Science topic

Historical Linguistics - Science topic

Historical linguistics (also called diachronic linguistics) is the study of language change.
Filters
All publications are displayed by default. Use this filter to view only publications with full-texts.
Publications related to Historical Linguistics (3,403)
Sorted by most recent
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The regions of Oceania have long been an interesting place of study for academics. Fiji, which is positioned at the center of the Oceanic world, has been in a unique position and intrigued researchers from all fields. Although there is a substantial amount of literature that has been and continues to be done, there are not many cross-disciplinary c...
Article
Full-text available
The article focuses on contemporary trends in contrastive studies. As a point of departure the nature, history and evolution of contrastive linguistics are examined. Contrastive linguistics is viewed in relation to other disciplines such as comparative linguistics, comparative historical linguistics, linguistic typology, theory of translation, and...
Presentation
Full-text available
The question whether main vs. subordinate clauses behave differently in the face of language change has been a concern of historical linguistics for quite some time now (Givón 1979, Hock 1991, Frajzyngier 1996, Bybee 2002). Despite this wealth of research, the fact that different languages have been approached from varying angles and, more importan...
Preprint
Full-text available
The following article considers a new theory for resolving the longstanding problem of identifying the geographic and temporal origin of Indo-Europeans. All existing theories provided thus far for the origin of Indo-Europeans suffer from one common error: the approaches presuppose an economic deterministic model for understanding historical transfo...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation given at the 25th International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Oxford, 1-5 August 2022
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In recent decades much of the research on Basque historical linguistics has focused on reconstructing specific features of the proto-language, mostly within the fields of phonology and morphology (Hualde 1997; Manterola 2009; Lakarra 2011; Martínez-Areta (ed.) 2013; Igartua 2015; Aldai 2020). As a result of this trend, the reconstruction of some ar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Constructions have long been argued to hold a central role in accounts of language (Fillmore, Kay, and O’connor 1988; Goldberg 1995), and construction-based approaches to historical linguistics are well established (Bardal et al. 2015; Hilpert 2013; Bardal et al. 2012). However, identifying constructions automatically in corpora can be methodologic...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive linguistic study of image-schemas can aid the study of socio-historical linguistics. The paper studies the polysemy of the verb 'to come' in three related Indic languages: Hindi, Bangla and Maithili. The image-schema representation of the different senses of one of the most common verbs provides an interesting insight about the degree of...
Article
Full-text available
This study seeks to reconstruct the form of the reflective particle in the Protocreole of the Gulf of Guinea (PGG) based on data from its daughter languages Santome (ST), Angolar (AN), Lung’Ie (LI), and Fa d’Ambô (FA). Thus, the reflexive mechanisms of the daughter languages were compared by identifying convergent and divergent features. Then, the...
Book
Full-text available
A Frequency Dictionary of Old English Prose is a list of Old English words arranged according to their frequency, covering the whole York-Toronto-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Old English Prose (Taylor et al. 2003), i.e. an electronic collection of all prose texts written in Old English. The dictionary includes all the words which occur at least 25 tim...
Article
Full-text available
I discuss the methodology and conclusiveness of the corpus-based historical linguistics and analyze two formal models predicting the language-internal variation in Early Old Russian syntax. Linguistic models claiming a rigid distribution of grammatical features like ± overt realization of agreement markers activate hidden corpus characteristics suc...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we present the first quantitative study of what we call multiple unconditioned reflexes (MUR) in Bantu, more specifically of Proto-Bantu velar stops *k and *g in the West-Coastal Bantu (WCB) branch of the Bantu language family. MUR, also known as “doubles reflexes” in Bantu studies, represent a situation where one and the same prot...
Thesis
Full-text available
This dissertation presents a critique of the discourse of death that permeates all-things |xam, one of the Khoesan languages once spoken across southern Africa. To this end, the dissertation firstly presents a study in intellectual history, analysing how the discourse of death was both created and sustained in and through Bushman studies, specifica...
Preprint
Full-text available
Robbeets et al. ¹ argue that the dispersal of the so-called “Transeurasian” languages, a highly disputed language superfamily comprising the Turkic, Mongolian, Tungusic, Koreanic, and Japonic language families, was driven by Neolithic farmers in the West Liao River region of China. They adduce evidence from linguistics, archaeology, and genetics to...
Article
Full-text available
Whether it is based on philological data or on reconstruction, historical linguistics formulates etymological hypotheses that entail changes both in form and in meaning. Semantic change can be understood as a change in “patterns of lexification”, i. e., correspondences between forms and senses. Thus a polysemous word, which once lexified senses s1–...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
The Journal of Sistan and Baluchistan Studies (JSBS) is a multidisciplinary, worldwide, open-access, and peer-reviewed journal. This journal is devoted to South-Eastern Iran with a specific focus on archaeological, historical, linguistics, ethnoarchaeological, and heritage conservation in all areas with a Sistan and Baluchistan legacy, especially a...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper introduces the use of a historical dictionary as a linguistic resource. This dictionary, the Dictionary of Canadianisms on Historical Principles, Second Edition (Dollinger and Fee 2017) affords a new real-time perspective on the Canadian vocabulary. As it is based on an empirical, cross-variational perspective , it instills a comparative...
Thesis
Full-text available
This dissertation is the first research in the “Codex Cumanicus” and the content of its vocabulary that was assumed recording at the end of the XIII century and in the middle of the XIV century at the latest. The Cuman dictionary of “Codex Cumanicus” is systematically researched from the linguistic aspect firstly in the dissertation. The lexical u...
Presentation
Full-text available
This talk presents preliminary historical linguistic observations on lexical data related to pottery (e.g., bowls, cups, jars, to mold (clay), etc.) among languages of Mainland Southeast Asia. The primary data comes from both modern languages and reconstructions of Austroasiatic, Tai, Sinitic, Malayo-Chamic, and Indic (and secondarily, Tibeto-Burma...
Article
Full-text available
This paper refines the subgroupings of the Timor-Alor-Pantar (TAP) family of Papuan languages, using a systematic Bayesian phylogenetics study. While recent work indicates that the TAP family comprises a Timor (T) branch and an Alor-Pantar (AP) branch (Holton et al., 2012; Schapper et al., 2017), the internal structure of the AP branch has proven t...
Preprint
Full-text available
The "Language Phylogeny Poster" (LangPP) project (Family Trees of Languages) is a series of three educational posters based on recent work in historical linguistics - the study of the evolution of languages - using, among others, the same phylogenetic methods commonly applied in the life sciences (population genetics, Bayesian inference, etc.). The...
Article
Full-text available
Indefinites display a great functional variety and they give rise to different pragmatic effects. We focus on free choice indefinites and in particular on the Italian qualsiasi. Our aim is to reconstruct the grammaticalization path of this item and understand how diachronic data might shed some light on existing semantic theories of free choice. We...
Article
Full-text available
Lexedata is a collection of tools to support the editing process of comparative lexical data. Wordlists are a comparatively easily collected type of language documentation that is nonetheless quite data-rich and useful for the systematic comparison of languages (List et al., 2021). They are an important resource in comparative and historical lingui...
Article
Full-text available
In this mini review, we present an overview of existing research in French sign language (LSF)/French translation studies in France. The practice of LSF/French interpreting is ancient, since traces of it can be found in the High Middle Ages, but its professionalization is more recent (it dates from the Deaf Revival of 1975–1995). The profession of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Computational approaches in historical linguistics have been increasingly applied during the past decade and many new methods that implement parts of the traditional comparative method have been proposed. Despite these increased efforts, there are not many easy-to-use and fast approaches for the task of phonological reconstruction. Here we present...
Article
Full-text available
A central question in behavioral and social sciences is understanding to what extent cultural traits are inherited from previous generations, transmitted from adjacent populations or produced in response to changes in socioeconomic and ecological conditions. As quantitative diachronic databases recording the evolution of cultural artifacts over man...
Article
Full-text available
According to Oronzo Parlangeli's point of view, southern Salento varieties continued the regional Latin spoken in the area since they were not reached by two important innovations characterizing the south-central part of Italy: the metaphonic raising of mid-high vowels (/e/→[i], /o/→[u]) and, successively, the metaphonic diphthongization of mid-low...
Article
Full-text available
Is conceptual engineering feasible? Answering that question requires a theory of semantic change, which is sometimes thought elusive. Fortunately, much is known about semantic change as it occurs in the wild. While usage is chaotic and complex, changes in a word’s use can produce changes in its meaning. There are several under-appreciated empirical...
Article
Full-text available
Nepal currently speaks languages from a variety of language families. Ethnic groups represent language families. The country's linguistic families include Indo-European, Sino-Tibetan, Austro-Asiatic, and Dravidian. Political, social, and literary perspectives are frequently employed to comprehend language and speakers. This article analyzes seconda...
Preprint
Full-text available
South Asia is home to a plethora of languages, many of which severely lack access to new language technologies. This linguistic diversity also results in a research environment conducive to the study of comparative, contact, and historical linguistics -- fields which necessitate the gathering of extensive data from many languages. We claim that dat...
Poster
Full-text available
COLE TCH, SIEBERT-COLE E (2022) FAMILY TREE of LANGUAGES, PART III: African, Dravidian, Uralic, Caucasian, Afro-Asiatic • a selection of languages and language families • hypothetical tree from phylolinguistic analyses (see References below; adapted) • updated regularly as new data become available • branch lengths deliberate, not expressing actual...
Presentation
Full-text available
This is a talk given to Friday Forum at the University of Wisconsin (Center for Southeast Asian Studies & the Department of Anthropology) on March 11, 2022. ANNOUNCEMENT: https://seasia.wisc.edu/event/friday-forum-mark-alves/ VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kMcVK4pDvpE&list=PLljDPQLuUJQv4uL9_CEeabcHdjR6nuxOR&index=1&t=3037s
Book
Full-text available
This book will provide a synchronic and diachronic analysis of the Xiang dialect group. The synchronic analysis will cover contemporary grammar across localities within the Xiang speaking area by using the methods and theories of comparative and typological linguistics. The diachronic analysis will reconstruct earlier grammatical systems based main...
Article
Full-text available
We use the persistent homology method of topological data analysis and dimensional analysis techniques to study data of syntactic structures of world languages. We analyze relations between syntactic parameters in terms of dimensionality, of hierarchical clustering structures, and of non-trivial loops. We show there are relations that hold across l...
Article
Full-text available
In contrast to scholars and signers in the nineteenth century, William Stokoe conceived of American Sign Language (ASL) as a unique linguistic tradition with roots in nineteenth-century langue des signes française, a conception that is apparent in his earliest scholarship on ASL. Stokoe thus contributed to the theoretical foundations upon which the...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter describes a new application of the Dynamic Model of contact by Edgar W. Schneider to the medieval contact situation between Anglo-Norman and Middle English, which lasted from 1066 until ca. 1500. Specifically, the emergence of an insular variety of Old French called Anglo-French, as well as the transfer of linguistic features from Fren...
Preprint
Full-text available
A Comparative Grammar of the Dravidian or South-Indian Family of Languages (abbreviated here as CGD) and A Dravidian Etymological Dictionary (abbreviated as DED) used to inspire me whenever I try to write something about Tamil on comparative and historical foundation. They are not comparable as they belong to two genres of historical and comparativ...
Preprint
Full-text available
This Chapter discusses the grammatical evolution of lexical items denoting body part terms into grammatical markers denoting various grammatical notions in Fulfulde. Historical linguists propose that most, if not all grammatical markers, originate from lexical terms of various categories. Studies in historical linguistics show that body part terms...
Article
Full-text available
Leech’s corpus-based comparison of English modal verbs from 1961 to 1992 showed the steep decline of all modal verbs together, which he ascribed to continuing changes towards a more equal and less authority-driven society. This study inspired many diachronic and synchronic studies, mostly on English modal verbs and largely assuming the correlation...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the characteristics of the indigenous linguistic landscape and the features of traditional visual language under the conceptual framework of Geo-semiotics, which has been generally overlooked in the literature. As a case study of the indigenous linguistic landscape situated in ancient waterfront towns of China, the ethnograp...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we offer a historical account of the development of two phonemic 'interior' vowels, [ə] and [ɤ], and heterosyllabic vowel sequences in Ngwi, a virtually undescribed West-Coastal Bantu language spoken in the western part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. While interior vowels phonologized due to the loss of their conditioning...
Article
Full-text available
Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o remarked almost forty years ago that “[l]anguage carries culture, and culture carries, particularly through orature and literature, the entire body of values by which we come to perceive ourselves and our place in the world [...] at their entire relationship to nature and to other beings” (1986 [1992], 16). Although his comment or...
Presentation
Full-text available
Geolinguistics is regarded as a domain of historical linguistics studying language changes by drawing linguistic maps. In the course of a geolinguistic analysis, we often refer to extralinguistic factors such as written historical documents of a given region or society. However, we rarely find reliable written materials regarding languages and inha...
Article
Full-text available
Cina Benteng in Tangerang called as Cina Benteng, the native of Tangerang. The name Benteng is closely related to the early history of Chinese migration. Cina Benteng in Tangerang, namely living in forts and growing crops as farmers or fishermen. Brown skin, slanted eyes, and keep an ash table, is a glimpse of the portrait of Cina Benteng. Regardin...
Article
Full-text available
The following lines are inspired by John Kupchik’s seminal article ‘Austronesian Lights the Way’ that appears in this volume of JEAL . It demonstrated beyond any reasonable doubt for the first time that there are reliable Austronesian loanwords in Japonic that reveal quite ancient and profound contacts, because without these profound contacts the b...
Article
Full-text available
This article focuses on the introduction of the Georgian-Turkish Reader that was compiled in Georgia in the 18th century for teaching students Turkish and looks at how it explains Turkish pronunciation and words in Georgian. We also examined Georgian sources referring to this manuscript using comparative and historical linguistics and compared our...
Article
Full-text available
Sinhala is an Indo-Aryan Language which is full of the historical documents to study its history. Though, it is an Indo-Aryana language, Sinhala Language is contacted with different languages such as Tamil. This feature can be illustrated from the phonemic system of the language. The main purpose of this research is to study the historical sources...
Preprint
Full-text available
This chapter describes a new application of the Dynamic Model of contact by Edgar W. Schneider to the medieval contact situation between Anglo-Norman and Middle English, which lasted from 1066 until ca. 1500. Specifically, the emergence of an insular variety of Old French called Anglo-French, as well as the transfer of linguistic features from Fren...
Article
Full-text available
Aim of the study Botanicals used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) are a rich source for drug discovery and provide models for multi-component drug development. To facilitate the studies of the actions of TCM drugs and expand their applications, a comprehensive database is urgently required. Methods One online resource connects all the relevan...
Article
Full-text available
Using Phylogenetic Algebraic Geometry, we analyze computationally the phylogenetic tree of subfamilies of the Indo-European language family, using data of syntactic structures. The two main sources of syntactic data are the SSWL database and Longobardi's recent data of syntactic parameters. We compute phylogenetic invariants and likelihood function...
Article
Full-text available
Alignments, i.e., position-wise comparisons of two or more strings or ordered lists are of utmost practical importance in computational biology and a host of other fields, including historical linguistics and emerging areas of research in the Digital Humanities. The problem is well-known to be computationally hard as soon as the number of input str...
Article
Full-text available
Rice is one of the most culturally valued and widely grown crops in the world today, and extensive research over the past decade has clarified much of the narrative of its domestication and early spread across East and South Asia. However, the timing and routes of its dispersal into West Asia and Europe, through which rice eventually became an impo...
Thesis
Full-text available
The present work deals with the variation in the linearisation of German infinitival complements from a diachronic perspective. Based on the observation that in present-day German the position of infinitival complements is restricted by properties of the matrix verb (Haider, 2010, Wurmbrand, 2001), whereas this appears much more liberal in older st...
Article
Full-text available
Corpus Linguistics has proved of great value as a methodological tool in shedding light on how discourse is constructed in different text types. This opening contribution to the special issue "Corpus-linguistic perspectives on textual variation" provides an account of some of the most common applications of Corpus Linguistics, describes some of the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
What do doum palms, dhows and speckled green snakes have in common, in addition to being characteristic features of East African coastal life? The short answer is that they are all linked by etymology: a particular set of names for them in Swahili and neighbouring languages have a shared origin. As I've argued in recent articles, the Anglo-Indian w...
Book
Full-text available
Die vorliegende Arbeit ist eine Beschreibung des Nominalsystems im Uspenskij Sbornik (UspSb), einer russisch-kirchenslavischen Sammelhandschrift aus dem 12.-13. Jahrhundert. Es handelt sich dabei um den ältesten erhaltenen ostslavischen Sammelband, der neben Werken der Übersetzungsliteratur auch Werke ostslavischer Herkunft, das Skazanie von Boris...
Article
Full-text available
The ending of the genitive plural in Proto- Indo-European has been a problem in Indo- European historical linguistics for a long time, due to some languages pointing to the short *-om (e.g. Latin -um) and others to the long *-ōm (e.g. Greek -ων) (cf. e.g. the recent overview in Olander 2015). Old Church Slavic -ъ has often been taken as one of the...
Article
Full-text available
The article is devoted to two outstanding linguists - Jan Niecisław Ignacy Baudouin de Courtenay (13.03.1845-3.11.1929) and A. Schleicher (19.02.1821-6.12.1868) - and their cooperative work in Beitrge zur vergleichenden Sprachforschung auf dem Gebiete der arischen, celtischen und slawischen Sprachen, the journal established by A. Schleicher and A....
Preprint
Full-text available
This draft white paper explores an integrating model of historical linguistics and archaeology describing the linguistic dispersal of Proto Dene into Alaska. It is very comprehensive, so I ask for comments and edits
Presentation
Full-text available
Mainly intended for Polish students of English, this presentation is conceived as an introduction to etymology and historical linguistics.
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Abstract The present work is a historical/linguistic account of an unprecedented fact regarding the existence of two English Speaking Communities [British English and American English], in a country like the Dominican Republic, where Spanish is the official and most used language, to the extent of being considered a monolingual nation or countr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The style and language of an author evolves over time, but how and to what extent? Is evolution linear or is it more erratic? In stylometry, those questions are often addressed with hierarchical clustering. Hierarchical clustering is popular in Digital Humanities to classify texts by degree of similarity. When texts can be ordered chronologically,...
Article
Full-text available
Turkic kinship terminologies represent a mixture of words of native and foreign origin, and the proportion of loanwords reflects the degree of linguistic and cultural interference between the Turkic and other Eurasian languages. As the intensity of socio-cultural relations between languages and communities increases, the proportion of loanwords in k...
Article
Full-text available
Lexical data has been key in attempts to reconstruct the early history of the banana (Musa sp.) in Africa. Previous language-based approaches to the introduction and dispersal of this staple crop of Asian origin have suffered from the absence of well-established genealogical classifications and inadequate historical-linguistic analysis. We therefor...
Preprint
Full-text available
Linguistic Typology at the Crossroads (LTC) is a new journal dedicated to the crossroads where linguistic typology meets its neighboring fields. Thanks to the advanced infrastructure provided by ABIS-AlmaDL<https://sba.unibo.it/it/almadl/> at the University of Bologna, LTC provides immediate and free open access to all publications, with no embargo...
Article
Full-text available
This article applies a historical linguistic approach to compare specific word choice before, during and after the First World War in a sample of UK newspapers and two Nottingham papers. It finds that language use in Nottingham newspapers was similar to UK papers but at the same time showed marked differences, possibly as a result of local characte...
Chapter
Full-text available
Resumen: La importancia y larga pervivencia de los pronombres personales en las lenguas los convierten en un campo de estudio idóneo para la lingüística histórico-comparativa. En este artículo nos aproximaremos al origen del sistema de pronombres personales bereberes. Para ello, analizaremos su funcionamiento en cinco variedades geográficas bastant...
Article
Full-text available
This study addresses gender assignment in six North Scandinavian varieties with a three-gender system: Old Norse, Norwegian (Nynorsk), Old Swedish, Nysvenska, Jamtlandic, and Elfdalian. Focusing on gender variation and change, we investigate the role of various factors in gender change. Using the contemporary Swedish varieties Jamtlandic and Elfdal...
Article
Full-text available
The morphology of the pronominal suffixes in dialectal Arabic are of particular interest for scholars of the history of Arabic for two main reasons. First, multiple dialects attest suffixes that, from a comparative perspective, apparently retain final short vowels. The second and more complicated issue concerns the vowels which precede the suffixes...
Chapter
Full-text available
Abstract Since the mid-eighteenth century, when Greek scholars had began to express their attitude towards Modern Greek, the relationship between this language and Ancient Greek constituted the central, if not the unique, subject of discussions. Whether pronouncing positive or negative judgments concerning this vernacular language, scholars have a...
Article
Full-text available
The transfer of words from one language to another is ubiquitous in many of the world’s languages. While loanwords have a rich literature in the fields of historical linguistics, language contact, and sociolinguistics, little work has been done examining how loanwords are processed by bilinguals with knowledge of both the source and recipient langu...
Book
Full-text available
In a world threatened by the loss of linguistic and cultural diversity, the documentation of endangered languages is one of the most urgent tasks. Language documentation also opens new diachronic perspectives on endangered and underdescribed languages. Historical linguitics helps reconstruct the history of many indigenous people, and contributes to...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Abstract The present work is a historical/linguistic account of an unprecedented fact regarding the existence of two English Speaking Communities [British English and American English], in a country like the Dominican Republic, where Spanish is the official and most used language, to the extent of being considered a monolingual nation or countr...
Article
Full-text available
The article focuses on the structure and functions of the myth of the Hussite origin of (a part of) Slovak protestants. The narrative, based on claims of some earlier historians , started gaining momentum in the 18th century and fully developed in the 19 th century literary production (especially in the works of Pavol Jozef Šafárik, afterwards Samu...
Article
Full-text available
The questions of formation of grammatical competence as a component of an individual’s linguistic competence have been considered, the essence of the definition of “grammatical competence” has been analyzed and author’s comprehension of this notion has been suggested. The structural components of grammatical competence (grammatical knowledge, gramm...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, past plant knowledge serves as a case study to highlight the promise and challenges of interdisciplinary data collection and interpretation in cultural evolution. Plants are central to human life and yet, apart from the role of major crops, people–plant relations have been marginal to the study of culture. Archaeological, linguistic,...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about the prehistoric domestication and cultivation of crops in the Eastern Himalayas (eastern Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh), due to a lack of archaeological and archaeobotanical research in the area. This paper reconstructs the lexical terminology for grains in the East Bodish language sub-family in Eastern Bhutan. Hist...
Poster
Full-text available
Capturing the intense interest in research on Englishes worldwide, Bloomsbury Advances in World Englishes promotes approaches to the complexities of world Englishes from a multitude of linguistic perspectives. Responding to recent trends in socio-cognitive, critical sociolinguistic, contact linguistic and communication-based research, books in this...
Article
Full-text available
This article seeks to combine the viewpoints of formal semantics and pragmatics, typology, historical linguistics, and philology, in order to give a diachronic overview of the semantic and pragmatic changes observable for the Imperfect indicative within the recorded history Greek. Since its development does not adhere to typologically expected stag...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT The first objective of the study was to search for and extract indigenous names, toponyms in particular, from primary source VOC Cape archival documents vested in the Western Cape Archives and Records Service (WCARS), covering the governance of the Cape of Good Hope by the VOC (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie – Dutch East India Company...