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Publications related to Geospatial Science (317)
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Poster
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Terrain mapping is an essential component of physical geography, field geology, biogeography, archaeology, and a variety of other disciplines, which investigates the structure and dynamics of the Earth's surface. Until recently, Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have become the main source of very high resolution or high resolution (VHR/HR) datasets...
Article
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Rapidly changing landscapes and disturbance regimes in the Global South impact the viability of conservation planning. Although conservation planning processes benefit from reliable multi-scale and multi-temporal data on landscape changes, this is not widely understood. In this paper, the authors examine landscape change dynamics and disturbance re...
Preprint
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Multi-agency investments require local coordination, planning, and implementation. GIS allows us to analyze and comprehend real-world processes by constructing and applying manipulation, analytical criteria, and models for daily decision making. This requires a geospatial database with surveyed land, assets, hydro, etc. Survey of India (SOI) is pub...
Chapter
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In regions with sparse in situ monitoring and forecasting, water resources management (WRM) for sustainable development poses several challenges. Over the last decade, the rapid increase of satellite-based information has brought unprecedented ways to support and strengthen WRM. Moreover, traditional barriers to satellite data availability and use...
Presentation
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Data science is one of the fastest-growing professions worldwide. This growth has been fuelled by the massive volumes of data created daily and the growing need for skilled people to make sense of and draw conclusions from the data. To meet this growing demand, an increasing number of universities, including Stellenbosch University, are offering co...
Article
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Disasters are an uncertain and unavoidable event in nature, which affect adversely social, economic, environmental and humanitarian sectors. Geographic information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) are very useful and effective tools in disaster management. Various disasters like earthquakes, landslides, floods, fires, tsunamis, volcanic eruptio...
Article
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For a decade, the Southern and Central Africa International Center of Excellence for Malaria Research has operated with local partners across study sites in Zambia and Zimbabwe that range from hypo- to holoendemic and vary ecologically and entomologically. The burden of malaria and the impact of control measures were assessed in longitudinal cohort...
Article
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Incorporating measures of taxonomic diversity into research and management plans has long been a tenet of conservation science. Increasingly, active conservation programs are turning towards multi-species landscape and regional conservation actions, and away from single species approaches. This is both a reflection of changing trends in conservatio...
Article
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Processing Earth observation data modelled in a time-series of raster format is critical to solving some of the most complex problems in geospatial science ranging from climate change to public health. Researchers are increasingly working with these large raster datasets that are often terabytes in size. At this scale, traditional GIS methods may f...
Article
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Aquaculture is the world’s fastest-growing food-producing sector, with a mean annual growth rate of 5.3% during 2001–2018. Bangladesh, despite being a densely populated and small country, has managed to ensure its high position in this growing economy. Despite widespread benefits, aquaculture in Bangladesh has recently encountered concerns due to c...
Article
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Lung transplantation is an increasingly common lifesaving therapy for patients with fatal lung diseases, but this intervention has a critical limitation as median survival after LT is merely 5.5 years. Despite the profound impact of place-based factors on lung health, this has not been rigorously investigated in LT recipients-a vulnerable populatio...
Article
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Climate change and current susceptibilities exacerbated the coastal flood loss and damage resulting in livelihoods and property damage. Urban areas in the Low to Lower-Middle Income Countries are expected to be disproportionately impacted by the disaster, given a higher share of citizens living in the Low Elevation Coastal Zone, limited financial r...
Article
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This article addresses the benefits and challenges to including indigenous peoples and their organizations as partners in the geospatial services provided by SERVIR-Amazonia, a USAID and NASA initiative implemented in six Amazon Basin countries: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, and Surinam. It discusses who the Amazon indigenous peoples are...
Article
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The use of geospatial sciences and technologies for the management of grazinglands has fostered a plethora of applications related to ecology, wildlife, vegetation science, forage productivity and quality, and animal husbandry. Some of the earliest use of remote sensing dates to the proliferation of aerial photography in the 1930s. Today, remote se...
Article
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The study of banana herbs and fruits is rarely conducted using multidisciplinary approaches. However, a multidisciplinary approach could be useful for gaining information on many aspects, including remote sensing, biodiversity and biogeography, owing to the uniqueness of bananas. The present article reviews a study on banana herbs from an Indonesia...
Article
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Smart city is one of the fastest growing socio-economic and scientific initiative in the world. Still, it is only in principle and a mere blueprint for many developing countries. This study reviews literature on smart city in Nigeria and developing countries. Our aim is to explore ways to improve the quality of Nigeria’s urban areas, based on recen...
Article
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The fields of entomology, geospatial science, and science communication are understaffed in many areas, resulting in poor community awareness and heightened risks of vector-borne diseases. This is especially true in East Tennessee, where La Crosse encephalitis (LACE) causes pediatric illness each year. In response to these problems, we created a co...
Book
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Geospatial technology is a combination of state-of-the-art remote sensing and technology for geographic information systems (GIS) and global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) for the mapping and monitoring of landscapes and environment. The main thrust of using geospatial technology is to understand the causes, mechanisms, and consequences of spa...
Article
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This is the study of economic impacts in the context of social disadvantage. It specifically considers economic conditions in regions with pre-existing inequalities and examines labor market outcomes in already socially vulnerable areas. The economic outcomes remain relatively unexplored by the studies on the COVID-19 impacts. To fill the gap, we s...
Book
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Description Land Reclamation and Restoration Strategies for Sustainable Development: Geospatial Technology Based Approach considers spatial mapping, modeling, risk assessment in land hazards issues, and sustainable management. Each section in the book explores state-of-art techniques using commercial, open source, and statistical software for mappi...
Conference Paper
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JupyterHub [1] has become a popular choice in many scientific communities, offering an easy-to-use interface for users with little to no frontend development work while promoting reproducible and replicable (R&R) science [2]. In the broad geospatial science community, CyberGISX [3] provides such a gateway environment with many cyberGIS (i.e., geosp...
Article
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With the rapid development of geospatial science, artificial intelligence, and high-performance computing, geospatial artificial intelligence has become the major technique for processing and analyzing geospatial big data, and will be widely used in the scientific research and engineering application of earth science, spatial cognition, and smart c...
Book
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Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) are rapidly emerging as flexible platforms for capturing imagery and other data across the sciences. Many colleges and universities are developing courses on UAS-based data acquisition. Fundamentals of Capturing and Processing Drone Imagery and Data is a comprehensive, introductory text on how to use unmanned aircraf...
Article
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The protection and restoration of nature are critical for climate change mitigation. As such, many international initiatives have been launched to champion the implementation of nature-based climate solutions (NBCS) while supporting other societal goals. Given global momentum, it is critical that policymakers proactively define successful NBCS acti...
Chapter
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The Indian Sundarbans region is now one of the world’s most vulnerable ecosystems, facing the challenges laid down by climate change and global warming. The Sundarbans covers a vast area of 10,000 km2 across both India and Bangladesh. This study focuses on the issues in the Indian region. The Indian Sundarbans is a World Heritage site, as announced...
Article
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PREFACE The paper contains a brief overview of the professional activities of Professor Gottfried Konecny, Professor Emeritus at the Institute of Photogrammetry and GeoInformation, Leibniz University Hannover, Germany, and his influence on photogrammetry, remote sensing and geospatial information science during his time at the University of New Bru...
Article
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The use of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS), also known as drones is increasing in geospatial science curricula within the United States. Within the Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture (ATCOFA) at Stephen F. Austin State University, Texas, seniors in the geospatial science program complete capstone projects to evaluate current geospatial...
Preprint
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Researchers and practitioners across many disciplines have recently adopted computational notebooks to develop, document, and share their scientific workflows - and the GIS community is no exception. This chapter introduces computational notebooks in the geographical context. It begins by explaining the computational paradigm and philosophy that un...
Article
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Microbiome data are undergoing exponential growth powered by rapid technological advancement. As the scope and depth of microbiome research increases, cross-disciplinary research is urgently needed for interpreting and harnessing the unprecedented data output. However, conventional research settings pose challenges to much-needed interdisciplinary...
Article
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Geoprostorna znanost (geospatial science) disciplina je koja se fokusira na primjenu informacijske tehnologije za razumijevanje ljudi, mjesta i procesa na Zemlji. Prostorna analiza humanih i fizičkih varijabli temeljna je za tu disciplinu. Daljinsko istraživanje, geoinformacijski sustavi i sustavi globalnog pozicioniranja obično se koriste kao alat...
Article
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Smart cities are especially suited for improving urban inclusion by combining digital transition and social innovation. To be smart, a city has to provide every citizen with urban spaces, public services, and common goods that are effectively affordable, whatever the citizen’s gender, culture, origin, race, or impairment. Based on two design worksh...
Chapter
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The creation and implementation, involving key stakeholders, of context-specific forest management practices plays a significant role in the achievements of sustainable forest management. A number of site-growth modelling studies have been funded in recent years with the goal of developing quantitative relations between the site Index and specific...
Article
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Indigenous societies provide alternatives to hegemonic social institutions that global capitalism spread around the world, contributing to human caused environmental degradation called the Anthropocene, coterminous with the development of the modern world-system. In this work we describe Indigenous communities using ten social spheres, that balance...
Article
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Risks and hazards are two important issues currently threatening humanity and the environment. Flood has claimed many lives and destroyed properties in Malaysia and Africa and Nigeria. It is global catastrophe. The application of geospatial science is, therefore, very important advantages that it offers solutions to flood. This stud uses of Advance...
Article
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The Brazilian Cartographic Olympiad (OBRAC) is an educational project that has been held, since 2015, in Brazil. It aims to stimulate interest in science, especially in geospatial sciences; provide teachers with tools for dynamic and participatory teaching in areas covering cartography and also provide teachers and students socialization through te...
Article
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Our cities are the frontier where the battle to achieve the global sustainable development agenda over the next decade would be won or lost. This requires an evidence-based approach to local decision-making and resource allocation, which can only be possible if current gaps in urban data are bridged. Earth observation (EO) offers opportunities to p...
Article
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The sudden outbreak of the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) swept across the world in early 2020, triggering the lockdowns of several billion people across many countries, and most states of the U.S. The transmission of the virus accelerated rapidly with the most confirmed cases in the U.S., and New York City became an epicenter of the pandemic by th...
Article
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Google Earth Engine (GEE) is a cloud-based geospatial processing platform for large-scale environmental monitoring and analysis. The free-to-use GEE platform provides access to (1) petabytes of publicly available remote sensing imagery and other ready-to-use products with an explorer web app; (2) high-speed parallel processing and machine learning...
Technical Report
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Following a brief World Bank technical review of Nepal’s land administration system (LAS) and national spatial data infrastructure (NSDI) in December 2018, the Government of Nepal (GoN) requested the World Bank to provide Technical Assistance (TA). The agreed objective of the TA was to undertake a more detailed review in order to prepare an evide...
Article
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Regional development differences are a universal problem in the economic development process of countries around the world. In recent decades, China has experienced rapid urban development since the implementation of the reform and opening-up policy. However, development differs across regions, triggering the migration of laborers from underdevelop...
Article
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This entry follows in the footsteps of Anselin’s famous 1989 NCGIA working paper entitle “What is special about spatial?” ( a report that is very timely again in an age when non-spatial data scientists are ignorant of the special characteristics of spatial data), where he outlines three unrelated but fundamental characteristics of spatial data. In...
Article
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Although contemporary geospatial science has made great progress, spatial data fusion of vector and raster data is still a problem in the geoinformation science environment. In order to solve the problem, this paper proposes a method which merges vector and raster data. Firstly, the row and column numbers of the raster data, and the X, Y values of...
Article
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Satellite area coverage analysis is complex, especially when the satellite operating state changes. Traditional algorithms cannot quickly and efficiently obtain the satellite area coverage analysis results, and are incapable of providing efficient online services. To overcome these shortcomings and meet the needs of 21st century geospatial science...
Article
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The National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) is a foundational geospatial data source in the United States that enables extensive and diverse environmental research and supports decision-making in numerous contexts. However, the NHD requires regular validation and update given possible inconsistent initial collection and hydrographic changes. Furthermore...
Conference Paper
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Africa is a continent of youth. However, its high rates of youth unemployment linked to high levels of landlessness suggest a close correlation with youth poverty and access to land. This paper presents the perspective of an approach for capacitating youth through research on land and natural resource. The capacity development effort involved actio...
Article
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Objectives: (a) To understand how to integrate geospatial concepts when implementing point-of-care testing (POCT); (b) to facilitate emergency, outbreak, and disaster preparedness and emergency management in healthcare small-world networks; (c) to enhance community resilience by using POCT in tandem with geographic information systems (GISs) and ot...
Chapter
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The Philippi Horticultural Area (PHA) in Southern Cape Town provides more than 50% of the Cape Town’s fresh produce. In addition, it is located over the Cape Flats Aquifer that has the potential to service more than one third of Cape Town’s drinking water needs. This is particularly important in light of recent drought conditions affecting the city...
Presentation
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Science-based educational research increasingly supports the high value of active learning. The Geospatial Sciences incorporate active learning strategies such as field observation, experimental methods, hands-on learning, and use of technology in the classroom. This session will discuss implementation of experiential learning methods such as field...
Article
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North Carolina Central University is committed to student education and training in cartography and geospatial sciences. This paper demonstrates the importance of applying cartographic principles to train students to convert historical deed records into geospatial data. Students were required to take text information from the 1960s and input this i...
Article
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This paper is focussed on the work and remit of the ICA’s Commission on Education and Training (CET), presenting a reflection by the retiring chair of the current issues which affect the work of Commission members and all engaged in current education and training of students of cartography around the world. The nature and development of cartography...
Conference Paper
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Accessibility, as an important theme in geospatial science, measures the potential of interaction between geographic entities. Originated in Hansen’s (1959) empirical model for land use planning, place-based accessibility becomes an integrated assessment of urban settlements in relation to social services and opportunities, such as employment, educ...
Conference Paper
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This paper describes how wind engineering, geospatial science and crop agronomy disciplines can be combined to provide a decision support system for farmers to manage lodging risk, using the Crop Failure Assessment due to Lodging Losses (CROPFALL) framework. CROPFALL calculates lodging risk using information about topography, land cover, soil type...
Article
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The Klamath is a diverse bioregion widely known for its abundant population of salmon. It extends through the states of Oregon and California, and has a drainage basin of over 15,000 square miles that flows into the Klamath River. The three most prevalent species of salmon in the region (Coho, Steelhead, and Chinook) have all experienced sharp decl...
Article
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The article proposes the concept of modeling that uses multi-agent systems of mutual interactions between city residents as well as interactions between residents and spatial objects. Adopting this perspective means treating residents, as well as buildings or other spatial objects, as distinct agents that exchange multifaceted packages of informati...
Method
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The emergence of UAV technology has greatly influenced mapping activities offering new possibilities in the field of geospatial science. This how-to guide aims at providing a clear and comprehensive description of the processing steps for obtaining a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of terrain from UAV imagery using openly available software. In addit...
Article
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The popularity of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) methodology has been growing in a wide variety of areas in geodesy and geospatial sciences. Its ability to perform coordinate transformation between different data has been well documented in literature. In the application of the ANN methods for the coordinate transformation, only the train-test (ho...
Article
Full-text available
The popularity of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) methodology has been growing in a wide variety of areas in geodesy and geospatial sciences. Its ability to perform coordinate transformation between different data has been well documented in literature. In the application of the ANN methods for the coordinate transformation, only the train-test (ho...
Article
Full-text available
Geospatial sciences play crucial roles in and have effects on the socioeconomic, political and security fortunes of states. Earth observation, remote sensing and geoscientific ground investigation increasingly occupy vantage positions in the legal order of states, particularly in evidential terms and in the verification of facts under international...
Article
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Thematic mapping provides today’s analysts with an essential geospatial science tool for conveying spatial information. The advancement of remote sensing and computer science technologies has provided classification methods for mapping at both pixel-based and object-based analysis, for increasingly complex environments. These thematic maps then ser...
Conference Paper
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Although Earth Observation (EO) data plays a central role in various applications of geospatial sciences, the conventional workflow requiring the presence of the data on the local machine has become a bottleneck for processing large volumes of EO data. Processing it in cloud back-ends instead by transferring the code to the data overcomes bandwidth...
Article
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The participatory approach in decision making and the implementation of activities that directly or indirectly relate to the public interest has become a new stream of current research. Participatory Geographic Information System (PGIS), Public Participation Geographic Information System (PPGIS), Collaborative Geographic Information System (CGIS),...
Article
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Geospatial technology has become a core subject in many of the graduate and post-graduate educational curriculum. Last two decades saw substantial development in the field of geospatial science including earth observation and remote sensing and these technologies are widely being used in applications related to land and water resources monitoring,...
Poster
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Geospatial science and modeling application for near-real time rice crop monitoring in Andhra Pradesh, India
Poster
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Modern geospatial technologies such as remotely sensed imagery, handheld devices to capture coordinates and geographic information systems, have been applied to different research questions in palaeoanthropology that share a spatial component [1]. Even fossil surveys aimed at discovering new fossil assemblages containing hominins have been guided b...
Article
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We used the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) to evaluate how different residual forage dry matter (RDM) levels affect erosion potential in rangelands across California. The model was adapted to operate in a geographic information system (GIS) to model 14.8 million acres (6.0 million hectares) of land. Average erosion potential was low a...
Article
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The applications of Geospatial science are expanding rapidly and increasing demand of high quality Geospatial education is exerting pressures on educational institutions for producing fit-for-job graduates. It is not easy for individual institutions to change their curricula and teaching materials frequently to keep up the pace with the fast changi...
Conference Paper
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The biggest challenges in the Mediterranean countries, Montenegro included, presently encounter a critical geographic dimension: protected areas, natural disasters, climate change, energy security, urbanization. Natura intacta and her holistic framework is presently at risk of extinction. The aim of this presentation is focus on the protection of b...
Article
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Maps are one of the most important tools for communicating geospatial information between producers and receivers. Geospatial data, tools, contributions in geospatial sciences, and the communication of information and transmission of knowledge are matter of ongoing cartographic research. This applies to all topics and objects located on Earth or on...
Thesis
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A stable power supply spurs economic growth and investment into the country and as such electricity is a crucial element in the greater national socio-economic framework – more so in an emerging/developing economy, such as South Africa. Since the development of electricity, pollution has been the challenge that today has caused electrical utility b...
Article
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Introduction Scaling the Peaks is a cross-disciplinary research study that draws on medical ethnography, human geography and Geospatial Information Science (GIS) to address the issues surrounding the design and delivery of dementia-friendly services in rural communities. The research question seeks to understand the barriers and drivers to the deve...
Poster
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Open science uses open source to deal with reproducibility challenges in data and computational sciences. However, just using open source software or making the code public does not make the research reproducible. Moreover, the scientists face the challenge of learning new unfamiliar tools and workflows. In this contribution, we will look at a grad...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents current research done under the GEMINI (Geospatial monitoring of green infrastructure using terrestrial, airborne and satellite imagery) project. GEMINI is a scientific project of the Faculty of Geodesy, University of Zagreb and Croatian Forest Research Institute funded by the Croatian science foundation. The project aims to exp...
Article
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The Geospatial data production from different sources with varied precision and scales has experienced an extensive growth by increase of geospatial data usage in daily life. Through these diverse datasets in some of the applications, there is a need to identify corresponding features by geospatial data matching problems. In other words, the goal o...
Article
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Distance in geospatial sciences has many applications, including the calculation of spatial similarity degree in object-matching problems. Various distances have so far been utilized for this purpose. However, no study has examined the efficiency of methods used for finding solutions for linear object matching in datasets with different or the same...
Article
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While the theory and implementation of geographic information systems (GIS) have a history of more than 50 years, the development of dedicated educational tools and applications in this field is more recent. This paper presents a free and open source software (FOSS) approach for education in the geospatial disciplines, which has been used over the...
Conference Paper
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Emerging of Google Earth in 2005 was perceived as significant achievements in geospatial sciences and bring into focus of mass attention the concept of Digital Earth, manifested seven years before by ex-vice-president of USA Al Gore. Nevertheless, scientific origins of Digital Earth and its relations with cartography still unclear. We investigate b...