Questions related to Geography
We know that the threshold value varies by geography. For the reason identifying this value is challenging and there is a considerable risk of identifying the incorrect value. That is why my primary goal is to precisely determine threshold value so that I can separate vegetations for a specific area from the rest of the landscape.
In my previous question I suggested using the Research Gate platform to launch large-scale spatio temporal comparative researches.
The following is the description of one of the problems of pressing importance for humanitarian and educational sectors.
For the last several decades there has been a gradual loss in quality of education on all its levels . We can observe that our universities are progressively turning into entertaining institutions, where students parties, musical and sport activities are valued higher than studying in a library or working on painstaking calculations.
In 1998 Vladimir Arnold (1937 – 2010), one of the greatest mathematicians of our times, in his article “Mathematical Innumeracy Scarier Than Inquisition Fires” (newspaper “Izvestia”, Moscow) stated that the power players didn’t need all the people to be able to think and analyze, only “cogs in machines,” serving their interests and business processes. He also wrote that American students didn’t know how to sum up simple fractions. Most of them sum up numerator and denominators of one simple fraction with the ones of the other, i.e. as they did it, 1/2+ 1/3 according to their understand is equal to 2/5 . Vladimir Arnold pointed out that with this kind of education, students can’t think, prove and reason – they are easy to turn into a crowd, to be easily manipulated by cunning politicians because they don’t usually understand causes and effects of political acts. I would add, for myself, that this process is quite understandable and expected because computers, internet and consumer society lifestyle (with its continuous rush for more and newer commodities we are induced to regard as a healthy behavior) have wiped off young people’s skills in elementary logic and eagerness to study hard. And this is exactly what the consumer economics and its bosses, the owners of international businesses and local magnates, need.
I recall a funny incident that happened in Kharkov (Ukraine). One Biology student was asked what “two squared” was. He answered that it was the number 2 inscribed into a square.
The level and the scale of education and intellectual decline described can be easily measured with the help of the Research Gate platform. It could be appropriate to test students’ logic abilities, instead of guess-the-answer tests which have taken over all the universities within the framework of Bologna Process which victorious march on the territories of former Soviet states. Many people can remember the fact that Soviet education system was one of the best in the world. I have therefore suggested the following tests:
1. In a Nikolai Bogdanov-Belsky (1868-1945) painting “Oral accounting at Rachinsky's People's school”(1895) one could see boys in a village school at a mental arithmetic lesson. Their teacher, Sergei Rachinsky (1833-1902), the school headmaster and also a professor at the Moscow University in the 1860s, offered the children the following exercise to do a mental calculation (http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:BogdanovBelsky_UstnySchet.jpg?uselang=ru):
(10 х 10 + 11 х 11 + 12 х 12 + 13 х 13 + 14 х 14) / 365 = ?
(there is no provision here on Research Gate to write square of the numbers,thats why I have writen through multiplication of the numbers )
19th century peasant children with basted shoes (“lapti”) were able to solve such task mentally. This year, in September, this very exercise was given to the senior high school pupils and the first year students of a university with major in Physics and Technology in Kyiv (the capital of Ukraine) and no one could solve it.
2. Exercise of a famous mathematician Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777–1855): to calculate mentally the sum of the first one hundred positive integers:
1+2+3+4+…+100 = ?
3. Albrecht Dürer’s (1471-1528) magic square (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magic_square)
The German Renaissance painter was amazed by the mathematical properties of the magic square, which were described in Europe firstly in Spanish (the 1280s) and Italian (14th century) manuscripts. He used the image of the square as a detail for in his Melancholia I painting , which was drawn in 1514, and included the numbers 15 and 14 in his magic square:
16 3 2 13
5 10 11 8
9 6 7 12
4 15 14 1
Ask your students to find regularities in this magic square. In case this exercise seems hard, you can offer them Lo Shu (2200 BC) square, a simpler variant of magic square of the third order (minimal non-trivial case):
4 9 2
3 5 7
8 1 6
4. Summing up of simple fractions.
According to Vladimir Arnold’s popular articles, in the era of computers and Internet, this test becomes an absolute obstacle for more and more students all over the world. Any exercises of the following type will be appropriate at this part:
3/7 + 7/3 = ? and 5/6 + 7/15=?
I think these four tests will be enough. All of them are for logical skills, unlike the tests created under Bologna Process.
Dear colleagues, professors and teachers,
You can offer these tasks to the students at your colleges and universities and share the results here, at the Research Gate platform, so that we all can see the landscape of the wretchedness and misery resulted from neoliberal economics and globalization.
I would like to know your opinion about the prisoners of geography around the world.
- How to overcome the individualistic idea of poverty?
- What is the relationship between the poverty of the places and the poverty of the people?
- How can one think of a general model to analyze the topic of local structures versus household poverty?
I am interested in seeing whether the focus of GIScience studies have shifted over the last few decades from being more local or regional in scale towards global. My assumption is that due to the availability and accessibility of global datasets (e.g. user generated data) and technical advancements that make it possible to analyse these datasets triggered a shift in geographic focus.
In a recent review of OpenStreetMap related publications, we found that 6.5% of analyzed publications had a global focus  . I was wondering if there are similar review papers that are broader in scope.
Research becoming more transdisciplinary with each passing day, the boundaries drawn between each discipline and paradigm is constantly changing. Kindly substantiate your answer
Hello, for an article I am looking for maps of the Crimean peninsula (ideally textbooks or atlases) from Russia and Ukraine to compare. Does anyone have appropriate materials or know of suitable contacts (textbook publishers or universities)? Best regards.
Mainly their works are in German or in Swedish, may be someone has read Politishce Geographie in English?
The ancient Amazon women cultures had been described in the very early books of Hecataios from Miletos, Herodotos from Halicarnassos and others as well as in the book of Geography written by Strabon from Amasia, all from Turkey, where Amazon women had named cities like Termiskyra at the Black Sea coast, Ephesia, Smyrna at the Aegean Sea coast, etc. Why could we not find any remainings from Amazon women cultures, besides their graves?
Interested to join the launched 'Climate and Environmental Change Network' at the biggest university and research association "Unimed" for multilateral scientific cooperation.
Get more info at https://t.co/bSnMWFIVy7
Deadline : July 30th. Don't miss it ↗️
I'm part of a project creating a public atlas to document and map people's subjective experiences of extreme weather events. I've included information and a link to a short survey below. Feel free to fill this out yourself, and/or forward to your networks via email, social media, etc. Thanks!
Extreme Weather Events Survey
Ecologies of Harm: Mapping Contexts of Vulnerability in the Time of Covid-19 The University of British Columbia
This is a digital commons project intended to provide equitable access to knowledge.
COVID-19 presents the potential for people and groups to become exposed to harm in new ways. To see the overlapping ways in which these harms may be occurring, we’ve designed a survey for experiences of extreme weather events that are affecting people across the world.
This is a citizen / community observation survey, open to anyone 18 years of age and older who wishes to contribute. Your descriptions will upload directly to an interactive map of the world that is publicly accessible on this website: https://blogs.ubc.ca/ecologiesofharmproject
Your participation is entirely voluntary, and you do not have to answer every question. If you do wish to participate, you do not need to record your name. You may contribute as many observations as you like!
Please share widely, and keep in mind that re-posting, “liking,” or “following,” will be visible to others on public network platforms.
Link to survey: https://arcg.is/fvO4G0
Project Email: Anth.CovidVulnerabilityMap@ubc.ca
Principal Investigator: Dr. Leslie Robertson
Copyright issues are a secondary concern as their principal application will fall under the terms of 'fair use'
Any recommendations for a good "Research Methods" textbook suitable for Geography undergraduates? Which textbooks do you like? Or any recommendations for open source online research methods textbooks?
Does anyone know if there is any rainfall threshold (mm/year, month or day, etc.) for a city to be considered "rainy" or "very rainy"? Or the rainfall intensity thresholds (weak, moderate, heavy, etc.)? Are there any international standards, for example from ISO or another institution? If there is a reference to support it, it will help better.
Ditto for wind speed thresholds (m/s or kt) for a place to be considered "windy". Does anyone know any references?
Thank you in advance for your attention.
In the remote sensing application to a volcanic activity wherein, the objective is to determine the temperature, which portion (more specifically the range) of the EM spectrum can detect the electromagnetic emissions of hot volcanic surfaces (which are a function of the temperature and emissivity of the surface and can achieve temperature as high as 1000°C)? Why?
I can think of geography when trying to find the top peak or the lowest valley.
What else in our physical world or perception that can relate to this concept?
Like waves also have so many local optimums ...
Also related are covex set rule
that all end points have to be connected? Is this something from biology?
Recent view from DeepLearning on the switch to saddle points rather than global optimums ...
(298) The Problem of Local Optima (C2W3L10) - YouTube
I am new in the Mobility of populations movement, coming up with 2 questions:
1. What is the definition of Mobility and Migration in terms of populations movement? What are their differences in Geography and Anthropology?
2. What are the common or well-known conceptual and analytical frameworks and theories for the study at micro and macro levels?
Thanks in advance,
I'm interesting in know the periods during the Miocene where the Balearic Islands could have been submerged and, the periods (before the Messinian) where the islands could have been connected to the Iberian Peninsula.
Lahore Journal of Policy Studies
Special Issue on Covid-19
Call for Papers
We intend to take out the next issue of the Lahore Journal of Policy Studies on Covid-19. The novel Coronavirus has come as a major calamity out of the blue leading to a sudden economic halt across the world. There had been other pandemics earlier but the response was never so severe, widespread and universal. The Third World acted largely on the basis of scientific predictions and policies originating in Developed Countries without any policy based on locally grounded scientific/medical knowledge. With the high death rate reported from Italy and Spain followed in a couple of months by even higher deaths in US and UK the world was terrorized. The fast pace of statistics did not allow for a cool headed debate and reflection nor did people have any facts on which to develop some degree of understanding and make an opinion. Except for a few critical special publications, the media has been more interested in statistical reporting than any critical analyses. With the passage of time many riddles and paradoxes, have come to the fore and call for reflection. There is need to explore these riddles and paradoxes because many revelations are likely to come out of these. For instance,
· Why have there been far more deaths in the prosperous and highly developed countries of US and Britain than in the countries of the Third World
· Why have there been far more deaths in the urban areas which have more awareness and healthcare facilities compared to the backward rural areas
· Is the pandemic primarily a medical issue to be dealt with by doctors or a socioecological issue to be dealt with through political debate and policy
· What has been our experience of pandemics in the past. In India whether it was bubonic plague, Spanish flu or smallpox, in each instance the epidemic continued for many decades. What communities and what geographies were affected. What conditions brought the disease under control
· What was the role of vaccines in ending the pandemics
· What was the relation of poverty to the number of deaths and why? Was it because of hygiene or was it because of food and healthcare
· What is the relationship between our economic goals of productivity and development and the onset of disease
· Industrial agriculture including deforestation, monocultures, genetic selection and animal feed lots have greatly increased production. What is its relationship with the pandemics
· The growth of giant cities in the Third World has created new environment for the spread of disease. Why has this aspect not been highlighted in the coronavirus debate
· What is the role of globalization of commodity production, services and people in the generation and spread of pandemics
· Where has this virus come from? Has the frequency of deadly viruses like Ebola, MERS, SARS, Corona, H1N1 increased in the past few decades? Is there any common process of generation between them
· How has the pandemic changed the ecologies of work such as education, commerce, health, entertainment and hospitality
· The impact of the lockdowns on gender inequality
You may choose a topic or write generally about the impact and origin of the disease.
Submission of abstracts 31st August 2020
Submission of final papers 31st October 2020
Whatever contributions we receive by the end of October 2020 will pass through a process of refereeing before they are accepted.
Please mail queries and abstracts to firstname.lastname@example.org
Editor, Special Issue
Lahore Journal of Policy Studies
Note: The Lahore Journal of Policy Studies is a refereed journal. The journal has a broad scope, covering national, regional and international political, economic, social and cultural issues of immediate relevance to public policy. It aims to be a forum for significant new ideas and seeks to challenge thinkers and intellectuals to policy debate. It is neither a journalistic magazine nor an overly technical one. Rather, it is a scholarly journal containing provocative, thoughtful, but well-researched writings with an educated and discerning readership in mind. It seeks originality and rigour of argument. The selection of papers will be based on topicality, originality, clarity, the extent to which they advance knowledge, understanding and application and their likely contribution towards inspiring further development, research and debate.
Hi I am currently doing a geography dissertation studying the representation of future space in climate fiction films thinking about ideas of capitalist hegemony and power inequalities in reference to gender and race. In terms of methodology im confused about the difference between textual and visual analysis (texts, at least in geography referring to pretty much everything), are they the same or is one better at analysing different aspects. Further in terms of actually carrying out the analysis how should my results be presented as due to it being on films i can't include parts of the film itself.
I'm working in the broad field of political ecology and I'm currently co-authoring an article about the social-ecological consequences of the digital economy (material anchor, territorialities, conflicts). I'm therefore looking for literature about the digital economy I might have missed so far. I'm pleased about all suggestions. Many thanks in advance!
Hi colleague researchers!
I've been preparing research on Digital twin and machine learning adoption at retail/wholesale companies. But it appears that ML is applicable in a limited number of operations, in reality. Such as demand forecasting in category management. In your experience what is the situation in the industry?
Geography of my data source is Central Asia and Former Soviet Union countries.
I am also open for joint research in this field.
Dear respectful community researchers,
I am interested to find out the impact of Institution, Geography, and Trade on Economic Development of a single country.
I do know that for several countries' analysis, researchers mostly used the Hausmann and Taylor (1981) model to find the impact. Unfortunately, I have no idea if any model exists to be suitable to execute on a single country.
I am very much looking forward to hearing from you.
Thank you so much indeed
I am conducting a state-of-the-art analysis of these concepts. If you have contributions, please, send me.
i have french B1 as my advantageous criteria. i am interested in finding an internship for the year 2020 in these fields, i have a 3 year degree and a fresh graduate. please help.
We are living in a world that sometimes two brothers or sisters may not understand each other. In such a situation, a number of historical records, literature phrases, and similar subjects may get confused or misused.
The question is here how physics may solve those kinds of difficulties.
What spatial tools can be used to analyze the spread of the new coronavirus? What models can be adopted and what spatial epidemiology can be used to study the spread across the globe. Many thanks for your contribution.
Sediment is relatively younger than the soil in the depositional environment as the sediments are consequence of the accretion of particles transported either by waters or by winds, whereas, soil profile is stable lacking any sort of movement. Soil profile is developed with time span which is a stable one, but the movement of the sediment particles developed those soil profiles in so many physiographic set up, are they (soils and Sediments) differed chemically, do they possess different chemical environment?
Geography has always been seen as a classical subject and rarely been linked to realised socio-economic development, or community’s problem-solving. The literature is scarce about the role of geography in overcoming challenges.
Here is however, one introductory paper for further readings
As an electoral geographer I often present various electoral maps. I would like to create some contiguous cartograms in ArcGIS software but I have problems to find any geoprocessing tool that will work. If you have any advice for me I would be very greatful.
Thank you for your answers.
The aim is to get acquainted with the field and conduct a literature review. While South East Asia (and particularly India) are of most relevance but I want to learn the main theories in the field of youth sociology. I've been coming across a lot of work from geography but need guidance re work from sociology discipline at the moment. Appreciate your help!
I am particularly interested in conceptual literature and pieces of research that aim at advancing the human geographic debate on (local) climate governance. Thank you very much!
Our American educational system is a disaster for most students. Many graduate or drop out of school, feeling little sense of self-realization. This is because traditional schooling typically requires a set curriculum with only two alternatives - college preparatory or learning practical skills. And progress through the curriculum proceeds like a clock with the students in lockstep. Student achievement is measured with letter grades: A - F.
As a result, too many of our citizens have little interest in science, world geography, economics, politics, the fine arts, etc. They are primarily interested in making money, being entertained, professional sports, having the latest e-gadgets, etc.
If our schools could make the educational experience relevant to each student's interests, propensities, and talents, Many of these, otherwise, lost students would become more intrinsically motivated to learn and would enjoy the experience. This kind of learning stays with you all of your life.
With the nova coronavirus plaguing us, we are now forced to teach classes via the internet. Surprisingly, this allows for more one-on-one communication between student and teacher. It also can allow for virtual classrooms, where students can be virtually grouped together (regardless of where each one may be physically located - across the room or across the state) according to their rate of learning and their interests. A teacher for a particular grouping can tailor the lessons on her/his students' pace, needs, and level of abstraction/concreteness.
This may be the start of the needed reform for our schools.
I start working on research about international air transportation and the spread of COVID-19, and I need urgently the network of global Airlines.
Please suggest some journal (minimum scopus) for publication of a paper on "locational geography of industrial cluster and socioeconomic status of rural households"
Identity is a complicated state of human existence, many issues participate in creating it. Cultures, languages, gender, geography and etc.language is a way to distinguish one’s national and cultural identity, but also there are many the speak different language from their actual cultural and national identity.
I know there are longer un-dammed rivers open to the ocean in Alaska and British Columbia. I also know there are longer un-dammed rivers in the contiguous 48 United States, but they are not open to the ocean (e.g. the Yellowstone, which joins the Missouri, which is dammed). The Delaware River has no dams on the 330 mile long mainstem, and opens to the Atlantic Ocean.
I am a psychologist interested in getting a single number to quantify "flattening the curve"---one value for each of 50 geographical areas (states) in the USA. For my purposes, I want to know which states are doing a better job of "flattening the curve". Perhaps epidemiologists or biostatisticians could help. Not interested in qualitative analytics--just need a number for each state (or, better still, a formula that can be applied to each state). Thanks.
Hi everyone, I am using ENVI to analyze landsat footage of the Great Barrier Reef to analyze the change in coral health from 1990-2017. I am trying to analyze the coral bleaching trends, sea surface temperatures, and turbidity as variables. I have figured out temperature but does anyone know how to allocate software or know how I can modify my landsat files to view these variables? I also have this website https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/satellite/hdf/index.php , with available FTP (.nc) files but do not know how to convert this into something readable by ENVI. I am fairly new to ENVI so any help is appreciated. Thank you.
I am currently a master student in Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli University, Department of Geography, studying Physical Geography. My main areas of expertise are; İn additıon to geographical analysis, plant geography, data mining, map reduce and hadoop systems, land planning, plant taxonomy, I have been working on social media analytics and social media applications and analysis, social media and geography education in scientific and technical terms. But my main focus is on "Data Mining and Plant Geography modeling". I have a technical research article on this topic in my Research gate research account as full text. Study name "Creatıon of Plant Geography Databases Wıth The Map Reduce Modelıng ın The Clusterıng of the Large Geographıcal Data Sets". This study my Map Reduce and Hadoop systems and algorithms addition to data mining, GIS, plant geography research methods - techniques and various international plant databases, taking advantage of biological databases in Turkey and vegetatıon carried out ın the world, plant geography and so on. I tried to develop a new database model with this latest work that will contribute to the fields. In conclusion, I would especially like to listen and take advantage of the ideas and opinions of my colleagues and teachers working on data mining and geography, plant geography or vegetation, especially among geographers. Thanks to everyone who contributed in advance. Sincereley.
Do you know food, human geography or rural development journals that accept short papers (below 4,000 words)? Thank you, Best!
I know most of the 3D file types used in VR but I could be missing out on some that are more commonly used and would like to see what others are using. Also any ideas on what file types relating to sound tracks including more than 2 channels? Would like to see any suggested file type used for any VR application. This is for a geography project that would include multiple scientific data sets.
In some countries around the world, we have observed that people living in difficult regions have managed to gain the upper hand over other people blessed by nature.
me interesa mucho esto de la microcartografía porque trabajo con escalas. y porque hay cosas que me parecieron muy interesantes para darles otro planteamiento espacial a lo que ví en el campo.
estoy en posgrado cela unam trabajando con el instituto de geografía la tesis y con cialc.
ustedes dónde se ubican?
At my faculty we are going to start the project on spatial development of the areas surrounding urban hotels. The analysis need to be spatially limited. Thus, we would like to limit the area of the research into the radius of "close walking distance" from the hotel. Hence, we need the definition of "close walking distance". I appreciate your ideas of requested definition or suggestions of papers presenting or discussing this definition. Thank you in advance.
A colleague is currently drafting her thesis proposal.
The aim of the thesis would be comparing the pedagogical effectiveness of traditional map reading in the geography classroom, versus 'digital' map reading tools. Some examples of 'digital' map reading tools could be google maps, augmented reality apps, or virtual reality 'field trips'.
Ideally, she would be conducting her research in Irish secondary schools, but she is willing to consider case studies from other countries.
I have been asked to compose a writeup of identity as it pertains in human geography, to identify the key theories, thinkers, and current directions. Suggestions of key literature would be very much welcome.
Coastal management is a topic that has been much debated around the world in the last two decades, in view of the need to organize our coastal areas. In view of this context, I ask if the countries of South America present governmental programs of Coastal Management.
Making many High Skyscraper is Dangers for rotations and spinning of the Earth ? Do Scientists and Engineer have any idea in this regard ? The world becoming densely populated day by day and skyscrapers become more on the earth as Energy of the Earth remain same like we are transferring Mass from other places to a place in well organized manner. Is this affect the Earth Rotation And Revolution ?
West Malaysia consists of 11 states and 2 Federal territories. I propose to conduct an epidemiological study in 6 states. I want to show the selected states on a Map. Please I need help with ideas on how to present the desired information.
Geography teachers in the context of interdisciplinary cooperation, which branch teachers should cooperate more?
Properly defined terms can help scientists communicate more effectively and efficiently.
Often, writers uses terminology based on their own concepts and preferences. As a result, the search used to interpret a particular topic may contain different (direct or metaphorical) conventions that certainly affect the linguistic and legal meaning of the search ...
Using specific terms may mitigate the risk of using erroneous terms, which can greatly affect translation.
But how do we guide writers to use standardized terminology at the global level, especially when translating research or rhetoric?
How can assemblage thinking be used to explain retail geography of students?
I will like to know how assemblage thinking can be used to explain students shopping pattern.
The studies show that geography plays an important role in getting Multiple Sclerosis. For example the percentage of the people suffering from MS is higher in Northern European countries.
For a projet, I need a few devices: GPS, photo camera, phone. I thought I could buy one device that would gather all of this instead of 3 (for money and sustainability issues) : a smartphone.
- How accurate are smartphones GPS nowadays compared to scientific GPS ? If they are, which specifications should I look for ? Is GPS+GLONASS necessary ?
- Are there smartphone brands/devices that are better than others for that?
- which apps are the best to record and read mapping data ? I'd like to record "ways" and "points"
Thank you in advance !
PS: I'm in a tropical environment. A water/dustproof device would be perfect.
Earth is one of the oldest and most widely used building materials worldwide. Do you know of any reliable studies on the maximum density and bearing capacity of rammed earth (tapial) technique?
I am specially interested in informatinos about Peru.
Why? You might ask … We are currently developing an index with several socioeconomic indicators (e.g., income, education, employment, etc.). The basic idea is to conduct a regression analysis for each indicator with geography (e.g., province) as a key independent variable. Then we want to take the average across all indicator scores (e.g., standardized betas) and rank-order these scores according to geography (e.g., 1 to 10 scale for ten provinces).
The issue we encounter is that some of our regression analysis are based on linear scales (i.e., income) whereas other measures are based on binary scales (e.g., unemployed or employed). We would use linear regression for income and logistic regression for employment status. Thus the results are interpreted differently (coefficients vs. odds ratios) and are on different scales. Prior to averaging these scores across indicators, we want to transform the values to all be on the same scale. We can do this using the min-max normalization procedure so that all indicators values fall on the same scale (0,1). But is this appropriate? Is there a better alternative?
I would like to create an online digital map guide of the urban, social and economic characteristics of an area with a significant historical heritage. I will be very grateful for your contributions in terms of ideas, proposals, bibliography, examples of feild sheets, operational modes, GIS online ...
In the light of the deep and accelerating economic and social transformations experienced by many emerging countries, is it appropriate to maintain the current methods of management, despite of the existing imbalances, or it would be rational to fellow new equitable approaches that take into consideration the natural therdshoulds (river basins and ecosystems) where wealth would be divided equitably between citizens with some kind of territorial solidarity.
Plants have developed adaptations for different soil types, methods of pollination, daylight hours, temperature, altitude, competition with other plants. The list is endless, even two plants of the same species, separated by geography will have a different genetic make-up.