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Heart Attack - Science topic

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Background Long-term hypertension control prevents heart attacks and other cardiovascular diseases, yet implementation is insufficient worldwide. The redesign of hypertension management by information and communication technology (ICT) improved hypertension control, e.g., by transmission of blood pressure (BP) measurements to a central webspace. Ho...
Article
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Particulate matter is emitted from diverse sources and affect the human health very badly. Dust particles exposure from the stated environment can affect our heart and lungs very badly. The particle pollution exposure creates a variety of problems including nonfatal heart attacks, premature deaths in people with lung or heart disease, asthma, diffi...
Article
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One of the most pervasive environmental dangers to humans is noise. It has detrimental effects on a person's health, including tinnitus, heart attacks, cardiovascular illness, and hearing problems. A noise prediction model, traffic noise data, and 3D geographic data are all necessary for noise mapping. Smart noise mapping uses crowdsourced mobile a...
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Objective: To explore the association of sleep characteristics with cardiovascular disease (CVD) using self-reported questionnaires. Material and methods: 957 adults between 19 and 86 years old were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The participants were classified into three groups [short (<6h), normal (6-8h), and long (>8h) sleepers] by...
Article
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Background Bisphenol F (BPF) and bisphenol S (BPS) have replaced bisphenol A (BPA) in the manufacturing of products containing polycarbonates and epoxy resins; however, the effects of these substitutes on the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), including congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, heart attack, and stroke,...
Article
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Background ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in young male patients accounts for a significant proportion of total heart attack events. Therefore, clinical awareness and screening for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in asymptomatic patients at a young age is required. The gut microbiome is potentially involved in the pathogenesis...
Article
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Background Hypertension is a serious condition that is spread worldwide and may lead to severe complications such as heart attack, stroke, hypertensive retinopathy, and renal failure. Although some genetic and environmental risk factors are known to play a role in the etiology of hypertension, like most of the other multi-factorial diseases, its et...
Article
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The survival rate of adrenal Cushing syndrome patients has been greatly increased because of the availability of appropriate surgical and pharmacological treatments. Nevertheless, increased possibility of a heart attack induced by a cardiovascular event remains a major risk factor for the survival of affected patients. In experimental studies, hype...
Article
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Background: High blood pressure increases the risk for significant health issues including heart attack and stroke. According to studies, the tribal population in India is likewise going through a transformation and has increasing prevalence of high blood pressure. Therefore, this study was done with the objective to determine the proportion of hyp...
Article
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Heart failure (HF) is a serious condition in which the heart fails to supply the body with enough oxygen and nutrients to function normally. Early and accurate detection of heart failure is critical for impeding disease progression. An electrocardiogram (ECG) is a test that records the rhythm and electrical activity of the heart and is used to dete...
Article
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Cardiovascular disorders are one of the most common and complex disorders across the world. According to the sector fitness association, one of the top 10 important reasons for death is heart ailment. Accurate and timely identity is a critical stage in rehabilitation and remedy. A device that is capable of predicting the prevalence, is essential fo...
Article
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Objective The purpose of the study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of undiagnosed type 2 diabetes (UT2D) among adults (aged 18 years and older) in Iraq. Design Cross-sectional, population-based study. Setting Nationally representative sample of general community-dwelling adult population in Iraq from the 2015 Iraq STEPS survey. Parti...
Article
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Background Internationally, stroke and cardiac rehabilitation clinicians agree that current cardiac rehabilitation models are a suitable secondary prevention program for people following a transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or mild stroke. There is strong evidence for exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in people with heart disease, however, the ev...
Article
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Heart attacks are a highly prevalent and often life-threatening disease in modern society. Numerous studies have now shown that many biomarkers in blood have been identified as markers for the detection of heart attack and some are widely used in clinical practice, including protein-based and nucleic acid-based markers. With further research into t...
Article
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Objective: To detect the potential association between dietary live microbe and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Methods: Data of 10,875 participants aged 18 years or older in this study were collected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Participants in this study were divided into three groups according to the Sand...
Article
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As per World Health Organization, noncommunicable diseases such as untimely birth, heart attacks, diabetes, and cancers are on the upswing. Diet intake that is insufficient or improper is known to cause a wide range of well-being illnesses. Due to the complexity of food components and a large number of dietary sources, it is difficult to select die...
Chapter
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The cardiovascular system (CVS) is made up of heart, blood vessels and blood. The fundamental function of the CVS is to transport substances to and from all parts of the body. The heart is the major pumping organ, pressurizing blood for circulation through the blood vessels and blood is propelled away from the heart in the arteries and returns to t...
Article
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Background/Purpose: We have seen an increase in coronary heart disease and heart attack risk in recent years. This is a case study on Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, Bengaluru to get a better understanding of the heart related ailments and their related symptoms. The hospital specializes in cardiology, cardiothoracic...
Article
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Background/Purpose: We have seen an increase in coronary heart disease and heart attack risk in recent years. This is a case study on Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, Bengaluru to get a better understanding of the heart related ailments and their related symptoms. The hospital specializes in cardiology, cardiothoracic...
Article
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This study estimated the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, cardiometabolic (CM) risk factors, and cardiovascular health metrics (CVHMs) among US adults and across race/ethnicity groups. The study comprised 8370 US adults aged ≥ 20 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011–2018, free of coro...
Article
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Background and objective To investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on non-COVID-19 deaths in Mexico. Methods This study analyzes monthly administrative data on 15 different causes of death in Mexico from 2017 to 2020. The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on non-COVID-19 deaths are conducted using a difference-in-differences methodology an...
Article
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Class IC antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) currently represent a cornerstone in the therapy of atrial fibrillation, both for the restoration of sinus rhythm and for the prophylaxis of long-term relapses. They also play an important role in the treatment of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias. Following the results of the Cardiac Arrhythmia Suppression Tri...
Article
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The microvascular disease represents a widespread clinical entity in the general population, especially among women. The dysfunction of the microcirculation is often responsible for myocardial ischaemia and angina in the absence of significant stenosis of the epicardial district, while in other cases it can represent a contributing cause of angina...
Article
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Cardiovascular diseases require extensive diagnostic tests and frequent physician visits. With the advance in signal processing and sensor technology, now it is possible to acquire vital signs from the human body and process the signal to extract features necessary to primarily diagnose symptoms of cardiovascular disease early. This can help preven...
Article
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Most people worldwide, irrespective of their age, are suffering from massive cardiac arrest. To detect heart attacks early, many researchers worked on the clinical datasets collected from different open-source datasets like PubMed and UCI repository. However, most of these datasets have collected nearly 13 to 147 raw attributes in textual format an...
Article
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The rise in non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has been attributed to economic growth in developing countries, shifts in societal norms, and behaviors such as dietary habits and physical activity. Up to 80% of NCDs could be prevented by eliminating shared risk factors, mainly tobacco use, unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, and the harmful use of a...
Article
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The Coronavirus pandemic is a recent and dangerous sickness, that has affected approximately 100 million individuals globally. It has appeared in many strains and has claimed more than 6.31 million deaths worldwide since 2019 to now. Due to the scarcity of research, the current study sought to establish a correlation between persons after healing f...
Article
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Background Many challenges are posed by the experience of a heart attack or heart surgery which can be characterised as ‘cardiac distress’. It spans multiple psychosocial domains incorporating patients’ responses to physical, affective, cognitive, behavioural and social symptoms and experiences related to their cardiac event and their recovery. Alt...
Preprint
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High dimensional predictive models of Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACE), which includes heart attack (AMI), stroke, and death caused by cardiovascular disease (CVD), were built using four longitudinal cohorts of Veterans Administration (VA) patients created from VA medical records. We considered 247 variables / risk factors measured across 7.5 ye...
Preprint
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Background Despite the advantages of surgery, it can trigger cardiac events; including heart attacks, heart failure, heart rhythm disturbances, and death. Previous research has shown that out of patients who were never admitted to critical care, nearly three-quarters died after surgery suggesting that their risk was unrecognized. Methods Data from...
Article
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The current study shows the patterns of lifestyle and human health. However, health and lifestyle are deeply interconnected in various ways. Human health is defined as the complete freeness of any physical and mental illness while lifestyle is a way of living with specific characteristics and social conditions. Moreover, people's lifestyles are dom...
Article
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Introduction: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Cardiac calcium calcification scoring (CAC) is an imaging test that helps physicians classify asymptomatic people as low, intermediate, or high risk for heart attack. This study aimed to identify the association between macronutrient intake, physi...
Article
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An increase in permeability of the mitochondrial inner membrane, mitochondrial permeability transition (PT), is the central event responsible for cell death and tissue damage in conditions such as stroke and heart attack. PT is caused by the cyclosporin A (CSA)-dependent calcium-induced pore, the permeability transition pore (PTP). The molecular de...
Article
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During the SARS-COV2 pandemic (COVID-19) many studies have examined changes in women's stress, depression/anxiety, reproduction, plus post-vaccination cycle/flow changes1. Although there are retrospective basal temperature data2, we lack menstrual cycle and ovulation information during the pandemic. This analysis compared two independent, similar-d...
Article
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Cholesterol is a type of lipid found in the body that aids in the digestion of food and is required for the formation of hormones. Even yet, increased levels in the blood can raise the risk of coronary heart attacks. Medicinal plants, in addition to pharmacological therapy, can be used to prevent levels from rising. Lemongrass (Cymbopogon nardus (L...
Research
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In this article the following are presented and some amazing consequences are shown: 1) Formal rules for using the nNL are presented explicitly, using physical examples, to provide the foundation of a Calculus of Quantization. This calculus becomes the approximate calculus of infinitesimals when Aleph approaches Aleph (+infinity). 2) It is again...
Article
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According to the World Health Organization, cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality worldwide, killing an estimated 17.9 million people each year. Cardiovascular diseases include coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, rheumatic heart disease, and various heart and blood vessel issues. Heart attacks and strokes kill four...
Preprint
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Cardiovascular activities are directly related to the response of a body in a stressed condition. Stress, based on its intensity, can be divided into two types i.e. Acute stress (short-term stress) and Chronic stress (long-term stress). Repeated acute stress and continuous chronic stress may play a vital role in inflammation in the circulatory syst...
Article
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Having high blood pressure is a serious medical condition, making it difficult for the heart to pump blood, which boosts the risk of diseases including heart attacks, early mortality, renal, and brain-related problems. This research makes an effort to analyse gender differences in hypertension prevalence across India as well as the prevalence of th...
Article
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Sudden blockage of arteries supplying the heart muscle contributes to millions of heart attacks (myocardial infarction, MI) around the world. Although re-opening these arteries (reperfusion) saves MI patients from immediate death, approximately 50% of these patients go on to develop chronic heart failure (CHF) and die within a 5-year period; howeve...
Article
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Cardiovascular disease includes coronary artery diseases (CAD), which include angina and myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack), and coronary heart diseases (CHD), which are marked by the buildup of a waxy material called plaque inside the coronary arteries. Heart attacks are still the main cause of death worldwide, and if not tre...
Article
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Introduction Data on willingness to participate in population-based long-COVID studies are sparse. We invited all citizens of Essen aged 18-74 years with a positive SARS-CoV-2 PCR test between Mar-Aug 2020 and assessed COVID-related symptoms in responders ∼1.5 years after infection. Methods The invited population included 1282 infected citizens (4...
Article
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Background Demographic changes have occurred worldwide during the recent decades, with an increasing proportion of the elderly in the society, leading to higher average age of the population. Older people are more likely to suffer from different chronic diseases, and higher consumption of healthcare services and, thus, posing additional burden and...
Article
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Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death, globally. Stroke and heart attacks account for more than 80% of cardiovascular disease-related deaths. To prevent patient mismanagement and potentially save lives, effective screening at an early stage is needed. Diagnosis is typically made using an electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis. However, E...
Article
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Background: Cardiovascular diseases are a common and increasing number of deaths in developing and developed countries. Heart diseases are considered chronic and affect blood flow that leads to a number of psychological issues. Cardiac issues cause a major disturbance in the quality of life of the patient. Objective: To find out the relationship am...
Article
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Atherosclerosis, one of the leading causes of death in USA and worldwide, begins with a lesion in the intima of the arterial wall, allowing LDL to penetrate into the intima where they are oxidized. The immune system considers these oxidized LDL as a dangerous substance and tasks the macrophages to attack them; incapacitated macrophages become foam...
Article
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Wireless body sensor networks may be defined as an aggregate of smart sensor nodes that are deployed in the human body primarily for remote health monitoring purposes. These characterize systems that monitor the daily routine activities of the host without having any adverse effect on the health of or hinder the activities of the individual. Such n...
Presentation
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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS and CONGRATULATION Junior of the World Academy of Medical Sciences Member WAMS National Committee from Moldova IRINA VASILIEVA for successful neuroresuscitation of Acute Brain Infarction Сoma, Сerebral Edema and Intravascular Disseminated Coagulation in the context of the second epidemic in the world, complications of cardiovascular...
Article
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Inflammation characterizes all stages of atherothrombosis and provides a critical pathophysiological link between plaque formation and its acute rupture, leading to coronary occlusion and heart attack. In the last 20 years the possibility of quantifying the degree of inflammation of atherosclerotic plaques and, therefore, also of vascular inflammat...
Article
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Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Eighty-five percent of CVD-associated deaths are due to heart attacks and stroke. Atherosclerosis leads to heart attack and stroke through a slow progression of lesion formation and luminal narrowing of arteries. Dogs are similar to humans in terms of their cardiovascul...
Article
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According to research, exposing a person to a magnetic field enhances blood flow and minimizes their risk of suffering a heart attack. Ferrohydrodynamics is the study of fluid motion mechanics that is affected by strong magnetic polarisation forces (FHD). Ferrofluids may transmit heat in a variety of ways by using magnetic fluids. This behaviour is...
Article
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Kodo millet is a crop that can withstand severe droughts. Of all the edible grains, it is the coarsest. The Kodo millet is also called ditch millet, cow grass, and rice grass. Kodo millets are suitable for people who are gluten intolerant because they don't contain gluten. Because it has a higher level of lecithin, which is important for the health...
Article
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Acute myocardial infarction (AMI), commonly known as a heart attack, is a life-threatening condition that causes millions of deaths every year. In this study, a transistor-based biosensor is developed for rapid and sensitive detection of cardiac troponin-I (cTnI), a diagnostic biomarker of AMI. A biosensing technique based on a field effect transis...
Article
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The joint effect of electronic cigarette smoking and insufficient sleep duration on cardiovascular disease (CVD) was unclear. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the association between electronic cigarettes, sleep duration, and risk of CVD among American adults. The participants who completed the survey from the behavioral risk factor sur...
Article
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Atherosclerosis is the underlying cause of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and is interrelated to stroke, heart attack, and heart failure. The Mediterranean Diet (MedDiet) has been closely associated with reduced CVD morbidity and mortality, but research is not well explored for this relationship in individuals with diabetes (who experience greater C...
Article
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Noise exposure has reached an alarming degree over the years because of rapid growth in the industry, transportation, and urbanization. Therefore, it is a dire need to provide awareness of the sources and mitigation strategies of noise, and to highlight the health, and socioeconomic impacts of noise. A few research studies have documented this emer...
Article
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Blockage of blood flow due to cholesterol deposits at the arterial wall, known as stenosis, can lead to conditions such as heart attack and stroke. Treatment such as balloon angioplasty involves the catheterization of an artery where a stented catheter is inflated at the stenosis site to open the narrowed artery. The catheterization of the stenosed...
Article
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Heartbeat and body temperature are vital sign parameters for paramedics in strengthening the diagnosis of a disease. Medical staff generally use an electrocardiogram and thermometer to check the heart rate and body temperature. These tools are still manual and require concentration to get accurate values. This examination system is less useful beca...
Article
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Diabetes is one of the biggest health problems that affect millions of people across the world. Uncontrolled diabetes can increase the risk of heart attack, cancer, kidney damage, blindness, and other illnesses. Researchers are motivated to create a Machine Learning methodology that can predict diabetes in the future. Exploiting Machine Learning Al...
Preprint
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Background Social-economic factors and health behaviours may be driving variation in ethnic health inequalities in multimorbidity including among distinct ethnic groups. Methods Using the cross-sectional nationally-representative Health Surveys for England 2011-2018 (N=54,438, aged 16+), we carried out multivariable logistic regression on the odds...
Article
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The present study aims to estimate the effects of PM2.5 on the health and economy of Karaj city from 2012 to 2019. In this study, mortality attributed to long-term exposure to PM2.5 and its spatial distribution in Karaj over the 2012–2019 period were estimated using the Global Exposure Mortality Model (GEMM) concentration–response function and BenM...
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Although growing evidence suggests that N,N-diethyl- m- toluamide (DEET) has adverse effects on public health, the relationship of DEET with cardiovascular disease (CVD) is still largely unknown. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to evaluate the association between DEET exposure and total and specific CVD among the US adults. In this cross-...