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Government - Science topic

The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.
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Publications related to Government (10,000)
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In relation to the Turkish-Armenian conflict, one of the most important issues on the agenda today is the question of abandoned Armenian property. Members of the Armenian Diaspora are claiming compensation from Turkey for those properties abandoned and/or confiscated to meet the requirements of the army during the WW1. Armenians argue that they hav...
Article
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Increasing awareness of problems with the reproducibility and integrity of research led the UK Parliament Science and Technology Committee to launch, in July 2021, an inquiry into reproducibility and research integrity. We recognise at least four potential reasons why attempts to replicate a research finding may be unsuccessful: false positive stat...
Article
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The main goal of the current paper is to analyze the impact of the Coriolis parameter on nonlinear waves by studying the geophysical KdV equation. More precisely, specific transformations are first adopted to derive one-dimensional and operator forms of the governing model. Solitons and complexiton of the geophysical KdV equation are then retrieved...
Article
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The objective of this study is to evaluate RM in small projects in Iran using identification of status, barriers, and the impact of RM on project performance. In this study, theoretical foundations and research literature were first developed through library, and then a questionnaire about these variables was designed and distributed among a number...
Article
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We consider a nonlinear elasticity problem in a bounded domain, its boundary is decomposed in three parts: lower, upper, and lateral. The displacement of the substance, which is the unknown of the problem, is assumed to satisfy the homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions on the upper part, and not homogeneous one on the lateral part, while on the...
Article
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This editorial introduces the journal Climate Action to its audience and defines its aims and scope. It first calls for the need to understand climate action as the choices and behavior of international organizations, governments, civil society, businesses, and individuals. Next, it discusses both the facilitators and impacts of climate action. The...
Article
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As dynamic, non-routine disaster events appear and disappear in a short period, quickly and widely disseminating emergency warnings and alerts to the public is a critical communication goal for emergency management officers and citizen journalists. Twitter has become a prominent communication medium to achieve such a communication goal, attracting...
Article
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This paper compares the main intersectoral and national agricultural institutions in Russia and Switzerland during the period 2004–2019 and uses data from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), an ordinary least squares model and fixed-effects models to assess the contributions of governments, sectoral producer organisations and companies to...
Chapter
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The COVID-19 pandemic swept through the world with severe impacts on all spheres of human life. In the higher education sector, the pandemic distorted academic calendars and upended many activities such as examinations and graduation ceremonies. This chapter examines various institutional risk management strategies for teaching and learning that we...
Article
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The long time behavior of a class of degenerate parabolic equations in a bounded domain will be considered in the sense that the nonnegative diffusion coefficient a(x) is allowed to vanish in a set of positive measure in the interior of the domain. We prove decay rates for a class of semilinear reaction diffusion equations and a nonlinear equation...
Article
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Excess greenhouse gas emissions from human and industrial activities are believed to be the key cause of catastrophic climate change. According to the United Nations, carbon neutrality by 2050 is the world's most urgent mission. Many countries recently made commitments to this mission; however, at a supply chain level, little is known about barrier...
Article
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هدف اصلي اين پژوهش، بررسي اثر روابط سياسي با دولت بر رابطه بين مسئوليت‌پذيري اجتماعي و محافظه‌كاري حسابداري در شركت‌هاي پذيرفته شده در بورس اوراق بهادار تهران مي‌باشد. فرضيه‌هاي پژوهش بر مبناي نمونه آماري متشكل از 124 شركت طي دوره زماني 1393 لغايت 1399 و با استفاده از الگوهاي رگرسيوني چند متغيره و چينش داده‌هاي تابلويي، مورد آزمون قرار گرفت. يافته‌...
Article
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This paper studies the facility location game with payments, in which customers and facilities are located at publicly known locations on a line segment, and the facilities are strategic players. Each facility has an opening-cost as her private information, and she may strategically report it. Upon receiving the reports, the government uses a mecha...
Article
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This paper investigates the hidden modalities of an odd number of spirals in the multispiral chaotic attractor generated by saturated function series. The system considered in this work allows modeling of all modalities (patterns) governing from 1 to p+q+2\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts}...
Article
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The paper develops an approach to the description of the evolution of correlations for many hard spheres based on a hierarchy of evolution equations for the cumulants of the probability distribution function governed by the Liouville equation. It is established that the constructed dynamics of correlations underlies the description of the evolution...
Chapter
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The topic of robots and politics is addressed through examining what may be understood as a robot, what may be understood as politics, and offering a brief overview of three paths of scholarship examining how robots and politics intersect. Robots and politics intersect primarily through computational propaganda. Robots also intersect with politics...
Article
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This paper investigates the correlations among 3D graphic statics, Maxwell–Rankine stress function, and Pucher’s equation (the governing equation of membrane shells). When there is only vertical load, a solution of Pucher’s equation can be converted into a Maxwell–Rankine stress function. The resulting stress function can be further discretized int...
Article
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Terrorism is on the rise in Indonesia, and the government forces are increasingly challenged to curb it. Of particular concern is the growing role of Islamic-based radicalism and terrorism in a traditionally culturally diverse and accepting country. Indonesia has been the scene of the deadliest terrorist attack in Asia to date. In 2002, terrorists...
Article
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Random network models generated using sparse exchangeable graphs have provided a mechanism to study a wide variety of complex real-life networks. In particular, these models help with investigating power-law properties of degree distributions, number of edges, and other relevant network metrics which support the scale-free structure of networks. Pr...
Article
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We present new data analytics-based predictions results that can help governments to plan their future actions and also help medical services to be better prepared for the future. Our system can predict new corona cases with 99.82% accuracy using susceptible infected recovered (SIR) model. We have predicted the results of new COVID cases per day fo...
Article
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The consumption of unhealthy products generates significant externalities in terms of increased future health care costs to society. Lifestyle taxes are attracting increasing attention as a measure by which to discourage over-consumption and correct such externalities. This paper focuses on the trade-off that governments face in setting a lifestyle...
Article
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The main purpose of this paper is to find conditions for Hölder calmness of the solution mapping, viewed as a function of the boundary data, of a hemivariational inequality governed by the Navier-Stokes operator. To this end, a more abstract model is studied first: a class of parametric equilibrium problems defined by trifunctions. The presence of...
Article
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We extend the recently proposed framework using reduced quadrature in the Finite Element and Isogeometric methods for solid mechanics to the nonlinear realm. The proposed approach makes use of the governing equations in the updated Lagrangian formulation in combination with the rate form of the constitutive laws. The key ingredient in the framework...
Article
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The premixed combustion of a lean hydrogen–air mixture is analyzed in this study to examine various properties and flame stabilization. A two‐dimensional (2D) analysis of a microscale combustor is performed with various shapes of bluff bodies (e.g., circular and triangular). Nine bluff bodies are placed at the entrance of the microscale combustor a...
Article
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Studies of bribery have been heavily infuenced by the cost/beneft calculation, leaving social relationship of the involved parties under-explored. We propose the norm of reciprocity as a complement theoretical lens to explain bribery exchanges and explore diferent types of obligation that induce bribery. Based on qualitative data from a sample of g...
Article
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Patriotic education in China is a state project that serves the Chinese government. However, current discourse on Chinese patriotic education basically views inward and outward aspects of patriotism as separate and incompatible, which downplays the intricate relationship between them. Arguably, a more nuanced understanding of patriotism is needed t...
Article
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We study elliptic and parabolic problems governed by the singular elliptic operators yαDyy+cyDy-V(y),α∈R\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\begin{aligned}...
Article
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We consider the M-neighbor approximation in the problem of one-qubit pure state transfer along the N-node zigzag and alternating spin chains governed by the XXZ-Hamiltonian with the dipoledipole interaction. We show that always M > 1, i.e., the nearest neighbor approximation is not applicable to such interaction. Moreover, only all-node interaction...
Article
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Small firms' performance has been recognised as an important topic for researchers dealing with the topics of internationalisation and innovation. Literature has examined the individual influence of network cooperation, innovation and internationalisation on firm performance. However, there is an absence of research to explore the coherent relation...
Article
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Molecules in open systems may be modeled using so-called reduced descriptions that keep focus on the molecule while including the effects of the environment. Mathematically, the matrices governing the Markovian equations of motion for the reduced density matrix, such as the Lindblad and Redfield equations, belong to the family of non-normal matrice...
Article
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One of the widely discussed in the literature and relevant in practice shock models is the delta-shock model that is described by the constant time of a system’s recovery after a shock. However, in practice, as time progresses and due to deterioration of a system, this recovery time is gradually increasing. This important phenomenon was not discuss...
Article
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The paper introduces a reliable system, providing a sufficient solution for the associated nodes during hand-offs.  It investigates different QoS mechanisms, deploying each mechanism into various interfaces, and overall network performance when nodes switch between available interfaces.  It compares overall performance and feasibility of QoS mech...
Conference Paper
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While the notion of using accrual accounting in the government sector is to assist in measuring the long-term financial sustainability, the accrual-based balance sheet has inherent limitations that greatly reduce its utility for this purpose. Moreover, the current literature lacks focus on the role of accounting frameworks in the endeavor to make p...
Book
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Through new readings and interpretation of Cypriot inscriptions – written in Cypriot-syllabic Greek, Eteocypriot, Phoenician, and alphabetic Greek – Kypriōn Politeia, the Political and Administrative Systems of the Classical Cypriot City-Kingdoms is the 􀆧􀆬rst book which reconstructs in detail the political and administrative systems of the Classica...
Article
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The study A total number of 180 were randomly sampled from state internal revenue service and office of the accountant general across the six states. Data were collected with the use of questionnaire. Collated data were analyzed using descriptive method of analysis. Specifically the study made use of percentages and frequency analysis. Result revea...
Technical Report
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The Union Cabinet announced in June this year the Agnipath scheme, designed to recruit youths into the Other Ranks (ORs) of the Indian armed forces. The scheme, which came into effect immediately, will enable new recruits, or Agniveers, to serve in the military for four years. While the stated aim is to turn the Indian military into a younger and m...
Article
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The popularization of bridge employment is conducive to the realization of active aging, which requires not only the subjective initiative of retirees but also the active cooperation of local governments and relevant enterprises. This study combined evolutionary game theory with system dynamics to model and simulate the behavior of local government...
Article
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Energy crisis in Nigeria and indeed the states have reached an alarming rate owing to the fact that the country cannot meet up with the increasing demand for electricity by the ever increasing population of over 200 million people. Benue State is not an exception since there is obviously little supply of electricity to over 4,253,641 people in the...
Article
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The novel corona virus (COVID�19) has severely disrupted business organisations globally bringing the economy throughout the world on its knees. The whole world is under tremendous uncertainty due to massive spike in spread of the pandemic, thereby exacting a terrible toll on the economy globally. The governments of countries had imposed lo...
Presentation
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1. Defining History and Sources of History 2. Concept and Forms of Education 3. Concept of History of Education 4. Method of Teaching 5. Stages of Education Development 6. The National Policy on Education (NPE) 7. Concept of Indigenous Education 8. Colonial Government involvement in Nigeria Education in the 19th Century (1842-1882) 9. The Need for...
Technical Report
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The central government started 'Ujjal Yojana' to bring smiles to the homes of the poor. During the last two years, 83 percent of their households have stopped using LPG gas in Jangalmahal due to price hick but they returned firewood for their households.
Article
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Right to freedom of speech and expression is a fundamental right as per Article 19(1) (a) of the Indian Constitution. Exhibition of the motion pictures also falls under the ambit of the fundamental rights. Though, the pre censor ship relating to the motion pictures is not challenged, a critical study has made to point out how the government is gett...
Article
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In this study, the start of thermosolutal penetrative convection in a horizontal fluid layer heated and salted from below was investigated analytically and graphically in the presence of throughflow and changeable gravity field effects. The normal mode technique is used to test the system's stability properties. The mathematical expressions for sta...
Experiment Findings
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After success with re-engineering low-cost flood sensors, this work adds data from existing deployed technology from different brands to support data-driven decisions that helps government and private sector protect their assets from flood damage. https://aei.culverhouse.ua.edu/aei-competitions/faculty-staff/
Chapter
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This study on the Nyishi customary laws on property and inheritance was conceived to document for posterity the customary laws governing the Nyishis in matters of property and inheritance before they are completely modified. Documenting this is an important contribution to preserving a part of their culture for future generations. The data gathered...
Preprint
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In this paper, we have investigated the processes of evaporation and accretion of primordial black holes during the radiation-dominated era and the matter-dominated era. This subject is very important since usually these two processes are considered independent of each other. In other words, previous works consider them in such a way that they do n...
Article
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The Research titled "the effect of Public security situation on Agriculture and transportation in Nigeria." Is an investigation which intends to uncover the possible influence Public security issues in Nigeria on Agriculture and the Transportation Industry of the Nations economy. The study adopted an explorative research design. The study was built...
Article
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The vast research and implementation of the Internet of Things (IoT) is allowing Smart City projects to be implemented and initiatives all over the world. With over 50 billion objects will be connected and deployed in smart cities in 2020 and according to Juniper Research looks at the IoT market and forecasts 200% growth in connected devices. The h...
Article
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The objective of this paper is to examine the nature and scope of the relationship between the support of the legal community for the judiciary and judicial empowerment in Pakistan. It also evaluates the nature and scope of judicial empowerment which increased due to the support of the legal community for the judiciary in Pakistan during the m...
Article
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This article reviews aspects of organisational work environment , Various theories of creating dynamism and team work and obstacles। The role of CEOs is primarily to create sufficient synergy positive creativity environment।It also describes personality and habit of various ceos based on working with them in Indian corporate and Government
Research
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Children are considering as a future of the nation and most valuable node of the society. But due to poverty and losing their parents in small age, forcing children to work in household and industries. As a result of that child abuse and harassments are rapidly increasing in the world. Therefore, as a social responsibility one of major government d...
Article
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An emerging body of scholarship suggests that "Western" notions of policy analysis may not be relevant in "Eastern" jurisdictions, and that non-Western countries, particularly in Asia, may have their own local policy analytical style or tradition. However, in many Asian countries, little is known about the work that public sector policy analysts do...
Article
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Previous research studies from many nations have piqued interest in individuals' and organisations' environmental behaviour (EB). EB is defined in this research as any action that is safe or causes insignificant destruction to the environment. There is a shortage of research examining environmental supervision by governing bodies as external stakeh...
Presentation
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The presentation makes a comparative study between "Jana Gana Mana," the National Anthem of India penned by Rabindranath Tagore, and "Subh Sukh Chain," the National Anthem of the Azad Hind Government led by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, penned by Abid Hassan Safrani. It compares the two songs, where the latter happens to have been adapted from the fo...
Article
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Government has launched many schemes for promoting women entrepreneurs. The schemes are launched and applied as per the need of the region. There are many governmental agencies who work at different level to make the scheme a successful one by making it reach to every member. It is also noted that every scheme is launched for a certain duration lat...
Article
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Many investment treaties include investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) provisions which are supposed to protect a foreign investor against opportunistic behavior of a host country. This paper scrutinizes the optimal design of ISDS provisions that solve the holdup problem. It shows that an efficient investor protection mechanism requires an arbit...
Article
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Stress is conceptualized as any physical and psychological event that is perceived as potentially constituting physical harm or emotional distress. It's preoccupation with the negative emotion following the event (Roger, 1998). Psychological wellbeing highlights the core aspects of building positive relationships with others, personal mastery, inde...
Article
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The k$$ k $$‐Hankel wavelet transform ( k$$ k $$‐HWT) is a novel addition to the class of wavelet transforms, which has gained a respectable status in the realm of time‐frequency signal analysis within a short span of time. Knowing the fact that the study of uncertainty principles is both theoretically interesting and practically useful, we formula...
Article
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This study explores and describes the best sustainability practices of the Australian-based world's most large retail groups Cole's supermarket and Woolworths supermarket regarding environmental, social, and governance issues during Covid-19. This article highlights the FY 20 sustainability materiality assessment report to understand the substantiv...
Article
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We are concerned with the null controllability of a linear coupled population dynamics system or the so-called prey-predator model with Holling type I functional response of predator wherein both equations are structured in age and space. It is worth mentioning that in our case, the space variable is viewed as the "gene type" of population. The stu...
Preprint
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Physics-informed neural networks (PINNs) can be used to solve partial differential equations (PDEs) and identify hidden variables by incorporating the governing equations into neural network training. In this study, we apply PINNs to the assimilation of mean flow data and investigate the method's ability to identify inaccessible variables and closu...
Article
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Recent political events in Romania (the removal of some ministers, the dissolution of the ruling coalition, the dismissal of the government by a motion of no confidence etc.) created a great deal of uncertainty regarding fiscal, monetary and legislative policy. T
Preprint
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Dynamical systems are often subject to algebraic constraints in conjunction to their governing ordinary differential equations. In particular, multibody systems are commonly subject to configuration constraints that define kinematic compatibility between the motion of different bodies. A full-scale numerical simulation of such constrained problems...
Experiment Findings
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Presenting an idea to create a raw ideas registration center by the government in the country
Article
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Background: This study was conducted to investigate the menstrual profile and its disorders among Babur/Bura in Government Girls Secondary School (G.G.S.S) Marama. Although the menstrual cycle is a normal physiological event in the life of adolescent and adult females, the abnormalities in the cycles are little discussed among girls and knowledge m...
Article
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Xülasə Məqalədə ümummilli lider Heydər Əliyevin siyasi kursu öyrənilir. Müstəqil Azərbaycan dövlətinin ideoloji əsası olan Azərbaycançılıq məfkurəsinin mənəvi əsasları aydınlaşdırılır. Azərbaycan dövlətinin folkloru və folklorda yaşayan dəyərləri qorumaq istiqamətindəki mənəvi quruculu siyasəti şərh olunur. Açar sözlər: Azərbaycan, Heydər Əliyev, d...
Article
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Agricultural land, as a component of the environment, is one of the irreplaceable natural resources and, at the same time, through its functions, is an integral part of the quality of human lives. Several international institutions or scientists point to problems with land loss or decline in quality and, ultimately, to the increased need for soil p...
Presentation
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Slides presentasi ini menyajikan materi tertulis paparan Shidarta ketika ia menjadi narasumber dalam acara bedah buku karya Prof. Dr. Jimly Asshiddiqie, S.H. berjudul Teori Hierarki Norma Hukum, yang diadakan oleh Jimly School of Law and Government (JSLG) tanggal 5 Agustus 2022. Dalam paparan ini, Shidarta menyatakan bahwa kritik yang diajukan oleh...
Technical Report
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For many children who come into conflict with the law, their lives can include varying degrees of adversity, negative experiences, trauma and loss, often underscored by adverse socioeconomic circumstances. These factors can have substantial and sustained consequences for their development, behaviour and future outcomes. How these factors can in...
Book
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This book looks at the struggles of peasant and indigenous communities in the south of Colombia against mining multinational, government policies and repression from the 1990s to 2010.
Article
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Academic identity refers to the experiences, ideas, beliefs and values of academics regarding the core values and principles of academic work. It is significant in defining the professional judgments, attitudes and behaviours of academics, and is fundamentally (re)constituted in the social, economic, cultural and political context of the academy. H...
Preprint
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If a court knows that a respondent knows the password to a device, can the court compel the respondent to enter that password into the device? In this work, we propose a new approach to the foregone conclusion doctrine from Fisher v US that governs the answer to this question. The Holy Grail of this line of work would be a framework for reasoning a...
Preprint
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Data-driven discovery of PDEs has made tremendous progress recently, and many canonical PDEs have been discovered successfully for proof-of-concept. However, determining the most proper PDE without prior references remains challenging in terms of practical applications. In this work, a physics-informed information criterion (PIC) is proposed to mea...
Article
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The adsorption and desorption of copper in aVertisol of Kota was studied. Studies on the rate of inactivation of copper were made on three different soil suspensions (Alfisol. Vertisol and Inceptisol) by copper selective electrode which indicate that copper ions are inactivated immediately after addition of soil water suspension. The studies also s...
Research
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For a very long time, the governing systems of many societies determine its development. As such many civilizations have contributed to the way government are structured and operated and in doing so, which offices are accorded what powers. Out of the many positions that have come into existence over the years, one that is particularly interesting i...
Technical Report
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Policy Brief n. 18/2022 Tra gli analisti, specie all'estero, non sono mancate in queste settimane letture allarmistiche del legame tra l'esito delle elezioni politiche italiane del prossimo 25 settembre e la sorte del Piano nazionale di ripresa e resilienza (PNRR) in cui il nostro Paese è impegnato d'intesa con l'Unione europea. Allarmismo che fa l...
Preprint
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Recently Dorigoni, Green and Wen conjectured a remarkable exact formula for an integrated correlator of four superconformal primary operators in $\mathcal{N}=4$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. In this work, we investigate its large $N$ limit in detail. We show that the formula of Dorigoni, Green and Wen can be recast into the sum over the contrib...
Article
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Economic policymaking shifted away from neoliberal ideals towards 'crisis' Keynesianism during the COVID-19 pandemic. We use a comparative process tracing approach to examine how political and economic actors in Britain, Germany and the USA attempt to legitimise a potential return to neoliberalism to voters. We show that pro-neoliberal actors discu...
Article
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On the global level, suicide has been found to be the significant cause of death in general, and among adolescents it has been ranked 2nd primary cause of mortality. The purpose of this research is to determine the prevalence and incidence of suicidal ideation among adolescent students studying in different Government higher secondary schools in di...
Article
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The proposed research attempts to explore the notion of ‘Deixis’ in pragmatics as well as it analyses deictic elements utilized in the utterances from the selected literary text Tale- Tell Heart by Edgar Allen Poe. It also examines how the deictic elements govern the contextual meaning in the utterances from the pragmatic orientation. Pragmatics is...