Science topic

Grief - Science topic

Normal, appropriate sorrowful response to an immediate cause. It is self-limiting and gradually subsides within a reasonable time.
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Publications related to Grief (10,000)
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Article
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Background: There is no therapeutic competence and adherence scale for grief-focused cognitive behavioural therapy (grief-focused CBT). However, given the growing body of evidence for the efficacy of grief-focused CBT, such a scale is needed both to ensure the internal validity of clinical trials and to facilitate psychotherapy process research....
Article
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Background: In China, bereaved parents who have lost their only child are known as Shidu parents, and they tend to present high levels of prolonged grief reactions. To date, a widespread focus has been placed on positive social support, while potential negative experiences have been relatively neglected. Additionally, the role of social support fr...
Article
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Background: Women who have had miscarriages or stillbirths are known to have a high risk for enduring grief. However, the course and frequency of enduring grief in this subgroup are not fully understood. Objective: Our aims were to assess the intensity of grief and its course in women with miscarriages or stillbirths and to estimate the frequency o...
Article
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Background/objective Bereaved ICU family surrogates’ psychological distress, e.g., anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), is usually examined independently, despite the well-recognized comorbidity of these symptoms. Furthermore, the few studies exploring impact of psychological distress on development of prolonged grief dis...
Article
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Spain continues to be the second country in the world, after Cambodia with mass graves, about 400; it occupies the same position in relation to the high number of missing people, 114,226. This study highlights the challenges and the new procedures for the launching of a DHI app adapted to the needs of families victims of enforced disappearances. Ba...
Article
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Emotions affect how humans relate to others and define their place in the world. They thus shape responses to socio-ecological problems like climate change. In spite of the overwhelming knowledge and concern about climate change, a lack of appropriate moral and political consequences prevails in most contemporary societies. Instead of trying to exp...
Article
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The 20 th century was marked by multiple anthropogenic historical traumas, constructed by totalitarian regimes, in the context of which certain groups became targets of the death drive. These traumas show similarities, related to the general specificity of the trauma, whether individual or collective, but they also feature significant differences,...
Article
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Background Opioid-related overdose death is a public health epidemic in much of the USA, yet little is known about how people who use opioids (PWUO) experience overdose deaths in their social networks. We explore these experiences through a qualitative study of opioid-related overdose death bereavement among PWUO. Methods We recruited 30 adults wh...
Article
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Breast milk is a highly valued substance, immunologically and nutritionally, which also signifies maternal care and love for the infant. This intersection of biological and cultural qualities confers breast milk with complex meanings, which necessarily shape the experience of breastfeeding. Our research, investigating the experience of lactation af...
Article
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This article seeks to examine the emotional impact of disaster in the novel I Am Legend (1954) by Richard Matheson, one of the most celebrated writers of science fiction and horror genre in the 20 th century. A global pandemic appears to have transformed all people into vampires, except for Robert Neville, the hero, who is immune to the virus. The...
Article
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Introduction: Emotions like joy, anger, grief, jealousy, love, fear make our life worthwhile. Whatever we do, incites some emotion in us. If we are able to enjoy our emotions, without them having excessive control over us, then we can make ours as well as others’ lives better. Aim of the study was to assess and correlate emotional Intelligence with...
Article
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Pregnancy is a joyous but stressful phase in every woman's life as it takes a ten-month-long journey. Support and caring attitude from family members and others, along with regular antenatal treatment during pregnancy, is essential for every woman because it will protect the health of the unborn baby and future mother. However, in Bangladesh, patri...
Article
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Drawing on Berardi (2011), and Hägglund (2008), Mark Fisher (2009; 2014;2021) posits two pillars upon which his thoughts on history and philosophy are built; the first, what is called a slow cancellation of the future, or in a general sense, how the XX century more than simply casting its shadows over the XXIst, it never really ended. For Fisher, t...
Book
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Gone too soon, and sudden. Even amidst the zenith of his career as Davao’s foremost pediatric surgeon and civic leader, Dr. Santiago C. Aquino – or Jojo among his peers and family – had to prevail against all odds, even had to sacrifice his own so that others may live. He had to persevere through his own fears without troubling other people. Jojo C...
Article
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Cemeteries from the European Romantic period (18th–19th centuries) are often compared to small cities that hold memories, art, and history. Portuguese public cemeteries were first established in 1835 and became an interesting combination of fauna, flora, and monumental sculptures to mourn the dead at a location outside the limits of the city. Over...
Article
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This study discusses a matter of cultural identity faced by diaspora individuals in Akhil Sharma's novel Family Life. As a diasporic Indian American, Sharma depicts that cultural identity is problematic, especially for an individual who experiences two or more conflicted cultures from home left behind and the home this individual has moved to. S...
Article
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This study discusses a matter of cultural identity faced by diaspora individuals in Akhil Sharma’s novel Family Life. As a diasporic Indian American, Sharma depicts that cultural identity is problematic, especially for an individual who experiences two or more conflicted cultures from home left behind and the home this individual has moved to. S...
Article
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Following the (wounded) memory lane: poetics of voices and corporeal memory in Laurent Mauvignier’s Loin d’eux and Camille de Toledo’s Thésée, sa vie nouvelle This is a study of the novel Loin d'eux by Laurent Mauvignier (1999) and Thésée, sa vie nouvelle by Camille de Toledo (2020). Through these two works, this article examines how the modalities...
Article
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Background: The ongoing horrors of the war in Ukraine have led to enormous consequences: loss of life, severe injuries, and mass movements of civilians. Exposure to war, living in conflict zones, and forced displacement increase the risk of experiencing a broad spectrum of direct and indirect burdens towards physical and mental health, in particula...
Article
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Background: Nursing home care is undergoing significant changes. This requires innovative teams operating in an effective workplace culture characterized by person-centeredness and offering evidence-based care. A pivotal role for bachelor- and master-educated nurses (BNs/MNs) is foreseen to facilitate such cultures; however, there is currently no c...
Article
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Z Hastalığının son evresinde olduğu öngörülen hastalar ve onların yakınları, hospiz olarak bilinen kurumlarda çok disiplinli bir ekip tarafından takip edilmeye ihtiyaç duyarlar. Bu derlemenin amacı son yıllarda dünyada ve ülkemizde etik bir sorun haline gelen prognozu ümitsiz hastaların ölüme yaklaşması ve ötanaziye alternatif bir yöntem olarak ben...
Article
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The focus of research, pertaining to the practice of Islam in prisons, has been primarily on Western countries (the US, the UK, and France) where Muslim inmates struggle with discrimination and stigmatization as “religious radicals” or “terrorists”. Far less is known about the relationship Muslim prisoners have with their faith in countries where I...
Article
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Antiblack racism is a system that is rooted in policies, practices, and institutions such as education, health care, and justice that reinforce beliefs, attitudes, prejudices, oppression, discrimination, and marginalization towards people of Black-African descent worldwide. As the first in a trilogy of Special Issues, this issue of Reflections focu...
Article
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While there has been a lot of debate over the impact of online and remote learning on mental health and well-being, there has been no systematic syntheses or reviews of the research on this particular issue. In this paper, we review the research on the relationship between mental health/well-being and online or remote learning. Our review shows tha...
Conference Paper
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The aim of this study is to determine how the theme of death in preschool children's literature is perceived by preschool teachers. For this purpose, four different children's literature works were examined by nine different preschool teachers and their opinions were recorded. The research was carried out with a qualitative approach in accordance w...
Article
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Abstract: Background: The suicide of a pupil impacts survivors greatly, but most studies on the subject do not consider school staff, and do not differentiate between the various professional domains. Our aim was to investigate the existence of differences in symptoms of complicated grief as well as post-trauma symptoms after a pupil’s suicide, amo...
Article
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The second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic outburst triggered enormously all over India. This ill-fated and fatal brawl affected millions of Indian citizens, with many active and infected Indians struggling to recover from this deadly disease to date, leading to a grief situation. The present situation warrants developing a robust and sound forecasti...
Article
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INTRODUCTION: When working in the fields of loss, grief, bereavement and dying, the lived experience of the social work students, and their developing practice in the field, can be enhanced by awareness of the concept of the wounded healer. METHODS: This study sought to explore the wounded healer concept amongst Australian social work students who...
Article
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In 2019, coronavirus, a respiratory virus, emerged from a seafood market in Wuhan, China. Afterward, this virus spread to other countries. Currently, about 6, 274, 323 deaths have been reported as a result of COVID-19 infection as of May 2022. Adverse life experiences contributed to mental illness, such as the trauma caused by the COVID-19 pandemic...
Poster
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Those personally affected by terrorism have been largely neglected in victimological literature as victims of violent crime. The tensions between public and private grief in the aftermath of terrorism are particularly under-researched. Through a micro-sociological lens, this project will examine how individuals personally affected by terrorism make...
Article
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Religion and spirituality have been an integral part of the African Americans’ culture since slavery. The African American communities experienced more deaths and losses during the COVID-19 pandemic. African Americans' coping with death and dying is influenced by their culture and religious practices. However, during the pandemic, African Americans...
Article
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Background Chinese clinical nurses are increasingly confronting patient death, as the proportion of hospital deaths is growing. Witnessing patient suffering and death is stressful, and failure to cope with this challenge may result in decreased well-being of nurses and impediment of the provision of “good death” care for patients and their families...
Article
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In her video and sound art practice, artist Shona Illingworth has extensively engaged with atmospheric environments as they are experienced physically and affectively. In the multi-screen and sound installation, Topologies of Air (2021), Illingworth addresses the conditions and discourses that define today’s perception and understandings of airspac...
Article
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Approximately 11 miles from the bright lights of Manhattan, a barren, windswept island sits in the Long Island Sound. The landscape is punctuated by crumbling buildings, trees snaking through broken windows after decades of neglect. There are no people here, save for the incarcerated men brought over from Rikers Island to dig endless wide trenches,...
Article
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Cholbi suggests three unique features of grief which are "unlike most emotional conditions": (1) grief is a concatenation of affective states rather than a single such state, (2) grief is not a perception-like state but a form of affectively-laden attention directed at its object, and (3) grief is an activity with an inchoate aim. While I essential...
Article
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The Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS) were designed to provide researchers in the mental sciences with an inventory to assess primary emotional systems according to Pankseppian Affective Neuroscience Theory (ANT). The original ANPS, providing researchers with such a tool, was published in 2003. In the present brief communication, abo...
Article
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Bereavement-related major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common disorder with both mental and physical effects. Specific psychotherapies for bereavement-related MDD remain unavailable in Japan despite its relatively high prevalence. Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) is a treatment with established efficacy for MDD, including bereavement-related MDD...
Article
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Many Pre-K through grade 12 (PK-12) students have experienced traumatic events throughout the pandemic in a myriad of ways including the death of family members and peers, loss of social interaction and increased violence at home. The consequences can be traumatic and manifest themselves in fear, anxiety, anger, isolation, and loneliness. Too often...
Article
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As the world suffers the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic, global justice activists pursue political solutions to its devastating consequences especially on the weakest sections of the world’s population. I analyse activists’ responses to the 2008 financial crisis to reflect on how collective action is impacted by social crises. The global justice...
Article
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Fatal accidents are a life changing event for surviving relatives. As secondary victims, their life is suddenly disrupted and becomes filled with mourning, sorrow, pain and uncertainty. A case study from the Netherlands shows that a range of organizations and institutions have a social responsibility to contribute to mitigating the suffering of sur...
Article
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There are various ethical issues in bereavement research. Most of the literature focuses on ethical issues involving adult participants. However, it is conceivable that research with minors poses particular ethical challenges, and little is known of the ethical issues involved in bereavement research with minors. A scoping review adhering to the PR...
Article
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People bereaved by suicide are affected psychologically and physically and may be at greater risk of taking their own lives. Whilst researchers have explored the impact of suicide on family members and friends, the area of colleague suicide has been neglected and postvention guidance for supporting surviving colleagues is often poorly developed. Th...
Preprint
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Purpose Family members of cancer patients experience a range of challenges and are impacted in various ways by the cancer. To our knowledge, the impact of cancer on adult siblings has yet to be explored. Sibling relationships are one of the longest relationships individuals have across the lifespan. Thus, the current study sought to investigate the...
Article
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This study assessed the association between emotional distress, sleep changes, decreased frequency of tooth brushing, and self-reported oral ulcers, and the association between COVID-19 status and decreased frequency of tooth brushing. Using a cross-sectional online survey, data were collected from adults in 152 countries between July and December...
Article
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Many parents, understandably, do not want to consider the risk of prenatal abnormalities before giving birth.[2] It is plausible that anticipating grief is painful. For this reason alone, such failure to help the women understand the journey during and after termination is unwarranted and hurtful. Not only this timely paper shares a first‑hand acco...
Article
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Aims and objectives: The aim of the present study is to investigate the professional grief suffered by nurses in various medical units, after coping with the COVID-19 pandemic for the last 18 months. Background: Addressing and acknowledging the reality of professional grief is of fundamental importance to nurses' mental health, as this condition...
Article
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Objectives The increase in the number of jurisdictions legalising medical assistance in dying (MAiD) has contributed to a growth in the number of family and friends who may face unique elements of grief and bereavement. The aim of this study was to review the literature of grief and bereavement of family and friends following MAiD, and to summarise...
Article
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Background Nurses are the main caregivers of dying patients. Facing or dealing with death-related events is inevitable. Death-coping self-efficacy (DCS) is very important, as it can reduce the risk of nursing staff to adverse emotional distress, help them participate in end-of-life care and improve the quality of care of patients. Methods Using th...
Article
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(ENG)This study examined the effect of attachment with companion animal on post traumatic growth (PTG) after bereavement, and investigated whether mourning and growth rumination mediate their relationship. Data were collected from 203 adults who had experienced the death of a companion animal, and serial multiple mediation model analysis was perfor...
Article
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Definition of the problem The eleventh version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11), which became effective in 2022, has raised a number of issues associated with medical ethics. Arguments In this context the paper explores the normative view of grief as a disease. ICD-11 contains the new diagnosis of “prolonged grief disorder”...
Article
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Scholars have begun to address how exposure to vicarious racial violence influences stress and coping processes among Black families in the U.S. Yet, fewer scholars have considered the importance of racial grief as a component of the coping process. The current study drew upon semi-structured interview data from 31 Black mothers in the U.S. (25–52...
Article
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En este ensayo, se analiza la representación del amor homosexual en dos personajes ancianos: Fernando y David, subrayando las características peculiares en el universo ficcional de Fernando Vallejo: humor, desencanto, crítica social, homosexualidad y ternura. A partir de la teoría del humor de Reinaldo Arenas y la autoficción de Diana Diaconu, así...
Article
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A partir de las nociones de melancolía y duelo, en este ensayo se hace una revisión de algunos poemas de Abigael Bohórquez en los que el motivo recurrente es el amor perdido, así como el sentido que el yo lírico le da al pasado desde el presente. Mediante la poesía, la voz poética comunica sus experiencias amorosas desde la pérdida del sujeto amado...
Conference Paper
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Despite the long history of studies on the skeletal development in squamates, many groups of these hyperdiverse clade are still understudied. One of such groups are the gekkotans, a species-rich clade of mostly nocturnal lizards, encompassing limbless and fully-legged, terrestrial and arboreal species. This clade occupies also a crucial position in...
Book
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This in-depth exploration of emotions in the ancient Near East illuminates the rich and complex worlds of feelings encompassed within the literary and material remains of this remarkable region, home to many of the world’s earliest cities and empires, and lays critical foundations for future study. Thirty-four chapters by leading international sch...
Article
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The objective was to analyze the events considered stressful by black elders. Eleven self-declared black elderly people participated (9 women and 2 men), aged between 60 and 83 years. The methodological strategy used was the narrative interview and the analysis was performed according to the qualitative analysis method proposed by Schutze. The even...
Article
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The number of assisted reproduction treatments with donated gametes (eggs and/or sperm) has progressively increased. As of the sanction of the Civil and Commercial Code (2015), reproductive technologies became a new source of filiation with its own characteristics, such as the obligation to register the birth of the child born from donated gametes....
Article
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Speculations about the origin of SARS-CoV-2 have catapulted bats into the spotlight of scientific and societal attention, with unforeseen consequences for bat conservation. In two global surveys with bat experts before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, we assessed their (i) threat perceptions, emotions towards bats and social trust in decision make...
Chapter
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In the ancient Mediterranean world (and elsewhere), care for the dead was a basic social act: an act that typically included, according to an ancient Mediterranean ritual koine, a corpse laid out for mourning, an escort to the tomb, and burial rites, followed by subsequent visits to the tomb. There were, of course, local dialects or regional inflec...
Article
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Background Recognition that the loss of a loved one may result in prolonged grief disorder (PGD) has gained broad attention recently. PGD may disturb daily functioning to such a degree that mental health treatment is required. Because PGD symptoms often resemble symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD) such as anxiety, depressive, and post-traumat...
Presentation
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The WoW Talks at George Washington University are 10-minute TED style presentations that offer snapshots of faculty’s latest research. In her talk, Professor Joubin will examine why gender has become the latest battle ground for culture wars. Anti-feminist, white nationalist, (trans)misogynist, anti-immigrant, and homophobic movements use “genderis...
Article
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Introdução: As restrições impostas pela pandemia SARS-CoV-2 dificultam a vivência dos processos de luto e a resolução de todas as suas fases, porquanto as pessoas "perderam" o direito de acompanhar os seus entes queridos na fase terminal e aos tradicionais rituais do velório. Objetivos: Identificar as condições em que decorrem os rituais fúnebres e...
Article
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Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an increasingly recognised cause of acute myocardial infarction, particularly in younger women without classic cardiac risk factors. While recent quantitative studies have noted high anxiety and depression in SCAD survivors, the full range and extent of psychosocial impacts of SCAD is unknown. The pr...
Article
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Background Maternal mortality has a multifaceted impact on families, especially in low- and middle-income countries, where rates of maternal mortality are high and resources can be lacking. The objective of this study was to explore the ways that maternal mortality influences the physical and emotional wellbeing, financial stability, and caregiving...
Article
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This transcendental phenomenological study explored psychologically traumatic incidents and risk factors among international faculty members (IFMs) who experienced long-term lockdowns during the Delta and Omicron outbreak periods in East China. Based on empirical voices from 18 IFMs in Shanghai, Hangzhou, and Nanjing, this study used trauma-informe...
Article
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A child’s death is a profound loss for mothers and affects hundreds of thousands of women. Mothers report inconsolable and progressive grief that is distinct from depression and impacts daily emotions and functions. The brain mechanisms responsible for this relatively common and profound mental health problem are unclear, hampering its clinical rec...
Poster
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According to Order (2017, p. 244), community radio broadcasting is "perfectly placed to tackle the far-reaching social issue of loneliness". This is important to note in consideration of older adult well-being. Thus, we have undertaken a program of mixed-methods research to investigate: 1) radio listeners' considerations of the purpose of radio; an...
Article
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Forcibly displaced individuals typically encounter daily stressors, which can negatively impact mental health above and beyond direct exposure to war-related violence, trauma and loss. Understanding the perspectives of war affected communities regarding daily stressors can enhance the integration of mental health into local primary care. The aim of...
Article
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Postmodern Algerian francophone literature suggests new themes that apprehend reflections on the existence in relation to human experience. Despite the prevalence of science in the modern era, some beliefs and superstitions have been able to cross time and find refuge in the fatalistic spirits nourished by despair and defeatism. The novel Douleur e...
Article
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Introduction According to recent reports Covid-19 patients may exhibit psychiatric co-morbidities that cause dysfunction, loss of autonomy and emotional suffering even after the physical illness is treated. Considering the high impact Covid-19 may have on mental health, we have created a psychiatric consultation dedicated to the study, observation...
Article
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Background Parents who lost their only child and cannot have a second child (“Shidu”) have been a large population in China. Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) in Shidu parents is of clinical and public health concern but the reported PGD prevalence varies widely. To facilitate the planning of grief counseling services, this meta-analysis estimated pre...
Article
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Introduction We present the case of a 48-year-old female patient diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder whose father passed away recently. The patient was facing an appalling mourning which was expressed in the form of behavior disorder and positive psychotic symptoms. Mourning is a natural reaction to the loss of a loved one which involves an int...
Article
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Introduction Anxiety disorders are frequent comorbidity in patients with schizophrenia. Their frequency in late-onset psychosis is unknown. Objectives We aimed to study life-time anxiety disorders as well as other psychiatric pathology in patients with late-onset schizophrenia (LoS) and late-onset delusional disorder (LoDD). Methods 42 patients w...
Article
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This article draws on the journal entries of 62 healthcare professionals (HCP) in the United States and Canada who participated in the Pandemic Journaling Project (PJP) during 2020–2021. The HCP in this article represented healthcare fields including medicine, nursing, physical therapy, social work, and clinical psychology. In their journal entries...
Article
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Introduction Pregnancy loss (PL) – by induced or spontaneous termination of pregnancy – is common, although its consequences on women’s mental health are often neglected in clinical practice. Objectives To understand the existence of psychiatric morbidity in women, associated with PL, as well as related risk factors. Methods Non-systematic review...
Article
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Introduction The Irish traveller community are an ethnic minority group known for their distinct identity. Although this group has its roots in Ireland, they are marginalised and discriminated against by every part of Irish society. Adolescent females encounter particular difficulties within the expectations of this community. They encounter specif...
Article
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Introduction Looking back into history, infectious diseases played an important role in human history being responsible, in terms of pathologies, for more deaths than any other disease. Objectives Considering that infectious diseases have a high rate of transmissibility, with an acute debut and sometimes with a fast evolution to exitus, the impact...
Article
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Introduction Grief is a normal and not necessarily pathological psychological process that occurs after the loss of a family member or loved one with its psycho-affective consequences, external manifestations and rituals. Although mourning processes can be associated with losses of different types (employment, housing, baseline situation, housing),...
Article
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Background Perinatal bereavement is an event that greatly impacts the emotional, psychological, and psychosocial aspects of those who want to have a child. Objectives Since there are few studies on the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on couples grieving for perinatal loss, this research aimed to survey this experience. Participants...
Article
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The therapeutic relationship (TR), including its therapeutic frame, is the foundation of the therapeutic endeavor. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic and the rapid transition to videoconferencing for therapeutic encounters, we employed a cross-sectional exploratory survey with 1490 respondents to understand how practitioners adapted to the change...