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Publications related to Health Economics (10,000)
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Article
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Background: Although medical costs need to be controlled, there are no easily applicable cost prediction models of transfer to palliative care (PC) for terminal cancer patients. Objective: Construct a cost-saving prediction model based on terminal cancer patients' data at hospital admission. Study design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting:...
Article
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Background: In order to optimize positioning and associated drug price for both payer and investor, it is for a company essential to forecast the potential market access attractiveness for the new drug for different indications at the early onset of the clinical development program. This analysis must include the constraints from the perspective o...
Research
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Abstract This present study attempted to understand the applicability of the existing social and environmental determinants in rural communities to design and manage a water supply system and to introduce a novel approach to incorporate concepts of the social-environmental index (SEI) with principal component analysis (PCA) and water quality monito...
Article
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Background Pregnant women with type 1 diabetes strive for tight glucose targets (3.5-7.8 mmol/L) to minimise the risks of obstetric and neonatal complications. Despite using diabetes technologies including continuous glucose monitoring (CGM), insulin pumps and contemporary insulin analogues, most women struggle to achieve and maintain the recommend...
Article
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Background Childhood asthma is an important unmet need. To date, patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) for children with asthma have used a combination of caregiver or proxy-reported and self-reported measures. No comprehensive measure is available to assess the severity and impact of daytime and nighttime asthma symptoms and rescue medication...
Article
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Using the nationwide health insurance claims database in Japan, we estimated total annual medical expenditures for fragility hip fracture across the population at 329.2 billion yen (2.99 billion US dollars). Long-term care expenditures were not included. Fragility hip fracture imposes a considerable health economic burden on society in Japan. Purp...
Article
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Background The development of liver cirrhosis is usually an asymptomatic process until late stages when complications occur. The potential reversibility of the disease is dependent on early diagnosis of liver fibrosis and timely targeted treatment. Recently, the use of non-invasive tools has been suggested for screening of liver fibrosis, especiall...
Article
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Background Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is a rare, inherited disorder with multi-systemic effects that impact the skeletal muscles, eyes, heart, skin and gastrointestinal, endocrine, respiratory, and central nervous systems. DM is divided into two subtypes: DM1 can present from early childhood through adulthood and also has a congenital form (cDM) while...
Book
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Description The obesity epidemic in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region began in the 1980s and accelerated from the 2000s. In the LAC region, obesity has become a public health issue in the region. The increase of this problem is related to the economic gains obtained from the process of liberalization and privatization, the increase o...
Article
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Governments often encourage health service providers to improve quality of care and reduce prices through competition. The efficacy of competition hinges on the assumption that consumers demand high quality care at low prices for any given health condition. In this paper, we examine this assumption by investigating the role of perceived price and q...
Article
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This study explores self-reported impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on several facets of IPV survivor well-being, such as mental health, economic stability, food security, and resilience. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with survivors of IPV. Qualitative data were collected on variables related to mental health, economic stability, food se...
Article
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The year 2022 is the 50th anniversary of the publication of my demand for health model in “On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health,” Journal of Political Economy 80(2): 223–255, and in The Demand for Health: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation, NBER Occasional Paper 119 New York: Columbia University Press for the NBER. To m...
Article
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Purpose Of the 80% people with psychosis living in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), up to 90% are left to the care of families. The World Health Organization has recommended the inclusion of families in community-based rehabilitation and while there is evidence of its implementation in LMICs, this has not been reviewed yet. This study aims...
Article
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Purpose of Review This paper provides an update of the recent evidence related to transcervical fibroid ablation (TFA) with the Sonata® System. Recent Findings An additional 27 papers representing over 400 women and more than 800 treated fibroids have been published. These demonstrate consistent, positive results, representing multiple prospective...
Article
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Background Hyperkalaemia is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is associated with a range of adverse outcomes. Historically, options for management of chronic hyperkalaemia in the outpatient setting have been limited. Novel oral potassium binders provide a safe, effective therapy for maintenance of normokalaemia in patients wi...
Method
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Para muchas personas, la Economía en general, incluso la Economía de la Salud, es percibida como la ciencia que se ocupa de estudiar el dinero. Esa es una interpretación errada. Como ciencia social, la Economía va mucho más allá, y en sus análisis, así como en sus recomendaciones, incorpora además de la asignación de los recursos (de los cuales el...
Chapter
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Ableism or the marginalization and discrimination of people with disabilities is pervasive in our culture. People with disabilities face massive inequities around issues of health, economics, and education. Individuals with intellectual or developmental disabilities (I/DD) are at an increased risk of poverty because they lack both job readiness ski...
Article
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic and associated non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) have affected all countries. With a scarcity of COVID-19 vaccines there has been a need to prioritize populations, but assessing relative needs has been challenging. The COVAX Facility allocates vaccines to cover 20% of each national population, followed by a ne...
Article
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Aims: We aim to evaluate the costs associated with healthcare resource consumption for chronic heart failure (HF) management in patients allocated to telemonitoring versus standard of care (SC). Methods and results: OSICAT-ECO involved 745 patients from the OSICAT trial (NCT02068118) who were successfully linked to the French national healthcare...
Article
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Background The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula 01 for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC01) is used in the management of head and neck cancers (HNCs), but whether NPC01 has an impact on the HR-QOL of patients with HNCs is unknown. Methods This was a retrospective study of patients with HNCs who were treated between January 2019 and January 2...
Article
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RESUMEN Teniendo en cuenta las consecuencias alarmantes del cambio climático y las advertencias de la comunidad científica sobre el poco tiempo que se tiene para revertir el deterioro del medio ambiente, se hace necesario e importante difundir alternativas que ayuden a frenar la crisis ambiental que se está viviendo. El presente trabajo de investig...
Article
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As pressures to maximize research funding grow, biomedical research funders are increasingly tasked with demonstrating the long-term and real-world impacts of their funded research investments. Over the past three decades, research impact assessments (RIA) have emerged as an important tool for analysing the impacts of research by incorporating logi...
Article
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Introduction: The objective of the current study was to assess the long-term cost-effectiveness of once-weekly semaglutide 0.5 mg and 1.0 mg versus dulaglutide 1.5 mg for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes uncontrolled on metformin in the Chinese setting. Methods: The Swedish Institute of Health Economics Diabetes Cohort Model (IHE-D...
Article
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Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) may negatively impact surgery patients through reducing the efficacy of treatment of surgical site infections, also known as the “primary effects” of AMR. Previous estimates of the burden of AMR have largely ignored the potential “secondary effects,” such as changes in surgical care pathways due to AMR, such as differ...
Article
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In this perspective, the assertion that race‐free risk assessment would harm patients of all races is critiqued from the viewpoint that race is not just another covariate in our arsenal. Although race may be associated with outcome, it is nevertheless a proxy for a myriad of other potential explanatory variables that could be genetic/biological but...
Article
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Background and objective: Hyperkalaemia can be a life-threatening condition, particularly in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease with and without heart failure. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitor therapy offers cardiorenal protection in chronic kidney disease and heart failure; however, it may also cause hyperkalaemia subsequ...
Article
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There is an emerging focus on the role of robotic surgery in ovarian cancer. To date, the operational and cost implications of the procedure remain unknown. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the impact of integrating minimally invasive robotic surgery on patient flow, resource utilization, and hospital costs associated with the tre...
Article
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Background Valuation is a critical part of the costing process in health economic evaluations. However, an overview of specific issues relevant to the European context on harmonizing methodological requirements for the valuation of costs to be used in health economic evaluation is lacking. We aimed to inform the development of an international, har...
Article
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Worldwide, the number of cancer survivors is rapidly increasing. The aim of this study was to quantify long-term health service costs of cancer survivorship on a population level. The study cohort comprised residents of Queensland, Australia, diagnosed with a first primary malignancy between 1997 and 2015. Administrative databases were linked with...
Article
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Introduction There are 53 million caregivers in the USA providing informal care for individuals with chronic illnesses. These caregivers contribute significantly to the healthcare system, yet they may experience adverse consequences due to caregiving, including financial burden. The purpose of this scoping review is to fill a research gap on unders...
Article
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Objective: To determine the budget impact of virtual care. Methods: We conducted a budget impact analysis of virtual care from the perspective of a large teaching hospital in the Netherlands. Virtual care included remote monitoring of vital signs and three daily remote contacts. Net budget impact over 5 years and net costs per patient per day (c...
Article
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Background A few studies have assessed the epidemiological impact and the cost-effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines in settings where most of the population had been exposed to SARS-CoV-2 infection. Methods We conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis of COVID-19 vaccine in Kenya from a societal perspective over a 1.5-year time frame. An age-structure...
Article
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Introduction: Insulin pump therapy represents an alternative to multiple daily injections and can improve glycemic control and quality of life (QoL) in Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients. We aimed to explore the differences and factors related to the T1DM-specific QoL of such patients in Latvia. Design and methods: A mixed-method cross-sectio...
Article
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Pandemics create survival uncertainty through infection possibilities, food scarcity, and unemployment. Being the largest democracy in the world, we have explored the response of Indian citizens on the COVID-19’s lockdown and defined an anxiety response model using PLS based Structural Equation Modeling(SEM). For a comprehensive understanding, we h...
Article
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Background Community health workers (CHWs) play a critical role in supporting health systems, and in improving accessibility to primary healthcare. In many settings CHW programmes do not have formalised employment models and face issues of high attrition and poor performance. This study aims to determine the employment preferences of CHWs in Malang...
Article
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Objectives To examine the management of acute diarrhea in the emergency department (ED) of a large university medical center. Methods Retrospective cross-sectional study over a 10-month period of adult patients (age ≥18 years) presenting to the ED with acute diarrhea. Results Data for 780 patients were reviewed; 101 met the exclusion criteria. Of...
Article
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Introduction EQ-5D is an instrument which has been utilized for a variety of purposes, including in health-economic appraisals as an input into quality-adjusted life year (QALY) calculations. Indeed, it is the most-widely applied instrument for health-economic appraisal worldwide, and is recommended for use in QALY calculations by many national Hea...
Article
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Background Most commonly, cyst excision and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy reconstruction are the optimal treatment for choledochal cysts (CC). Robotic surgery (RS) is being conducted with increasing frequency to treat CC. It is unclear whether RS can overcome the limitations of laparoscopic surgery (LS) and improve the prognosis of patients. In ter...
Article
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Background Digital health interventions have significant potential to improve safety, efficacy, and quality of care, reducing waste in healthcare costs. Despite these premises, the evidence regarding cost and effectiveness of digital tools in health is scarce and limited. Objectives The aim of this systematic review is to summarize the evidence on...
Article
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Purpose The need for sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in clinically node-negative (cN0) patients is currently questioned. Our objective was to investigate the cost-effectiveness of a preoperative noninvasive lymph node staging (NILS) model (an artificial neural network model) for predicting pathological nodal status in patients with cN0 breast can...
Article
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Introduction Improving hospital oxygen systems can improve quality of care and reduce mortality for children, but we lack data on cost-effectiveness or sustainability. This study evaluated medium-term sustainability and cost-effectiveness of the Nigeria Oxygen Implementation programme. Methods Prospective follow-up of a stepped-wedge trial involvi...
Article
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Background Clinical trials are essential for bringing new drugs, technologies and procedures to the market and clinical practice. Considering the design and the four-phase development, only 10% of them complete the entire process, partly due to the increasing costs and complexity of clinical trials. This low completion rate has a huge negative impa...
Article
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Aidan Pucchio,1 Saffire H Krance,2 Daiana R Pur,2 Rafael N Miranda,3,4 Tina Felfeli3– 5 1School of Medicine, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada; 2Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, London, ON, Canada; 3Toronto Health Economics and Technology Assessment Collaborative, Toronto, ON, Canada; 4Institute of Health Policy,...
Article
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Background: A significant proportion of cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality could be prevented via the population-based and cost-effective interventions. A fixed-dose combination treatment is known as the polypill for the primary and secondary prevention of CVD has come up in recent years. Purpose: In order to provide recommenda...
Article
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Background Policies aimed at restricting the marketing of high fat, salt and sugar products have been proposed as one way of improving population diet and reducing obesity. In 2019, Transport for London implemented advertising restrictions on high fat, salt and sugar products. A controlled interrupted time-series analysis comparing London with a no...
Article
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Background Staff absenteeism and presenteeism incur high costs to the NHS and are associated with adverse health outcomes. The main causes are musculoskeletal complaints and mental ill-health, which are potentially modifiable, and cardiovascular risk factors are also common. We will test the feasibility of an RCT to evaluate the clinical and cost-e...
Article
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Since the start of the 21st century, the world has not confronted a more serious threat to global public health than the COVID-19 pandemic. While governments initially took radical actions in response to the pandemic to avoid catastrophic collapse of their health care systems, government policies have also had numerous knock-on socioeconomic, polit...
Article
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Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a devastating neurological condition. Endovascular coiling or surgical clipping have equivocal success rates, but relatively little is known regarding the health economics and complications of these procedures at the population level. We aimed to analyze the complication profiles and healthcare resource...
Book
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Sustainable agriculture integrates three main goals viz., environmental health, economic profitability, and social equity. Developing much needed innovations and connecting them is the most appropriate way to make farm management easier, effective and more efficient: helping growers balance risk, manage inputs more precisely and grow crops more sus...
Article
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Abstract Introduction: Economic evaluation studies demonstrate the value of money in health interventions and enhance the efficiency of the healthcare system. Therefore, this study reviews published economic evaluation studies of public health interventions from 26 Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries and examines whether they addressed...
Article
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Background The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing globally, and this requires several approaches to screening. There are reports of alternative indices for prediction of DM, besides fasting blood glucose (FBG) level. This study, investigated the ability of combination of biochemical and anthropometric parameters and orodental diseas...
Article
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Objectives To estimate capability wellbeing lost from the general adult populations in the UK, Australia and the Netherlands in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic and the associated social restrictions, including lockdowns. Design Cross-sectional with recalled timepoints. Setting Online panels in the UK, Australia and the Netherlands conduct...
Experiment Findings
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These experiments are a part of OUR MAIN RESEARCH "NATIONWISE RAIN WATER MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS". Experiment Bottom line: SHOOTING MULTIPLE TARGETS with SINGLE ARROW". DESCRIPTION: After successful installation of our main Programs in Rural and Urban areas, We could identify that with Few modifications & proper planning some of devices and struct...
Article
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Background Autism is a neurodevelopmental disability affecting over 1% of UK children. The period following a child’s autism diagnosis can present real challenges in adaptation for families. Twenty to 50% of caregivers show clinically significant levels of mental health need within the post-diagnostic period and on an ongoing basis. Best practice g...
Article
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Background Obesity increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, mobility problems and some cancers, and its prevalence is rising. Men engage less than women in existing weight loss interventions. Game of Stones builds on a successful feasibility study and aims to find out if automated text messages with or without endowment incenti...
Article
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The current COVID-19 pandemic is causing profound health, economic, and social problems worldwide. The global shortage of medical and personal protective equipment (PPE) in specialized centers during the outbreak demonstrated the need for efficient methods to disinfect and recycle them in times of emergency. We have previously described that high o...
Article
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Aim To systematically identify and appraise the international literature on the cost-effectiveness of metabolic surgery for the treatment of comorbid type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity. Methods A systematic search was conducted in electronic databases and grey literature sources up to 20 January 2021. Economic evaluations in a T2D population or a s...
Article
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Disaggregated population counts are needed to calculate health, economic, and development indicators in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs), especially in settings of rapid urbanisation. Censuses are often outdated and inaccurate in LMIC settings, and rarely disaggregated at fine geographic scale. Modelled gridded population datasets derived f...
Article
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Background: Requiring access to sensitive data can be a significant obstacle for the development of health models in the Health Economics & Outcomes Research (HEOR) setting. We demonstrate how health economic evaluation can be conducted with minimal transfer of data between parties, while automating reporting as new information becomes available. M...