Science topic

Humanoid Robots - Science topic

Humanoid Robots are strongly characterized & contributed as fascinated by human's dreams of understanding the perception, cognition, behavior, and applied mathematics into advanced robotic science and systems. Topics: Design and control, platforms for applications, Software and hardware architecture, system integration, Whole-body motion planning and control, Stability and dynamics, Perception, action and cognition, Learning strategies, grasping and manipulation, Human motion imitation, Human-humanoid interaction, Planning, localization and navigation, Human body and behavior modeling, Neuro-robotics and humanoids, medical robotics.
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I want to implement artificial intelligence in robots with my students. Soon we will have Arduino chips, so the hardware will be Arduino-based. I need ideas for prospective applications of AI with robots. It could be in any AI area - machine learning, computer vision, path searching and so on. Any suggestions?
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Insecure communications, authentication issues, weak default configuration, denial of service attacks, risk and vulnerabilities, and privacy issues have raised several security concerns in robotics. In consequence, the demand for cyber security solutions and services in robotics is increasing to prevent robot from being hacked, monitor the vulnerabilities, prevent the data from being tampered, and to prevent unauthorized access...
Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are being applied across major industries and applications, including the cyber security in robotics. These technologies are used to detect the cyber threats based on analyzing data and identifying a threat before it exploits a vulnerability in the information security in robotics. Moreover, Machine Learning remains a key focus area of companies operating in the cyber security in robotics market, as it enables the robot to predict threat and observe behavior anomalies with more accuracy. Machine learning and artificial intelligence are also used for detecting and tracking the active phishing sources...
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Hello RG,
I want to start my research in humanoid robots walking properly. Is there any cheap humanoid robot platform that I could use for research? I heard about the UBTech robot, what do you guys think? do not say NAO Robot/Robotis OP2 or 3, they are out of my budget. Thank you
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Unfortunately, there is no cheap alternative, Nonetheless, Promobot claims that it may be beneficial in both households and businesses. The robot costs between $20,000 and $50,000, depending on choices and customization. Join CNBC at the @ Work: People + Machines Summit in San Francisco on November 14 for more on technology, change, and the future of work.
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In my Project Design of Humanoid Robot I would like to simulate human walk. I am familiar with ADAMS but recently came across other softwares like V-Rep and Gazebo.
Could anybody tell me if there is any specific advantage of using ADAMS over V-Rep/Gazebo?
Thank You.
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combination of V-Rep and MATLAB will be perfect
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I am looking for a tool for drawing a humanoid robot model like in this image. Is there any recommended software for drawing this model?
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In my university, they used to draw using shape tools in PowerPoint, very easy. It is only a stick diagram.
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I plan to study humanoid robot dynamics during this semester's holiday. Are there any courses that I can join? so I can understand the topics quickly (ZMP, CoM, CoP, IK, FK, rotational matrices, etc)? My background is electrical engineering. Thank you
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If you want to study robotics, you need first master computer science, coding, physics, and linear algebra. From there, you may take robotics lessons, join clubs and compete in competitions, and improve your fundamental robotics skills over time.
However, the field of robots is as complex as it can be. However, if you have a strong desire to conquer the unfamiliar and the complicated, mastering robotics should be a breeze even in your mature years. Some of the reasons why you should start learning robotics right immediately are listed below.
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Will artificial neural structures become such advanced artificial intelligence that artificial consciousness will arise? Theoretically, such projects can be considered, but to really verify this, artificial neural structures should be created. From research on the human brain, it appears that this is a very complex and yet not fully understood neural structure. The brain has various centers, areas that manage the functioning of specific organs and processes of the human body. In addition, Sylvia is also complex and consists of elements of emotional, abstract, creative, etc. intelligence that also function in separate sectors of the human brain.
In view of the above, does research on the human brain and progress in the construction of ever more complex structures of artificial intelligence lead to synergy in the development of these fields of science? Will the development of these fields of science lead to the integration of research into the analysis of human brain activity and the construction of more and more complex structures of artificial intelligence equipped with elements of emotional, creative intelligence, etc.?
Besides, does the improvement of artificial intelligence lead to the emergence of artificial emotional intelligence and, consequently, to autonomous robots that will be sensitive to specific changes in environmental factors, factors of the surrounding environment? Will specific changes in the surrounding environment trigger programmed reactions of advanced artificial emotional intelligence, ie activation of pre-programmed algorithms of implemented activities and learning processes as part of improving the learning processes of machines.
Therefore, another important question arises in this area:
Is it possible to create an artificial consciousness that will function with the structure of an artificial electronic neural network built in such a way as to reflect the structure of the human brain? In this way, the structure of advanced artificial intelligence will be able to improve on the basis of acquired knowledge eg from external internet databases?
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
Will it be possible to build artificial emotional intelligence?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Baydaa A. Hassan,
I also wish you good luck and invite you to our discussion.
Thank you, Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Artificial intelligence?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Artificial intelligence.
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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Thomas Wayburn,
Like I said above, human intelligence, from his/her capacitation created smart technical taskmaster technology, there is not artificial intelligent, it's the product of by real human intelligent.
I call it misuse of phrase.
Regards,
Fatema Miah
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We call Donald Trump and Boris Johnston and his cat and the mice that the cat hunts and the fleas on the mice and the coronavirus etc LIVING. But Boris's desk and his TV and the computer program that beats him at chess and and his electronic android servant (soon!) and windmills (cf Don Quixote) and holograms and ghosts we call NOT LIVING. But what is the difference? As a mathematical kind of person I would really like to know ... and rather precisely... it matters for agent based modelling etc
Note -- the difference is surely not about reproduction -- computer programs and machines can easily generate and distribute copies of themselves.
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As was clearly described by Eugene Veniaminovich Lutsenko, material world is only part of the universe. Not the whole. Science is studying material things. The rest is expected to be non-existent.
The fact is that there is a piling evidence on the existence of the after-life or before-life where energies that we call spirits resides. When spirits enter the material world, they get accompanied by atoms.
Spirit can live without a body a.k.a. matter. Matter cannot become alive without a spirit that is making it alive.
Here we come to the important point: "What we spirits/souls?" Those are quantum fields that we are unable to detect by the current technology. Spirits are the oscillating specks within all encompassing field of the whole Universe.
After-life is a serious research subject that is working usually with deep hypnosis with regression of subjects into their past lives. Then researchers go and check all details and in the most cases find relatives of deceased who lived exactly same life as described by a person in regression. Such research was started by Dorothy Carron. There are followers like Newman and co-workers.
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Will intelligent robots replace human in all difficult, cumbersome jobs and professions as part of the progress of civilization?
Will robotization in the course of civilization progress replace man in all difficult, arduous jobs and professions?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Best wishes
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Dear Fatema Miah,
Yes, you gave another example of the perfect application of robots, i.e. in difficult conditions for human work. Of course, robotics must be developed in a variety of applications, but only under full human control.
Thank you, Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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We are modeling an HRI scenario in virtual reality using Unity and the Oculus Rift. Our problem is, though, that Unity only allows objects to be either kinematic or physics. This means, either we have a nicely running inverse kinematic model of a 6-DOF industrial robot, but struggle with physical-virtual interaction with objects, or we have a physically correct behavior of the robotic parts, but lose the inverse kinematic model.
Does anyone of you also work with Unity as a platform for HRI VR and came across these issues, too? 
Thank you very much in advance,
Jonas
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Hi Jonas,
I'm not quite familiar with the Unity-specific limitations, but have you considered controlling the robot from "outside" using a software-in-the-loop approach with a virtual robot controller or robot controller simulation module? Basically forget about modeling the kinematics (and dynamics etc.) in Unity, but mirror the internal robot model state from the VRC. We used that for simulation bin picking processes in Siemens NX MCD, also with physics enabled, and it worked just fine . Also, you get a much more realistic robot behavior, since it is controlled by the actual controller and program. However, you will not get a physical feedback to the real controller (joint torque etc.). If you want to imitate a collision detection through the robot for HRI topics, I would either add simulated force sensors to the robot and tool (if Unity supports that), or just use a collision-based setting of a variable/signal that triggers as a safety stop on the robot. See also here:
Greetings
Max
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Artificial intelligence will find application in many fields of services and industries. Currently, among scientists studying AI, the dominating opinion is that the development of artificial intelligence and robotics should not get out of control of humanity. The mentioned escape from the control of the development of artificial intelligence and robotics is understood as gaining independence and independence of the human being - the creator by intelligent machines, robots, equipped with artificial intelligence, able to autonomously and autonomously operate without human control.
In many novels and films of the science fiction genre, these types of black technological development scenarios are presented, in which robots are able to repair themselves, replicate themselves, produce further autonomous robots and rebel against a man, and declare war on a man. The most famous science fiction idea in this topic is "Terminator", "2001 Space Odyssey", etc. In my opinion, this type of science fiction visions will not materialize.
In my opinion, it is still too early to answer this question. In addition, it is not certain whether the humanity will survive until the end of the 21st century in connection with the progressing global warming, so perhaps there will simply be no time for such a far-reaching continuation of technological advances in the field of artificial intelligence and robotics.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, the following question is valid:
Can the development of artificial intelligence and robotics escape the human control?
Please reply
Best wishes
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In any means, we must not forget that AI is directly associated with wars and it is originally launched for the destruction of humanity.
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Different types of intelligence are studied and described, eg emotional intelligence is significantly different from classical intelligence. Intelligence is determined by various factors, both genetic and behavioral, developmental. In addition, the development of artificial intelligence, which in my opinion never matches human is done under the control of a human being, which means that the probability of realizing a negative development scenario of this technology presented in literature and film from the science fiction genre is small. It is unlikely that self-perfecting machines, which would be autonomous robots at the same time, would achieve a high level of intelligence, matching human intelligence and would rebel against people as demonstrated, for example, in science fiction movies from the "Terminator" series. Does anyone of you in this matter have a different opinion? If so, why?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Best wishes
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Dear Thomas Anthony Troszak, Thank you very much for the rich, substantive information and explanations on the topic artificial intelligence. Thank you for the information provided and the link to interesting data in the above-mentioned issues. Very interesting considerations. I am very glad that the discussion on this important topic is developing.
Thank you very much and best regards, Have a nice day,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Are there futurological estimates when mass autonomous humanoid robots will be manufactured in series?
When mass-produced autonomous humanoid robots will be produced in series, that is, futurological visions known from such science fiction novels and movies as "I. Robot", "AI Artificial Intelligence", "Ex Machina", "Chappie", "Bicentennial Man", "Star Wars", "Star Trek", etc.?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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...To increase the autonomy of humanoid robots, the visual perception must support the efficient collection and interpretation of visual scene cues by providing task-dependent information.... Grotz, M., Habra, T., Ronsse, R., & Asfour, T. (2017, September). Autonomous view selection and gaze stabilization for humanoid robots. In 2017 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) (pp. 1427-1434). IEEE.
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Hello everyone,
Currently, I am writing my master thesis on retail service robots and I need to conduct a survey which requires 40 participants. All the instructions and background information is in the introduction. It is very interesting and would take only 5 - 7 mins.
Please click the following link to participate, or copy paste in your browser.
Thanks a lot for your help and support.
Sardaruddin Kamali
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The server you're using still may collect some logs, it's not a big deal but some notice could be needed.
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Can someone explain to me the benefits from having a relationship with AI? And also the things we should worry about?
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I am mathematician and love AI (Mathematics & AI is as body and soul), mainly during my PhD in AI which was based on mathematical/statistical modeling for applications in computer vision. During my PhD training, my main concern was, on how to utilize and bridge AI with mathematical/statistical modeling for automatic patter recognition. To me it is really the ever thrilling fun in scientific world. For a mathematician when working in AI, obtaining fast computations and visualization with instant observations by experiments is really a fun-play.
I do not see any drawbacks of AI. It is a problem solver technique in faster and optimal way, so drawback is no point either. Concerning to its pros & cons, I would like to say, it is by the user well, how they use it?
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There have been many emotion space models, be it the circumplex model or the PANA model or the Plutchik's wheel. But all of them are used to represent human emotions in an emotion space. The definitions for arousal and valence are easy to interpret as human beings as we have some understanding of pleasant/ unpleasant or intense/non intense stimuli. However, how can we define the same for a robot? What stimuli should be considered as Arousing and what should be Pleasant for a robot? I am interested in reading the responses from researchers in the field and having a discussion in this area. Any reference to relevant literature would also be highly appreciated.
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Hi,
I am looking to work with the NAO humanoid robot in my Masters thesis and looking for various application areas and incorporating state-of-the-art technologies for solving a problem. Your suggestions will be very helpful.
Thanking you.
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Mayuresh Amberkar okay something a bit ambitious but actually it was something I wanted to do few years ago but I gave up because not enough time and the technology was not there.
You can consider a CNN which is detecting the face expression/emotion (or some body attitude in case of elders) and produce either:
- Motion of the Nao body either mimicking the emotion that was detected or something different in order to change the mood of person
- Synchronize the body motion with a specific speech - try to change the tone if you can because it is an important factor in the voice that can influence the mood of the receptor.
You have an full loop between perception and action (kinematics) and an interesting area of research at the intersection of psychology and robotics.
Cheers
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I am making a humanoid robot where smooth walking is a challenging work. I have done the basic walking, but I should make it more smoother. Obviously, sensors like Gyroscope and Accelerometer are helpful to perform this task. Which of these sensors should I use?
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Accelerometer alone should be more than enough for such task as it has been used widely in activity recognition studies. If I were you, I would start with the accelerometer only and collect data from experiments to what you consider "smooth walking" for your robot. You could also try extracting time/ frequency features from the accelerometer data and use that to compare between desirable vs undesirable walking.
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Is there any probabilistic study on When/If Artificial Intelligence may take over the humanity?
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There is a very good book, published in 2018, and named "Hello World: How to be Human in the Age of the Machine", It might help.
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Dear all,
I have a problem about finding current studies about my project which is related with humanoid robot head. Actully my question is not specific for this subject but it s general question for all fields of science. I am trying to find the latest study with using references of related papers, however I cannot find the last limit of it.
Thanks to all
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Hi,
The latest studies in any subject are indexed in Google Scholar. The next best thing is to search a relevant database in your research area. You may try locating new material on ArXiv, which is a preprint database for physics , mathematics , computer science and other sciences. This repository is free on the net and you could locate there material before it is published in a formal journal.
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  • the advantages of investigastin on humanoid robots...
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Most of the applications I see are educational. In addition, it has applications in medicine, therapies, among others.
I recommend checking the papers of the IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robotics (Humanoids).
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So far I found these papers. I think the last two are not so well reputed Journals.
Title: Social Robots for Long-Term Interaction: A Survey
Year: 2013
Journel/conference: International Journal of Social Robotics
Title: A Systematic Review of Adaptivity in Human-Robot Interaction
Year: 20 July 2017
Journal/conference: Multimodal Technologies and Interaction — Open Access Journal
file:///C:/Users/20174715/Downloads/mti-01-00014-v2.pdf
Title: A review on humanoid robots
Year: 7 February 2017
Journal/Conference: International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences
I would highly appreciate your help
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Dear Tahir,
I suggest you to see links in topic.
Human–Robot Interaction: A Survey - CNRS
-Socially intelligent robots: dimensions of human–robot interaction
-Robots Working with Humans or Humans Working with Robots? - MDPI
-Human–Robot Interaction: Status and Challenges ... - SAGE Journals
-Computational Human-Robot Interaction - Now Publishers
-Human-Robot Interaction | The Encyclopedia of Human-Computer ...
-Conference program - Human-Robot Interaction
-Journal Club — Social Robots
-HRI - ``In the wild'' In Rural India - Social Robots in the Wild
Best regards
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The Green IoT offers excellent platform to support Industrial Automation using Humanoid Robotics in Cyber Physical Systems and Critical Infrastructures.
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Dear Eduard,
I suggest you to see links in topic.
-Innovation Potentials and Pathways Merging AI, CPS, and IoT - MDPI
-A blockchain future to Internet of Things security: A position paper ...
-The Internet of Robotic Things: A review of concept ... - SAGE Journals
-Industry 4.0: the fourth industrial revolution - guide to Industrie 4.0
-Mobile Cyber Physical Systems: Current Challenges ... - IEEE Xplore
-Prospects of robotics in food industry - Scielo.br
-The Future Internet of Things and Security of its Control Systems - arXiv
-Robotics and industrial automation enabled by 5G - Ericsson
Best regards
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For one stride how can I get the max height that human can achieve when walking on a flat surface and its position at the x-axis.
Thanks in advance.
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If you are asking in the swing phase of gait I like that recommended article "Sagittal Gait Synthesis for a Five-Link Biped Robot ". If it is during the stance phase of gait this is variable based on many factors: Gastroc tightness, pes planus vs pes cavus, and joint positions of the extremity above the ankle in the extremity.
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What progress was made in the field of Humanoid Robotics and what are the future research directions in bridging the AI & Robotics?
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Looking at what some popular humanoid robots could do, we can see the progress in this field is quite impressive. I supposed Sophia (social robot) can be used as a benchmark in this case (robotic science).. and she even obtained her citizenship lately
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Impact of longer stay in the space shuttle has significant health impact on cosmonauts, with essential long term recovery after returning back to Earth. Havin Humanoid Spatial Robots insted of Human might be way to move forward with much longer flights and depper space exploration.
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The design of humanoid robots involves significant challenges which include the scope for self recharge, automatic restoration to adjust to varied climatic conditions and serious issues related to control aspects.
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Having a Robot at home may be considered today as having a machine that has no features to interact with pepole intellectually not emotionally. Given the current and future research and technological advancements the futuristics Humanoid Robots will be able to interact with people both intellectually and emotionally. Will they be ever accepted as home companions or will the be for ever considered just as machines and electro mechanical tools?
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Have you noticed being somewhat dependent or attached to your domestic robot? It is truly smart? Can you use it as your phone, TV, Health Support, Car and Garage controller, Gardener, plus....? Or it is just a simple Robot that performs very specific tasks?
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Surely, anyone who has a smartphone, tablet, laptop or PC, has some degree of dependency or even some kind of attachment to these computational devices. Yet, these so-called smart computational devices are far from possible degree of intelligence and smartness of Futuristic Smart Humanoid Robots.
The Future Smart Humanoid Robots will have all the computational capabilities of today's Smart Computational Devices, and far beyond. The future Smart Humanoid Robots will become essential part of daily life. Just imagine having lost or stolen your "Smart" Phone, Tablet, Laptop, or PC with all your private data.
They may become a essential platform to future education, work, health support, house safety, financial security, and far beyond.
This would naturally be quite difficult experience, even for a elementary or high school student, never mind being an Army General or Government Official.
If there is a degree of dependency on so-called smart computational devices today, imagine what degree of dependency could be on Futuristic Smart Humanoid Robot(s), and what kind traumatic experience one may live through if it get lost or stolen?
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Dear Artur, thank you. Indeed, so many questions and so many excellent answers. At this point in my career, I take interest in things that I did not have time to investigate or study in depth. There was always so many other other thing to study, discover and understand. Somehow I wish I could be very young again so that I can start learning so many wonderful and fascinating subjects. Mind, I did learn little bit of sixteen foreign languages , and did all complete all degrees possible, and yet, I am somewhat disappointed that I missed so many other things.
Dear Kirk, I agree the Human Spirit is far beyond machines and always will be. It is people who may choices based on their own set of values and believes. Machine can only do what they were programmed to do and indeed not reason like human. The future surely will bring lot of advancements in AI, Robotics, Automation, Bio-technologies, plus much more, but will be it be enough to conquer Human Spirit, I found it difficult to believe.
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Hi, Would you mind adding me as a collaborator to the ATTEND project?
Thanks,
Laurent
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I would also request the same. If its possible, I would to like to explore goals of this project together and collaborate 
Thanks
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Projects for Speech Recognition; prototype and small applications preffered in Delphi
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Sphinx is a flexible framework for research in speech recognition. use that
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I intend to purchase a  magnetoelectric measurement unit. My budget is around 30,000 USD. Can anybody please suggest me any brand/company? Thanks in advance. 
Dr. Basith 
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Thanks Mr. Avisek. Yes, I have a connection with them, they supplied me P-E loop tracer. Thank you very much once again.
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Note in particular are you interested in the case where the rover may at times operate autonmously and at other times as a teleoperator while storing data for an astronaut user in a remote location, ie one of Mar's moons?
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This project is an engineer's dream. It has elements that require the project team members to creatively blend established (even old) techniques with new ones, in "outside the box" ways. Teleoperation in real-time is not possible, so giving detailed directions to the onsite exploration vehicle won't work. So, develop primitive routines that can be strung together like beads using higher-level commands. The rover should understand general commands from mission control, like "explore quadrant G31 and report", leaving details of how to accomplish that task to itself. An expert system would be an excellent starting point, with the "experts" being the development engineers and scientists. The rover sensors would allow monitoring planning and execution. Any exceptions to a routine, such as bumping into a rock, or approaching a precipice, would be reflected to control on Earth, to facilitate improvement to existing routines and addition of new ones. Then, creating a "curiosity" attribute to blend a variety of exploration methods would be helpful. How would a robot look for interesting planetary features and objects, or avoid weather? Imitating human behavior is a great place to start: nature has provided the plan. I gave a 3-hour presentation at MIT on this approach 7 years ago: “Tutorial: Biologically-Inspired Object-Oriented Design & Object-Oriented Programming for Robotics and Artificial Intelligence”, 15th IASTED Intl Conf on Robotics & Applic, MIT, Cambridge MA, Nov 1-3, 2010. I've given 26 presentations at NASA Houston since 2006, most involving artificial intelligence and robotics for space applications.
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I want to calculate the speed of humanoid robot, So How can I do?
Thanks in advance.
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Hi Nour,
Generally the velocity of the robot trank is not constant during the walking motion. The velocity changes depending on the Trank position with respect to the position of the standing foot.
You can determine the average velocity simply by measuring the step length and divide it by the time needed to take the step.
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I am a post-doc fellow and have used and study (in my research) two additional tools to the ones you included in your planned workshop. They include government online forums and "walking interviews". Would these potentially interest you?
Best,
Yael Teff-Seker (Ph.D.)
Technion
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Hello technion,
Indeed, I need to see and experiment with other methods and tools of work. I will be glad to see what you have done as part of your research.
Thanks in advance
Maurice
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he is professor emeritus, nihon university, tokyo
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i did colleborative research with dr. akihisa, ninon university
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By directional communication, I mean if a single ping is sent, the receving system should be able to perceive which direction it is coming from.
EDIT: As for scale, what if we are talking about several robots (tiny bots like thymios for example) in the same room?
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Microwave or mm-wave would be perfectly good - broadband best.  It is not speed that matters but wavelength.  Look up monopulse accuracy, for instance.  You will need a spread of wavelengths or a spread of antennas to get accurate direction in a room.  You will need some kind of range discrimination otherwise you also locate the directions of the reflections of things in walls,  like being in a hall of mirrors.  Range discrimination requires either a spread of wavelength or widely separated antennas or a bit of both.
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Hi
My humanoid robot have 14 degrees of freedom in total. each leg have 6 DoF and waist have 2 DoF.
I want to study about control of it and I need the method for generate a model for Dynamic of it Using Denavit-Hartenberg method.
Can someone Help me what reference I should study.
Thanks a lot
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Hi, How can we do footstep planning for humanoid robot under ROS or webots environments. Kindly suggest. Any good approach for step length, direction and goal position from start and stop position.
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Hi Anil: 
You can consider this problem as a kind of 2D motion planning. Assuming the lenght and the turning you can perform with each step known (which will be different for each model of humanoid robot), you can model your problem as a graph where the states are the poses of your feet and the arcs the connectivity between these states (i.e. if you are in a certain position you can advance an step, turn right or turn left, which leads your robot to have a new pose for each one of the feet). You can use the information of the robot state to check possible collisions in the known map. This way to model the problem creates a graph in which you can search using a discrete search algorithm like A*, ARA* or AD* (if you are interested in replanning too). 
I've used this approach successfully in wheeled robots and UAV's, and it would be easily applicable to navigate with humanoid robots too. If you take a look to the publication I attach you maybe you can find some useful information about this approach Sections III to V. Even if in this case it is applied to a wheeled robot you can adapt it easily for a humanoid.
I hope my answer helps you.
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Maybe Afforts to create a model for human behavior and movements and even feelings and reactions based on a mathematical equations is one of my interests in my future research life.
So I wanna see if there were any clues on this area which help me to make robats that just act like a human do on different situations to start my investigation on it??
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... That's an interesting idea. With AI, we are so busy trying to make algorithms perfect. But to emulate human intelligence I guess we should focus on other behaviours - temptation, jealousy, lust, greed, etc. 
I think "forgetting" is a good example - it is generally considered to be undesirable, but I'm pretty sure it is an essential part of intelligence and the learning process. 
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I am working on humanoid path planning and completed with algorithm testing in matlab....now I need to test it in physics simulators so that I can validate my results. Openrave seems to be very good option for my algorithms....but I could not find any humanoid model as example file in Openrave installation.....are they available in the internet or do I have to create a model by myself.....thanks in advance.
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for low dimensional configurations goal can be inferred from IK solution of given cartesian space goal constraint, but for a very high DOF system like biped(21-DOF's in my case) even deriving analytical expressions of Forward Kinematics (for the purpose of finding IK by gradient descent method) is cumbersome.....Is there any alternate method to do that.....thanks in advance.
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You can get the similar or apropriate answer by searching the keyword in the GOOGLE SCHOLAR page. Usually you will get the first paper similar to your keyword.
From my experience, this way will help you a lot. If you still have a problem, do not hasitate to let me know.
Kind regards, Dr ZOL BAHRI - Universiti Malaysia Perlis, MALAYSIA
BNT-BKT-BT. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/post/BNT-BKT-BT#view=54f68badd3df3ee77c8b4638 [accessed May 7, 2015].
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Imagine you want to design X modules which you would use to create robots. how many modules would you develop and each ones? The aim is to be able to set up a maximal number of application robots from this modules.
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Hi
You can think a module as a complete actuation, sensing and control.
If you are considering an industrial manipulator, then you need,
a model for each category of rotational joints (waist, elbow and shoulder joints)
a model for each category of prismatic joints (orthogonal and coo-linear)
an End effector module (male-female connection)
This mean you need 5 modules for the joints and one for the end effector.
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I am trying to classify motion(i.e walking, under different peturbation forces) using accelerometer(x,yz) and gyroscope(x,y,z) values using DTW algorithm but due to the noisy nature of these sensors on a nao robot I have been thus far unsuccessful, I wanted to ask for suggestions/pointers on possible filtering techniques I could use to minimize this noise.Thanks
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Dear Saqib
Just to simplify some of explanations above, you can simply smooth your data by way of averaging the accelerometer output samples. That is you can add two, three or more accelerometer output samples at a time and divide by number of samples in the block to get the average each set of sample blocks. Each block or bundle average is then your new (smoothed) output sample. 
This is known as smoothing or averaging and is equivalent to low pass filtering in the frequency domain. The more samples you use to compute a new sample average, the lower the cut-off frequency of your low-pass filter, and the smoother your accelerometer data will be. 
Dont use too many samples to compute the average then, you may lose abrubt changes in your measurement that may be important. To put it in another way, too many samples in each smoothing block may result in the loss of important high frequency responses in your measurement. 
Regard
Gerro
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I use KINECT to collect the human demonstrator's data.
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I want help in quadcopter programming
How can I  programming the 4 motors by using arduino to control the sped and the direction 
and when it show up I want just slow dawn the speed with out effect the direction 
*note my motors are DC not stepper 
thanks a lot
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alter the pwm to the dc motor for changing speeds of motor
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I am interested in work on robots that can interact with children but are not telemedicine. I'm especially interested in social robots that can talk or understand human languae
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You can use humanoid robots as a tool that can intact with children easily, it is like a human being and also can talk and also listen if it is programmed well. Now days a wide researches have been devoted to the use of this kind of robots to health care. One interesting topic is using humanoid ones in helping autistic kids. Some commercial robots have been used recently that look interesting for kids. Some scientific surveys have been done to show the research improvement and also achievements.
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We are making a humanoid and I am about to add some extra details, firstly there was idea of fingers and I have to submit another detail innovatively. Do you have any suggestions?
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Hi, for a point to start. you can go through the RoboCup Humanoid League Official webpage. You can see there variety of robots which are working now well. So you can start from simple design and then go to develop them.
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In my application, I am trying to find an electrical linear actuator, whose stroke is less than 200 mm, highest speed is more than 15 m/s^2, and the driving force is more than 400 N. Could anyone give me some suggestions about the brands or some offical links to find a solution? 
Thanks so much in advance
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I am currently looking into verification of mathematical and numerical models for humanoid robots. I have developed mathematical models and numerical algorithms but I want to verify their accuracy through some standard technique. In structural mechanics (FEA), there exist a technique called Grid Convergence Index (GCI). I am looking into similar index but for robotics. 
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Hi Jawad
I am not familiar with V&V for robotics. However I would suggest the text book:
'Verification and Validation in Scientific Computing' by W.L. Oberkampf & C.J Roy
Hope you find this useful.
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Hi,
Currently I am working as motion planning on humanoid robotics. I need some information on how to apply motion planning in matlab. or any other special software.
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There are a couple of free software suites out there, in case you don't want to go into the guts of it yourself:
In case I remember another one, I'll update that post, but it should give you already a good idea.
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I am working with a humanoid robotic arm. The joints have dc servo motor with position and velocity sensor. But the sensor data is delayed. I have come across several methods including delayed input, transmission delay in telerobotic system etc. But it will be very helpful if somebody could guide me to which type of method I should follow. 
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Dear Farzin Piltan,
It has been a while since I worked with non-linear manipulators and backstepping, but in my experience it is very difficult to deal with time-delay in feedback in practice, and makes it very difficult to analyze stability for non-linear systems (I can't remember ever having seen any standard/general approach for analyzing the effect of time-delay in non-linear systems).
With regards to backstepping, I guess the more practical option is to rely on the observer you usually have to design for the backstepping control law, and the feedback of these states together with the feed-forward of the reference through the chosen dynamical model. In my experience then, the more accurate the model is, the better results you get. The simple approach is to reduce/change the gains by trial and error (simulation) in order to find an implementation that is stable (although stability can still not be guaranteed), but of course this increases the bound for the error. I guess this is the trade-off that has to be made. The robustness of backstepping (the varieties that I have seen) really do not extend to the effects of time-delay (and also, notably, does not handle sensor/actuator saturations, which can be a problem since backstepping often generates huge control signals, unless the growth rate of the control law terms is limited...)
I guess a different approach of using an Hinfinity control law (which includes an Hinfinity obeserver/generalized Kalman filter) and feed-forward linearization could be used. This might be a simpler framework to work with since it is possible to include the effects of time-delay in the linear model. Time-delay here also tends to restrict the control law gains, and depending on accuracy of the linearization, the linear model uncertainty can be large, and the two problems combined might make the performance poor, but I guess it is hard to say in general.
Changing the sensors (reducing the actual time-delay), if that is possible, does sounds like the very best option to me... Optical encoders should be really fast if used correctly. For rapid-prototyping and hardware-in-the-loop simulations, I would in general suggest using a regular PC running the MATLAB xPC real-time operating system with a National Instruments DAQ card installed (http://sine.ni.com/ds/app/doc/p/id/ds-15/), since it is usually a fast and relatively inexpensive solution that works without much modification, and since many of the DAQ cards include fast encoder inputs.
That is what I think, anyway :)
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We recently bought an iCub2 with enhanced communication abilities (see Nina below). We are currently working on visual attention and try to characterize the perception of the robot's gaze direction by human observers. We got surprised! The morphology of robotic eyes with no deformation of the eyelids and palpebral commissure strongly biases the estimation of eyes direction as soon as the gaze is averted.
Are you aware of any study (similar to what SAMER AL MOUBAYED and KTH colleagues have done with Furhat) on robots?
Thank you in advance for your help!
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I knew the work of the KTH people with Furhat... similar to yours. Nice piece of work. Lamp avatars are a bit different from robots: the eyes are active. Sounds strange that nobody did what you did with real robots... we keep in touch.
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I have a humanoid robot and I want to implement force control at one of the end-effectors. For this, is Jacobian Transpose better or the Jacobian Inverse?
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That's what I thought too, looking at the formula. However, @Philip's answer seems to have cleared it up for me. Thank you.
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See above
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Check for manufacturers catalogue and select motor which can have more than 10 kg of holding force. It also depends on what kind of accelerations will you allow. You need to give more information about it.
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Some work has already taken place with humanoid development.
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Autist patients and children in particular have problems related to social interaction and communication reciprocity. It was studied that for them it is much easier to interact with computer and machines, that have a predictable behaviour. Patients suffering from autism prefer repeatable actions and a much more reproducible interactions that are not always possible interacting with humans. Humanoid robots, having a human shape but being at the same time machine, can therefore facilitate the development of social reciprocity skills and interaction abilities, being at the same time a teaching and a gaming tool.
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Please provide a baseline code either in C/C++/MATLAB so that I can start working on it.
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Hi Ranjan,
Here is a great step by step matlab tutorial for particle filters. It is a youtube video series of 3 parts with matlab code.
The code links are in the description of the videos.
Regards,
Mohamed
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If a robot is equipped with multiple sensors e.g. camera, audio, tactile, force/torque etc., how can its position estimation be improved by sensor fusion?
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There are plenty of filters to deal with your problem.
The main choices are the Kalman filters (Extended Kalman filter, Unscented Kalman filter, etc) and the particle filters.
The first is useful when you have an initial position (or an idea of where it could be) and lineal (or near lineal) measurements.
The second is able to handle not knowing the initial position and having non linear measurements (map matching, etc.), but requires a significant amount of computing compared to the Kalman filters.
In all cases you will need to model the robot states (position, velocity, orientation, etc), estimate their propagation (probably using the odometry) and update the estimations with any measurement you receive.
I recommend the book "Probabilistic Robotics", from Sebastian Thrun, Wolfram Burgard, Dieter Fox on the subject.
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First off when the brain starts to control these non attached arms wether they are mechanical or virtual I was curious about the location of the brain development. Does the new activity take place in the motor cortex and if so where? If the virtual attachment acts as an arm does the new neuro development happen in the same motor region where the other two arm movement signals are generated or is it a random location? I have read about mice whisker sensory mapping where researchers added and removed whiskers from a mouse and that added and removed sensory maps in the mouse's brain for those whiskers. What is the capacity of adding new motor control functions to the brain, if a monkey can control a walking robot can it control and create a unique sensory map for ten robots, 20, 100 robots? It'll be exciting to see the progress ten years from now.
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If someone forces the monkey to control 100 robots to get one banana, I think the poor little monkey can do this.
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I am confused in finding an algorithm to balance biped robots
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First you need a dynamic model of your biped robot.
Then, you can use center of gravity or zero moment point techniques to begin with.
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I'm trying to build an affective lego robot for my study of human-robot collaboration. Could you suggest me what to read about expressing basic affect in robots (especially with a help of eyebrows and upper body)? And I'd be very grateful if you could answer this short survey so I could get some data about the current emotional expressions of my robot: http://kwiksurveys.com/s.asp?sid=x58ni0wxzxid65t122704 .
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I agree with Muhammad's suggestion: KISMET. In addition you should check the results from WE-4RII robot (head and torso expression). However the main problems are the technological constraints: only 3 motors! But still the main question is "what is possible to express with only 1 DOF?" I suggest first to read the results of Expression Measurement FACS (FACS=Facial Action Coding System) from Ekman y Friesen (1978). Then, you will decide what to express.
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I am making a robot. Its mechanical part is complete but voice control system is incomplete. Can you suggest how can I control my robot using voice?
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If you want just a few commands and a not too complex system you can use LPC coefficients for speech processing. There are a lot of examples in matlab.
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Hi,
As part of my research project, I'm looking into how we can make robots dance and adapt their robotic dance movements to the preferences of humans. The ultimate aim of the research is to develop an overal model for dancing robots as my contribution to make robots more socially acceptable in society.
So far, I have developed a program to make robots learn the fundamentals of dance and have now modified the program so that the robot changes and adapts it's movement to human preferences, but currently on the process of doing experiments.
I was wondering if any you wouldn't mind taking part in this questionnaire, by simply observering some videos of my dancing robot and answering honestly the related questions.
The videos and the questionnaire can be found here:
I'll also be interested to know if anyone else is doing work in this area or can share ideas etc.
Thanks for your help
Kind regards
ibs
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have a look at http://neuron.tuke.sk/~maria.vircik/danceproject/ - her mail is maria.vircik@gmail.com ... she was using EA for dance design ...