Science topic

Hygiene - Science topic

Hygiene is a set of practices performed for the preservation of health. While in modern medical sciences there is a set of standards of hygiene recommended for different situations, what is considered hygienic or not can vary between different cultures, genders and etarian groups. Some regular hygienic practices may be considered good habits by a society while the neglect of hygiene can be considered disgusting, disrespectful or even threatening.
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Publications related to Hygiene (10,000)
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Objectives: COVID-19 has highlighted the importance of hygiene in home and everyday life (HEDL) to build population resilience against ongoing infectious disease threats. Despite having high awareness of hygiene, people have relatively poor understanding of hygiene risk which compromises their ability to follow advice. This paper combines new insi...
Article
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Objective To investigate the experiences and perceptions of postnatal mothers with quality of healthcare including WASH amenities among postnatal mothers in Ghana during the COVID-19 outbreak. Study design The study was an institutional cross-sectional. Methods The survey was conducted in six (6) regions across the northern, middle, and coastal b...
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zet: Nitel araştırma yöntem ve teknikleri kullanılarak yürütülen bu araştırmanın amacı, velilerin özel okul tercihlerini etkileyen faktörleri Planlı Davranış Teorisi bağlamında incelemektir. Araştırmanın çalışma grubunu İstanbul ilinde bulunan özel okullarda 2021-2022 öğretim yılında öğrenim gören öğrencilerin velilerinden, çalışmaya katılmaya gönü...
Article
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Increased life expectancy in most countries is a result of continuous improvements at all levels, starting from medicine and public health services, environmental and personal hygiene to the use of the most advanced technologies by healthcare providers. Despite these significant improvements, especially at the technological level in the last few de...
Presentation
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We have seen many advancements in Livestock production and management in last 150 years, recently in last decade we have adopted artificial inteligence tools for the purpose of precision livestock farming , so as to enhance the production as well as breeding potential of the livestock. Advancements related to stress relieving , hygiene , feeding as...
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The prime concern of a society is to ensure healthy growth and development particularly of students of primary school because they are the future of the nation. Normal growth and development takes place only if there is optimum nutrition and safe environment to live in. The World Health Organization estimates that there are 178 million children tha...
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Many menstruators around the world have limited access to education about menstruation and to sanitary methods for managing menstruation. The use of sanitary products is influenced by economic status, proximity to resources, education, and cultural beliefs. Improper use of sanitary products or lack thereof can lead to major health issues. Plastic-b...
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Background: The Internet of Medical Things, often known as IoMT, is a revolutionary method of connecting medical equipment and the software that operates on it to the computer networks that are used in healthcare 5.0. The rapid development of smart medical devices on IoMT platforms has led to the adoption of major technologies in the modernization...
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1 ФГАОУ ВО «Белгородский государственный национальный исследовательский университет», 308015, Белгород, Россия; 2 Институт микробиологии и иммунологии имени И.И. Мечникова НАМН Украины, 61057, Харьков, Украина Введение. Фонтаны (офисные и внешние), являясь малыми декоративными сооружениями, используемыми с целью улучшения параметров среды жизнедеят...
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Objective: Adolescent marriages are those that take place before the age of 18 years or before maturity and are associated with a wide range of health and psychological problems. This study was carried out to examine the reproductive health behaviour of women who got married during the adolescent period. Methods: In this study, convergent parallel...
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The authors first met in 1998 at the University of Würzburg, Germany, at the Institute of Hygiene and Microbiology, in Helge Karch’s lab, where Herbert Schmidt worked as a PostDoc and Maite Muniesa visited the lab for a postdoctoral research stay to work on phages encoding Shiga toxin 2e (Stx2e) [...]
Article
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Background: Health education materials are intended to percolate certain messages to the general population in order to influence their knowledge and attitude toward health issues. The current study aims to determine the effectiveness of health education materials in terms of visibility, attractiveness and clarity of message perceived by the study...
Article
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Access to safe water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) are human rights and play a fundamental role in protecting health, which has been particularly evident during the SARS-CoV2 (COVID-19) pandemic. People experiencing homelessness face frequent violations of their human rights to water and sanitation, negatively affecting their health and dignity a...
Article
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Background Healthcare workers’ (HCWs) knowledge of multi-stranded cholera interventions (including case management, water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH), surveillance/laboratory methods, coordination, and vaccination) is crucial to the implementation of these interventions in healthcare facilities, especially in conflict-affected settings where ch...
Article
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Background: Girls’ adolescence has been recognized as a unique period that occurs as they cross the threshold from childhood to adulthood. Menstruation is typically viewed in Indian society as unclean. A negative attitude about this condition has been perpetuated by efforts to isolate and restrict menstruation females in the household. Numerous inv...
Article
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Objective: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the oral health-related quality of life (oHRQoL) and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after 10 years of supportive periodontal care (SPC). Material and methods: Patients were re-examined 120±12 months after active periodontal therapy. Dental and periodontal status and oHRQoL...
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We explored the definition of food safety in the coffee service business during the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic because consumer values and decision-making may have been affected by the pandemic. The food safety dimensions are freshness, quarantine, hygiene, and healthiness. We evaluated the effects of café food safety on both the...
Article
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Cholera is a potentially life-threatening public health menace caused by a gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium known as Vibrio cholerae. This study was an epidemiological investigation of the cholera outbreak in Degema local government area (LGA), Rivers State, Nigeria. An interventional epidemiological study was conducted in a rural community betwe...
Article
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This cross‐sectional study aims at analyzing the perceptions of mothers, community leaders, and nutrition/health care workers (NHCWs) about using videos in nutrition and health programs compared to posters. In total, we recruited 42 mothers, 39 community leaders, and 30 NHCWs from villages and local organizations in two rural districts in South Ben...
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The present study was conducted to investigate the pathogeneicity of Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) genotype VII.1.1 "NDV-CHICKEN-EGY-ALEX-NRC-2020" strain in combination with Infectious Bursal Disease Virus (IBDV) "IBDV/Egypt/Qalubia/17" and/or some commercial immunostimulants (Lector ® and Orego ®) in commercial broiler chickens. The pathogenicity...
Article
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Little is known about young people’s behaviors and responses under outbreaks of infectious diseases such as the COVID-19 pandemic, especially in institutional settings. This research investigated the reactions of young adults residing at Danish folk high schools (FHSs) towards COVID-19 guidelines and the communicative styles used to enforce COVID-1...
Article
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The study was undertaken to assess the training needs of poultry meat retailers in Chennai city. A total sample size of 30 poultry retailers was selected by using convenient sampling technique. The results indicated that all the respondents were males (100%) with regard to training needs, the poultry meat retailers felt they need training on source...
Article
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Animal production is greatly affected by Q fever. As a result of a lack of methodology and financial means to perform extensive epidemiological surveys, the disease's underdiagnosis has proven to be a challenge for effective control. The present study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of C. burnetii in cattle raising in four governorates situat...
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Effect of Plumbing System in Construction plays an important role. Pipe damage and defects are part of pipe maintenance. There is no chance or short circuit during Plumbing maintenance. Plumbing and plumbing involves various components that should be examined, so there is a chance that one or the other component may break. These components can caus...
Article
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Meningkatnya kebutuhan konsumsi air minum telah menyebabkan air olahan DAM (Depot Air Minum) menjadi salah satu preferensi yang popular di kalangan masyarakat. Hal tersebut dikarenakan jumlah depot air minum yang terdapat di Kecamatan Sukmajaya mengalami peningkatan dari tahun 2019-2020 yaitu sebesar 33%. Untuk mempunyai status aman konsumsi, air o...
Article
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Hygiene dan sanitasi wajib diterapkan sebagai program kelayakan dasar dalam industri pangan untuk menjamin kesehatan dan keamanan pada produk. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk identifikasi dan mengobservasi penerapan sistem kendali mutu (SSOP) di PT. Perkebunan Nusantara XII yang memproduksi teh hitam dengan metode CTC. Metode dalam penelitian ini ad...
Article
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Textiles can be contaminated with pathogens during household laundering, potentially leading to human sickness. In this work, chitosan (CTS) was used as a substrate to prepare Ag/Cu-CTS composite, which was applied in laundering and showed a remarkable antibacterial effect on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The mechanical strength of Ag...
Article
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One of the efforts in ensuring the halal status of a food product is by applying the principles of hygiene and sanitation in food management places (TPP) such as canteens. The lack of data and information about canteens that apply the principles of food hygiene and sanitation in Parepare City is the rationale for conducting this community service p...
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Background: Dried non-heat-treated meat treats, such as ears, skin and tails, are popular supplementary dog foods. Previous studies have demonstrated Salmonella spp. contamination on treats, particularly in pig ears and chicken products. This small, exploratory, cross-sectional study investigated Salmonella spp. presence in dried treats available...
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This paper provides the first assessment of China’s twenty-year experiment with food hygiene barometer rating systems, originally developed in the West for publicly communicating the grades awarded by food safety inspectors to individual businesses. This approach to regulating through disclosure is often celebrated for efficiently ‘nudging’ improve...
Article
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Intestinal helminthic infections are serious health problems because of complications such as iron-deficiency anaemia, growth retardation in children and other physical and mental health problems. The incidence of helminthic infection has been linked with several factors such as poverty and poor levels of hygiene and sanitation. This study was carr...
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The Sclerocarya birrea tree is a widespread and little-studied multipurpose forest species in Niger. The objective of this study was to evaluate the microbiological quality and sensory perception of fruit pulp juices from two different regions. The results showed that the germs of alteration range from absence to 22 CFU/g for total mesophilic aerob...
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Aim: This study was conducted to share our experiences, analyses and results related to patients diagnosed with COVID-19 with the aim of contributing to the literature in the diagnosis and treatment of and the combat against the COVID-19 disease. Here, we report the epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and radiological characteristics of COVID-19...
Article
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Worm infection is a disease that is still a health problem in children in developing countries, especially in children who cannot maintain personal hygiene. The aim of PkM is to increase the knowledge of the community, especially mothers who have children aged 5-12 years, to prevent helminth infections. The number of dedication participants was 15...
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In grassland systems of the semi-arid mining area, the migration, accumulation, and bioavailability of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) are important ecological and health risk issues. Thirty-eight pairs of topsoil (0–20 cm) and plant samples were collected around Baiyin City and in Dongdagou stream valley to investigate the migration of PTEs in s...
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Rapid urbanization compounded by urban poverty is one of the main challenges facing many Sub-Saharan African countries. The Buea municipality is the 10th largest city in Cameroon and equally faces such problems brought about by unplanned development in the past four decades. In 2020, the population growth rate in Buea rose to 42% compared to 5.6% i...
Article
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Brauchle, M., Deffner, T., Nydahl, P., Brinkmann, A., Dehner, S., Dubb, R., Finkeldei, S., Gatzweiler, B., Hermes, C., Heyd, C., Hoffmann, M., Jeitziner, M.-M., Kaltwasser, A., Kern, T., Knochel, K., Krüger, L., Melching, H., Michels, G., Müller-Wolff, T., … Ufelmann, M. (2023). Ten recommendations for child-friendly visiting policies in Critical C...
Chapter
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The Fight the Villains of the Pandemic Game-Quiz is a risk management effort innovation to prevent and mitigate the infectious case of COVID-19 at Perak Matriculation residential college. This management effort was taken to raise the students’ awareness of the Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) and strengthening the practise of basic personal hyg...
Preprint
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Objective: The aim of this research is to demonstrate how the use of hierarchical cluster analysis on 366 municipalities and other minor entities (parishes) of Venezuela, could be useful to consider regional differences and similarities between territorial entities when designing national public policies of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) base...
Article
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It is critical that the managers understand and design strategies to obtain a greater performance. Market orientation (MO) has emerged as a significant antecedent of performance. The current situation is one of the best tools for a dynamic organization whose purpose is to operate in a competitive environment, known as total quality management. TQM...
Article
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The transition to university is a critical period during which considerable life changes arise. Useful national data to design tailored interventions aimed at promoting health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among Moroccan students are lacking. The present study is aimed at filling this gap by investigating the levels and associated factors of HRQo...
Article
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Softness is one of the essential properties of hygiene tissue products. Reliably measuring it is of utmost importance to ensure the balance between customer expectations and cost-effective tissue production. This study presents a method for assessing softness by analyzing acoustic emissions produced while tearing a tissue specimen. The aim was to t...
Article
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Social scientists have grown increasingly aware of the impact of housing on health. An investigation into the rapidly urbanizing Chinese society, especially its growing population of rural-to-urban migrants, helps reveal the complex nature of the housing-health link. Using the newly emerging national data collected in 2017, this study utilizes the...
Preprint
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The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is still producing hundreds of thousands of cases worldwide. However, the currently dominant Omicron variant (and its sub-variants) have proven to be less virulent than previous dominant variants, resulting in proportionately fewer severe cases, hospitalizations and deaths. Nonetheless, a persistent concern is that new...
Article
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The operation of public transportation is a public service. Nepal's only cooperative public transportation system is Sajha Yatayat. Additionally, many public transportation options are operated by private companies. Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal; hence the population and public transportation are under significant strain. Therefore, this locati...
Article
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The fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) is invasive pests in Egypt, and is considered the most important Lepidopteran pest to global agriculture. This study targeted studying the effect of different gamma radiation doses on S. frugiperda, and to evaluate its potential as a control measure. Five-day-old pupae received radiation treatmen...
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In March 2020, WHO declared Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) as a global pandemic, which had a major impact on all mass gatherings (MG), including the Hajj. This has an impact for the government, as the party organizing the pilgrimage can make more mature preparations for a more optimal implementation of the pilgrimage. This study aimed to evalu...
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This work studies two copper-based alloys as potential antimicrobial weapons for sectors where surface hygiene is essential. Effects of different alloying elements addition at the same Cu content (92.5% by weight) on the corrosion resistance and the antibacterial performance of two copper alloys were studied in an aerated disinfectant solution (0.2...
Article
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Cholera is a potentially life-threatening public health menace caused by a gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium known as Vibrio cholerae. This study was an epidemiological investigation of the cholera outbreak in Degema local government area (LGA), Rivers State, Nigeria. An interventional epidemiological study was conducted in a rural community betwe...
Article
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Children’s summer colonies in Lithuania, which began to be established in the early 1920s, were initially set up in unsuitable buildings, although resort-type locations were looked at from the beginning. Despite sporadic attempts by the authorities, the colonies were mainly created by various voluntary associations, which received part of the fund...
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Background: The impact of children on the transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) remains uncertain. This study provides an insight into distinct patterns of SARS-CoV-2 household transmission in case of pediatric and adult index cases as well as age-dependent susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 infection. Methods: I...
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Systems capable of disinfecting air and surfaces could reduce the risk of infectious diseases transmission. Aim: to evaluate the effectiveness of near-UV LED ceiling lamps, with a wavelength of 405 nm, in improving environmental hygiene. Between November and December 2020, we conducted an experimental study having a pre-post design in a kindergarte...
Article
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Adequate access to drinking water for hydration and hygiene depends on many factors. We developed the Drinking Water Security Index (DWSI) to assess relative multifactorial drinking water security at different spatial and temporal scales. DWSI is a function of four key indicators of drinking water security: water quality, water accessibility, water...
Article
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The Bumbu River Watershed is an essential source for the drinking and sanitation needs of settlement communities within Lae, Papua New Guinea. However, poor sanitation and waste management practices have led to concerns over the safety and integrity of the watershed’s resources. In this study, we explored the effect of these factors on water qualit...
Article
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Good hygienic practices are required to reduce the risk of microbial contamination during meat processing. We evaluated good hygiene and meat safety practices among different village butcheries (6), commercial butcheries (8), and supermarkets (18) through direct personal observations. The supermarkets and commercial butcheries wore personal protect...
Article
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Background: Healthy NYC is an innovative survey panel created by the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) that offers a cost-effective mechanism for collecting priority and timely health information. Between November 2020 and June 2021, invitations for six different surveys were sent to Healthy NYC panelists by posta...
Article
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The poor practice of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) supports the spread of disease burdens causing high U-5 children mortality rates in developing countries like Nigeria. Knowledge, perception, attitude and other influencing factors become important in determining WASH practices. This study, guided by the Health Belief Model, assessed the kn...
Article
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In Bangladesh, cities produce huge volumes of solid waste, sewage, and greywater with limited resources to manage it. Waste and sanitation workers, key players in managing waste, are continuously exposed to different health hazards in their work due to lack of occupational safety and basic protections. This vulnerability has been exacerbated by the...
Article
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The need to assess reasons why households do not want to conserve water or use purified water is critical when facing water scarcity during the climate change crisis. This study aimed to provide an analysis of perceptions of the public in Czechia towards water conservation. A representative questionnaire survey (n = 1824) was conducted in the whole...
Article
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Maintaining udder health is the primary indication for antimicrobial use (AMU) in dairy production, and modulating this application is a key factor in decreasing AMU. Defining the optimal AMU and the associated practical rules is challenging since AMU interacts with many parameters. To define the trade-offs between decreased AMU, labor and economic...
Article
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Purpose: The Cytobacteriological Examination of Urine (CBEU) is one of the most requested microbiological analyses in the medical bacteriology laboratory. According to the ISO 15189 standard, Medical Biology Laboratory (MBL) must validate the techniques before their use. It is in this perspective that, within the Medical Bacteriology Laboratory of...
Article
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The forest agro-ecological zone of Cameroon is heavily infested with biting dipterids, but no control is ongoing in this part of the country. In the rainy season (May 2022) in a feedlot under construction in Ndogbea village, eight days entomological study consisting of (i) baseline fly collection using five vavoua traps set in all the sides of a on...
Article
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Even before the Covid-19 pandemic, beneficial use cases for hygienic, touchless human-machine interaction have been explored. Gaze input, i.e., information input via eye-movements of users, represents a promising method for contact-free interaction in human-machine systems. In this paper, we present the GazeVending interface (GaVe), which lets user...
Article
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Water is the most essential substance that supports life on earth. Animals and plants require water for their survival. Since water is being lost or used by our body, it is essential to replace it constantly. Humans need clean, potable water for consumption and to meet their daily hygiene needs. However, increased anthropogenic activities have caus...
Article
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Water is the most essential substance that supports life on earth. Animals and plants require water for their survival. Since water is being lost or used by our body, it is essential to replace it constantly. Humans need clean, potable water for consumption and to meet their daily hygiene needs. However, increased anthropogenic activities have caus...
Article
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Access to basic water, sanitation and hygiene services is the most effective mechanism to reduce many infectious diseases. WASH in schools related to better educational outcomes although adequate water, sanitation, and hygiene services were unavailable to millions of school-age children in Ethiopia. Therefore, it is crucial to assess the level of W...
Article
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Kitchen stewarding department is the very important part of the hotel industry but is often a neglected and underestimated area of operations. However, it is realized that how important a section it is, only when in any catering organizations delays are caused in service and production due to uncleaned utensils, unwashed plates, crockery and cutler...
Article
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Background Community pharmacists actively engage in managing the health of local residents, but the COVID-19 pandemic has necessitated rapid adaptations in practice activities. Objectives We sought to identify the specific adaptations in practice and the expanded roles of community pharmacists in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods We cond...
Preprint
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This paper examines tourists' satisfaction level visiting the Cardamom mountains in Cambodia based on their feedback published on tourism providers' websites. Visitors' input reflects the quality of the attractions and services at the destination. Our analysis paralleled tourism products that the destination offers with the visitors' opinions. Camb...
Article
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Background: Although studies of adults show that pre-existing mental disorders increase risk for COVID-19 infection and severity, there is limited information about this association among youth. Mental disorders in general as well as specific types of disorders may influence the ability to comply with risk-mitigation strategies to reduce COVID-19...
Article
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Early implementation of interventions at a young age fosters behaviour changes and helps to adopt behaviours that promote health. Digital technologies may help to promote the hand hygiene behaviour of children. However, there is a lack of digital feedback interventions focusing on the hand hygiene behaviour of preschool children in childhood educat...
Article
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An Oral Care Program (OCP) was implemented in home care nursing teams in a northern province of the Netherlands to improve the oral health and hygiene of older people who make use of formal home car