Science topic

Health Promotion - Science topic

Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Filters
All publications are displayed by default. Use this filter to view only publications with full-texts.
Publications related to Health Promotion (10,000)
Sorted by most recent
Article
Full-text available
المستخلص هدفت الدراسة إلى: دراسة العلاقة بين أبعاد التسويق الاجتماعي و تغيير السلوك الصحي لطلاب جامعة عين شمس باستخدام حملة الوقاية أصل الحكاية. منهج الدراسة: اعتمدت الدراسة في تصميمها على المنهج الوصفي التحليلي لعلاقات السبب والنتيجة المحتملة بين المتغيرات. منهجية الدراسة: تم توزيع استمارات الاستقصاء على عينة الدراسة والمكونة من (384) مفردة من طلا...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Message from the Guest Editor Prof. Dr. Filipe Prazeres: Primary care services play an important role in preventing ill health, both physically and mentally, not only of our patients and their families but also of migrants and refugees. The purpose of this Special Issue is to gather recent research that shows the importance of primary care service...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has unmasked even more clearly the need for research and care to form a unique and interdependent ecosystem, a concept which has emerged in recent years. In fact, to address urgent and unexpected missions such as “fighting all together the COVID-19 pandemic”, the importance of multi-stakeholder collaboration, mission-oriented...
Article
Full-text available
Background In many countries, policy makers and practitioners turn to prejudice reduction programs and interventions to tackle prejudice in the community. However, successfully addressing prejudice requires an effective intervention that can scale to match the broad span of the problem. The scalability assessment frameworks from health sciences hav...
Article
Full-text available
Background The pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has changed human behavior in areas such as contact patterns and mask-wearing frequency. Exploring human–human contact patterns and mask-wearing habits in high-risk groups is an essential step in fully understanding the transmission of respiratory infection-based diseases. This study ha...
Article
Full-text available
This Perspective discusses the use of fear appeals in promoting health behaviour. The discussion establishes that fear appeal-based public health messages (i.e. public health messages that emphasise the consequences of failing to engage in a particular health behaviour) have two components (1) perceived threat and (2) perceived efficacy. A perceive...
Article
Full-text available
Background Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are major and growing burden on population health and the use and cost of healthcare in EU Member States and beyond. Different countries face many common challenges in public health and can learn from each other. The exchange of ‘best practices’ is one way to tackle the observed disparities in health sect...
Article
Full-text available
There have been sustained global efforts to promote the uptake of COVID-19 vaccines, yet studies suggest the upsurge of vaccine resistance around the world. Considering the wide adoption of social media as crucial sources of health information, the nature of popular online debates on vaccination initiatives can significantly sway people's vaccine-r...
Article
Full-text available
Consumer interest in genetic and genomic testing is growing rapidly, with more than 26 million Americans having purchased direct-to-consumer genetic testing services. Capitalizing on the increasing comfort of consumers with genetic testing outside the clinical environment, commercial vendors are expanding their customer base by marketing genetic an...
Article
Full-text available
Background It is of great challenge to raise the public coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) related health literacy (CRHL) in impoverished regions due to the limits of poor infrastructure, large proportion of vulnerable groups, etc. However, those limits cannot be solved in the short term. Therefore, this study chose Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefect...
Article
Full-text available
Photovoice is documented as an inclusive and empowering research method that amplifies the voice of marginalised groups. However, in feminist photovoice projects with women, many studies make claims about empowerment, but the claims are seldom evaluated or evidenced. Our photovoice research focused on identity and inclusion of women with physical d...
Article
Full-text available
Much health communication during the COVID-19 pandemic has been designed to persuade people more than to inform them. For example, messages like “masks save lives” are intended to compel people to wear face masks, not to enable them to make an informed decision about whether to wear a face mask or to understand the justification for a mask mandate....
Chapter
Full-text available
There has been increasing interesting research and consumption of I. paraguariensis products, which are highly associated with scientific consolidation about the high concentration of beneficial bioactive compounds with functional properties. They include anti-inflammatory, anti-obesogenic, antimutagenic, antibacterial and antiviral capacity, as we...
Article
Full-text available
Many contemporary urban environments are not self-sufficient with the physical and mental characteristics of the residents. Proper and purposeful design of urban environments can reduce the risks to health. The rivers of urban valleys and their open spaces are our natural and national wealth and heritage. Their value in urban plans remains unknown....
Article
Full-text available
Background Promoting physical activity (PA) participation in older adults is important for preserving quality of life and functional independence. Co-design has been shown to increase engagement of end-users in health-related policies and interventions. This scoping review aimed to examine how co-design has been used to develop PA interventions for...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Landscapes promote health and have a therapeutic effect on people. These effects can stem from multiple factors, including the tranquillity that a landscape exudes. In this respect, it is reasonable to nuture such effects and to preserve landscapes that provide an atmosphere of tranquillity. For this purpose, however, it is necessary to identify an...
Article
Full-text available
Background Mothers and babies with gestational diabetes have an increased risk of diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular complications. Breastfeeding is known to help reduce complications in mothers and babies with gestational diabetes. However, the rate of breastfeeding among mothers with gestational diabetes is still low due to various barriers. T...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Schools underwent massive changes during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic worldwide. Besides existing occupational health challenges, teachers had to deal with biological and psychological burdens that had the potential to impact their psychological well-being. The aim of the present study was to (i) assess the current state of psychological bur...
Article
Full-text available
Dental caries is one of the most common childhood diseases. Dental caries can be prevented by maintaining proper oral health. Government of India has launched Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) on 2nd October 1975. Anganwadi workers are community based voluntary frontline workers of the ICDS program. As oral health is an integral componen...
Article
Full-text available
Background Prevention of musculoskeletal disorders as one of the most common occupational health problems among the working population in both developed and developing countries is an important necessity and priority. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational intervention program based on the Health Belief Model (HBM...
Article
Full-text available
Background The Olympic Games represent an opportunity to create a ‘physical activity legacy’ that promotes physical activity at the population level in the host nations and cities. However, previous studies showed little increase in population-level physical activity following the Olympics. The upsurge of public interest in sports and physical acti...
Article
Full-text available
Studies have indicated that participation in physical activity (PA) enhances health, life satisfaction and expectancy. In contrast, physical inactivity (PI) has been identified as the fourth risk factor for global mortality. The current study investigated PA and PI levels in Greek older adults. It examined various demographic, PA, PI and other heal...
Article
Full-text available
This paper form parts of a series of papers which have been requested by a number of colleagues to help them understand sustainability as it relates to dentistry. This paper focuses on energy and how the dental team can influence the amount and type of energy it uses, in order to become more sustainable. It is the author's hope that this paper stim...
Article
Full-text available
Parenting education interventions and parenting programs are important for health promotion efforts among children and families; however, the majority of parenting programs are directed towards and attended by mothers. This is problematic because research has consistently demonstrated that fathers’ active participation in the family can have a posi...
Article
Full-text available
Vaccination is a vital component in the battle against outbreaks of infectious diseases. Recognizing parents’ reluctance to vaccinate their children is even more critical now, given the ongoing threat of a COVID-19 pandemic. Conspiracy theories, vaccination safety concerns, parental efficacy and risk perception, and a lack of confidence in science...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Body mass index (BMI) has a strong correlation with chronic diseases and all-cause mortality. However, few studies have previously reported the longitudinal transition of BMI status and its influential factors, especially among Chinese middle-aged and older adults. Methods This population-based cohort study involved 6,507 participants...
Book
Full-text available
El Decreto 4108 de 2011, establece que es función de la Dirección General de Riesgos Profesionales del Ministerio del Trabajo (hoy Dirección General de Riesgos Laborales) diseñar las políticas, normas, estrategias, programas y proyectos para el desarrollo del sistema general de riesgos profesionales (hoy riesgos laborales). La promoción de la segu...
Article
Full-text available
The environment may be an important influence on adolescent behaviour. We combined accelerometry and global positioning system data to investigate how the environment was related to physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Adolescents spent most of their time in very close proximity to a range of both health-promoting and health-constraining feat...
Article
Full-text available
Background Building community capacity in secondary schools is a promising strategy for the sustainable implementation of school-based health promotion. The Fit Lifestyle at School and at Home (FLASH) intervention explored how building community capacity works for the prevention of overweight following four strategies: leadership, participatory sch...
Article
Full-text available
The Maternal and Child Health workforce, public health practitioners, researchers, and other groups need clear, practical guidance on how to promote health equity in the communities they serve. The National Maternal and Child Health Workforce Development Center’s Health Equity Team synthesized eight approaches for promoting health equity that drew...
Research
Full-text available
Cette étude, qualitative, repose sur huit entretiens semi-directifs menés auprès de formateurs en promotion de la santé spécialisés dans le développement des compétences psycho-sociales (CPS). L'objectif de ce travail a été d'étudier les conditions et les contraintes du développement des CPS en milieu éducatif et scolaire, en particulier, les post...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to analyze the role of bots in the dissemination of health information, both in favor of and opposing vaccination against COVID-19. Study design: An observational, retrospective, time-limited study was proposed, in which activity on the social network Twitter was analyzed. Methods: Data related to pro-vaccination and anti-vaccinatio...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To provide us with some evidence to develop more targeted stroke intervention strategies, improve the health awareness of stroke among children, and advocate the health promotion campaign of “small hands holding big hands” among parents and children, we have conducted a health education program on stroke among primary school students in...
Article
Full-text available
To compare age at 1st ischaemic stroke (IS) in a cohort of juvenile (< 46 years of age) IS patients evaluated for the rs1801133 polymorphism (C → T677) of the methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene; to identify predictors of age at IS and of type of cerebral vessel involvement, small vessel disease (SVD) vs large vessel disease (LVD) res...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Soziale Kontakte nehmen im Alter stetig ab. Kritische Lebensereignisse, gesundheitliche Einschränkungen oder weite Entfernungen zu Familienmitgliedern bedingen diese Entwicklung. Um in dieser Lebensphase möglichen Gefühlen der Einsamkeit entgegen zu wirken, engagieren sich Ältere mitunter in der Freiwilligenarbeit. So b...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to spatially examine the distribution of establishments for the acquisition of food that is ready to consume around the Health Academy Program (PAS) in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, according to the Municipal Human Development Index (IDH-M).This is an ecological study with the PAS as the unit of analysis. The estab...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To verify the association between perceived discrimination in health services and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in older Brazilian adults. Methods In this cross-sectional study, it was analyzed the baseline data from the “Longitudinal Study of the Health of Elderly Brazilians” (ELSI-Brazil), which included a representative...
Article
Full-text available
Problem: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic posed a major workforce challenge to Brazil, which has a large land area and a shortage of health workers in regions distant from the big cities. Approach: The Brazilian health ministry implemented a computerized solution to provide rapid support to states and municipalities to hire healt...
Article
Full-text available
Classroom-based physical activity represents a paradigm shift in education and has been understudied in secondary school. The purpose of this study was to explore secondary school teachers' experiences of classroom-based physical activity with an emphasis on physically active learning. Six 9th grade teachers were interviewed. Giorgi's descriptive p...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The purpose of this study was to discover patterns of social participation among Chinese older individuals, investigate the links between these patterns and their living arrangements and mental health, and connect these patterns to their background characteristics. Methods Data were drawn from the 2014 and 2018 waves of Chinese Longitud...
Article
Full-text available
Aim International comparisons of public health measures relative to observed best practice are increasingly important for evaluating community health promotion strategies and policies such as meeting or not meeting public health guidelines. This study aimed to identify methods enabling robust evaluation with such binary effect measures at a populat...
Article
Full-text available
While many higher-education institutions dramatically altered their operations and helped mitigate COVID-19 transmission on campuses, these efforts were rarely fully extended to surrounding communities. A community pandemic-response program was launched in a college town that deployed epidemiological infection-control measures and health behavior c...
Article
Full-text available
Smartphone usage has brought great convenience to our daily life. However, the detrimental consequences of smartphone dependence also require special attention. Based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB), this study designed a questionnaire to investigate college students’ withdrawal from smartphone dependence. The reliability and validity of th...
Article
Full-text available
Background Since 2015, the German Prevention Act has obligated social security agencies to support prevention and health promotion in the university setting, particularly for students, through measures and structural development in terms of content and funding. The German Network for Health Promoting Universities took part in these processes and as...
Article
Full-text available
Lay summary The need to develop new treatments to prevent unprompted premature delivery before 37 weeks of pregnancy remains pressing and unmet. Bacteria ( Lactobacillus species) that promote vaginal health produce biochemical compounds that prevent the growth of microbes such as Gardnerella vaginalis . Overgrowth of G. vaginalis can cause vaginal...
Article
Full-text available
Background Social support and self-efficacy are important factors to improve negative emotions such as depression and anxiety in patients with prostate cancer after surgery; however, little is known about the relationship between them. The objective of the study was to comprehensively explore the relationship between social support, self-efficacy,...
Article
Full-text available
Public health and health inequality have been widely researched as they are essential for human development and social justice. Although factors influencing public health and health inequality have been explored, an integrated and comprehensive analysis of social, economic, and environmental indicators’ effects on public health and health inequalit...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Obesity is the most prevalent pediatric disease worldwide. The involvement of medical students as peer-led health promotors in a multidisciplinary adolescent weight management program may enhance weight management while raising awareness of medical students about adolescent obesity. This study aimed to analyze the short- and long-term...
Article
Full-text available
Worldwide responses to the COVID-19 pandemic have shown that it is possible for politicians to come together across departmental boundaries. To this end, in many countries, heads of government and their health ministers work closely with all other ministries, departments, and sectors, including social affairs, internal affairs, foreign affairs, res...
Article
Full-text available
Health stability is directly proportional to homeostatic stability. Overall efficiency of our body, both at rest and during physical activity, is the product of homeostasis. Human body is a magnificent interconnection and collaboration of various specialized cells and organs, capable of naturally obstructing and overcoming diseases with optimal sur...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Positive Effekte von achtsamkeitsbasierten Programmen im Kontext Schule wurden bereits vielfältig belegt. Das in dieser Studie evaluierte Konzept Achtsamkeit in der Schule (AISCHU) richtet sich an Lehrkräfte und SchülerInnen und soll deren Stresswahrnehmung und Selbstregulationsfähigkeit schulen. Im Fokus dieser explora...
Article
Full-text available
Cultural background influences how migrants and ethnic minority populations view and assess health. Poor oral health literacy (OHL) may be a hindrance in achieving good oral health. This systematic review summarizes the current quantitative evidence regarding OHL of migrants and ethnic minority populations. The PubMed database was searched for orig...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund In Kommunen wird die Gesundheit der Bewohner*innen durch Lebensumstände geschützt, gefördert oder gefährdet. Kommunale Gesundheitsförderung (KoGeFö) findet in und mit der Kommune statt. In der Kommune konzentrieren sich Programme und Maßnahmen auf Endpunkte der Morbidität und Mortalität. Die Krankheitslast soll reduzier...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Um mit den zunehmenden Belastungen und Herausforderungen umgehen zu können, wird Gesundheitskompetenz (GK) im Alltag und Arbeitskontext immer wichtiger. Ziel der Arbeit Das Ziel dieser Arbeit ist es, eine Analyse der selbsteingeschätzten GK der Mitarbeitenden eines Unternehmens der verarbeitenden Metallindustrie durchz...
Article
Full-text available
El artículo aborda la incidencia de los problemas de salud mental de la población adolescente, los cuales se han visto agravados sig-nificativamente durante la pandemia. Se reflejan los principales factores que pueden contribuir a los trastornos de salud mental en esta etapa, la cual se convierte en un periodo crucial para el de-sarrollo de hábitos...
Article
Full-text available
Wie bekomme ich Mitarbeiter im Rahmen der Betrieblichen Gesundheitsförderung dazu, sich gesünder zu ernähren (zum Beispiel ihren Fleischkonsum zu reduzieren), sich mehr zu bewegen oder sich regelmäßigeren ärztlichen Untersuchungen zu unterziehen? Wie gelingt es, die Bevölkerung davon zu überzeugen, sich gegen Covid-19 impfen zu lassen? Wie lassen s...
Book
Full-text available
Estratégias de promoção de saúde são complexas e necessitam de atenção dos profissionais no planejamento de intervenções inovadoras, que de fato contribuam para melhorar a saúde e a qualidade de vida da população a que se destina. Esta obra, de quatro capítulos, discute uma temática fundamental para transformações das práticas de saúde na área do E...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Vaccination has been appraised to be one of the most significant public health achievements in human history. However, in countries like Nigeria, vaccine hesitancy is a public health challenge that has consistently forestalled concerted efforts made by health authorities to curb the spread of communicable diseases such as COVID‑...
Article
Full-text available
In the processing of rhythmic gymnastics resources, there are inefficiency problems such as confusion of teaching resources and lack of individuation. To improve the health access to teaching resource data, such as videos and documents, this study proposes a cloud computing-based personalized rhythmic gymnastics teaching resource classification alg...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Effective use of health technology may offer a scalable solution to the obesity pandemic. Online digital programmes provide a convenient and flexible way for more people to access regular support. This service evaluation aims to determine whether adults accessing an online weight management programme via a national campaign are successful...
Article
Full-text available
Background Involving consumers in the development and assessment of mass media campaigns has been advocated, though research is still lacking. This study aimed to explore opinions and attitudes of citizens, health professionals, communication professionals, and digital influencers regarding the development and implementation of healthy eating promo...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund und Ziel Als „Generation Y“ werden jüngere Erwachsene bezeichnet, die im ungefähren Zeitraum von 1980–2000 geboren wurden. Der Generation wird zugeschrieben, digital affin und technisch versiert zu sein. Somit kann davon ausgegangen werden, dass bei diesen Menschen ein verstärkter Wunsch besteht, im Bedarfsfall digitale...
Article
Full-text available
Violence against women is a violation of human rights and a form of discrimination against women. Healthcare services play a key role in the care of women exposed to violence, and father involvement in delivery and childcare can reduce intimate partner violence and has positive effects during pre and post-natal care. Our study aims to assess attitu...
Article
Full-text available
La vivencia, el estudio, el disfrute y la proyección social del juego y el juguete, permea las diferentes etapas de la vida y desde la perspectiva del adulto mayor merece una especial atención, más aún, cuando este es un segmento poblacional que está en constante crecimiento y se constituye en un escenario de reflexiones y análisis desde una postur...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic caused considerable psychological and physical effects in healthy and diseased New Yorkers aside from the effects in those who were infected. We investigated the relationship between known risk-enhancing and health-promoting factors (social and medical), comorbidity indicators, and, as the primary o...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, there are few studies that relate satisfaction with life and healthy behaviors in students starting their university studies, even though it is known that the transition to the university stage can cause various changes with important repercussions on the health of students. Objective.To determine the relationship between life satisfacti...
Article
Full-text available
Survey research is important for understanding health and improving practice among health professions. However, survey research can have drawbacks, such as overuse and excessively lengthy questionnaires that burden respondents. These issues lead to poor response rates and incomplete questionnaires. Low and incomplete response rates result in missin...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen: Introducción. La captura corporativa es el proceso en el que las decisiones políticas responden a un interés particular de carácter privado, en detrimento del interés público. La industria del cannabis ha desarrollado estrategias de captura de políticas y de difusión de fake news (noticias falsas) con el objeto de fomentar una visión del c...