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) specimens hosted in severa...
Chapter
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Incluso antes de la llegada de los españoles a América las comunidades originarias indígenas hacían uso de diversos tipos de mieles provenientes de diversos insectos del Orden Hymenoptera, como abejas y avispas. Sin embargo, muchas y muchos desconocen la existencia de otras mieles diferentes a las de la abeja europea. Este capítulo está escrito con...
Article
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In Western Thailand, Miocene shales from Wang Kaew, in the Mae Sot basin, have yielded a diverse insect assemblage comprising 115 articulated specimens. In this preliminary review, 15 subcomplete specimens are studied and referred to at least eight forms belonging to five orders (Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera, Orthoptera, and Hemiptera). Coleopt...
Preprint
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BACKGROUND The environmental and economic costs of conventional insecticides have stirred an interest in alternative management tactics, including the use of nanotechnologies. Selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) have many applications in agriculture but may not be compatible with biological control; however, low concentrations of SeNPs may benefit natur...
Article
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Objetivou-se quantificar a serapilheira sobre o solo em uma Unidade de Conservação, em Maceió, Alagoas. A avaliação foi feita de (ago/2018 a jun/2019) em três ambientes, utilizando moldura de ferro com dimensões 0,5x0,5 m (área=0,25 m2). Foram separadas as frações: folha, galho, estrutura reprodutiva e miscelânea. O material foi seco em estufa a 65...
Article
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As part of the studies on the morphological color variation of insects, a case study on the seasonal body color variation of Cirrospilus pictus (Nees) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae: Eulophinae) parasitoid of leafminers is reported. Observations were made from January 2000 to December 2003 in north-western Sicily (Italy), in relation to sex, body regions...
Technical Report
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The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is an important maize pest in Syria. Insect specimens that were used for the taxonomic study were collected from the injured maize plants in two locations in Damascus and Lattakia governorates during the 2022 season. Out of the total collected samples of fall armyworm t...
Preprint
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Cytogenetic analyses have been widely used to understand evolutionary processes and to resolve taxonomic uncertainties in insects. In particular, the mapping of specific chromosomal regions might provide insights about the genome organization and interspecific relationships. Considering the importance of this approach and the scarcity of chromosoma...
Article
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The main objective of this study was to investigate the taxonomic significance of wing phenotypic variations (size and shape) for classifying potter wasps. This is the first study investigating the wing size and shape variations, as well as wing asymmetry, sexual dimorphism, wing integration, and phylogenetic signal analysis of all known Antodyneru...
Article
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Scutellista ciruela Fonscolombe has a significant controlling effect on the rubber tree pest, Parasaissetia nigra Nietner. To identify the optimal conditions for the population growth of S. caerulea, we assessed how temperature, photoperiod, and supplementary nutrition affected its development and reproduction. The results demonstrated that the num...
Article
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Em Hymenoptera, o grupo Formicidae é de grande importância forense e pode estar presente durante todos os estágios de decomposição do corpo. O objetivo do estudo foi identificar e quantificar as espécies de formigas ocorrentes em carcaça suína no município de Bento Gonçalves - RS, Brasil. O trabalho foi conduzido na Universidade de Caxias do Sul, n...
Article
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American foulbrood (AFB) and European foulbrood (EFB) are dangerous bacterial diseases attack the honeybee colonies Apis mellifera (L.) and destroy the brood combs according to Walton (1980) and Nordstrom and Fries (1995). AFB is caused by Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae (P. l. l.) bacterium by coordination of Morse (1980), Moosbeckhofer (1991),...
Article
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The study was carried out in corn fields of Kocaali, Adapazarı, Karasu, Ferizli, Söğütlü, Akyazı, Serdivan, Erenler and Hendek counties in Sakarya province to determine the rate of natural parasitism with egg parasitoid, Trichogramma brassicae Bezdenko (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) against European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn. (Lepidop...
Preprint
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Annona senegalensis Pers. (Annonaceae) is a wild shrub used multipurposely in food and traditional medicine by local people in African tropical countries. During its fruiting period, especially at the green fruit stage, this plant harbors an important community of insects such as the planthopper Hilda undata (Tettigometridae) and various ant specie...
Article
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Trichogramma chilonis is an egg parasitoid of lepidop-teran pests and widely used in biological control and integrated pest management (IPM) programmes. In this study, the cross-resistance in multiple insecticide-tolerant strain of T. chilonis was evaluated against chlorantraniliprole 18.5% SC, spinetoram 11.7% SC and thiamethoxam 12.6% + lambda-cy...
Article
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To understand species’ responses to climate change, we must better comprehend the factors shaping physiological critical thermal limits. One factor of potential importance is nutrient availability. Carbohydrates are an energy source that can directly affect an organism's physiological state. Ants are among the most omnipresent and ecologically rele...
Preprint
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Rugose spiraling whitefly, Aleurodicus rugioperculatus Martin (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) is an invasive pest on coconut and other horticultural crops found in India during July 2016. A nymphal parasitoid, Encarsia guadeloupae Viggiani (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) is a potential natural enemy of A. rugioperculatus . Insect-associated bacteria with white...
Preprint
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The pollination syndrome of the African custard apple (Annona senegalensis Pers.; Annonaceae) was investigated to gain insights into the reproductive strategy of this multipurpose wild shrub. Flower visitors were collected and frequently surveyed in the morning on 30 owers of 30 plants per site, at four sites across the Sudanian and Sudano-Sahelian...
Article
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Background Camponotus floridanus ant colonies are comprised of a single reproductive queen and thousands of sterile female offspring that consist of two morphologically distinct castes: smaller minors and larger majors. Minors perform most of the tasks within the colony, including brood care and food collection, whereas majors have fewer clear role...
Article
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Ninety-nine valid species and forty-four valid subspecies of the ge¬nus Lepisiota Santschi, 1926 have been known from the Palaearctic, Afrotropical, southern Indo-Malayan, and Indo-Australian realms. Among them, two species are known from Thailand. In this paper, three additional new species are described from the country: Lepisiota bicolor Jarernk...
Preprint
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Encarsia tabacivora Viggiani, 1985 (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), is an endoparasitoid of whiteflies, including Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) MEAN 1 (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), reported from southern USA, Caribbean, and Brazil. In field surveys, the natural occurrence of E. tabacivora was confirmed in the Canete valley of Peru. Its biology and development...
Article
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From its introduction in Europe, Vespa velutina nigrithorax has become an invasive species, since it is a predator of native fruits and insects, most of the latter being honeybees. Despite the knowledge on the life cycle of this hornet, Asian hornet behaviour is not well understood, since in vivo studies on this species are quite difficult to perfo...
Poster
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The present study documents Pteromalid fauna from Jammu and Kashmir. The pteromalid species were collected through sweep net, Yellow Pan Trap and with the help of Aspirator. As of now, 32 species of Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) are recorded first time from Jammu and Kashmir. Synedrus Kasparyani is recorded first time from India (both ma...