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Gynaecology - Science topic

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Publications related to Gynaecology (10,000)
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Article
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Background The residual effects of cancer and its treatment can profoundly affect women’s quality of life. This paper presents results from a multisite randomized controlled trial that evaluated the clinical benefits of an e-health enabled health promotion intervention (the Women’s Wellness after Cancer Program or WWACP) on the health-related quali...
Article
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Objectives While magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is considered the gold standard for the imaging of female pelvis, there is an ongoing debate about the most appropriate indications and optimal imaging protocols. The European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) launched a survey to evaluate the current utilization of female pelvic MRI in clinica...
Article
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Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynaecological malignancy in the developed world, and concerningly incidence is rising, particularly in younger people. Therefore, there is increased interest in novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membrane-bound particles present in bodily fluids that have the pote...
Article
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Background Early detection of breast cancer (BC) through mammography screening (MAM) is known to reduce mortality. We examined the differential effect that mammography has on BC characteristics and overall survival and the sociodemographic determinants of MAM utilization in a multi-ethnic Asian population. Methods This study included 3739 BC patie...
Article
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Aim This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Kinesio taping and breathing exercises on pain management after gynaecological abdominal surgery. Methods This randomized controlled study was conducted with 132 participants at a public hospital between June 2017 and 2018. The Kinesio taping method was applied once, immediately after the surgery dur...
Article
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Objective The study aims to determine discontinuation among long-acting reversible contraceptive users at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after initiation and its associated factors among new long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) users. Design A facility-based multicentre prospective cohort study was conducted with a sample size of 1766 women. Settin...
Article
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Background: Placental abruption (PA) contributes almost 30% of the all cases of antepartum hemorrhages. Both mother and fetus are at huge risk of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality when mother is complicated by this obstetric condition. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study is to find out the incidence and the fetomaternal outcome...
Article
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Purpose Gynaecological cancer patients treated with external radiation therapy to the pelvis may face long-lasting and long-term gastrointestinal syndromes. The aim of this study was to assess the association between such radiation-induced survivorship syndromes and disability pension among gynaecological cancer survivors treated with pelvic radiat...
Article
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To compare the disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) at 3 years and 5 years in patients undergoing treatment for early-stage cervical cancer with either robotic (RRH) or open radical hysterectomy (ORH). This retrospective study compared all patients with stage IA1 (lymphovascular invasion), IA2, IB1, IB2 and II A cervical cancer in...
Article
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Objective Studies, mainly from high-income countries, suggest that there are ethnic and racial variations in prevalence of uterine fibroids (UF). However, there have been few studies of the epidemiology of UF in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We reviewed published articles on the epidemiology of UF in SSA. Design This was a scoping review of literature...
Article
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Pain following laparoscopic surgery remains a neglected healthcare issue. Virtual reality-mediated therapy’s (VRT) analgesic potential could address this. However, its effect in this setting remains unexplored. We aimed to establish the feasibility and safety of VRT as an adjunct analgesic following gynaecological laparoscopy and explore difference...
Article
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Oxidative stress has been implicated in many diseases, including reproductive and pregnancy disorders, from subfertility to maternal vascular disease or preterm labour. There is, however, discrepancy within the standardized markers of oxidative stress in obstetrics and gynaecology in clinical studies. This review aims to present the scope of marker...
Article
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Introduction: This study aimed to assess the accuracy of transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) for the mapping of endometriosis before surgery when performed by sonographers in an outpatient women's imaging centre. Methods: A prospective longitudinal cohort study was performed. The study group comprised of 201 women who underwent a comprehensive TVUS a...
Article
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Background The efficient use of operating room is important to ensure optimum cost–benefit for the hospital and to reduce elective surgery waiting times. We introduced a concept of non-commissioned “Twilight” operating room to reduce patient waiting list and mitigate consequences of non-availability of elective operative time due to closure of an a...
Article
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Introduction: Endometriosis is a gynaecological disorder in women and causes infertility. Several therapeutic were developed to reduce endometriosis cases, one of them was matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor. This study investigated the potential activity of the flavonoids in Phaleria macrocarpa fruit as MMP1 inhibitors for endometriosis. Meth...
Chapter
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Conclusiones Evaluar la salud fetal es un objetivo fundamental en la práctica diaria del obstetra o del perinatólogo. La evidencia actual soporta que la prueba vibroacústica fetal ofrece beneficios, dado que disminuye la incidencia de resultados no reactivos de la monitorización anteparto. En consecuencia, reduce los falsos positivos y puede aument...
Article
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Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología. 2022;48(1):e946 Esta obra está bajo una licencia: https://creativecomons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/deed.es_ES Artículo de revisión Modificaciones histológicas relacionadas con el láser de CO 2 fraccionado en el síndrome genitourinario de la menopausia Histological Changes Related to Fractional CO2 Laser in...
Article
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Pneumovagina is caused by faulty closure of vaginal lips as a result of abnormal conformation or traumatic injuries to the vagina due to malhandling of the genitalia and fetus during parturition. A four years old crossbred pluriparous cow was presented at TVCC, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agricultute & Technology, Pantnagar, with a history of...
Article
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Background There is increasing recognition that prehabilitation is important as a means of preparing patients physically and psychologically for cancer treatment. However, little is understood about the role and optimal nature of prehabilitation for gynaecological cancer patients, who usually face extensive and life-changing surgery in addition to...
Presentation
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Genital tuberculosis in females is found in 0.75 to 1% of gynecological admissions in India with considerable variation from place to place. Tuberculosis (TB) can affect any organ in the body (exceptions being skeletal muscle, cardiac muscles, pancreas) can exist without any clinical manifestation and can recur. The disease is almost always seconda...
Article
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Plain language summary The use of robotic‐assisted keyhole surgery in gynaecology has expanded in recent years owing to technical advances. These include 3D viewing leading to improved depth perception, limitation of tremor, potential for greater precision and discrimination of tissues, a shorter learning curve and improved comfort for surgeons com...
Presentation
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A vaginal obstruction often occurs as a result of complication in women who had previously undergone an excision of a transverse vaginal septum. Her we are reporting a case of 12 years old unmarried girl presented with complaint of secondary amenorrhea and cyclic pain lower abdomen since two months. She was operated for cryptomenorrhea four months...
Article
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: In the era of personalized medicine, Artificial Intelligence (AI) has emerged as a powerful tool with growing applications in the field of gynaecologic oncology. However, AI applications are encountered several challenges derived from their “black-box” nature, which limits their adoption by clinicians. Surgical decision-making in cytoreductive su...
Article
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The literature evaluating the effect of prehabilitation programmes on postoperative outcomes and quality of life of patients with gynaecological cancer undergoing surgery was reviewed. Databases including Pubmed, Medline, EMBASE (Ovid) and PsycINFO were systematically searched to identify studies evaluating the effect of prehabilitation programmes...
Article
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Dyspareunia is genital pain during sexual intercourse without constriction of the vulva or vagina. This is one of the most significant issues that lies at the border of gynaecology and sexology. Dyspareunia can be caused by endometriosis. Many women can also experience premenstrual syndrome, which can occur as a separate problem. All three of the...
Research
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The present study was conducted with the aim of fi nding association between obesity and impaired iron status among the post-menopausal women a� ending a tertiary care hospital of coastal Karnataka. 100 post-menopausal women a� ending the outpatient department and women admi� ed in wards of KSHEMA over a period of 2 months were interviewed. Detaile...
Article
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Background: Endometriosis is a common cause for infertility. Decreased ovarian reserve due to pathology or surgical management can reduce the chances of natural pregnancy and limit the effectiveness of controlled ovarian stimulation during fertility treatment. Cryopreservation of oocytes or ovarian cortex prior to surgery or before loss of follicu...
Chapter
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Gynaecological cancers of women, primarily breast cancer and cervical cancer, are the two most prevalent cancers that share a large global burden on incidence and mortality rates. Advancements in the field of molecular biology, pharmaceuticals and the growing area of artificial intelligence in disease diagnosis, prognosis and treatment have proved...
Article
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The aim of our study is to draw attention to the multitude of applications of acellular dermal matrix (ADM) in the surgical treatment of urogynaecological disorders, such as reduction in the reproductive organs, and in reconstructive gynaecology. Despite the existence of numerous operational methods and materials, the effectiveness of transvaginal...
Chapter
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The European Union has seen a marked rise in immigration over the last decade. The study aims to describe the nature of health problems for which immigrant women most often seek medical help and explore their health system/healthcare professional experiences and their perception of the level of integration of culture in the care delivered. A mixed...
Article
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The role of NLRP3 in the tumour microenvironment is elusive. In some cancers, the activation of NLRP3 causes a worse prognosis and in some cancers, NLRP3 increases chances of survivability. However, in many cases where NLRP3 has a protumorigenic role, inhibition of NLRP3 would be a crucial step in therapy. Consequently, activation of NLRP3 would be...
Article
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Endometriosis in adolescents is often underrecognized and is a contributing factor to significant delays in its diagnosis and management. Extraovarian endometrioma is uncommon, especially in the adolescent age range. We report on a rare case of a large extraovarian endometrioma involving the terminal ileum in an adolescent who presented with abdomi...
Poster
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Feedback collated at University College London Medical School (UCLMS) during the pandemic identified that medical students felt unprepared for their summative Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs), due to limited opportunities to interact with patients. While mock OSCEs have been shown to improve preparedness and confidence levels amon...
Conference Paper
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This is a retrospective review of all women (100) who underwent UFE at the local teaching hospital in Malta. The service given will be compared to standards set out by RCR and RCOG in a joint report published in 2013
Article
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Aim The current study aimed to systematically review the data obtained from studies on women with breast and gynaecologic cancers subjected to Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). Design Systematic review without meta‐analysis. Data sources PubMed, ProQuest, Google Scholar, Scopus, Web of Science; databases were searched without time limit. Review m...
Article
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Background and objective: There is persistent men-dominated gender disparity in medical academia. Predominance of men in the editorial makeup of medical journals might contribute to this inequity. This retrospective study (2014–2019) sought to evaluate gender representation in reviewers, editors, and members of the editorial boards in 15 leading me...
Article
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Aim: This single-centre study evaluated cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for patients with rare histologies and uncommon tumour origins. Patients and methods: Prospectively collected data from the data registry of a single institution was retrospectively investigated. We present a series...
Article
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Background Women who undergo breast cancer surgery often have an indication for gynaecological procedure. The aim of our study was to compare infectious complications rate after mastectomy with implant-based reconstruction in patients with and without concurrent gynaecological procedure. Patients and methods We retrospectively reviewed clinical re...
Article
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Introduction The prevalence of diminished ovarian reserve (DOR), a common gynaecological disorder, is approximately 10% across the world. Failure in early diagnosis and treatment may result in continuous decreases in ovarian function and the resultant loss in an opportunity of pregnancy, which greatly affects the happiness of the women’s family and...
Article
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Background Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) is one of the most effective measures to prevent surgical site infections (SSIs). According to WHO SAP guidelines, SAP requires appropriate indication for administration and delivery of the antimicrobial agent to the operative site through intravenous administration within 60–120 min before the initi...
Article
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Objective To assess the impact of prehospital factors (diagnostic pathways, first presentation to healthcare services, intervals, participation in primary care) on 1-year and 5-year survival in people with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Design Retrospective quasi-population-based cohort study. Setting Catalan Integrated Public Healthcare System...
Article
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Background The aim of the study was to evaluate if artificial neural networks can predict high-grade histopathology results after conisation from risk factors and their combinations in patients undergoing conisation because of pathological changes on uterine cervix. Patients and methods We analysed 1475 patients who had conisation surgery at the U...
Article
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Introduction The management of women with clinical early-stage cervical cancer and lymph node involvement detected intraoperatively is heterogeneous and controversial. This paper presents the protocol of a systematic review and meta-analysis regarding the management of this specific population of patients. This proposed study aims to answer the que...
Article
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Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common vaginal infection affecting women of childbearing age, and is associated with a substantial burden on women’s physical, emotional, sexual and social lives, as well as being linked to a number of gynaecological and obstetrical complications and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Antibiotics, such as metronidazole...
Article
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Introduction Endometriosis is a common gynaecological disease affecting around 10% of fertile-aged women, causing severe pain symptoms. Deep endometriosis is defined as endometriotic implants that infiltrate the underlying organs more than 5 mm in depth. Surgery for deep endometriosis requires advanced multidisciplinary surgical technique, often in...
Article
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Purpose Attention is an essential component of cognitive function that may be impaired after surgery with anaesthesia. Propofol intravenous anaesthesia and sevoflurane inhalational anaesthesia are frequently used in gynaecological surgery. However, which type of anaesthetic has fewer cognitive effects postoperatively remains unclear. We compared th...
Article
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Objectives Validation studies in oncology are limited in Japan. This study was conducted to evaluate the accuracy of diagnosis and adverse event (AE) definitions for specific cancers in a Japanese health administrative real-world database (RWD). Design and setting Retrospective observational validation study to assess the diagnostic accuracy of el...
Article
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Resumo: Diante de um problema de saúde pública como a Incontinência Urinária, este artigo possui o objetivo de potencializar as reflexões no ensino de Incontinência Urinária e subsidiar às/aos docentes da área da saúde a possibilidade de um material educativo que proporcione interações dinâmicas e colaborativas no processo de ensino e de aprendizag...
Article
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The Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA) has been conducting the 'Youth Sexuality' representative survey on a regular basis since 1980. This continuous monitoring generates insights into the sexual and reproductive health of young people in Germany and constitutes an important basis for evidence-based health communication. A total of N=6,032...
Article
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Background Germline pathogenic variants in BRCA1/2 have been established in hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) syndrome and result in significantly elevated lifetime risk of ovarian cancer. Risk reduction interventions are presently the only effective means of improving survival and specialized counselling clinics have been established as...
Article
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Background: The CovidSurg-Cancer consortium aimed to explore the impact of COVID-19 in surgical patients and services for solid cancers at the start of the pandemic. The CovidSurg-GO Cancer subgroup was particularly concerned about the magnitude of adverse outcomes caused by the disrupted surgical gynecological cancer care during the COVID-19 pand...
Article
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Objective: To evaluate the acceptance of telemedicine and determine its associated factors in an urogynecology outpatient clinic of a public hospital in Brazil. Methods: The present was a cross-sectional study performed between June and November 2020. The included patients had their elective appointments postponed due to the coronavirus disease...
Article
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Knowledge of obstetric danger signs is crucial to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality by identifying the problems earlier and avoiding the delay in seeking obstetric care. According to World Health Organization (WHO) more than 70% of maternal deaths occur due to obstetric complications and most of these deaths occur in developing countries. Mos...
Article
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Objectives: Smoking during pregnancy is causally associated with reduced birth weight and is strongly related to preterm birth. This study analyses the differences in birth outcomes between non-smokers and women who continued to smoke during pregnancy. Methods: We conducted a study of 1,359 mothers who gave birth in 2017-2019 at the Department o...
Article
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Background: Vaginal microbiota and its potential contribution to preterm birth is under intense research. However, only few studies have investigated the vaginal microbiota in later stages of pregnancy or at the onset of labour. Methods: We used 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing to analyse cross-sectional vaginal swab samples from 324 Finnish wo...
Article
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Ovarian cancer mortality is on the rise in China. Surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy is the most extensively used treatment for tumour recovery. An excellent nutritional condition prior and throughout treatment serves to improve the quality of life and, as a result, the treatment result. The goal of this research was how diet affected the fu...
Article
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Background: The Medical Certificate of Stillbirth (MCS) records data about a baby's death after 24 weeks of gestation but before birth. Major errors that could alter interpretation of the MCS were widespread in two UK-based regional studies. Methods: A multicentre evaluation was conducted, examining MCS issued 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018...
Poster
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Putting on a brave face to the world and looking good , despite having cancer . This image symbolises the courage , strength , and hope of the women interviewed . I decided to explore the experiences of women at work who have been treated for gynaecological cancer , acting as a conduit for diverse women to tell their stories . Perceptions and insig...
Article
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Background: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) in pregnant women remains a cause for clinical concern among clinicians and health care professionals. BV has been linked to prenatal, antenatal and postnatal challenges in pregnant women. Information on prevalence of BV across trimesters of pregnancy is expected to give better clinical insight into the pathophy...
Conference Paper
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El primer número de la Revista Española de Obstetricia y Ginecología vio la luz en 1916. Tras un periodo de ausencia, provocado por la Guerra Civil y la inmediata postguerra, volvió a editarse con el mismo título en 1944, esta vez ya de forma ininterrumpida hasta 1989. Este trabajo está centrado en el análisis de los contenidos de la revista relaci...
Conference Paper
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Abstract for Lincoln International Business School 's Research Day 16.06.2022 Inclusive or Exclusive ? Exploring the experiences of women at work who have been treated for gynaecological cancers . More women than ever before need to be in employment , yet employers have different reactions on being told that an employee has cancer . The idea for...
Conference Paper
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INTRODUCTION COVID-19 has significantly impacted all areas of training, especially in gynaecological surgery. The RCOG recommended a training impact assessment of all trainees as part of the gynaecology recovery plan. METHODS • RCOG recovery plan discussed at school board • Online trainee survey developed & distributed RESULTS • 89% response rate a...
Article
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Purpose To evaluate women’s choice in the method of labour induction between oral misoprostol, PGE2 pessary and the Foley catheter. To compare women’s satisfaction according to their choice and to identify factors associated with patient satisfaction. Methods We conducted a comparative, prospective cohort study of 520 women who chose their preferr...
Conference Paper
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INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 has significantly impacted gynaecological skills training which was already in difficulty following the introduction of the European Working Time Directive (EWTD). The RCOG advised simulation training as part of the gynaecology recovery programme in response to COVID-19. METHODS: a gynaecological skills impact assessment sur...
Article
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Objective: Clinical registries are designed to collect quality data generated during diagnosis and cancer treatment, post-treatment monitoring, and survival and to enhance patient treatment. Evaluation of registry data allows an improvement of patient care and a comparison between healthcare providers. Our goal is to present a computer-based endome...