Science topic

Horticulture - Science topic

Horticulture is the industry and science of plant cultivation including the process of preparing soil for the planting of seeds, tubers, or cuttings. Horticulturists work and conduct research in the disciplines of plant propagation and cultivation, crop production, plant breeding and genetic engineering, plant biochemistry, and plant physiology.
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Publications related to Horticulture (10,000)
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Poster
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Welcome to the "XIII International Conference on Grapevine Breeding, Genetics and Management" (GBG2023) which will be held from 21 to 24 August 2023, under the aegis of the International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS). This conference is a continuation of the ISHS series of International Conferences on Grapevine Breeding and Genetics, aft...
Article
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In year-round horticultural fruit production, proper management of the leaf area index (LAI) is important to improve fruit yields. This study investigated the optimal LAI (LAI opt) of an eggplant canopy based on the daily incoming solar radiation (ΣS out) and the carbon balance of the lowermost leaves. A simple analytical LAI opt model was develope...
Article
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The optimization of resources and time in the production of quality seedlings within a legal framework is of vital importance forgreenhouse vegetable crops. This study evaluated the electrical conductivity of the nutrient solution and its effect on the survival and growth of bell pepper and tomato seedlings propagated by cuttings. The electrical co...
Book
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Poverty is an enigma for the academic, regulators, policy makers in general. In today’s world, poverty is a matter of timely concern for policy makers to address. This book explores rural and urban poor focusing upon a range of viewpoints to assess the 'bottom billion' people in the world, living in micro-urban clusters or rural hinterland can impr...
Conference Paper
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Potatoes are one of the horticultural commodities that can be the national alternative food needs, but price is a problem faced by potato farmers. In this study, the researcher tries to evaluate and find the solution to this problem by observing farmer partnership. The purposes of these studies were to analyze: (1) whether there were differences in...
Article
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Background Cutworms ( Agrotis spp.) are cosmopolitan and polyphagous pests distributed throughout world, which belong to the family Noctuidae, and about 26 species are found associated with agriculturally important crops in India and some other countries of world. The most prominent species belonging to genera Agrotis are Agrotis ipsilon , A. flamm...
Article
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Carotenoids are isoprenoid metabolites synthesized de novo in all photosynthetic organisms. Carotenoids are essential for plants with diverse functions in photosynthesis, photoprotection, pigmentation, phytohormone synthesis, and signaling. They are also critically important for humans as precursors of vitamin A synthesis and as dietary antioxidant...
Technical Report
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Study of market for treated roundwood in the horticultural and agricultural sectors in New Zealand
Article
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The pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) Punicaceae family is the earliest and most significant outgrowth crop of arid and semi-arid environments all over the world. Pollination is the one phenomenon, which influences fruit set in many horticulture crops. From the several studies, pomegranate is found to have all three types of pollination modes (Self,...
Article
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An experiment, "Effect of sowing time and spacing on growth, yield and quality of winter squash (Cucurbita maxima D.) cv. Arka Suryamukhi under South Gujarat condition" was conducted during winter 2020-2021 and 2021-2022 at Vegetable Research Farm, RHRS, ASPEE College of Horticulture and Forestry, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari, Gujarat,...
Chapter
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The deviation from the normal behaviour of the plant is term as disorder, which is occurred in plants due to deficiency or excessive of plant nutrients or environmental conditions essentially required by plant for its normal growth and development. There are several biotic factors that are responsible for physiological disorder of horticultural cro...
Article
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Composting is considered as a promising method to reduce solid-waste and promote urban agriculture and horticulture. In this study, potential use of compost obtained from roadside soils and municipal solid waste as source of fertilizer for crop production was evaluated. Eight combinations i.e., control, Mineral Fertilizer (MF), Farm Manure (FM), Co...
Chapter
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Plant propagation is deals with multiplication or reproduction of plants. In nature, plants multiplicities it shelf by naturally mean to perpetuate themselves. In modern horticulture trade the commercialization of crops needs to develop the different advance techniques and way of plant propagation. Each propagation technique has its own quality. Te...
Article
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A field experiment was conducted to determine bio -efficacy of bio-pesticides against mealybug, Ferrisia virgata on Balanagar variety of custard apple at Horticulture Research Farm, College of Horticulture, AAU, Anand. The result revealed that minimum mealybug population was recorded in treatment of Lecanicillium lecanii 1% oil which was at par...
Article
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Fertilization is an increasingly common practice in horticulture. Nevertheless, the conventionally used fertilization method is ineffective, and it generates contamination problems due to excess nutrients. Therefore, new technologies, such as nanofertilization or controlled-release systems of fertilizers, are currently being tested. Thus, the main...
Article
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To understand the impact of various climatic factors on the occurrence and abundance of hoppers infesting mango, a study was carried out at Horticulture Farm, B. A. College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand during the year 2021-22. The incidence of mango hopper started gradually increased from 40 th to 45 th SMW corresponding to...
Article
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Temperate broadleaf forests in eastern North America are diverse ecosystems whose vegetation composition has shifted over the last several millennia in response to climatic and human drivers. Yet, detailed records of long-term changes in vegetation composition and diversity in response to known periods of human activity, particularly multiple disti...
Article
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Bauhinia monandra Kurz has ornamental characteristics as the shape of its crown and the exuberance of its flowering, being and is widely cultivated in urban afforestation in Brazilian regions. The production of forest seedlings is essential not only to meet the demand of urban afforestation, but also to conserve forests. However, studies on B. mona...
Article
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Article information Article history:This experiment was carried out in the shade of the green network of the Department of Horticulture and Landscape, College of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Mosul, for the period from Apr. 11, 2019 to Sept. 30, 2019, with the aim of producing corm and cormlets in the summer of three varieties of Gladiolu...
Article
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This study aims to analyze the exchange rate of farmers and the factors that influence it in West Java province in 2008 – 2020. The variables studied were land area, rice productivity, fertilizer cost and seed cost. The research method used is the study of literature by examining secondary data published nationally and regionally from various valid...
Article
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In the present investigation horticultural performances of field grown somaclones and gamma irradiated strawberry were studied. The somaclones performed better with regard to vegetative and reproductive characters while axillary buds irradiated with lower dose of gamma rays (10 and 30 Gy) were more vigorous in terms of number of leaves and petiole...
Article
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The thermal conductivity of the soil is important to determine the horticultural performance of growing medium. Microclimatic features influence the viability of soil mixtures for vegetation. The goal of this study is to assess the heat conductivity of soil mixture samples comprising Coir, Biochar, Sawdust, Wood bark, and Compost in order to discov...
Article
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Whiteflies are one of the most devastating horticultural pests attacking tomatoes. Although there are several control methods for the control of whitefly pests, the integrated application of entomopathogenic fungi (IPM) with chemical and botanical insecticides has proven more effective than individual control agents. This study was carried out to e...
Article
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Effects of date of transplanting, row spacing and their orientation on the pheno-thermal response of Chrysanthemum. In order to study the effect of heat, photothermal and heliothermal units on the phenology of Chrysanthemum, an experiment was conducted during 2019-2020 on Solan Shringar cultivar of Chrysanthemum at experimental farm of Department o...
Article
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The present investigation entitled “Studies on vegetative, reproductive and biochemical parameters of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) cultivars” was conducted at Horticutural Research Centre (HRC)of the Department of Horticulture, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology,Meerut-250110, during 2015-2016. The experiment was la...
Article
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No cabe duda la importancia que tiene la producción primaria y la manufactura de origen agropecuaria en la economía de la Argentina y la relevancia que va adquiriendo progresivamente el sector lácteo dado el impulso exportador creciente, que posibilita el desarrollo de nuevas cuencas lecheras para el mercado interno, el fortalecimiento de las econo...
Article
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Climate change already challenges people's livelihood globally and it also affects plant health. Rising temperatures facilitate the introduction and establishment of unwanted organisms, including arthropods, pathogens, and weeds (hereafter collectively called pests). For example, a single, unusually warm winter under temperate climatic conditions m...
Article
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Horticultural products display fast senescence after harvest at ambient temperatures, resulting in decreased quality and shorter shelf life. As a gaseous signal molecule, nitric oxide (NO) has an important physiological effect on plants. Specifically, in the area of NO and its regulation of postharvest senescence, tremendous progress has been made....
Article
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Kenya and some other African countries are threatened by a serious pest Thaumatotibia leucotreta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), the false codling moth. The detection of T. leucotreta is quite difficult due to the cryptic nature of the larvae during transportation and is therefore a concern for Australia. This insect is a known pest of agricu...
Article
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An experiment to investigate "growth and flowering of chrysanthemum in hydroponics" was conducted at Assam Agricultural University, Department of Horticulture. The experiment was laid out factorial completely randomized design with three replications. In this Experiment chrysanthemum plants were grown in seven different growing media combinations v...
Article
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Background The impact of climate change on horticultural production is of utmost concern worldwide. One such vulnerable region of horticultural importance is the Madhya Pradesh state in the central part of India. It is crucial to analyse the long-term trend in climatic variations and its effect on horticultural crop production. Therefore, this stud...
Article
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India has the world’s second-largest production of fruit and vegetables. In India, a variety of agro-climate zones with unique seasons allow for the cultivation of a diverse range of vegetables. From this study, it was attempted to estimate the production of vegetables in the upcoming year through means of ordinary least squares (OLS) method and AR...
Article
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The production of high-quality seedlings is important to achieve better productivity in horticulture. Despite being well developed in conventional agriculture, there are few studies on aquaponic systems. The substrate choice in this integrated culture affects plant and economic feasibility. This study verified the effects of using Euterpe oleracea...
Article
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An experiment was carried out during October 2021 to April 2022 in naturally ventilated polyhouse, in Completely Randomized Design (CRD) having five different Adenium hybrids with four replications at Department of Horticulture, SHUATS, Prayagraj (Uttar Pradesh). Different Adenium hybrids used in this experiment were Ara Dok Dok, Mammoth, Snp, Kud...
Article
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Cowpea, in addition to being a food and feed crop, plays a key role in sustainable farming. The present study’s goal is to develop new high-yielding cowpea varieties. A Field experiment was carried out across 3 summer seasons and the breeding program included 28 distinct cowpea varieties, out of which five potential parents were selected for this i...
Thesis
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Bachelorarbeit über die Wirksamkeit des Tonminerals Kaolin als Mittel zur Vergrämung von Drosophila suzukii Matsumura auf Sauerkirschen an einem Standort in Brandenburg 2021. Bachelor thesis in German on the oviposition behavior of Drosophila suzukii Matsumura when presented with the inert mineral Kaolin on tart cherries in Brandenburg, Germany.
Chapter
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Jammu & Kashmir is an agri-horticulture state where a large population is economically dependent on agriculture and horticulture, directly or indirectly, for livelihood security. Rice, the staple food of the majority population, is cultivated in diverse agro-ecological situations 146 extending from the subtropical area (<1000 m amsl) of Jammu, thro...
Article
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The purpose of this research was examining the effects of fish ponds establishment of Ardal County in Chaharmahal Bakhtiary province.Population of the study consisted of 171 fish farming units. By Using Cochran formula, 75 units were selected assample size with random sampling research method. Data were collected through a questionnaire, which its...
Article
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Micro-irrigation techniques are most efficient in improving water use efficiency by reducing water loss through evaporation from the soil, transpiration from the plant, surface runoff, and maintaining soil moisture. Micro irrigation refers to as frequent application of small quantities of water directly above or below the soil surface. The saving o...
Article
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Water spinach (Ipomoea reptans Poir) is one of the horticultural crops known for its very easy cultivation and fast harvest cycle and high nutritional value. This plant can be produced or cultivated hydroponically using NFT (Nutrient Film Technique) and DFT (Deep Flow Technique) systems. Cultivation of plants in the NFT system uses a sloping circui...
Article
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The present experiment was carried out during August, 2021 to January, 2022 in Research Field, Department of Horticulture, SHUATS, Prayagraj. The experiment was conducted in Completely Randomized Block Design (CRBD), with nine treatments, replicated thrice, with an aim to identify the most suitable variety under the agro climatic conditions of Pray...
Conference Paper
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The Mitchell Park Horticultural Conservatory consists in part, of three conoid structures, referred to as “The Domes”. Each dome is 26 m tall and has a 43 m base diameter. The main structure for each dome is a precast concrete frame, supporting an aluminum framed wire glass cladding and a steel framed apex. The precast concrete frame is a series of...
Article
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The study was conducted to identify the problems faced by Farmers producer companies working in Vegetable production, processing and value addition. Three successful companies working in vegetable and food processing industries were selected through purposive sampling. An Ex-Post Facto research design was used. A semi-structured interview schedule...
Conference Paper
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Quality of horticultural crops is directly related to the management practices, cultivar, and climate of the area. Mango is mainly grown in tropical and subtropical regions of the world where high temperature reduces fruit set, increases fruit drop, and causes sunburn at different stages of fruit development in sufaid Chaunsa. Moreover, fruits expo...
Chapter
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The Indian economy is mostly rural and agriculture ± based. The supply and demand profile of food has changed due to higher economic growth, population explosion (currently 1.36 billion) in India and shifts in dietary pattern, it has created a wide gap between the food supply and population growth. The shrinking size of land holdings (from 2.28 ha...
Experiment Findings
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A field experiment was conducted at the Instruction Horticultural farm under Rajmohini Devi College of Agriculture and Research Station, Ambikapur, Sarguja, (C.G.) During the year 2021-22 with a view to study the "Effect of rootstock age and growing conditions on success of softwood grafting in mango (Mangifera indica L.)". The mango variety mallik...
Article
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A first investigation on the horticultural flora of the Annaba region (North-East Algeria): Biodiversity and socio-ecological interest. — The present study was undertaken with the aim of improving knowledge and proposing a first checklist of horticultural plants present in public and private green spaces in the region of Annaba (northeastern Algeri...
Conference Paper
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Malnutrition has become one of the major problems, all over the world inflicting diet related non-communicable diseases. India has the largest number of malnourished children in the world and one third of all the stunted children globally. As per the Global Hunger Index (2021), India ranks 101st out of 116 countries and the trend are quite alarming...
Book
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This issue has 13 articles covering a variety of topics, including the use of remote sensing in plant disease diagnosis; single-use plastics, and the problems associated with their prohibition in India. The issue also addresses Regenerative Agriculture, a subject that has recently drawn a lot of interest from producers, retailers, researchers, and...
Article
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A Chinese solar greenhouse (CSG) is used as a horticultural facility that provides high efficiency thermal storage performance to produce vegetables in winter. Quantifying the thermal performance of the surrounding structure including the back roof, soil, and north wall is helpful to improve the thermal performance of the CSG. The objectives of thi...
Article
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Waterlogging is one of the most serious abiotic stressors affecting Chrysanthemum morifolium during its lifespan. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the waterlogging tolerance of chrysanthemum remain unclear. In this study, we discovered that the transcriptional coactivator MULTIPROTEIN BRIDGING FACTOR 1c (CmMBF1c) was significantly induc...
Technical Report
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Rhizosphere security has become a prerequisite to sustain the production by exploiting the microbiome profile of acid lime, and fortifying with microbes via rhizosphere hybridization is one effective way of deciphering the interaction between plants and microbes. The lost photosynthates from plants through root exudates creates a novel environment...
Article
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Cluster analysis was used to segment horticulture clientele using data from a needs assessment. Gardeners were segmented into two groups based on their horticulture practices. These groups were described using several factors including age and time spent maintaining different garden areas. Results from this study indicate the importance of consider...
Article
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This research is a case study on seed production at UPT Pengembangan Benih Hortikultura Jawa Timur, in Pasuruan City. The research objectives are to know the application of production management functions and to analyze financial feasibility related to production costs, Break Even Point (BEP), R/C ratio and Payback Period (PP) in longan seed farmin...
Article
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Since their introduction in Europe, pumpkins ( Cucurbita maxima Duch.) have rapidly dispersed throughout the world. This is mainly because of their wide genetic diversity and Plasticity to thrive in a wide range of geographical regions across the world, their high nutritional value and suitability to integrate with local cuisines, and their long sh...
Article
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Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) is a major horticultural crop and a model species among eudicots, especially for traits related to reproductive development. Although considerable progress has been made since the tomato genome sequence project was completed, most of the genes identified remain predictions with an unknown or hypothetical function. T...
Article
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Soil-borne Oomycetes are important pathogens of nursery plants, agricultural and horticultural crops, and woody plants in natural ecosystems. They are most damaging when plants are overwatered or growing in poorly drained sites. Poor growth could result from root infection, root damage resulting from the anoxic conditions which develop in saturated...
Article
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To study the impact of using organic manure on growth and yield of two hybrids of eggplant, A field experiment during 2010 and 2011seasons was carried out in the vegetable field of Horticulture Department, College of Agriculture, Abu-Ghraib. Randomized Complete Block Design in split plot used, The main plot included two hybrids (Barcelona and Black...
Article
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Conservation organizations with common missions can find strength and synergy in collaboration. Collaboration can also be challenging, especially finding the right partnerships or organizations to lead. Within the “ecosystem” of conservation organizations, botanical gardens have a unique array of resources and expertise which make them ideal candid...
Article
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A study was conducted to document the innovative models that were operated by formal and informal organizations to help the farmers/sellers to market their horticultural produces during lock down period 1 of COVID 19 Pandemic, especially in and around Bengaluru City, Karnataka, India. This paper discusses in brief about 10 such models selected usin...
Article
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The Panchaetothripinae comprises 42 genera and 146 species of leaf-feeding thrips, some of which are horticultural pests. We examined representatives of the 18 genera that include most of these pests. For species delimitation, we used DNA barcoding to produce171 sequences for 40 morphospecies. Most species were found to be monophyletic, although cr...
Article
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Managing longleaf pine ecosystems requires mimicking natural processes such as fire regimes, and balancing sometimes competing management actions (Katherine Kirkman and Jack 2017, Figure 1). Landscape-scale fire was historically a major driver of both the ecosystem services and the species composition of natural communities in longleaf pine ecosyst...
Preprint
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8102-8102 ‫بمياه‬ ‫تاثيرالسقي‬ ‫لدراسة‬ ‫االسماك‬ ‫احواض‬ ‫صرف‬ (‫الزينة‬ ‫اسماك‬ ، ‫الكارب‬ ‫اسماك‬) ‫المائية‬ ‫االعشاب‬ ‫صرف‬ ‫ومياه‬ ‫البحري‬ ‫والمستخلص‬ (Acadian) ‫السلق‬ ‫نبات‬ ‫على‬ ‫اضافات‬ ‫بدون‬ ‫اي‬ ‫القياس‬ ‫معاملة‬ ‫عن‬ ‫فضال‬ ‫محلي‬ ‫صنف‬ ، ‫المعا‬ ‫رشت‬ ‫تاريخ‬ ‫من‬ ‫ابتداءا‬ ‫رشات‬ ‫ست‬ ‫على‬ ‫مالت‬ 01 / 0 / 8102 ‫ولغاية‬ 82 / 8 / 81...
Chapter
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In India, the field of protected cultivation is still evolving. Methods of more efficient input application and protection technology are being devised. Low-cost protected technology like plastic low tunnels or walk in tunnels can be used for off-season vegetable cultivation for getting high returns. Similarly, insect-proof net houses can be used o...
Article
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The horticulture sector in northern Australia, covering north of Western Australia (WA), Northern Territory (NT), and north Queensland (QLD), contributes $1.6 billion/year to the Australian economy by supplying diverse food commodities to meet domestic and international demand. To date, the Australian Government has funded several studies on develo...
Article
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Apples (Malus domestica) are one of the most important temperate fruit crops in the world. Apple production provides, directly or indirectly, employment and improvement in the living standards to millions of people, playing a key role in rural economies. We have conducted an interview-based survey to assess the current status and challenges faced b...