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Chapter
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This chapter picks up from chapter one on the tension between ‘old’ Eurocentric and nationalistic verses ‘new’ global(ist)–multiculturalist historiography from World War Two down to the present, with emphasis on the problem of the continuing conflation and alleged supremacy of ‘Western’ and ‘White Civilization’ within Western and World History narr...
Preprint
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Scientific revolution has been one of the most controversial topics in the history and philosophy of science. Yet it has been no consensus on what is the best unit of analysis in the historiography of scientific revolutions. Nor is there a consensus on what best explains the nature of scientific revolutions. This chapter provides a critical examina...
Article
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Adaptive reuse of heritage buildings is a viable option for giving them a second life because it is less expensive and energy efficient. However, to think of preserving a building without thinking about reviving its ambiances would be to preserve the envelope without the soul. Through the acoustic environment analysis, this research was conducted t...
Article
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Plesiosaurians evolved four wing-like flippers that are morphologically very similar to each other and were most likely used in underwater flight. Plesiosaurians have been the subject of a long research history as well as a long history of misidentifications and misinterpretations, especially transposition of parts of or entire fore- and hind flipp...
Article
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En este artículo se analiza la presencia de los museos pedagógicos en los congresos de la ISCHE celebrados de 2014 a 2021 así como en el SWG dedicado a Objects, Senses and the Material World of Schooling. Entre los resultados destaca la escasa la participa ción institucional de los museos pedagógicos en ISCHE. Además, hay sólo siete artículos que e...
Article
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Previous studies have documented a historically strong and negative association between countries’ life expectancy (i.e., average longevity) and length-of-life inequality (i.e., variability in ages at death). The relationship between both variables might be partially explained by life expectancy increasing at a faster pace than maximal length of li...
Article
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In this paper, we deal with the historical origins of Fermi–Dirac statistics, focusing on the contribution by Enrico Fermi of 1926. We argue that this statistics, as opposed to that of Bose–Einstein, has been somewhat overlooked in the usual accounts of the old quantum theory. Our main objective is to offer a critical analysis of Fermi’s seminal pa...
Article
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As an emerging interdisciplinary field in anthropology, enterprise anthropology (EA) has experienced five historical stages of development since its inception in the 1930s. 2008 marked the first year of internationalized enterprise anthropology, thus prompting the “fourth revolution” of anthropology. Since then, the sub-discipline of enterprise ant...
Article
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In 2019, sociologist Manuel Castells categorically stated that liberal democracy has exhausted its historical trajectory and, quoting some verses by Octavio Paz, expressed: “Not what it could have been:/it is what it was./And what it was is dead.” In this paper, we will reflect on this diagnosis based on five interrelated questions. To what extent...
Article
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We used survival analysis to model user disengagement in three distinct questions-and-answering communities in this work. We used the complete historical data from domains including Politics, Data Science, and Computer Science from Stack Exchange communities from their inception until May 2021, including information about all users who were members...
Article
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Background Non-painful diagnostic procedures require an inactive state for a prolonged time, so that sedation is often needed in younger children to perform the procedures. Our standard of care in this setting consists of the association between oral midazolam (0.5 mg/kg) and intranasal dexmedetomidine (4 mcg/kg). One of the limits of this approach...
Article
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After a short introduction on the historical context, the paper deals with the existence of the solution of Parker’s ideal body problem, namely the body of minimum constant density generating a given external potential. A crucial element of the proof is the use of a recently introduced topological space of closed sets, closed and compact with the d...
Article
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In this paper, we assess the role of investment in research and development (R&D) and economic policy uncertainty (EPU) in Sri Lanka’s economic growth experience. We do this by first determining which endogenous growth theories best explain the evolution of total factor productivity (TFP) in the country. Using historical time series data (1980–2018...
Article
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Social media has become a common platform for global communication across the world due to its rapid dissemination of information among a large audience. Its popularity has raised a crucial challenge to capture the social data provenance of a piece of information published on social media. Social data provenance describes the source and deriving pr...
Book
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https://www.apa.org/pubs/books/pathological-lying ______________________________ This book analyzes the science behind pathological lying, and offers important lessons for research and clinical practice. Curtis and Hart expertly synthesize and unify historical and contemporary writings and research on pathological lying, into a functional and cohe...
Article
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The purpose of the present paper is to give first notes on the yet-undiscovered qǝltu-dialects spoken in the towns of Ṣīnīya, Bēǧi, and Širqāṭ near Tikrīt. With the exception of the very few notes on the dialect of Bēǧi in Jastrow (1994, 1989, 1983), these dialects have so far remained unnoticed in the literature. It is therefore the objective of t...
Technical Report
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This report concerns itself with the review of various features of the Space Debris problem as whole i.e. the economic features, the political and historical background and the legal framework ad policy based features. In addition to this the report also focuses on the technical aspects of the problem by briefly comparing and analyzing various Spac...
Article
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[https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1fIC%7E_KykxhTs4] Building operations are the last steps to achieve global carbon neutrality, especially commercial building operations with high emission abatement potential. Taking China and the United States (U.S.) as cases, this study is the first to illustrate a stepwise decarbonization potential to carbon neutr...
Book
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This book charts the process of civilisation in Japan. Using the theory of civilising processes developed by Norbert Elias, the author examines the complex underlying structural and psychological processes from the seventh century to the twentieth century. Furthermore, by drawing on rich historical data, the author illustrates how these complex pro...
Article
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In recent years, urban planners and designers are paying greater attention to Outdoor Thermal Comfort (OTC) studies due to the imminent threat of the Urban Heat Island and climate change on human health. Historically, indoor thermal comfort research assumed steady-state conditions, centralizing on the concept of thermal neutrality to determine opti...
Article
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This paper contributes to process-oriented international business research by showing how three distinct historical approaches can enrich theoretical understanding concerning temporality in firm de-internationalization. First, we show how comparative historical analysis unleashes the causal structure of the process and provides explanatory understa...
Article
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An expansive empirical literature estimates the causal effects of policies governing young women’s confidential and legal access to contraception and abortion. I present a new review of changes in the historical policy environment in the USA that serve as the foundation of this literature. I consult primary sources, including annotated statutes, ju...
Article
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[https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1fFfx15eif4SbN] Building operations will be the most critical step in completing the "last mile" of global carbon neutrality. To seek the best practical path to decarbonize commercial building operations, this study assesses the decarboniza-tion progress of commercial building operations in 16 countries over the last...
Article
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This review analyzes the learning reported in social science classroom interventions in primary and secondary school education over the last ten years. Thirty-three studies found in a scoping review were analyzed. They were analyzed using the two main perspectives of social sciences teaching and learning: each discipline individually (History, Geog...
Article
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The term Rāfīḍa was widely used in the first centuries. This title was applied to identify Shiite groups in the first century and became widespread in the second and third centuries. There have been various and sometimes contradictory views about this term. The main meaning of this term has evolved over time and other meanings have been added to it...
Article
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This article argues against the notion that Hygelac is characterized negatively in Beowulf. It reassesses the historical and legendary traditions concerning his final raid and contends that the Beowulf poet represented Hygelac not as a foolish or arrogant king, but as an admirable figure imbued with a sense of tragic grandeur.
Article
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I will argue for three points. The first is on the need to make Chinese philosophy a world philosophy. The second point is that, in order to promote Chinese philosophy as a world philosophy we should not historicize philosophy. Philosophy and history are two different disciplines. As important as historical context is, overemphasizing it or even ta...
Article
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In merger enforcement, entry is considered to be a factor that potentially can mitigate otherwise anti-competitive effects of a merger. The current framework for entry analysis evaluates whether potential entrants are likely to have the incentives and ability to enter the industry under the conditions of elevated profitability that are created by a...
Article
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This article develops a theoretical model about the trajectories and transitions of thought from a perspective of semiotic cultural psychology. An integration between the inner speech theory, concept formation, and dialogical self theory was done to explore the particularity of thought transitions. It is concluded that the thought transits in a ver...
Article
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Research conducted in the twentieth century found urban Catholic schools in the U.S. had a legacy of providing high quality educational opportunities for low-income students and students of color. In an era of declining Catholic school enrollments, urban Catholic school advocates have argued that urban Catholic school closures would deny these stud...
Article
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Based on the results of a study of the porous carbonate rocks in the Jinping area conducted from 2004 to 2019, we developed a research algorithm to analyze polarized images of these rocks and compared the porosity magnification of these polarized images. We obtained the current karst development rate by combining the historical karst development ra...
Article
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Plain Language Summary Continuous and consistent information about the evolution of climate in next 1–40 years is crucial for the development of mitigation and adaptation strategies. Historically, scientific products providing weather and climate information have been designed for specific time scales, for example, seasonal or decadal climate predi...
Chapter
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Migration is as old as the beginning of humankind. Archaeological and anthropological records or discoveries on prehistoric humans from different parts of the world have indicated that, migration began with the movement of the Homo erectus from Africa to Eurasia some 1.75 million years ago. Though this phenomenon cuts across old and young people in...
Article
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A brief illustrated article published by the Consortium of Universities for Research in Earthquake Engineering (CUREE) reviewing the history of earthquake engineering in terms of selected highlights.
Article
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Este artigo contribui para o debate sobre interações socioes-tatais nas políticas públicas, com foco na assistência social em São Paulo. Argumentamos que o legado histórico não é suficiente para compreensão das dinâmicas atuais. Empiricamente, verificamos a coconstrução de capacidades estatais de regulação e provisão dessa política por meio de anál...
Article
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This article is an intertextual study of Sophocles's Antigone and Femi Osofisan's Tegonni: An African Antigone. The article critically interrogates the ideological stance of both playwrights by discussing their historical backgrounds. The prevalence of and justification for intertextual studies and adaptations of classical plays by modern African p...
Preprint
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This research explores the effect of horses on the state through their impact on historical battle. The empirical investigation utilizes multiple data sets spanning several millennia and multiple sources of variation in the adoption of horse-riding on the battle field. Exploiting exogenous variation in geographical diffusion of horse-riding technol...
Article
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A brief illustrated description of a dozen significant historic earthquakes in the United States
Article
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ملخص: تحاول هذه الدراسة تتبع التراكمات السياسية التاريخية المساهمة في بلورة النزاع السياسي حول الصحراء المغربية، بالانطلاق من مخلفات الاستعمار الاسباني، ومن مجمل ردود الفعل السياسية المحلية والإقليمية والدولية المصاحبة لنهاية الظاهرة الاستعمارية بمنطقتي الساقية الحمراء وواد الذهب، ومن أهم أسباب تشبث إسبانية بالصحراء كجزء من سيادتها. كما تبحث هذه ال...
Article
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Considering the rapidly increasing number of academic papers, searching for and citing appropriate references has become a nontrivial task during manuscript composition. Recommending a handful of candidate papers to a working draft could ease the burden of the authors. Conventional approaches to citation recommendation generally consider recommendi...
Preprint
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There are some sensitive facts that we would rather shun - or talk about in whispers - as we seek to counter the global challenges and build everlasting global prosperity, peace, unity and integration. No longer. A problem solving meeting dubbed The Catania Peace Convention scheduled to start at 9.00 a.m. and end at 9.30 p.m. commences on time, but...
Thesis
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This thesis examines the period when Norway was industrialized using new historical GDP data from 1816 to 1939. Different historians through their research give different periods for when an industrial breakthrough took place. This has led to historians being divided into two different schools of thought for industrialization. Therefore, some histo...
Preprint
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When the historical data are limited, the conditional probabilities associated with the nodes of Bayesian networks are uncertain and can be empirically estimated. Second order estimation methods provide a framework for both estimating the probabilities and quantifying the uncertainty in these estimates. We refer to these cases as uncer tain or seco...
Article
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The research aims to demonstrate the impact of applying this measurement in improving the transparency of financial reporting and its application in Iraqi companies. A high level of transparency in the financial statements has been shown. It has been concluded that the level of transparency of the financial statements when choosing the fair value m...
Article
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The need to study non-personal forms of the verb in the Turkic languages is determined by the role they play in the sentence both independently and in combination with other forms and auxiliary verbs, expressing various kinds of temporal and modal shades of action. Comparative study of certain structural elements and grammatical categories in the c...
Preprint
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While we cannot deny the exponential growth of Pentecostalism around the world, and its robust contribution to our overall understanding of the nature and power of the Holy Spirit, the theological and biblical roots of discipleship in light of the Pentecostal tradition need to be further explored. Beginning with the work of the Holy Spirit in the p...
Preprint
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Sequential recommendation models are primarily optimized to distinguish positive samples from negative ones during training in which negative sampling serves as an essential component in learning the evolving user preferences through historical records. Except for randomly sampling negative samples from a uniformly distributed subset, many delicate...
Book
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This publication contains interdisciplinary guidelines addressed to all players involved in the examination of the seismic safety, as well as the planning and realization of seismic safety interventions on historical monuments. An ideal interdisciplinary process that addresses this problematic in the framework of building projects is presented to S...
Article
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This article (in Norwegian) is about the individual language shift from Nynorsk to Bokmål in writing, with the former municipality of Fjell outside Bergen as a case study. In Fjell, as many as 42% of the pupils who have had Nynorsk as their main written language have shifted to Bokmål before the end of lower secondary school. Based on demographic a...
Research
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The main question this paper answer is: To what extent is Obama’s Afghan policy a departure from or an extension of his predecessor’s legacy regarding Afghanistan? To answer the question, the paper is divided into three main sections: The first section presents a brief historical background of the US policy towards Afghanistan, starting with the So...
Preprint
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Historically, testing whether decision-makers (DM) obey certain axioms from choice data has taken two rather distinct approaches. The functional approach involves observing the entire demand function and putting restrictions on it; the revealed preference approach involves constructing algebraic inequalities which are used to test finite data. Usin...
Article
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This essay examines the nature and socio-cultural value of games as historical representations that bridge the temporal gap between the past and the present. Through a close examination of Detention (Fan xiao返校, 2017) and Devotion (Huan yuan還願, 2019), the two Taiwanese horror games produced by Red Candle Games. I argue that games as historical repr...
Article
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We investigate what distinguishes social entrepreneurial ecosystems (SEEs) from entrepreneurial ecosystems (EEs), through appreciation of the importance of context-the multiplex of intertwined social, spatial, temporal, historical, cultural, and political influences. Community is incorporated as a key variable and hitherto overlooked dimension of t...
Article
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Net primary production (NPP) measurements in the open‐ocean Gulf of Mexico are scarce and mostly limited to satellite‐derived surface estimates. Profiling floats can obtain depth‐resolved chlorophyll (Chl) and backscattering (bbp) data for NPP estimates, but historical float data in this region lacked field calibrations. We adjusted the float data...
Research
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In this challenging time, the world has faced different problems where health care has taken the majority of the lives of people. Due to certain symptoms, people fear the worst, which leads them to take up wrong medication without any doctor consultation. To overcome this situation, it is important to predict disease at an initial stage. So the mos...
Article
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Lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) was historically abundant in Lake of the Woods, Canada/USA, and was the first species to be commercially harvested from that waterbody commencing in 1888. The number of pound nets used annually was documented from 1888 to 1910 and used as a surrogate for effort in a surplus-production model using a Bayesian appr...
Article
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The intervention in social work is carried out using a specific methodology based on specialized literature. The first step in the assisting process is the initial assessment , which involves the identification of a set of elements (identity of the person/bene-ficiary, their personal history, the environment of their origin, the problems they face,...
Article
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Historically, scholarship of and about Mā’ohi Nui (French Polynesia) has been conducted using western methods, methodologies, and frameworks which has, to a large extent, resulted in inaccurate and degrading representations of the people and the islands. In accordance with the empowering trends of Critical Pacific Studies, this article proposes a n...
Article
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Two major historical shifts changed twentieth-century Jewry; in the 1940s, the Holocaust destructed six million Jews and shifted world Jewry's center to the United States, and then the modern state of Israel was founded in 1948. The question is whether we are now part of the fourth paradigm shift in Judaism, moving from a religious identification t...
Article
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Could imperial rule affect state institutions at the national, regional, and local level differently? No systematic theory to answer this question exists, which is surprising given the importance that is attributed to foreign rule for political-administrative organization around the world. The effectiveness of imperial rule may differ along the adm...
Preprint
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We introduce Cohort Comfort Models, a new framework for predicting how new occupants would perceive their thermal environment. Cohort Comfort Models leverage historical data collected from a sample population, who have some underlying preference similarity, to predict thermal preference responses of new occupants. Our framework is capable of exploi...
Preprint
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In this memorie de fin d'etudes, we review some techniques to estimate historical volatility and to price Variance Swaps
Article
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Este artículo ofrece un panorama general de la obra de Lawrence Stenhouse cuando se cumplen cuarenta años de su muerte. El texto identifica la dimensión filosófica, disciplinar, pedagógica e investigadora que se hallan en el corazón de su modelo de desarrollo profesional y curricular, y después las analiza en las diferentes secciones. Sin perder de...
Preprint
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In this paper, we describe two approaches to model the behavior of stock prices. The first approach considers the underlying probability distribution of day-to-day price differences. The second approach models the movement of the price as a stochastic birth-death process. We demonstrated the two approaches using historical opening prices of Apple i...
Article
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In this conceptual paper, we discuss the evolutionary root causes of institutional complexity, defined as inherently incompatible prescriptions when different sources of institutions intersect at the same space and time. We suggest that societies are not delineated by clear-cut boundaries, but dynamically evolve along multiple co-existing levels of...
Article
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Multicultural Approach For Inspiration and not just conceptually give equality rights of learners to get a chance in any field, but it is also important to explain to students how Islam maintains good relationships with followers outside the Islamic tradition of the Prophet Muhammad ever some centuries ago. Islamic Studies multicultural approach sh...
Article
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Russian nephrology, like most clinical disciplines, has passed through two stages in its historical development: at the first stage, it became isolated as an important area of scientific research within the framework of the Soviet clinic of internal diseases, at the second stage it became an independent scientific and educational clinical disciplin...
Preprint
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Multicultural Approach For Inspiration and not just conceptually give equality rights of learners to get a chance in any field, but it is also important to explain to students how Islam maintains good relationships with followers outside the Islamic tradition of the Prophet Muhammad ever some centuries ago. Islamic Studies multicultural approach sh...
Article
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This study examines a prevalent discourse on Taiwanese politeness as part and parcel of identity and ideological work among Taiwanese residing in China. Using as data spontaneous discussions about politeness in interviews and online forum posts that evaluate politeness, this study explores how politeness is taken up as a sign to index Taiwan–China...
Chapter
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The purpose of this essay is to detail precisely how (historically) and why (philosophically) crucifixion art became an aesthetically appropriate form of piety. The thesis of this chapter is that crucifixion art serves a didactic function both theologically (to inspire belief in and imitation of Christ’s self-sacrifice) and doxologically (to inspir...
Article
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Different didactic perspectives are outlined and argued in relation to superfood (historical, chemical, physical, geographical, nutritional, legal). Superfoods are critically appreciated.
Article
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While physics has a rather ahistoric teaching tradition, it is common to include at least anecdotal reference to historical events and actors. These brief remarks on the history are typically distorted. I take issue with the textbook narrative of the historical development of early quantum theory and rectify some of the more severe misrepresentatio...
Article
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The paper presents the results of an empirical study in which students (N=41) made digital stories in history classes in two different age groups. The aims of using digital storytelling in history classes were, on the one hand, to find and use relevant written and visual sources, and on the other hand, to create a personal connection to a historica...
Article
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This review of literature article looks at the background and historical development of blended learning as a concept. Using research questions-based systematic review of literature approach, it critically evaluates different definitions of blended learning proposed by different researchers, and examines how they evolved over the years. Based on th...
Article
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The volatility of the VIX Index has at times caused the impression that it is less than reliable as an indicator of risk. VIX futures and the volatility surface provide clearer information about the market perception of risk and should be used in conjunction with the VIX Index. The different movements of the VIX Index, VIX futures and of the volati...
Article
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In France, as in other European countries, the age at first cohabiting union has risen over the past decades, as a result of longer school enrolment, structural economic changes, and new family norms. While the median age at first co-resident couple was 23.8 for men born in France in the beginning of the 1950s, it was 26.0 among the generation born...
Book
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This book is a printed dissertation. It is studying al-fina along the streets. It shows that our cities and buildings need to change the common method of identifying the spaces as indoor and outdoor spaces. The study shows that there is a third space which can be called the in-between space. This space is a link between indoor and outdoor, it trans...