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Hepatoprotective - Science topic

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The leaf of Solanum anomalum used in ethnomedicine for the treatment of various ailments such as diabetes was evaluated for antioxidative stress and hepatoprotective potentials against hepatic injuries in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Antioxidative stress and hepatoprotective activities of leaf extract and fractions (70-210 mg/kg) were assessed by...
Article
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Setaria megaphylla (Steud) Dur & Schinz (Poaceae), a perennial grass used traditionally in the treatment of various diseases such as malaria was, investigated for antioxidative stress activity in Plasmodium berghei-infected mice. The leaf extract (200-600 mg/kg) and fractions (hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and methanol; 400 mg/kg) of S. me...
Article
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Artabotrys is a genus of small trees in the family Annonaceae. This genus contained over 100 perennial medicinal plants available in the old world tropics. Artabotrys plants have a lengthy history of use in medicine for malaria, diarrhea, backache, and scrofula treatments, as well as some of which were used as tea-like beverages. About 90 reports w...
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Pequi (Caryocar spp.) is a fruit native to the Brazilian Savannah (Cerrado), and Caryocar brasilienseCamb. is one of the most prevalent species in this biome. The consumption of the pequi pulp has been associated with health benefits, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, hypolipidemic, hepatoprotective, and anticarcinogenic effects. These benefi...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic occurred over two years and has not yet been finished. There are some possible Chinese medicines formulations used to prevent and treat COVID-19. Single pure herbal such as curcumin is the most common to combat SARS-CoV-2 with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, antitumor, and hepatoprotective properties....
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the most outgrowing diseases of all, and globally, about 10% of the world's population is affected. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) occurs when the kidney can no longer perform its function to full capacity. There are currently two treatment options for CKD: dialysis and transplantation. Both existing treatment o...
Article
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Salsola is an important genus in the plant kingdom with diverse traditional, industrial, and environmental applications. Salsola species are widely distributed in temperate regions and represent about 45% of desert plants. They are a rich source of diverse phytochemical classes, such as alkaloids, cardenolides, triterpenoids, coumarins, flavonoids,...
Article
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Roselle and Beetroots are essential plants used individually for hepatoprotective abilities. This study investigated the preventive potentials of the combinations of Roselle and beetroots against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced and Escherichia coli (E. coli)-induced hepatic stress. Total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoids (TF), 1,1-diphen...
Article
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Objective Genistein is a recognized isoflavone present in soybeans with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiangiogenic and antitumor activities. This study aimed to test ability of genistein in modulating versican/platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) axis in HCC. Methods HCC was experimentally induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats then treated with...
Article
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Context Deer antler based active ingredients are known to have certain anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. However, its potential hepatoprotective effect remains unclear. Objective This article reports the hepatoprotective effect of protein components in deer antler bases (R1) on lipopolysaccharide/d-galactosamine (LPS/d-GalN)-induced ac...
Article
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Context Tadehagi triquetrum (Linn.) Ohashi (Fabaceae) (TT), is a traditional herbal medicine used especially in China’s ethnic-minority communities, such as the Zhuang, Dai, Li and Wa aeras. As an ethnic medicine, it has long been used to treat various diseases. Objective This review summarised the phytochemical and pharmacological progress on TT...
Article
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Naturally fermented filed water-dropwort (Oenanthe javanica) extracts by steeping with oligosaccharides (FDE) show a hepatoprotective activity against the liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and ethanol. However, the role of FDE in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has not yet been reported. In the present study, we investigated...
Article
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Chronic liver disease (CLD), manifested as hepatic injury, is a major cause of global morbidity and mortality. CLD progresses to fibrosis, cirrhosis, and—ultimately—hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) if left untreated. The different phenotypes of CLD based on their respective clinical features and causative agents include alcoholic liver disease (ALD),...
Article
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Sophorae tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma (STR) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine. STR can reduce aminotransferase activity; however, the specific mechanism remains unclear. Here, we explored the potential therapeutic effects and hepatoprotective mechanism of STR on liver damage in mice. The chemical characteristics of the extract were character...
Article
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Objective: The study was designed to investigate the hepatoprotective activity of caffeine against isoniazid-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Materials & Method: Hepatotoxicity was induced in albino rats by administering isoniazid (250 mg/kg, p.o.) once daily for 14 days. Simultaneously, caffeine (100, 200, 300 mg/kg p.o) was administered 1 h prior...
Preprint
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Background COVID and Influenza with non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs) complicate the diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and increase mortality rate. The aim: to evaluate the effects of the fast weight loss on clinic and laboratory inflammation profile, metabolic profile, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and body composition in patients with COVID...
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Sea buckthorn ( Hippophae rhamnoides L.), an ancient miraculous plant, is of great interest because of its tenacity, richness in nutritional active substances, and biological activity. Sea buckthorn is a deciduous shrub or tree of the genus Hippophae in the family Elaeagnaceae . It is a pioneer tree species for soil improvement, wind and sand contr...
Article
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Plants have always been a vital source of medicines and other essential products that have been a part of human life ever since time immemorial. Pharmacognosy and its associated aspects have been going through constant evolution and investigation with every generation revealing different and new pharmaceutical properties of plants and their product...
Article
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A polyherbal remedy, Pancharishta has been utilized for generations to cure a variety of hepatoprotective illnesses, including liver disease, stomach ulcers, and hepatitis. Pancharishta is made by decocting plant components, followed by fermentation to preserve it and make extraction easier because alcohol is produced. The purpose of the current st...
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The aim of this review is to perform a systematic review of scientific papers and an in-depth analysis of the latest research related to Paeonia × suffruticosa Andrews as a valuable plant species, important in pharmacy and cosmetology. P. × suffruticosa bark root-Moutan cortex is a medicinal raw material formerly known from traditional Chinese medi...
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Identical anti-diabetic effect-producing herbs (Syzygium cumini and Ficus racemosa) were administered in different doses for improved hypolipidemic and hepatoprotective effects. Experimental rats collected from icddr’b were divided into six treatment groups (control, diabetic control, standard drug, and combined herbal extracts of low, moderate, an...
Article
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Background: Drug-induced liver injury (DILI), represented by acetaminophen (APAP), is a common cause of acute liver failure in clinics. Paeoniflorin (PF) has been proven to demonstrate a significant hepatoprotective effect. However, it is still unclear whether it can be a potential agent against hepatotoxicity induced by APAP. This study aimed to e...
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Mono- and poly-O-methylated flavonols and their glycoside derivatives belong to the group of natural plant polyphenols with a wide spectrum of pharmacological activities. These compounds are known for their antioxidant, antimutagenic, hepatoprotective, antidiabetic, and antilipogenic properties. Additionally, they inhibit carcinogenesis and cancer...
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The article presents the results of clinical trials of the drug, the active substance of which is ademethionine 1,4-butanedisulfonate (ademethionine salt), on dogs with an acute course of piroplasmosis. The drug is one of hepatoprotectors designed to normalize the morpho-functional state of the liver and metabolic processes in the body. It should b...
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Tartary buckwheat, a gluten-free pseudocereal, has received considerable attention owing to its unique nutritional ingredients and beneficial health effects such as anti-tumor, anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation and hepatoprotective activities. Pharmacokinetic and metabolite profiling have been preliminarily assessed for Tartary buckwheat extracts....
Preprint
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Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver, or NAFLD is the most common chronic liver ailment. It is characterised by excessive fat deposition in hepatocytes of individuals who consume little or no alcohol and are not affected by specific liver damaging factors. It is also associated with extrahepatic manifestations like chronic kidney disease, cardiova...
Article
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Melosira nummuloides is a type of diatom in the family Melosiraceae. Diatoms are unicellular microalgae widely distributed in aquatic environments. Diatoms are known to be suitable for many industrial and biomedical applications because of their high biocompatibility and ease of use. In this study, we investigated the hepatoprotective effect of dia...
Article
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Acute liver injury has multiple causes and can result in liver failure. In this study, we evaluated the hepatoprotective ability of cyanidin (Cy) and investigated its associated mechanisms. Cy administration significantly and dose-dependently ameliorated acute liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). High-dose Cy showed effects comparab...
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Background The liver cancer is one of the most frequent solid organ malignancies worldwide. Alternative medicine is deemed as one approach that may progress anticancer drugs efficacy and minimize their toxic effects. Similarly, this study was designed to establish the ethanolic extract from Artemisia judaica (AJ) plant and characterize extract that...
Article
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Microalgae are an important renewable source of carotenoids and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), with strong antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and hepatoprotective properties. In this study, indigenous microalgal strains from fresh, brackish, and marine waters of Peninsular Malaysia were isolated, purified, and cultured. The potential of microalg...
Article
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Background Homeostatic regulation of cardiomyocytes is indispensable in maintaining the normal physiological activity of cardiac tissue. Cardiotoxicity induced by drugs may lead to cardiac abnormalities such as arrhythmia, myocardial infarction and myocardial hypertrophy. Moreover, drug-induced cardiotoxicity confines the additional use of the impl...
Article
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Methyl cellosolve (MTC) is an established gonadotoxic and hematotoxic compound that is commonly and universally utilized in herbicide, liquid soap, stain, dye, paint, and brake fluid manufacturing industries as a solvent. Due to its wide range usage, this study therefore investigated the effect of syringic acid (SYAC) on hematological indices, sper...
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Background High-fat diet (HFD) possesses a major cause of cardiovascular disease, and hepatosteatosis. Unfortunately, long-term use of statins has a theoretical possibility of worsening of hepatic histology in the patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The objective of the study was to explore hepatoprotective potential of policos...
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Tofacitinib, a Janus kinase 1 and 3 inhibitor, is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis. It is mainly metabolized by the cytochromes p450 (CYP) 3A1/2 and CYP2C11 in the liver. Chronic inflammation eventually leads to cirrhosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Isosakuranetin (ISN), a component of Citrus aurantium L., has hepatoprotective effects...
Article
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Background Piperine is a type of amide alkaloid that exhibits pleiotropic properties like antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, hepatoprotective, neuroprotective and enhancing bioavailability and fertility-related activities. Piperine has the ability to alter gastrointestinal disorders, drug-metabolizing enzymes, and bioavai...
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Background Limnophila rugosa (Scrophulariaceae) is a perennial aquatic plant used as a diuretic and digestive tonic as well as in the treatment of diarrhea, dysentery, dyspepsia and urinary ailments. Genus Limnophila has been reported as hepatoprotective. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the hepatoprotective activity of the ethanolic ex...
Article
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Herbal medicine and their preparations have been widely used from the thousands of years in developing and developed countries in the primary health care of society and community. Quality control is one of the very important and essential steps in the manufacturing of herbal preparations as quality of product affects the safety and efficacy of medi...
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Background Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent stromal cells and could exert hepatoprotective effects against acute liver injury, steatohepatitis, and fibrogenesis. Here, we evaluated the effects of human adipose derived stem cells (hADSCs) to attenuate experimentally induced hepatic fibrosis and early cirrhosis in rats. Methods Hepatic...
Article
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Traditional remedies for the treatment of various ailments are gaining popularity. Traditionally, one of the most valuable therapeutic herbs has been Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth. Traditional and folk uses of P. kurroa include chronic constipation, skin-related problems, burning sensation, chronic reoccurring fever, jaundice, heart problems, br...
Article
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Alcohol and drug overdoses cause liver diseases such as cirrhosis, hepatitis, and liver cancer globally. In particular, an overdose of acetaminophen (APAP), which is generally used as an analgesic and antipyretic agent, is a major cause of acute hepatitis, and cases of APAP-induced liver damage are steadily increasing. Potential antioxidants may in...
Article
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Despite its hepatoprotective effects and favorable metabolic effects, the association between carnitine-orotate complex (Godex®) intake and mortality has never been investigated. We enrolled 13,413 adults who underwent national health examination and were prescribed the carnitine-orotate complex. Subjects were classified into three groups based on...
Article
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In the current study, the hepatoprotective activity of vanillic acid, silymarin, and vanillic acid-loaded silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) against CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity was tested in male rats for four weeks. Thirty male rats were divided into five groups (n = 6). The 1st group was a negative control, the 2nd group was a positive control, the 3rd...
Article
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The aim of the current study was to evaluate the hepatoprotective potential of Mimosa pudica leaves ethanolic extract against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatic damage in Wistar rats. Mimosa pudica is famous for its anticancer alkaloid, mimosine, along with several valuable secondary metabolites like tannins, steroids, flavonoids, triterpe...
Article
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Irinotecan is the first line chemotherapy drug used for treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer worldwide. There is increasing evidence suggesting that liver damage, including steatosis and steatohepatitis, can be caused during the treatment involving irinotecan. However, molecular mechanisms by which irinotecan-induced liver injury remain elusiv...
Article
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To assess the bioactive components and ethnobotanical applications of the plants, a phytochemical analysis and ethnobotanical uses of the leaves of Gongronema latifolium Benth were performed. The existence of flavonoids, saponins, alkaloids, tannins, total phenols, and glycosides was demonstrated by the results. Carbohydrates, protein, amino acids,...
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Phytotherapy has been promoted for the treatment of liver diseases in dogs. The interest in identifying the antioxidant/hepatoprotective potential of various plants is increasing. Every 10 days for 30 days, forty dogs were subjected to blood sampling and hepatic ultrasound assessment. Clinically healthy dogs (group A) and dogs with liver enzyme and...
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Japanese Ardisia is widely used as a hepatoprotective and anti-inflammatory agent in China. However, the active ingredients in Japanese Ardisia and their potential mechanisms of action in the treatment of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) are unknown. The pharmacodynamic substance and mechanism of action of Japanese Ardisia in the treatment of AIH were in...
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Eleven highly oxidized withanolides, chantriolides F–P (1–11), together with six known analogues (12–17), were isolated from the rhizomes of Tacca chantrieri. Their structures were established on the basis of comprehensive spectroscopic data analysis and comparison with published NMR data, and their absolute configurations were further confirmed by...
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Free heme in plasma acts as a prooxidant; thus, it is bound to hemopexin and eliminated by the liver. High iron content in the liver can support Plasmodium growth and cause oxidative liver injury. Inversely, the withholding of excessive iron can inhibit this growth and protect the liver against malaria infection. This study examined the effects of...
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Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disease, and until now, it remains an incurable disease. Therefore, the development of new drugs or agents that ameliorate the disease will have marketing potential. Taiwanofungus camphoratus (TC) is a specific fungus in Taiwan. It is demonstrated to have anticancer, anti-inflammation, and hepatoprotective effects....
Article
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Neohesperidin (hesperetin 7-O-neohesperidoside), a well-known flavanone glycoside widely found in citrus fruits, exhibits a variety of biological activities, with potential applications ranging from food ingredients to therapeutics. The purpose of this manuscript is to provide a comprehensive overview of the chemical, biosynthesis, and pharmacokine...
Chapter
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Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is one of the greatest gifts of natural medicine and the oldest medicinal herbs that is cultivated all over the world. It is a widely used spice plant with well-known medicinal properties. Garlic is an important raw material of plant origin with observed and proven positive effects on the human body. A. sativum L. belongs...
Article
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Malva sylvestris is a plant commonly found in Europe, Asia, and Africa. The leaves and flowers of this plant have been used for centuries in traditional medicine to treat various ailments such as cough, cold, diarrhoea, and constipation. Google Scholar, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science were used to search for relevant material on the phytochemica...
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Context The liver is the organ by which the majority of substances are metabolized, including psychotropic drugs. Lithium (Li) used as drug for many neurological disorders such as bipolar disorders. Objective This study aims to assess lithium toxicity and to evaluate the hepatic-protective properties of a grape skin seed and extract (GSSE). Mater...
Article
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Aluminum (Al) is an important factor in the environment as it is used in agriculture and several industries leading to hazardous effects via oxidative stress. Bromelain is a cheap extract from the byproduct waste of Ananas comosus stem. It has been used in several biological and therapeutic applications. So, this study was undertaken to assess the...
Article
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The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing as obesity and diabetes become more common. There are no drugs approved for NAFLD yet. Qige decoction (QGD), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, is used for NAFLD and hyperlipidemia treatment in TCM and has shown hypolipidemic and hepatoprotective effects. This study...
Article
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Rhaponticum uniflorum (L.) DC. (syn. Leuzea uniflora (L.) Holub) is a plant species of the Compositae (Asteraceae) family that is widely used in Asian traditional medicines in China, Siberia, and Mongolia as an anti-inflammatory and stimulant remedy. Currently, R. uniflorum is of scientific interest to chemists, biologists, and pharmacologists, and...
Article
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Hepatoprotectors are compounds or substances that have efficacy to protect liver cells against toxic substances result in liver damage. Liver damage caused by various factors, such as: viruses, bacteria, drugs that directly damage liver cells (such as acetaminophen, etc.), hypersensitivity reactions, hepatotoxic chemicals, toxins in food and pollut...
Article
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Methotrexate (MTX) is one of the most widely used cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents, and it is used in the treatment of different autoimmune disorders. However, the clinical applications of MTX are limited by its hepatic toxicity. Hence, the present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of fasudil (Rho-Kinase inhibitor) in the amelioration o...
Preprint
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Pinostrobin was used in traditional medication for management of numerous syndromes. In the current study, histology, immunohistochemistry, and hepatoprotection effects of Pinostrobin were assessed against thioacetamide (TAA) hepatotoxicity in rats. Thirty rats were arbitrarily separated into five groups. Group 1 was intraperitoneally (i.p) injecte...
Poster
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Bixa orellana L. (family Bixaceae), popularly known as “Achiote or Annatto,” has been used by indigenous communities in Brazil and other tropical countries for several biological applications, which indicates its potential use as an active ingredient in pharmaceutical products. Bixa orellana is a neotropical fast-growing perennial tree of great agr...
Preprint
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Pinostrobin was used in traditional medication for management of numerous syndromes. In the current study, histology, immunohistochemistry, and hepatoprotection effects of Pinostrobin were assessed against thioacetamide (TAA) hepatotoxicity in rats. Thirty rats were arbitrarily separated into five groups. Group 1 was intraperitoneally (i.p) injecte...
Article
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Tuberculosis in children is a global health problem that decreases the quality of life of children. Based on data from the Indonesian Ministry of Health in 2016, nearly 69.000 children had tuberculosis and the case keeps increasing every year. Moringa oleifera leaf nanoemulsion syrup has immunonutrition and hepatoprotectant effects in children with...
Article
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Background: Rosmarinic acid (RA) has biological and pharmaceutical properties and shows hepatoprotective potential. However, the hepatoprotective mechanism of RA needs to be further elucidated in vivo and in vitro. Objective: This study was aimed to evaluate the protective effect of RA on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver injury and elucida...