Questions related to Heritage Conservation
I am looking for studies and articles that can shed light on the development of public policies for the conservation of historical heritage in cities and local communities. Contributions are most welcome.
There is so much research about Photogrammetry but very little of that research is focus on cultural heritage inside museum settings.
Keenly looking suggestions about the prospect and challenges of scientific study in Heritage, Indigeneity and Folklore Studies (HIFS) at the educational institution around the world.
Hi, good morning, as a paper and book conservator, I have some knowledge about leather. In Portugal there is an history of producing it, specially in Alcanena.
I might help in this matter if you are interested.
Majuli is a wonder of nature. Situated in the midst of the mighty Brahmaputra river, Majuli is the largest freshwater river island in the world. There are numerous tribes living in the island, maintaining their folk culture and continuing a tradition that is unique and remarkable. The island is populated by different colourful communities, majority of them abide by the tenets of the Vaishnavite Guru, Saint Srimanta Sankaradeva. My book titled ‘Majuli: Resources and Challenges’ is an edited volume that gives a comprehensive view of the resources and challenges of Majuli. It is published by Authorspress India. Majuli remains largely an unfamiliar terrain for most of the Indians. Majuli’s efforts for world heritage conservation has not succeeded yet. Majuli is characterised by Sattras and Their Heritage. There are issues like Protecting Majuli from dominating Brahmaputra, Sustainable Design Solutions for the Mitigation of Flooding and Riverbank Erosion in Majuli Island, Eco-restoration of Majuli Island, Land-use/Land-cover in Majuli etc. For more about Majuli, one can check the site http://majulilandscape.gov.in
The Diocletian’s palace in Split is known to receive management decisions, which have represented the developing process of heritage management world wide. From stylistic restoration and demolition of postantique structures that didn't belong the the Roman Period, until Riegl's ideas to keep buildings that contributed to the image and harmony of the site.
Is there any other significant example elsewhere that shows the debate or conflict between the domination of historicitized image of a heritage site in a town, and the advocacy of layered-historical complexity?
What is the appropriate types of contracts for heritage conservation? Which one is more common in government-owned heritage? employ contractors for such projects or do it by the authority itself?
Is there a specific cost data for conservation heritage buildings in different countries? If not, how the cost is estimated?
I invite discussions from geologists and scientists; who are working on geochemical investigations of rocks and cement or lime-based construction materials.
Scope of the discussion:
- Geo-chemistry of weathering of artificial rock ‘concrete’
- Geo-chemistry of heritage mortars (including lime and Surkhi mortars)
- Investigations related to weathering and deterioration of siliceous rocks (including alkali silica reaction in concrete materials)
- Investigations related to weathering and deterioration of calcareous rocks (including alkali carbonate reaction in concrete materials)
Salient Points to Discuss:
- Methods of geochemical calculations
- Relevance of binary and ternary diagrams
- Number of ions - Formula on basis of 24 (O or OH) and their relevance, when and where to use?
- Number of ions - Formula on basis of 18 (O or OH) and their relevance, when and where to use?
- Number of ions - Formula on basis of 6 (O or OH) and their relevance, when and where to use?
- Number of ions - Formula on basis of 4 (O or OH) and their relevance, when and where to use?
- Number of ions - Formula on basis of any other equivalents; i.e., 22, 23, 2 (O or OH) and their relevance, when and where to use?
- Significance of addition and subtraction diagrams based above equivalents; to calculate possible cationic exchanges during weathering and or any other chemically and thermally hostile aggressive environments.
- Calculation of stable mineral assemblages
- Relevance of Rittmann Norm Method – Is this method can be used for all rocks, cement-based systems or for lime and Surkhi to study their changes in aggressive environments. What is the limitation Rittmann norm in this perspective?
- Suggestions on any other related and specific methods.
- What will be inference from a plot ‘X’ ions to ‘Y ions or vice versa. i.e.,
Examples: - (1) A plot of amount of Ca ions in X axis and Si ions in Y axis or vice versa. (2) Dolomite ions to Calcite ions. (3) Aluminum carbonate to silicon carbonate. (4) Carbonate ions to chloride or sulphate ions.
- What will be the inference from a plot of ratios or additions?
Examples: Correlation between Ca/CO2 and Si/Al
Correlation between Na+K and Ca/CO2
- Geochemistry of salt crystallization and gypsum formation in rocks, lime and cement-based materials.
- It will be highly appreciable if you could discus in addition to the state art information provided in the text book an introduction to the rock forming minerals by Deer et al. (1992), and Stable Mineral Assemblage of Igneous rock by Gottini et al. (1973).
- Discuss if anyone has codes/algorithms/excel books and programs written within this scope of geochemical investigations.
Thanks in advance.
Mohammed Haneefa Kolakkadan
Inquiring in particular into the formation of (national, ethnic, cultural) identities; governance; tourism & cultural heritage (representation, commercialisation, commodification); importance of world heritage 'craze' and national ranking; ancient cities;
is temporary use a viable strategy for the conservation of historic buildings and in what ways can temporary use contravene or contribute to the established principles and priorites in conservation, if you have country specific anecdotes this is also interesting... thank you
Note : Temporary use here is defined as a movement (see Urban Catalyst or Temporary City by Bishop and Williams), rather than an acitivty defined by a specific timeframe. The temporary use movement is based on >intention> : an intentionally time-limited use which, due to financial constraints, promotes maximum adaptability (working wihtin existing conditions) and community enagagement (social versus financial capital).
Dear Colleagues, we are interested in studying the international regulations on the matter of respecting the religious and cultural heritage in Eastern European post-communist urban areas.
We plan to start our research from the assumption that at the local level of urban planning there were incremental changes in policy-making and loopholes in the legislation which allowed private Investments interests to speculate the legal void and thus consider building business/recreational centres in the near proximith of historical/religious sites/ old city centres.
At this point we need references on international regulation on urban planning with a view on historical preservation.
Thank you in advance
With the recent questioning of western model of heritage preservation, indigenous models are being discovered all over the world and are found to be more [public] inclusive in opposition to the exclusive nature of western model. Consequently, public participation in heritage creation is being debated. How can these indigenous models play into the acceptable dogma (western model) especially in this post-colonial era?
(Qual é o principal patrimônio industrial no mundo? E em seu país?Quais sítios ou elementos são reconhecidos em seu País? Quais não são?)
(¿Cual es el principal patrimonio industrial en el mundo? ¿Y en su país? ¿Qué sitios o elementos son reconocidos en su país? Cuáles no?)
"Industrial heritage consists of the remains of industrial culture which are of historical, technological, social, architectural or scientific value. These remains consist of buildings and machinery, workshops, mills and factories, mines and sites for processing and refining, warehouses and stores, places where energy is generated, transmitted and used, transport and all its infrastructure, as well as places used for social activities related to industry such as housing, religious worship or education". (Nizhny Tagil Charter, TICCIH, 2003)
Hi all, I am looking for available commercial software or open source tools to model the decay of mud brick structures and focus future preventive interventions. We have surveyed and monitored the UNESCO site of Çatalhöyük in Turkey for 4 years and have a huge amount of data spanning from surface 3D data, measurements, temperature, humidity, salinity, etc.
I am aware that many GIS tools can do spatial analysis on the data we collected and do the job but I would like to use a 3D approach and not sure whether or not ESRI Arc Scene can do the job.
I have been workin on a sandston monument Modhea Sun Temple. The Stresses generated in the temple after earthquake are 1/6th of he material capacity. The monument had retrofication work in 1971 and new sand stone was used for few windows and plinth region. After 2001 bhuj earthquake new sand stone work showed cracks but old sandstone structure did not showed any damage response. From the material aspects what could be the prime reason?
Does reinnovating the structure alter their genuineness?
Currently, I am working on a studio project with a group of undergraduate students of the urban planning department of the University of Moratuwa who are studying ‘Anuradhapura’, Sri Lanka. Anuradhapura city has been identified as a World Heritage site by the UNESCO. Also, it is famous as one of the most prestigious places among the Buddhist pilgrims over time. However, in the contemporary planning practice, the typical way to conserve a heritage site is isolate that place or separate it from the people and prohibit all the activities including construction, modification, etc in the particular location. Anuradhapura also has not escaped from this reality. However, we need to propose some strategies to conserve this place without isolate it from the inhabitants. Not only that, but we also expect to make those inhabitants the agents of conservation of the city. Therefore, please mention if you know any relevant case study or literatures to develop our planning strategies to Anuradhapura.
Does anyone have experience of using near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy for analysis of historic mortars? I have facilities available to me but I am not sure if there is much potential for this in my field of research - I work with new and historic lime mortars and am interested in possibly using this technique to identify additives in the mix.
I'm ready to cooperate and exchange information in this regard, I am working on
a case study in the World Heritage TAKHT-E SOLEYMAN.
The relevant national, regional or local authorities have a duty to encourage the
most appropriate use to be made of the protected heritage of this period.
Encouragement should be given to finding new uses which take account of the needs of present-day life providing the new use that does not run counter to the architectural or historical significance. Could you please share some examples?
Im a final year student working on a dissertation and I am struggling to find professionals who deal with stained glass to answer any of my questions. I would greatly appreciate it if professionals out there could answer these and help me attain my degree.
We cannot find a good and useful theoretical framework to use in our study
I am very interested in the idea of transforming old industrial buildings into habitable homes, and allowing the natural character of old buildings to be celebrated in new and trendy homes. I love the idea of The New York Loft.
Perhaps they yearn for a brand new home or and empty plot of land to build on, or to salvage an old/heritage listed property, or to find restoration opportunities, or..?
I want to know if heritage language instruction is a part of your school system, recognized by the authorities, organized on a parent voluntary basis or non-existent?
I understand that heritage listings are important to preserve the history of the townscapes and streetscapes at the very least, and buildings of that age and life usually have exquisite character, but coming from town where there are numerous houses listed as heritage, some people question which houses are worth the effort and land to save? How would one go about making that decision?
As one of my methods for the masters I would like to know other people's opinions on the use of ICP within archaeology, especially plasters, mortars, and stucco's.
Degradation is permanent (2nd law of thermodynamics), and therefore also the protection of heritage objects and materials have to be permanent. With that comes a need for the introduction of mass (conservation) technologies into the professional care of collection items
The choice of preservative treatment or technology is dependent on the underlying analysis and determination of the properties of object (input and output control, analysis of object before and after conservation). In terms of mass technologies or processes may be considered more procedures / processes.
Mass technological methods of protection and preservation
• Input and output control of the object (example non-destructive, semi-destructive methods for analysis more variables)
• Mechanical and chemical cleaning
• Annealing - oxidative, reductive atmosphere
• Impregnation (deacidification, consolidation, petrification, ..)
• sterilization and disinfection
• and others
All material carriers of cultural heritage are permanently exposed to degradation, which necessitates the need of their constant protection. The rate of degradation of carrier media and heritage in Slovakia is two to three orders of magnitude higher than the required rate of protection. For quantification of object cultural heritage see: http://knihask.eu/novinky_2011/Potreba-ochrany-2011.pdf or attached file (english version).
The accomplished quantification and analysis of the current state of affairs in field of cultural heritage protection of the objects in the Slovak republic has identified a need and a necessity to build the lacking infrastructure and secure qualified personnel resources So that the discrepancy between degradation speed and effective protection is eliminated. An answer would be the launch of the national network of authorized centres for protection of cultural heritage (IKC-NET) (author of idea: Prof. Svetozar Katuščák, http://knihask.eu/technologia.htm ), while observing the conditions of sustainable development.
Implementation of the results project KNIHA SK (http://knihask.eu/novinky_2008/Hanus_Ljubljana2008.pdf )
The aim of the State project of research and development "Preservation, stabilization and conservation of traditional information carriers in the Slovak republic" of the program "Current problems of the society development" is to propose optimal solution of the problem of preservation of traditional information carriers, especially of documents on acidic paper. Key implementation achievement of the state-run project KnihaSK lies in Proposal of optimum technological procedure for books protection and establishment of Integrated Conservation Centrum of the Slovak National Library (IKC SNK). IKC SNK forms an integral part of the national network of technological conservation centra for complex protection of cultural heritage. IKC SNK is an integrated system composed of the following subsystems: conservation and restoration of information carriers (K), digitization (D) and research (V). From the viewpoint of system engineering and good industrial practice, the capacity of the key technological operation – deacidification – can be increased in IKC only at simultaneously applying the necessary technological operations related directly to deacidification and digitization.(www.knihask.eu ). Very important is the selection of best available techology The (BAT) for the protection and preservation of cultural heritage. Example - Criteria and requirements for technologies. Multicriterial evaluation system of a conservation technology (http://knihask.eu/novinky_2011/Criteria-requirements_technologies.pdf )