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Globalization - Science topic

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Questions related to Globalization
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What was the pandemic and post-pandemic impact of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic on globalisation processes?
Increase in the scale of international scientific cooperation on SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus research and analysis of Covid-19 disease development; use of analogous anti-pandemic security instruments; disrupted chains of international supply and supply logistics; analogous changes in trends in financial markets, including raw materials markets, other types of production factors and stock exchanges; increase in the scale of digitisation of remote communication and business processes; increase in the scale of digitisation of public offices and institutions; increase in the scale of e-commerce, e-banking, e-payments carried out via the Internet, e-logistics, remote working, e-learning, e-government, development of online and mobile banking; negative social and economic impacts; a decrease in demand for energy and other raw materials in 2020 and an increase in demand for raw materials from 2021 onwards; a decrease in economic activity in the service sectors affected by the lockdowns; the analogous use of soft monetary and fiscal policy instruments; the emergence of inflationary pressures; an increase in inflation; the emergence of opportunities to accelerate the processes of pro-climate transformation of the energy sector, but these opportunities have been used to varying degrees in different countries, resulting in different levels of energy and environmental security in different countries, etc. These are just some of the effects of the pandemic and post-pandemic impact of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus on globalisation processes. I am conducting research on this issue. I have described the results of my research and key aspects of this problematic in an article which, when published, I posted on my profile of this Research Gate portal:
If you are conducting research in this area, or have a research interest in this area, I invite you to join me in a research collaboration.
Encouraging joint discussion on this issue, I address the following question to the esteemed community of researchers and scientists:
What was the pandemic and post-pandemic impact of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic on globalisation processes?
What do you think?
What is your opinion on the subject?
Please respond,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Global logistics is being reorganized by more resilient models of supply chain management. Increased online education programs offer the possibility to study with famous global institutions from home, with limited physical residency. Tourism and travel have seen a clear reduction, in global numbers. Information and communication technology are now used to think in alternative models of globalization, e.g. glocalization.
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The Dialectics of Modernity-
Recognizing Globalization
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Globalisation has made us more vulnerable. It creates a world without borders, and makes us painfully aware of the limitations of our present instruments, and of politics, to meet its challenges.
Anna Lindh
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In which direction will the current crises, i.e. the post-pandemic economic crisis triggered by high inflation, the energy crisis, the developing food crisis in some countries and the developing global climate crisis in the long term, change the globalisation processes in the 21st century?
Both the global financial crisis of 2007-2009 and the lockdown and quarantine crisis of 2020 caused by the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic, the disrupted international supply and supply logistics chains and the supply problems of semiconductor-based microprocessors have seriously impeded the development of economic globalisation processes.
In addition, the currently developing crises (energy, food, climate) are also likely to modify globalisation processes in certain ways.
In view of the above, I address the following research question to the esteemed community of researchers and scientists:
In what direction will the current crises, i.e. the post-pandemic economic crisis caused by high inflation, the energy crisis, the developing food crisis in some countries and the developing global climate crisis in the long term, change the processes of globalisation in the 21st century?
How will globalisation change under the impact of the crises currently taking place?
What is your opinion on this subject?
Please reply,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Very apt question.
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The SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic has, in some respects, through interrupted chains of international supply and supply logistics, reduced the scale of economic globalisation processes. On the other hand, the need for the development of remote Internet communication has increased due to the introduction of home quarantine periods and lockdowns imposed on selected sectors of the economy in 2020. Consequently, the scale of internetisation and digitalisation of various aspects of business conducted by companies and enterprises has increased. As a result of the growth of the Internet, the importance of information globalisation has increased in terms of remote Internet-based communication. In a multi-year perspective, the importance of environmental and pro-climate globalisation may increase in the future. In view of the above, how else will globalisation processes change in this decade of the 21st century? Will the current energy crisis, the unfolding food crisis, the migration crisis
What is your opinion on this?
What is your opinion on this topic?
Please reply,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Over the past decades, a number of sources of globalization have emerged. One of them is technological progress, which has led to a sharp reduction in transport and communication costs, a significant reduction the costs of processing, storing and using information.
The second source of globalization is trade liberalization and other forms of economic liberalization that have curtailed protectionist policies and made world trade freer. As a result there were tariffs have been substantially reduced, and many other barriers to trade in goods and services have been removed. Other liberalization measures have led to an increase in the movement of capital and other factors of production.
The third source of globalization can be considered a significant expansion of the scope of organizations, which became possible both as a result of technological progress and wider horizons of management on basis of new means of communication. Thus, many companies that previously focused only on local markets have expanded their production and marketing capabilities, reaching the national, multinational, international and even global level.
Globalization brings not only benefits, it is fraught with negative consequences or potential problems, which some of its critics see as a great danger.
One of the main problems is related to the question: who benefits from globalization? In fact, most of the benefits are rich countries or individuals. The unfair distribution of the benefits of globalization gives rise to the threat of conflicts at the regional, national and international levels.
The second problem is related to potential regional or global instability due to the interdependence of national economies at the global level. Local economic fluctuations or crises in one country may have regional or even global implications.
The third set of problems posed by globalization is caused by the fear that control over the economies of individual countries may shift from sovereign governments to other hands, including the most powerful states, multinational or global corporations and international organizations.
Because of this, some see globalization as an attempt to undermine national sovereignty. For this reason, globalization can make national leaders feel helpless before its forces, and the electorate - antipathy towards her. Such sentiments can easily turn into extreme nationalism and xenophobia with calls for protectionism, lead to the growth of extremist political movements, which is potentially fraught with serious conflicts.
The problem generated by globalization - the infringement of national sovereignty and the independence of political leaders - can also be largely resolved on the basis of international cooperation, for example, by a clear delineation of the powers of the parties, i.e. national governments and their leaders, on the one hand, and international organizations and multinational or global corporations, on the other. The very involvement of political leaders in building the necessary institutions to deal with these and other globalization-related issues will help them regain the sense that they are in control of their future and in control of their positions in the world.
Globalized world. In the meantime, unfortunately, the world is moving in the opposite direction, along the path of political and military dictate of a strong
weak, that in the context of globalization of all aspects of the life of the world community, it is fraught with a global confrontation.
The current crisis of the Western economy is not a recession because it is not cyclical and is not limited to 12-16 months. What is happening in the US and Europe today is a structural crisis, a process that began in the fourth quarter of 2021 and will continue for at least five years without interruption. However, the West does not understand the causes and essence of the crisis, because they do not have theories describing it. That is why, according to the economist, the American and European authorities are doing stupid things instead of effective measures to resolve problems.
It was impossible to avoid this crisis, because they went too far. They have expanded private consumption so much that they can no longer keep it. You need to name the main number. There is an indicator in the United States that they do not disclose in public discussion: this is the level of price growth for all industrial goods, not only for final goods entering the wholesale trade, but in general for everything, from raw materials to the final product. For the first time, the rise in prices for manufactured goods exceeded the level of the late 1970s. The previous peak was at the end of 1947. There are 23 with something percent.
The entire system of socio-political management in the West, both in the USA and in Europe, is built through representatives of the middle class, qualified consumers. Today this instrument is being destroyed. Instead of the middle class, new poor people appear, who have a middle-class attitude, but they have no money.
The sanctions pressure on Russia has exacerbated the economic problems of the West. European financiers note that EU politicians are afraid to take responsibility for decisions taken under the slogans of transatlantic solidarity and assistance to Ukraine.
In fact, this whole situation with global confrontation and the breakdown of the dollar system is disastrous for the United States not by economic factors, but by intellectual ones. Roughly speaking, Washington will undoubtedly lose to Moscow only because the US does not even have a concept of a plan to solve the colossal economic problems and save the dollar system.
Intellectual life in the US and Russia goes in opposite directions. The US has nothing left for a long time. There, no one can imagine even a weak positive scenario. The complete absence of any thought, not to mention the concept.
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Do the processes of unifying market, financial, economic, etc. structures on an international scale increase the economic, financial, energy, etc. security of the countries participating in this process?
Does the unification of market structures, an increase in standardization and homogenization of the functioning of economic and financial systems on an international scale, the removal of barriers to the cross-border flow of goods and production factors, the introduction of a common currency cause the acceleration of economic development, an increase in the level of economic and financial stability of the region composed of countries that thus increasingly cooperate with each other economically and not only economically?
An example of the unification of market structures, an increase in standardization and homogenization of the functioning of economic and financial systems on an international scale, the removal of barriers to the cross-border flow of goods and production factors, the introduction of a common currency is the European Union with its area of ​​the common currency, the Euro. European integration includes international cooperation, unifying market structures, removing barriers to the cross-border flow of goods and production factors. A higher level of international economic and financial integration is the adoption of a common currency, e.g. the Euro currency. Poland, just after the system and economic transformation in 1989, because already in the early 1990s, adopted a plan to adjust the economy, financial systems, banking, legal regulations, institutional and organizational issues, etc. to the standards of the European Union, in order to join the EU structures . The central bank in Poland, ie the National Bank of Poland, adopted a strategic plan to combat the then hyperinflation, stabilize the economy and prepare and adjust the financial system, including the banking system, to European Union standards at the very beginning of the 1990s. This process was carried out efficiently and effectively. Poland joined the EU in May 2004. Thus, the aforementioned period of adjustments to the economy, financial systems, banking, legal regulations, institutional and organizational issues, etc., lasted over a decade. The unification of market structures, an increase in the standardization and homogenization of the functioning of economic and financial systems on an international scale, the removal of barriers to the cross-border flow of goods and production factors leads to the reduction of the costs of the implementation of these processes and thus the formation of pro-development impulses that automatically activate economic processes on unified, homogenized markets . As a consequence, economic growth can significantly accelerate and stimulate economic development in the entire region of shared market structures operating in countries that increasingly cooperate with each other. The above-mentioned Unification of market structures, the functioning of economic and financial systems on an international scale, the removal of barriers to the cross-border flow of goods and production factors are also key factors accelerating the processes of economic globalization, globalization of financial systems, etc. Unfortunately, the governments of some, few countries in Europe act as if they did not appreciate these values. For example, unfortunately, this is how the current PIS government of the country in which I operate has operated for 7 years. The plan for Poland to adopt the common currency, the Euro, was adopted at the end of the 1990s. This plan could be implemented a few years after Poland joined the European Union. Unfortunately, the global financial crisis of 2007-2009 caused problems which resulted in the postponement of this plan. However, when the financial markets stabilized after 2009, there could be a return to the implementation of the above-mentioned plan of introducing the Polish economy to the area of ​​the common currency, Euro. However, the political options that took over the reign of power in Poland changed. The current government, which implements a populist economic policy consisting in increasing the scale of centralized state intervention, and finances new socio-economic programs mainly by increasing the public debt and printing the domestic currency PLN. Precisely because the largest socio-economic programs, including anti-crisis shields, which were used during the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic in the form of public financial aid consisting in providing non-repayable subsidies to companies and enterprises, were also based on the reprint of the national currency PLN. The result of the use of additional printing of domestic money during a pandemic on a historically record-high scale was the increase in inflation, which started almost from the beginning of 2021. As the printing of the domestic currency PLN and additional issues of treasury bonds, increasing the public debt are the key instruments for the current government to implement government economic programs, the current government does not want to implement the plan of introducing the Polish economy to the euro area, adopted over two decades ago. As a result, the risk of debt and financial liquidity in the public finance system of the state increases, and inflation continues to rise. Recently, the Central Statistical Office published data showing that in August 2022 inflation increased again and reached a record level of 16.1 percent. Producer inflation is still much higher than consumer inflation, which, combined with the growing interest rates on bank loans, contributes to the deepening economic slowdown, the symptoms of which appeared already in mid-2022. The above-mentioned negative processes, in line with macroeconomic forecasts, will cause a serious downturn in the economy in Poland in the following quarters and in 2023. Core inflation is estimated at around 10 percent. Core inflation is estimated by subtracting food, fuel and energy, i.e. the key factors of international influence, including the impact of the war in Ukraine, from total consumer inflation. As the core inflation generated by internal factors in Poland is much higher than in the European Union, the domestic economic policy, national public policy, public finance management by the government, domestic monetary policy of the politicized central bank, etc. politicized, centrally controlled, interventionist and monetarist, national socio-economic policy in Poland increasingly distances Poland from the plan of adopting the common currency and increases the risk of liquidity and debt of the public finance system of the state. Therefore, in the event of the emergence of another global economic and / or financial crisis in the future, the Polish economy may find itself in a more serious crisis compared to previous crises. Besides, continuing these considerations in order to answer the question: Do the processes of unifying market and financial structures, etc. on an international scale increase the economic and financial security of the countries participating in this process? - further threats that affect the economies and civilization of many countries, such as the currently developing energy crisis and the constantly growing long-term risk of a future climate crisis, can also be taken into account. Transnational economic integration in the European Union also applies to environmental and climate policy, which, unfortunately, also do not belong to the priorities of the current government in Poland. The process of pro-environmental and pro-climate transformation of the Polish economy, including the energy sector, has been slowed down for 7 years in Poland. The result is still a significant advantage of dirty combustion energy in the generation of electricity and heat in Poland. Energy production in Poland based on the combustion of mainly hard coal and other fossil fuels is still 3/4 of the total energy sector. It is also a result of ignoring the guidelines of the environmental and climate policy of the European Union in Poland for many years. Therefore, the level of energy security in the context of the current energy crisis has been significantly lowered by this type of national energy policy. I examined the issues of the above-mentioned standardization of market structures, the functioning of economic and financial systems on an international scale, the removal of barriers to the cross-border flow of goods and production factors, I examined these issues on the example of the adaptation of the banking system, including commercial banks, to European banking. I have included the results of my research on this issue in articles that were published on my profile of this Research Gate portal. Researchers and scientists studying analogous processes of adjusting market structures, financial systems, banking, etc., are invited to scientific cooperation.
In view of the above, I address the following research question to the Honorable Community of Researchers and Scientists:
Do the processes of unifying market, financial, economic, etc. structures on an international scale increase the economic, financial, energy, etc. security of the countries participating in this process?
What is your opinion on this topic?
Please reply,
I invite everyone to the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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In terms of volume, they do but LDCs and economically weak partners pay the price of becoming wholly reliant on FDIs while, due to lack of local economic structure, technology transfer is minimal.
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I am (still) working on differences between national and organizational culture. Is the global media, traveling and general exposure of individuals to other cultures more influential than MNC impact in business on cultural converegency? Is there any research on the topic?
Thanks for your contributions.
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If globaization is contributing to build up corporate culture along with that it is proportionately destroying the small businesses culture s trend lready threatened by the sinking economy will be irreparably damaged
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There are certain emerging global issues in the field of women and gender studies. I would like to know your ideas on this topic.
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There are several emerging global issues in the field. These may include gender based violence, gender inequality, Gender rights, gender health, gendered knowledge, gendered culture, practical gender needs, strategic gender needs, gender injustice, early marriages, freedom and choices etc. But it vary from country to country and culture to culture.
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In your opinion, what are the biggest barriers and limitations for the global dissemination in the business processes of sustainable green economy based on the concept of green economy?
Please reply
Best wishes
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The research work has several barriers which are inherent in advanced economies facing industrilisation.
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How can we understand the nature of the hidden roles of the multimedia in creating cultural and societal participants and their impact on global public opinion?
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Overall, whereas the user can deal with information according to personal preparations and social controls, and in light of his stored knowledge that allows accepting or rejecting this information, and in the event that it is accepted, the user allows it to enter the knowledge repository to interact with it, as indicated by the information processing theory, which emphasizes that the media help attention due to the simple and uncomplicated models they present in order to achieve the ability to perceive, interpret and remember, and make the user perform cognitive operations on them and keep them in his memory, which facilitates the assimilation of news and press topics with complex details.
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Hi there, I hope you're doing well. I assume that there are some tenders that require that the applicants be from the same country of the tender. Is there a way to filter results where only tenders that accept applicants from other countries show up? Please note that our field is e-learning (specifically education enabling by providing content digitization and a technological platform (LMS) in partnership with content creators & sellers).
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Haseeb Javed by remote I mean, that you don't have to be in the country itself
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Difficult question, esp where scientists face persecution and harassment for whistle-blowing.
Could we have a Global body to report infringements to? A body with the power to investigate and prosecute?
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If there is no morality in everything, it is a worthless product. We Uzbeks have a saying: It is easy to be a scientist, it is difficult to be a man. Because it is very sad that even among scientists there are immoral people, which is primarily a sign of their lack of moral qualities.
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Globally, 1000s of people work from home during COVID-19. We are a group of researchers from the DTU, Technical University of Denmark, who want to find out how you and your peers use digital technology during the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak, how you collaborate and organize remote work.
We hope you will spend a few minutes answering our questions.
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Working from home gave a lot of experiences but it has difference situation where the stakeholders have become successful somehow but it needs to be updated to fulfill the Authorities expectations.
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What are the economic effects of the spread of the COVID-19 epidemic on the economies of developed countries and the value of global currencies?
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the continued spread of Covid-19 does significantly raise exchange rate volatility. For government responses, the existing literature believes that intervention policies during the pandemic may have had a counterproductive effect on stock returns and caused poverty and inequality. However, our research provides some different perspectives. Therefore, when a government adopts various intervention policies for Covid-19, it should fully consider the resultant impacts and try to eliminate any adverse ones on the overall economy.
Cfr.
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Except for some early protectionist behaviour by some countries and the consumer panic buying in the early days of the pandemic, global food supply chains have demonstrated remarkable resilience during this whole time. Currently, there are no global food shortages. In fact, the prices did fall slightly at one point. During the 2007-08 economic crisis, however, food prices were severely disrupted. Please share your thoughts on how this occurred and whether global food supply chains have become more sophisticated. Also, what are the implications for "local foods" in the pandemic?
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Also check..
Development of the Organic Food Market in Romania during the...
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What is the Advantages and disadvantages of Globalization???
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Advantages : Buisness networking through IT can be too much popular .
( automation of whole world become easier ) .
Disadvanges : Unemplyment , money hacking through banking sector , Cyber crime through social media are increasing day by day
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It is observed that global economy is weakening. A economic slowdown giving rise to tit-for -tat tariffs and moreover the political uncertainties are adding woes.
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“The optimum population is modeled on the iceberg- eight-ninths below the water line, one-ninth above.”
― Aldous Huxley, Brave New World
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Hello dears,
I am working on my master thesis. my thesis title is: social policy and economic development; a comperative study in globale scale.
I have few question about this issue.
Do you know successful thesis or diseetation about my field that have done with fs/qca?
which software is useful for fs/qca?
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See the applied research published in this regard. The process of qualitative data analysis and statistical comparisons will become clear to you.
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Due to the progressing global warming process, the issue of necessary ecological reforms should be one of the most important issues shaping the processes of globalization in the 21st century.
Will ecology become one of the key aspects of globalization in the 21st century?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Garry King,
Yes you are right. I also believe that the growing risk of a global climate crisis at the end of the 21st century, the progressing global warming process and the need to urgently carry out a pro-environmental transformation of the global economy are becoming one of the important factors of globalization in the current 21st century. Yes, the key issue is whether this growing pro-environmental awareness of citizens will translate into appropriate decisions made by political leaders and decision makers. Unfortunately, the last UN Climate Summit COP26, which took place in the first half of November 2021 in Glasgow, Scotland, indicates that, unfortunately, the decisions taken and real actions in this matter are insufficient.
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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the @GLEONetwork #Zooplankton as Indicators Group #ZIG needs your help! We will harmonize zoop #data from #lakes globally & we still have a lot of white space! If you think your data can help, here’s our big project & DM if you have questions!
We’re so excited to have the support of 73 (!) #ZIG members already, but the more, the #data merrier! If you know of any #notwitter #zooplankton people who may be interested in joining the project, feel free to reach out and send information along! #PlanktonAreAwesome
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I investigated the Calanoid Copepod Centropagidae fauna of some 650 Tasmanian (Australian) subalpine lake and wetland systems and found that there were 3 distinct geographical provinces base on distribution of species. IS this of any use to you ?
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Diabetes is already known to be a key risk factor for developing severe COVID-19, and people with the condition are more likely to die. Now evidence from the clinic and the laboratory suggests that the virus damages insulin-producing cells, triggering diabetes in some people. More research is needed, and it has begun: earlier this month, an international group of scientists established a global database to collect information on people with COVID-19 who show issues with their blood-sugar levels.
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Also, see the following useful link.
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Where can I get global Covid19 related data publicly available for research and academic work. Specifically looking for patient data, demographics, distribution etc.
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The pandemic has definitely changed the way in which countries operate from the health sector to technological advances to the education and economic well being. However, Kiprotich Kiptum has a valid point.
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Does the globalization of financial markets increase the scope of potential systemic credit risk in the sphere of financial systems, including banking systems with particular focus on investment banking?
In the context of the development of international capital markets, the development of stock exchanges, increasingly globalized and related, the importance of globalization of financial markets, including capital markets and stock exchanges, is increasing.
On these capital markets, there are also increasingly large, internationally operating investment banks and investment funds, whose profits generate increasingly from speculative transactions of securities issued by companies and the public sector, including also Treasury bonds of other countries.
In addition, currency markets are growing, on which speculatively operating internecional banks and hedge investment and investment funds also speculatively. Before the emergence of the global financial crisis in 2008, it was mainly investment banking that approved the excessive levels of credit risk and speculative, too high, overvalued valuations of securities on stock exchanges.
The recent global financial crisis that appeared in autumn 2008 was an example of the increase in potential systemic credit risk in many countries in which the governments of these countries through the issue of government bonds and their sale to foreign investors led to a significant increase in the risk of a liquidity crisis in the state finances and in many smaller economies, they generated major crises in the debt of state finances.
Do you agree with my opinion?
Therefore, I am asking you the following questions:
- What impact does economic globalization have on the potential increase in systemic credit risk on a supranational scale?
- Does the globalization of financial markets and the development of growing global banks and investment funds increase the level of potential systemic credit risk, increase the risk of destablization on many capital markets and thus increases the likelihood of generating another global financial crisis?
- Does the globalization of financial markets increase the scope of potential systemic credit risk in the sphere of financial systems, including banking systems with particular focus on investment banking?
Please reply
I have described these issues in recently published publications:
I invite you to discussion and scientific cooperation
Best wishes
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Sure economic globalization raflect on financial system by exchange of experts,workers,agriculture,industry ,.......all aspects of production and energy beside means of transport all these constitue a huge progress on production and consumption .All these different aspects complementry to each other which reflects positively on the financial system
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Do multinational corporations and financial institutions, including banks and investment funds, play a significant role in generating globalization processes?
In recent years, the importance of supranational large corporations and financial institutions, including banks and investment funds, has been growing.
These large industrial, service, commercial and financial corporations are a particularly important factor in contemporary globalization processes. If such large corporations operate cross-border, cross-border in many countries, including small economies, generate negative processes of globalization, then in these countries reverse and deglobalization processes may appear.
Deglobalization, ie the reverse process to globalization, is taking place most strongly in those economic regions in which globalization processes generate many negative aspects.
In view of the above, I would like to ask you: Do multinational corporations and financial institutions, including banks and investment funds, play a significant role in generating globalization processes?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Dear Mohammed Faez Hasan,
Yes, large corporations, enterprises, companies, financial institutions operating internationally and international trade are the key determinants of the development of economic globalization.
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Is Global Journal of Science Frontier Research B: Chemistry , trust-able journal to publish work.
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I suppose not; Global Journals is on Beall's list of (potential) predatory journals
(https://beallslist.net/) and many Global Journals are also on the following list of predatory journals: https://archive.fo/9MAAD
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I am astonished that there seems to be no (?) published article on the total GHG emissions from mineral fertilizers. Not even the 1500 page IPCC reports on land and agriculture has it.
My own calculations land on that the emissions are in the range of 3% of total emissions. Any comments, or links to relevant research or data are appreciated:
Global emissions from nitrogen fertilizers Global consumption of N in fertilizers according to FAO: 115 million ton. For the production we can use 6 kg CO2e per kg of N, which was the European average ten years ago, most likely a bit lower than the current global average: 115*6 = 690 million ton. Note that these figures don’t include methane emissions, which according to the new US research might be substantial. For the use phase: 115 million ton N * 1 % IPCC:s emission factor * 44/28 (this converts N to laughing gas) * 298 (IPCC factor for conversion of laughing gas to carbon dioxide equivalents): 115*1%*44/28*298 = 538 million ton for the emissions from agriculture soils caused by N-fertilizers. Adding rough estimates for transportation and application we reach somewhere above 1,400 million tons in total. Source: own calculations
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Sure, I am still interested
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Should the Federal Reserve Bank in the US be the main institution shaping and leading pro-growth active state interventionism?
In principle, YES, but it should be specified precisely the framework for a possible anti-crisis launch and implementation of the policy of active state intervention. The Federal Reserve Bank should continue to fulfill its current functions. In this respect, it is the most important institution in the US in terms of maintaining financial stability in the banking system and indirectly in the entire financial system. In addition, indirectly supports inter-branch, transactional, market, business and cross-border trade and capital flows. As the Federal Reserve advises on the issue of maintaining financial stability, it also translates into the entire US economy and also to a large extent on the entire global economy while the economy The US is recognized as a key global player. On the other hand, the Federal Reserve Bank, using its monetary policy instruments and the possibility of buying back lost commercial loans and junk securities, should focus on stabilizing the situation on the financial markets rather than on actively stimulating demand for securities, which may generate another global one in the long run. financial crisis. I examined this problem and described it in my scientific publications.
In view of the above, the current question is: Should the Federal Reserve Bank in the US be the main institution shaping and leading pro-growth active state interventionism?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG,
The issue of the impact of monetary policy on the stability of financial systems in the context of the global financial crisis is described in the publication:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Best wishes
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Recent financial and economic crises have shown that the interventionist, anti-crisis, lenient monetary policy consisting in lowering interest rates and the intervention purchase of lost assets from commercial banks from commercial banks (lost and worthless loans, junk securities) with the highest level of credit risk turned out to be effective as an instrument of anti-crisis policy, the aim of which is to limit the scale of unemployment growth, decrease in liquidity in the financial system, limit the scale of economic recession, etc. I described these issues in my publications on my Research Gate profile.
What do you think about this topic?
I invite you to the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Greetings,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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What is your opinion about the impact of monetary policy on the stability of financial systems in the context of the analysis of the sources of the global financial crisis in 2008?
Please reply
Best wishes
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During the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic, anti-crisis, interventionist measures, fiscal and budget policy instruments were used, including mainly public financial aid instruments for business entities. A significant part of the funds for these purposes came from the direct purchase of treasury bonds by the central bank. However, with the large-scale use of this practice of introducing additional, anti-crisis money to the economy, which activates consumption and economic activity, there may be an increase in inflation, a decrease in the value of the domestic currency and additional risk factors for destabilizing the financial system.
I invite you to the discussion, Greetings,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Hi, I want to perform an a priori power analysis to determine the sample size for my study. I have one between subject variable with two levels (I assume number of groups = 2), three dependent variables (I assume response variables = 3). I am just interest in the main- and mediation effects. Alpha and Power are specified in the picture. Now, I was wondering about the effect-size categories (small, medium, large) because I cannot find anything about Pillai's V. What would be a medium effect size for f^2 (V)? Also, I thought that for MANOVAs, the partial eta-squared is indicating the effect size?
Best!
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And how to convert to f(v) (pillai)?
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As an academic or professional leader with an academic career, what is the appropriate leadership style to lead your team in the light of the global epidemic, quarantine and remote leadership?
Please it is very important to give your opinion
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Be a visionary leader
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In the second half of the twentieth century, new neoclassical trends dominated in the history of economic thought, partly referring to the foundations of classical economics.
However, at the end of the twentieth century and in recent years, various concepts that complement or partly undermine certain assumptions of neoclassical economics are developing dynamically.
These are primarily theories based on conducted studies on behavioral consumer behavior in consumer goods markets, investors and shareholders in the capital markets, entrepreneurs in the markets of capital goods, etc.
These various theories supported by the results of research are in the mainstream of behavioral economics.
However, despite the ongoing development of behavioral economics, neoclassical economics still dominates in academic textbooks dedicated to students of economics.
Neoclassical economics is based on the fundamental assumption that people make rational economic decisions.
Advocates of the neoclassical economics suggest that the theory of neoclassical economics correlates with the key assumptions of psychology regarding rational human behavior.
I agree with this correlation that irrational decisions only apply to situations in which people feel very strong emotions of both negative nature, such as anger, hostility, hatred or positive emotions associated with feeling of love, friendship or belonging to a given social group.
On the other hand, economic decisions are always made rationally according to classical and neoclassical economics.
However, in recent years, on the basis of the development of behavioral economics, there are more and more data and results of research carried out, that unfortunately there are many examples suggesting the irrationality of some economic decisions.
Often, consumers make unnecessary purchases based on an efficiently carried out advertising campaign for products or services.
Perhaps consumers are more and more often susceptible to the impact of effective advertising campaigns, in addition to traditional media, also in new online media, including on social media portals, where viral marketing is widely used.
Often in advertising campaigns, specific products and services are presented as unique, innovative or having such features as opposed to the substitutional offer of competition.
The message that is not always formulated in the advertising campaign is truthful, but some consumers may receive such a message as objective and this translates into an increase in the sale of a specific, effectively advertised assortment.
In addition, there are price promotional campaigns in large-format stores, which also stimulate consumer interest, increase sales.
Pricing promotional campaigns often also increase the purchase of unnecessary goods for consumers or proverbial buying.
A negative aspect of such buying is the subsequent discomfort of spending too much money on this type of shopping, despite the fact that the main activation factor was an effective price promotional campaign.
Often it happens that in the situation of this type of occasional purchases for stock some of the purchased products are thrown away, that is, they end up in the trash.
Especially often such situations happen, if consumers under the influence of emotional susceptibility to marketing content used in an advertising campaign make purchases of food products with a short shelf-life date.
These are typical situations indicating the unnecessary purchases of unnecessary products by consumers.
In such situations, the effectiveness of advertising campaigns can be analyzed in terms of the psychological impact on consumer emotions, so this is the subject matter of the issue described as behavioral economics.
According to classical and neoclassical economics, consumers rarely change their preferences, and if they change it is a very slow process, difficult to diagnose in a short time.
In addition, according to the trend of neoclassical economics, citizens, households and business entities maximize their own profits in the conditions of competitive market structures.
However, the results of experiments and conducted research in the field of behavioral economics have already questioned the fundamental assumptions on which the theory of choice in the neo-classical economy is based.
Why is it so that people do not always make rational economic decisions?
The answer to this is given by behavioral economics, which deals with cognitive errors affecting people's decisions.
These decisions are not always rational and because they concern many shopping situations not always needed products, so they are also of significance for the domestic or even global economy.
The global significance of these not always rational economic decisions arises when the effects of these decisions are analyzed in the context of economic globalization processes.
In addition, the results of research in the field of behavioral economics indicate that consumer preferences may change depending on the context, ie the specificity of a particular situation in which decisions are made.
In addition to the study of consumer behavior on the basis of behavioral economics, there are behaviors of, for example, investors on capital markets who also often do not have full information about the issuer of securities buy or sell shares, bonds and other instruments listed on securities markets under the influence of partly emotions and not just rationally made decisions.
Emotion, which often accompanies decision making about purchasing or selling securities, may have positive acceptance of high risk levels in good times in different markets and as a result of the so-called "sheep's rush", which boils down to buying, because it was previously bought by a friend and neighbor, and earned it.
There may also be irrational decisions on the sale of securities in a situation where it later turns out to be a short-term panic on the capital market.
In the light of the above examples, irrational economic decisions made by citizens and economic entities often conditioned by the psychological factor of positive or negative emotions are more and more numerous.
This raises the question why more and more in recent years we will be able to provide these examples confirming the validity of the development of research in the field of behavioral economics.
Is it because in recent years more and more economists are growing up and seeing research in the field of behavioral economics?
Or rather because in the deregulated financial markets market instability situations are more frequent, markets tend to lose their market equilibrium, financial crises occur more frequently, and the scale of undervaluation and the more revalue of market valuations of certain assets can be more and more pronounced on stock exchanges.
Analogously, the impact of more and more effective advertising campaigns on consumers, advertising campaigns also conducted on social media websites can increase the importance of occasional emotions in the context of decisions to buy specific products or services.
In view of the above, the current question is: Do consumers always make rational consumer decisions when purchasing economic goods?
Please reply, I invite everyone to the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Silvia Sarti, Francesco Testa, and I recently examined consumers' pro-sustainability purchases to assess which proportion of the market was motivated to purchase based on intrinsic (collectivist) sustainability motivations as opposed to individualistic sustainability motivations. The findings are relevant to this discussion, even if definitions of consumer rationality are slippery:
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It is claimed global warming is a real phenomenon indicating the rise in Global atmospheric temperature. As earth surface and atmosphere are inter related does the rise in temperature in the atmosphere has influence on soil temperature. If so up to what depth.
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It will increase soil temperature and reduce water content in the soil. So with time this will increase the area of desertification.
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C. Møller was wrong in his famost paper "On homogeneous gravitational fields in the general theory of relativity and the clock paradox" . see pdf.
  • C. Møller wroted: The equations (14) thus reduce to the single equation (16) with the general solution
  • (I) D = a(1+gx)2
  • However (16) is not a global solution of the equation:
  • (II) G22=G33=[D1/2 ]''/D1/2=0
  • Inserting Moller's solution (I) into Eq.(II) on Moller horizon x=-1/g, one obtains 0/0 ,i.e., uncertainty
  • but not 0!!!
  • Under this Møller mistake, Unruch calculation obviously breaks down.
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Analysis of the effectiveness of stock exchange markets?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Analysis of the effectiveness of stock exchange markets.
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Chia-Lin Chang,
Yes of course. The currently used automated trading systems used by institutional investors are based on analytical models that use the latest achievements in the implementation of statistics and econometrics in the field of finance.
Thank you, Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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I want some current articles related to Economic Globalization and Trade Liberalization? your suggestions and thanks.
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A very interesting and important question
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Moreover, only by considering re-radiation effects of built-up area would be good enough?
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Hi. I hope the following chapter might help you:
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Dear colleagues,
Is IGI Global a quality publisher for a book? My concern is that I may not reach a wide audience if the book has a high price...
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of global financial crisis?
In my opinion, globalization is leading to the Integration of Business Cycles.
In this way, globalization may deepen economic crises, including the global financial and debt crisis. An example was the global financial crisis, which appeared in mid-September 2008.
At that time bankruptcy was announced by one of the largest investment banks in the world.
As a result of unreliable credit risk management procedures, billions of USD of financial losses have been generated.
It turned out that the unwritten rule no longer works, that "big can not fall". However, it is the emergence of ever larger international corporations and financial institutions that is one of the main determinants of the processes of economic globalization that have been progressing in recent years these processes continue.
(The continuation of these considerations can be found in the comments below).
Do you agree with my opinion?
Please reply
I conduct research in key aspects of this issue. The results of these tests are described in the following publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Best wishes
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Interesting question
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Dear RG members,
I am working on the potentials of "Glocalization" (i.e., the combination of globalization and localization) to support the sustainable development agenda and achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs).
In your opinion, how glocalization can affect the SDGs? Which SDGs?
I would be pleased to receive your comments, suggestions, or any suitable reference in this regard.
Best,
Meisam
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sorted by relevance | date
  1. Research articleTransformative tourism organizations and glocalization Annals of Tourism Research29 March 2019...Joelle Soulard Nancy Gard McGehee Marc Stern
  2. Conference abstractOpen access160: Exploring Glocalization in the Construction and Implementation of Global Curricula Radiotherapy and OncologySeptember 2020...Meredith Giuliani Janneke Frambach Maria Athina (Tina) Martimianakis Download PDF
  3. Want a richer search experience? Sign inSign in for article previews, additional search fields & filters, and multiple article download & export options.
  4. Research articleA ‘glocalization’ approach to the internationalizing of crisis communication Business Horizons14 February 2018...Derek Lehmberg Jeff Hicks
  5. Research articleGlocalization in Website Writing: The Case of MNsure and Imagined/Actual Audiences Computers and CompositionDecember 2015...Lee-Ann Kastman Breuch
  6. Research articleThe glocalization of mining conflict: Cases from Peru The Extractive Industries and SocietyNovember 2016...Maritza Paredes
  7. Research articleAn institutional perspective of “Glocalization” in two Asian tigers: The “Structure−Agent−Strategy” of building an age-friendly city Habitat InternationalJanuary 2017...Yi Sun Tzu-Yuan Chao Doreen W. H. Au
  8. Book reviewGlobal Themes and Local Variations in Organization and Management—Perspectives on Glocalization
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It was observed globally that by putting mask on face reduced the transmission of coronavirus which is already stated in Islam. Moreover, by praying 5 times a days is essential in Islam in which wazu (gargling mouth and rinsing nose) which are two steps out of five steps are used to prevent the infection....
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I think that perhaps I have not understood the question well and, by virtue of this, it seems to want to affirm, and not so much to ask, that there is an impact or relationship (it is supposed to be preventive or protective), but the question itself does not clarify towards what (in fact, it says verbatim: Impact of the veil (hijab) and Nimaz (five sentences in Islam)?), it must be SUPPOSED to be regarding COVID-19; is that so ?.
Well, if the meaning of the question is such, which I repeat, it is rather a statement or assertion, we would have to differentiate two aspects:
1st: The hijab, in and of itself, little or nothing prevents COVID-19 as it does not cover either the mouth or the nose, just as neither the turban, nor the scarf, nor the tarbush or fez do of men and since its use is a custom (according to some) or a religious precept (according to others), it does not seem reasonable, if it is a religious precept, that God the Merciful would have wanted to protect one sex from COVID (on the assumption that the hijab would protect) and not the other ... or vice versa.
In the same way, wazu or wudu or ablution does not prevent it either, no matter how much it is a purification rite (but more of the soul than of the body, although also of the latter) and much less if such wudu is "dry" and "minor. "Without going into that Sunnis and Shiites, respecting both, interpret and do it differently.
2nd: I have said the above as a Healthcare Professional that I am; As a believer, in my case Christian, I have been brought up with the utmost affection and respect for Islam, which I know deeply since my mother died when I was a child and I was raised by a Muslim nanny, may God have in his glory that I loved like a mother, when I was with her and out of respect and affection for her, if it coincided with Ramadan I would fulfill it and I was "Ramadaní" too, nor would I eat pork at home with her, etc. For all this, as a convinced and respectful believer, I believe that it is good and healthy for each one, if he is a believer, to adequately comply with the precepts of his Religion, but not to mix one thing with another; In our case, this means that it seems correct to use the hijab as a personal decision, but not as an obligation (many scholars say that its use is not a precept, although it is not the issue now) and, of course, the Nimaz with its corresponding Wazu or Wudu; but from there to say that this is preventive of COVID-19, it seems to me, with all due respect, a recklessness and, even, "tempt God" and not love your neighbor, due to the risk of contagion, to ALWAYS leave in His Hands MERCIFUL something that is OUR RESPONSIBILITY: "Pray as if everything depended on God but Work as if everything depended on you" or, as the Roman Law said: "the mule dies for its owner, then it is he who must take care of it". Thank you.
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Currently, it is difficult to define this type of analytic problem. The key issue is forecasting future global problems. It is necessary to collect additional analytical data over the next years and perhaps in about 100 years in huge Big Data database systems supported by another generation of artificial intelligence, it will be possible to forecast what can happen to the planet Earth in the next 1000 years.
In view of the above, the current question is: Will I be able to precisely forecast in the 21st century what will be the future of planet Earth in the next 1000 years?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Forecasting climatic, geological, natural and other processes that may occur in the next several dozen years is burdened with a very large scope of research error. Despite the progress made in the field of predictive analytics, the impact of the development of civilization on the climate and the biosphere of the planet Earth is still large and growing. Therefore, forecasting the development of climatic, geological and natural processes that may appear in the next several hundred years may border on the proverbial "fortune-telling on tea grounds".
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Big tech is constrained by the political environment in which they operate, locally and globally.
If the world is divided between democracy and non-democracy given current capitalism dynamics, we should expect big tech to face fewer constraints; and therefore enjoy more business stability under democracy than under a non-democracy, and this should expected to affect future globalization trends. Which raises the question, Democratic capitalism vrs non-democratic capitalism: Is this the end of true globalization?
I think, perhaps yes and perhaps no. What do you think?
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Thanks; I agree with you, we need to leave here.
Have a nice evening.
Mohamed
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Are we finally moving to a rebranded gold standard with crypto currency? Read this article to consider the model for this discussion.
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@Kazi Mohammed Mahbobor Rahman How can the globe limit this considering that actors in the market are outside the circle of Economic regulators?
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Does economic globalization have a significant impact on the development of international financial systems and on the operation of supranational capital markets?
Is the globalization of information related to the growing share of the Internet in the global dissemination of information on the situation on financial markets also related to economic globalization?
What is your opinion on this issue?
Please reply
Thank you very much
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
The issues of globalization of financial and banking systems are described in the publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Financial flows would tend to suggest that the degree of internationalization of financial markets has increased over recent years to reach levels broadly comparable to those seen in the period of marked financial market integration which preceded World War I. As mentioned at the outset, however, quantities alone cannot be a good indicator of globalization because the law of one price may still not apply when cross-border financial flows become more widespread.
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Sure, the global economy has been affected badly by the Corona-virus. Any news about the damages resulted from such effect so far; and any forecasts about such damages in the future. You may talk globally or country-wise.
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During this period, the economy is in crisis in most countries, especially developing countries. Many small businesses have closed and many workers have lost their jobs. Per capita income is declining and poverty is rising. But on the other hand, Internet companies have flourished and developed, and some countries, such as China, have gained more economic power and dominance in global markets.
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The Principles of the GRI are:
Reporting Principles for defining report content
Stakeholder Inclusiveness
Sustainability Context
Materiality
Completeness
Reporting Principles for defining report quality
Accuracy
Balance
Clarity
Comparability
Reliability
Timeliness
They were created to help companies raise the quality of their non-financial reporting/sustainability reporting. Are there studies which use them or proxies related to them to measure the quality of the non-financial reporting/sustainability reporting in a qualitative and/or quantitative way?
Source for the GRI Principles
GRI 101: Foundation
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I quantitatively used it by analyzing the content of annual reports to determine the level of sustainability disclosure
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How does globalization impact the role of the United States on the global economic and political stage?
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In this question I indisputably coincide with the theory in this current world we find ourselves in constant development, and with a marked globalization, businesses have the need to expand or stagnate. Companies have understood that outside the borders of their countries there are very great growth opportunities, but they have also learned that to take advantage of these opportunities, it is necessary to know and face challenges
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Can the experts, economists, and researchers on RG help me answer the question? How will globalization be shaped as the SEISMIC shock of the pandemic has revealed the fragility of an interconnected world?
Is globalization still worth the risk?
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One absolutely essential question. I perfectly agree with Rajkumar Rajendram
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Dear all, I'm looking for the numbers that represent the global melanin market size and its compound annual growth rate. Thank you!
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The global Melamine market size was valued at USD 1,632.1 million in 2019 and is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 4.5% during the forecast period.
Melamine manufacturing companies work in close contact with their clients to cater to the customized requirements which suit their production processes. Companies nowadays provide a wide product portfolio having products with different specifications in order to suit the customized needs of the clients. Companies are also optimizing their overall Melamine manufacturing process to provide with products within a narrow range of compositions.
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For my global or untargeted metabolomics I used AMDIS for preprocessing and got .ELU file that contains both the m/z and intensity of components, however some has alphabets and numbers e.g. (51,921 N0.2) compared with this (153,999 ) , please see below components in bold, I am trying to create m/z and intensity table to be used in metaboAnalyst, please what does the components in bold mean? Are they repeats? Do I need to use them also for my mass/intensity table creation?
PEAKS
(153,999 )(52,356 )(65,595 )(66,284 )(76,276 )(77,951 )
(78,999 )(80,339 )(81,577 )(82,397 )(89,336 )
(51,921 N0.2)(52,966 B0.3)(56,728 N0.2)(58,947 B0.5)
(61,646 N0.2)(62,1341 B0.2)(63,1205 B0.3)(64,960 B0.5)(65,860 N0.2)
Thank you as I await your kind response.
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  • I finally used SeeMS. SeeMS create m/z, intensity and other parameters table. Just copy the table from SeeMS using control copy and paste in excel spreadsheet. The peak list is done and dusted.
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The environment from local to global scales has witnessed apparent positive and negative impacts. Global lockdowns have drastically altered the patterns of energy demand and have caused an economic downturn but at the same time, have provided an upside-cleaner global environment. Irrespective of the obvious decline in CO2 emission and air pollution owing to the lockdowns which although temporarily, but may contribute to mitigating climate change, many parallels indeed do exist between the challenges in fighting this global climate change and pandemic.
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I am looking for a longterm (10+ years) dataset of mean EVI/NDVI or annual maximum EVI/NDVI and similar. Basically, I am trying to avoid downloading tons of images and doing the averaging myself, because I need this on a global scale with 1km resolution or better.
Thanks for your help.
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Hello, I also encountered a similar problem with you, I don't know if you solved it? Can you tell me the specific process? thank you
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1) Precipitation datasets(real i.e. ground data) :
Requirements:
a) last 10 to 15 years
b) Sub daily (3hourly/6 hourly )
c) Location: Global or India
d) good spatial resolution(0.25*0.25/0.5*0.5)
2) Surface Wind datasets(real i.e. ground data) :
Requirements:
a) last 10 to 15 years
b) Sub daily (3hourly/6 hourly )
c) Location: Global or India
d) good spatial resolution(0.25*0.25/0.5*0.5)
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Dear Goel,
You must be a registered data user and be signed in to access this information. – see the attached file.
Sincerely Princ Ivan
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Dear Sir/Madam
I am studding Accounting and Finance. Currently we are doing Global business trend. I would be grateful for assisting me with this topic research.
Thank you
Munira Swapna
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Besides academic databases such as Jstor, EBSCO, or Scopus, you can search for specialist articles from financial media sources from reputable financial sources like the Economist, the Financial Times, CNN(ie World Business Report), the IMF, the World Economic Forum(which deals alot with Globalization and business), the World Bank, business NGOs and so on, depending on how academic(i.e if you want to publish in a scholarly journal or if you want to do a business or marketing style presentation) if you want to approach the subject. In any case, a theoretical background also wouldn't hurt.
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What are the global nutrition targets endorsed by WHO since 2012 ?
I don't know what is meaning by the target , or which population groups are they.
Thx for advance
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Poverty eradication is the primary goal of United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2030.
Despite the various actions carried out around the world to put an end to poverty, it remains the main challenge to achieving sustainable development at a global level.
The aim of the question is to find out whether innovative measures could be considered, taking into account the changes that have occurred in the social and economic field, following the Covid-19 pandemic?
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Thanks for your answer. I understand what you mean and tend to agree with you, but do think that the definition of “poverty” should be taken into account here.
The issue of inequalities will be the subject of another questionnaire. However, we can ask ourselves whether inequalities are the cause or the consequence of poverty.
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Let suppose, if COVID's second wave will hit then what will be the consequnces in terms of global economy? what will be the standing of real state sector and level of unemployment and inflation in future?
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I think the economic impact of this pandemic will be quite significant. For the time being, no country seems to have a clear recovery strategy.
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Today, racism continues to be one of the main discrimination problems in our society. On multitudes of occasions, we are present in situations where people are treated with inferiority and where they are judged with a wide variety of prejudices. This problem is usually seen in education, health, housing, politics, employment and in everyday life itself, both publicly and privately. Racism and racial discrimination is caused by fear, hatred, ignorance, ideology, by socio-economic circumstances, among others. That is why, today, various measures and struggles are carried out to become aware of the existing global problems. The UN is one of the main organizations that emphasizes this problem, due to the great lack of tolerance present in today's world, its main objective being to end racism, ethnic discrimination and xenophobia and trying to prevail above all the principle equality of all human beings. But do you think that one day the multitude of struggles and measures will bear fruit? What is your opinion?
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It is something completely abject that usually comes out from the difficulty to accept cultural diversity: there aren't "good" or bad "cultures", "inferior" or "superior", "civilized" or "uncivilized", "pure" or "impure", "right" or "wrong". There are only different cultures. It is exactly the same with human groups and individuals: we have different colors, different noses or eyes, diverse hair along with diverse cultures, diverse habits, and diverse cultural practices.
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In a liberal democracy, there is a free market, and in a free market big tech has the freedom it needs to maximize profits even when their actions are not socially and/or environmentally friendly. Big tech can spread easier around the world in countries under liberal democratic structures as the risk of expanding and operating freely there is technically small, rarely futile, than in places where there are non-liberal democracies where the risk of operating freely is very high, even futile.
Usually democracies have been defended by ordinary citizens during elections, not by big tech, but since 2016 and more after the covid19 pandemic big tech has taken a bigger role as it has been expected by their costumer to do so to promote and protect democratic rights using their economic muscle, specially the right to vote/participate, as the case of the USA shows.
Now it seems to be that big tech has realized that profits are more secure the better democracy works, and profits are more at risk when democracy is at risk or when there is no democracy or when democracy ends. They seem to know now that the stability of freedom of operation and expansion is directly related to the freedom that comes from operating under a true democracy.
In other words, current dynamics seem to show that true democracy to succeed needs the support of big tech and big tech to continue to succeed freely needs the support of liberal democracy.
If acting in a coordinated way, big tech can have a huge impact on the political systems inside which they work, be it democratic spaces or non-democratic spaces, which raises the current question, true democracy and big tech, do they need each other now more than ever to succeed locally and globally?.
I think yes, what do you think?
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Characteristic postmodern society information capitalist economy that is, the so-called speculative economy which is imbued with neoliberal ideology whereby most states democratic arranged except the USA where liberal is present politically arranging. A society in which we live it is also post-industrial in which agriculture and industry are losing the role they once had. In fact, not correct to say that these two sectors go out, but the service sector has already gained importance in which it opens a vast number of jobs, while in the previous two we have a considerable reduction of the same. Economic globalization enabled the transfer of production units from developed countries to underdeveloped countries where employees do the same job as their colleagues for 8 to 10 times fewer wages. Globalization processes have affected all world societies, not only society Western Europe and the US but also the rest of the world.
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is there a coincidence that the global fires of siberia have covered the entire northern hemisphere with smoke .... global fires in australia - the southern hemisphere. - and it is in this year that a global outbreak of lung infections occurs?
I suggest the same way for other respiratory infections and COVID-19 too ...
one new brick in the wall
Wildfire Smoke May Raise COVID-19 Risk, Study Says
Kiser, D., Elhanan, G., Metcalf, W.J. et al. SARS-CoV-2 test positivity rate in Reno, Nevada: association with PM2.5 during the 2020 wildfire smoke events in the western United States. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41370-021-00366-w
"We found that a 10 µg/m3 increase in the 7-day average PM2.5 concentration was associated with a 6.3% relative increase in the SARS-CoV-2 test positivity rate, with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of 2.5 to 10.3%. This corresponded to an estimated 17.7% (CI: 14.4–20.1%) increase in the number of cases during the time period most affected by wildfire smoke, from 16 Aug to 10 Oct.Significance Wildfire smoke may have greatly increased the number of COVID-19 cases in Reno. Thus, our results substantiate the role of air pollution in exacerbating the pandemic and can help guide the development of public preparedness policies in areas affected by wildfire smoke, as wildfires are likely to coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic in 2021.
Introduction"
3 Meo SA, Abukhalaf AA, Alomar AA, Alessa OM. Wildfire and COVID-19 pandemic: effect of environmental pollution PM-2.5 and carbon monoxide on the dynamics of daily cases and deaths due to SARS-COV-2 infection in San-Francisco USA. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2020 Oct;24(19):10286-10292. doi: 10.26355/eurrev_202010_23253. PMID: 33090440.
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No. Effects would be local to sub-regional. Besides, if you are looking for global effects you have to remind that 85% of the area burned in the world comes from tropical grasslands and woodlands. Fire crisis elsewhere like in Australia and Siberia won't change that.
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Global temperature has been increasing , and many people consider it as a major threat to life on the Earth. This has long been described as 'global warming'. Arguments are emerging to call 'global heating'. Which one is technically correct to describe the rising in temperatures due to climate change? Global warming or global heating?
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Global warming is a softer term of the two. But heating means deliberate effort to raise temperature but warming can be deliberate or not. So heating is more harsh.
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Dear researchers,
i am a young journalist, currently studying at Universidad Carlos 3 de Madrid. I have already started to view different papers on this, but in order to get a better overview on the topic of the influence of Covid-19 on the economical situation of the world, I am searching for some short personal statements of researchers.
If you have been or are currently resarching in this field, it would be a great help if you could shortly answer the following questions:
1) Which countries have or can benefit economically from the Corona crisis?
2) Which countries have had the biggest negative economical effects because of the Corona crisis?
3) How will the Corona crisis effect the global economical situation in a long term?
Thank you very much. Your help is greatly appreciated.
Zoe Bunje
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Could you please explain it in simple words in terms of trade competitiveness pressure, multinationalization of production and integration of financial markets. Also, exchange rates of state's currency.
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Globalization has been around for some time and has a strong impact on the economy
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I am planning to update International Business course which will incorporate contemporary topics like
> Business strategy which incorporates Climate Change/ Green Economy,
> Digitalisation of economy,
> Raise of Automation and its impact on HRM, global production, marketing and supply chain management,
>Modern challenges of Free market economy & market integration. Some of these challenges include, but not limited to the Global Pandemic, raise of the populist movement
> US-China trade tensions and strategic challenges of international business
I find most of the textbooks of international business cover traditional topics. On top of it in the last 3-5 yrs dynamics of international business is changing rapidly.
Your recommendations/suggestions are highly welcome. Thanks
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The Oxford Handbook of International Business Strategy, edited by K. Mellahi, K. Meyer, R. Narula, I. Surdu, and A. Verbeke, has just been published. It provides an excellent and broad overview of the field, and should be useful when revising a course.
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I am seeking the best current methods and datasets (highest possible resolution) for defining and assessing global land degradation - ideally with a time series. I know there are different ways of exploring this e.g. biomass, productivity, land use/cover etc., but I would appreciate any thoughts on current modelling, datasets/resources and novel approaches.
I am also interested in the best methods for quantitatively mapping/modelling land restoration (biophysical) on a global scale, and if possible, historic land reconstruction.
Thanks!
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Hi Jake,
It is a daunting task and not very easy to answer. We have been struggling with it for a while now. From our experiences it comes back to two basic challenges. The first one is how you define land degradation (see our recent publication below), but of course also to obtain the proper datasets. In our research we are focusing on creating a time series of a range of soil properties. We are currently aiming to at a time series of soil conditions for the UN statistics division in the context of their national accounting.
Cheers Jetse
Sterk, G., Stoorvogel, J.J., 2020. Desertification–Scientific Versus Political Realities. Land 2020, 9, 156; doi:10.3390/land9060156.
Stoorvogel, J.J., Bakkenes, M., ten Brink, B.J.E., and Temme, A.J.A.M., 2017. To what extent did we change our soils? A global comparison of natural and current conditions.. Land Degrad. Develop., doi: 10.1002/ldr.2721.
Stoorvogel, J. J., Bakkenes, M., Temme, A.J.A.M., Batjes, N.H., and ten Brink, B.J.E., 2017. S-World: A Global Soil Map for Environmental Modelling. Land Degrad. Develop., 28: 22–33. doi: 10.1002/ldr.2656.
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Given the Meijer paper "A New Premise for Quantum Physics, Consciousness and Fabric of Reality," I am developing an OpEMCSS systems science simulation model. The system is a network of concurrent processes that synchronize after each "blink" to create simultaneity and entanglement throughout the Information and Material universe. The prior "blink" each process determines the current local quantum state. Next, the non local rules defining implicate order are applied to determine the best fitting future quantum state. These rules are global to the entire system (the laws of physics are the same everywhere). The subsequent "blink" occurs after all concurrent processes are synchronized to create space time. The model begins at the "big bang" where all is in chaos. We can assume a goal is minimize entropy. Therefore, many quantum states must be eliminated. What is the criteria to select good/bad states. Is entropy to be minimized globally rather than for local processes? Where basic rules at the beginning to guide rule learning? Further, stimulus/response rules can be organized into a rule network using what I call concept rules. Concept rules form a hierarchy that greatly speeds up decision making, looking like a neural network or brain.
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Following
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Global supply and demand chain of finance and capital got severely disrupted due to the widespread attack of novel corona virus. can we consider that the global economy is heading towards a 'liquidity trap' situation? During this lockdown situation of almost all the countries of the world, would the global services and finance trade will fill the vacuum of world merchandise trade?
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Dear Shaijumon C S,
When the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic appeared in March 2020, the situation on the financial markets changed significantly, there was a panic sale of shares on stock exchanges, and investment risk increased significantly. In terms of international financial markets, as in previous economic and financial crises, speculative capital was withdrawn from the emerging markets of smaller economies. Banks and investment funds operating internationally were changing the structure of their investment portfolios in foreign financial markets. In addition, international delivery logistics has changed. The changes mainly concerned shortening international supply logistics chains and increasing the scale of domestic production of components and semi-finished products necessary for the implementation of the production processes of final products. In this way, the scale of international capital flows has decreased.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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