Science topics: Heterosexuality
Science topic

Heterosexuality - Science topic

The sexual attraction or relationship between members of the opposite SEX.
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Publications related to Heterosexuality (10,000)
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Chapter
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This chapter gives a general panorama of the academic production of the history of love between heterosexual couples — romantic, conjugal and sexual —in Latin America. Located in a book that seeks to offer a broad vision of the history of emotions, including different geographical regions, its purpose is to provide a vision of the scope of emotions...
Article
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Objective To explore the microbial etiology of urethritis in Vietnamese men and the association with patients’ characteristics, especially their sexual behaviors. Methods This study was conducted on 349 men who presented with symptomatic urethritis and evidence of STIs (determined by multiplex PCR tests) at the Department of Andrology and Sexual M...
Article
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Background Gender-Based (GB) intimate partner violence is a social and public health issue globally. Several risks of violence related to male sexual partners’ perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) following the disclosure of their female intimate partners’ HIV + status have been reported. No research has been conducted on male sexual par...
Article
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Background: Systemic oppression, particularly towards sexual minorities, continues to be deeply rooted in the bedrock of many societies globally. Experiences with minority stressors (e.g. discrimination, hate-crimes, internalized homonegativity, rejection sensitivity, and microaggressions or everyday indignities) have been consistently linked to a...
Article
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In 2022, amid the COVID-19 pandemic, monkeypox re-emerged globally as a new and additional infectious threat for countries outside Africa, and it was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by WHO. 1,2 During this multicountry monkeypox outbreak, which has comprised more than 80 488 cases to Nov 21, 2022 according to the US Cent...
Article
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As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, Latinx youth report high rates of negative mental health outcomes such as anxiety and depression. Similarly, research with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth have documented increased negative mental health outcomes such as depression and anxiety as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. H...
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Background China implemented strict non-pharmaceutical interventions to contain COVID-19 at the early stage. We aimed to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on HIV care continuum in China. Methods Aggregated data on HIV care continuum between 1 January 2017 and 31 December 2020 were collected from centers for disease control and prevention at differen...
Article
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Background The Internet has become an important virtual venue for men who have sex with men to seek sexual partners, with a high potential threat to spread sexually transmitted infections (STIs). However, the online sex-seeking use and its risk causing STIs spread remain unclear among heterosexual men. We conducted a cross-sectional study to invest...
Article
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Attachment is important for pro-relationship behavior. Past research has suggested that anxious and avoidant attachment makes people less likely to forgive, but dyadic effects of secure and preoccupied attachment have not been considered. We tested actor and partner effects of attachment on forgiveness (increased benevolence; decreased resentment)...
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The spread of COVID-19 resulted in the utilization of preventive measures, such as face masks. However, there is currently a lack of attitude measures available to examine an individual’s face mask attitudes. The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument to measure face mask wearing attitudes. Participants (N = 447) responded to an item po...
Article
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Background Disparities in the health and economic burden of gonorrhoea have not been systematically quantified. We estimated population-level health losses and costs associated with gonococcal infection and sequelae in the United States. Methods We used probability-tree models to capture gonorrhoea sequelae and to estimate attributable disease bur...
Article
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Yunnan, the region hardest hit by HIV/AIDS in China, is also an area with the most abundant HIV-1 genetic diversity. A large number of novel HIV-1 circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) and unique recombinants were identified among injection drug users in Yunnan; however, few were found among sexual contacts. Here, we obtained 15 near full-length gen...
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Objectives This study aimed to assess the influences of stigma and HIV status on reproductive intention among heterosexual couples living with HIV in China. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in Kunming, China among 315 HIV-positive individuals and their spouses (n = 315 couples). An interview questionnaire was used to collect data on i...
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While people value a good sense of humor in their potential romantic partners, we know comparatively less about the function of humor in long-term relationships. Using the survey method, we measured the production, appreciation, and quality of humor along with humor styles and dyadic adjustment in long-term relationships among 149 heterosexual coup...
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This article is an attempt to unearth the existing notions of gender, sexuality and emerging alternative forms of sexual practices and expressions within the Indian context by choosing to examine Aruni Kashyap's short fiction titled His Father's Disease from a queer perspective. Drawing inferences from postmodern critical discourses on queer subjec...
Article
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The rectal foreign body is a rare presentation, often related to sexual gratification, sexual assault, or the result of ingestion and rarely accidental, and with rising incidence. We present a case of a 47-year-old heterosexual male with an alleged history of accidental insertion of a foreign body through the anus three days prior without peritonit...
Article
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This paper reflects on my experiences as a queer researcher investigating the relationship between university lad culture and gender-related violence. Gender-related violence is analysed as a useful conceptual tool for considering lad culture, owing to the relationship between lad culture and sexual violence, LGBT-phobia and the privileging of whit...
Article
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Research found that those who believe sexual orientation is inborn have generally positive attitudes toward gay men and lesbian women. However, other studies have also found that these beliefs could include negative eugenic ideas. This study aims to investigate the role of people’s beliefs about the aetiology of sexual orientation in attitudes towa...
Article
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Prior literature illustrates that sexual minority people (e.g., bisexual, gay, queer) are at increased vulnerability for sexual violence victimization compared to heterosexual peers, including while in college. However, the study of sexual violence perpetration in sexual minority populations, much less specifically sexual minority college men, has...
Article
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Objectives Access to affordable STI testing for asymptomatic persons is important to reduce STI transmission. Our testing site offers easily accessible and affordable STI testing for the general population irrespective of symptoms. Here we report STI prevalence and motivational factors of attendance. Methods Between 2017 and 2019, all participants...
Article
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Background In Nigeria, vulnerability status may increase the risk for the violation of human rights while receiving health care. The present study determined the proportion and profile of people who reported rights violation while accessing HIV and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. Methods This was a cross sectional study with data co...
Article
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This article examines the soldiering body in relation to the increasing prevalence of genitourinary injuries in military personnel. Feminist scholars have demonstrated that the idealised masculine soldiering body are central to the workings of international politics. The article shows that US militarised masculinity operates through the selective d...
Article
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Trans masculine, two-spirit, and non-binary people who are gay, bisexual or otherwise have sex with men (TGBM) are under-tested for sexually transmitted infections (STI) and may face complex, intersectional barriers that prevent them from accessing STI testing. As part of a study on gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men's (GBM) experien...
Article
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Hitch (2005) is a romantic comedy blockbuster that seemingly disrupts the self-evident truths about men and their relationship with the world. In this research, content analysis shows how the men closer to the ideals of hegemonic masculinity successfully employ physical force to control others, while they themselves are unable to constrain their ag...
Article
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The studies point to the oscillation not only of hormones but also in the lengths of the index finger and the ring finger during the menstrual cycle. Levels of hormones during the period inter alia affect women’s libido levels. In this preliminary research, we analyze the association between the length of the index finger (2D), ring finger (4D), an...
Article
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We examined power and decision-making in heterosexual relationships amongst South African adolescents and young people. A survey conducted with 515 adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) included items from the Sexual Relationship Power Scale (SRPS) adapted for South African women. Qualitative interviews with fifty AGYW aged between 15 and 24, and...
Article
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Background: The recent human monkeypox virus (HMPXV) outbreak in non-endemic countries that started in May 2022 has raised concerns among public health authorities worldwide. Healthcare workers (HCWs) play a decisive role during epidemics in transmitting accurate information to the public and motivating them to pursue protective behaviours, includi...
Article
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Little research has been focused on offline or online infidelity in GL dating relationships, especially in a post-communist socio-cultural context. Infidelity–related (IR) behaviors on social media sites might be as hurtful to relationships as offline infidelity, both in gay, lesbian (GL) and heterosexual romantic monogamous relationships. In this...
Book
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La presente investigación estudia la relación entre el control violento del espacio público contra las mujeres y población LGBT con imaginarios sociales que justifican estas acciones. Se presenta una visión del espacio público hostil hacia lo femenino y donde se busca esconder la diversidad para la imposición del binarismo heterosexual en la poblac...
Article
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In an anonymous online study (N = 824), we investigated the frequency of use of appearance and performance-enhancing drugs and supplements (APEDS) in a sample of young men (15–30 years) in Sweden, along with their self-reported eating disorder (ED) symptoms, drive for muscularity and sexual orientation. A total of 129 participants (16.1%) reported...
Article
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Despite some efforts to enhance clitoral knowledge to increase women's sexual pleasure, a gendered orgasm gap persists. We aimed to provide contemporary data on people's knowledge about the clitoris and investigate its association with the experience of sexual pleasure. Heterosexual participants (n = 573; 64.2% women) took a quiz on clitoral knowle...
Article
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We assessed changes in sexual behaviour among people with HIV (PWH) over 20 years. Condom use with stable partners steadily declined from over 90% to 29% since the Swiss U = U statement with similar trajectories between men who have sex with men (MSM) and heterosexuals. Occasional partnership remained higher among MSM compared to heterosexuals even...
Article
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Purpose To explore perceptions towards embryo disposition among patients donating excess embryos to a research biobank.Methods Cross-sectional study of survey responses collected as part of enrollment in a research biobank. Patients are asked questions regarding the difficulty of their disposition decision, their alternative disposition choice if d...
Thesis
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A growing body of research has identified the relationship between loneliness and numerous adverse health outcomes in adults over the age of 55. Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) older adults have been flagged as an especially high-risk group, and while social networks have been shown to protect against loneliness in LGBT youth, this has yet to be i...
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Violence against women, like COVID-19, is a pandemic phenomenon that affects all social strata. The aim of this study was to understand the relations between psychological abuse, self-esteem, and emotional dependency in women during the pandemic, from the perspective of the Theory of Traumatic Bonding. The sample included 222 women, the majority he...
Chapter
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Portugal has achieved significant legal changes in LGBTI+ rights. However, bisexuality is still regarded as suspicious, leading to invisibility and silence. This chapter analyses bisexual citizenship in Portugal, starting with the theoretical debate around this concept and subsequently taking intimate citizenship as a useful analytical concept in u...
Article
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In this article, we explore how culturally available sexual scripts are drawn on to make meaning of young people’s engagement with internet pornography (IP). We draw on a version of sexual scripting theory developed by feminist discursive scholars to perform a critical thematic analysis of 24 interviews with parents, educators, and young people. We...
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This paper examines Simone de Beauvoir’s reading of the eighteenth century writer and libertine Marquis de Sade, in her essay “Must we Burn Sade?”; a difficult and bewildering text, both in pure linguistic terms and philosophically. In particular, Beauvoir’s insistence on Sade as a “great moralist” seems hard to reconcile with her emphasis, in The...
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American post-apocalyptic horror series The Walking Dead (2010-2022) has been accused of both killing off out queer characters and explicitly explores a world that recreates fascist masculinity (Gencarella, 2016) and heteropatriarchal gender roles (Sugg, 2015). However, the fan favorite Daryl Dixon (Norman Reedus) presents an opportunity for queer...
Article
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Educating boys about consent in schools in England is required as part of the now-statutory Relationships, Sex, and Health Education curriculum and, moreover, is considered important for addressing sexual violence, abuse, and harassment among young people. The present paper draws on qualitative data collected in three schools in southeast England t...
Article
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Previous studies have shown that unrestricted sociosexuality is part of a quantitative strategy where individuals prioritize the search for multiple partners and is associated with earlier onset of sexual debut, infidelity, reduced sexual disgust, and risk-taking behaviors. Thus, we aimed to investigate the relationship between sociosexuality and s...
Article
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Research has found that sexual orientation beliefs predict heterosexuals’ attitudes toward sexual minorities, and important sexual identity outcomes in sexual minority populations. To this point, no studies have systematically examined how sexual orientation beliefs may be associated with sexual identity self-labeling among sexual minority individu...
Article
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The number of women living with HIV (WLHIV) in Indonesia, especially Papua, is increasing yearly, along with the increasing number of men who transmit HIV to their partners. WLHIV are susceptible to opportunistic infections, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. This study, aiming to identify the characteristics and opportunistic infections...
Article
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Both empirical and clinical evidence with heterosexual parents and their biological children has shown the significant influence of early family interactions on children’s socioemotional and cognitive development during their first years. Yet, very little research has applied family-level assessment to families who are diverse with respect to paren...
Book
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Gender-marginal groups, including transgender, gender non-conforming and gender non-binary persons, are systematically excluded from the Indian science ecosystem. A survey by TheLifeofScience.com found that transgender, gender non-conforming and gender non-binary persons in the Indian science ecosystem face issues accessing institutional spaces,...
Preprint
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Background: Index testing (IT) is a voluntary process whereby HIV seropositive clients are counselled and, after obtaining consent, their sexual and needle sharing partners are offered HIV testing services. IT has been associated with high HIV positivity rate. The aim of this study is to determine the positivity rate and factors influencing IT yiel...
Preprint
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OBJECTIVES: To describe episodic nature of disability among adults living with Long COVID. METHODS: We conducted a community-engaged qualitative descriptive study involving online semi-structured interviews and participant visual illustrations. We recruited participants via collaborator community organizations in Canada, Ireland, United Kingdom, an...
Preprint
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Objective The Eating Disorders Genetics Initiative United Kingdom (EDGI UK), part of the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) Mental Health BioResource, aims to deepen our understanding of the environmental and genetic aetiology of eating disorders. EDGI UK launched in February 2020 and is partnered with the UK eating disorders ch...
Article
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Recent societal initiatives (e.g., gender-neutral toilets, clothing, and language) highlight the ongoing shift of gender away from binary categories: “man” and “woman.” We identified and investigated two reasons for this shift: that many people may not identify with strictly binary categories and that this may have negative social consequences. Emp...
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In this article, I analyze the relations between humans, non-humans, and infrastructure in Vjeran Miladinović Merlinka’s fictionalized autobiography Terezin sin. I argue that queer humans and non-humans share a particular ontological and axiological space and time in urban ecology in relation to the built environment of cis-heteronormative socius g...
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Background Little is known about the access to measures of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services among sexual minority communities in China, where sexuality-related stigma and discrimination remains high. The aim of this study is to investigate access to measures of SRH services among Chinese sexual minority youths (SMY) aged 17 to 24 years...
Article
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This article aims to analyze the experience of medical students who identify themselves as lesbians, gays, and bisexuals inside the professional health corporation of highest social prestige in contemporary Brazilian society, the Medicine. The categories found show that the undergraduate course has a hidden curriculum that operates in the logic of...
Article
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Men are primarily responsible for the transmission of HIV because of their participation in risk-taking activities and illicit drug use, while men who have sex men (MSM) are major drivers of the HIV/AIDS epidemic globally. This study the lived experiences of eleven (11) male key informants (KIs) residing in Cebu province, who admit having had sexua...
Article
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In our species, the formation and maintenance of romantic partners is a nonrandom process. In this sense, similarity between members of the couple can be relevant for the beginning of the relationship (i.e., assortative mating) and maintenance, being similarity in attractiveness one of the most interesting aspects of this phenomenon. Despite that s...
Article
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This paper analyzes the current state of the representation of LGBT+ characters in Spanish original video-on-demand television series. Content analysis was performed of 38 series with a total of 749 characters broadcast in Spain in 2020 and 2021, in order to determine the main traits of LGBT+ characters as opposed to their cisheterosexual peers. Th...
Article
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Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) reduces the risk of HIV acquisition by 60% among heterosexual men, provides protection against certain sexually transmitted infections (STI), and leads to penile microbiome composition changes associated with reduced risk of HIV infection. Intuitively, the benefits of VMMC for female sex partners in relati...
Article
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Background There is some data regarding lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) cultural competency among healthcare professionals. While few studies have indicated differences in competency between heterosexual and sexual minority professionals, no known studies have assessed LGBT cultural competency among diverse groups with multiple minor...
Article
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The public workplace has traditionally been conceived of in heteronormative and cisnormative terms, wherein heterosexuality, the gender binary, and opposite-sex relationships are presumed and institutionalized in both word and deed. Recent policy changes and public opinion shifts regarding lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals have pl...
Article
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Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons lack legal support and face stigmatization in Nigeria. However, little is known about their lived experiences and the specific psychosocial interventions they need while living in Nigeria. Drawing on the sexual minority stress model, the authors utilize a phenomenological lens to explore the li...
Article
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Recent attempts to explain the evolutionary prevalence of same-sex sexual behavior (SSB) have focused on the role of indiscriminate mating. However, in many cases, SSB may be more complex than simple mistaken identity, instead involving mutual interactions and successful pairing between partners who can detect each other's sex. Behavioral plasticit...
Article
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Purpose of Review With the promise of HIV prevention, there has been a scale-up of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) in high HIV incidence/low circumcision prevalence nations worldwide. Nonetheless, debates over the implementation and the effectiveness and safety of the VMMC in real-world settings persist. We revisit the role of VMMC in HI...
Chapter
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D ünya Sağlık Örgütü (DSÖ) cinsel sağlığı bireyin cinsel yaşamını herhangi bir zorlama olmadan, mutlu ve zarar görmeden sürdürebilmesi ve kişinin duy-gusal, fikirsel ve toplumsal bütünlüğünü sağlayan, kişilik gelişimi ve sevgi-nin paylaşımını olumlu etkileyen iyilik hali olarak tanımlamaktadır. 1 Sağlıklı bir cinsel yaşam için bireyin kendisine say...
Article
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Purpose Previous studies have suggested that drive for leanness (DL) may be less maladaptive than drive for thinness (DT) or drive for muscularity (DM). However, no studies have examined whether there might be gender differences in the relationships between these three drives and mental health variables. The purpose of this study was twofold. First...
Article
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For young women, the power imbalance in favor of males in dating relationships has been related to dating violence (DV) victimization. In addition, the use of rumination to cope with DV may increase their psychological distress. The purpose of the current study was to examine whether experiences of DV and rumination mediate the association between...
Preprint
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Background Iran is among the first three countries in MENA region where two-thirds of new HIV infections are reported. The HIV rapid diagnostic testing (HIV-RDT) program, established for early detection of HIV infection, is evaluated in Mashhad, a metropolitan area, and 14 cities in Khorasan-Razavi Province, Iran. Methods In this cross-sectional s...
Preprint
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Importance: Estimating the medical complexity of people aging with HIV can inform clinical programs and policy to meet future healthcare needs. Objective: To project the prevalence of comorbidities and multimorbidity among people with HIV (PWH) using antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the US through 2030. Design: Agent-based simulation model Setting:...
Article
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Purpose of Review Sexual and gender minorities (SGM) appear to be at elevated risk for cannabis use (CU) and cannabis use disorder (CUD) compared to cisgender heterosexuals. However, risk factors remain understudied among SGM. This review aims to summarize evidence for disparities in CU and CUD affecting SGM and factors contributing to these dispar...
Article
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Although health disparities among same-sex attracted compared to heterosexual individuals are typically explained by minority stress, there is limited evidence for a causal effect. This study investigated whether same-sex attraction was causally associated with psychological distress and risky sexual behavior using sociosexual behavior as a proxy....
Article
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Substantial empirical evidence suggests that individuals who belong to sexual and gender minorities experience more anxiety and depression than heterosexual and cisgender people. Many previous studies have not, however, used population-based samples. There is also a shortage of evidence about certain sexual and gender minorities (e.g., nonbinary in...