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Cowpea planting season is crucial for high yield and should comprise the period of the year that warrants the best climatic conditions for cowpea cultivation. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of water availability and temperature on the performance of cowpea cultivars. A greenhouse experiment was conducted using a 4 ×...
Article
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Many plant species develop fruits to attract animals that will eat them and then disperse the seeds. However, there are many plant species, whose seeds are dispersed endozoochorically, but their fruits are not particularly attractive to animals. The “Foliage is the fruit” (FF) hypothesis proposes that entire biomass of the plant exists to encourage...
Article
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This data relates to existing and planned electricity generation projects in Victoria, Australia. Planning Victoria, part of the Victorian Government, registered most projects. The technical performance data for the projects includes the electricity generated, input fuel, losses in the transmission of electricity, energy storage options, and transp...
Article
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The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of Beauveria bassiana (Bb 1205) on controlling Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol 17108) in tomato plants in greenhouse conditions. Inoculation of Bb 1205 was the most promising among the agronomic variables and expression of the activity of the enzymes β-1,3-glucanases and chitinases. I...
Article
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Drought is one of the most harmful abiotic stresses for plants. Future drought episodes are expected to increase, negatively affecting globally cultivated crops as wheat (Triticum aestivum). Together with the crop dependency, future global food security is at risk. Thus, finding alternative crops for wheat capable of resisting drought episodes is e...
Article
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Seed granulation is a coating technique, which turns a raw material mixture of sand, loam, water, seeds, and fertilizers into seedballs. It enhances the seedling establishment and early growth of crops, like pearl millet, in nutrient-poor soil. Mechanization is highly required, as large-scale production poses challenges to local farmers due to time...
Article
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One way to slow down climate change is to help consumers to make more sustainable decisions. The food system accounts for up to one third of greenhouse gas emissions. To ensure consumers can make more sustainable food choices they need to have the necessary knowledge to do so. But consumer perception of the sustainability of food product characteri...
Article
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Ink disease caused by the root-rot pathogen P. cinnamomi (Pc) threatens European sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) orchards, and growers increasingly graft susceptible C. sativa traditional varieties on Pc-resistant hybrid commercial rootstocks. The influence of the scion, the rootstock, and grafting per se on the vegetative budburst, growth,...
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The excessive irrigation and chemical fertilizer application in the greenhouse can lead to resources waste, environmental pollution and instable or even reduced fruit yields. A four-season experiment was conducted with three irrigation levels (W1, 100%ETc; W2, 75%ETc; W3, 50%ETc, where ETc was the crop evapotranspiration) and five fertilization pra...
Article
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Soil physical, chemical, and biological processes are influenced by soil water and heat conditions, which greatly depend on the crop root systems in different soil layers. Hence, understanding root distribution, soil water and heat dynamics is essential to improve water and nutrient use efficiency. A case study of tomato grown in a greenhouse with...
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Aims Soil legacy effects can have long-term impacts on soil microbial communities with implications for plant growth and community structure. These effects are well studied for invasive plants, particularly after removal of invasive species; however, we know less about the soil legacy effects post removal of native range expanding species. Methods...
Article
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Greenhouses protect plants year-round by creating controlled microclimates that rely on environmental control systems to regulate temperature, carbon dioxide, humidity, and other environmental factors. However, even with such systems in place, farmers and greenhouse operators face difficulties in managing humidity and temperature. The cost to buy,...
Article
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With the increasing demand for vegetable fruits, vegetable plants are moved to protected structures for achieving high production and economic revenue, especially in undesirable seasons. In North China, tomato crops, as widely consumed vegetables, are now increasingly planted in solar greenhouses (GH), especially in the winter period. To improve th...
Article
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Crop production encounters challenges due to the dearth of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), while excessive chemical fertilizer use causes environmental hazards. The use of N-fixing microbes and P-solubilizing microbes (PSMs) can be a sustainable strategy to overcome these problems. Here, we conducted a greenhouse pot experiment following a complet...
Article
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The Eocene‐Oligocene transition (EOT) marks the shift from greenhouse to icehouse conditions at 34 Ma, when a permanent ice sheet developed on Antarctica. Climate modeling studies have recently assessed the drivers of the transition globally. Here we revisit those experiments for a detailed study of the southern high latitudes in comparison to the...
Article
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Soilless cultivation is extensively used in the greenhouse industry. Recently, hydroponic cultivation of capia pepper has become popular among growers. Capia pepper is harvested at the red maturity stage, and intensive mineral fertilizers are usually used for soilless cultivation. This study was performed in a greenhouse during spring under Mediter...
Article
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Mining generates large quantities of mineral processing wastes that are typically stored in mine tailings (MT) ponds. Long-term exposure of the surrounding areas to the material from the tailings ponds has been reported to have adverse effects on both human health and the environment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of Atriple...
Article
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Previous studies suggest that greenhouse gas-induced warming can lead to increased fine particulate matter concentrations and degraded air quality. However, significant uncertainties remain regarding the sign and magnitude of the response to warming and the underlying mechanisms. Here, we show that thirteen models from the Coupled Model Intercompar...
Thesis
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My work had as its central goal the conservation of insular species in the Revillagigedo Archipelago, one of the most important insular systems in Mexico. My work took place on Isla Socorro, whose negative impacts due to the introduction of sheep led it to lose a large part of the cover of different endemic plant species in the southern zone. Soco...
Article
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The available phosphorus (P) in acid sulfate soils (ASSs) is low because of fixation by aluminum (Al) and iron (Fe), resulting in decreased P use efficiency and crop yield. At present, the use of dicarboxylic acid polymer (DCAP) coated on P fertilizer is expected to improve P use efficiency and plant productivity. However, the influence of DCAP on...
Article
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Climate change has been paramount a subject of the research. Various data mining techniques have been used to predict carbon dioxide emissions in the future. However, most of the researchers considered the energy consumption as the main source of carbon dioxide and used traditional methods for future prediction. This paper is about deep running in...
Article
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Research on carbon management is fueled by the growing concern over rising carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the atmospheric air and its possible impacts on the climate. In this study, we proposed a method of CO2 separation from atmospheric air. This study aimed to investigate the effects of CO2 enrichment on the air temperature inside a greenhouse us...
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Controlled environment agriculture hydroponic systems grow plants year-round without restriction from outside environmental conditions. In order to further improve crop yield, plant growth-promoting bacteria were tested on hydroponically grown lettuce (Lactuca sativa) plants. From our bacterial endophyte library, we found one bacterium, Pseudomonas...
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The Internet of Things (IoT) and convolutional neural networks (CNN) integration is a growing topic of interest for researchers as a technology that will contribute to transforming agriculture. IoT will enable farmers to decide and act based on data collected from sensor nodes regarding field conditions and not purely based on experience, thus mini...
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An increase in world energy consumption and its subsequent effect of carbon emission necessitates a shift towards the use of clean and sustainable fuels. Biomass is a promising resource for energy generation owing to its renewable nature and substantial energy content. The addition of plastics to improve the product yield has also been elaborated....
Article
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As a result of virus disease, producers have to renew passion fruit plantlets every year to ensure yield and fruit quality in Taiwan. Currently, the entire procedure—from the preparation of rootstock seeds to having plantlets ready for planting—may take ∼3 months. The shortage of grafted plantlets in internal and foreign markets is a continuous cha...
Article
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The rock bed heating system is a more cost-effective concept for storing thermal energy use in greenhouses at night during the cold winter season. This system is considered an environmentally friendly solution compared to conventional heating systems that rely on fossil fuels. Despite the abundance of research on thermal energy-based heating system...
Article
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Stripe rust is a serious wheat disease caused by Puccinia striiformis Westend f. sp. tritici Erikss. High-temperature resistance, which can be induced when the diurnal cycle changes to 15–28 °C or warmer temperatures, has been demonstrated to be non-race specific and durable. The objectives of this study were to evaluate a core collection of 305 Ch...
Article
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The management of soybean rust (SBR) caused by the obligate fungus Phakopsora pachyrhizi mostly relies on the use of synthetic fungicides, especially in areas where the disease inflicts serious yield losses. The reliance on synthetic fungicides to manage this disease has resulted in resistance of P. pachyrhizi populations to most fungicides. In thi...
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This article presents the performance of a low-cost, simple and sustainable natural convection greenhouse dryer (NCGHD) for vermicelli drying. Vermicelli samples of diameter (ø) 1.25, 2 and 3 mm have been dried until no moisture evaporation was observed. The values of convective and evaporative heat transfer coefficients for ø3 mm vermicelli sample...
Article
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Background: Coconut coir dust (CD) is commonly used for growing selected fruit and vegetables. It is a soilless medium with excellent drainage and high-water holding capacity; free from infestations of weeds and pathogens. However, plant growth is adversely affected due to its high salinity, potassium and low pH. Methods: A greenhouse experiment wa...
Article
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Eastern redcedar Juniperus virginiana is encroaching into new habitats, which will affect native ecosystems as this species competes with other plants for available resources, including water. We designed a greenhouse experiment to investigate changes in soil moisture content and rooting depths of two-year-old J. virginiana saplings growing with or...
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In dryland ecosystems, tree and shrub seedling establishment, growth and survival are limited by access to water and nutrients. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) increase seedling establishment and survival by enhancing nutrient and water acquisition. We executed a fully-factorial greenhouse experiment to determine the interactive effect of AMF (w...
Article
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In this paper, a dual stage cascade controller PI-(1+PD) is adopted to maintain and control temperature in greenhouse environment based on a smart and intelligent gorilla troops optimization (GTO) method for evaluating the controller gains to enhance the system response by reducing the error value and minimize the integral time absolute error (ITAE...
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Abstract: Limiting the consumption of nonrenewable resources and minimizing waste production and associated gas emissions are the main priority of the construction sector to achieve a sustainable future. This study investigates the sustainability performance of newly developed binders known as alkali-activated binders (AABs). These AABs work satisf...
Article
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Rice is being increasingly exposed to inorganic arsenic and this affects half of the world population because they are rice consumers. In this study, pot experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of two dose-dependent nanomaterials (silica and graphene) treatment on varied arsenic levels (2, 7 and 12 mg/kg). The results showed that bot...
Article
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Cucumber angular leaf spot (ALS) disease, caused by Pseudomonas amygdali pv. lachrymans (Pal), is an emerging disease with a high incidence that causes severe damage to cucumber worldwide. Bacterial aerosols play a crucial role in the epidemiology of greenhouse ALS disease. However, little is known about the influence of temperature and relative hu...
Chapter
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Managing weeds in crop production, whether in the field, or greenhouse, can be troublesome; however, it is essential to successful production. Weeds compete with the crop for nutrients, space, sunlight and also host plant pathogens and insect pests. The economic impacts of weeds include both monetary and non-monetary. In Australia, the overall cost...
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Storing carbon (C) in soil organic matter (SOM) is critical for mitigating climate change as well as for providing food security under extreme weather events. Mineral-associated organic matter (MAOM), which is the organic matter attached to silt and clay, has a longer residence time than the light, sand-sized particulate organic matter (POM). Hence...
Article
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The climate crisis and energy price increases make energy supply a crucial parameter in the design of greenhouses. One way to tackle both these issues is the local production of energy from renewable sources. Since the permitted photovoltaic power installation on a greenhouse roof is limited by the need for an adequate amount of photosynthetically...
Article
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Deserts are among the most important terrestrial sedimentary environments and have existed in all periods throughout Earth’s history. In contrast to modern deserts, the ability to quantitatively evaluate the area and desertification degrees of ancient deserts is limited due to the lack of unambiguous proxies. Dune morphology and their spatial arran...
Article
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This study was conducted to investigate the effect of some bio-fertilizer bacteria (Azotobacter chroococcum and Bacillus subtilus), mycorrhiza (Glomus mosseae) and combination of both (bacteria and mycorrhiza) and carbolizer with two levels (1.5 ml. L‾¹ and 2.5 ml. L‾¹), a combination of Bacteria and/or Mycorrhiza with each level of carbolizer and...
Article
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Food waste has been considered a global problem due to its adverse impacts on food security, the environment, and the economy; hence needs urgent attention and action. Its generation is expected to increase as the world population grows rapidly, leading to more global waste. This study sought the impacts of the COVID-19 outbreak on the 1-week opera...
Article
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Equatorward alongshore winds over major eastern boundary upwelling systems (EBUSs) drive intense upwelling via Ekman dynamics, surfacing nutrient-rich deep waters and promoting marine primary production and fisheries. It is generally thought, dating back to Bakun’s hypothesis, that greenhouse warming should enhance upwelling in EBUSs by intensifyin...
Article
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How will freshwater lakes in the Arctic respond to climate change, especially if polar amplification results in even greater warming at these northern latitudes? Deep time analogs offer opportunities to understand the potential effects of future climate warming on arctic environments. A core from the Giraffe Pipe fossil locality located in the Nort...
Article
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The objective of this work was to evaluate the rooting of semi-hardwood blueberry minicuttings, from different cultivars and groups, from the Highbush and Rabbiteye groups in the same culture medium. The experiment was carried out in an agricultural greenhouse in a commercial nursery whith semi-hardwood mini-cuttings were used. The work was conduct...
Article
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A technological study on the operation of a pneumatic separator on a BCC Cleaner&Seed Sizer (mini) machine for extraction of Scots pine (Pinus Sylvestris L.) seeds has been carried out. It is part of the new technological equipment for greenhouse production of container seedlings in the Lokorsko forest nursery. Compared to the traditional productio...
Article
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Crop wild relatives (CWRs) are important sources of novel genes, due to their high variability of response to biotic and abiotic stresses, which can be invaluable for crop genetic improvement programs. Recent studies have shown that CWRs are threatened by several factors, including changes in land-use and climate change. A large proportion of CWRs...
Article
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Hydrogen peroxide at low concentrations has been used as a salt stress attenuator because it induces a positive response in the antioxidant system of plants. This study aimed to assess the gas exchange, quantum yield, and development of soursop plants cv. Morada Nova grown with saline water irrigation and foliar hydrogen peroxide application. The e...
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3-й световой зоны. Исследования проводили в 2019-2020 годах на базе Учебно-научно производственного центра «Овощная опытная станция им. В.И. Эдельштейна» РГАУ-МСХА имени К.А. Тимирязева в летне-осеннем обороте в пленочной необогреваемой грунтовой теплице. Объектами исследования были сорта: Дамские пальчики, Красный бархат. Результаты. По итогам изу...
Article
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2018-2019 годах на базе Учебно-научно производственного центра «Овощная опытная станция им. В.И. Эдельштейна» РГАУ-МСХА имени К.А. Тимирязева в летне-осеннем обороте в пленочной необогреваемой грунтовой теплице. Объектами исследования являлись сорта и F1 гибриды баклажана: F1 Боровичок, F1 Багира, F1 Нежнейший, F1 Патио Трио, в качестве контроля ис...
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Tayebeh Alizamani1*, Jahanshir Shakarami2, Mozhgan Mardani- Talaee3, Arash Zibaee4 1, 2. Former Ph.D. student and Professor, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Lorestan University, Lorestan, Iran. 3. Former Ph. D. Student, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Univer...
Article
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The purpose of this study is the fabrication and performance evaluation of a new type of solar humidification–dehumidification (HD) desalination unit to supply sufficient fresh water for a seawater greenhouse in the MAKRAN coast in southeast Iran. In the proposed design, a particular type of air-to-air condenser is used. The cold air coming out of...
Article
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60 кг/м 2 , отличаться высоким каче-ством плодов, скороспелостью, обладать технологичностью, устойчивостью к основным болезням. Наряду с традиционной формой плодов для производителей интересны гибриды с оригинальной формой плода, окраской, вкусом и ароматом. Методика Целью исследований являлось сортоизучение индетерминантных F1 гибридов томата селе...
Article
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Understanding the performance of strawberry cultivars in response to the evolving environment and growth medium is a key factor in choosing materials with the aptitude to serve the consumer market. Here, we investigated whether strawberry cultivars in soilless cultivation and greenhouse differ in their agronomic potential. We have studied seven cul...
Article
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The main organic input for the elaboration of growing media is peat (Sphagnum spp.), due to its physical and chemical characteristics. However, the mining of this material creates a considerable impact in the local ecosystems from which this is obtained, along with a global impact because of the emission of greenhouse gasses. Thus, sustainable mate...
Research
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Floodplain wetlands are dynamic ecosystems and play a very important role in the regulation of greenhouse gasses by the mechanism of carbon sequestration. It also provides various ecosystem services by carbon cycling, cycling of water and nutrients, food production for an aquatic organism, provision of habitats, water purification, regulation of fl...
Article
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Main conclusion Dissimilar patterns of variants affecting genes involved in response to herbivory, including those leading to difference in VOC production, were identified in tomato lines with contrasting response to Tuta absoluta . Abstract Tuta absoluta is one of the most destructive insect pest affecting tomato production, causing important yie...
Article
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Biofertilizers, an integral component in green agriculture, help in nurturing the soil eco system by adding soil organic matter. Soil micro flora performs various activities which influence growth promotion resulting in crop productivity and yield. Synthetic biofertilizers, germicides, toxic materials and other crop inputs cause critical ecological...
Article
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Temperature has an important influence on plant growth and development. In protected agriculture production, accurate prediction of temperature environment is of great significance. However, due to the time series, nonlinear and multi coupling characteristics of temperature, it is difficult to achieve accurate prediction. We proposed a method for b...
Preprint
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The use of resistant wheat cultivars is a fundamental strategy to minimize the damages caused by blast, a disease caused by the fungus Pyricularia oryzae Triticum (PoT). The objective of this study was to evaluate (a) the reaction to blast of Brazilian wheat cultivars and (b) to determine whether there is correlation between severity of symptoms on...
Article
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Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is native to South America and is the main vegetable grown in Brazil and worldwide. One of the diseases that can attack potato crops is the common scab, caused by the bacteria Streptomyces scabies, which affect roots and tubers. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of different sources of cultivati...
Article
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This study aims to provide information and theoretical support for the development planning of facility agriculture in desert areas. Using sensor monitoring, USB cable, and computer connection record, we measured the temperature, humidity, and heat transfer distribution of ordinary brick wall greenhouse (G1), composite wall greenhouse (G2), and ass...
Article
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Nitrate accumulation is a major factor for the secondary salinization of greenhouse soil in China. Our previous study pointed out that a low ratio of red:far-red light (R:FR) can improve salt tolerance in pakchoi under excessive nitrate stress. However, the nitrogen metabolism mechanism is still unclear. To detect the effect of a low R:FR ratio on...
Article
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A method of establishing a prediction model of the greenhouse temperature based on time-series analysis and the boosting tree model is proposed, aiming at the problem that the temperature of a greenhouse cannot be accurately predicted owing to nonlinear changes in the temperature of the closed ecosystem of a greenhouse featuring modern agricultural...