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https://www.mdpi.com/journal/atmosphere/special_issues/aerosolization_atomization_and_sprays Dear Colleagues, Carbonaceous aerosols have received significant scientific interest due to their crucial impacts on climate and human health. Carbonaceous aerosols mainly consist of organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC), which are commonly referr...
Poster
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Dear Colleagues, The world is becoming increasingly urban, mobile, and productive, and also vulnerable, unequal, and self-destructive at the same time. Unhealthy environments and associated health risks have contributed substantially to global deaths and disease burden, especially in the cities of the developing world. Previous studies have extens...
Article
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Distribution of PM0.1 , PM1 and PM2.5 particle-and gas-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) during the 2019 normal, partial and strong haze periods at a background location in southern Thailand were investigated to understand the behaviors and carcinogenic risks. PM 1 was the predominant component, during partial and strong haze periods, account...
Article
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Open-pit mines are an important source of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) owing to the constant earth-moving and crushing. The well-known association between high PM concentrations and adverse health effects has made the permanent control of fugitive emissions from mines a public health concern. Nevertheless, the large size of these mines rende...
Article
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The significance of building sustainable farms has been highlighted in the search for food security. Traditional farming methods in Nigeria have resulted in low agricultural yields. Using modern technologies, such as nanotechnology, is crucial in the current circumstances to address the growing need for food crops. Such objectives have given birth...
Article
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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic exposure to fine particulate matter may cause adverse health impacts on humans. The impact of fine particulate matter collected in the industrial area was explored. Therefore, this study aimed 1) to assess the levels and spatial distribution of fine particulate matter and 2) to estimate the health risks due to the...
Article
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Background The aim of this study was to systematically synthesise the global evidence on the prevalence of persistent symptoms in a general post COVID-19 population. Methods A systematic literature search was conducted using multiple electronic databases (MEDLINE and The Cochrane Library, Scopus, CINAHL, and medRxiv) until January 2022. Studies wi...
Article
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Excessive alcohol consumption (≥15 drinks per week) causes chronic diseases and multiple other health conditions. Nevertheless, alcohol beverages have been used as a vital medicine ingredient in various cultures since ancient times. A wealth of epidemiological and experimental research has shown that light-moderate alcohol consumption, regardless o...
Article
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Air pollution is an important issue globally because it is linked to health risks or death as the case may be. No nation has placed a carefree attitude on the menace. Constant monitoring to reduce or bring it to an end is on the increase. Internet of Things (IoT) is one of the tools used in monitoring air quality. The main functionality of IoT incl...
Article
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Background: The long-term health effects of bushfires include the potential to trigger new and exacerbate existing mental health problems. Objective: This review aimed to determine the prevalence of long-term mental health issues in Australian populations exposed to bushfires. Method: A systematic search was conducted in five databases (Embase...
Article
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Background: Many countries pay special attention to the transition of their military personnel from deployment to home via post-deployment adaptation programmes (PDAPs). Objective: This systematic review aims to provide a structured analysis of structure, process, and outcomes based on available empirical evidence for PDAPs. Methods: A systematic l...
Article
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Per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) is a collective name for approximately 4700 synthetic chemicals ubiquitous in the aquatic environment worldwide. They are used in a wide array of products and are found in living organisms around the world. Some PFAS have been associated with cancer, developmental toxicity, endocrine disruption, and other h...
Article
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Indoor air pollution results in mortalities worldwide, burdening especially the low- and middle-income countries. The volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds (VOCs and SVOCs) emitted from indoor structures and furniture materials are important sources of indoor air pollution. Exposure to VOCs such as formaldehyde and benzene has been associate...
Article
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The lessons learned from the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic are numerous. Low dose radiotherapy (LDRT) was used in the pre-antibiotic era as treatment for bacterially/virally associated pneumonia. Motivated in part by these old clinical and radiobiological data, LDRT for treatment of COVID-19-associated pneumonia was proposed in early...
Article
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Since the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, there has been an unprecedented increase in the acquisition of chest computed tomography (CT) scans. Nearly 616 million people have been infected by COVID-19 worldwide to date, of whom many were subjected to CT scanning. CT exposes the patients to hazardous ionizing radiation, which can...
Article
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Arsenic toxicity is a global health problem affecting millions of people. Contamination is caused by arsenic from natural geological sources leaching into aquifers, contaminating drinking water, and may also be caused by mining and other industrial processes. Acute arsenic poisoning is associated with nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and severe di...
Preprint
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Health technology assessments (HTAs) of vaccines typically focus on the direct health benefits to individuals and healthcare systems. COVID-19 highlighted the widespread societal impact of infectious diseases and the value of vaccines in averting adverse clinical consequences and in maintaining or resuming social and economic activities. Using COVI...
Article
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Abstract: Objective: Is the migration process likely to lead to sustained changes in individual social networks and health status? There are many controversies about the relationship between migrants’ networks and migrants’ health. An important reason may be that the constraints of specific social contexts on immigrant networks and health consequen...
Article
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Regular physical activity (PA) has multiple beneficial effects on students’ health, effectively reducing the risk of various non-communicable diseases. Various factors play a role in an individual’s motivation to engage in and maintain regular PA. So far, no research dealing with the motives and barriers for regular PA among medical students has be...
Article
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Urban blue-green space (UBGS), as an important component of the urban environment, is found to closely relate to human health. An extensive understanding of the effects of UBGS on human health is necessary for urban planning and intervention schemes towards healthy city development. However, a comprehensive review and discussion of relevant studies...
Article
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Background This overview summarizes the best available systematic review (SR) evidence on the health effects of Tai Chi. Methods Nine databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Medline, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), Sino-Med, and Wanfang Database) were searched for SRs...
Article
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The Flint Water Crisis (FWC) was an avoidable public health disaster that has profoundly affected the city’s residents, a majority of whom are Black. Although many scholars and journalists have called attention to the role of racism in the water crisis, little is known about the extent to which the public attributed the FWC to racism as it was unfo...
Article
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Temporal trends and future expectations of health effects due to high body mass index (BMI) remain uncertain in China. The trends of high-BMI-related death in China were evaluated and predicted until 2040 using data and methods from the Global Burden of Disease study. The absolute numbers and age-standardized rates of death and disability-adjusted...
Article
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Pulmonary tuberculosis is one of the infectious diseases that has become a global health problem and causes a variety of adverse health effects, including psychological factors such as poor socioeconomic conditions, lack of social support, and decreased quality of life due to a diagnosis that causes anxiety in the majority of pulmonary TB patients....
Article
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Aflatoxin contamination in foods is a vital health challenge for low and middle-income countries in subtropical regions. Maize ( Zea mays L.), a staple food most widely grown in Africa including Ghana, and extensively consumed as much as three times per day, is a source of aflatoxin contamination owing to its susceptibility to fungal infection. Afl...
Article
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Background: The purpose of toxicology is to protect human health and the environment. To support this, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), operating via its Extended Advisory Group for Molecular Screening and Toxicogenomics (EAGMST), has been developing the Adverse Outcome Pathway (AOP) approach to consolidate eviden...
Conference Paper
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This research paper aims to shed light on the protection of human capital in light of the Corona crisis, as the protection of human capital requires integrated responses at the level of public policies to address the Corona pandemic, three priorities together at the level of public policies, which governments should consider while working to suppor...
Article
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Coffee bean harvesting incurs various by-products known for their long traditional use. However, they often still end up being a waste instead of being used to their full potential. On the European market, coffee cherry (cascara) products are not yet common, and a novel food approval for beverages made from coffee cherry pulp was issued only recent...
Preprint
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As the changing climate expands the extent of arid and semi-arid lands, the number, severity of, and health effects associated with dust events are likely to increase. However, regulatory measurements capable of capturing dust (PM10, particulate matter smaller than 10 µm in diameter) are sparse, sparser than measurements of PM2.5 (PM smaller than 2...
Article
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Background In India, approximately 75% of population that is over 650 million people have B12 deficiency majority of which is caused by variation in demography, diet, and religion. Conditions such as smoking, alcohol, and antacid use are certain causes for incidence of vitamin B12 deficiency. Looking at various adverse health effects of drinking de...
Article
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Introduction Food safety is an important public health concern globally. Risk communication is one of crucial element to manage food safety. While current food safety studies have focused on contamination of hazards or risk factors, limited research exists on consumer concerns, knowledge and perception about the actual risk food poses to their heal...
Article
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Background: There are more than 26 million elderly people in China, and due to the Health China strategy proposed in 2020, “Elderly Health” has become an important topic of concern for all sectors of society. Neighborhoods provide important social relationships. However, Chinese researchers have not extensively explored the impact of these relation...
Article
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This study reported the ecological risks and human health risk assessments of five potentially toxic metals in the topsoils of six land uses in Peninsular Malaysia. It was found that industry, landfill, rubbish heap, and mining areas were categorized as “very high ecological risk”. The land uses of industry, landfill and rubbish heap were found to...
Article
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Background Drug and substance abuse has adverse health effects and a substantial economic burden to the global economies and at the household level. There is, however, limited data on socio-economic disparities in the update of the substance of abuse in low-to-middle income countries such as Kenya. This study aimed to assess the socio-economic disp...
Article
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High ambient temperatures are associated with adverse health effects and increased death. A recent article published in The BMJ found an association between extreme heat and an increase in the number of visits to the emergency department by adults in the USA.
Article
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Lunar dust (LD), the component of lunar regolith with particle sizes less than 20 μm, covers the surface of the Moon. Due to its fineness, jagged edges, and electrostatic charge, LD adheres to and coats almost any surface it contacts. As a result, LD poses known risks to the proper functioning of electronic and mechanical equipment on the lunar sur...
Article
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Background Safe and clean drinking water is essential for human life. Persistent, mobile and toxic (PMT) substances and/or very persistent and very mobile (vPvM) substances are an important group of substances for which additional measures to protect water resources may be needed to avoid negative environmental and human health effects. PMT/vPvM su...
Article
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Background Indoor air pollution (IAP) remains a major global public health hazard more so in developing countries where use of fossil fuels is still very common. However, despite the popularity of kerosene and fuelwood as energy sources among many households in the Sub-Saharan Africa, little is known about their health effects and the predisposing...
Article
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Intensive pesticide use increased concern about the potential acute and chronic health effects of pesticides in general and among applicators in particular. This study aims to explore occupational and environmental pesticide exposure and health risks among pesticide applicators and residents. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in...
Article
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Background. The life expectancy of individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) is reduced compared to the general population, and one of the main contributors to earlier death is inactivity. Aim. To investigate how 14 weeks of physical activity (PA) in a real-life setting affects cardiovascular fitness, body composition and bone health of adult...
Article
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The WHO guidelines on environmental noise highlight that evidence on the health effects of wind turbine sound levels is either non-existent or of poor quality. In this context, a feasibility study was conducted in France in 2017. The objective was to suggest a methodology for calculating wind turbine sound levels in order to quantify the number of...
Article
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Background Weight gain is commonly observed during and after breast cancer treatment and is associated with poorer survival outcomes, notably in women with oestrogen-receptor positive disease. The aim of this qualitative study was to investigate the experiences and perceptions of oestrogen-receptor positive (ER +) female breast cancer patients (BCP...
Article
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Dietary proteins are indispensable to human nutrition. In addition to their tissue-building function, they affect body composition and regulate various metabolic pathways, as well as satiety and immune system activity. Protein use can be examined from a quantitative or qualitative viewpoint. In this scoping review, we compare animal- and plant-base...
Article
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“Race” and “ethnicity” are socially constructed terms, not based on biology - in contrast to biologic ancestry and genetic admixture - and are flexible, contested, and unstable concepts, often driven by power. Although individuals may self-identify with a given race and ethnic group, as multidimensional beings exposed to differential life influenci...
Article
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Synthetic pesticides can pose a serious threat to the soil environment and are responsible for several adverse health effects in humans. The study aimed to assess the impact of a new formulation based on p-coumaric acid (p-CA) on the abundance, diversity, and structure of bacterial communities with the use of next-generation sequencing (NGS) of the...
Article
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Background The concentration of silica in occupational conditions is well defined and estimated around the world. Many countries in the world have developed air standards for occupational conditions based on the percent silica in ambient air. This is due to the pulmonary effect caused by silica yielding diseases like silicosis and pneumoconiosis. I...
Article
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Zilpaterol is a β2- adrenergic agonist medication approved in certain countries as a cattle feed additive to improve carcass quality. Trace amounts of Zilpaterol can transfer to horse feed, yielding equine urinary “identifications” of Zilpaterol. These “identifications” occur because Zilpaterol is highly bioavailable in horses, resistant to biotran...
Preprint
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Climate change is threatening human health in unprecedented orders and many ways. These threats are expected to grow unless effective and evidence-based policies are developed and acted upon to minimize or eliminate them. Attaining such a task requires the highest degree of the flow of knowledge from science into policy. The multidisciplinary, loca...
Article
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Over the past few decades, there has been a noticeable surge in the market of plant-based meat analogs (PBMA). Such popularity stems from their environmentally friendly production procedures as well as their positive health effects. In order to meet the market demand, it is necessary to look for plant protein processing techniques that can help the...
Article
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The current review presents the advantages and health benefits of the fast growing homogenization techniques for improving food processing using the high-speed homogenization (HSH) and the high-pressure homogenization (HPH) to overcome the main problems encountering food manufacturers, merchandizers and end consumers which are the short shelf-life...
Article
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Background The marine environment hosts a wide variety of species that have evolved to live in harsh and challenging conditions. Marine organisms are the focus of interest due to their capacity to produce biotechnologically useful compounds. They are promising biocatalysts for new and sustainable industrial processes because of their resistance to...
Article
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Bisphenol-A (BPA) is an important environmental contaminant with adverse health effects suspected to be mediated through epigenetic mechanisms. We had reported that the FLO1-dependent flocculation of transgenic yeast expressing human DNA methyltransferase ( DNMT yeast) is a useful tool in epigenotoxicology studies. In this report, we have investiga...
Article
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Antioxidants are responsible for many beneficial health effects and are highly present in natural products, such as kombucha. Biosensors’ development targeting antioxidants and phytomarkers are an active research field. This work aimed to propose a voltammetric polyphenolxidase (Cordia superba) biosensor for catechin and total phenolic compounds qu...
Article
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Objectives Given the current controversy concerning the efficacy of omega 3 supplements at reducing inflammation, we evaluated the safety and efficacy of omega 3 on reducing inflammation in people with a 6-year lung cancer risk >1.5% and a C reactive protein (CRP) level >2 mg/L in a phase IIa cross-over study. Materials and methods Forty-nine heal...
Article
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Intensive pesticide use increased concern about the potential acute and chronic health effects of pesticides in general and among applicators in particular. This study aims to explore occupational and environmental pesticide exposure and health risks among pesticide applicators and residents. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation is linked to serious adverse health effects that are cumulative in nature and affect children more than adults. UV radiation has also been reported to have serious complications for the eye, particularly in areas with a high UV radiation index. Increasing public awareness about the harmful effe...
Article
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Introduction and purpose: Urban outdoor air is contaminated with a variety of harmful agents that can lead to an increase in mortality and morbidity rate through short-term exposure. In recent studies conducted in Iran, the health effects of suspended particles with a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometers (PM 2.5) have been investigated and the res...
Chapter
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Cannabis sativa has been a part and parcel of Indian culture right from the Vedic period. All was fine until the then Indian government in 1985 succumbed to the American duress and put a ban on cannabis. Though cannabis ban seemed to be in the public interest, facts suggest otherwise. The role of corporates in bringing about the ban on cannabis is...
Article
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Objective Macrosomia is associated with the risk of mortality and morbidity in neonates and their mothers. Despite the considerable public health effect of macrosomia, evidence on the determinants of macrosomia is limited in Northwest Ethiopia in general and in Amhara region in particular. Therefore, this study aimed to identify determinants of mac...
Article
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Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a metabolic and reproductive disease with serious risks and adverse health effects. However, the pathophysiological mechanism of GDM, especially the roles of circRNAs in its pathogenesis, is largely unknown. The objective of this study was to identify and investigate the roles of circRNAs in GDM. In the curren...
Article
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Furazolidone (FZD), a typical highly effective nitrofuran antibiotic, has been banned in aquaculture for its carcinogenicity and other adverse health effects, but it is still wildly used for its low cost and significant efficacy. Since FZD will be rapidly metabolized in living organisms, the traditional standard mass spectrometry method can quantit...
Article
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Abstract Background The burden of the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a reduction of available health care capacity for regular care. To guide prioritisation of semielective surgery in times of scarcity, we previously developed a decision model to quantify the expected health loss due to delay of surgery, in an academic hospital setting. The aim of t...
Article
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Phytochemicals from plant foods are considered essential to human health. Known for their role in the adaptation of plants to their environment, these compounds can induce adaptive responses in cells, many of which are directed at maintaining the redox tone. Indicaxanthin is a long-known betalain pigment found in the genus Opuntia of cactus pear an...
Preprint
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Food is a basic human need important for the survival of all human beings. The rapidly growing world population puts pressure on food sources, inviting the need to devise mechanisms to sustain it. Biotechnology has developed important measures for improving plants and livestock as a remedy for food security with aim to achieve the Sustainable Devel...
Article
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Wheat and rice play a vital role in human nutrition and food security. A better understanding of the potential health benefits associated with consuming these cereals, combined with studies by plant scientists and food chemists to view the entire food value chain from the field, pre and post-harvest processing, and subsequent “fork” consumption, ma...
Article
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Cyberchondria is defined as excessive online health research followed by distress. Theoretical models of cyberchondria suggest that it can be influenced by both characteristics of the internet (content, information ranking, amount and quality of information) and individual vulnerability factors (general health anxiety or COVID-19 fear). In order to...