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Global Analysis - Science topic

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Questions related to Global Analysis
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Hi frds,
almost all problems we face are international/global, intertwined, and complex (climate change, financial markets, economic systems, geopolitics, global trade, food systems, global wealth creation, pandemics, refugees, etc.), where effects are intergenerational and full of moral hazard.
Would love to learn what percentage share of a population thinks globally and holistic in the following regions:
-USA
-Continental Europe
-UK
-Japan
-Singapore
-Scandinavia
If possible a breakdown of the generations would be fantastic. Especially Gen Z.
Appreciate research.
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Hi,
I am from Malaysia and interested to work with you on this project. Feel free to contact me or via email: kahchoon.15@gmail.com
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What was the pandemic and post-pandemic impact of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic on globalisation processes?
Increase in the scale of international scientific cooperation on SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus research and analysis of Covid-19 disease development; use of analogous anti-pandemic security instruments; disrupted chains of international supply and supply logistics; analogous changes in trends in financial markets, including raw materials markets, other types of production factors and stock exchanges; increase in the scale of digitisation of remote communication and business processes; increase in the scale of digitisation of public offices and institutions; increase in the scale of e-commerce, e-banking, e-payments carried out via the Internet, e-logistics, remote working, e-learning, e-government, development of online and mobile banking; negative social and economic impacts; a decrease in demand for energy and other raw materials in 2020 and an increase in demand for raw materials from 2021 onwards; a decrease in economic activity in the service sectors affected by the lockdowns; the analogous use of soft monetary and fiscal policy instruments; the emergence of inflationary pressures; an increase in inflation; the emergence of opportunities to accelerate the processes of pro-climate transformation of the energy sector, but these opportunities have been used to varying degrees in different countries, resulting in different levels of energy and environmental security in different countries, etc. These are just some of the effects of the pandemic and post-pandemic impact of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus on globalisation processes. I am conducting research on this issue. I have described the results of my research and key aspects of this problematic in an article which, when published, I posted on my profile of this Research Gate portal:
If you are conducting research in this area, or have a research interest in this area, I invite you to join me in a research collaboration.
Encouraging joint discussion on this issue, I address the following question to the esteemed community of researchers and scientists:
What was the pandemic and post-pandemic impact of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic on globalisation processes?
What do you think?
What is your opinion on the subject?
Please respond,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Global logistics is being reorganized by more resilient models of supply chain management. Increased online education programs offer the possibility to study with famous global institutions from home, with limited physical residency. Tourism and travel have seen a clear reduction, in global numbers. Information and communication technology are now used to think in alternative models of globalization, e.g. glocalization.
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The Dialectics of Modernity-
Recognizing Globalization
————-—
Globalisation has made us more vulnerable. It creates a world without borders, and makes us painfully aware of the limitations of our present instruments, and of politics, to meet its challenges.
Anna Lindh
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In which direction will the current crises, i.e. the post-pandemic economic crisis triggered by high inflation, the energy crisis, the developing food crisis in some countries and the developing global climate crisis in the long term, change the globalisation processes in the 21st century?
Both the global financial crisis of 2007-2009 and the lockdown and quarantine crisis of 2020 caused by the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic, the disrupted international supply and supply logistics chains and the supply problems of semiconductor-based microprocessors have seriously impeded the development of economic globalisation processes.
In addition, the currently developing crises (energy, food, climate) are also likely to modify globalisation processes in certain ways.
In view of the above, I address the following research question to the esteemed community of researchers and scientists:
In what direction will the current crises, i.e. the post-pandemic economic crisis caused by high inflation, the energy crisis, the developing food crisis in some countries and the developing global climate crisis in the long term, change the processes of globalisation in the 21st century?
How will globalisation change under the impact of the crises currently taking place?
What is your opinion on this subject?
Please reply,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Very apt question.
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The SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic has, in some respects, through interrupted chains of international supply and supply logistics, reduced the scale of economic globalisation processes. On the other hand, the need for the development of remote Internet communication has increased due to the introduction of home quarantine periods and lockdowns imposed on selected sectors of the economy in 2020. Consequently, the scale of internetisation and digitalisation of various aspects of business conducted by companies and enterprises has increased. As a result of the growth of the Internet, the importance of information globalisation has increased in terms of remote Internet-based communication. In a multi-year perspective, the importance of environmental and pro-climate globalisation may increase in the future. In view of the above, how else will globalisation processes change in this decade of the 21st century? Will the current energy crisis, the unfolding food crisis, the migration crisis
What is your opinion on this?
What is your opinion on this topic?
Please reply,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Over the past decades, a number of sources of globalization have emerged. One of them is technological progress, which has led to a sharp reduction in transport and communication costs, a significant reduction the costs of processing, storing and using information.
The second source of globalization is trade liberalization and other forms of economic liberalization that have curtailed protectionist policies and made world trade freer. As a result there were tariffs have been substantially reduced, and many other barriers to trade in goods and services have been removed. Other liberalization measures have led to an increase in the movement of capital and other factors of production.
The third source of globalization can be considered a significant expansion of the scope of organizations, which became possible both as a result of technological progress and wider horizons of management on basis of new means of communication. Thus, many companies that previously focused only on local markets have expanded their production and marketing capabilities, reaching the national, multinational, international and even global level.
Globalization brings not only benefits, it is fraught with negative consequences or potential problems, which some of its critics see as a great danger.
One of the main problems is related to the question: who benefits from globalization? In fact, most of the benefits are rich countries or individuals. The unfair distribution of the benefits of globalization gives rise to the threat of conflicts at the regional, national and international levels.
The second problem is related to potential regional or global instability due to the interdependence of national economies at the global level. Local economic fluctuations or crises in one country may have regional or even global implications.
The third set of problems posed by globalization is caused by the fear that control over the economies of individual countries may shift from sovereign governments to other hands, including the most powerful states, multinational or global corporations and international organizations.
Because of this, some see globalization as an attempt to undermine national sovereignty. For this reason, globalization can make national leaders feel helpless before its forces, and the electorate - antipathy towards her. Such sentiments can easily turn into extreme nationalism and xenophobia with calls for protectionism, lead to the growth of extremist political movements, which is potentially fraught with serious conflicts.
The problem generated by globalization - the infringement of national sovereignty and the independence of political leaders - can also be largely resolved on the basis of international cooperation, for example, by a clear delineation of the powers of the parties, i.e. national governments and their leaders, on the one hand, and international organizations and multinational or global corporations, on the other. The very involvement of political leaders in building the necessary institutions to deal with these and other globalization-related issues will help them regain the sense that they are in control of their future and in control of their positions in the world.
Globalized world. In the meantime, unfortunately, the world is moving in the opposite direction, along the path of political and military dictate of a strong
weak, that in the context of globalization of all aspects of the life of the world community, it is fraught with a global confrontation.
The current crisis of the Western economy is not a recession because it is not cyclical and is not limited to 12-16 months. What is happening in the US and Europe today is a structural crisis, a process that began in the fourth quarter of 2021 and will continue for at least five years without interruption. However, the West does not understand the causes and essence of the crisis, because they do not have theories describing it. That is why, according to the economist, the American and European authorities are doing stupid things instead of effective measures to resolve problems.
It was impossible to avoid this crisis, because they went too far. They have expanded private consumption so much that they can no longer keep it. You need to name the main number. There is an indicator in the United States that they do not disclose in public discussion: this is the level of price growth for all industrial goods, not only for final goods entering the wholesale trade, but in general for everything, from raw materials to the final product. For the first time, the rise in prices for manufactured goods exceeded the level of the late 1970s. The previous peak was at the end of 1947. There are 23 with something percent.
The entire system of socio-political management in the West, both in the USA and in Europe, is built through representatives of the middle class, qualified consumers. Today this instrument is being destroyed. Instead of the middle class, new poor people appear, who have a middle-class attitude, but they have no money.
The sanctions pressure on Russia has exacerbated the economic problems of the West. European financiers note that EU politicians are afraid to take responsibility for decisions taken under the slogans of transatlantic solidarity and assistance to Ukraine.
In fact, this whole situation with global confrontation and the breakdown of the dollar system is disastrous for the United States not by economic factors, but by intellectual ones. Roughly speaking, Washington will undoubtedly lose to Moscow only because the US does not even have a concept of a plan to solve the colossal economic problems and save the dollar system.
Intellectual life in the US and Russia goes in opposite directions. The US has nothing left for a long time. There, no one can imagine even a weak positive scenario. The complete absence of any thought, not to mention the concept.
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Why is biological diversity not used to indicate the stability and sustainability of communities and ecosystems?
Research on the structure of communities, whether natural or used by humans, is not described using ecological indicators such as diversity that can be integrated into a local and global analysis of the stability and structure of these communities.
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Not so easy. I suppose that was your cognitive element. Besides, your affective element is happy to be human: A the 20000 year old predator.
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Global warming?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Global warming.
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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The cost and benefits of global warming will vary greatly from area to area. For moderate climate change, the balance can be difficult to assess. But the larger the change in climate, the more negative the consequences will become. Global warming will probably make life harder, not easier, for most people. This is mainly because we have already built enormous infrastructure based on the climate we now have.
Climate Q&A - Why is global warming a problem? (nasa.gov)
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Hello everyone,
Could you recommend an alternative to IDC please to get records from the global datasphere for free?
Thank you for your attention and valuable support.
Regards,
Cecilia-Irene Loeza-Mejía
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Except for some early protectionist behaviour by some countries and the consumer panic buying in the early days of the pandemic, global food supply chains have demonstrated remarkable resilience during this whole time. Currently, there are no global food shortages. In fact, the prices did fall slightly at one point. During the 2007-08 economic crisis, however, food prices were severely disrupted. Please share your thoughts on how this occurred and whether global food supply chains have become more sophisticated. Also, what are the implications for "local foods" in the pandemic?
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Also check..
Development of the Organic Food Market in Romania during the...
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Due to the progressing global warming process, the issue of necessary ecological reforms should be one of the most important issues shaping the processes of globalization in the 21st century.
Will ecology become one of the key aspects of globalization in the 21st century?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Garry King,
Yes you are right. I also believe that the growing risk of a global climate crisis at the end of the 21st century, the progressing global warming process and the need to urgently carry out a pro-environmental transformation of the global economy are becoming one of the important factors of globalization in the current 21st century. Yes, the key issue is whether this growing pro-environmental awareness of citizens will translate into appropriate decisions made by political leaders and decision makers. Unfortunately, the last UN Climate Summit COP26, which took place in the first half of November 2021 in Glasgow, Scotland, indicates that, unfortunately, the decisions taken and real actions in this matter are insufficient.
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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I have been trying to build a target analysis model using Glotaran software to analyze transient absorption traces. If the model is parallel or sequential, global analysis would be sufficient to analyze the results, however, if both parallel and sequential steps are required within the same model then target analysis is what should be used and it can be constructed using what is termed as KMatrix.
My problem is that I couldnt find any good documentation or examples on constructing the Target analysis model or the KMatrix, even it is not well documented in their paper (RG link is attached)
I would appreciate any help or explanation on how to build the KMatrix for target analysis
Thanks in advance
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Not sure if you've resolved this by now, but for anyone interested I can try to explain what I know. It gets a little confusing because the matrix labels are numeric - so let's instead think of the rows and columns as species A, B, and C. The numbers you populate the matrix with are ordinal - effectively saying 'refer to the k value (/reciprocal of the time constant) in position 1 (or 2, or 3, etc.) below'.
In the matrix shown below, then, it is saying that Species A (col 1) is turning into Species C (row 3) with a k value of 1. Also Species B (col 2) is turning into Species C (row 3) with a k value of 1 as well. If you give a k value for the same Species (e.g. col 1, row 1) then that value is associated with the species decaying.
So for example, based on the first column, one aspect of my model is that Species A either decays (k value = 0.003) or turns into Species C (k value = 1).
The other thing you would need as a minimum amount of information for the k matrix (I think) is the J-vector (middle right), which is referring to the initial occupancy after the IRF. So in this example, Species A and B are populated by the laser pulse, but not C. (I think it may have been more correct to use 0.5 and 0.5, i.e. start by assuming the laser is equally occupying A and B.)
Hope that helps! Let me know if something wasn't clear or if you have any questions.
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In June 2019, Facebook announced plans to create its global stablecoin tied to fiat currencies (like USD or EUR). The stablecoin was initially named Libra, later changed to Diem. This stablecoin aims to facilitate global real-time transactions. Given Facebook’s nearly 3 billion users, stablecoin could have a very broad application and play an important role in global payment systems. Diem still lacks regulatory approval. What about the pros and cons for the global society? Does the project raise concerns for the global public, since Facebook, already collecting personal data on a large part of the world’s population, will additionally record individuals’ financial data?
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Dear Konrad,
In my opinion, the main goal of creating an alternative currency, cryptocurrency, Libra stablecoin, which was later changed to Diem, was to facilitate micro-payments and settlement transactions, payments for products and services sold through sales platforms set up on Facebook. This is a kind of threat to the development of traditional internet and mobile banking. Internet technology companies, including companies running online social media portals, are trying to develop towards fintechs in order to bypass traditional banking systems and thus reduce financial operations, payment transactions and settlements made through their own websites. On the other hand, Internet banks are also heading towards fintechs by expanding the range of advisory and auxiliary services available on Internet banking websites, targeted at institutional clients, mainly enterprises from the SME sector. In this way, synergy and competition in the field of micro-payments and internet billing may increase in the future.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Does the globalization of financial markets increase the scope of potential systemic credit risk in the sphere of financial systems, including banking systems with particular focus on investment banking?
In the context of the development of international capital markets, the development of stock exchanges, increasingly globalized and related, the importance of globalization of financial markets, including capital markets and stock exchanges, is increasing.
On these capital markets, there are also increasingly large, internationally operating investment banks and investment funds, whose profits generate increasingly from speculative transactions of securities issued by companies and the public sector, including also Treasury bonds of other countries.
In addition, currency markets are growing, on which speculatively operating internecional banks and hedge investment and investment funds also speculatively. Before the emergence of the global financial crisis in 2008, it was mainly investment banking that approved the excessive levels of credit risk and speculative, too high, overvalued valuations of securities on stock exchanges.
The recent global financial crisis that appeared in autumn 2008 was an example of the increase in potential systemic credit risk in many countries in which the governments of these countries through the issue of government bonds and their sale to foreign investors led to a significant increase in the risk of a liquidity crisis in the state finances and in many smaller economies, they generated major crises in the debt of state finances.
Do you agree with my opinion?
Therefore, I am asking you the following questions:
- What impact does economic globalization have on the potential increase in systemic credit risk on a supranational scale?
- Does the globalization of financial markets and the development of growing global banks and investment funds increase the level of potential systemic credit risk, increase the risk of destablization on many capital markets and thus increases the likelihood of generating another global financial crisis?
- Does the globalization of financial markets increase the scope of potential systemic credit risk in the sphere of financial systems, including banking systems with particular focus on investment banking?
Please reply
I have described these issues in recently published publications:
I invite you to discussion and scientific cooperation
Best wishes
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Sure economic globalization raflect on financial system by exchange of experts,workers,agriculture,industry ,.......all aspects of production and energy beside means of transport all these constitue a huge progress on production and consumption .All these different aspects complementry to each other which reflects positively on the financial system
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Currently, the UN climate summit in Katowice is taking place in Katowice. COP (Conference of the Parties) on climate policy on Earth. UN climate summits, i.e. COP (Conference of the Parties) are global conferences during which climate policy actions are negotiated. Poland twice hosted them - in 2008 in Poznań and in 2013 in Warsaw. In December 2018, the climate summit is held for the first time now in Katowice in Poland.
During this summit, conferences are held, discussions are held on the need to develop a sustainable development policy and the need for development of ecological, renewable energy sources in order to generate a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions in the future and ultimately reduce the average annual temperature rise on the Earth's surface. From the discussions it follows that it is necessary to develop eco-innovations, new pro-ecological energy sources, development of electromobility of transport means. It is necessary to develop and implement on a large scale renewable energy sources. In addition, it is important to increase the scale of afforestation, as forests and the flora contained in them absorb a large proportion of greenhouse gas emissions.
As part of this year's UN Climate Summit, the 24th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP24), 14th Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 14) and the Conference of the Paris Agreement signatories (CMA 1) are held. About 20,000 people from 190 countries participate in the event, including politicians, representatives of non-governmental organizations, and scientific and business spheres.
Perhaps during this UN climate summit important and specific agreements, declarations and signed agreements on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions will be taken. The present lectures show that in recent years the warming process of the Earth's climate has accelerated significantly and therefore, in the black scenario of future climate changes, the temperature on the Earth's surface can rise by 4 ° C to the end of the 21st century. If this happened, then the scale of climate-related cataclysms that are dangerous to humans, including droughts, floods, fires and weather anomalies in many places around the world, will increase many times. The problem is very serious globally and therefore a lot depends on whether international cooperation will develop in order to limit these problems and their negative effects.
In view of the above, I would like to ask you: Should you think that international cooperation should increase to reduce greenhouse gas emissions on Earth? In addition, another key question arises: how much of this international cooperation is possible, to what extent will real and effective measures be undertaken on the basis of the discussions and declarations undertaken to reduce greenhouse gases?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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Call for Book Chapter
Call for Book Chapters "Book Theme: Microbial Bio-remediation - Sustainable Management of Environmental Contamination"
· 📷Rouf Ahmad Bhat
· 📷Gowhar Hamid Dar
· 📷Monica BUTNARIU
Goal: We are pleased to inform you that we are in the process of editing our forthcoming publication entitled " Microbial Bioremediation - Sustainable Management of Environmental Contamination" to be published by Springer Nature. We would like to take this opportunity to cordially invite you to contribute a chapter on the given below tentative chapter titles or other topics relevant to the theme of the book. Section A: Overview of Environmental Pollution and Microbial Ecology 1. Credibility of Biosensors for Monitoring contamination in different Environments 2. Major groups of microorganisms employed in bioremediation 3. Microbes in Restoration of Ecology and Ecosystem Services Section B: Microbial Solutions for Environmental Management 4. Perspectives of Microbial Inoculation for Environmental Management 5. Microbial inoculums for Groundwater Decontamination 6. Plant-Associated Bacteria in Ecosystems Functioning and Sustainability 7. Microbial metabolisms: Application in environmental decontamination and Management 8. Microbial degradation of Emerging Environmental Contaminants (EECs) Section C: Microbial Degradation Technologies and Remediation 9. Microbial Biotechnology: Energy generation approach from the environmental waste 10. Environmental Microbial Genomics in Sustainable agri-ecosystems 11. Hydrocarbon and oil-spill bioremediation 12. Microbial enzymes and their importance in the environmental decontamination 13. Microbial biotechnology for the production of the biodegradable plastics polyhydroxyalkanoates 14. Genetically engineered microorganisms for bioremediation processes 15. Microbial degradation of industrial pollutants from different environments 16. Bioremediation of organic and metal-contaminated environments Submission Deadline: 30th November 2021
Publication charges: Nil
Contact Details
Editors Dr. Rouf Ahmad Bhat (rufi.bhat@gmail.com)) Prof. (Dr.) Monica Butnariu (monicabutnariu@yahoo.com) Dr. Gowhar Hamid Dar (dargowharhamid@gmail.com)
Prof (Dr.) Khalid Rehman Hakeem
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Do multinational corporations and financial institutions, including banks and investment funds, play a significant role in generating globalization processes?
In recent years, the importance of supranational large corporations and financial institutions, including banks and investment funds, has been growing.
These large industrial, service, commercial and financial corporations are a particularly important factor in contemporary globalization processes. If such large corporations operate cross-border, cross-border in many countries, including small economies, generate negative processes of globalization, then in these countries reverse and deglobalization processes may appear.
Deglobalization, ie the reverse process to globalization, is taking place most strongly in those economic regions in which globalization processes generate many negative aspects.
In view of the above, I would like to ask you: Do multinational corporations and financial institutions, including banks and investment funds, play a significant role in generating globalization processes?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Dear Mohammed Faez Hasan,
Yes, large corporations, enterprises, companies, financial institutions operating internationally and international trade are the key determinants of the development of economic globalization.
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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In my opinion, both unfavorable processes, ie the global warming and the depletion of the ozone layer in the atmosphere will increase in the future.
However, there is still some time to implement the necessary pro-ecological reforms to slow down these processes. It is estimated that there has been a decade of time to carry out the necessary pro-ecological investments, thanks to which it would be possible to implement sustainable pro-ecological development in the global economy.
Hedgehogs do not take these actions in the next decade, then these unfavorable climate processes will accelerate in the future and become permanently irreversible. Then, at the end of the twenty-first century, there will be a global climate cataclysm that will threaten the life of all humanity and a large part of other life forms that inhabit the planet Earth.
The problem is therefore serious and underestimated by politicians, entrepreneurs, industrialists and many other social groups. The problem of global warming and decreasing ozone layer in the atmosphere is too little publicized and the educated society is not educated enough.
In view of the above, the current question is: Are the biggest global problems of the future underestimated and ignored?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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I believe that the greatest global problems and crises of the 21st century are not ignored, that humanity is either preparing for these problems or trying to solve them, reducing their scale and probability of occurrence.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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In connection with the warming of the Earth's climate, progressive global warming, some areas located in the sub-tropical zone in the future will not be fit for existence, and the migration processes of the population will be intensified.
Do you agree with my opinion?
Please reply
Best wishes
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El calentamiento global es un fenómeno físico q puede ocurrir al deterioro de la capa de ozono. Los científicos y expertos buscaran una solución para conservar la vida en el planeta Tierra. Por ahora debemos protegernos de los rayos solares y el cuidado del medio ambiente.
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Please answer keeping in mind the future job market i.e. after the lockdown is over. Add your age, education level, and employment status as well please.
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Dear Mati Ullah,
Living with the COVID-19 pandemic for more than a year has changed the way we think of jobs. Freedom and personal control seem to be far more important, capturing attention that may have previously gone to money, rewards, or titles. I have found that since COVID-19 became a regular part of our lives, recruiters: care less about employment gaps, care more about cover letters and care more about interview thank-you notes.
job seekers may be taking themselves out of the running even before or right after the virtual interview because they’re ignoring the key factors to which recruiters are suddenly paying attention.
Regards
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Does economic globalization have a significant impact on the development of international financial systems and on the operation of supranational capital markets?
Is the globalization of information related to the growing share of the Internet in the global dissemination of information on the situation on financial markets also related to economic globalization?
What is your opinion on this issue?
Please reply
Thank you very much
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
The issues of globalization of financial and banking systems are described in the publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Financial flows would tend to suggest that the degree of internationalization of financial markets has increased over recent years to reach levels broadly comparable to those seen in the period of marked financial market integration which preceded World War I. As mentioned at the outset, however, quantities alone cannot be a good indicator of globalization because the law of one price may still not apply when cross-border financial flows become more widespread.
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As far as I know, Egypt is the last country which enacted the Data Protection Law on 13 July 2020. Accordingly, the total number of countries with data protection law is 143. Is there any update other than this?
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Thanks for this interested question. Agree with
Syed Hassan
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•The first 7 SDGs is an extension of MDGs
•Second group is inclusiveness (jobs, infrastructure industrialization, and distribution).It includes goals 8, 9, and 10
•The third group is on sustainability and urbanization that covers the last seven goals
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The pandemic has drastically halted progress
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List the critical solved and unsolved global/constrained/complex optimization problems, combinatorial and engineering problems?
Metaheuristic algorithms can be classified in many ways
Several Metaheuristic algorithms are proposed to solve different optimization problems, but the solved is resolved and the unsolved is still unsolved.
List the unsolved problem or the critical solved problem that need an optimal solution to help the researcher to solve the unsolved problems.
Thanks for you contributions
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Every year math programmers devise optimal solutions for more and more complex and larger problems, while metaheuristics enthusiasts still haven't caught up with the times. I find it puzzling - like it was a virtue to not finding an optimal solution. For several of us, it is quite puzzling, actually. I would be interested to hear why optimal solutions are not useful, or interesting.
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In many countries formal rules have been adopted or guidelines have been included in key national legal regulations according to which public debt in the amount of 50%. Gross Domestic Product is interpreted as not generating high risk of domestic debt.
However, in some countries, the public debt in relation to Gross Domestic Product for many years has been at a level well above 100%.
Among these countries are developing countries but also large, rich developed countries.
On the other hand, if such countries are increasingly global, systemic credit risk may grow and if another global financial crisis similar to the one in 2008 could emerge in the future, it could turn into a serious global debt crisis.
In view of the above, let me ask you: Do you think that public debt is 50% to the Gross Domestic Product generates high or low risk of indebtedness of the country?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Before COVID-19 crisis 50 % of debt to Gross Domestic Product was a high public debt for any country, but nowadays, during coronavirus crisis, and I think, for some time after it, 50 % of country's debt is rather low.
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What are the advantages of conducting research in international research teams?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Best wishes
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Scientific research has included a very important international team, as it broadens research horizons and takes into account the characteristics of different countries and contexts. Therefore, the results are closer to reality.
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What spatial tools can be used to analyze the spread of the new coronavirus? What models can be adopted and what spatial epidemiology can be used to study the spread across the globe. Many thanks for your contribution.
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Time series map is a good choice for mapping Covid-19 (or Covid-20 ??) development and changes.
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This is a theoretical question that endeavors to address contemporary issues. My frame of reference is that world peace is the ideal. In conflict situations, what form of geopolitical combat might be the best or the most effective pathway to peace and national and international security?
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"To win one hundred victories in one hundred battles is not the height of excellence. To subdue the enemy without fighting is the height of excellence."
- Sun Tzu, The Art of War
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Science has been developing for centuries and poverty existed and still exists. When the classical economy began to develop in the 18th century, scientific concepts appeared that suggested that as a result of the development of the market economy economic prosperity would grow and income inequality would decrease, also in the international area.
Unfortunately, over 200 years have passed and the income diversification has increased and the scale of poverty in many countries is growing. Poverty is currently determined by various economic, economic and political factors, etc. The development of information, IT and Internet technologies, new production solutions and innovations creates new categories of added value of manufacturing processes.
Technology, information, knowledge, and innovation are categories of production factors whose importance is growing in production processes. Technological development should reduce the scale of poverty, but time will show to what extent this positive process will work. On the other hand, other instruments should also be developed, poverty reduction programs by increasing the support of the richest countries for the poorest.
In addition, in the 21st century there are many important economic problems to solve, so as to develop sustainable pro-ecological development, improve socio-economic policies, develop democratization processes, develop economic support programs for the poorest countries etc. which should reduce income disparities, technological development, etc.
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
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Poverty is expected to increase in 21st century due growing menace of climate change.
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of globalization?
In developed countries, knowledge-based economies are characterized by the development of information services, and production processes are increasingly determined by the quality of such factors as information, technology, innovations, patents, etc. In addition, analogous standards of telecommunications, transaction, market, financial systems, etc. operate in different countries. Globalization is therefore still progressing.
In connection with the above, the communication, transactional and information aspects of globalization are characterized by a positive meaning. It is referred to as "the Earth as a" global village. "Through more and more modern communication, the global circulation of information is carried out in real time via Internet teleinformation systems.
But not all aspects of globalization have positive aspects.
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nuclear and chemical weapons
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Economic globalization?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Economic globalization.
Please reply.
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Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
The issues of globalization of financial and banking systems are described in the publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
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Dear Dariusz Prokopowicz thanks a lot for the suggested literature to discuss this topic. I would like to contribute considering that from the economic perspective, the integration of green programs into recovery plans could better rebuild the way industries operate, specially, after the COVID-19 pandemic, adopting innovative methods as the case of the so-called doughnut. It comprises an economic model that envisions a world in which people and planet can thrive in the balance based on the SDGs, as stated by its author Kate Raworth: ―As we all start thinking about how we will emerge from this crisis, let us seek to be holistic in how we reimagine and recreate the local-to-global futures of the places we live". Kind regards, Ernani
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What is your opinion ?
Instead, there is advantage in terms of communication and understanding only ?
Do you have any idea of how it may impact the following -
What are Health effects ?
How it effects sustainability ?
Is there any study on growth impacts ?
What about energy and environment ?
How it impacts the ecology and environment ?
How it impacts the local economy ?
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Yes. The speach is directly connected with the thinking.
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  • What are the basic foundations for development of the new methodology and practical application for multilateral cooperation?
  • What are the most critical questions in social, economic, cultural and political spheres to be addressed for production of research based policy recommendations and action points?
  • Which actors might be regarded as the major stakeholders in the emerging multilateral world?
  • Is there a need to redefine the key stakeholders and institutions of the past, or should a new dimension of the old paradigm be introduced?
  • Is there a way to make multilateral cooperation between responsible stakeholders a win-win strategy in the situation of global uncertainty?
  • What are the major outlooks of the possible futures in multipolar world development perspective?
  • Which innovative experiences and initiatives contribute most to formation of multilateral cooperation and provide independent platforms for advice on global issues?
  • How to engage in multilateral and equal dialogue policy makers and actors not only from Western countries?
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Dear Andrey Filippov the multipolarity is marked by the existence of distinct actors, not only the nation-states as the “international player”, but also numerous non-state actors with global projection. Therefore, multipolarityrequires the coordination of political practices based on certain principles such as balance between powers, interdependence and solidarity, to achieve consensus in terms of global governance.
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The environmental policy should be synchronized internationally. There should be greater compliance and transnational cooperation on the implementation of pro-ecological reforms in the energy sector, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and improvement of recycling processes, waste segregation and reclamation degraded by the development of the natural environment areas of the industry. Over-national institutions such as the UN, the World Bank, etc. should gain more importance in the coordination of solving global problems such as the ongoing global warming process.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
Should there be a nationally-developed global ecological policy regarding unfavorable changes in the Earth's climate?
Please reply
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Dear Dariusz Prokopowicz , a potential nationally-developed global ecological policy must be comprehended in the framework of global governance. As climate change is considered a planetary issue, for logical reasons, mechanisms that enhance international cooperation to address these issues are extreme relevant to pursue possible solutions in terms of mitigation and adaptation.
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Global warming affects many processes in biological ecosystems. Different species of flora and fauna change their habitats and geographical areas according to climate change and specific geographical environments. Areas of occurrence of specific species, for example insects in terrestrial areas and fish and arthropods in the seas and oceans, change. Bird habitats change, so migrations of some bird species may also be subject to modification. In the situation when forest areas dry out and turn into steppes and deserts, changes in natural habitats and areas of occurrence of species change and concern simultaneously many species of flora and fauna.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
What changes in natural ecosystems are caused by the ongoing global warming process?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
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Climate change and global warming have severe consequences for the survival of scleractinian (reef-building) corals and their associated ecosystems.... Crabbe, M. J. C. (2008). Climate change, global warming and coral reefs: Modelling the effects of temperature. Computational Biology and Chemistry, 32(5), 311-314.
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How do you assess the processes of globalization of financial and banking systems in the context of the analysis of the sources of the global financial crisis of 2008?
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Magnitude of international investors, and FDI
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What is the growing share of protectionism that limits cross-border trade between major economies in the projected slowdown in global economic growth?
Do you agree with my opinion that in many developing countries the influence of foreign direct, capital and financial investments is significant.
However, the analysis of this process in individual countries results in a significantly different scope and nature of the impact of foreign investment capital.
According to the doctrine of classical economics, all countries should benefit from opening up the economy to foreign investments and the development of trade, including the export and import of economic goods.
However, are all countries always benefiting from this process economic benefits and the process develops faster?
It's not always like that. If all countries benefited from the growth of trade, protectionism, such as the establishment of anti-dumping duties to reduce cross-border trade, would be unnecessary.
What is the impact of foreign investment capital in the globalization era on the economic development of developing countries?
What is the growing share of protectionism that limits cross-border trade between major economies in the projected slowdown in global economic growth?
Are the currently limited protectionist practices cross-border trade is the main factor in the forecasted slowdown in global economy growth?
Please reply
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Protectionist practice is one of the reason in the slowdown in global economic growth amid Covid-19, however, benefits of so called Globalization & Liberalization have failed to address the Equality, access to equal opportunities & removing poverty in many emerging nations.
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Present day distribution pattern and the rate mortality indicate that the rise in temperature might be of some help to minimize the outbreak and lethality of COVID-19 pandemic! Here I share link to such a discussion that is being built up over the passage of time.
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In the past, globalization processes were determined by various factors. In my opinion, the processes of information, cultural, technological, financial, economic, political globalization are currently dominating.
In view of the above, I am asking you:
In what direction do you think globalization processes should follow in the future?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
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I am a proponent of globalization that always together the desired goal is achieved faster and easier. But only in cases where this does not affect the interests of the main population of the earth who have an average income and a poor population as well as environmental aspects that contribute to the destruction of nature.
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The literature all depends on some kind of expansion. It is useful for global analysis but not for local.
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This problem is solved in a recent project.
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Have noticed that several events are being linked to climate changes including global warming but scientifically they are not.
Do have precise knowledge about the events which can be connected to and NOT connected to climate change, including global warming. Would appreciate if any one differentiate it by listing the names.
Also, do you think that we have adequate findings to support or dispel the events which are connected and NOT connected to climate change? How important is to differentiate it?
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Really appreciate your enormous contribution, Michael Issigonis . Yes, agree with you, that providing timely awareness of the change essentially to teenagers can make a certain constructive differences. Thanks for sharing!
Yes, I also often do so. In my recent visit to India also, I got a pleasure to give several invited talks on the topics to renowned institutes there. Felt ecstatic to share that teenagers really appreciated the concomitant knowledge of the topic and indeed got excited to know in the ongoing ontogeny in the policies to handle climate related issues. Certainly, in the time to come teenagers will also be prove as a right force to fight and insist the governments to change the climate policies into a constructively way.
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One colleague suggested that almost any internationally published research can still be considered as a local research project. His opinion is that would aim to focus on the local society specific needs and characteristics.
What do you think?
If you agree with such concept, then what are the criteria for such international research to be considered for a local proposal?
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I see your point dear @Len Leonid Mizrah that having more focus on the local society needs should be more fruitful, however, local logistics may not be available to support such approach.
I think that major international research groups should dedicate part of their project / funding to enhance such collaboration, that should favor the underdeveloped regions.
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Some of the developing countries, such as China, are generating large financial surpluses. Chinese banks place their large financial surpluses in, among others, US Treasury bonds, thus financing the US budget deficit. In contrast, some developed countries in Europe and the US have high public debts, which strongly increased, among others by the global financial crisis of 2008. What will happen if in the development of the current technological revolution, Industry 4.0, is the developing world going to take precedence in technological development? Will it be a sidetrack of the existing highly developed countries of the Western world?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG,
The issues of risk management in the context of determinants of the global financial crisis, globalization processes, technological progress and other factors I described in the publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Best wishes
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Despite the improvement in economic growth in recent years, there are still high budget deficits and a high level of public debt in some countries. In order to reduce the high public sector debt ratios that are unfavorable for the economy, high economic growth in the following years is necessary.
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In the context of the development of large capital markets, the development of stock exchanges, increasingly globalized and related, the importance of globalization of financial markets, including capital markets and stock exchanges, is increasing.
On these capital markets, there are also increasingly larger, more nationally operating investment banks and investment funds, whose profits are increasingly generated from speculative transactions of securities issued by companies and the public sector, including Treasury bonds of other countries.
In addition, there are growing currency markets, which are also speculatively operated by interneconegally operating banks and investment funds, hedge funds.
The recent global financial crisis that appeared in autumn 2008 was an example of the increase in potential systemic credit risk in many countries in which the governments of these countries through the issue of government bonds and their sale to foreign investors led to a significant increase in the risk of a liquidity crisis in the state finances and in many smaller economies, they generated major crises in the debt of state finances.
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
Does the globalization of financial markets and the development of growing global banks and investment funds increase the level of potential systemic credit risk, increases the risk of destablization on many capital markets and thus increases the likelihood of generating another global financial crisis?
Do you agree with my opinion?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
Does the globalization of financial markets and the development of growing global banks and investment funds increase the level of potential systemic credit risk, increases the risk of destablization on many capital markets and thus increases the likelihood of generating another global financial crisis?
Please reply
This issue is described in the following publication:
I invite you to discussion and scientific cooperation
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The contagion effect has little resistance between countries and national capital markets with globalization thereby magnifying the systemic risk. Prior to globalization each country and its capital market was somewhat self-contained with essentially a fire wall at the national boundary. This impeded and in some cases stopped the spread from country to country resulting in much reduced systemic risk.
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Yes. In my opinion, globalization is leading to the Integration of Business Cycles. In this way, globalization may deepen economic crises, including the global financial and debt crisis. An example was the global financial crisis, which appeared in mid-September 2008. At that time bankruptcy was announced by one of the largest investment banks in the world. As a result of unreliable credit risk management procedures, billions of USD of financial losses have been generated. It turned out that the unwritten rule no longer works, that "big can not fall". However, it is the emergence of ever larger international corporations and financial institutions that is one of the main determinants of the processes of economic globalization that have been progressing in recent years. these processes continue. Every few years, as a result of the merger of some of the largest financial institutions through mergers and acquisitions, more and more banks are formed. On the other hand, international operating industrial corporations move their factories from country to country, looking for cheaper workforce, and international trading and service corporations set up subsidiaries and sales outlets in other countries. Capital links grow transnational and thus systemic risk grows, whose sources can be related to the progressing economic globalization.
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
The issues of risk management in the context of determinants of the global financial crisis, globalization processes, technological progress and other factors I described in the publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Best wishes
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In view of the above, it is also important to include in the above discussion also the following issue:
Was the picture of the sources of the global financial crisis presented in the media fully objective?
In the situation when a global financial crisis appeared in the autumn of 2008, a long-time public discussion on the sources of this crisis, explaining its development and pointing to the need to improve credit risk management procedures began in the media.
In the course of numerous analyzes carried out after 2008, many irregularities in the functioning of investment banking operating on capital markets in 2006-2008, investing in high-risk securities and their derivatives, were diagnosed. In addition, the institutions of supervision over financial systems did not notice many irregularities in the process of granting mortgage loans and in the rating agencies issuing too high, overly optimistic assessments for investment banks located in the forfeiture, sold for not fully informed about a high level of credit risk for investors, which were offered securities, credit derivatives, subprime bonds. Financial system supervisors also did not notice high systemic risk in a situation where a significant part of all mortgage loans in developed countries with the Anglo-Saxon model of the financial system were insured by a few insurance companies. Financial institutions also did not notice unethical practices of selling investment banks to investors of securities, whose valuation on securities markets was significantly overvalued and in the situation when the global financial crisis occurred, these securities were almost nothing or nothing worth buying.
The global financial crisis in 2008 was the reason for increasing the scale of interventionist economic policies in developed countries. The main instrument of this policy was the significant development of a mild monetary policy and interventionist measures aimed at forcing the restructuring processes of heavily indebted enterprises and stop-ping the decline in lending by commercial banks. As part of the pro-development activities of the state intervention, the Federal Reserve Bank applied a mild monetary policy of low interest rates and a program for activating lending and maintaining liquidity in the financial system by financing the purchase from commercial banks of the most en-dangered assets. A few years later, the European Central Bank applied the same activities of activation monetary policy. The functioning of the financial system will not be fully corrected as long as there will be a message in the media encouraging the banks that the global financial crisis is primarily attributable to the Federal Reserve Bank in the USA. In many para-documentary films, which, as a para-scientific explanation and education of citizens, pro-mote the philosophy of combining deregulation of financial markets with the development of a free market, and attempts to regulate markets are trying to implement the principles of real socialism, a system quite different from that considered an ultramarine US economy.
Do you agree with my opinion?
Therefore, I am asking you with the following query:
Was the picture of the sources of the global financial crisis presented in the media fully objective?
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
I described the problem of "Anti-crisis state intervention and created in media images of global financial crisis" in the publication:
Please reply
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Are trade wars a good solution for implementing the policies of specific countries?
Can the imposition of tariffs and other barriers to international trade lead to a significant decline in the economic growth of individual countries?
If the barriers to international trade are increased in many countries, including the largest world economies, can this lead to a significant downturn in the global economy?
Please reply
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Suadat hussain Wani 's answer represents a typical mode of thinking in this topic. Although he is observing facts correctly, he states contradictory claims perhaps without noticing it (He claims barriers are bad for the welfare of people, but he claims at the same time that the barriers are good for job creation.).
This signifies that (1) we lack a good framework to analyze various aspects of trade restriction and liberalization, and (2) opinions about trade policies represent intuitive ideas rather than analyzed and empirically tested results. The lack of suitable framework produces one-sided policy recommendations based on more ideological thoughts than a cool analysis of the effects of policies.
To change this state of the art, it is necessary to obtain a new theory in place of traditional trade theories. The most popular trade theory is Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson theory. Models of this theory assume full employment by assumption and cannot as a consequence analyze the troubles like unemployment and industrial declines. Other trade theories are not exempt of this defect. Many trade-theorists have a strong pro-trade bias and argue for the unconditional trade liberalization without being aware of the problems that their theory structure imposes. They are slaves of economic theory just as John Maynard Keynes warned at the end of his famous book: The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money.
If unemployment and job creation are the most important question, the new trade theory must be one that permits unemployment as normal state of the economy and gives a framework by which we can analyze how employment is regulated, and how jobs are created. So the good trade theory must be able to analyze losses from trade as well as gains from trade.
Although there is no such ideal trade theory, the new theory of international values is the most promising one, because it is a framework which can explain gains from trade but can also analyze unemployment. For example, it can show that trade liberalization with no coordinated effective demand policy leads to engender unemployment at least in some countries (See Theorem 4.3, Shiozawa 2017 The New Theory of International Values/ An Overview, Chapter 1, The New Construction of Ricardian Theory of International Trade). The new theory is also a framework which is compatible with the principle of effective demands. (See our new book which will be published soon: Shiozawa, Morioka and Taniguchi 2019 The Microfoundations of Evolutionary Economics.)
As this is rather a new theory, the analysis of job or industry creation is yet a blank, but it has a good possibility to be combined with evolutionary economics and provides a theoretical framework to analyze such topics as job loss, international competitiveness, and catching-up. For an example, see my chapter with Fujimoto: The Nature of International Competition among Firms (Chapter 2 in Fujimoto and Ikuine 2018 Industrial Competitiveness and Design Evolution). Classical infant industry theory may obtain a justification by the new theory.
Although increased trade barriers may lead to a downturn of global economy, as Yeboah Evans points it, we should think why such a political backlash like Trumpism emerged. We should not pursue prosperity by a heavy sacrifice of some nations. We should find a solution which permits further prosperity without further suffering of some categories of people. The first step in search of such solution is to find a good theory by which to consider trade policies and their consequences.
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Does the new online media, including social media portals, help establish international scientific cooperation between scientists?
Do new internet media help to build international research teams conducting the same research projects or interdisciplinary research?
Do you think the Research Gate portal helps to establish international scientific cooperation?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
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Dear Dr. Dariusz Prokopowicz , Dear all,
New online media has no direct effect without a leader directing it. Yes, there is cooperation if there is a love for cooperation and this creates opportunities even if there are no suitable media available. This is what is really happening with the Swedish Iraqi Academic Forum. They create opportunities for collaboration with a lack of potential. So, a lot thanks to everyone who has that wonderful collaborative spirit.
Regards.
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First, natural ecosystems should be fully described and precisely presented in the media, including new online media. Then, natural ecosystems should be actively and widely promoted as models of sustainable development, including models of sustainable economic development on a national and global level.
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Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
First, natural ecosystems should be fully described and precisely presented in the media, including new online media. Then, natural ecosystems should be actively and widely promoted as models of sustainable development, including models of sustainable economic development on a national and global level.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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In recent years ecological innovations have been created mainly in the field of renewable energy sources, improvement of waste segregation techniques, recycling, treatment of polluted water, reclamation of a devastated natural environment, energy-efficient construction, electromobility etc. However, more and more eco-innovations, new technological solutions, technical improvements which is part of sustainable ecological development, is also created in many other fields of science.
In view of the above, are examples of pro-ecological undertakings, technological improvements compatible with sustainable ecological development or ecological innovations that are also created in one of the following or other related fields of science, for example: Molecular Biology, Biotechnology, Anthropology Theory, Medicine, Electrical Engineering , Artificial Intelligence, Genetics, Business Administration, Risk Management, Big Data, Business Intelligence, Automation & Robotics, Climatology, Agriculture, Biophysics, Biochemistry, Medical Intelligence, Artificial Neural Networks, Ecosystem Analysis, Power Engineering, Construction, Food production, Forest ecology, Biology, Geoscience, Government Programs, Behavioral Sciences, Biodiversity Assessment, Green Architecture, Greenhouse, Waste, Household Products, Information Society, Innovation Management, International Entrepreneurship, Internet Technologies, Knowledge Creation, Bioelectric Energy gy Sources, Business Model Innovation, Cataclysmic Variables, Chromatography, Clean Energy, Cleantech, Climate Prediction, Collaborative Innovation, Commercialization, Computational Intelligence, Computer Science and Engineering, Conservation Biology, Consumer Behavior, Corporate Governance, Creative Economy, Crisis Communication, Cyber ​​Security, Data Analysis, Database Administration, Development Cooperation, Digital Ecosystems, Economic Ecoindicators, Ecosystem Ecology, Energy Industry, Ecological Modeling Ecological Economics, Ecological Indicators, Discovery, Earth Sciences, Earthquake Forecasting and Geocataclysm, Econometric Analysis, Economic Integration, Economics of Innovation, Ecosystem Engineering, Electricity, Electronic Systems, Energetic Materials, Energy Technologies, Environment, Environmental Biodegradation, Flora, Food Consumption Life Sciences, Logistics Management, Materials for Sustainable Energy, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Nanomaterials, New Media Technology, Recycling, Physics of Global Warming, Plant Protection, Predicive Analytics, Production Planning, Project Development, Public Economics, Public Policy, Public Policy, Sociobiology, Space Science, Sustainable Agriculture, Sustainable Development Strategies, Technology Forecasting, Transport Economics, Water Resources, Weather Forecasting, Wildlife Conservation, World Economy, ...?
In view of the above, the current question is: What areas of knowledge will be involved in shaping sustainable pro-ecological economic development in the 21st century?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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(1) Energy - production, transport and distribution of power/electricity: renewable energy (solar & wind); smart grid solutions; decentralization of production; advanced storage (battery) solutions.
(2) Electromobility - small affordable BEVs (200 km range, fast charging); Emopeds, Ebikes, Escooters; long haul trucks; ferries. maybe small planes.
(3) Lighting - LED-based solutions.
(4) Biotech
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I believe that the risk continues to grow in financial systems. This means that another global crisis can not be ruled out in the next few years. The financial system has not been repaired, and necessary investment programs for prudential systems have not been forced on investment banks. Large banks are becoming even larger. in autumn 2008 one of Lehman Brothers investment banks collapsed but several other similar ones earned in this crisis, in addition, there are many indications that they have contributed significantly to generating such a high systemic risk, they used the crisis to their business goals. The investment banks were not restricted from taking such high credit risk, which contributed to the outbreak of the global financial crisis in 2008. The system still remains vulnerable, the procedures are still not honestly observed. The fact that another global financial crisis will generate investment banks is almost certain. The only question is when will it happen?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
The issues of risk management in the context of determinants of the global financial crisis, globalization processes, technological progress and other factors I described in the publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Best wishes
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Following
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In recent years, the importance of the problems of scientific attempts to verify and justify for formulated forecasts of the potential emergence of another global financial crisis is growing. The problem is particularly important because some of these theories suggest that the next global financial crisis may be similarly surprising for the majority of economic entities, but it may also be characterized by a sub-standard or higher level of negative economic effects of the downturn in the situation of the next global financial crisis.
(The continuation of these considerations can be found in the comments below).
In view of the above, the current question is: Are there verified and scientifically justified forecasts of the potential emergence of another global financial crisis?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
The issues of risk management in the context of determinants of the global financial crisis, globalization processes, technological progress and other factors I described in the publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Best wishes
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Through the Federal Reserve Bank's anti-crisis policy of buying junk assets from commercial banks, millions of reprinted dollars were pumped into the economy without economic coverage in the equivalent of produced economic goods. A significant part of these additional dollars indirectly conjunctural generated a quick return of prosperity on the securities markets, perhaps too fast because in a few years after the global financial crisis in 2008, the valuation of securities on the largest securities markets exceeded the level of autumn 2008 .
I invite you to the discussion
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whether the development of international industrial corporations and large international banks and investment funds operating internationally will be the main factor of economic globalization in the 21st century?
What other determinants will shape the processes of economic globalization in the 21st century?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
I have described these issues in recently published publications:
I invite you to discussion and scientific cooperation
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According to experts globalization can evolve in three different ways:
a) Globalization will continue its expansion although not at a constant speed;
b) Globalization and business internationalization will slow down, given the prevalence of some of the negative effects on some countries economies and
c) Growth will be more regional than global.
In fact, there is ample evidence of events supporting each of these situations and only time will tell. For sure, this is really a most important issue that has to be considered under the umbrella of political developments and environmental impact.
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Today, after successful elections in Venezuela, boycotted by the US backed opposition, we are told that:
"The US vice-president Mike Pence, described the vote as a “sham” which was “neither free nor fair”, while in a separate statement, the secretary of state, Mike Pompeo, said the US “will take swift economic and diplomatic actions to support the restoration of their democracy.”
Also today we are told that following the unilateral US tearing up of the international treaty with Iran :
"Mike Pompeo has threatened Iran with the “strongest sanctions in history” if it does not comply with a list of a dozen US demands. In a speech that attempted to lay out the Trump administration’s strategy on Iran after quitting the nuclear deal it agreed with other major powers in 2015, the secretary of state warned that the US would not just reimpose all the sanctions that were in place before the deal, but also pile additional punitive measures.
The Iranian regime should know this is just the beginning,” Pompeo said. The speech did not explicitly advocate regime change, but in remarks immediately afterwards Pompeo suggested that it would be up to the Iranian people to end the US pressure campaign by changing their own government.“I can’t put a timeline on it, but at the end of the day, the Iranian people [advised by the CIA] will decide the timeline,” Pompeo said at the Heritage Foundation, a conservative think-tank in Washington. “The Iranian people will get to make a choice about their leadership. If they make the decision quickly that will be wonderful. If they choose not to do so, we will stay hard at this until we achieve the outcomes that I set forth.”
Among the 12 conditions laid down by Pompeo were: demand Iran to give a full account of its alleged past work on nuclear weapons development; stop all uranium enrichment; halt launches of nuclear-capable ballistic missiles; end its support for Hamas, Hezbollah and Palestinian Islamic Jihad;(??) withdraw all forces under Iranian command from Syria; and end support for Houthi rebels in Yemen.
GOOD TO KNOW WE ARE IN SAFE AND SENSIBLE HANDS WHO KNOW HISTORY, DIPLOMACY AND CARE ABOUT WORLD PEACE!!
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I agree largely with Mr. Botchway's line of thought being a Retired Marine Veteran on the tactics and measures the current administration is applying. I fear what is being lost is clear-headed thinking and a reasonable diplomatic approach that attempts to change or sway the ideology behind the unsavory behavior conducted by those who would do us and our allies harm. You have to have a thorough understanding of the people and their way of life, before you can attempt any measure at changing their behavior.
Furthermore with the manner that our current President is going about breaking agreements and disrupting long established relationships with our allies he no longer has any credibility with the free-world. Reputational consequences will have long and lasting effects and will be an impediment to getting others to comply with the current administrations wishes. You have to have the ability to talk to people with mutual respect of their sovereign and positions and then seek a solution that will be a "win-win" for both or all parties involved. Talking down and bullying is never going to accomplish anything in our modern society.
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So we now see the capitalist system recover from the 2008-09 crisis and banks are back ruling the world. We seem more likely to see a catastrophic collapse of the world under the weight on global warming than an effective social regulation of financial capital.
What can be done? Especially in the developing or third world where the impact is most serious?
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Aalbers, M. (2009) made a comparison of the global effect on an example of US, where the crisis was affecting mostly and on a highest scale the low-income communities while the high-income communities had a possibility to recover from the setback. It is also symbolic for what happened on a global scale. The author in his work also argues the power balance shift which due to rising oil prices has moved towards Asia and predicts (which is already happening and had happened) the increasing importance of some financial centers in Asia, because investing is slowly starting to go both ways and not only from US and Europe elsewhere.
Furthermore, the dynamic movement of capital created a smooth path for the crisis development. All industrialized countries were seeking for new markets, especially for cheap production inputs and the FDI enlarged exponentially on the global level in the last two and a half decades. Moreover, many economic analysts argue that global increase in debts was an additional factor for creating the crisis. All countries in development process were facing huge budget deficits and they also were trying to grow their economy and infrastructure.
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It is look like same index with different title, is it the same methodology or dimensions used for calculate index?
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Fragile state indicates quality less items.
Failed state shows both solid items and quality less items.
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Is a PhD research work and Numerical FEA will be used. Additional sources of literature will be appreciated.
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I’m sourcing the literature to establish the research gaps for this work and I would like some advice about recommended further work in this research area. I’m looking to find someone that I will follow up online to mentor me on this thesis.
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Not my subject.
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For background information, see previous question from Susan Salafsky "What was the global extent of drought conditions during 2001-2003 and how did it affect the biota?"
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Dear Susan!
I do not agree with the "worldwide drought" in 2001-2003 too. However, the lack of precipitation was observed in some regions. Figures of 12-month SPI in additional files can answer to your question.
Regards, Elena