Science topics: GeoscienceGeoinformatics
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Geoinformatics - Science topic

Geographic Information System (GIS) or geospatial information studies or a geographic information system is designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of geographically referenced data. In the simplest terms, GIS is the merging of cartography, statistical analysis, and database technology.
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Publications related to Geoinformatics (10,000)
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While the international community has made progress in adopting goals and agreements in the field of climate change mitigation, efforts to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are significantly lacking behind global ambitions for acceptable climate change. In this perspective, we discuss whether a window of opportunity for more effective climate a...
Article
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the main object of this study is to test how well revelational sealers (IRoot sealer, MTA sealer, and glass ionomer sealer) can seal the apical part of roots using a single cone obturation procedure with the dye withdrawal method. Forty-five removed human mandibular premolar teeth with circular canals were decorated at a length of 13mm and instrume...
Article
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The petrographic composition of Cretaceous-age coals hosted in the Benue Trough, Nigeria is presented and discussed in terms of the paleodepositional settings that influenced the coal-bearing formations. The Benue Trough is a failed arm of the triple junction of an inland sedimentary basin that extends in a NE-SW direction from the Gulf of Guinea i...
Article
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Disturbances in gastrointestinal (GI) microbiota could play a significant role in the development of GI cancers, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unclear. While some bacteria seem to facilitate carcinogenesis, others appear to be protective. So far only one bacterium ( Helicobacter pylori ) has been classified by the International Agenc...
Article
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Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is commonly associated with respiratory symptoms. However, gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are increasingly recognized in COVID-19 patients. The aim is to study the prevalence and features of gastrointestinal manifestations in severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infected patients and eva...
Book
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Remote Sensing and GIS in Natural Resource Management is a reference textbook on remote sensing for all the students of geography and geoinformatics. This book focuses on the up-to-date art of techniques and processes for sustainable natural resource management studies on various aspects using the geospatial application. The book illustrates recent...
Article
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Purpose of Review This review addresses the relationship between sleep and chronic, painful, gastrointestinal (GI) conditions. Recent Findings Similar to other chronic physical or mental health conditions, there is an increased prevalence of sleep concerns among individuals with chronic digestive conditions. The relationship between sleep and GI s...
Article
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Background/Aims: Mucosal incision-assisted biopsy (MIAB) for tissue acquisition (TA) from subepithelial lesions (SELs) is emerging as an alternative to endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided TA. Only a limited number of studies compared the diagnostic utility of MIAB and EUS for upper gastrointestinal (GI) SELs; therefore, we conducted this systematic...
Conference Paper
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Rationale: Although malnutrition is common across healthcare settings in the Netherlands, severity of malnutrition at the start of the dietary treatment in the primary care setting is unclear. We aimed to assess severity of malnutrition in adults clients with malnutrition (risk) at the start of their dietary treatment in the primary care setting. M...
Technical Report
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The report entitled “UAV Technology, its Application, Principle and Workflow to Disaster Monitoring and Emergency Response'' and submitted to 2022 International Geoinformatics Summer School organized by the State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing (LIESMARS), Wuhan University for the completion of the...
Article
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The harmless disposal and recycling treatment technology of livestock manure has received increasing attention in recent years. In this study, Fe2(SO4)3 was added during anaerobic digestion (AD) of pig manure (PM) to investigate the effects of different doses of Fe2(SO4)3 on biogas yield and heavy metal passivation. The results showed that the high...
Preprint
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OBJECTIVE: Contouring Collaborative for Consensus in Radiation Oncology (C3RO) is a crowdsourced challenge engaging radiation oncologists across various expertise levels in segmentation. A challenge in artificial intelligence (AI) development is the paucity of multi-expert datasets; consequently, we sought to characterize whether aggregate segmenta...
Article
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Capsule endoscopy (CE) is a valid alternative to conventional gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy tools. In CE, annotation tools are crucial in developing large and annotated medical image databases for training deep neural networks (DNN). We provide an overview of the described and in-use various annotation systems available, focusing on the annotatio...
Article
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The gut has been proposed as a potential alternative entry route for SARS-CoV-2. This was mainly based on the high levels of SARS-CoV-2 receptor expressed in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, the observations of GI disorders (such as diarrhea) in some COVID-19 patients and the detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in feces. However, the underlying mechanisms...
Poster
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Expert Perspectives on Reversal of Oral Anticoagulant Therapy inPatients With GI Bleeding
Article
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The biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) from Diospyros villosa leaves and stem bark extracts is described. The stem bark AgNPs of D. villosa synthesized at 80 °C (S80) showed good scavenging activity with a lower IC50 value of 8.75 µg·mL−1 compared to ascorbic acid (9.58 µg·mL−1). The total phenol content of the S80 AgNPs was measured and...
Article
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Green entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE) refers to individuals’ conviction that they can contribute to solving environmental issues and shows self-assurance in their efforts to protect the environment. The present investigation attempts to determine the role of employees’ green ESE in the green innovation (GI) of SMEs. It is also proposed that GI...
Article
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The α-Gal mammalian meat allergy classically presents with urticaria, with or without gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms or anaphylaxis, but increasingly we are aware of patients with only GI symptoms. Here we describe patients presenting with isolated GI symptoms who had detectable IgE antibodies to α-Gal and reported symptom improvement on a mammal-r...
Conference Paper
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Bu çalışmada, endsokopi görüntüleri kullanılarak Gastrointestinal(GI) hastalıkların tespiti derin öğrenme teknikleri kullanılarak yapılmıştır. Evrişimli sinir ağı (ESA)’nın kullanıldığı yeni bir yaklaşım önerilmiştir. Efficient b0 modeli’nin “GAP” ve “MatMul” katmaları kullanılarak endoskopi görüntülerinden öznitelik çıkarımı gerçekleştirilmiştir....
Article
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IntroductionGastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) can result in symptoms such as diarrhea, flushing, abdominal pain, and fatigue and are often associated with a significant disease burden and poor prognosis. This non-interventional, prospective, observational study evaluated the real-world safety and effectiveness of lanreotide de...
Article
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Multiple toothbrush designs have been developed to enhance dental biofilm removal and decrease bacterial contamination and retention over time. Therefore, the aim of this clinical study was to compare the efficacy of a prototype of a new double-sided thermoplastic polyurethane-based toothbrush with that of a conventional nylon-bristle toothbrush. A...
Article
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To compare the responses of two open-pollinated tomato varieties to germination parameters and shoot growth, seeds of open-pollinated tomato varieties, Mersa and Tekeze-1 were given osmopriming treatments with potassium nitrate (KNO3) in a lab setting. A completely randomized design with four replications was used. The analysis of variance revealed...
Article
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Background We aim to show the endoscopic placement of a T-tube to treat a persistent large gastro-cutaneous fistula after OAGB. Methods We present the case of a 46-year-old woman with BMI of 48 kg/m², who underwent OAGB and was re-operated on the 2nd postoperative day (POD) for leakage. Washing and drainage of the abdominal cavity was performed, a...
Conference Paper
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Green infrastructure (GI) is being criticized as incapable of entirely replacing hard engineered infrastructure (grey infrastructure) owing to its limited capacity to sustain alone [1]. Hence, a trending debate on how to integrate the positive functions of grey infrastructure and GI [2-3] towards sustainable GI implementations in vast spatial exten...
Article
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In today's digitalising global economy, competition between regions and municipalities is increasingly intensifying across national borders. In addition, two events have occurred in recent decades that have had a major impact on the global economy. One was the global financial and economic crisis, the other the Covid-19 pandemic with its social and...
Article
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Rising vulnerability of the urban green infrastructure (UGI) is grabbing global attention, for which inclusive urban landscape and greening policies (ULGP) and frameworks are crucial to support green growth. As such, this research intends to explore the local community’s perspective to assemble sustainable UGI indicators for vital taxonomy of the u...
Article
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This study focuses on the application of multi-sensor satellite archived data products and ancillary data for the evaluation of drought vulnerability. The use of a subjective model, namely Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) integrated with Geographical Information System (GIS) and various influencing parameters, emerged as a powerful tool for the g...
Article
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Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease characterised by immune dysregulation affecting multiple organs. Current anti-inflammatory treatments used in SLE are associated with unwanted side-effects. Dietary supplementation has been suggested as a safe and effective addition to conventional treatment...
Conference Paper
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Poster session 3, September 23, 2022, 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM Objectives We aim to assess the clinical utility of the semi-nested conventional PCR in smear positive, culture-negative clinical samples for diagnosis of mucormycosis. Methods This prospective study was conducted for a period of 3 months (April-June 2021). A total of 218 clinical samples w...
Article
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Geospatial information science (GI science) is concerned with the development and application of geodetic and information science methods for modeling, acquiring, sharing, managing, exploring, analyzing, synthesizing, visualizing, and evaluating data on spatio-temporal phenomena related to the Earth. As an interdisciplinary scientific discipline, i...
Article
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The aims of the study were to determine the periodontal status of the teeth in contact with removable partial dentures (RPDs) and to compare them with other teeth in the opposing arch not related to any prothesis. The periodontal status was also assessed in relation to the age of the dentures. Four hundred and twenty-seven patients treated with RPD...
Article
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There has been a steady increase (annual percentage growth rate of 19.2%, average of 18.3 citations per document) in capsule endoscopy (CE) publications from a global, interdisciplinary research community on a growing range of CE applications over the last 20+ years. We here present the status of CE as a field of research, tracing its evolution ove...
Article
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The research aimed to scientifically prove that parboiled Sri Lankan traditional rice elicits lower glycaemic responses comparative to raw unpolished or polished rice. Thus the proxi-mate composition and glycaemic indices (GI) of raw, raw polished, and parboiled traditional Sri Lankan rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties Godaheenati, Batapola el, Dik w...
Poster
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Objective: To assess the relationship between along-1-year stimulation voltage(V)/frequency(F) adjustments and speech intelligibility (SI) in PD patients treated with STN-DBS. Background: Low V/F stimulation improves SI in PD patients treated with STN-DBS [1-3]. This benefit could be transient [3], but there are no studies about STN-DBS settings (p...
Article
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Background and Objectives: Remifentanil-based sedation is one of many protocols proposed for endoscopy procedures in spontaneous ventilation, alone or in combination with propofol. However, the effect of these small doses of propofol on the efficacy and safety of remifentanil target-controlled infusion (TCI) deserves to be examined in this context....
Technical Report
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S u s t a i n a b l e Go v e r n a n c e I n d i c a t o r s S GI ©v e g e-s t o c k. a d o b e. c o m S u s t a i n a b l e Go v e r n a n c e I n d i c a t o r s 2 0 2 2 Ne t h e r l a n d s R e p o r t R o b e r t Ho p p e , Ma r g a r i t a I. J e l i a z k o v a , A n d r é K r o u we l , Ni l s C. B a n d e l o w (C o o r d i n a t o r)Univer...
Article
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The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic resulted in an unprecedented global crisis. SARS-CoV-2 primarily causes lung infection trough the binding of the virus with the ACE-2 cell receptor located on the surface of the alveolar epithelial cells. Notably, ACE-2 cell receptors are also expressed in the epithelial cells of the intestinal tract (GI). Recent data showed...
Article
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Background Rebleeding is associated with poor outcomes in upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). Identifying predictors of rebleeding can assist in risk assessment. The aim of the study is to investigate the factors affecting rebleeding in patients with UGIB admitted to the emergency department. Methods This retrospective, observational, cross-se...
Article
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S u s t a i n a b l e Go v e r n a n c e I n d i c a t o r s S GI ©v e g e-s t o c k. a d o b e. c o m S u s t a i n a b l e Go v e r n a n c e I n d i c a t o r s 2 0 2 2 I c e l a n d R e p o r t Gr e t a r Þ ó r E y Þ ó r s s o n , T h o r v a l d u r Gy l f a s o n , De t l e f J a h n (C o o r d i n a t o r)
Article
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The present study highlights the forest fire hotspots based on daily forest fire occurrence during 2000–2020 and its subsequent long-term impacts on different vegetation types in Central India. The MODIS (MCD14DL) based study exhibited the recurrence of fire incidences in central and southern parts of forests and affected substantial parts of the d...
Article
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Spatial and urban planning are directed towards achieving territorial cohesion as one of the sustainable development goals. Considering the hybrid concept of green infrastructure, this paper aims to provide an “ecological model” of achieving territorial cohesion in spatial and urban planning. Based on the connectivity level analysis between green i...
Article
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Low glycemic index (GI) diets have been associated with decreased chronic disease risk. In a randomized, cross-over study we investigated the GI and glycemic response to three traditional Greek mixed meals: Lentils, Trahana, and Halva. Twelve healthy, fasting individuals received isoglucidic test meals (25 g available carbohydrate) and 25 g glucose...
Article
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This review examines the Stockton Economic Empowerment Demonstration (SEED) project, a guaranteed income (GI) project that was undertaken in Stockton, California from 2019- 2021. SEED is a collaborative initiative by the Mayor’s Office of Stockton, the Reinvent Stockton Foundation (RSF), and the Economic Security Project (ESF). The purpose of the S...
Article
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Adaptation to climate change is an issue of growing concern for the agri-food sector, particularly for Geographic Indications (GIs). Agri-food GIs are deeply grounded on the concept of terroir, whose key aspects can be altered by climate change. In this context, understanding whether and how agents involved in agri-food GIs production are adapting...
Article
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The volume and distribution of fluids available in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract may substantially affect oral drug absorption. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used in the past to quantify these fluid volumes in adults and its use is now being extended to the pediatric population. The present research pursued a retrospective, explorativ...
Article
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Many gastrointestinal (GI) disorders present to the emergency room with acute clinical presentations, some even life threatening. Common emergencies encountered that require urgent endoscopic interventions include GI hemorrhage (variceal and nonvariceal), foreign body ingestion, obstructive jaundice, postprocedure-related complications such as post...
Article
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The present work deals with the effect of three heavy metals on germination of Atriplex halimus L. seeds. The experiments were conducted during 10 days, under strictly controlled laboratory conditions. Precocity of germination (PG), Germination Percentage (GP), Kinetics of germination, Germination index (GI) and Radicle length (RL) were estimated....
Article
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The key clinical message, in this case, is that large, bilateral masses in the absence of ascites are suggestive for an extragonadal origin for which one of the primary sources is GI, so endoscopy and colonoscopy should be carried out for these patients (for gastric and colonic cancers). Resecting the primary tumor with metastasis is controversial,...
Book
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Conference Proceedings - II International Conference LANDSCAPE DIMENSIONS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: SCIENCE – CARTO/GIS - PLANNING – GOVERNANCE. The conference will take place in Tbilisi, Georgia from 12 - 16 SEPTEMBER 2022 to commemorate the 75th anniversary of Professor Nikoloz Beruchashvili (1947-2006), internationally-renowned geographer and...
Article
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Objective: The aim of the current report was to examine the association between indices of oral health condition and cardiovascular disease in an adult Greek population. Material and Methods: 1,026 individuals derived from two medical and one dental practice consisted the study sample. The participants underwent an oral and dental clinical examinat...
Article
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b> Introduction: Endoscopic techniques are now considered the first-line approach for the management of bariatric surgery-related fistulas. The off-label use of cardiac septal defect occluders (CSDO) is an emerging technique that has demonstrated favorable outcomes for the closure of extravascular defects, including gastrointestinal (GI) disruption...
Article
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Introduction: Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is expressed in several cell types in the body including the gastrointestinal (GI) epithelium. Objective:To provide an overview of the normal distribution of ACE2 in the GI tract, altered ACE2 expression notably in coronavirus infection and its consequences. Materials and Methods: Pubmed and goog...
Article
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Consumption of high Glycemic Index (GI) foods is a risk factor for increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM). The extent of variation in starch digestibility and GI of Yam varieties and products is not yet fully understood. This study was therefore designed to evaluate in vitro and in vivo Glycemic Index properties of commonly consumed produc...
Article
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Green infrastructure (GI) has been implemented globally to mitigate the negative effects of urbanization. GI also regulates the urban runoff process and reduces non-point source pollution by intercepting initial runoff pollution and stormwater storage. In this paper, the impacts on GI were quantified and analyzed, considering eight designed storms...
Conference Paper
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Dies ist die deutsche Version der Muster. This is the German version of the patterns. The English patterns are published in a separate document. The corresponding examples are published in a separate document. Version 0.6 c: Variante im GI-Layout mit farblichen Hervorhebungen für Tagungsband der GI. Stand: 25.6.2022
Article
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The article presents the results of phytotoxicity tests on foundry dust and landfilled waste. Currently, all this waste is being reused. The research has focused on phytotoxicity tests performed directly on the waste. Garden cress ( Lepidium sativum L.) was used as the test plant. The germination test (GI) and the accumulation test were used to ass...
Conference Paper
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Rationale: Although malnutrition is common across healthcare settings in the Netherlands, severity of malnutrition at the start of the dietary treatment in the primary care setting is unclear. We aimed to assess severity of malnutrition in adults clients with malnutrition (risk) at the start of their dietary treatment in the primary care setting. M...
Poster
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Norovirus is an enteric virus with foodborne transmission. Bivalve shellfish are a main source of infections and outbreaks, which in the last years showed an increasing trend. Therefore a monitoring plan was set up to control the NoV prevalence in this food category considered at high risk of contamination, due to the filtering activity of shellfis...
Article
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Oat consumption has increased during the last decade because of the health benefits associated with its soluble dietary fiber (β-glucan), functional proteins, lipids, and the presence of specific phytochemicals, such as avenanthramides. Oat is consumed mainly as whole grain, and the hull (seed coat), comprising 25–35% of the entire grain, is remove...
Article
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Background Advanced GI/Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) fellowships are one of the largest non-ACGME post-residency training pathways. MIS programs are highly competitive, with only 68% of applicants in the 2021 cycle successfully matching into fellowship positions. An evaluation of MIS fellowship program websites is warranted to determine if appli...
Article
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Assam's pride - golden-hued Muga silk was awarded the Geographical Indication status in the year 2007. Government agencies like DoS and Central Silk Board have to support in the revival efforts of GI apart from other agencies and the stakeholders which would create standardization of the product, offer more control over market forces. Details. Feat...
Article
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The classical swine fever virus (CSFV) outbreaks cause colossal losses of pigs and drastic economic impacts. The current phylogenetic CSFV groups were determined mainly based on the partial genome. Herein, 203 complete genomic sequences of CSFVs collected worldwide between 1998 and 2018 available on the GenBank database were retrieved for re-genoty...
Article
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Dense cores are the places where stars are formed within the supersonic Molecular Clouds. These dense regions (n ∼ 10⁵ cc) are cold (T ∼10 K) and display subsonic levels of turbulence (Mach ∼ 0.5), and represent the initial conditions for both star and disk formation. However, the influence of the parental core properties on the disk formation proc...
Article
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Background The efficacy and safety of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for tumors extending into the terminal ileum remain obscure. We aimed to evaluate the outcomes of ESD for tumors involving the ileocecal valve (ICV) with extension into the terminal ileum. Methods Sixty-eight patients (40 men; mean age, 67 years) with 68 tumors involving...
Article
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Designing cereal-based products with appropriate metabolic responses is of high interest to the food industry in view of the potential health impact of the product. The objective of this study was to test whether a model that used the nutrient composition of breakfast cereals to predict their glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) could also ac...