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Human Behavior - Science topic

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Hi, I will conduct a study on students' digital documentation behavior by recording their keystrokes in the keyboard (basically using laptops ), with time-stamped action logs.
I found one free keylogging tool for windows users ,but its mac version is not available .
many scripts for macOS users are found in GitHub, but the solutions there are not user-friendly and appear to require commands skills.
please recommend any tools monitoring keystrokes or keypress event logger for Windows and macOS systems. open source software is preferred.
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It’s possible to build up a python-based Keylogger with time stamps in a low-level keypress event.
(1) to create virtual python environment in Windows Command Line (CMD) / Mac OS Terminal
a, download & install python and Git in windows /macOS
b, install pip (a package installer for Python)
(2) windows & macOS users pull scripts from the git repository by commanding git clone from :
(3) run everything (script / command) in Windows Command Line (CMD) / Mac OS Terminal
a, use pip command to install Keylogger.py.
b, use pip command to install pynput package
(4) navigate python in CMD or OS to launch Keylogger
(5) find the logfile.txt
the logfile will be recorded with Unix timestamp.
use the following formula to convert Unix timestamp to m/d/yyyy h:mm:ss.000
for instance : A1=1666310086117
B1=LEFT(A1,10) & "." & RIGHT(A1,3)
C1==(((B1/60)/60)/24)+DATE(1970,1,1) , change the cell format
as m/d/yyyy h:mm:ss.000 (Custom format)
the detailed procedures will be included later on.
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This is one of the concepts came across while reviewing the literature on the perspective of motivational science on human learning.
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You can see my latest book: Reber, A.S. & Allen, R. (2022). Unconscious cogntion: The first half century. Oxford University Press.
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Dear colleagues,
May I ask, What are the most important factors that affect the feeling of hunger?
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Physiological and behavioral factors, gastrointestinal factors, disease-associated factors, and environmental factors that initiate the hunger center can affect the feeling of hunger.
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Non-native English teachers are often regarded as not as competent as native teachers especially when considering their accent, pronunciation and English language abilities : what do you think about this issue ?
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BAAL (the British Association of Applied Linguists) has, rightly, barred the use of the phrase "native speaker" in any job advertising it accepts.
It does, after all, make little sense: one only has to look at Language Depts of UK universities to see staff with non-English language background making valuable contributions - better, in fact, than many natives who seem to be not that bothered to investigate the machinery of their native language enough to fill this post? There is also a word-wide trend away from 'Core-speaker English' to 'Global English'. The one exception might be use of native speakers when it comes to issues of pronunciation. Still-
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In simple words, religiousity refers to the degree of involvement in activities that deemed to be fulfilling the religious needs. We are currently working on a theme related to religiousity (Sanathan Dharma), Spiritual Wellbeing and Improved human behaviour.
We would highly appreciate, if someone can suggest articles related to the topic, or scale measuring religiousity, spiritual wellbeing and/or improved human behaviour
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The attached De Laney spirituality scale may satisfy your needs. You may wish to standardize it as in the South African study.
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Dear all,
I collected the data from 14 participants by using an item-Likert scale (1-5) related to workload measurement. The same participants rated the scale for six different-sized keyboard designs by considering workload. To understand if there is a significant difference among the six keyboard designs, I applied the non-parametric Friedman test. I found a statistical difference, so I applied Wilcoxon signed-rank test with Bonferroni correction for pairwise comparisons.
My question: While I found no significant difference between LL-SS, there is a significant difference between ML-SS, though LL and ML have the same mean. Is this true? adjusted alpha value = 0,05 / 15 = 0,00333, the Wilcoxon result is 0,00306 for ML-SS. So I considered it a significant difference. Did I make it correct?
Looking forward to your support!
I attached the workload results and spss outcome.
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Hi, Emmanuel Gabreyohannes . In general the signed-rank test isn't a test of medians. It's pretty easy to come up with an example of observations that have the same medians, but will result in a low p-value for this test. ... As a side note, technically the test can't be used with strictly ordinal data as the first step is subtracting paired values, which wouldn't make sense for strictly ordinal data.
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As science is principally aimed to help developing life facilities for human being through widening and enhancing our knowledge of what is happening, happened, and will happen in the future, I wonder if scientific research in the last decades is really oriented to achieve its goals. Can you give me your feedback on this subject matter?
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The impact of an individual along with his or her ability is also affected by the vision of the individual. Currently, we all are employed by a system that considers apparent success at the cost of durable development. I would say that we could have done far better than what we had done.
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One of the most valuable pieces that contribute to psychology is research. Research helps us elucidate the why and how, of theories used to understand human behavior. There are several types of research methods in psychology, some methods include Experimental, Survey, Correlational & Archival Research. These methods involve testing variables, which are known as behaviors, events, or other characteristics that can change, or vary, in some way. When conducting research, some test may be repeated using different research methods. According to Dr. Saul McLeod of Simply Psychology "if a measurement is repeated and the same result is obtained then it is described as being reliable." Therefore, to ensure they obtain reliable and accurate results, a scientist may use various types of research methods.
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Samantha Green, from what you have written in your question (much of which seems to be a bit of a jumble but also a mini lecture about things that are common, and very basic, knowledge), I suggest you try to examine the difference between replication in research versus test-retest reliability.
I hope that's helpful.
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Values are degrading continuously over the world. In the lack of human values, life is becoming more and more insecure, violent and uneasy. primary education is the foundation stone of overall education system of a country. Developing and nurturing values at this stage is quite useful and difficult as well. I am thinking on developing a practical framework to inculcate among kids the human values. I need inputs and experience of already engaged faculty and researchers. Teaching values is not alone sufficient, rather students learn thing through concrete experience. Genuinely this is not a simple task to do so. I am looking forward for support from research gate community. Thanking you in anticipation.
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Good morning
In my opinion, it depends on the school and the country
Best regards
Ph.D. Ingrid del Valle García Carreño
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1. Science folks unanimously agree about a fixed definition for “Theory of Mind” or "Mentalizing"! That I think is a philosophical paradox as theory of mind has this very pivotal cannon of being open in empathizing and understanding different beliefs through attribution of mental state as in beliefs, intentions, knowledge and emotion. Thus, how could we all agree to establish one definition for “Theory of Mind” which conveys elimination of all other definitions or disregard openness to other definitions of “Theory of Mind” itself that might be quite different from the typical definition of theory of mind. As if one might staunchly emphasize that they believe in animal advocacy and rights but still keeps a songbird in a cage! I believe that some definitions cannot be strictly defined as a single omnipresent definition and depending on the subject and application would vary in definition. Theory of Mind can have one definition in mentally healthy human and yet another but not incorrect definition in mentally disordered people. Not to mention that theory of mind has been reported to be a personality trait in non-human primates as well!
Do you agree... or disagree?
2. There are neuropsychological assessments through sessions or interviews... But what about an efficient or statistically reliable "experimental" method of assessment for theory of mind in humans and non-human primates?! Theory of mind is a rather complex behavior which not only includes one's own beliefs or intents but also deciphers those of the others.
We have used "eyes task", etc. during neuroimaging to evaluate theory of mind. Scientists using such simple tasks and fMRI with all its limitations in terms of noise, resolution and processing to test mentalizing. Results are amazing but couldn't we develop better tasks and less limited modalities to assess a behavior with such complexity that involves numerous brain regions at once?
Maybe?...
3. This is a social trait! When someone fails to develop mentalizing (either due to neurological disorders such as schizophrenia, autism... or due to still unknown mechanisms of acquired behaviors and social environment) which can be represented as a wide spectrum of complex behaviors from misunderstanding/incomprehension of beliefs or intentions which are different, unempathetic adamancy to disrespecting or denigrating and disparaging others' beliefs; wouldn't it be quite tricky to merely observe and assess underlying brain functions in a singled out subject via current imaging or experimental modalities?
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No veo la explicación científica de este concepto
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What is the boundary between the tasks that need human interventions and the tasks that can be fully autonomous in the domain of civil and environmental engineering? What are ways of establishing a human-machine interface that combines the best parts of human intelligence and machine intelligence in different civil and environmental engineering problem-solving processes? Any tasks that can never be autonomous and need civil and environmental engineers? Coordinating international infrastructure projects? Operating future cities with many interactions between building facilities? We would love to learn from you about your existing work and thoughts in this broad area and hope we can build the future of humans and civil & environmental engineering together.
Please see this link for an article that serves as a starting point for this discussion initiated by an ASCE task force:
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After eight months in the COVID-19 pandemic and millions of infections, there are some that still think this is a conspiracy and go against the advice of the expert in the field just because their leader said so!. How can a literate society become so polarized and influence to such a degree that fail to see the obvious? Is it the lack of transparency, mistrust, or lack of correct information? Can such a society be healed? How would you rebuild trust?
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I think it is because they have a very small universe
of understanding or a great intention to profit from
incorrect decisions.
Best regards
Marlúbia
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Hi. I want to see how crisis modified certain human behaviors and characteristics. I am wondering how the crisis should be measured using a survey. For me, crisis can be proxied as Covid-19, recession or any other human emergency. Could you recommend anything please.
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Do you know any systematic steps for building taxonomies in the field of HCI? My question is mostly to qualitative researchers.
I would appreciate any advice, reference, or even sharing of experiences.
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Here is a start Reza. Excluded from this would be quantitative designs which may invoke machine learning etc.
Qualitative designs to explore human behavior could take individual, group or larger data collection/ observation strategies. First of course, review the literature to identify what is already known .
Individual data for these goals can be collected through interviews, observations, retroactively (retrospective analysis), experiments, and physical.
Group data may be collected using the above, but not often physical, add techniques including surveys, census, discussion, Delphi, and others.
Larger data collection scope approaches for that goal may include some of the above as well as socio cultural, economic and political.
The key requirement is you must clearly articulate your research question, which will lead to propositions or hypotheses, which thereby direct you to appropriate research designs includingformal research methods and maybe statistical techniques . Generally , the formal research method for creating a taxonomy of human behavior ought to invoke phenomenology, ethnography or grounded theory. Others are possible. The techniques used in the above methodology can include narrative analysis, discourse analysis, etc.
For more ideas maybe start reading these references and let me know how I could help you further.
Strang, K.D. (2021). General analytics limitations with coronavirus healthcare big data. International Journal of Healthcare Technology and Management 18(1), 1-11. doi:10.1504/IJHTM.2020.111964 Inderscience
Strang, K.D. (2015). Developing a goal-driven research strategy. In KD. Strang (Ed.), Palgrave handbook of research design in business and management (pp. 31-46). ISBN: 978-1137379924. NY: Palgrave Macmillan
Strang, K.D. (2015). Articulating a research design ideology. In KD. Strang (Ed.), Palgrave handbook of research design in business and management (pp. 17-30). ISBN: 978-1137379924. NY: Palgrave Macmillan
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I read from Hair et al., (2017)'s book that R square of 0.2 is acceptable in consumer behaviour research, however, they did not provide reasons for that. I think this is because human behaviour is less predictable than pure science. The reviewer requires me to provide more references for this, anyone has suggestions?
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Thank you all for the explanation, now I understand it!
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LSTM uses in behavioural science
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ممكن
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We are living in the age of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, Machines become so smart every day. Many people become afraid from the dangerous of this. but should we really fear these machine and their intelligence?
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The fear is that after a certain point, our brains will simply be unable to keep up with growth, progress, and innovation because things will be moving much too quickly.
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What criteria can be applied to define friendship? Is friendship an object of scholars'/philosophers' thinking? And what does it mean that someone is someone's friend? What are the qualities of friendship? What is the difference between a friend, an acquaintance, and a colleague? Can a wife or husband be a friend at the same time? Or rather, a friend is someone we can unbosom ourselves to when we have problems in relations with a wife or husband?                                                                                               
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A close friendship, according to behavioural scientists and psychologists, is a relationship that includes a long-lasting bond of sacrifice and shared moments. A true friend prioritises your happiness, never asks you to put your relationship ahead of your values, and you miss them when they're gone.
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Specifically a theory that could give insights into how management can get people to do what they have do do efficiently?
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This is an extremely broad question with a large collection of potential theories applicable. It would be more productive to start by finding literature addressing the specific area or research question topic you are interested in and identify relevant theoretical models.
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How do we Justify the " who, when, and where" conditional in the theoretical model?
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There are several considerations in the process of addressing this question (Finding the Right Theory). For example, the area of knowledge we are dealing with is very important. In Physics, a researcher has a hunch and immediately tries to define a mathematical model to back it up, then later experiments will follow to link abstractions to reality. The original theory was a hunch or a hypothesis justified by limited prior knowledge and logic.
In applied areas such as business and IT management, the research question needs to be important in practice. Whichever accepted research models have been validated provide a strong guideline. If validated measures for the relevant constructs already exist, so much the easier. On the other hand, often new technologies or new ways for business innovation gets ahead of existing theories; new theories must be proposed, new measures must be developed.
I hope that helps.
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Predicting human behavior is challenging. When using machine learning algorithms in human behavior research the NRMSE would be higher than when we are investigating more accurate areas (NRMSE < 0.1), but what is the acceptable range?
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Md. Qaiser Reza Dear Mr Qaiser Reza;
Thank you for your response. That link is a very useful source, and I myself had participated in the answers too. But I am to find the acceptable error range exclusively in the human behavior field.
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Do you think of it as a part of life, as a disease without a cure, as a way of immortalization, as a way of transformation, as a way to freedom..or something else. Is it good or bad? We all know that it is the real truth of life but why we always fear to talk about it.
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I fully agree with Dr. Ronán Michael Conroy a person knows that he is alive when he breathes, so breathing is the first physiological process that begins in order after the birth of the baby, so the breath may come out and not return again ...And every day we wake up in the morning is new hope and an opportunity to thank God to extend our lives for another day.
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Soft skills research
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Take a look at the research that is just out on Soft Skills Assessment
Maybe some ideas of references might be of use!
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If we consider the total loss of our ethical and moral principles, this means that "human misery" "knocks on our door" ... "Misery" comes from the failure to fulfill our main duties towards others, and it is precisely there where it has its origin the entrance through the door of all "vices" .
Oh human misery, how many things you submit to for money! [Leonardo Da Vinci]
Cf.
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Agree with Juana Mare
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Does data from contact tracing help in establishing patterns of behavior and social interactions that lead to infections? There are cases here in the Philippines where patients have no travel history but still get the virus. It is probable that patterns of behavior of other members of the household (for example, working in enclosed and densely populated workspaces) might cause the infection. Just a thought.
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You might find of interest this white paper of how airborne diseases spread and can be tracked by contact tracing and visualized by network analysis
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Each humans reaction sourced by nervous system so can we improve some bad habits or behavior of humans ?
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Study of neuro-science and medication accordingly help to change the behavior.
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How do we really measure environmental perception? And how do we measure relationship of environmental perception and associated behavior? What are the most prominent theories. It would be very helpful if some categorical answers are provided. Thanks in advance.
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Use real time study and measure the actual data.
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I am looking for literature on human behaviour modelling using ontology design pattern , and hopefully to get in touch with researchers/developers in that field. Or at least, to have a clear idea of the main players.
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Try to do real time application of tools in ontology and analyse the results.
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Many of us have already taken part in a heated debate on whether autonomous driving will  be pervasive in the near future. Putting legal and other dimensions aside, I was (and still am) skeptical about the technical plausibility of autonomous driving. Because driving in reality is a more complicated endeavor than a historical extract of traffic situations on which autonomous driving is based. The question is not about whether autonomous driving works or not, it is about the complex (mixed human/machine) environment in which it operates -- that is made worse by unpredictable human behavior. If autonomous driving car would be deployed in an environment where no human actor is involved, it could perform its task perfectly. But in a mixed environment, I don't think it will be the case and direct conversion be a feasible.
What do you think are the major challenges that hinder autonomous driving from taking off?
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One might be what to do in the critical sudden situations or incidents
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There is a theory saying that emotions are controlled by the right side of the brain and logic is controlled by the other side. Is the brain really divided into two sides when it comes to controlling different aspects of human behaviour?
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Yes, scientifically its correct.
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I am engaged in a project "Human affect based threat prediction". I am interested to see if I can learn to correlate human emotion to predict human behavioral responses. But am collecting such references that make such claims or collecting literature on similar idea. Help is very much appreciated.
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Yes, reactions are resulting through intense emotins
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Hell Expert(s),
I am considering a variable that has a further 5 sub-variables (dimensions). Concerning this, how should I check moderation for such kind of variable? Am I supposed to consider those all as separate moderators while analyzing data in Hayes Process Macro (Model 01)?
Next, while considering those all as separate, if one moderator (dimension) demonstrates a different effect (-/+) compared to others, what approach should I adopt to interpret? 5 dimensions reflect mental stability; if one is missing or has a different effect, how to address that?
Regards,
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Treat each sub variable as a moderator on the same x in successive regressions assuming the composite variable is a moderator.
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Do you think that the evolution of accounting, and the methods of accounting education, evolve with the same level of development and change in cultures and human behavior that is happening quickly at present?
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Let me point to another perspective that hasn't been manipulated with the previous answers of the honorable colleagues. The automation of the accounting systems by using computers. I spent more than 4 years writing an accounting system that is perfect enough to manage the working process inside most companies. It cost me more than 4years*365days*10hours =14600hours !!!
Now, let me ask all of you the following question: What do expect from the other accounting systems that are sold with an average of less than 70$? Do you expect these systems to solve your problems?
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Is utility the most important driving force of human behaviour?
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It is not only that. Among with, the different measurement should be conducted to identify various aspects of every things. There is a lot of lacks and limitations within this ones.
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I was reading a quote of Plato where he said that those who tell stories, rule society. I have seen in my life also, many great and legendary teachers having this unique ability of being a fantastic story-teller. Great performers who rise up to the level of a teacher in other walks of life like spirituality, politics, entertainment, public relations, business etc. also seem to have this unique feature. So I have started believing that story-tellers can become great teachers.
Scientists and researchers from around the world are requested to share their opinions regarding this.
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Dear Dr Anamitra Roy, wonderful question. Many great teachers and philosophers have used story telling as a method of teaching. Great political leaders, religious leaders, spiritual leaders attract huge masses by telling fictional, factual and other types of stories.
I do not want to name the present day leaders but every one knows how popular they are (and their stories).
Historical personalities like Lord Buddha, Osho, Mulla Nasruddin, Abdul Kalam, and many others are famous for their story telling.
But, I doubt whether all story tellers can be good teachers...
Some may be politicians, some may be farmers...
Also, all good teachers and not good in telling stories.
Warm regards Professor. Yoganandan G
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How much place attachment is important in today's globalized world? Is there such a concept with the existence of smooth mobility and the freedom of movement, validity of citizenship that allow people to move freely in the world?
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Place attachment can be the visual interface of a deeper main attachment or memory that have connection with important events in ones life, mostly the positive ones, when a person felt loved, cared, appreciated, successful, important, needed, etc. If somebody is subject to mobility factor these places are scattered and will be difficult to have easy access to it, but if someone is more stabile in space and time, the access to attachments or memories are more facile. It is the same with people that impacted our lives; if we are closer or connected the positive influence still runs in. If we are far, and separated, we miss the person and we ache for the positive flow towards us. Yes, I agree, the globalization process is advancing more culturally, but because of the unbalanced distribution of financial resources, the place attachment is still important as a location. Yes, I also agree that the social attachment have the main impact.
Effects of the globalization can be seen in paralleling to TCK's culture.
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We all known Dopamine is a happy/joyous hormone secrets from brain.How it changes the over all human behaviour & responsible for the well being of humanbeing.
Regards,
Md Osim
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Dopamine is a neurotransmitter, is produced into pars compact in the brainstem (mesencephalon) has been related to Parkinson Disease disorder, Major depression disorders an ADD (deficiency), schizophrenia (increased in the mesolimbic pathway) among others
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Psychological Impact of Health Disease on Human Behaviour. If anybody is interested they can join us.
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Dear I agree with you, Health psychology is important subject that should be discussed in detail. Psychologist can help the community in covid crisis. Its importance has been increased in covid period
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A large portion of stock market volume derives from automatic trading on the basis of algorithms. I am interested to know if they introduce completely new trends in stock price evolutions or if they integrate human behavioral factors thus accentuating the current trends.
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I agree with Amit Mittal
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COVID-19 is causing a radical changes in Human behaviour around the world. Mandatory or voluntary isolation for months, suspension of the active management, etc.These changes will have positive and negative consequences and impacts for wildlife and natural ecosystems. What is your opinion about that? Any scientific research planned to answer this topic?
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To put it simply it will be a disaster for most wildlife in developing regions that often rely on tourism concessions and gate fees for employing people to keep these animals safe. There has already been an immediate surge in rhino poaching in South Africa for example as soon as a lockdown was announced there. The same is true throughout most of Africa. No tourism = no protection for wildlife. Tourism and research also offers indirect protection, which is simply more eyes and ears within protected areas keeps illicit activities at bay.
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In the chaos of the current global movement, we are all affected with the COVID-19 disease, the oil price turmoil and the next financial crisis.
The latest update from US that they are testing the vaccine for coronavirus but it will take a year of 18 month from now to validate it.
And as forecast, the next financial crisis will only be around the corner at any time now.
One good thing we can see is that the citizen of the world come together in facing this and cleanliness has become a priority of all living human.
Perhaps, the world need a calibration or major resetting on how human have behave toward it for all this while.
Perhaps ...
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Dear Dr Daniel Moise
Its very great idea to gauge the perception of the stakeholders on this matter.
Because we can see the global impact and the consequences on what are happening.
The result from the research share be a good references for the next generation by doing so.
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Say I am interested in examining individual differences in cognition and behavior and am interested in how specific survey scores and parameters predict/covary with performance on a task. How would I analyze this data based on the literature?
Are there conventional methods for analyzing differences in psychological phenomenon across individuals? Is that exactly what uni/multivariate statistics is for? Or are there alternative methods? Are there where advanced statistics comes in?
Is it more compelling and/or informative to analyze individual differences in a single subject design, an aggregate model/submodel (GLM), or as a dynamical system?
What does the basic and current literature say? What papers or books explicitly discuss this?
Thanks,
JD
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I do recommend to take into consideration AI methods. More specifically machine learning methods like k-NN --- stands for k nearest neighbors --- might bring deeper insight into your problematic.
What I recommend is to study similar problems already resolved by this method and similar ML methods and try to understand the way of implementation into your specific problem.
The best way to tackle the problem is to use Python and relevant libraries that already contain all necessary ML methods. When you are novel in the field, try to find someone around you who us familiar with Python programming. He/she can speed up your learning curve substantially.
Some review papers on this topic would be an excellent start.
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Do you think, one day the technology will be developed by which each and every single human being can be monitored continuously without any device with them; just sensing their DNA barcode? Their location, activities, temperature, wellbeing, etc.
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How does fingerprints work with remote sensing and DNA Barcodes?
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What determines human behavior in daily life?
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The role of genetic factors should not be underestimated.
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The presence of the video camera seems to have an effect on human behavior, what are some of the theories to support this.
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run a randomized controlled trial!
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Present humanity is based on application of S&T. Political and social framework provide a base to development of S&T. This framework is not so strong due to selfish nature of individuals in a community.
The other issue is that invertebrates and primitive organisms may be more successful in the changed climatic conditions in future due to their adaptability and immense reproduction rates.
Knowledge provides ability to change the environment at the place of changing own DNA and genes. How far humanity can be successful by changing (and damaging) the environment. Adaptability of human society is being ceased due to increasing dependency on medical facilities.
Can S&T sustain without strengthening political, cultural and ethical framework?
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OF COURSE NOT.
above the salt , it means:
— Of or in a position of high standing, rank, regard, or repute. The term is derived from the social hierarchy of nobility in medieval times, in which salt, a precious commodity then, was set in the middle of the dining table. Those of high noble rank were seated "above the salt," that is, closer to the lord and lady of the house, while those in lower social standing were seated "below" it.
So, Knowledge is not the whole thing, I guess.
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The common view is that it does, but recently this view has been challenged. For example Prum (2013):
"Current concepts of art cannot exclusively circumscribe the human arts from many forms of non-human biotic art. Without assuming an arbitrarily anthropocentric perspective, any concept of art will
need to engage with biodiversity, and either recognize many instances of biotic advertisements as art, or exclude some instances of human art."
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Have you related the Discussion on art, with that of design. Art is connected to inspiration and design to motivation.
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I am looking for literature on human behaviour modelling using memetics, and hopefully to get in touch with researchers/developers in that field. Or at least, to have a clear idea of the main players.
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Thanks Ignacio. Let me take a look at what you shared.
Best regards
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Among the features considered as a hallmark of the researcher is impartiality (objectivity, neutrality). Many scholars have got clearly defined political views or are followers of a religion. Does this not interfere with the study of politics in their own country or their religion/denomination? Is it possible to reconcile one's views with objectivity in the study of these areas? Can, for example, an American researcher, a Republican, objectively analyze the political program of the Democratic Party, and vice versa? Can, for example, the Protestant objectively examine the principles of their denomination?
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I think a similar question of bias could be asked about scholars who study the politics of countries and case studies outside their own. Would they be bringing unique perspectives to the issues they're researching or would they be imposing a framework that may not account for all the subtle nuances of a particular country or case? As has been iterated above, I think being able to address one's own biases when conducting research would be a good step towards producing quality works of scholarship
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I am a research student and working on human behavior modeling. I am looking for dataset that follows these properties :
1. Dataset should be collected from one resident living alone in a smart home
2. If possible, the data should be already labeled or semi-labeled for activity recognition algorithms
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I'm sorry, I do not know that topic.
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I understand that external factors like smell and colour of a room can affect the mood or performance of a person. But to what level is the effect ? Is there any quantitative measure of its influence.
Has anyone did a real life testing ?
Thank you
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Actually there are studies regarding the effect of conditioning place preference (CPP) via disparate environmental ques such as texture of a room, a redolent odor (natural pheromones for instance for certain animals or artificial fragrances such as a preferred food) or temperature, etc.
The underlying neurobiological and cognitive mechanisms of place conditioning or fear conditioning are plexiform and complicated. The perception of ques (visual or olfactory stimuli for example) becomes associated with the memory of an event (fear, reward,...) and becomes consolidated if repeated or if the intensity of the stimuli is significant. The model animals or rodents for example remembers (retrieval of the episodic or associative memory mostly in the hippocampal CA1 and DG) the good (rewarding) or bad (punishing) memory, and this would affect the decision-making via the strong connection and projection between hippocampus and cortical regions (e.g. PFC).
We have done a research in which we performed CPP by reward from drug-seeking and dependency:
Study on odor-conditioned rodent models:
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I am working on modelling the social dynamics and human responses during flash floods and forecasting the socio-economic impacts of flash floods.
Could you please share any relevant scientific papers/reports or any other related resources?
Thank you.
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What is the nature of fundamental requirements for one to conceive and develop General Artificial Intelligence (AGI)?
I would think, at the core, would be a modeling of the great adaptations of the actual human itself: its body , its senses, its responsiveness-es, its abilities, AND the abilities in cognition (representation and processing) that develop progressively and over EACH stage of ontogeny (largely: ages 0 - 18 yr. old) -- and with the latter influencing not only thought, but other responsiveness-es (e.g. the emotions; in other words, then: emotional development).
Now, you can start and stay with a good understanding of the human OR you can see the human as you see it and actualize your own hypothetico-deductive systems to have it progress in all relevant behavioral abilities.
Let's say you pick the first of these options (which I think is wise). Then what you need is a basic understanding of the human: human body, human senses, human responsiveness-es, and human abilities (INCLUDING those making "qualitative leaps" in their developments, during ontogeny -- these latter making up much of the "cognitive system", which can be conceived as the most-major AND central organizing system (as Piaget did) for all significant behavior patterns). Given all this, what else is needed? :
It should be clear that ALL faculties/basic abilities and responsiveness-es AND representation-and-thought abilities (including those "higher abilities": which "emerge" , unfold and develop with ontogeny) MUST BE GROUNDED CONCRETELY, specifically: clearly related to directly observable overt phenomena (behavior patterns). ALL OF IT.
Unless so-concretely "seen" (seen as at least related to key clear overt or overt-and-developing behavior patterns), it will not be possible to "mechanize" (here: program a machine) without being one with god-like insights. In other words, there will be NO AGI WITHOUT at least a basic (TESTABLE) understanding of ALL these fundamental behavior patterns (and their concrete "anchors", BOTH THOSE patterns continuing or now presently active, AND those key behaviors-and-circumstances active _AS_ the KEY POINTS of KEY DEVELOPMENTAL HAPPENINGS -- these creating new unfolding, lasting, and expanding representations and abilities). (These latter are also understood as clearly relating to some most-important directly observable concrete phenomena (behavior patterns, with corresponding situational aspects) and thus these also being "anchors" and, by virtue of some clear significant ongoing/continuing effects, they CONTINUE to be "anchors").
Now, does this mean the AGI developer needs no good thinking of just his own? NO. Unrefined inductive understandings (guesses) may be tested. And, proximate causal-type relationships can be hypothesized between THIS behavior pattern and THAT (even using some good hypothetico-deductive system, BUT this system must AT LEAST PRINCIPLED, IN TERMS OF LIFE (BIOLOGICAL) PRINCIPLES (e.g. a basic one: homeostatis)) [(I also suggest using the terminology of classical ethology, presented as-to-be-used in my earliest long paper.)]
The great news, of course, is: AGI People can test their overall system major-aspect-tried by major-aspect-tried over and over and thus be much facilitated in making corrections.
Now, what may be your final question: Where does one find such a wholly empirically-based, concrete-based understanding of behavior patterns/responses TO BEGIN WITH. Answer: I do my best to offer such a system through my "Developing a Usable Empirically-Based Outline of Human Behavior for FULL Artificial Intelligence (and for Psychology)" PROJECT and my " Human Ethology and Development (Ethogram Theory) : A Full-Fledged Paradigm for PSYCHOLOGY" PROJECT. And, I believe, that considered for being in the most-empirical terms and the most-concrete terms, the writings associated with these Projects are the best offered today. **
Start at my Profile, Brad Jesness and then look for those 2 just-named Projects (and see all Log Entries, aka Updates under them). Also see and read:
and
and, when reading
, also see the Project Log of this Project to see many important Updates.
P.S. Plus, for a final 100 pages of recent essays (not among the 512 pages in the collection of recent essays, you already have been directed to), yet also very worthwhile essays composed after the 512 -page Collection , see them in this pdf: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/331907621_paradigmShiftFinalpdf
** FOOTNOTE: ** IMPORTANT NEWS ** : I recently presented summaries of my "system" that clearly indicate 2 types of basic and likely needed (and real) CONSTANTS: some constancy of our Memories faculties (on the more-purely endogenous "side") AND some constancy OF THE PROCESSES always involved in learning and development (most clearly and presently involving aspects of the external world), these simply based on the fact that the simple, well-defined FORMS of associative learning are intimately and always involved in all behavior pattern change (NOTE, here, that what is constant IS THE FORM, which otherwise differs enough in content to be seen (or have to be seen) as "different"). (Also NOTE: the constancies of the Memories seem also at least mostly a matter of "forms", though some clear abiding numerical limits (properly delimited) may [always] apply here and there (everywhere?) -- and, thank goodness for the latter: because we likely need somewhere always in the system some complete certainty, i.e. to some numerical degree.)
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Dear Ejembi Onah
One neither can, nor needs to, "understand how the brain works" -- just THAT it does work and THAT is shown in the behavior patterns produced in response to environmental aspects -- both (the behavior patterns and environmental aspects) continuously progressing and accruing (and, also, along with these: the Memories changing and progressing). AND, there are KEY "times" (circumstances) where the types of things (levels of concepts) possible make great leaps (during ontogeny) -- these are major achievements in terms of all the terms just mentioned and related to the emergence and development of qualitatively new ways of perceiving and then _attending_.
There is NO WAY to "understand" the brain except IN THE VERY TERMS of BEHAVIOR PATTERNS, etc. (with the great assist of development (ontogeny) -- the outline of this ontogeny described by me in detail, elsewhere in my MANY ESSAYS (800 pages) -- those essays also describing the changes in all the other things I noted, in a more integrated and detailed manner). To continue: Behavior patterns, etc. including: understanding the associated developments of the Memories (the Memories being EXPERIENCE ITSELF) AND understanding how the set of environmental aspects, as subjects of attention, allow all the aspects (associated with each and all terms, noted above) to differ and develop and accrue over child development (ontogeny). SEE: https://www.researchgate.net/post/Alternative_to_JUST_neuroscience_JUST_BEHAVIOR_Patterns for more.
As a mental exercise:
Please try to explain how other than through behavior patterns and responses that one could "understand the brain" -- it is like a bowl of jello, showing patterns of electrical activity, all related to, and only understandable (otherwise) by, behavior patterns and responses.
Dear Hang Song
Same message to you, except it seems you may have some appreciation for memory (which is actually: the Memories, and that being experience itself). Otherwise all my remarks above are relevant to you as well.
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Twitter is one of the largest publicly accessible archives of human behaviour (Auman-Bauer, 2017). I'm interested in using this data in connections to technology education. My understanding is that Twitter data is possible to use because Twitter users agree that the messages they post and the details about themselves that they share are public information when they join the site. It’s all there in the user agreement. But, even if the messages are publicly posted the users haven't agreed to be a part of a research study. My question is – What should the ethical norms of studying publicly available social media data be?
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Sandeep Mittal Thank you for your answer. I find it difficult to handle since the users haven't agreed to be a part of a research study but I understand how it can be seen as not being unethical to use the data.
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Human behaviour is very complex in nature but it does not mean that it is unpredictable. We need to understand the nature, course and direction of human behaviour and explain its structure, organization, functions and dynamics in a proper scientific orientation.
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I think that social science does not lag behind, but it has different methodologies and different ways to do research. I would even claim that a positivist approach like usually is followed in physical science is based on the effort to reduce everything to a few variables that can be controlled and that are measured. This is usually highlight successful, but is does not provide always answers to what we would like to have. A philosopher once said: biology is just such successful as it never really asks what life is, physics is so successful as it never really asks what matter is. Social science cannot reduce society to a few variables that can be measure, but it deals with something that is extremely complex....
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Education, humanity, behaviour, respect
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What? I'm sorry but I dont understand! Perdona, però si és una cosa privada val més enviar-ho per missatge privat!
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Respected teachers,
i want to submit my paper entitled "
Effects of Climate Change on Human Behavior: A People Perspective " ; i had searched allot of journals but unable to find appropriate journal. kindly i will be really thankful if someone help me. i hope my this request will be positively entertained
Thank You
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In any case, possible article processing charges and publication fees should be taken seriously into account before a manuscript submission to a journal.
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Can someone guide me towards some theories that explain the influence of spirituality on individual human behavior?
And give your views on the influence of spirituality on the reflective attitude and the influence of spirituality on moral values?
Thank you.
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Dear Karl Pfeifer,
You can find the details at the below link
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I have read that human lacks to fixed action pattern behavior. This is because humans no longer need to rely on instinct to survive. I wonder if any one disagree with that, and can provide a good example for this type of behavior in human.
Thanks in advance
Wafa
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Dear Wafa El Matoni
Humans, like other higher mammal and like animals, have fixed action patterns OR at least specie-specific action patterns or species-typical action patterns. All this is biologically LIKELY, philosophers NOT WITHSTANDING.
The notion that the "more advanced the organism, the less innate guidance" is simply an unproven assertion (AND BIOLOGICALLY UNLIKELY). Nothing like that is proven and it is more likely the opposite is true; this is bound to be true in at least in some major ways, like that which guides the inception of the qualitatively different stages of cognitive development, in ontogeny. The reason the innate patterning in our major behavior patterns have not been discovered is because we have not looked for them well. (In fact the situation is so pathetic that many do not even speak IN TERMS OF BEHAVIOR __PATTERNS__ -- which is much akin to denying we are biological !!) Part of the problem is the "West" and Western philosophers, there is a LOT of dualism (related to things, not discovered, but "defined"; then there is the groundless, unwise desire to experiment as soon as possible; and models are made up in theorists' minds when, in fact, if one was to be like a scientist (that is, a REAL EMPIRICIST) then models (and ALL noteworthy hypothetico-deductive thinking) would ONLY FOLLOW CLEAR RELIABLE, AGREED-UPON, direct observations of key behavior [patterns].
It is really quite preposterous that given the setting and time and space limitations of the lab that people think they can MAKE UP experiments there _AND_ "test" them. Hasn't worked for 100 years and will not work for another 100, if you keep it up.
I am going to help you A LOT on all this, if you will listen. My major papers describe the nature of innately guided "perceptual shifts" that occur at the inception of each qualitatively different cognitive behavior pattern (These are literally "in" new behavior patterning, no nature/nurture dualism). I have ALSO. explicated and justified my view and approach in a large number of recent essays, AND THESE ESSAY INCLUDE specific hypotheses that are completely verifiable/testable and in the most empirical terms possible (hypothesizing: the ability to directly observe key overt, tough subtle, behavior patterns at the inception of each new (more "abstract") way of thinking -- the subtle overt behavior patterns are "perceptual shifts" and will require OBSERVATION and the new eye-tracking technology, etc.
ANYWAY, HERE IS THE WAY TO NEW KNOWLEDGE and to real knowledge, CORRECTLY FOUND AND RIGHTFULLY EXPANDED ON, as appropriate:
then definitely read :
You might want to start all this reading and new learning with
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Everyone, at some point, has probably thought about the problem artificial intelligence(AI) may represent in the future when the rate of unemployment is rising at an alarming speed thanks to robots that do a much better job than any human ever did but the question is : how, when, and where will the impact of artificial intelligence hit hardest?!
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Perhaps another way to answer the question is with another question. Did electronic calculators, and subsequently computers, replace mathematicians, accountants, statisticians, and engineers? No. Just made them that much more productive.
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Dear RG members,
The term ‘human nature’ is much more than a reference to human behaviour; it actually refers to our species’ less-than-ideally-behaved, seemingly-imperfect, even ‘good and evil’-afflicted, so-called human condition—as in ‘it’s only human nature for people to be competitive, selfish and aggressive’.
Here we all are constantly searching for new thing that is unknown. There is only one flaw which can be seen as a continuous flow : "I am human and I can do anything what I want or like"
So, I would like to know how your research is going to help others or it is just useless after thesis binding?
Regards
Pankaj
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Dear Pankaj,
"How your research is going to help others?" -- you ask
In a humble way I think that my reseacr is going to help others. When I perform research, my idea is to get a better knowledge of the unknow. So, this better knowledge of the unknow can be, for example, a source of inspiration for others to continue to explore my ideas in further research and/or to apply them in the practical domain. In addition to being a source of inspiration for younger reseachers, my research may help others in the sense that what I had done does not need to be done anymore.
Kind regards.
Orlando.
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Do you think that psychology can be an explanatory aspect of the human behavior that explains the multiple behaviors of the economy?
Daniel Kahneman and American Vernon Smith were the winners of the 2002 Nobel Prize in Economics. The Swedish Academy awarded the first "for having integrated aspects of psychological research in economic science, especially in regard to human judgment and the taking of decisions in states of uncertainty. " Smith's award was given "for having established laboratory experiments as an empirical instrument of economic analysis, especially in the study of alternative market mechanisms."
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Behavioral Economics as a field received a boost when Richard Thaler got a Nobel Prize in Economics in 2017. It is really about the psychology of making economic decisions--especially bad ones. In popular articles, Thaler referred to the issue of putting off unpopular decisions like the need to increase personal savings to stave off debt or spending less on healthier foods, even when less expensive, when the benefits are well known. The "fork in the road" in terms of career development could also be a result of psychological considerations as much as it would be an attempt to maximize lifetime earnings and welfare.
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I am looking for mathematical and / or logical explanations for irrational human behavior. A good example would be prospect theory from Kahneman and Tversky, which exhibits a non-linear value function for losses and gains. Who knows similar examples?
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In any dynamic system, flow is proportional to a driving force an inversely proportional to a resistance. we can write the following general equation: :
Flow = Driving force / Resistance
In the consumer-based economy, the "consumer spending"(Flow) is introduced in my booklet as a competition between a driving force and a resistance for spending. people have a natural motivation (driving force) to spend their money to fulfill some needs like buying food, homes, furniture, and electronic devices. On the other hand, the amount of money spent is limited by our income. If we consider the income as the conductance for buying, the inverse (1/income) could then be the resistance for spending money
Consumer spending (CS) = Natural needs/ (1/income)
The effects of marketing and credit cards can be added to this formula. Based on this new definition, marketing and advertisement enhance the driving force for spending while the credit card role is to hinder the resistance due to the income. We will have :
CS = (natural needs + marketing)/ ( 1/ [income +credit card])
As a conclusion, people become impulse buyers instead of buying what they need only and according to their salary. An introduction of the booklet is available in my profile:
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In this time world is moving to the war, all nations are thinking only for their benefits, while the benefit of any nation is related to the others and all the religions give the education of peace
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Positive Communication and negotiation
Positive communication as an essential tool of building a curious attitude when communicating with others, it lets the other person know you are interested in what they are saying. this can improve human behavior due to removing miscommunications and enhancing optimistic views.
best regards
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Hello,
For a study on reducing prejudice by manipulating behavior descriptions, I'm looking for a validated set of images or behaviors that are stereotypical or counter-stereotypical for Men/Women, does anyone know of a research that used such stimulus?
To clarify, looking for ether photographs or any set of validated behaviors that I might be used to create such photographs myself.
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To put it in philosophical terms, is there a feasible world where a libertarian free human has absolute power but does not become totally corrupt?
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Yes absolute power corrupt absolutely. In most developing countries of the world, some considered to be liberators leading the campaign against colonial masters later become dictators. Why? Because they enjoyed full support of their people and see that as a reason to continue in power for so long and got intoxicated power. So your state is not an over exaggerated one.
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When creating models to predict human behavior(s) following a WMD event, which types of natural disasters would be best to use to inform those models? There are obviously more data from natural disasters to draw from rather than actual WMD events.
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Here is an interesting article about how AI can be used to improve humans behavior. Does anybody know any academic project in this regard?
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Artificial Intelligence can help scientists in the social domain to identify patterns in the behavior of societies and study the drivers behind these behaviors. In turn they can change these drivers and again use AI to identify the new patterns and discover if these changes have any impact on the behavior of these societies. In general yes the role of AI is crucial in helping many scientists in changing human behavior.
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I'm interested in both personal better/worse and societal better/worse.
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If humans focused on what was going well, they would perhaps feel more content inside, but I can't help thinking of lemmings. That's what we would be. Just happily follow that leader, right over a cliff. Or at best, content with what you have makes one stagnant.
By focusing more on what is wrong is how we improve everything, constantly.
I think it is fair to say, the only reason living conditions for mankind keep getting better, overall, is because humans are never happy with the status quo. Yes, for every improvement we soon discover we are paying a price. But then we solve those problems. In the meantime, we are living better than we were before.
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I'm also wondering how you differentiate the two concepts.
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Many of the notorious criminals are definitely intelligent. They use their intelligence to conduct crimes.
You can not expect any wisdom from such people.
So, intelligence can be used towards positive side to get wisdom and at the negative side to perform crime.
Thus, as such intelligence has no value if it is not used to get wisdom.
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Marketing is mostly related to satisfying the needs of the customer and getting feedback of customer satisfaction . Needs , wants and motives have a close relationship with behavior of the customer. While needs , wants and motives are invisible and lie deep within the person , behavior is to a great extent visible to others in the form of actions or sometimes no action . In this situation , is it advisable to capture reliable and valid data from customers through qualitative research than depend too much on quantitative techniques. Mixed method is also a option available .
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Hi A.H,
The answer to this question is that it's not a case of which paradigm (including mixed methods) is better than another. At the end of the day - the only sensible answer is - you should only choose the paradigm, methodology, framework, method/design that best suits the need of the task of what you want to achieve.
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As you may know, the human behavior in academic environment is determined by his attitude and values. the question is, are there any basic academic values? how they create and develop or change and under which conditions we can cultivate these values?
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I think admitting one's ignorance is a core academic value.
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For example, how much alcohol do you drink per week is classically underestimated by respondents for a variety of reasons. So how do we use answers to questions such as these to guide research outcomes, if at all.
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Self-report data can be accurate and valid if the inquiry is properly constructed. The first consideration is that the questions must be accurately answerable by the respondent. Value judgments (e.g., “Is your drinking a problem?”) are the poorest way to approach a topic. The issue of quantity of consumption is another problematic theme. Most individuals have variable patterns of use so that asking a typical consumption is likely to be problematic. A better strategy would be to ask for a maximum use and minimum use on a day the substance is consumed.
The second critical factor is that the questions should be as clear and concrete as possible with a focus on explicit behaviors, experiences, or symptoms. For example, asking, “Have you been physically abused?” is subject to the interpretation of what the respondent considers to be abuse. A more specific question would be “Has anyone hit you so hard or often so as to leave a mark or burse?”
Third, the wording of the questions needs to capture the true intent of the inquiry. For example, the A question on the CAGE, “Have you been annoyed by someone objecting to your drinking?” may miss the point that people maybe objecting to use, but the person does not consider it annoying. I once asked a patient if anyone had objected to his drinking, and his response was “I told you I was married” – he considered a wife objecting as normative and nothing to be annoyed a bout.
This brings us to the CAGE screen, which is one of the poorer screens. The guilt (G) question is extremely subjective and the eye-opener (E) question is really a relatively late stage event. A screen should cover prevalent early indications of a condition. A superior screen is the UNCOPE, which you can Google. The first five items of the UNCOPE map to five different criteria of the DSM-5 and the last item is an indication of self-medication.
Regarding self-report and outcomes, four self-reported demographic variables can indicate at least a 20% differential in expected outcomes. Clinical questions, such as whether the individual injected any substance or finding such as having multiple serious substance use disorders are significantly related to whether individuals with moderate to severe substance use disorders will achieve sustained remission. I can provide citations for those how desire them via evinceassessment@icloud.com.
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I am professor of Pharmacology and they invited me to:
.....We would like to invite you to submit research article in the 8th Joint International Conference organised by Institute of Research Engineers and Doctors at Paris, France. The theme for the 2018 Paris conference is to bring together innovative academics and industrial experts to a common forum. We would be delighted to have you present at this conference to hear what the technology experts and researchers have to share about the technology advancements and their impact on our daily lives.
Joint International Conference Consists of following tracks:
Track 1: International Conference in Advances in Computing, Control and Networking - ACCN 2018 Official Weblink: www.accn.theired.org <http://tracking.theired.org/tracking/click?d=6mRl6wyd-s6aZAgiUcBKA6DWCCxIc58wMi0vVVGjsKAs7XvvQhGco0avuIpP6r73QlNUnh9G3Yn69I82UGGuKbejumPJkjbzMVMYtORv1FB50>
Track 2: International Conference in Advances in Civil, Structure and Mechanical Engineering - ACSM 2018
Track 3: International Conference in Advances in Applied Sciene and Environmental Technology - ASET 2018 Official Weblink: www.aset.theired.org <http://tracking.theired.org/tracking/click?d=6mRl6wyd-s6aZAgiUcBKAz9Q-CL1X56QeDm_XAYFrrWXe9y0PF6zU0i3uQopi06BBYFbNaZszRX84ba8FwvHs2ITCdchddDxRyl3sScrj6I90>
Track 4: International Conference in Advances in Economics, Social Sciene and Human Behaviour Study - ESSHBS 2018 Official Weblink: www.esshbs.theired.org <http://tracking.theired.org/tracking/click?d=6m6JkkFA7VMZYXOhpFVEssytuWGgEJLd3a0yIVvj92YLGwtoiomaPawqbPjeYA2Hsc-j3f20Z1eM97RmRpo9iS1Sjc84IMm2SLLVXSL6eZO8fzGib5VjJLUxp8QDFE1BsQ2>
Conference City: Paris , France
Conference Date: 23 - 24 June 2018
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These may be "predatory" conferences that send spam to try to increase the number of speakers (who have to pay to participate, but only find out later). If you are reading French, this article may be of interest to you: https://theconversation.com/enquete-les-conferences-predatrices-parodies-lucratives-de-rencontres-scientifiques-86957
Unfortunately, there is not much to do. And answering them by asking them to remove you from their list has no impact whatsoever (according to my own experience). It is best to ignore such messages.
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This is real good for psychology, too -- where things also need to be clear and specified. Theory that is good for AI is simply good theory. Thus, the Project above completely "fits with" my other Project , on a human ethology (Ethogram Theory) (and the theory and hypotheses there): https://www.researchgate.net/project/Human-Ethology-and-Development-Ethogram-Theory (The theory is presented in a much more organized way in this latter Project, plus the full justification of the theory and its ramifications are made clear -- but it is a lot more to read.)
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Dear Rafal Rzepka
There is a single paper with the beginning core of the perspective and the beginning justifications (about 160 pages). This is a necessary part of what needs to be read (but is yet not the full argument and has no clear specific hypotheses -- for that see the Collected Essays).: