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Publications related to Grammar (10,000)
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Article
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This paper aims to illuminate ways in which digital tools can be used to translate tacit knowledge to further analyze and evaluate the hands-on making processes with craft tools. The research methodology reviews and analyses the making grammar studies and digital tools developed by makers to suggest a procedure for parametrization and digitalizatio...
Article
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The logical problem of language acquisition has been at the forefront of psycholinguistics and behavioral neuroscience for decades. One of the most influential answers to the problem of how successful acquisition occurs on the basis of noisy input suggests that the child is aided by innate principles and parameters (P&P). These are conceived as par...
Preprint
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Learning a foreign language implies a lot more than learning grammar and vocabulary. Language learners should also acquire the necessary social and cultural skills that would allow them to interact within the context where the target language is expected to be used. As a result, EFL teachers face the challenge of selecting and explaining the cultur...
Article
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This paper sets out to disentangle the natural developments leading away from encoding semantic relations by inflectional case towards encoding them by means of prepositions, on the one hand, and the impact of the Attistic language ideology on the development of prepositions on the other. Our aim is to describe the major standardisation trends in t...
Conference Paper
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Workflow languages play a key role in the discipline of Business Process Management (BPM): they allow business processes to be modelled in order to simplify their automatic management by means of BPM systems. Numerous workflow languages addressing various issues (expressiveness, formal analysis, etc.) have been proposed. In the last decade, some wo...
Article
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Recent machine learning studies present accurate results generating prediction models to identify refactoring operations for a program. However, such works are limited to prediction, i.e., they learn refactoring operations strictly as applied by developers, but there are possibilities that they might not think. On the other hand, the Search-Based S...
Article
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This study investigates the role of recursive language and working memory (WM) in second-order false belief skills in Danish-speaking children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 62; 8 females) and typical development (n = 41; 15 females), ages 6–16. Second-order false belief skills correlated with receptive grammar, vocabulary, and age; senten...
Article
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Acknowledgment First, my utmost gratitude and praise to Allah for helping and guiding me to complete this research project. I am so grateful to my teacher and supervisor (Dr. Nazanin), whose support, guidance, and feedback helped me to get a clear vision about the topic of the thesis throughout the research. Without her supervision and constant hel...
Poster
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Gamified formative assessment has been increasingly popular within English language education due to its potential to promote learning processes. However, no existing review was identified to synthesise the effectiveness of gamified formative assessment for English language learning, especially for school-aged learners. This scoping review contribu...
Article
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The paper aims at elaborating on prefixal verbs, particularly those containing the morpheme "durch" ,with regard to cognitive grammar. The reflections are carried out against the background of cognitive theories. They revolve around phenomena such as metonymy and conceptual metaphors – regarded as ubiquitous processes enabling us to capture the not...
Article
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This is a review of Lambek, Joachim From rules of grammar to laws of nature. (English) Zbl 07545238 Languages and Linguistics. New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers/Novinka (ISBN 978-1-63117-250-2). xii, 104 p. (2014).
Article
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The few reports on the language skills of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) offer conflicting evidence on whether they face significant challenges, and if so, whether these challenges are present in all aspects of language. Here, we investigated a sample of Greek-speaking children with ADHD ( n = 29) using a structural l...
Article
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Peer feedback is a frequent feature of second language (L2) writing instruction. However, whether it is facilitative of L2 writing development is controversial. This meta-analysis aggregates the quantitative results of 26 empirical studies to (1) provide an accurate estimate of peer feed-back's effectiveness in improving L2 writing, (2) compare its...
Conference Paper
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This paper is on the efficiency in technical English as a viable tool for poverty alleviation for the youths in Nigeria. It emphasizes that whereas our industries are in need of the youths with technical skills in civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical and electronic engineering, etc, for their gainful operations, there is also the i...
Article
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The article presents the latest results and details of modeling the Tibetan verbs in the formal grammar and computer ontology. It describes the partially automated model which constructs semantic classes for verbs based on their syntactic and semantic valencies using an ontological editor and following the corpus data. The resulting model not only...
Conference Paper
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A variety of statistical methods for noun compound analysis are implemented and compared. The results support two main conclusions. First, the use of conceptual association not only enables a broad coverage , but also improves the accuracy. Second , an analysis model based on dependency grammar is substantially more accurate than one based on deepe...
Article
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Successful adaptive behavior requires efficient attentional and locomotive systems. Previous research has thoroughly investigated how we achieve this efficiency during natural behavior by exploiting prior knowledge related to targets of our actions (e.g., attending to metallic targets when looking for a pot) and to the environmental context (e.g.,...
Article
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Many of today’s educational organizations around the world contend with complex challenges. Yet, longstanding practices and norms in educational systems can hamper educators’ abilities to identify and address these challenges, such as only principals leading change efforts or the use of misaligned “quick fixes” for ill-defined challenges. A design-...
Book
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This grammatical series will help you to automatize the foundation of the English language, which is the grammar of the English verb: tenses, verbals, auxiliaries, time markers, tense axis, temporal structures, finite and non-finite structures, regular and irregular verbs, verb forms, auxiliary drills, modal auxiliaries, verb patterns, syntactic dr...
Book
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This grammatical series will help you to automatize the foundation of the English language, which is the grammar of the English verb: tenses, verbals, auxiliaries, time markers, tense axis, temporal structures, finite and non-finite structures, regular and irregular verbs, verb forms, auxiliary drills, modal auxiliaries, verb patterns, syntactic dr...
Book
Full-text available
This grammatical series will help you to automatize the foundation of the English language, which is the grammar of the English verb: tenses, verbals, auxiliaries, time markers, tense axis, temporal structures, finite and non-finite structures, regular and irregular verbs, verb forms, auxiliary drills, modal auxiliaries, verb patterns, syntactic dr...
Preprint
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We present Animated Vega-Lite, a set of extensions to Vega-Lite that model animated visualizations as time-varying data queries. In contrast to alternate approaches for specifying animated visualizations, which prize a highly expressive design space, Animated Vega-Lite prioritizes unifying animation with the language's existing abstractions for sta...
Book
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This practical series represents a comprehensive reference guide to major aspects of English vocabulary as well as the key topics in English grammar, from verb forms, tense structures and uses to modality and the structure of sentences. It will also help you to master the punctuation, spelling, and pronunciation of the verb in both American and Bri...
Article
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Pseudowords allow researchers to investigate multiple grammatical or syntactic aspects of language processing. In order to serve that purpose, pseudoword stimuli need to preserve certain properties of real language. We provide a Python-based pipeline for the generation of pseudoword stimuli that sound/read naturally in a given language. The pseudow...
Preprint
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Past approaches to translate a phrase in a language L1 to a language L2 using a dictionary-based approach require grammar rules to restructure initial translations. This paper introduces a novel method without using any grammar rules to translate a given phrase in L1, which does not exist in the dictionary, to L2. We require at least one L1-L2 bili...
Preprint
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Knowledge representation and reasoning (KRR) systems represent knowledge as collections of facts and rules. Like databases, KRR systems contain information about domains of human activities like industrial enterprises, science, and business. KRRs can represent complex concepts and relations, and they can query and manipulate information in sophisti...
Article
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A number of studies on second language or foreign language anxiety have reported the enervating effect it can cast on learning, particularly speaking a second/foreign language, that must be overcome by students in order for them to take full advantage of second/foreign instructions (Horwitz et al., 1986 as cited in Tanveer, 2007). Hence, the main p...
Book
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This book contains: 3 Essential skills for teacher; Interpersonal skills for tutor (checklist); Events of instruction (summarized); Methods of teaching (more than 100); English learning material for Vocabulary, Grammar, Reading, Writing, Listening, and Speaking.
Conference Paper
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We’re living in the age of computers, where most of our communication is done on keyboards. What this does is blur the distinction between speech and writing. Patricia O’Conner says that rather than being obsessed by error, we should nurture our love of talking about words, about language. She adds that thanks to the computer, Americans are communi...
Article
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This study investigates the gradience in mismatch acceptability in Greek rap Imperfect Rhyme. We consider that the rhyme domains of a rhyming pair are in a Base-Reduplicant correspondence relationship, requiring segmental identity in Place of Articulation, Manner of Articulation and voicing, and manifesting a gradient acceptability of featural mism...
Article
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Studies focusing on affective factors/emotions in learning are a mainstay in second language (L2) research. L2 teacher-focused research has also made advances in this domain and established the importance of affective factors for both learners and teachers. Despite the field’s understanding of the emotional complexity of L2 teaching, much remains u...
Preprint
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It has been shown in separate studies that phonological grammar can operate probabilistically and in phonetically unnatural directions. This paper examines whether phonological grammar can be both probabilistic and unnatural at the same time. We create a new corpus of Tarma Quechua vocabulary (based both on published and unpublished data), and argu...
Article
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Providing pedestrian accessibility to urban services is a big challenge and a key factor in creating more walkable urban areas. Moreover, it is a critical aspect of climate-resilient urban planning as it is broadly assumed that neighborhoods with greater walkability discourage automobile use and reduce CO2 emissions. The idea of 15-minute cities, d...
Chapter
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Infographic is a multimodal genre that transforms complex information into easy-to-understand visualizations. Anchored in the Grammar of Visual Design of Kress and van Leeuwen (2006[1996]) and the processes of knowledge of the pedagogy of multiliteracies (Kalantzis & Cope, 2012), this study produces a semio-pedagogical and technological training co...
Article
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Resumo O presente texto tem por objetivo completar a nossa pesquisa realizada no primeiro trimestre de 2021, cujos resultados foram publicados, na sua maior parte, no artigo Género gramatical de covid-xenismos, no número temático da revista Études Romanes de Brno (1/2021), intitulado Léxico português no século XXI: alterações, tendências, perspetiv...
Article
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Introduction Technological advances and globalization have made the contemporary global society highly competitive. In responding to these dramatic changes, individuals have developed multiple creative strategies to adapt to these new changes. One of these strategies entails learning foreign languages for individuals to find accommodation in the mu...
Article
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This research aims to find out the solutions of the students' problem on speaking skill , through implementing pair work activities using functional languages examples. . The.goal of teaching speaking skill is to communicate efficiency. Learners should be able to make themseties understood, using th6ir current proficiency to the fullest. They shou...
Conference Paper
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In recent decades much of the research on Basque historical linguistics has focused on reconstructing specific features of the proto-language, mostly within the fields of phonology and morphology (Hualde 1997; Manterola 2009; Lakarra 2011; Martínez-Areta (ed.) 2013; Igartua 2015; Aldai 2020). As a result of this trend, the reconstruction of some ar...
Conference Paper
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Visual programming is widely adopted in learning, usually with jigsaw-style blocks that may be freely placed on a canvas. While grammatical correctness is forced by the allowed compositions, syntactic information is not communicated to learners, causing the underlying language grammar to be experientially assimilated. But grammars are crucial for t...
Article
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In recent years, the study of evaluative linguistic expressions has crossed the field of theoretical linguistics and has aroused interest in very different research areas such as artificial intelligence, psychology or cognitive linguistics. The interest in this type of expressions may be due to its relevance in applications such as opinion mining o...
Article
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En este trabajo, se aborda El pensamiento base de la gramática (1867) de Roberto Wernicke, una gramática escolar atípica en el contexto hispánico. Su análisis revela, por un lado, un planteamiento que vincula lengua y pensamiento, derivado de los estudios gramaticales alemanes y no de la gramática filosófica francesa; y, por otro, una orientación h...
Presentation
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It has been universally accepted (e.g., Kager, 1999; Hayes and White, 2015) that “classical OT” (without, e.g., local constraint conjunction) can generate neither chain shift patterns (e.g., /b/ ∼ [B] and /p/ ∼ [b] in the same contexts) nor saltations (/p/ ∼ [B] but /b/ stays [b]). We provide existence proofs for classic OT grammars (inputs and ran...
Article
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Machine learning on trees has been mostly focused on trees as input. Much less research has investigated trees as output, which has many applications, such as molecule optimization for drug discovery, or hint generation for intelligent tutoring systems. In this work, we propose a novel autoencoder approach, called recursive tree grammar autoencoder...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents a simple parsing for Oriya Language using Context-Free-Grammar. Parsing is the technique used to describe the process of automatically building syntactic analysis of a sentence in terms of given grammar and lexicon. Parsing is also used to include both syntactic and semantic analysis, basically we here focus on parsing for "Oriy...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents a simple parsing for Oriya Language using Context-Free-Grammar. Parsing is the technique used to describe the process of automatically building syntactic analysis of a sentence in terms of given grammar and lexicon. Parsing is also used to include both syntactic and semantic analysis, basically we here focus on parsing for "Oriy...
Preprint
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We propose a novel method enabling autocompletion of chemical flowsheets. This idea is inspired by the autocompletion of text. We represent flowsheets as strings using the text-based SFILES 2.0 notation and learn the grammatical structure of the SFILES 2.0 language and common patterns in flowsheets using a transformer-based language model. We pre-t...
Article
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The accelerated use of technical prostheses as assistive devices has resulted in an externalisation of the site of cognition outside the sensory-motor neural apparatus. This has in turn problematised the notion of embodied cognition and corporeal integrity. Bernard Stiegler in For a New Critique of Political Economy (2010a) states that human beings...
Article
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Text adversarial attack is a serious problem in natural language processing applications. Neural text classifiers can be misled by perturbed examples, which have several characters or words modified. Defending word-level adversarial attack is also a challenge task for the reason that adversarial examples’ spelling, grammar, and semantics are all co...
Article
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Human perception relies on chunking up an incoming information stream into smaller units to make sense of it. Evidence of chunking has been found across different domains, including visual events, music, and dance movement. It is largely uncontested that language processing must also proceed in smaller chunks of some kind. What these online chunks...
Article
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The Quran was Revealed in Conversational Arabic Shaker Amery* Abstract Allah, because of His wisdom and omniscience chose Arabic as a framework and expression of His greatness and miracles. The multitude of Arabic dialects at the time of the revelation of the Quran has caused the scholars to disagree on the dialect in which the Quran was revealed....
Article
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AIM: The aim of the research was to find out the differences in the level of motor learning (ML) and general intelligence (IQ). The research sample included 120 boys and girls of primary school and grammar school aged 12-17 years and the subsequent identification of a possible relationship between the two indicators. METHODS: 120 students Elementar...
Article
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The current study investigates how native speakers of a morphologically complex language (Finnish) handle uncertainty related to linguistic forms that have gaps in their inflectional paradigms. We analyze their strategies of dealing with paradigmatic defectivity and how these strategies are motivated by subjective contemporaneousness, frequency, ac...
Article
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Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) is a technology for designing software systems. By using this architecture, new challenges appeared for software testing. Functional testing of services assures the quality of service-oriented applications. Herein, we introduce a new test web service named TaaWS (Test as a Web Service), which is a combination of...
Article
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The sudden shift from traditional to online learning because of the COVID-19 pandemic has made written communication the primary method for students and instructors to send and receive information. However, most students still experience challenges when communicating with their instructors in written form, especially first-year university students....
Article
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I used Blackboard, WebCT, Moodle, Nicenet and RCampus in teaching reading, writing, vocabulary and grammar courses to freshman students as a supplement to in-class instruction that depended on the textbook. In each online course, there was a student leader. Student leaders had the highest posts and responses (between 50- 150 posts) and the highest...
Article
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Controlled natural languages (CNLs) have been proposed to address some of the issues of natural language when it is used to express requirements. CNLs, however, are based on formal grammar, which can easily become complex, hard to read, and especially hard to write, and the implementation of support tools can also demand a significant effort. Moreo...
Article
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Teaching methods or approaches refer generally to the general theories and principles, pedagogy and management strategies used for classroom instruction. Teachers often resort to use different teaching philosophy and approaches that would determine the type of classroom interaction they tend to employ. Some teachers encourage the students' native l...
Article
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Language evaluation research currently focuses on the analysis of scholars from various native language backgrounds, whereas the local grammatical characteristics of other groups, particularly English language learners, are discussed less frequently. Local grammar offers a new perspective for analyzing the meaning characteristics of evaluation lang...
Article
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The present paper compares and contrasts the televised Ramayana and Mahabharata which turned out to be not only thumping commercial successes but determinative as far as popular view of epics was concerned, and was central in redefining the political sensibility of entire populations. After briefly mentioning the inherent fluidity of the epic tradi...
Article
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This is a reviewed French grammar for all levels. You can find the article/book very useful to boost your knowledge in French grammar.
Book
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“Dictionary and Grammar of Ashing: A Moribund Language of Arunachal Pradesh” is an outcome of the collective efforts of the research team of the North Eastern Council (NEC) funded project titled, "Documentation of Endangered Languages, Oral Narratives and Cultures of the Lesser-known Tribal communities of Arunachal Pradesh" under the aegis of Centr...
Article
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Reproducibility, traceability, and transparency have been long-standing issues for metabolomics data analysis. Multiple tools have been developed, but limitations still exist. Here, we present the tidyMass project ( https://www.tidymass.org/ ), a comprehensive R-based computational framework that can achieve the traceable, shareable, and reproducib...
Conference Paper
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We extend our previous neural dynamic models of visual search and scene memory (Grieben et al. (2020); Grieben and Schöner (2021)) to move beyond classical "laboratory" stimuli. The new model can autonomously explore a natural scene and build a scene memory of recognized objects and their locations. It is also capable of guided visual search for ob...
Article
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After decades of persistent dominance of monolingual approaches in language teaching, we are now witnessing a shift to pluralist pedagogical practices that recognize learners’ mother tongues (MTs) as a valuable resource. This paper examines data from 44 questionnaire respondents and 4 interviewees to investigate teacher perspectives on using learne...
Article
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The purpose of this study is to explore and illuminate possible relationship between Google Classroom and ESL learners' narrative essay writing. Ninety-five Year 5 and Year 6 of 40 male and 55 female learners participated in this research. The learners were chosen because they were not interested in writing and always complained when it comes to wr...
Preprint
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In this paper, we present specially designed automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems for the highly agglutinative and inflective languages of Tamil and Kannada that can recognize unlimited vocabulary of words. We use subwords as the basic lexical units for recognition and construct subword grammar weighted finite state transducer (SG-WFST) graph...
Conference Paper
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The Croatian educational system has recently experienced a sequence of changes. The educational reform set a new principle – the principle of the curriculum instead of the previous plan-program-content principle. The main characteristic of the new process is learning outcomes that are achieved through the activities of the students, followed by cle...
Article
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Abstract: This article is a functional description of an aspect of textual grammar of Vietnamese. The theoretical framework adopted for the description is Systemic Functional Grammar (SFG) as developed by Halliday and other systemicists. The focus is on the description of Theme in the clause simplex. Two main questions which form the basis of this...
Article
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The Mughal emperors brought significant changes to the various aspects of Indian subcontinent. The construction of a strong central and provincial government, land and revenue arrangements, the revival of trade and commerce, the establishment of justice, and the growth and development of education all contributed to the medieval period being seen a...
Article
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This study aims to develop the Gramabot application as a means of online learning during the pandemic and to examine its effectiveness as a medium for German grammar learning. The design-based research uses learning experience design methodology. Beside an introduction of the state of the art of chatbots for language learning, the paper describes t...
Thesis
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Este trabalho procurou compreender experiências educativas vividas com as expressões artísticas na escola, através da narração de histórias de experiências de crianças e de adultos, que traduzam perceções e sentidos acerca de seus percursos educativos, gerando significados sobre a expressividade artística do corpo na escola. Recorremos à investigaç...
Article
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The paper focuses on linguistic complexity and language universals, which are two important and controversial issues in language research. A Fuzzy Property Grammar for determining the degree of universality and complexity of a natural language is introduced. In this task, the Fuzzy Property Grammar operated only with syntactic constraints. Fuzzy Na...
Article
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The effectiveness of technical communication among medical peers is, to a great extent, determined by the accuracy of the jargon that is used, so as to avoid errors in interpretations or ambiguity in the message. "Tortured phrases", a fairly new phenomenon, employ ambiguous language to provide odd or synonymous meanings that substitute for establis...
Article
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This paper presents an integration of mental spaces theory and the notion of grounding. The aim is to present a communication model based on the idea of blending of mental spaces that can be used to analyse an ongoing discourse and represent the functions of grounding elements in speaker — hearer interaction. The objective is to emphasise the inter...
Preprint
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Most users of low-code platforms, such as Excel and PowerApps, write programs in domain-specific formula languages to carry out nontrivial tasks. Often users can write most of the program they want, but introduce small mistakes that yield broken formulas. These mistakes, which can be both syntactic and semantic, are hard for low-code users to ident...
Article
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Learning foreign languages for worldwide communication has become increasingly important for university students as the desire for global integration has grown. As a result, English as a second language should become a required course at the university level. However, achieving their speaking competency level in this situation is difficult for Engl...
Poster
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ABSTRACT Keystroke loggings, as an innovative research tool, enable us to look more precisely at typing, pauses and revision behaviour of language learners during the writing process (Leijten & Van Waes, 2013; Van Waes et al., 2012; Wengelin et al., 2019); however, we need more qualitative data to understand the resons for pauses and revisions prod...
Article
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The article examines and evaluates the potential of applying technology in learning and preparation for the Japanese N2 Certificate of Japan. With the wave of investments by Japanese companies in the Vietnamese market, the demand for training for human resources who can speak Japanese is a hot topic in the Vietnamese market. However, mastering Japa...