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Housing - Science topic

Living facilities for humans.
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Publications related to Housing (10,000)
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Article
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A large number of prefabricated components are composed of different types of houses. The on-site assembly sequence of components is also the key link of the construction organization of the project. The assembly sequence obtained by manual experience is easy to omit components and interfere with each other. According to the weight and assembly pro...
Chapter
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The aim of this chapter is to explore how local governments, nongovernmental agencies, and administrative officials in a smart city can utilise governance in order to enhance and/or sustain the city’s attractiveness to existing and potential future denizens and enterprises. The chapter discusses how city branding and the adoption of an attraction-o...
Chapter
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The aim of this chapter is to explore how smart homes can be improved in the future and how smart city housing can be ensured in the future while mitigating the problem of overcrowding and subsequently, the risk of further pandemic spread. This chapter starts by looking at the historical and cultural contexts that have shaped and formed housing in...
Article
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Background: PCL-5 is a self-report measure consisting of 20 items that are used to assess the symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) according to the DSM-5. Objective: This study evaluated the factor structure of the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) in people with serious mental illness. Method: The...
Article
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The two hitherto unknown references to Rembrandt were found by the computer in the settlement of the estate of master carpenter Jacob Wesselsz Wiltingh, who died in 1661. In the account of the management of the estate drawn up by the notary Gillis Borsselaer (active in Amsterdam 1636-1675) the expenses and income from the years 1661-1665 are listed...
Article
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We consider the problem of deploying a quantum network on an existing fiber infrastructure, where quantum repeaters and end nodes can only be housed at specific locations. We propose a method based on integer linear programming (ILP) to place the minimal number of repeaters on such an existing network topology, such that requirements on end-to-end...
Article
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Objectives Overcrowded housing is a sociodemographic variable associated with increased infection and mortality rates from communicable diseases. It is not well understood if this association exists for COVID-19. Our objective was hence to determine the association between household overcrowding and risk of mortality from COVID-19, and this was don...
Article
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Jaén is one of the most important cities in the northern highlands of Peru due to its strategic location, commerce, and agricultural activities. Jaén has more than 185 thousand inhabitants, of which 48% live in rural areas, representing approximately 31 thousand rural housing. This research aims to determine the types of rural housing in Jaén, show...
Article
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Cement is the foremost constituent in concrete serves as a binder. The production of cement releases huge amount of green house emissions. In this regards alternative materials to cement are developed and effectively used in concrete. However, there are certain limitations are there to use these alternative materials in concrete. To overcome these...
Article
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Supporting shelter self-recovery is a modality of humanitarian aid which remains ill-defined and misunderstood despite the many aid organizations that utilize this approach. Of the little existing knowledge and best practices regarding self-recovery support methods, most has been developed for natural disaster contexts, and not post-conflict. Post-...
Article
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Background The improper disposal of unused drugs can harm the environment and living beings. Programs such as drug take-back bins encourage people to dispose of unused medication at designated locations have increased. Unfortunately, awareness and participation is low, especially in ethnically and culturally diverse communities. The purpose of this...
Article
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Talent workers are becoming a critical factor in the urbanization of China. Government programs encourage the attraction of these skilled and university educated workers by providing subsidized housing. Talent workers are responding to these incentives, yet many are not settling in the urban communities that woo them. This micro-scale case study of...
Article
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Here, we present a protocol that allows comparison of the effects of the standard home cage, environmentally enriched home cage with additional super-enrichment, and the exercise (running wheels only) home cage in laboratory mice. We first describe the steps to assemble these three types of cages, respectively. We then detail the assembly of super-...
Article
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Many disciplines are facing a “reproducibility crisis”, which has precipitated much discussion about how to improve research integrity, reproducibility, and transparency. A unified effort across all sectors, levels, and stages of the research ecosystem is needed to coordinate goals and reforms that focus on open and transparent research practices....
Article
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The population of the world had reached more than seven billion in the twenty-first century, which demands the construction of buildings and houses in bulk amounts. Hence, concrete production materials may deplete or experience declination. Hence, the use of sustainable alternative materials in concrete is required as full or partial to some compon...
Article
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The first statewide wildland-urban interface (WUI) maps were created for Alaska in 2000 and 2010. • Alaska experienced expanding WUI area and rapid housing growth within WUI from 2000 to 2010. • Housing density was the dominant contributor to WUI change. • As the distance from WUI increased, both human and lightning ignition density decreased but t...
Article
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Strain gauge type pressure sensors are widely used in different branches of industry to measure pressure from very low to very high (1400 Mpa) values. This article investigates a strain gauge type pressure sensor that uses silicon oil within its housing to transmit working pressure from the external environment to a sensing plate. An important fail...
Article
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Background Studies examining associations of socio-eco-demographic characteristics with physical activity (PA) participation of older adults have produced inconsistent results. Perceived PA barriers may be a possible explanation for the mixed findings. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the correlation of socio-eco-demographic (SED...
Article
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Objective The aim is to describe and reflect upon potentially pandemic-related impact on self-assessments of active ageing. As part of the baseline data collection in the Prospective RELOC-AGE (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04765696) study, telephone interviews, including the University of Jyvaskyla Active Aging Scale (UJACAS) were conducted with 820 peopl...
Article
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For decades, researchers, knowledge brokers and policymakers have been working to increase the use of evidence in policymaking. This has spanned a wide range of approaches, from developments in evidence generation, to efforts to increase demand amongst decision-makers, and everything in between. Policymakers are central in this process, and we have...
Article
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Book review of “The Pedagogy of the Oppressed” by Paulo Freire.
Article
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While European cities were long argued to have moderate levels of socio-spatial inequality, recent years have seen a growing assertion that such inequalities are on the rise. Structural shifts on labor and housing markets since the financial crisis suggest that this trend has further intensified since 2008, but empirical evidence has so far been sc...
Article
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This paper presents a multi-objective method of analysing the energy efficiency associated with upper class houses in Gated Communities in Arid Zones. The application of building energy regulations has an impact on improving energy efficiency. Energy codes identify the effective techniques that could help in achieving energy efficiency on the build...
Article
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A comprehensive 3D heating test simulation model of a Li-ion cylindrical cell and module considering gas flow and combustion was developed. The model was based on the equivalent circuit model and included cell heating (Joule heating and thermal decomposition) gas ejection and flow from the cell, and gas combustion. First, the surface temperature an...
Article
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The residential sector of Pakistan is a prime consumer of energy. With the fossil fuel-dependent energy generation setup and an increasing energy supply-demand gap, Pakistan is headed towards an energy fiasco. Therefore, drastic measures are required to enhance the energy efficiency of residential buildings in Pakistan. The current study is aimed t...
Conference Paper
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This paper explores the suitability of mass customisation (MC) technologies and techniques in order to provide affordable housing solutions for Saudi Arabia. In particular, the paper analyses ten articles filtered through 1.165 publications searched by using the keywords ‘mass customisation housing or off-site construction’ in the databases Scopus,...
Conference Paper
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Background: The timing of MRI ordering and completion has been used as a marker of timely diagnosis and treatment. While the reasons behind delays are likely multifactorial, a growing body of evidence is emerging suggesting a link between socioeconomic status and untimely care. While insurance status is a reasonable marker for socioeconomic status,...
Article
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In the mass appraisal of properties, Machine Learning (ML) algorithms have produced effective and promising results. Analysts use various algorithms to train their models with limited data and make appraisals on large data sets. However, research into which value determinants the models take into account when appraising values is insufficient. This...
Article
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Automatic monitoring tools can be useful for assessing the health and welfare status of animals. Specifically, a computer-vision-based tracking tool could be helpful to remotely and automatically monitoring the behaviour of individual animals. However, animals housed in partly covered pens present a particular challenge for animal tracking due to t...
Article
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This paper examines U.S. residential consumer willingness to pay for location efficiency, a normative advancement of new urbanism. Drawing on a national sample of multi-family housing data joined to measures of urban form and spatial structure, empirical models suggest three contributions to the literature. First, renters are willing to pay for gre...
Article
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Personality traits are robust predictors of the likelihood of involvement in criminal behaviour, but how such traits predict behaviour while committing a crime is unclear. This study investigates associations between HEXACO personality traits and burglars' scouting process, as well as how burglars differ in this respect from non-offenders due to th...
Article
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A price-based program through a time of use tariff (TOU) program is one of the initiatives to offer sufficient benefit for both consumers and generations sides. However, without any strategy for implementing optimal load management, a new tariff design structure will lead to the miss perception by electricity consumers. Therefore, this study offers...
Article
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Access to public greenspaces is assumed to influence peoples’ body weight. However, causal evidence on this topic is limited, especially in developing countries. Using natural experiment approach, this study assessed 1) to what extent peoples’ body mass index (BMI) changed following a greenway intervention, and 2) potential gender disparities in bo...
Article
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Previous heat-related environmental justice studies have mainly concentrated on heat exposure, with few studies focusing on other aspects of heat-related health risks. However, increasing anthropogenic heat emissions (AHEs) and social disparities in the distribution of public resources due to rapid urbanization can exacerbate social inequalities in...
Article
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In evolutionary biology, speciation is often perceived as a gradual evolutionary process spanning thousands of generations; however, the emergence of the London Underground mosquito (Culex pipiens molestus) from the common house mosquito (Culex pipiens) illustrates a recent, observable speciation event. Via allopatric speciation, the mosquito popul...
Technical Report
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The suitable time of Geranium Cultivation in northern Indian plains is November to June-July. Transplanting can be done from November to February and 1 or 2 harvesting may be taken. 20 kg oil/ha can be produced by having single harvest whereas about 40 kg/ha oil can be produced by having double harvest. Net profit of about 2 Lakh/ha from single har...
Article
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This paper describes the nature of the relationship between fashion and architecture, the most logicalrelationship is that both provide shelter for people of different social dimensions, however, when it comes to theinteractions of fashion and architecture, this relationship goes back to the Ice Age, which goes back to the first human useof the sam...
Article
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al‐Tikha is a mid to large Umm an‐Nar (c. 2700–2000 BC) settlement situated near Rustaq at the back of the Southern Batinah coastal plain in the Sultanate of Oman that was discovered (or rediscovered) in 2014. The site is unique because its layout and spatial organisation are very largely (possibly completely) visible on the surface. This includes...
Article
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Most of the Software industries are demonstrating absorption in Software Process Improvement (SPI) in Small and Medium Enterprises. In the modern world, software development and improvement is an important area that permits organizations to develop applications in house. Traditionally, waterfall system is used to administer software development. Th...
Article
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PURPOSE The purpose of this research is to estimate the renovation potential of a city’s building stock and evaluate the environmental impact reduction and greenhouse gas emission reduction realized by clustered renovation. These reductions are compared to the climate goals for 2050 by the city of Leuven, i.e., 81% reduction in CO2-eq. compared to...
Article
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This paper addresses two issues in spatial research on residential PV adoption: First, spatial analyses typically do not differentiate between households who have decision power over their rooftop, and households who do not, possibly causing indistinct results. Second, household characteristics like environmental attitudes and innovativeness are no...
Article
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The poverty due to the absence of access to elementary goods/services is economical or consumption-focused. It clarifies poverty in material terms and explicitly utilises consumption-based classifications to clarify the degree and profundity of poverty and set up who is poor or not. Hence, the poor are imagined as the people or families in a specif...
Article
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The real-estate business is considered one of the significant contributors to the economy of Bangladesh. However, the sudden occurrence of the COVID-19 pandemic exacerbates the housing business and the owners have been struggling to sell their apartment units. The instability of the income pattern of the customers and dwindling competitions among t...
Article
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Political leaders tend to apologize for wrongdoings. This study focuses on a disaster that occurred on July 2018 in east Attica, Greece, where wildfires destroyed houses and left dozens of people dead. Two pilot studies and one main study were conducted testing perceptions of apology as sincere, perceived trust, positive emotional climate and parti...
Article
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An indoor radon study was carried out in carefully chosen houses in the city of Garmat Ali. The cutting approach evaluated the density of alpha radiation emitted by the gas and its offspring using the CR39 nuclear route detector. In the bedroom and living room of each house, the dosimeters were fixed at head height. The houses with food pantries we...
Article
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Resumen En la historia de la vivienda de la provincia de San Juan resultó un momento clave el sismo de 1944 que destruyó casi completamente su parque ha-bitacional. En este escenario influyó el poder des-tructivo del movimiento telúrico que se combinó con las condiciones de vida y la precariedad cons-tructiva de las viviendas sanjuaninas existentes...
Article
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Education plays an instrumental role in the economic development and income generation of any nation. It has the ability to increase productivity in many ways, including by enabling workers to perform existing tasks more quickly, by facilitating the transfer of knowledge about new information, products, and technologies, and by enhancing the abilit...
Conference Paper
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House is one of the basic needs of human beings next to food and clothing. It plays a vital role in determining the social and economic status of population. Therefore, this paper examined development of household amenities in Parner tahsil of Ahmednagar district with the help of composite score of total selected20 indicators. Secondary data obtain...
Article
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The extensive research on financialisation of housing and lively public and political debate on its negative implications for housing affordability have translated into surprisingly modest and fragmented policy responses. This reflects the power imbalance between the winners and losers from financialisation, but also the challenges inherent in tami...
Article
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Governments around the world have been facing the challenges of regulating the ever-increasing prevalence of ridesharing platforms, leading to a proliferation of academic and policy debates about the social value of such platforms. However, the overall social value is still unclear because when analyzing the net benefit provided by ridesharing plat...
Article
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The purpose of the present paper is to analyze Halide Edib Adi- var’ s The Clown and His Daughter (1935) and George Eliot’s The Mill on the Floss (1860) in the light of Mary Wollstonecraft’ s A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792). Although the authors of both novels come from different cultures and backgrounds, they have depicted a common the...
Conference Paper
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In this research, the smart home and management system use D.C batteries as their source of power. When the battery is fully charged, it can work for 2 to 3 days before it runs low. When you power the system, the title of the research is displayed on the LCD, and the maximum temperature is displayed. It will also show you that nobody is inside t...
Article
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Onychomycosis is one of the most common foot conditions. Mixed onychomycosis and onychomycosis caused by non-dermatophyte moulds are increasing in incidence, especially in vulnerable populations, hence the importance of this study, which presents the prevalence of onychomycosis in a population of homeless people, comparing the findings with a sampl...
Article
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This article studies the Ikoyi reservation in Lagos, Nigeria to assess changing relationships between the colonial state, urban space, and race between 1935 and 1955. Colonial authorities established reservations as special zones to house colonial officials and other white Westerners. The article shows that the Ikoyi reservation was a significant l...
Article
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The infliction of domestic violence on females can be assessed as the most common phenomena in the nineteenth century. The hazard is especially big for females that are financially reliant on and confined. Investigation of the components which uphold circumstances of violence has commonly centered independently on the coping stereo types females, d...
Research
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Private investor purchases of homes has been subject of increasing popular and academic interest. In this piece, we seek to understand not only the degree to which this activity is present in metropolitan housing markets, but also what kinds of neighborhoods within cities (Philadelphia, Richmond and Jacksonville) we see this activity concentrated....
Article
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Many retrofit projects went wrong in the UK principally because of the application of inappropriate retrofit solutions, which resulted in damp issues, with some leaving houses in worse conditions than pre-retrofit. Various online tools were developed to inform homeowners about the benefits of retrofitting. Prior to this study, little was known abou...
Preprint
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The present study proposes a novel method of trend detection and visualization - more specifically, modeling the change in a topic over time. Where current models used for the identification and visualization of trends only convey the popularity of a singular word based on stochastic counting of usage, the approach in the present study illustrates...
Article
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This study analyzes household energy insecurity in the United States during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Previous research is limited by mostly cross-sectional research designs that do not allow scholars to study the persistency of this specific type of material hardship. We fill this gap by analyzing data from an original, nationally-r...
Article
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The intended output of this paper is both the edition and the analysis of medical and magical texts whose hand-copies were published by Figulla seventy years ago in Ur Excavation Texts vol. IV.1 This volume of the series UET includes mainly Neo-, and Late Babylonian administrative tablets excavated by L. Woolley during two seasons (1930-1931 and 19...
Article
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This article arises from a collaboration between an art historian and a curator in forming an exhibition of work by artist Sally Madge, drawn from a long-accumulated collection of artworks and related materials existing in her basement studio, thereafter housed in a storage container on the outskirts of Newcastle upon Tyne in the North of England....
Article
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The study explores the collective settings of Hallenwohnen (hall dwelling) as a section of the Zollhaus settlement, which is the follow-up project by the Kalkbreite housing cooperative, functioning since January 2021 in Zurich, Switzerland. Hallenwohnen is the first legal hall cohousing arrangement in Switzerland. The private and semiprivate spaces...
Article
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The study investigated the effect of residential house rent on urban household poverty status in Ethiopia with evidence from Wolkite town. By using structured questionnaires, primary data was collected from 248 household heads living in rental housing. In addition, a key-informant interview was conducted with the town municipality offices for trian...
Technical Report
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AG CONNECT JUNI 2022 43 AG CONNECT JUNI 2022: AG CONNECT JUNI 2022 43 AG CONNECT JUNI 2022 : Dutch article about legal rules and models translated into digital twins of the environment questioning the ( legalistic) text oriented steering model of objects in the spatial domain. The pressing demands on Space given NO, CO2, housing and environmental r...