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Human Machine Interaction - Science topic

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Publications related to Human Machine Interaction (9,985)
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Dear Colleagues, Advanced robotics and artificial intelligence can influence the safety and health of industrial processes. Artificial-intelligence-based systems and advanced robotics are transforming the way work is designed and performed. These systems, which can be either embedded (e.g., robotics) or non-embedded (e.g., smart apps), can perform...
Article
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In many cases robots are directly in touch with humans, this interaction is necessary to design control systems that take into account a human-machine relation. Particularly important is the case when humans share the control with a robot. So, in order to validate control schemes, it is necessary to test them in an environment where the human-machi...
Preprint
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Research in technology development is important to generate functional, adaptable, eco-friendly, and secure solutions. In the academia, there have been many discussions on the importance of using more practical research methods in comparison to the ones social sciences (BSR) have used for behavioral analysis or theory construction. The increasing r...
Article
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With major developments in road traffic, especially automated and connected driving, new challenges in designing human-vehicle interaction arise. Human Factors is a field of research that analyzes the interaction between humans and systems to reduce error and increase productivity, safety and comfort. Related to that, User Experience (UX) Design is...
Article
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Eye blinking is closely related to human physiology and psychology. It is an effective method of communication among people and can be used in human–machine interactions. Existing blink monitoring methods include video-oculography, electro-oculograms and infrared oculography. However, these methods suffer from uncomfortable use, safety risks, limit...
Article
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Language identification is at the forefront of assistance in many applications, including multilingual speech systems, spoken language translation, multilingual speech recognition, and human-machine interaction via voice. The identification of indonesian local languages using spoken language identification technology has enormous potential to advan...
Article
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For eye state recognition (closed or open), a mechanism based on deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) using the Zhejiang University (ZJU) and Closed Eyes in the Wild (CEW) dataset, has been proposed in this paper. In instances where blinking is consequential, eye state recognition plays a critical part for the development of human–machine inter...
Article
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Highlights Carbon-based gradient resistance element structure is proposed for the construction of multifunctional touch sensor, which will promote wide detection and recognition range of multiple mechanical stimulations. Multifunctional touch sensor with gradient resistance element and two electrodes is demonstrated to eliminate signals crosstalk a...
Article
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General principles for fiber functionalization and strain sensor fabrication are briefly reviewed.Future application potentials of wearable strain sensors are summarized and evaluated.Challenges and perspectives of fiber-based wearable strain sensors are critically discussed. General principles for fiber functionalization and strain sensor fabricat...
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A tactile sensor system enables natural interaction between humans and machines; this interaction is crucial for dexterous robotic hands, interactive entertainment, and other smart scenarios. However, the lack of sliding friction detection significantly limits the accuracy and scope of interactions due to the absence of sophisticated information, s...
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In the past decade, the global industry and research attentions on intelligent skin-like electronics have boosted their applications in diverse fields including human healthcare, Internet of Things, human–machine interfaces, artificial intelligence and soft robotics. Among them, flexible humidity sensors play a vital role in noncontact measurements...
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Background The accelerated development of automated driving technology has raised the expectation that commercially available automated vehicles will be increasingly become ubiquitous. It has been claimed that automated vehicles are safer than conventional manual vehicles, leading to the expectation of fewer accidents. However, people expect not on...
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Background Previous experiments in tacit coordination games hinted that some people are more successful in achieving coordination than others, although the variability in this ability has not yet been examined before. With that in mind, the overarching aim of our study is to model and describe the variability in human decision-making behavior in th...
Article
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Kazuo Ishiguro’s novel Klara and the Sun (2021) philosophizes on how in the current technologically saturated culture, the gradual evolution of the empathetic humanoids has, on one hand, problematized our normative notions of cognitive and affective categories, and on the other, has triggered an order of emotional uncanniness due to our reliance on...
Conference Paper
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We present in this paper a new classification approach for identifying questions during human-machine interactions and more specifically in dialogue systems. The difficulty in this task is first to be domainindependent, reusable whatever the dialogue application and second to be capable of a real time processing, in order to fit with the needs of r...
Conference Paper
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The design of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle - (UAV) applied in defense domain has its foundations on the anti-terrorism war that had its resurgence from 2008 and because of the attack on the twin towers in 2001. The environment was conducive to the development and use of UAV generating the basis for the concept of the so-called mosaic war. This concept i...
Preprint
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In this study, conversations between humans and avatars are linguistically, organizationally, and structurally analyzed, focusing on what is necessary for creating face-to-face multimodal interfaces for machines. We videorecorded thirty-four human-avatar interactions, performed complete linguistic microanalysis on video excerpts, and marked all the...
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Factory automation in the context of Industry 4.0/5.0 requires safety levels to satisfy more stringent and tight limits than those available so far. This goal is further challenged by the extension to the wireless environment of industrial shop floor communications that were traditionally based on cabled networks. Starting with wireless LANs, the t...
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The human–machine interaction of existing agricultural measurement and control platforms lacks user-friendliness and requires manual operation by trained professionals. The recent development of natural language processing technology may bring some interesting changes. We propose a pipeline for building a natural language human–machine interaction...
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This design activity is an innovative method of rapid assembly system for folding chairs. The research methods used in this study included literature analysis, TRIZ the method, human factors engineering (HFE), universal design, and IPA. First, the design of the folding chair and the layout of the literature related to the chair are analyzed. The co...
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Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems are increasingly pervasive: Internet of Things, in-car intelligent devices, robots, and virtual assistants, and their large-scale adoption makes it necessary to explain their behaviour, for example to their users who are impacted by their decisions, or to their developers who need to ensure their functionality....
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In the past two decades, biomimetic tactile sensing technology has been a hot spot in academia. It has prospective applications in many fields such as medical treatment, health monitoring, robot tactile feedback, and human–machine interaction. With the rapid development of magnetic sensors, biomimetic tactile sensing technology based on magnetic se...
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Mit diesem Beitrag wollen wir das aktuell erst in unscharfen Konturen erkennbare Forschungsfeld der Automatisierung von Kommunikation näher bestimmen. Unsere zentrale These ist hierbei, dass wir, um die mit der Automatisierung von Kommunikation verbundene Transformation unserer Medienumgebung umfassend bearbeiten zu können, den Blick von der Perspe...
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Communication scholars are increasingly concerned with interactions between humans and communicative agents. These agents, however, are considerably different from digital or social media: They are designed and perceived as life-like communication partners (i.e., as “communicative subjects”), which in turn poses distinct challenges for their empiri...
Preprint
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We are in a golden age of progress in artificial intelligence (AI). Radiotherapy, due to its technology-intensive nature as well as direct human-machine interactions, is perfectly suited for benefitting from AI to enhance accuracy and efficiency. Over the past few years, a vast majority of AI research have already been published in the field of pho...
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The procreative statistical framework of musical note structures produces a crucial role in multimedia music classification and reconstruction strategies. Another significant thing for harmonious music composition is the rhythmic structures that transform musical performances into harmonic forms. Intelligent music computing paradigms try to establi...
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In this work, we present a perspective on the role machine intelligence can play in supporting human abilities. In particular, we consider research in rehabilitation technologies such as prosthetic devices, as this domain requires tight coupling between human and machine. Taking an agent-based view of such devices, we propose that human–machine col...
Article
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Compared with traditional rigid robots, soft robots have high flexibility, low stiffness, and adaptability to unstructured environments, and as such have great application potential in scenarios such as fragile object grasping and human machine interaction. Similar to biological muscles, the soft actuator is one of the most important parts in soft...
Article
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Robotic patients show great potential for helping to improve medical palpation training, as they can provide feedback that cannot be obtained in a real patient. They provide information about internal organ deformation that can significantly enhance palpation training by giving medical trainees visual insight based on the pressure they apply for pa...
Preprint
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Background Color has considerable effects on physiological and psychological perception in human-machine interaction, but it is unclear how the coding methods of interface color affect users’ perception. The present study investigated the impacts of two dimensions of color coding, quantity and hue contrast, on visual perception from three aspects:...
Article
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The main objective of this research was to propose a smart technology to record and analyse the attention of operators of transportation devices where human–machine interaction occurs. Four simulators were used in this study: General Aviation (GA), Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS), AS 1600, and Czajka, in which a spatio-temporal trajectory o...
Article
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Stroke and related complications such as hemiplegia and disability create huge burdens for human society in the 21st century, which leads to a great need for rehabilitation and daily life assistance. To address this issue, continuous efforts are devoted in human–machine interaction (HMI) technology, which aims to capture and recognize users’ intent...
Article
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Electronic skins mimicking the comprehensive functions of human skin are highly interesting for the development of human-machine interactions (HMI). Conventional conductive leathers face challenges of the non-uniform dispersion of conductive components and the complicated fabrication processes, hindering their applications for electronic skins. Her...
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Stroke is the second leading cause of death and one of the leading causes of disability in the world. According to the World Health Organization, 11 million people suffer a stroke yearly. The cost of the disease is exorbitant, and the most widely used treatment is conventional physiotherapy. Therefore, assistive technology emerges to optimize rehab...
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This paper explores and ultimately affirms the surprising claim that artificial intelligence (AI) can become part of the person, in a robust sense, and examines three ethical and legal implications. The argument is based on a rich, legally inspired conception of persons as free and independent rightholders and objects of heightened protection, but...
Article
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Due to the global uncertainty caused by social problems such as COVID-19 and the war in Ukraine, companies have opted for the use of emerging technologies, to produce more with fewer resources and thus maintain their productivity; that is why the market for wearable artificial intelligence (AI) and wireless sensor networks (WSNs) has grown exponent...
Preprint
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Thermal feedback has been proven to enhance user experience in human-machine interactions. Yet state-of-the-art thermal technology has focused on the single finger or palm in static contact, overlooking dynamic and multi-finger interactions. The underlying challenges include incompatible designs of conventional interfaces for providing salient ther...
Preprint
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Current technological advances open up new opportunities for bringing human-machine interaction to a new level of human-centered cooperation. In this context, a key issue is the semantic understanding of the environment in order to enable mobile robots more complex interactions and a facilitated communication with humans. Prerequisites are the visi...
Article
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The use of upper limb rehabilitation robots to assist the affected limbs for active rehabilitation training is an inevitable trend in the field of rehabilitation medicine. In particular, the active motion intention-based control of the upper limb rehabilitation robots to assist subjects in rehabilitation training is a hot research topic in human-co...
Preprint
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The bridging research between Human-Computer Interaction and Natural Language Processing is developing quickly these years. However, there is still a lack of formative guidelines to understand the human-machine interaction in the NLP loop. When researchers crossing the two fields talk about humans, they may imply a user or labor. Regarding a human...
Preprint
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Tactile sensory organs for three-dimensional (3D) force, such as human skin and fish's lateral line, are indispensable for creatures. Empowered by their often layered structure, typical sensory organs can achieve excellent perception as well as protection when facing frequent mechanical contact. Here, inspired by these layered structures, we introd...
Article
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Since the discovery of graphene, 2D materials have been widely applied to field-effect transistors (FETs) due to their great potential in optoelectronics, photodetectors, intelligent sensors, and neuromorphic devices. By integrating 2D transistor with triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) into tribotronic transistor, the induced triboelectric potentia...
Article
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Computerized systems are taking on increasingly complex tasks. Consequently, monitoring automated computerized systems is becoming increasingly demanding for human operators, which is particularly relevant in time-critical situations. A possible solution might be adapting human–computer interfaces (HCI) to the operators’ cognitive load. Here, we pr...
Article
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On-skin patches that record biopotential and biomechanical signals are essential for wearable healthcare monitoring, clinical treatment, and human-machine interaction. To acquire wearing comfort and high-quality signals, patches with tissue-like softness, elastic recovery, damage tolerance, and robust bioelectronic interface are highly desired yet...
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Bio-signal based hand motion recognition plays a critical role in the tasks of human-machine interaction, such as the natural control of multifunctional prostheses. Although a large number of classification technologies have been taken to improve the motion recognition accuracy, it is still a challenge to achieve acceptable performance for multiple...
Chapter
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Human factors integration is definitely a transdisciplinary and urgent matter in modern factories. Despite the great surge in factory automation in recent years, human-machine interaction is still a crucial aspect and companies need to take care of the workers’ wellbeing and performance to enhance the overall system quality and productivity. Nevert...
Preprint
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A new structure of the elevator latch device based on torque regulation control is proposed for single lifting ring accidents caused by the latches being not inserted in place in oil drilling. The device uses wireless intelligent sensing latches, and uses encoder to detect the running status and height of the traveling block. Once the system detect...
Article
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(open access full text available at https://publications.polymtl.ca/10586/) Alarm floods are dangerous because the quantity of alarms triggered is too numerous for operators to reliably implement the right corrective action. Process operators of complex systems, such as chemical plants or nuclear power production, are faced with alarm management s...
Preprint
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Interpreting and tracking finger motion in free space are important for human communication in the reality–virtuality continuum. End-user form-factor-free sensors integrated with neuromorphic computing capabilities can expedite the implementation of human–machine interfaces with accurate finger motion recognition. We introduce and design an ultra-f...
Article
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Social robotics aims at designing robots capable of joint interaction with humans. On a conceptual level, sufficient mutual understanding is usually said to be a necessary condition for joint interaction. Against this background, the following questions remain open: in which sense is it legitimate to speak of human–robot joint interaction? What exa...
Article
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Integration of AI technologies and learnable systems in production and logistics transforms the concepts of work organization and task assignments to human and machine agents. Thus, the question arises of what intelligent machines and human workers may be able to achieve as teammates. One answer may be guiding and training the workforce at the work...
Article
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With the vigorous development of the Internet of Things and artificial intelligence, the active sensing system based on triboelectric nanogenerators plays an excellent performance potential and application value as a pioneering technology for smart manufacturing. Nevertheless, achieving material innovation to strike a good balance between active se...
Article
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Motorcycle simulators are employed for rider training, studying human-machine interaction, and developing assistance systems. However, existing simulators are either too simple and, therefore, unsuitable or significantly complex, with higher hardware costs and familiarisation times. This study aimed to use a tuned single-track car model as the basi...
Article
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Repetitive overhead work with a heavy load increases the risk for work-related shoulder disorders. Occupational exoskeletons supporting arm elevation are potential solutions to reduce that risk by lowering the physical strains on the shoulder. Many studies have reported a reduction in shoulder stress in various overhead tasks by using such exoskele...
Article
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Wearable sensors and invasive devices have been studied extensively in recent years as the demand for real-time human healthcare applications and seamless human-machine interaction has risen exponentially. An explosion in sensor research throughout the globe has been ignited by the unique features such as thermal, electrical, and mechanical propert...
Article
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Tactile technologies that can identify human body features are valuable in clinical diagnosis and human‐machine interactions. Previously cutting‐edge tactile platforms can identify structured non‐living objects; however, human body feature identification remains challenging mainly because of the irregular contour and heterogeneous spatial distribut...
Article
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Vivid haptic feedback remains a challenge in truly immersive virtual reality and augmented reality. As the tactile sensitivity among different individuals and different parts of the hand within a person varies widely, a universal method to encode tactile information into faithful feedback in hands according to sensitivity features is urgently neede...
Article
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Despite the importance of usability in human-machine interaction (HMI), most commonly used devices are not usable by all potential users. In particular, users with low or null technological experience, or with special needs, require carefully designed systems and easy-to-use interfaces supporting recognition over recall. To this purpose, Natural Us...
Article
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As a typical application of human–machine fusion intelligence, the exoskeleton is an indispensable intelligent interaction device for virtual reality. At present, there are an increasing number of studies on virtual reality systems using exoskeleton technology, especially in the field of medical rehabilitation. In this paper, for the first time, a...
Conference Paper
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This research work highlights the need for AI-powered applications and their usages for the optimization of information flow processes in the medical sector, from the perspective of how AI-agents can impact human-machine interaction (HCI) for acquiring relevant and necessary information in emergency department (ED). This study investigates how AI-a...
Article
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Humans can portray different expressions contrary to their emotional state of mind. Therefore, it is difficult to judge humans’ real emotional state simply by judging their physical appearance. Although researchers are working on facial expressions analysis, voice recognition, and gesture recognition; the accuracy levels of such analysis are much l...
Preprint
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Embodied Conversational Agents that make use of co-speech gestures can enhance human-machine interactions in many ways. In recent years, data-driven gesture generation approaches for ECAs have attracted considerable research attention, and related methods have continuously improved. Real-time interaction is typically used when researchers evaluate...
Article
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Human-machine teams or systems are integral parts of society and will likely become more so. Unsettled are the effects of these changes, their mechanism(s), and how to measure them. In this article, I propose a central concept for understanding human-machine interaction: convergent cause. That is, Agent 1’s response to the object is caused by the o...