Science topic

Global Warming - Science topic

Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.
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Publications related to Global Warming (10,000)
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Research Proposal
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Resource scarcity, pollution, and global warming are all likely to become increasingly tangible, potentially distorting the world as we know it, including cities and what nourishes them. Supply shortages, extreme weather, new health emergencies, and geopolitical tensions cannot be left waiting, and simply labelled as black swan events. Discourses o...
Article
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The traditional linear economy (LE) approach based on a “take-make-dispose” plan that has been used in building activities over a long period has a significant impact on the environment. In the LE approach, the used materials are usually sent to landfills rather than recycled, resulting in resource depletion and excessive carbon emissions. A circul...
Cover Page
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Dear Colleagues, Today, the world warmly embraces new ideas and ambitious efforts for devising and implementing efficient, low-carbon, and low-cost technologies for our everyday life. Renewable energy sources are increasingly gaining attention for being zero/low carbon and being replenished easily. However, many endeavors still need to be undertak...
Article
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Heat stress (HS) is an important environmental stress factor affecting poultry production on a global scale. With the rise in ambient temperature and increasing effects of global warming, it becomes pertinent to understand the effects of HS on poultry production and the strategies that can be adopted to mitigate its detrimental impacts on the perfo...
Article
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Background The rising temperature of the oceans has been identified as the primary driver of mass coral reef declines via coral bleaching (expulsion of photosynthetic endosymbionts). Marine protected areas (MPAs) have been implemented throughout the oceans with the aim of mitigating the impact of local stressors, enhancing fish biomass, and sustain...
Preprint
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The world's energy consumption shows an increasing trend. Unfortunately, it is still dominated by the use of fossil energy. This condition results in concerns that an energy crisis will occur due to running out of non-renewable energy and an environmental crisis of global warming. One of the technology sectors that consumes a lot of energy is compu...
Article
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Land and forest fire have been identified as one of the main problems contributing to forest biodiversity and Global Warming and well known as the phenomenon affected by El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD). The total burned area becomes higher when either El Niño or positive IOD occur. This research aims to analyze and...
Article
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The exact occurrence frequency of noctilucent clouds (NLCs) in middle latitudes is significant information because it is thought to be sensitive to long-term atmospheric change. We conducted NLC observation from airline jets in the Northern Hemisphere during the summer 2019 to evaluate the effectiveness of NLC observation from airborne platforms. B...
Article
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The early Eocene greenhouse Earth experienced several transient global warming events, indicated by sharp negative excursions in the stable isotope ratios of carbon and oxygen. A huge amount of CO 2 , enriched with ¹² C, was released in the ocean–atmosphere system leading to warming. The Paleocene–Eocene boundary is demarcated by the most significa...
Article
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Concrete is the universally accepted building material for all types of construction and is the most commonly used material after water. The developments in concrete has led to the evolution of many types of concretes like geo-polymer concrete, self-compacting concrete, fibre reinforced concrete. Self-compacting concrete is a special type of concre...
Article
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Carbon sequestration in unmineable coal seams has been proposed as one of the most attractive technologies to mitigate carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions in which CO 2 is stored in the microporous structure of the coal matrix in an adsorbed state. The CO 2 adsorption process is hence considered one of the more effective methodologies in environmental...
Article
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Background Heat tolerance is a trait of economic importance in the context of warm climates and the effects of global warming on livestock production, reproduction, health, and well-being. This study investigated the improvement in prediction accuracy for heat tolerance when selected sets of sequence variants from a large genome-wide association st...
Article
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The environmental problems of global warming and fossil fuel depletion are increasingly severe, and the demand for energy conversion and storage is increasing. Ecological issues such as global warming and fossil fuel depletion are increasingly stringent, increasing energy conversion and storage needs. The rapid development of clean energy, such as...
Article
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Freshwater ecosystems are important contributors to the global greenhouse gas budget and a comprehensive assessment of their role in the context of global warming is essential. Despite many reports on freshwater ecosystems, relatively little attention has been given so far to those located in the southern hemisphere and our current knowledge is par...
Article
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Despite the rapid implementation of renewable energy, electrification and increased efficiency, there’s no way to limit global warming to a few degrees within the necessary timeframe, without capturing a large amount of carbon. With a circular economy approach and deployment of CCUS, we can reframe our views about the carbon, not as a useless bypro...
Article
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A great significance is attached to the Organic Rankine Cycles (ORCs) as heat recovery technologies and power generation from the low-temperature heat sources. These systems have been utilized in diverse applications since their first emergence in 1883. Working fluid (WF) selection exerts enormous influence over the performance of these cycles. A l...
Article
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Hydrofluorocarbon refrigerants will be phased out of domestic refrigeration shortly, by the Montréal and Kyoto Protocols, due to their high global warming potential (GWP), making them environmentally unfriendly. This study looked into the possibility of using graphene-nanolubricant in a domestic refrigerator system to improve liquefied petroleum ga...
Research
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Providing reliable, safe, and affordable energy to support human activities is a significant challenge now and in the future. With the growing global population and increase industrialization in developing nations, need for energy of humanity has reached record levels. Significant amount of energy comes from fossil fuels to drive our cars, fuel our...
Article
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The comprehensive knowledge of the ecological fragility of a region is quintessential for evolving strategies for the conservation of the area. This entails identifying factors responsible for ecological sensitiveness, including landscape dynamics, future transitions to mitigate the problems of haphazard and uncontrolled development approaches. The...
Article
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The increased demands and dependence on depleted oil reserves, accompanied by global warming and climate change have driven the world to explore and develop new strategies for global sustainable development. Among sustainable biomass sources, microalgae represent a promising alternative to fossil fuel and can contribute to the achievement of import...
Article
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Nutrient recovery from anaerobic digestion systems provides several side streams that are useful as biobased fertilisers (BBFs). A microcosm approach was employed to assess the short-term greenhouse gas emissions from a sandy-loam soil enriched with 18 BBFs in comparison with mineral fertilisers (urea and calcium ammonium nitrate). In total, 20 dif...
Article
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Pig production system has significant impacts on global climate and environment; the greenhouse gas (GHG) annual emission from China's pig production system accounts for more than 4% of which from world's animal husbandry. This study applied DEA and LCA methods with statistics of China's pig production, compared the environmental impact in each sta...
Article
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A comprehensive techno-economic evaluation is evaluated based on an innovative compound ejector-heat pump system with PV/T (photovoltaic thermal) waste heat-driven. The aim of the system is simultaneous data centre cooling and waste heat recovery for district heating to reduce residential greenhouse gas emissions. The new system avoids the ejector...
Article
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Global surface temperature has been setting new record highs in the recent decades, imposing increasing environmental challenges for societies and ecosystems worldwide. Global warming rates of the 20th century have been documented by a number of studies, nevertheless, the warming rates in the most recent decades in the 21st century are of particula...
Article
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With the growth of multinational companies, increasing international and domestic competition between companies, upgrading information technology, and increasing customer expectations, accurate supply chain (SC) planning is essential. In such an environment, pollution has become more severe in recent decades, and with the weakening of the environme...
Article
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Extreme climate events can cause large risks to ecosystems and human society in a short period. Investigating the changing trends of such events is essential for regional climate risk management. However, there is limited information on the regional assessment of the history and future trends of extreme climate events in Xinjiang, China. This study...
Article
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Isobaric heat capacity is one of the key thermophysical properties for working fluids in thermal systems and plays an important role in the development of equation of state. Due to the lack of experimental data for promising hydrofluoroolefins (HFOs), we carried out theoretical predictions for condensed liquid phase with three different methods: tr...
Article
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Climate change stressors (e.g., warming and ocean acidification) are an imminent challenge to the physiological performance of marine organisms. Several studies spanning the last decade have reported widespread effects of warming and acidification on marine fishes, especially teleosts, but more work is needed to elucidate the responses in marine el...
Article
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The processes that determine the seasonality of precipitation in the Congo Basin are examined using the atmospheric column moisture budget. Studying the fundamental determinants of Congo Basin precipitation seasonality supports process-based studies of variations on all time scales, including those associated with greenhouse gas-induced global warm...
Article
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Increasing frequency and intensity of heatwaves (HWs) in a warming climate exert catastrophic impacts on human society and natural environment. However, spatiotemporal variations of HW and their driving factors still remain obscure, especially for HW changes over Eurasia, the region with the largest population of the world. Here we provide a system...
Article
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The cross-shelf exchange between the Yellow and East China Seas (YECS) with the Kuroshio is important for vorticity, freshwater, and effluence balances of the regional and global oceans, the responses of which to future climate changes are estimated based on Max-Planck coupled model simulations under one historical (20C, 1970–2005) and two represen...
Article
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As a combination of temperature and humidity, wet-bulb temperature (WBT) is useful for assessing heat stress and its societal and economic impacts. However, spatial and temporal behaviors of summer WBT in China remain poorly understood. In this study, we investigate the dominant spatiotemporal modes of summer (June–July–August) WBT in the mainland...
Article
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Energy generation affects directly global warming. As buildings consume a large portion of the total generated energy, it is crucial to keep the energy consumption of this sector as less as possible. Poor insulation is the main source of energy losses from buildings envelopes. Although many countries have their rules now to control buildings insula...
Article
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Under global warming, according to results obtained from offline drought indices driven by projections of general circulation models (GCMs), future droughts in China will worsen but the results are not consistent. We analyzed changes in droughts covering the entire hydrologic cycle using outputs of GCMs of the 6th Coupled Model Intercomparison Proj...
Article
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Environmental deterioration and global warming has created a substantial impact on international companies to incorporate eco-friendly, green supply chain practices and remain competitive in the market. In food supply chain, the selection of the best supply chain management (SCM) strategy can improve the overall performance and can be crucial in ma...
Article
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Access to data is seen as a key priority today. Yet, the vast majority of digital cultural data preserved in archives is inaccessible due to privacy, copyright or technical issues. Emails and other born-digital collections are often uncatalogued, unfindable and unusable. In the case of documents that originated in paper format before being digitise...
Article
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The impacts of global warming on Meiyu–Baiu extreme rainfall and the associated mid-latitude synoptic-scale weather systems over the Eastern China (EC) and the Baiu rainband (Bu) regions in East Asia have been examined, based on simulations from the 20-km Meteorological Research Institute atmospheric general circulation model (MRI-AGCM3.2S). This m...
Article
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CH4 and CO2 are the main greenhouse effect contributors that cause global warming and undesirable climate change. Simultaneously converting CH4 and CO2 into value-added syngas via dry reforming (DRM) is an attractive route but highly active catalyst is demanded. A novel Ni-Pt/MgO-Al2O3 aerogel was developed via a sol-gel combined with supercritical...
Article
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Mangroves are expanding poleward in North and South America, but it is unclear whether such ecotonal-shift is an Industrial-Era phenomenon, or a recurring occurrence tied to Holocene climate variability. Our multi-proxy and remote sensing data from the U.S. Gulf Coast and southeastern Brazil suggest that the Industrial Era is the first time through...
Article
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Environmental degradation, which became evident after the Industrial Revolution, is one of the most important problems to be solved in the twenty-first century. The need for energy in the production process has caused the rapid use of carbon stores, and global warming has been experienced with the increase in carbon emissions. Due to the fact that...
Article
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The fluctuation in the river ecosystem network due to climate change-induced global warming affects aquatic organisms, water quality, and other ecological processes. Assessment of climate change-induced global warming impacts on regional hydrological processes is vital for effective water resource management and planning. The global warming efect o...
Poster
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The middle Eocene witnessed several episodes of rapid warming events, leading to changes in the sedimentary facies and significant microfossil turnovers in the SW Neo-Tethys. These changes culminated during the Middle Eocene Climatic Optimum (MECO), an episode of global warming that led to the widespread deposition of nummulitic limestone of the Re...
Conference Paper
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The lower Paleogene sedimentary record of the uraniferous Chu-Sarysu Basin preserves a complex succession of coarse fluvial channel-belt deposits interstratified with finer floodplain and delta-plain strata that were deposited on a large subtropical coastal plain at the eastern margin of the Turan Platform. Two laterally extensive, ~25 m-thick sand...
Article
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Plain Language Summary Confidence in the regional features of climate change projections is a prized commodity for climate adaptation and mitigation. This study strives to decipher the pattern of the forced climate response using a dynamical mode‐based framework such that certain confidence may be established for regional climate projections. The d...
Article
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Termination II (T‐II) is a natural reference for evaluating the potential effect of substantial ice sheets melting on monsoon and temperature changes caused by global warming. However, the phase relationship of East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) and temperature during T‐II remains enigmatic due to the lack of paleotemperature proxies. Here, we provid...
Article
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Plain Language Summary Convective storm systems that extend over several hundred kilometers are frequently observed and contribute to a majority of the warm season rainfall over the US Great Plains. It is a major challenge for climate models to simulate these storms because the processes governing their initiation and evolution are not well resolve...
Article
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Recent soil moisture (SM) reconstructions revealed plunging trends and enhanced SM-temperature couplings over the last two decades in dry regions. However, how SM changed and whether the land-atmosphere interaction was intensified over time in humid regions remained unknown. Here we reported the first six-century-long regional summer SM reconstruct...
Article
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Plain Language Summary The South Asian monsoon affects the life of more than one billion people. In the past, summer monsoon seasons (June–September) with very intense rainfall have been associated with widespread floods and an increased number of landslides. Here, we set the focus on the question how the probability of these very wet monsoon seaso...
Article
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In the face of global warming, reducing carbon dioxide emissions has become a common concern. Integrated energy system (IES) is considered to be a supporting technology to increase the proportion of clean energy use and achieve goals of carbon emission reduction and carbon neutrality. By introducing carbon neutral costs and demand response into sch...
Article
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Temperature overshoot pathways entail exceeding a specified global warming level (e.g. 1.5°C or 2°C) followed by a decline in warming, achieved through anthropogenically enhanced CO 2 removal from the atmosphere. However, risks to biodiversity from temperature overshoot pathways are poorly described. Here, we explore biodiversity risks from oversho...
Preprint
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Climate conditions influence cardiac health in diverse animals. Extreme heat events are now more frequent in many parts of the world due to climate change, increasing cardiovascular risks in certain wild animals. Here, we found that male and female pale-throated sloths (Bradypus tridactylus) show differential responses to ambient temperature in ter...
Article
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Energy generation using dielectric elastomers (DE) has received a great deal of attention due to their light weight, low cost, and high efficiency. This method is an environmentally friendly system that generates electricity without emitting carbon dioxide and without using rare earths, and can contribute to the reduction of global warming. However...
Article
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Accurate estimates of the carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) fluxes at the earth’s surface are imperative for comprehending the carbon cycle mechanisms and providing reliable global warming predictions. Furthermore, they can also provide valuable science-based information that will be helpful in reducing human-induced CO 2 emissions. Inverse analysis is a prom...
Article
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Latest climate models project conditions for the end of this century that are generally outside of the human experience. These future conditions affect the resilience and sustainability of ecosystems, alter biogeographic zones, and impact biodiversity. Deep-time records of paleoclimate provide insight into the climate system over millions of years...
Article
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India is extremely liable to floods and out of the overall region of 329 mha, over 40 mha is flood prone. Floods are recurrent phenomenon, which cause huge loss of lives and damage to livelihood system, loss of domestic animals, property, infrastructure and public utilities. It is a cause for great concern that the increasing trends are noticed to...
Article
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Aquaponics, a combination of aquaculture and hydroponics, is a potential solution for the consequences of global warming and eventual food meagreness. Aquaponics is known to be an efficient method to deal with the wastewater problem associated with aquaculture and nutrient management issues in the hydroponic discipline. However, optimizing the proc...
Article
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The frequent occurrence of drought events in recent years has caused significant changes in plant biodiversity. Understanding vegetation dynamics and their responses to climate change is of great significance to reveal the behaviour mechanism of terrestrial ecosystems. In this study, NDVI and SIF were used to evaluate the dynamic changes of vegetat...
Article
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In recent decades, the warming in the Arctic has been much faster than in the rest of the world, a phenomenon known as Arctic amplification. Numerous studies report that the Arctic is warming either twice, more than twice, or even three times as fast as the globe on average. Here we show, by using several observational datasets which cover the Arct...