Science topics: GeoscienceGeography
Science topic

Geography - Science topic

Explore the latest questions and answers in Geography, and find Geography experts.
Questions related to Geography
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
8 answers
We know that the threshold value varies by geography. For the reason identifying this value is challenging and there is a considerable risk of identifying the incorrect value. That is why my primary goal is to precisely determine threshold value so that I can separate vegetations for a specific area from the rest of the landscape.
Relevant answer
Answer
NDVI values vary depending on the volume and condition of the vegetation cover. In the same region there may be crops with soil gaps, or meadows (with high/medium/low green (fresh) or dry yellowed grass, and forests (coniferous or deciduous)/ Each of these sites/vegetation states may correspond to different NDVI values. For this reason, each of these landscapes will have a different range of NDVI values. That's why your question misses the main point - from which landscape do you want to separate your particular site? What index values will be found in your study area?
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
17 answers
In my previous question I suggested using the Research Gate platform to launch large-scale spatio temporal comparative researches.
The following is the description of one of the problems of pressing importance for humanitarian and educational sectors.
For the last several decades there has been a gradual loss in quality of education on all its levels . We can observe that our universities are progressively turning into entertaining institutions, where students parties, musical and sport activities are valued higher than studying in a library or working on painstaking calculations.
In 1998 Vladimir Arnold (1937 – 2010), one of the greatest mathematicians of our times, in his article “Mathematical Innumeracy Scarier Than Inquisition Fires” (newspaper “Izvestia”, Moscow) stated that the power players didn’t need all the people to be able to think and analyze, only “cogs in machines,” serving their interests and business processes. He also wrote that American students didn’t know how to sum up simple fractions. Most of them sum up numerator and denominators of one simple fraction with the ones of the other, i.e. as they did it, 1/2+ 1/3 according to their understand is equal to 2/5 . Vladimir Arnold pointed out that with this kind of education, students can’t think, prove and reason – they are easy to turn into a crowd, to be easily manipulated by cunning politicians because they don’t usually understand causes and effects of political acts. I would add, for myself, that this process is quite understandable and expected because computers, internet and consumer society lifestyle (with its continuous rush for more and newer commodities we are induced to regard as a healthy behavior) have wiped off young people’s skills in elementary logic and eagerness to study hard. And this is exactly what the consumer economics and its bosses, the owners of international businesses and local magnates, need.
I recall a funny incident that happened in Kharkov (Ukraine). One Biology student was asked what “two squared” was. He answered that it was the number 2 inscribed into a square.
The level and the scale of education and intellectual decline described can be easily measured with the help of the Research Gate platform. It could be appropriate to test students’ logic abilities, instead of guess-the-answer tests which have taken over all the universities within the framework of Bologna Process which victorious march on the territories of former Soviet states. Many people can remember the fact that Soviet education system was one of the best in the world. I have therefore suggested the following tests:
1. In a Nikolai Bogdanov-Belsky (1868-1945) painting “Oral accounting at Rachinsky's People's school”(1895) one could see boys in a village school at a mental arithmetic lesson. Their teacher, Sergei Rachinsky (1833-1902), the school headmaster and also a professor at the Moscow University in the 1860s, offered the children the following exercise to do a mental calculation (http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:BogdanovBelsky_UstnySchet.jpg?uselang=ru):
(10 х 10 + 11 х 11 + 12 х 12 + 13 х 13 + 14 х 14) / 365 = ?
(there is no provision here on Research Gate to write square of the numbers,thats why I have writen through multiplication of the numbers )
19th century peasant children with basted shoes (“lapti”) were able to solve such task mentally. This year, in September, this very exercise was given to the senior high school pupils and the first year students of a university with major in Physics and Technology in Kyiv (the capital of Ukraine) and no one could solve it.
2. Exercise of a famous mathematician Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777–1855): to calculate mentally the sum of the first one hundred positive integers:
1+2+3+4+…+100 = ?
3. Albrecht Dürer’s (1471-1528) magic square (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magic_square)
The German Renaissance painter was amazed by the mathematical properties of the magic square, which were described in Europe firstly in Spanish (the 1280s) and Italian (14th century) manuscripts. He used the image of the square as a detail for in his Melancholia I painting , which was drawn in 1514, and included the numbers 15 and 14 in his magic square:
16 3 2 13
5 10 11 8
9 6 7 12
4 15 14 1
Ask your students to find regularities in this magic square. In case this exercise seems hard, you can offer them Lo Shu (2200 BC) square, a simpler variant of magic square of the third order (minimal non-trivial case):
4 9 2
3 5 7
8 1 6
4. Summing up of simple fractions.
According to Vladimir Arnold’s popular articles, in the era of computers and Internet, this test becomes an absolute obstacle for more and more students all over the world. Any exercises of the following type will be appropriate at this part:
3/7 + 7/3 = ? and 5/6 + 7/15=?
I think these four tests will be enough. All of them are for logical skills, unlike the tests created under Bologna Process.
Dear colleagues, professors and teachers,
You can offer these tasks to the students at your colleges and universities and share the results here, at the Research Gate platform, so that we all can see the landscape of the wretchedness and misery resulted from neoliberal economics and globalization.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
8 answers
I would like to know your opinion about the prisoners of geography around the world.
  • How to overcome the individualistic idea of ​​poverty?
  • What is the relationship between the poverty of the places and the poverty of the people?
  • How can one think of a general model to analyze the topic of local structures versus household poverty?
Relevant answer
Answer
I don't think people are necessarily prisoners of geography. Geography can place potential barriers to progress but these are not insurmountable. The factor of human agency and ingenuity tends to be ignored in studies of the link between place and poverty. Social, economic, political, historical factors as well as individual choices may offer more clues to the real roots of poverty than the place where one is born or lives.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
7 answers
I am interested in seeing whether the focus of GIScience studies have shifted over the last few decades from being more local or regional in scale towards global. My assumption is that due to the availability and accessibility of global datasets (e.g. user generated data) and technical advancements that make it possible to analyse these datasets triggered a shift in geographic focus.
In a recent review of OpenStreetMap related publications, we found that 6.5% of analyzed publications had a global focus [1] . I was wondering if there are similar review papers that are broader in scope.
Relevant answer
Answer
You may find answers from this paper: “What Were GIScience Scholars Interested in During the Past Decades?”
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
14 answers
Research becoming more transdisciplinary with each passing day, the boundaries drawn between each discipline and paradigm is constantly changing. Kindly substantiate your answer
Relevant answer
Answer
Geography predates the division of knowledge into specific disciplines. In the beginning it was simply writing about the earth from the Greek words geo graphein. This is why it overlaps with climatology, hydrology, geology, biology, epidemiology, pedology etc. in the natural sciences and economics, sociology, politics, history, languages, literary studies etc. in the social sciences and humanities. In fact some have gone so far as to say there is no such thing as geography as a specific discipline. However, others have said that whenever we focus on the nature, causes and effects of spatial variation of any phenomenon over the earth's surface we are doing geographical work. So to answer your question directly: Yes, literary geography can be considered a part of geography as long as it studies spatial aspects of literature.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
4 answers
Hello, for an article I am looking for maps of the Crimean peninsula (ideally textbooks or atlases) from Russia and Ukraine to compare. Does anyone have appropriate materials or know of suitable contacts (textbook publishers or universities)? Best regards.
Relevant answer
Answer
Sorry, I don't have maps of Crimea
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
6 answers
Mainly their works are in German or in Swedish, may be someone has read Politishce Geographie in English?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Anna-Maria and Shota,
yes, I agree with you both that there are a lot of very useful secondary sources on Ratzel et al. However, I sometimes had the feeling that proponents of so-called "critical geopolitics" had perhaps made some undue claims about the origins of geopolitics, geostrategy etc. - especially about their implications for today's world. That's why I would always argue for trying to read the original sources (a descent English translation should make do, too, of course).
Thanks & cheers to everyone!
Julius
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
6 answers
The ancient Amazon women cultures had been described in the very early books of Hecataios from Miletos, Herodotos from Halicarnassos and others as well as in the book of Geography written by Strabon from Amasia, all from Turkey, where Amazon women had named cities like Termiskyra at the Black Sea coast, Ephesia, Smyrna at the Aegean Sea coast, etc. Why could we not find any remainings from Amazon women cultures, besides their graves?
Relevant answer
Answer
The stories about the Amazons are plentiful in the ancient Greek writings. In order to understand them fully one has to study the meaning of the names of the Amazons themselves. As an example, one of them "Ypsilipili" means "tall gate", therefore, she was a rather tall person. "Smyrne" is a name for an aromatic plant probably grown around the town of Smyrne, etc
How about the Amazon river in South America? Did the Amazons travelled there or was it called after women warriors gave a hard time to the first explorers?
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
1 answer
Interested to join the launched 'Climate and Environmental Change Network' at the biggest university and research association "Unimed" for multilateral scientific cooperation.
Get more info at https://t.co/bSnMWFIVy7
Deadline : July 30th. Don't miss it ↗️
Relevant answer
Answer
Good for sharing, this was an interesting program.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
7 answers
I'm part of a project creating a public atlas to document and map people's subjective experiences of extreme weather events. I've included information and a link to a short survey below. Feel free to fill this out yourself, and/or forward to your networks via email, social media, etc. Thanks!
Extreme Weather Events Survey
Ecologies of Harm: Mapping Contexts of Vulnerability in the Time of Covid-19 The University of British Columbia
This is a digital commons project intended to provide equitable access to knowledge.
COVID-19 presents the potential for people and groups to become exposed to harm in new ways. To see the overlapping ways in which these harms may be occurring, we’ve designed a survey for experiences of extreme weather events that are affecting people across the world.
This is a citizen / community observation survey, open to anyone 18 years of age and older who wishes to contribute. Your descriptions will upload directly to an interactive map of the world that is publicly accessible on this website: https://blogs.ubc.ca/ecologiesofharmproject
Your participation is entirely voluntary, and you do not have to answer every question. If you do wish to participate, you do not need to record your name. You may contribute as many observations as you like!
Please share widely, and keep in mind that re-posting, “liking,” or “following,” will be visible to others on public network platforms.
Link to survey: https://arcg.is/fvO4G0
Principal Investigator: Dr. Leslie Robertson
Relevant answer
Answer
indeed very interesting
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
8 answers
Copyright issues are a secondary concern as their principal application will fall under the terms of 'fair use'
Relevant answer
Answer
You may use Google Earth Pro or Arc Earth.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
6 answers
Any recommendations for a good "Research Methods" textbook suitable for Geography undergraduates? Which textbooks do you like? Or any recommendations for open source online research methods textbooks?
Relevant answer
Answer
There are a number of excellent references. Take for example:
Cohen, L., Manion, L., and Morrison, K. (2011, 7th edn.). Research Methods in Education (7th edn.), London: Routledge
Connolly, P. (2007). Quantitative Data Analysis in Education: a Critical Introduction Using SPSS, London; New York: Routledge.
Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research (4th edn.), Boston: Pearson.
Creswell, J. W. (2009) Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and mixed methods Approach. Los Angeles, Calif; London: Sage
Denscombe, M. (2014). The Good Research Guide: For Small Scare Social Research Projects (5th edn). McGraw-Hill.
Morgan, D. L. & Nica, A. (2020). Iterative Thematic Inquiry: A New Method for Analyzing Qualitative Data. (2020). International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 19, 1-11.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
6 answers
Dear colleagues,
Does anyone know if there is any rainfall threshold (mm/year, month or day, etc.) for a city to be considered "rainy" or "very rainy"? Or the rainfall intensity thresholds (weak, moderate, heavy, etc.)? Are there any international standards, for example from ISO or another institution? If there is a reference to support it, it will help better.
Ditto for wind speed thresholds (m/s or kt) for a place to be considered "windy". Does anyone know any references?
Thank you in advance for your attention.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Christiano,
The concept of Precipitation Concentration is crucial to understand the spatial and temporal patterns of precipitations. Many authors define thresholds which mostly converge: the most common (you can find in the following open access article) are :
Wet day: >= 1mm/day
Heavy wet day: >= 10mm/day
Extreme wet day: >= 50mm/day
Best regards,
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
113 answers
-
Relevant answer
Answer
Mendeley and EndNote
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
9 answers
Dear Researchers,
In the remote sensing application to a volcanic activity wherein, the objective is to determine the temperature, which portion (more specifically the range) of the EM spectrum can detect the electromagnetic emissions of hot volcanic surfaces (which are a function of the temperature and emissivity of the surface and can achieve temperature as high as 1000°C)? Why?
Sincerely,
Aman Srivastava
Relevant answer
Answer
8-15
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
2 answers
I can think of geography when trying to find the top peak or the lowest valley.
What else in our physical world or perception that can relate to this concept?
Like waves also have so many local optimums ...
Also related are covex set rule
that all end points have to be connected? Is this something from biology?
Recent view from DeepLearning on the switch to saddle points rather than global optimums ...
(298) The Problem of Local Optima (C2W3L10) - YouTube
Relevant answer
Answer
My regards first of all Congratulations, very interesting question, Thank you Please recommend items
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
14 answers
Any field 
Relevant answer
Answer
Arcmap.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
3 answers
Geomorphology, Geography, Geology and Coastal
Relevant answer
Answer
Desiree Beaudry , Mostly he need to download the pdf copy of the article. Arun Kumar K C already give him what he need.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
32 answers
I am looking for feedback from English language learners who have developed their language skills through the fields of Cartography/Geography.
Relevant answer
Answer
Long ago, I was a polish kid with an open mind and a wish for learning new things about the world. I was always curious about distant places and exotic lands. I love maps and atlases. They are very useful tool, especialy at school, but they also bring so much joy for young readers. I cherish many beautifuly ilustrated books and encyclopedias given to me by my mum. She hoped to spark in me intrest to learn and to think about our world, its problems and hidden treasures. I enjoyed learning English too in my early childhood. Sometimes I enjoyed it much more than learning about my mother tongue! At some time, I was given a lesson by my Godmother to folow my personal interests by using English language. She said - "Do what you want, and read what you want, but read it in English!" And that's a secret. This is how I polish my English right now. I have still much to learn thow. I also keen on Tolkien and his works. He was a linguist, and he created magnificent world resembling one of my favourite epochs in history, the transistion time between Late Antiquity and so called Dark Ages. He introduced me to a world of ancient ethymologies, roots of words, and forgotten meanings. The marvelous odyssey of early germanic peoples, Saxons, Jutes and Angles seeking new home in Auld land of Brittania. From humble origins, as pirates, mercenaries and auxilaries from today Niedersachsen and Denmark, they have established petty kingdoms and so called English Heptarchy, and then, they have experienced truly heroic period led by Alfred the Great repelling pagan invasions. Gradually they united and developed their civilisation with a little help of the Normans :) Their world was transforming, jus as their language, reciving another wave of new words of romance origin. It is so fascinating! Now lets talk about a couple of words wich still retain their archaic meaning. Oxford for example, the name implies it was a river crossing. We have many place names ending with -shire, or -borough. Such words can tell us much about old administrative systems. We have place names with endings like -by, or -ville. We can see clearly that they have a foreign origin, Viking and Norman respectively. Lets talk about Newfoundland - it is so obvious it doesn't need any explanation at all. I could add many more examples. To sum up, there are plenty of reasons why Geography can help us understand language and culture of particular country. I hope my way too long text was just a little bit helpful to You. God bless You and stay healthy!
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
6 answers
Dear all,
I am new in the Mobility of populations movement, coming up with 2 questions:
1. What is the definition of Mobility and Migration in terms of populations movement? What are their differences in Geography and Anthropology?
2. What are the common or well-known conceptual and analytical frameworks and theories for the study at micro and macro levels?
Thanks in advance,
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Li, as per your question, The term "geographic mobility" refers to how people and goods travel over time. A measure that tracks movement within a country is known as geographic mobility, population mobility, or simply mobility. It's a term that's commonly used in demography and population studies to describe the movement of populations between spaces. These relocations may be as big as foreign relocations. Mobility is mostly temporary in nature.
While migration is the movement of people between regions or countries. It is the process of changing's one place of residence and permanently living from a region or a country. According to the UN Demographic dictionary " Migration is such an event in which people move from one geographical area to another area. When people leaving their place of residence and go to live permanently in another area is called migration". It may be temporary or permanent with intentions of returning to the place of origin in future.
For your further clarification attaching some reference below,
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
4 answers
I'm interesting in know the periods during the Miocene where the Balearic Islands could have been submerged and, the periods (before the Messinian) where the islands could have been connected to the Iberian Peninsula.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
3 answers
Lahore Journal of Policy Studies
Special Issue on Covid-19
Call for Papers
Dear Sir/Madam
We intend to take out the next issue of the Lahore Journal of Policy Studies on Covid-19. The novel Coronavirus has come as a major calamity out of the blue leading to a sudden economic halt across the world. There had been other pandemics earlier but the response was never so severe, widespread and universal. The Third World acted largely on the basis of scientific predictions and policies originating in Developed Countries without any policy based on locally grounded scientific/medical knowledge. With the high death rate reported from Italy and Spain followed in a couple of months by even higher deaths in US and UK the world was terrorized. The fast pace of statistics did not allow for a cool headed debate and reflection nor did people have any facts on which to develop some degree of understanding and make an opinion. Except for a few critical special publications, the media has been more interested in statistical reporting than any critical analyses. With the passage of time many riddles and paradoxes, have come to the fore and call for reflection. There is need to explore these riddles and paradoxes because many revelations are likely to come out of these. For instance,
· Why have there been far more deaths in the prosperous and highly developed countries of US and Britain than in the countries of the Third World
· Why have there been far more deaths in the urban areas which have more awareness and healthcare facilities compared to the backward rural areas
· Is the pandemic primarily a medical issue to be dealt with by doctors or a socioecological issue to be dealt with through political debate and policy
· What has been our experience of pandemics in the past. In India whether it was bubonic plague, Spanish flu or smallpox, in each instance the epidemic continued for many decades. What communities and what geographies were affected. What conditions brought the disease under control
· What was the role of vaccines in ending the pandemics
· What was the relation of poverty to the number of deaths and why? Was it because of hygiene or was it because of food and healthcare
· What is the relationship between our economic goals of productivity and development and the onset of disease
· Industrial agriculture including deforestation, monocultures, genetic selection and animal feed lots have greatly increased production. What is its relationship with the pandemics
· The growth of giant cities in the Third World has created new environment for the spread of disease. Why has this aspect not been highlighted in the coronavirus debate
· What is the role of globalization of commodity production, services and people in the generation and spread of pandemics
· Where has this virus come from? Has the frequency of deadly viruses like Ebola, MERS, SARS, Corona, H1N1 increased in the past few decades? Is there any common process of generation between them
· How has the pandemic changed the ecologies of work such as education, commerce, health, entertainment and hospitality
· The impact of the lockdowns on gender inequality
You may choose a topic or write generally about the impact and origin of the disease.
Submission of abstracts 31st August 2020
Submission of final papers 31st October 2020
Whatever contributions we receive by the end of October 2020 will pass through a process of refereeing before they are accepted.
Please mail queries and abstracts to rabianadir@gmail.com
Rabia Nadir
Editor, Special Issue
Lahore Journal of Policy Studies
Note: The Lahore Journal of Policy Studies is a refereed journal. The journal has a broad scope, covering national, regional and international political, economic, social and cultural issues of immediate relevance to public policy. It aims to be a forum for significant new ideas and seeks to challenge thinkers and intellectuals to policy debate. It is neither a journalistic magazine nor an overly technical one. Rather, it is a scholarly journal containing provocative, thoughtful, but well-researched writings with an educated and discerning readership in mind. It seeks originality and rigour of argument. The selection of papers will be based on topicality, originality, clarity, the extent to which they advance knowledge, understanding and application and their likely contribution towards inspiring further development, research and debate.
Relevant answer
Answer
is it under Scopus index?
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
4 answers
What are the major differences between philosophy and methodology in geography
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
3 answers
Hi I am currently doing a geography dissertation studying the representation of future space in climate fiction films thinking about ideas of capitalist hegemony and power inequalities in reference to gender and race. In terms of methodology im confused about the difference between textual and visual analysis (texts, at least in geography referring to pretty much everything), are they the same or is one better at analysing different aspects. Further in terms of actually carrying out the analysis how should my results be presented as due to it being on films i can't include parts of the film itself.
thanks
Relevant answer
Answer
You are quite right about "textual" and "visual" - one would usually consider the film as a text to include both its verbal and visual elements. In this sense and in lieu of further information, I would consider visual analysis as a subcategory of textual analysis, where the former focuses on the visual elements of the film alone and the latter on the visual, verbal, and narrative elements.
With respect to how to carry out and write the analysis, I usually begin by distinguishing between film form from film content and then describe either the overall structure of the film or specific shots, sequences, or scenes. There is an example using a novel, television series, and feature film here:
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
5 answers
I'm working in the broad field of political ecology and I'm currently co-authoring an article about the social-ecological consequences of the digital economy (material anchor, territorialities, conflicts). I'm therefore looking for literature about the digital economy I might have missed so far. I'm pleased about all suggestions. Many thanks in advance!
Relevant answer
Answer
Felix Malte Dorn NFCC & HMPP
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
3 answers
Hi colleague researchers!
I've been preparing research on Digital twin and machine learning adoption at retail/wholesale companies. But it appears that ML is applicable in a limited number of operations, in reality. Such as demand forecasting in category management. In your experience what is the situation in the industry?
Geography of my data source is Central Asia and Former Soviet Union countries.
I am also open for joint research in this field.
Regards,
Askar
Relevant answer
Answer
Many many congratulations. Really a very good topic of research.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
10 answers
Dear respectful community researchers,
I am interested to find out the impact of Institution, Geography, and Trade on Economic Development of a single country.
I do know that for several countries' analysis, researchers mostly used the Hausmann and Taylor (1981) model to find the impact. Unfortunately, I have no idea if any model exists to be suitable to execute on a single country.
I am very much looking forward to hearing from you.
Thank you so much indeed
Best Regards,
Abdul Rahim
Relevant answer
Answer
To devleop these type of models on a single country, you have to start your study by a strong motivation to convince the reader why you do such a work on a single country. This has its limitations.
normally, we these type of questions Gravity models to be applied and Dynamic Panel data models for robustness.
As you are facing a single country, consult time series tools: Cointegration, ARDL, NARDL or VECM
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
4 answers
I am conducting a state-of-the-art analysis of these concepts. If you have contributions, please, send me.
Relevant answer
Answer
Jose Gilberto Souza as attached.
Good luck.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
6 answers
i have french B1 as my advantageous criteria. i am interested in finding an internship for the year 2020 in these fields, i have a 3 year degree and a fresh graduate. please help.
Relevant answer
Answer
Just volunteer, after a year they'll recognize you thn start by giving travel allowance then after get you a permanent job, one thing you need to bear in mind it will take time be patient
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
37 answers
Do you like to watch the National Geography channel and why?
Relevant answer
Answer
Yes, it is a comprehensive channel..
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
12 answers
Need to be more involve in my area of interest
Relevant answer
Answer
GIS Users conference, San Diego.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
15 answers
ArcGIS Desktop
Relevant answer
Answer
Understand science first, then application to systems, then keep using.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
5 answers
We are living in a world that sometimes two brothers or sisters may not understand each other. In such a situation, a number of historical records, literature phrases, and similar subjects may get confused or misused.
The question is here how physics may solve those kinds of difficulties.
Relevant answer
Answer
Sure. For example, the emissions of night lights maps contribute to an understanding of the geographic distribution of the population. The spectral emissions based on physical foundations.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
17 answers
What spatial tools can be used to analyze the spread of the new coronavirus? What models can be adopted and what spatial epidemiology can be used to study the spread across the globe. Many thanks for your contribution.
Relevant answer
Answer
Time series map is a good choice for mapping Covid-19 (or Covid-20 ??) development and changes.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
11 answers
Are geographic information systems a science or tool ?
Relevant answer
Answer
Geographic information systems are the most suitable environment for doing geographical analysis. It is a tool that developed from the geography departments.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
8 answers
Dear All,
I need the bathymetric data of the Persian Gulf in a text format (x,y,z.txt). Does anybody have these data to help me?
Regards;
Relevant answer
Answer
Pooyan,
Our paper will be published soon. It may be helpful for you.
Best wishes.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
71 answers
Given the two following patterns: the left or the right, which one is more beautiful than another?
Relevant answer
Answer
Left.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
20 answers
Sediment is relatively younger than the soil in the depositional environment as the sediments are consequence of the accretion of particles transported either by waters or by winds, whereas, soil profile is stable lacking any sort of movement. Soil profile is developed with time span which is a stable one, but the movement of the sediment particles developed those soil profiles in so many physiographic set up, are they (soils and Sediments) differed chemically, do they possess different chemical environment?
Relevant answer
Answer
yes its do it
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
7 answers
Geography has always been seen as a classical subject and rarely been linked to realised socio-economic development, or community’s problem-solving. The literature is scarce about the role of geography in overcoming challenges.
Here is however, one introductory paper for further readings
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you very much Mohamed Buheji for the interesting question. I take the liberty of synthesizing Zagir Ataev 's great contribution - please correct my misconceptions -, "...geography provides an interrelated knowledge of nature, population, economy and the relationships between them, both of the country as a whole and of its individual regions, necessary for a wide variety of development problems in any country... I don't think there would be many more to add.
I add other questions in line with Mohamed Buheji 's: What are the theoretical economic frameworks present in the different spatial theories of geography or the so-called "new economic geography"? Do their contributions to socio-economic development go beyond merely identifying problems, such as determining economic potentialities, measuring socio-economic imbalances at the spatial level, among other contributions? We are waiting for contributions from colleagues who are working on these issues, to deepen.
Thank you very much.
Greetings
Fernando (From Argentina)
Muchas gracias Mohamed por la interesante pregunta. Me tomo el atrevimiento de sintetizar el gran aporte de Zagir –por favor corríjame mis equívocos–, “…la geografía proporciona un conocimiento interrelacionado de la naturaleza, la población, la economía y las relaciones entre ellas, tanto del país en su conjunto como de sus regiones individuales, necesarios para una amplia variedad de problemas de desarrollo en cualquier país…”. Creo que no habría muchas más que agregar.
Sumo otras preguntas en línea a la de Zagir: ¿Cuáles son los marcos teóricos económicos presentes en las diferentes teorías espaciales de la geografía o la denominada “nueva geografía económica”? ¿En sus aportes al desarrollo socioeconómico se traspasa la mera identificación de problemas, como por ejemplo determinar las potencialidades económicas, medición de los desequilibrios socioeconómicos a nivel espacial, entre otros aportes? Esperamos los aportes de colegas que estén trabajando estos temas, para profundizar.
Muchas gracias
Saludos
Fernando (desde argentina)
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
4 answers
As an electoral geographer I often present various electoral maps. I would like to create some contiguous cartograms in ArcGIS software but I have problems to find any geoprocessing tool that will work. If you have any advice for me I would be very greatful.
Thank you for your answers.
Best regards,
Radek
Relevant answer
Answer
A free tool can be found here:
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
8 answers
The aim is to get acquainted with the field and conduct a literature review. While South East Asia (and particularly India) are of most relevance but I want to learn the main theories in the field of youth sociology. I've been coming across a lot of work from geography but need guidance re work from sociology discipline at the moment. Appreciate your help!
Relevant answer
The early writings on "Youth Sociology" focused on the dangers related to the repercussions of class, culture, and production methods adopted by the State, until it turned today towards influential youth groups and the role of youth in the development of local societies. Among the most prominent writers in this field are:
1- Christine Barrett
2- Steven Roberts
3- Catherine Waite
4- David Hickman
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
3 answers
I am particularly interested in conceptual literature and pieces of research that aim at advancing the human geographic debate on (local) climate governance. Thank you very much!
Relevant answer
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
24 answers
It is about how various components of or methods in geography can play a role in dealing with Covid-19.
Relevant answer
Answer
There are many aspects that geography deals with regarding COVID-19.
As a physical geographer, we may track the changes and patterns of some satellite-derived air quality variables such as NO2 above cities.
For human geography, mapping COVID-19 causes and analyze them spatially is one of the clearer roles.
Hope this gives an idea about some roles.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
21 answers
Please give your opinion and suggestions
Relevant answer
Answer
There are many aspects that geography deals with regarding COVID-19.
As a physical geographer, we may track the changes and patterns of some satellite-derived air quality variables such as NO2 above cities.
For human geography, mapping COVID-19 causes and analyze them spatially is one of the clearer roles.
Hope this gives an idea about some roles.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
21 answers
Our American educational system is a disaster for most students. Many graduate or drop out of school, feeling little sense of self-realization. This is because traditional schooling typically requires a set curriculum with only two alternatives - college preparatory or learning practical skills. And progress through the curriculum proceeds like a clock with the students in lockstep. Student achievement is measured with letter grades: A - F.
As a result, too many of our citizens have little interest in science, world geography, economics, politics, the fine arts, etc. They are primarily interested in making money, being entertained, professional sports, having the latest e-gadgets, etc.
If our schools could make the educational experience relevant to each student's interests, propensities, and talents, Many of these, otherwise, lost students would become more intrinsically motivated to learn and would enjoy the experience. This kind of learning stays with you all of your life.
With the nova coronavirus plaguing us, we are now forced to teach classes via the internet. Surprisingly, this allows for more one-on-one communication between student and teacher. It also can allow for virtual classrooms, where students can be virtually grouped together (regardless of where each one may be physically located - across the room or across the state) according to their rate of learning and their interests. A teacher for a particular grouping can tailor the lessons on her/his students' pace, needs, and level of abstraction/concreteness.
This may be the start of the needed reform for our schools.
Relevant answer
Answer
Theresa Canada
I too would love to participate in your essay/book project if it covers education in Africa.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
11 answers
I start working on research about international air transportation and the spread of COVID-19, and I need urgently the network of global Airlines.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks all, I got it from https://openflights.org/data.html
and I created a database of Air transport.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
10 answers
Please suggest some journal (minimum scopus) for publication of a paper on "locational geography of industrial cluster and socioeconomic status of rural households"
Thanks
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi, to be more specific, when you are searching for journals, you need to identify three unique areas; discipline, sector, country and publishing costs. In this case, It is a bit hard to direct you to a specific journal because it is a general title that could be in any discipline, that is why I suggested journals that could be interested in this paper. But I hope these links help for a start.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
7 answers
Identity is a complicated state of human existence, many issues participate in creating it. Cultures, languages, gender, geography and etc.language is a way to distinguish one’s national and cultural identity, but also there are many the speak different language from their actual cultural and national identity.
Relevant answer
Answer
In my research, language is the very basis for being, as everything exists only in language. Without a written, or notated, universal language of music, that music could never travel more that between tribal members, and even then could not be reproduced in original form without notation. The same applies to law, government, economics: everything is embedded in it's own unusual language. And culture is ONLY contained in language. As dictators have demonstrated throughout time, to quickly destroy a culture, first ban its language. And individually, in terms of consciousness, we exist as a series of stories that collectively form our understanding of self. Read Gadamer, who encapsulates this with: "We language ourselves into being".
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
19 answers
I know there are longer un-dammed rivers open to the ocean in Alaska and British Columbia. I also know there are longer un-dammed rivers in the contiguous 48 United States, but they are not open to the ocean (e.g. the Yellowstone, which joins the Missouri, which is dammed). The Delaware River has no dams on the 330 mile long mainstem, and opens to the Atlantic Ocean.
Relevant answer
Answer
Andrew L. Rypel , Douglas A. Burns Thank you for your responses! My bold challenge got some attention and good information! This has been an interesting exploration of free-flowing rivers and I've learned from it!
I admit I'd like to champion the Delaware River because 3/4 of the non-tidal Delaware River is designated "Scenic and Recreational" under the Wild & Scenic Rivers Act, administered by the National Park Service for which I work, and it has very good populations of diadromous fishes that freely migrate through the entire mainstem.
However, I also have to admit there are some low-head dams on it, and several major dams/reservoirs on major tributaries that compromise it's "free-flowing" quality. So I have to rescind my bold claim. But that's o.k. It's still a great river that deserves more appreciation. Some of that seems to be coming: American Rivers just designated the Delaware River the River of the Year!
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
5 answers
I am a psychologist interested in getting a single number to quantify "flattening the curve"---one value for each of 50 geographical areas (states) in the USA. For my purposes, I want to know which states are doing a better job of "flattening the curve". Perhaps epidemiologists or biostatisticians could help. Not interested in qualitative analytics--just need a number for each state (or, better still, a formula that can be applied to each state). Thanks.
Relevant answer
Answer
This pandemic is an urban disease. It is currently in process of diffusing into rural areas. As time passes, the prevalence of the disease will increase disproportionately in rural areas. You might consider using Standard Metropolitan areas as your regions for analysis. Nationwide these areas have the advantage of crossing state lines, just as settled areas do. This process can be observed in Washington State: Seattle and the Puget Sound region has a nicely flattening curve while the state as a whole is not so blessed.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
3 answers
Hi everyone, I am using ENVI to analyze landsat footage of the Great Barrier Reef to analyze the change in coral health from 1990-2017. I am trying to analyze the coral bleaching trends, sea surface temperatures, and turbidity as variables. I have figured out temperature but does anyone know how to allocate software or know how I can modify my landsat files to view these variables? I also have this website https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/satellite/hdf/index.php , with available FTP (.nc) files but do not know how to convert this into something readable by ENVI. I am fairly new to ENVI so any help is appreciated. Thank you.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Trevor,
FTP (.nc) files (or NetCDF) can be converted into a raster file using ArcGIS if you have access to that (see https://desktop.arcgis.com/en/arcmap/10.3/manage-data/netcdf/exercise-1-displaying-a-raster-layer-from-a-netcdf-file.htm#ESRI_SECTION1_EBF9F2717E9D4349B7173EE7EF23A893). Once you convert the netCDF to raster you should be able to import it into ENVI.
There are also ways to do this with QGIS (see http://www.ggiuliani.ch/download/netcdf_qgis_GG.pdf).
I hope this helps.
Best,
Dylan
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
4 answers
Hello everyone
I am currently a master student in Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli University, Department of Geography, studying Physical Geography. My main areas of expertise are; İn additıon to geographical analysis, plant geography, data mining, map reduce and hadoop systems, land planning, plant taxonomy, I have been working on social media analytics and social media applications and analysis, social media and geography education in scientific and technical terms. But my main focus is on "Data Mining and Plant Geography modeling". I have a technical research article on this topic in my Research gate research account as full text. Study name "Creatıon of Plant Geography Databases Wıth The Map Reduce Modelıng ın The Clusterıng of the Large Geographıcal Data Sets". This study my Map Reduce and Hadoop systems and algorithms addition to data mining, GIS, plant geography research methods - techniques and various international plant databases, taking advantage of biological databases in Turkey and vegetatıon carried out ın the world, plant geography and so on. I tried to develop a new database model with this latest work that will contribute to the fields. In conclusion, I would especially like to listen and take advantage of the ideas and opinions of my colleagues and teachers working on data mining and geography, plant geography or vegetation, especially among geographers. Thanks to everyone who contributed in advance. Sincereley.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
8 answers
In india interstate migration is there but lack of proper data and methodology. plz guide this issue
Relevant answer
Answer
The number of internal migrants in India was 450 million as per the most recent 2011 census. This is an increase of 45% over the 309 million recorded in 2001. This far exceeds the population growth rate of 18% across 2001-2011. Internal migrants as a percentage of population increased from 30% in 2001 to 37% in 2011
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
12 answers
Dear all,
Do you know food, human geography or rural development journals that accept short papers (below 4,000 words)? Thank you, Best!
Relevant answer
Answer
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
5 answers
I know most of the 3D file types used in VR but I could be missing out on some that are more commonly used and would like to see what others are using. Also any ideas on what file types relating to sound tracks including more than 2 channels? Would like to see any suggested file type used for any VR application. This is for a geography project that would include multiple scientific data sets.
Relevant answer
Answer
In addition to the obvious (obj, fbx, wav, jpeg, png, etc) there are some uniquely VR formats.
Point cloud data ( ASCII (TXT, XYZ, PTS) and LAS ).
Volumetric video VFF, 3DZ, VMF, 4DS, UVF, etc
As for the audio fmod or wwise will be your most useful tools to mix spatial audio with multiple tracks in VR.
In the end these all boil down to your choice of capture technology. But the basic obj fbx wav files will probably be used in all projects.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
3 answers
In some countries around the world, we have observed that people living in difficult regions have managed to gain the upper hand over other people blessed by nature.
Relevant answer
Answer
Agreeing with Benedikt M. Orlowski , the errors associated with environmental determinism must be carefully avoided; however, humanity would be remised to not include the negative impacts climate change scaling up through Maslow's Hierarchy (especially learning). Now, if we could control for all the complexity of Earth processes we would find that socioeconomic well-being is certainly impacted by climate, latitudinal gradients, land cover, and of course natural resources.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
3 answers
I've never used this function, so let's see how this works... I am looking for suggestions on where to begin a dive into critical literature on geographies of violence, namely in relation to spaces of state violence...
Relevant answer
Answer
I am doing some research about the world's distribution of terrorism events as my term paper, getting data from Global Terrorism Database (GTD) built up by university of maryland, and the website is: https://www.start.umd.edu/gtd/
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
2 answers
me interesa mucho esto de la microcartografía porque trabajo con escalas. y porque hay cosas que me parecieron muy interesantes para darles otro planteamiento espacial a lo que ví en el campo.
estoy en posgrado cela unam trabajando con el instituto de geografía la tesis y con cialc.
ustedes dónde se ubican?
Relevant answer
Answer
please write in English...
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
13 answers
At my faculty we are going to start the project on spatial development of the areas surrounding urban hotels. The analysis need to be spatially limited. Thus, we would like to limit the area of the research into the radius of "close walking distance" from the hotel. Hence, we need the definition of "close walking distance". I appreciate your ideas of requested definition or suggestions of papers presenting or discussing this definition. Thank you in advance.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you all or suggestions and comments. After discussion, we’ve already decided to select 300m buffer (less than 5 min easy walk) for the definition of close walking distance. We agreed with the concept presented in EU handbook entitled “European Common Indicators: Towards a Local Sustainability Profile” and some other papers where the accessibility of green areas in European context is widely discussed. As we don’t have any data on hotel guests, we cannot predefine pedestrian types to be considered as Robert Bartlett suggested. However, the investigation of walking distance definition from the perspective of hotel guest seems to be interesting from the perspective of both academia and hotel industry. What is the perception of close walking distance by people of different age or family status (suggestion of David Berrigan), with different disabilities (if occur), in different spatial (e.g. urban or rural) and temporal contexts, in different climate conditions as Aryan Shahabian suggested? This is a serious question we should address when doing next research project. Thank you for inspirational discussion.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
30 answers
A colleague is currently drafting her thesis proposal.
The aim of the thesis would be comparing the pedagogical effectiveness of traditional map reading in the geography classroom, versus 'digital' map reading tools. Some examples of 'digital' map reading tools could be google maps, augmented reality apps, or virtual reality 'field trips'.
Ideally, she would be conducting her research in Irish secondary schools, but she is willing to consider case studies from other countries.
Relevant answer
Answer
They are improving students' map reading skills. A combination of both the digital map reading tools and the traditional method will definitely be more effective.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
8 answers
I have been asked to compose a writeup of identity as it pertains in human geography, to identify the key theories, thinkers, and current directions. Suggestions of key literature would be very much welcome.
Relevant answer
Answer
The following text is from a research on Geography and Identity, in the conception of the school geography.
The place and the construction of identity (O Lugar e a construção da identidade).
The text is in Portuguese, but nothing that Google Translate can not help.
Regards,
Fábio.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
3 answers
Coastal management is a topic that has been much debated around the world in the last two decades, in view of the need to organize our coastal areas. In view of this context, I ask if the countries of South America present governmental programs of Coastal Management.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Fabio
Could be this information help you about Colombia: Ley 1450 de 2011, decreto 1120 del 31 de mayo de 2013: http://www.minambiente.gov.co/index.php/component/content/article/116-ordenamiento-manejo-integrado-costero-y-marino
Best regards.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
4 answers
Making many High Skyscraper is Dangers for rotations and spinning of the Earth ? Do Scientists and Engineer have any idea in this regard ? The world becoming densely populated day by day and skyscrapers become more on the earth as Energy of the Earth remain same like we are transferring Mass from other places to a place in well organized manner. Is this affect the Earth Rotation And Revolution ?
Relevant answer
Answer
it is a very intresting question, the key is that the sum of the angular momentum (push) of the solid Earth plus atmosphere system must stay constant unless an outside force (torque) is applied,” Salstein said. “So if the atmosphere speeds up (stronger westerly winds) then the solid Earth must slow down (length-of-day increases).Also if more atmosphere moves to a lower latitude (further from the axis of rotation), and atmospheric pressure increases, it also gains angular momentum and the Earth would slow down as well.
Regarding this, it can definitely be true, but! I don't think that it is that much noticeable for being worried about it right now!
btw, thank you for such a nice challenging question!
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
10 answers
Advertisements of same product vary with countries and communities. I want to know such factors, obligations, impacts etc.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you very much Bryan Higgins and Srini Vasan
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
5 answers
West Malaysia consists of 11 states and 2 Federal territories. I propose to conduct an epidemiological study in 6 states. I want to show the selected states on a Map. Please I need help with ideas on how to present the desired information.
Thank you.
Relevant answer
Answer
First download Malaysia from DIVA GIS. Then open QGIS (you can download it) and click on "add vector layer" and browse the country's map. Then click on "select feature" and pressing "Ctrl", select all the states you want to show on your map. Then click on vector and select " geoprocessing tools" and then click "clip". Then select the appropriate layers from the list. And click at the last dropbox to create temporary layer and click "run". Then right click on the already created layers panel and click "property" and then "labels". From the dropbox select " show labels for this layer" . Then select the appropriate names from the "label with" and click "ok". You will get the states with their name. Then continue exercising.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
14 answers
Geography teachers in the context of interdisciplinary cooperation, which branch teachers should cooperate more?
Relevant answer
Answer
What an interesting project! I love working with children's drawings to collect information on geographic knowledge. Have you published any articles about your Geography and Foreign Languages work for me to read?
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
3 answers
Hi, I'm developing my PhD in Geography using Minecraft. I'd like to know if it's possible to use your plugin and platform on my experiments. Thank you in advance!
Relevant answer
Answer
of course you can do it best your observation--hand of hand experience
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
7 answers
Properly defined terms can help scientists communicate more effectively and efficiently.
Often, writers uses terminology based on their own concepts and preferences. As a result, the search used to interpret a particular topic may contain different (direct or metaphorical) conventions that certainly affect the linguistic and legal meaning of the search ...
Using specific terms may mitigate the risk of using erroneous terms, which can greatly affect translation.
But how do we guide writers to use standardized terminology at the global level, especially when translating research or rhetoric?
Relevant answer
Answer
Adil Salhi, this is a fascinating topic and the source of much frustration. I recently read a paper that specifically addresses this topic in the field of psychology where the use of the correct term can be critical for a questionnaire or professional report. I would be curious to hear your reaction. https://www.aclang.com/blog/is-there-inherent-bias-in/
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
3 answers
How can assemblage thinking be used to explain retail geography of students?
I will like to know how assemblage thinking can be used to explain students shopping pattern.
Relevant answer
Answer
I am very grateful George S Spais .
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
6 answers
The studies show that geography plays an important role in getting Multiple Sclerosis. For example the percentage of the people suffering from MS is higher in Northern European countries.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Abbasi,
Please you write in google in form "canbay MS, canbay Faroe, canbay radiologically, canbay is not, canbay cytokine, canbay the essential" , you can find answers to your question. Good studies.
Cahit Canbay
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
12 answers
Hello everyone,
For a projet, I need a few devices: GPS, photo camera, phone. I thought I could buy one device that would gather all of this instead of 3 (for money and sustainability issues) : a smartphone.
- How accurate are smartphones GPS nowadays compared to scientific GPS ? If they are, which specifications should I look for ? Is GPS+GLONASS necessary ?
- Are there smartphone brands/devices that are better than others for that?
- which apps are the best to record and read mapping data ? I'd like to record "ways" and "points"
Thank you in advance !
PS: I'm in a tropical environment. A water/dustproof device would be perfect.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello Loris,
I think that the first question that you need to answer is, what is the accuracy needed for your project. I know, the higher the better, but this is true only if your funds are unlimited.
First thing to consider is the device. I'm big fan of smartphones, but from my point of view, there are two significant drawback. First - primitive antenna. Due to miniaturization in cell phones they use primitive patch antennas, which cannot mitigate negative effects (multi-path etc.). Second - no differential corrections. In order to achieve centimeter or even decimeter accuracy you need differential corrections between two GNSS receivers (currently this is often solved using permanent observational services). However, until recently, smartphones did not provide raw data needed for such calculations. Now this is changing, but the data could be still insufficient due to poor antena design. From my point of view, if you'd omit smartphones, you can also omit recreational-grade and mapping-grade receivers without differential corrections (as these give you slightly higher accuracy for significantly higher price). Then, your next choice are mapping- and survey-grade receivers with corrections, but you need several thousands of Euros.
Second thing - measurement method. In principle, you can go kinematic or static. If you need real-time positioning, don't expect very high accuracy, especially with lower grade equipment. Measurement conditions are also crucial. Currently we are evaluating measurements with a survey-grade receiver. With 15 seconds observation time, we can achieve few centimeters under open area conditions, but almost 1.5m in forest...
Regarding smartphone GNSS accuracy, we tested several smartphones under open area and in forest (both leaf-on and leaf-off). The accuracy in forest was between 5-10m, while ~3m in the open area. Study is available here
It's already a bit outdated, but perhaps it can give you some insight.
Other studies are available here:
Regarding software, if you are using Android OS, I consider the Locus Map (https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=menion.android.locus&hl=en_US) the most versatile GNSS software. You can record track and points (also with text, audio or photo attachments), use various maps etc. The drawback is that Locus Map does not support GIS shapefile layers. If you need these, you can try Locus GIS or mobile QGIS.
If you need water/dustproof device, go for higher grade phone. Most flagships have some degree of it. If you need rugged phone, you can try Samsung Galaxy Xcover, CAT, or perhaps some chinnese brands.
Regarding multiconstalation device - in theory, more satellites= better position. I think that currently you will have problems to find a phone without at least GLONASS. New high-end chipsets support also Galileo, Beidou, QZSS.
In terms of brands and devices, I don't think that it would be possible to generalize and prefer one over the other. Just make a market research, search for user experiences, buy one and, most importantly, test it yourself. I think that this is crucial condition if you want to be "scientific". Even the same device with e.g. another OS update could achieve different accuracy.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
9 answers
Earth is one of the oldest and most widely used building materials worldwide. Do you know of any reliable studies on the maximum density and bearing capacity of rammed earth (tapial) technique?
I am specially interested in informatinos about Peru.
Relevant answer
Answer
Please check reference below.. hope it will be helpful for you… Regards…
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
3 answers
Why? You might ask … We are currently developing an index with several socioeconomic indicators (e.g., income, education, employment, etc.). The basic idea is to conduct a regression analysis for each indicator with geography (e.g., province) as a key independent variable. Then we want to take the average across all indicator scores (e.g., standardized betas) and rank-order these scores according to geography (e.g., 1 to 10 scale for ten provinces).
The issue we encounter is that some of our regression analysis are based on linear scales (i.e., income) whereas other measures are based on binary scales (e.g., unemployed or employed). We would use linear regression for income and logistic regression for employment status. Thus the results are interpreted differently (coefficients vs. odds ratios) and are on different scales. Prior to averaging these scores across indicators, we want to transform the values to all be on the same scale. We can do this using the min-max normalization procedure so that all indicators values fall on the same scale (0,1). But is this appropriate? Is there a better alternative?
Relevant answer
Answer
What about standardised coefficients in logistic regression?
I would also try linear regressions for those dichotomous variables to get standardised coefficients.
Anyway each of these suggestions would have their own cons.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
16 answers
I would like to create an online digital map guide of the urban, social and economic characteristics of an area with a significant historical heritage. I will be very grateful for your contributions in terms of ideas, proposals, bibliography, examples of feild sheets, operational modes, GIS online ...
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you @Julien Gloanec for your answer. Actually, we intend to know how to map the historical heritage, not the public health issues. Regards
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
19 answers
Do any researcher know or have tried any method to map intangible heritage?
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello Adil,
Great suggestion by Dr. Yadollahi!
Dr Kramer´s suggestion about symbols is absolutely correct, ... using the appropriate symbols for your mapping, and defining them in a clear, non ambiguous manner is absolutely necessary for the map to communicate the spatial relations that your research has identified. Nothing is more frustrating than studying a map with symbols not explained by the keys. Said in another way, map symbols should have clear, absolute meanings.... spatial relations of these symbols will more than likely be subject to dynamic, sometimes fuzzy, contextual and even unclear meanings pending further data. Intangible heritage may have this kind of mapping characteristic... my humble advice, is for you not to worry too much about "getting it right" at once , but do look at the relations and re-examine them constantly,... spatial relations have a habit of lying hidden sometimes, until we ask the "right" question.
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
4 answers
In the light of the deep and accelerating economic and social transformations experienced by many emerging countries, is it appropriate to maintain the current methods of management, despite of the existing imbalances, or it would be rational to fellow new equitable approaches that take into consideration the natural therdshoulds (river basins and ecosystems) where wealth would be divided equitably between citizens with some kind of territorial solidarity.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you Joanna Gocłowska-Bolek for your answer. Here in North Africa we have the same observation. Kind regards
  • asked a question related to Geography
Question
2 answers
Plants have developed adaptations for different soil types, methods of pollination, daylight hours, temperature, altitude, competition with other plants. The list is endless, even two plants of the same species, separated by geography will have a different genetic make-up.
Relevant answer