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Government - Science topic

The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.
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Publications related to Government (10,000)
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In relation to the Turkish-Armenian conflict, one of the most important issues on the agenda today is the question of abandoned Armenian property. Members of the Armenian Diaspora are claiming compensation from Turkey for those properties abandoned and/or confiscated to meet the requirements of the army during the WW1. Armenians argue that they hav...
Conference Paper
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An in-depth knowledge of the main principles governing the calculation methods implemented in the most widespread software is a key element for suitable geotechnical and structural design. This paper presents the main results of some comparative numerical analyses carried out for the design of flexible back-anchored retaining structures. The adopte...
Article
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We consider a horizontal, submerged plate in shallow water that is allowed to oscillate in the vertical direction due to the wave loads. The plate is attached to a linear spring and damper to control the oscillations. The focus of the study is on the transformation of the wave field by the submerged oscillating plate. To estimate energy scattering,...
Article
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The popularity of Douyin (known as TikTok overseas) could provide additional mental health information services to Chinese women. However, the factors that influence women to seek mental health information services in Douyin are still understudied. The study applied the Comprehensive Model of Information Seeking (CMIS) to Chinese women's mental hea...
Article
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Memoirs are a means of knowing more about the events of contemporary Iranian history, and in the history of Persian literature, many poets and writers have always used many of this literary form to express their thoughts and ideas. Ali Esfandiari, also known as Nima Yushij, is one of the poets whose poems have been included in literary memoirs. Thi...
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Despite the widespread practice of cooperation between governments and universities on smart city and smart government projects, the factors influencing this cooperation are not well known. We explore government-university collaboration to illuminate four potential determinants of success in such projects: output, institutional , relationship, and...
Preprint
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The present study addresses the question, "How serious is bribery?" In order to arrive at an answer, it was necessary to compare the seriousness of bribery to that of other selected moral acts. World Values Survey data for the Philippines were used to compare bribery to 18 other moral issues. Respondents were asked to select a number from 1 to 10,...
Article
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We study how orchestrators of innovation ecosystems govern their relationships with multiple heterogeneous complementors that differ in their positions and activities that contribute to an integrated value proposition. Prior research has focused on ecosystem-wide and complementor-specific governance, each not suited to adequately address the challe...
Conference Paper
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Online transactions have grown to gain significant attention from various stakeholders in governments, business, and research practitioners all over the world. A decade ago, the first cryptocurrency transaction was executed to pave the way for a new era of online transactions. However, there is a relatively low adoption of blockchain-based cryptocu...
Research
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In previous centuries money used to be real money or linked to fixed quantity of gold or silver. Thus interest meant a real or quantitative excess and that is what Riba is. However freely floating fiat money is not a real money and it is a variable quantity of wealth that continues to decrease with time as governments raise money supply more than n...
Chapter
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This chapter addresses the relationship between affordable energy and energy justice. Inevitably, affordability is obtained when there is fair distribution of the energy benefits and burdens, meaning securing affordable energy to all. Additionally, this chapter explores different restrictions, limitations and barriers that nations may face when ach...
Presentation
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Mainstreaming Farmers’ Variety: Indigenous Crop Promotion Endeavours of Government of Nepal
Preprint
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In which I provide the American government with a way to save its reputation and prevent genocide in Palestine and global war.
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This research examines the integration of mining development in the border region of the Riau Islands from an ecofeminist perspective. The study was conducted using a qualitative approach, through in-depth interviews with various stakeholders, document analysis, and direct observation in the field. The aim of this research is to explore the impact...
Article
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That the potential for overlap in the authority of the BPD and the Head as a form of normative application of Law Number 6 of 2014 is very large, especially if we look at aspects of implementing the functions of the BPD Institution which will coincide with the function of the village head as executor of government in the village. The formulation of...
Article
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The low birth rate is a global phenomenon that cannot be overlooked, having profound implications for the socio-economic conditions of many nations and regions. The declining birth rates in China and Japan have been a significant part of the global discourse on this topic. This paper analyzes the impact of low birth rates on the employment of unive...
Article
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Chinese real estate is an important pillar of the economy, and the risk of it has shown a greater risk potential in recent years due to the impact of COVID-19. This study investigates the risks of Chinese real estate market and analyzes the corresponding risk-solving countermeasures in combination with government policies to achieve the smooth oper...
Article
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p>Bantuan Langsung Tunai Dana Desa (BLT-DD), or known as Village Fund Direct Cash Assistance is assistance from the Indonesian government which causes problems and conflicts in the community when the assistance is not on target. The classification algorithm is proven to use in determining BLT-DD recipients. In this study, the radial basis function...
Article
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Digital inclusive finance, as a new financial service model, promotes small and medium-sized enterprise innovation by providing easier financing through various technological means. The government's regulatory policies and commercial banks' interest rate policies have an impact on their financing services, thus affecting SME innovation. In addition...
Article
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Promoting the development of green industries to facilitate the growth of green finance has become a consensus among various sectors of society. This article focuses on the game theory strategies between governments and polluting companies in the context of green finance. Taking the Prisoner's Dilemma game model as an example, we discuss if polluti...
Preprint
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A stylized model of civil disobedience is considered, in which individuals from group N may intentionally reduce their contribution to a public good in order to destabilize the government and thus prevent it from passing a reform that harms their group while benefiting individuals from group M. Thus, the non-contribution of group N to the public go...
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Dennis Trewin, Nicholas Fisher and Noel Cressie describe how a lack of statistical thinking led to mindless government technology and unimaginable stress for half a million Australians, some of whom took their own lives SIGNIFICANCE 18 December 2023
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This article studies the infodemic in Mexico, which arose as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic. During the first lockdown of 2020, as panic and riots against government institutions spread through the center, south and southeast of the country, the legend of the werewolf was born. To explain the twofold influence of the pandemic and the infodemic o...
Article
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Due to the improvement of information technology, the emergence of 5G network, and the rapid development of global informatization, the Internet economy, as an emerging force, has developed rapidly, and gradually formed a network economy and society with Internet as the center. By April 2023, the number of Internet users worldwide has reached 8.5 b...
Article
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School choice mechanisms are used to determine how to assign students to the public schools. These mechanisms take into account the students preferences order and the schools priority order to calculate an assignment that meets the needs and preferences of both students and schools. This paper sketches the school choice problem and its real-life co...
Article
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The right to self-defense, against the attack of others, is recognized as one of the inherent rights of individuals. This right is recognized in international documents, the sources of the Islamic legal system, and other legal systems. Individuals and governments cannot produce, store, and use nuclear weapons under the pretext of self-defense, beca...
Article
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A new model which implemented to handle stunting called convergence policy model. The aim of the study is to analysis the convergence policy model. The study method used is mixed methods, namely quantitative and qualitative. The result of study showed that convergence policy model which is recently implemented (“existing model”) consist of 8 integr...
Article
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Intelligence gathering is an essential function for governments, security agencies, and organizations worldwide. It involves the collection, analysis, and dissemination of information critical to decision-making, security, and strategic planning. In this age of information abundance, the field of intelligence gathering has evolved, with knowledge e...
Article
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This paper analyzes the influence of government support on the implementation of video surveillance, one of the tools usable in smart cities, and the effect of this technology on the performance of public security in the city of Recife. With a qualitative approach, the study locus was the Integrated Center (CIODS), which encompasses the public secu...
Article
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Zombie enterprises, predominantly found in state-owned heavy industries and labor-intensive sectors, have emerged as a crucial challenge in recent years' supply-side structural reforms. To address this issue, this study constructs an evolutionary game model involving enterprises, banks, and the government. By employing replicated dynamic equations,...
Article
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Governments in developed nations today collect high tax revenues and spend vast amounts on security, regulation, infrastructure, and social programs. Yet developed nations were in no way born with effective state institutions. What explains the emergence of the modern state? And, why did capable states first form historically in Western Europe? Pro...
Article
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For the development of sustainable geospatial system Khartoum State has to initiate an strategy to implement an enterprise GIS solutions, which necessitate the development and utilization of Spatial Data Infrastructure, as well as the unification of geomatics standards, specification and referencing systems, By fully implementing SDI based on well...
Article
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Current land disputes in Indonesia are not new. This land dispute has been going on for decades. The causes of land disputes such as land theft are generally due to the increasing demand and need for land. Behavior that is detrimental to indigenous peoples includes events against the law. Therefore, research is needed entitled Legal Protection for...
Article
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The objective of this article is to identify civil actors who began their political careers between 1929 and 1943, to elucidate what made possible the transition from governments presided over by veteran generals of the Revolution to governments made up of civilian political professionals in tune with the national context, establishing a generation...
Article
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This article studies the link of the Iquichanos with the viceregal administration, their participation in the process of the Independence of Peru and the reasons for the prolonging of the Iquichan rebellion. From the analysis of unpublished sources, we consider that the Iquichanos identified with the Spanish crown in exchange for having certain pri...
Article
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Improving the welfare and quality of life of village communities, in development supported by the presence of village heads. Appointment of village heads in the community as the implementation of village governance, namely through elections. However, if the village head cannot carry out his duties in accordance with the term of office due to severa...
Article
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The real estate sector, which plays a significant role in land financing and is a foundational sector of the Chinese economy, is very important. By primarily examining data from the China Statistics Bureau, the China Statistical Yearbook, and real estate-related statistics, this paper examines the present growth pattern of Chinas real estate busine...
Article
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While autonomous vehicle (AV) technology is forecast to widely disrupt transport systems, governments' roles in influencing this innovation have not been examined holistically. This empirical study analyses the perceptions of 34 professionals from government and non-government actors in the U.K. and Australia. Our findings identify three main categ...
Article
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The purpose of the interview is to analyze the conceptions of quality and evaluation of education in disputed, signaling dimensions, tensions and possible consequences in the training and teaching-learning process. The interviewee considers as an analytical axis the propositions of education, quality and evaluation from the perspective of social ri...
Article
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Tax evasion is a major obstacle that highly affects tax revenue which the government consumes to support its activities. It hinders socio economic and political aspects of every country whether it is developing or developed nation. With this background problem that this study focused on assessing the factors affecting tax payers to evade government...
Article
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Since the concept of the "Smart City" was proposed in 2008, the construction of smart cities has developed rapidly. While embracing smart cities, we are also gradually realizing that creating good cities cannot rely solely on new technologies. The wisdom of cities is profound and should be noted that the essence of a smart city is the intelligentiz...
Article
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This study delves into how society is keeping tabs on these young people who need everyone's attention by guiding them toward the right educational practices, as well as the implications of new technologies on their financial, spiritual, psychological, and social health. This research highlights the significance of collective action in minimizing t...
Article
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A political party is an organization that is national in nature and was voluntarily formed by a group of Indonesian citizens on the basis of the same will and aspirations to fight for and defend the political interests of members, society, nation and state, and maintain the integrity of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia based on Pancas...
Article
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In a survey and four preregistered experiments, we examined if implementing a vaccine-promoting policy is likely to encourage vaccination by shaping the norms of a society. By combining state-level policy data with a longitudinal survey, we found that vaccine-supportive policies and laws are associated with more positive social norms. To establish...
Article
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COVID-19 has a significant influence on firms financial distress. How does COVID-19 influence firms short-term financial conditions and long-term development in China, and whether and to what extent will their financial leverage deviate from the original path? Can financing support from government as a bailout policy alleviate the financial distres...
Chapter
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Michael Gibbons, Helga Nowotny and their colleagues saw the transition from Mode 1 to Mode 2 as a process of transcending disciplinary boundaries and structures. They suggested that Mode 1 knowledge production was happening predominantly in academic silos—university departments, schools or research councils. On the contrary, Mode 2 was seen as a mo...
Article
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Globalization, the process of communication and integration among people, companies, and governments worldwide, is a central concept in the study of luxury and fashion, both as innovative activity and guide to the future. This article offers readers an encounter with vital developments within globalized luxury fashion and with one of the most impor...
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Introduction In March 2016, the Chinese government officially launched a nationwide consistency evaluation of the quality and efficacy of generic drugs. Methods This paper conducted an empirical study using the Difference-in-Differences method to explore the effect of this policy on the innovation quality of China’s pharmaceutical manufacturing in...
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In recent years, many low-income families have been suffering house allocation problem. The current welfare house allocation mechanism is of low effiency. Despite Chinese government has been working on improving the current mechanism to solve this proplem, there are still many people which try to cheat in the house allocation market. Most of the pe...
Article
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In the context of continued poverty alleviation and high demand in China, the plantation industry is an indispensable way to help farmers get rich. China is the world's top producer of peanuts and the world's top consumer of peanuts, and the demand for peanuts is very high. Therefore, promoting peanut production by farmers can not only increase che...
Article
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This paper surveys higher education career interests and institutional preferences of some senior secondary school students. It also discusses students' views about the funding of their tertiary education. The research design is both quantitative and qualitative. A questionnaire that combines the two approaches was used to collect data from a repre...
Article
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Public services are unquestionably a pillar of society. The society develops and blooms on their importance, on the way they are organized, on their efficiency. This is why we could devote a case study to each public service that a nation, through its government representatives, organizes and operates, in order to analyze its efficiency and impact...
Article
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The main purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of board structure and ownership structure on capital structure of Shariah-compliant firms and Non-Shariah-compliant firms in Indonesia. The study used the Generalized Method of Moments to analyze the relationship by applying 2,739 data observations of non-financial companies registered on...
Article
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Many international organizations (IOs) provide assistance to governments through country offices or peacekeeping operations. Sometimes, government authorities in countries receiving IO services violate norms that underpin the IO’s engagement. IO officials must then choose between confrontational and conciliatory responses. These responses are locat...
Article
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Bridge abutment scour is a complex phenomenon, which significantly affects bridge stability and is responsible for the damage and failures of many bridges over waterways across the world. Given the widespread and devastating human and societal costs, numerous experimental studies have been conducted to find the mechanisms of bridge abutment scour,...
Article
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The general purpose of the study was to determine the effect of poverty on the academic performance of students in secondary schools. The specific objectives were; To examine the effect of feeding on the academic performance of the students in Wakiso district. To establish the influence of parents' income on the academic performance of students in...
Article
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The strategic importance of the Chinese 5G and Supercomputing Industries necessitates an examination of their development trajectories. Yuhan Zhang provides significant insight into the role of central government policies in shaping industry development outcomes. Using various analytical methods, the author contends that the Chinese government's in...
Article
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The prosecutor's office is a government institution that has the authority to delegate, prosecute perpetrators in court and carry out the decisions and decisions of criminal judges. Evidence is the object of a criminal act. Administrative processing of evidence at the East Aceh District Prosecutor's Office uses office computer applications so that...
Article
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This commentary addresses a thorny issue that has long held a top spot on the list of Greek government policy priorities: the return of the Parthenon Sculptures.
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More and more government agencies are making up agreements, resolutions, and makeshift policies that hide public information, contrary to state and federal public record laws. Courts should put a stop to this practice, firmly and consistently.
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The second-greatest number of tribal people is located in India. About 12% of India's 84 million tribal residents reside in the northeastern partof the country. They are widelydiverse and placed inequitably over the area.The immeasurable historical legacy of Gaddi is remarkable. However, this cultural group is gradually losing its identity as a res...
Article
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Obstacles created by Poland’s outgoing government and the deteriorating economic situation make the post-election outlook highly challenging.
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Bu akademik çalışmada İngiltere’nin Putin hükümetini güvenlikleştirdiği iddia edilmektedir. Bu makalenin amacı İngiltere’nin Putin hükümetini nasıl güvenlikleştirdiğini analiz etmektir. Dönemin Başbakanları Boris Johnson ve Liz Truss ve mevcut Başbakan Rishi Sunak’ın açıklamaları, başbakanlık ofisinin resmi açıklamaları, İngiltere Parlamentosu’ndak...
Article
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In today's conditions of sustainable development of the national economy, the issue of innovative development of the agricultural sector is of particular relevance. The article discusses the key aspects of the methodology of forming an innovative model of the agricultural sector and offers recommendations for implementing these approaches in practi...
Article
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In this study, we first propose some new concepts of coordinated up and down convex mappings with fuzzy-number values. Then, Hermite–Hadamard-type inequalities via coordinated up and down convex fuzzy-number-valued mapping (coordinated UD-convex FNVMs) are introduced. By taking the products of two coordinated UD-convex FNVMs, Pachpatte-type inequal...
Article
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Terrorism has become a daily occurrence in our world, and governments and security forces around the world are highly concerned about stopping or minimizing terrorist activities. This study proposes a new approach to counter‐terrorism through compartmental mathematical modeling on underlying principles of terrorism, such as recruiting new terrorist...
Article
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In order to improve the quality of public services, one of the efforts made by the government is to make a new breakthrough through the targeted electricity subsidy complaint application (PEDULI). This research aims to analyze innovations in improving public services using the mobile-based PEDULI application. This research uses 5 (five) innovation...
Chapter
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Heritage sites are one of the assets for the country. Kutch a district in the western part of Gujarat is adorned with mesmeric heritage sites. This paper narrates various important heritage sites in Kutch and its contribution to tourism industry. Further this paper aims to understand tourism policy of Government of Gujarat and problems faced in con...
Article
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South African citizens are still facing problems of poor service provision in the local, provincial, and national governments after 28 years of democracy. The standard of public service provision and implementation in South Africa is deteriorating. It is important to note that due to the country's high level of unemployment, the majority of South A...
Article
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The study aimed to investigate the role of educational supervisors in the development of school administration in government schools in the educational district of Yatta. To achieve this, a descriptive-analytical approach was employed, involving a personal interview with the study sample. The study population consisted of all educational supervisor...
Article
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The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of privately owned enterprises on economic development of Mpigi district. The study was based on the findings from 290 respondents out of the sample size of 310 respondents. 290 respondents presented results that were accurate basing on the objectives of the study; To assess the contributions of...
Article
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This paper discusses five innovation policy imperatives critical to achieving green and digital transitions: coordinated government, stakeholder engagement, policy agility and experimentation, directionality and support for breakthrough innovation. The paper provides policy examples from Germany, based on the OECD Review of Innovation Policy: Germa...
Article
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The Regional Revenue Agency for the city of Bogor (Bapenda) must prepare a regional regulation regarding regional taxes and regional levies referring to the Law on Financial Relations between the Central Government and Regional Governments, published in 2022. One of the materials in the regulation is the hotel tax. This study discusses the views of...
Article
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The Kediri City Government has provided an application that can provide updates on the prices of necessities in traditional markets everyday. This is useful for the community to get updates on the latest prices of necessities needed. After getting the price of the necessities needed at each market, the community is still doing calculations to get t...
Article
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What is the effect of divided government on issue attention in state legislatures? Much of the research on divided government examines how it affects the enactment of significant legislation but does not consider other effects on legislative behavior. In this article, I propose a new theory of the relationship between divided government and legisla...
Article
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The processes for concluding administrative contracts are governed by a number of guiding and regulating principles for the choice of the contractor who will be trusted with carrying out the projects through assigning contracts that the administrative authorities put forward, through legislation imposed on the administration by the legislator.
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The aim of this paper is to introduce a novel category of radial basis functions that incorporate smoothing techniques. Initially, we employ the power augmented and shape parameter schemes to create the radial basis functions. Subsequently, we apply the newly-constructed radial basis functions using the traditional collocation method and singular v...
Article
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National Education Policy 2020 is a set of strategies planned by the Government of India to inculcate quality education among Indian students. NEP 2020 is a complete framework to guide the development of education in India. In the 21 st century, NEP2020 is the first policy in education that aims to deal with a number of growing developmental impera...
Article
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Abstract. Purpose of the study: to assess and optimize the anti-corruption powers of the Government Commission for Administrative Reform. Research methods: structural analysis of legal regulation was used as the main research method. Research results: the paper presents the results of the study of anti-corruption competencies of the Government Co...
Conference Paper
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Research Summary: Digital technology has played an important role in developing every sector of the society including science, art, literature, culture, education, agriculture, and others more than before. In this context, digital technology has succeeded in making the media industry more powerful, accessible and widely accessible to the people. Wi...
Conference Paper
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In 2016, the "government curriculum guidelines" emphasized the importance of early introduction of English and programming education toward globalization and the internationalization of education. A considerable amount of research has been conducted on the similarities and teaching methods between second languages and programming languages. However...
Article
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Strategic planning is a widely used tool in businesses, industries and organizations and has been recently adopted in public sectors. However, due to its special characteristics, strategic plans in government organizations are mostly developed at the institutional level. As services provided by government agencies, there must be technological solut...
Chapter
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In this chapter, we use material from two research projects to show how institutional ethnography's sensitivity toward disjunctures has put us as researchers on the trail of everyday life problematics. In institutional ethnogra-phy, disjuncture refers to the contradiction between institutional discourses and authoritative texts by which society is...
Article
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The artisanal lobster fishery in Kenya is small in world terms but important locally both in terms of supporting local fishing communities and generating revenue for the government. Despite its socioeconomic importance, detailed knowledge of many aspects of the fishery is lacking. The study reported herein aimed to investigate and provide informati...
Technical Report
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To address plastic waste accumulation comprehensively, a combination of these policy tools within a coherent and adaptable policy framework may be the most effective approach. Successful implementation will depend on political will, stakeholder collaboration, robust enforcement, and ongoing evaluation to ensure the chosen policies achieve their int...
Article
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Mass media are a key source of public news, significantly influencing the accessibility of certain issues through media coverage. While media coverage of rival nations is known to influence public perceptions, its potential impact on citizens’ attitudes toward their own country is less explored. This study addresses this gap by investigating Chines...
Preprint
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The population and governments of many countries are losing interest in the SARS-CoV-2 infection, the number of tests and the number of new cases detected is sharply decreasing. To compare the accumulated numbers CC of cases and deaths DC per million and to answer the question why the less vaccinated Africa has accumulated 36 times lower CC values...
Technical Report
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Sustaining the momentum of citizens' involvement in agriculture requires innovative approaches from policymakers. Since the entertainment industry has proven to be potent in promoting agriculture along with other desirable social change globally, this brief examined the successful use of the industry to promote agriculture across the world, reviewe...
Book
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“Education Financing sources diversification Approaches in the Arab countries in the light of leading international practices” The current situation in Arab countries indicates an increase in education demand, driven quantitatively by population projections in the next decades, the growth of education enrollment rates, and qualitatively by the chan...
Conference Paper
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The modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity is one of the major strategies of national development. Service design is contributing its unique role and value to promoting the modernization of the government service system and improving the efficiency of national governance, but the current research is still relatively...
Article
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Peningkatan urbanisasi memunculkan berbagai permasalahan, meliputi permasalahan transportasi publik, kurangnya public space, pusat pelayanan publik, ruang terbuka hijau, serta permasalahan pengelolaan sampah. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui permasalahan perkotaan, dan memberikan solusi dari bidang ilmu arsitektur terkait implementasi konsep...
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أن اساس العلاقة بين الموازنة العامة والاحتياطيات الاجنبية هو موقف الحساب التجاري من الايرادات النفطية، حيث الاختلال الداخلي يتمثل بعجز الموازنة العامة، مما يؤدي الى التمويل عن طريق الاقتراض بصورة مباشرة من البنك المركزي، او غير مباشرة عن طريق خصم اوراق الدين لتمويل ذلك العجز،وبكل تاكيد ترتبط تلك العملية بالاحتياطيات الاجنبية من خلال نافذة بيع العمل...
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The main focus of this paper is to analyze the classification of international organizations based on different criteria. The aim is to highlight the uniqueness of the European Union (EU) as a sui generis international organization. The study specifically examines the legal framework of the EU and the process of achieving full membership. The autho...
Article
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Despite the growing interest in dynamic behaviors at the frequency domain, there exist very few studies on molecular orientation-dependent transient responses of organic mixed ionic–electronic conductors. In this research, we investigated the effect of ion injection directionality on transient electrochemical transistor behaviors by developing a mo...
Conference Paper
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COVID-19 crisis highlighted some wicked challenges in designing government services. While no standardized solution was found, government workers responded flexibly to uncertain situations. Service Blueprint (SB) is one of the useful design tools to understand, analyze, plan, and implement government services. However, it does not flexibly adapt to...
Article
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Technology regulation is one of the most important public policy issues facing society and governments at the present time, and further clarity could improve decision making in this complex and challenging area. Since the rise of the internet in the late 1990s, a number of approaches to technology regulation have been proposed, prompted by the asso...