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Gastrointestinal Diseases - Science topic

Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
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Publications related to Gastrointestinal Diseases (10,000)
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Article
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Background Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is considered a disorder of gut-brain interaction (DGBI), presenting as chronic abdominal pain and altered defaecation. Symptoms are often food related. Much work in the field has focused on identifying physiological, immune and microbial abnormalities in the colon of patients; however, evidence of small in...
Article
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Objective Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common and lethal gastrointestinal disease affecting preterm infants. NEC develops suddenly and is characterized by gut barrier destruction, an inflammatory response, intestinal necrosis and multi-system organ failure. There is currently no method for early NEC detection, and the pathogenesis of...
Article
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Approximately 25% of people with quiescent inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have symptoms caused by a functional gastrointestinal disorder (FGID). The pathophysiology of FGIDs in IBD is multifactorial. The gut–brain axis plays an important role as a bidirectional pathway with reciprocal gastrointestinal and psychological symptoms. Other factors inc...
Article
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Background There is evidence that perceived urgency of medical complaints is associated with emergency care utilization. Patients’ perception of urgency can differ from physicians’ assessment. This study explored public perceptions of urgency of severe cases of COVID-19 and inflammatory gastrointestinal disease and analyzed variations in perception...
Article
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An increasing number of studies have provided evidence for the hypothesis that the pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease (PD) may derive from the gut. Firstly, Lewy pathology can be induced in the enteric nervous system (ENS) and be transported to the central nervous system (CNS) via the vagal nerve. Secondly, the altered composition of gut microbiot...
Article
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El volumen de excretas que se produce en la comunidad El Calvario de la provincia de Pastaza, Ecuador no es recuperado y se la expone a cielo abierto sin ningún tratamiento o aprovechamiento, esta condición favorece a las emisiones de gas invernadero y el calentamiento global. Se planteó el diseño de un biodigestor para mitigar los efectos producid...
Article
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Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common in early childhood. It has been demonstrated that neonatal acidemia at delivery can lead to significant neonatal morbidity. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between acidemia at birth and the development of FGIDs, as regurgitation, colic, and constipation, in term...
Research
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Es conocido que una de las principales cusas de enfermedades transmisibles son causadas por la ingesta, inhalación y contacto de entre otras sustancias, del agua; muchas veces el consumo de este elemento de la naturaleza, vital para nuestra supervivencia como humanos, se realiza en formas poco recomendables, esto propiciado por una falta de higiene...
Article
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Laparoscopic surgery, a minimally invasive technique to treat abdominal conditions, has been shown to produce equivalent safety and efficacy with quicker return to normal function compared to open surgery. As such, it is widely accepted as a cost-effective alternative to open surgery for many abdominal conditions. However, access to laparoscopic su...
Article
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Background Infections, including common communicable infections such as influenza, frequently cause disease after organ transplantation, although the quantitative extent of infection and disease remains uncertain. Methods A cohort study was conducted to define the burden of notifiable infectious diseases among all solid organ recipients transplant...
Article
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Attention to spiritual and religious issues is considered an important therapeutic method for patients with chronic disorders. This study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of a Persian version of the SpREUK-P questionnaire for evaluating spiritual and religious opinions among Iranian patients with chronic gastrointestinal diseases. This c...
Article
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Background Previous studies suggested that unhealthy sleep patterns were closely associated with gastrointestinal diseases, but the impact of unhealthy sleep duration on chronic constipation has not been well studied until now. In this study, we aim to explore the association between sleep duration and constipation among males and females. Methods...
Article
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Background Irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D) is a chronic functional gastrointestinal disorder that has a significant impact on quality of life, work productivity, and healthcare resources. External therapy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has positive effects on IBS-D and is simple, convenient, and low-cost. This study aimed to s...
Article
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The field of Immunology is one that has undergone great expansion in recent years. With the advent of new diagnostic modalities including a variety of genetic tests (discussed elsewhere in this journal), the ability to diagnose a patient with a primary immunodeficiency disorder (PIDD) has become a more streamlined process. With increased availabili...
Article
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Introduction Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is prevalent in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but its’ association with other functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) is less certain. This study aimed to explore SIBO in a multi-racial Asian population with various FGIDs compared to non-FGID controls. Methodology Consecutive Asian...
Article
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Background Aerophagia is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder among children. The disease leads to symptoms related to air in the intestine leading to burping, abdominal distension, and excessive flatus. We aimed to perform a systematic review and a meta-analysis to assess the epidemiology of aerophagia in children. Methods We conducted a...
Article
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Purpose of review This review provides an overview of recent developments in the field of eosinophilic gastritis (EG) and eosinophilic duodenitis (EoD) with emphasis on diagnostic criteria, the clinical manifestation and available or emerging treatments. Recent findings Eosinophilic gastrointestinal diseases such as EG and EoD are chronic inflamma...
Article
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With the improvement of people's requirements for the accuracy of disease detection, increasing researchers apply image recognition to the detection and diagnosis of gastrointestinal diseases. In addition, the evaluation of detection and diagnostic accuracy is also an important factor in the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. Ref...
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Background The global prevalence and incidence of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infection are increasing. However, the prevalence of NTM infection-associated comorbidities remains understudied. Thus, we investigated the comorbidities associated with NTM infection using the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort (NHIS–NSC) 2.0...
Article
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Background: Mizoribine (MZR) is widely used in Asia due to its high safety and low cost, and comparative studies of its safety and efficacy with the first-line drug mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) have been carried out. This paper aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of MZR and MMF in immunosuppressive therapy of renal transplantation by meta-anal...
Article
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Infant dyschezia is a functional gastrointestinal disorder that occurs in children less than nine months of age. This disorder causes much anxiety among parents who consult different physicians when suspecting major intestinal problems. The aim of this study is to verify whether infant dyschezia involves an anatomic abnormality (redundancy) of the...
Article
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Background: To investigate the association between proton pump inhibitor (PPI) exposure and a risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among patients with upper gastrointestinal disease (UGID). Method: We conducted a case-control study from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database between 1998 and 2013. A total of 20,940 patients with...
Article
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Background Habitual coffee consumption has been associated with multiple health benefits. A comprehensive analysis of disease trajectory and comorbidity networks in relation to coffee consumption is, however, currently lacking. Objectives We aimed to comprehensively examine the health outcomes associated with habitual coffee consumption, through c...
Article
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Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) were first introduced for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in 2005. Despite the high efficacy and other benefits of GLP-1RAs, their uptake was initially limited by the fact that they could only be administered by injection. Semaglutide is a human GLP-1 analog that has been shown to...
Article
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Purpose of Review Nausea is a common symptom in children for a variety of reasons ranging from intestinal, extraintestinal, and functional. Defining it is challenging as some children may not be able to verbalize the symptoms and it is often associated with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). The burden of nausea amongst children has bee...
Article
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Abstract The trichobezoar is a variety of bezoars whose characteristic is the presence of a compact mass made up of indigestible material, mainly hair and other components. Presentation of cases: We present 2 cases of patients aged 4 and 9 years, who were admitted to an emergency room, with symptoms of chronic evolution characterized by a palpable...
Article
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We investigated whether the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, in conjunction with public health measures, influenced the incidence of gastrointestinal diseases according to age and sex during the pandemic. Changes in the monthly incidence rates (January 2018 to June 2021) of common gastrointestinal diseases were assessed using data from...
Book
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A nivel global regional y nacional hemos visto, que el comercio, el turismo y la globalización de las economías han jugado un papel relevante en la transmisión y diseminación de enfermedades zoonóticas. Lo más notable y que ha causado estragos en la salud humana es la pandemia ocasionada por SARS-COVID 2, teniendo a nivel global con 458 millones de...
Article
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Campylobacter is the most common cause of bacterial gastrointestinal disease, and consumption of contaminated poultry is frequently identified as the source of bacteria. The survivability and virulence potential of sublethally injured Campylobacter following exposure to chemicals which are commonly used to eliminate Campylobacter during the poultry...
Article
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Background Gastrointestinal bleeding is one of the major gastrointestinal diseases. In this study, our objective was to compare Glasgow-Blatchford score (GBS), AIMS65 score, MAP score, Modified GBS, and Iino score as outcome measures for upper gastrointestinal bleeding. In addition, we extracted factors associated with hemostatic procedures includi...
Article
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Intestinal E. vermicularis worm infection is asymptomatic and endemic in Iraq, but it can cause appendicitis; symptoms vary depending on the stage of the gastrointestinal disease. The E. vermicularis worm has caused several cases of appendicitis. Methodologies and materials Just 30 (3.15 %) of the 950 surgical specimens removed from patients with c...
Article
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Sugar reduction and sugar control are advocated and gaining popularity around the world. Sucrose, as the widely consumed ingredient in our daily diet, has been reported a relation to gastrointestinal diseases. However, the role of sucrose in inflammatory bowel disease remains controversial. Hence, our study aimed to elucidate the potential role of...
Chapter
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Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory chronic disease primarily affecting the colonic mucosa; the extent and severity of colon involvement are variable. Ulcerative colitis is identified by mucus diarrhea, tenesmus, bowel distension, and anemia. 5-aminosalicylic acid drugs, steroids, and immune suppressants are used for therapy of ulcerative co...
Article
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Chagas disease (CD) is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, and it is endemic in Central, South America, Mexico and the South of the United States. It is an important cause of early mortality and morbidity, and it is associated with poverty and stigma. A third of the cases evolve into chronic cardiomyopathy and gastrointestinal disease. The in...
Article
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The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is responsible for the devastating pandemic which has caused more than 5 million deaths across the world until today. Apart from causing acute respiratory illness and multiorgan dysfunction, there can be long-term multiorgan sequalae after recovery, which is termed ‘long COVID-19’ or ‘post-acute COVID-19 syndrome’....
Article
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Inflammatory bowel disease is an emerging gastrointestinal disease in Malaysia. One of its rare complications includes giant inflammatory polyposis (GIP). A 39-year-old woman presented with worsening per rectal mucous discharge, associated with blood, colicky abdominal pain, and weight loss. A series of endoscopies at another hospital did not provi...
Article
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In this work, a proposed Multi-Fused Residual Convolutional Neural Network (MFuRe-CNN) with Auxiliary Fusing Layers (AuxFL), a Fusion Residual Block (FuRB) both with Alpha Dropouts (αDO) diagnosed various endoscopic images of gastrointestinal (GI) conditions or diseases. The proposed MFuRe-CNN handled four cases, including colons with ulcerative co...
Article
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Background Functional constipation (FCon), is a symptom-based functional gastrointestinal disorder without an organic etiology and altering brain structure and function. However, previous studies mainly focused on isolated brain regions involved in brain plasticity. Therefore, little is known about the altered large-scale interaction of brain netwo...
Article
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Bacillus cereus is well known as a causative agent of foodborne gastrointestinal diseases and systemic non-gastrointestinal diseases. We have recently identified a pathogenic B. cereus (named H2) from a deep-sea cold-seep. H2 possesses the pyroptosis-inducing capacity and contains a number of enterotoxins including cytotoxin K (CytK). In the presen...
Article
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Pit latrines provide essential onsite sanitation services to over a billion people, but there are concerns about their role in infectious disease transmission, and impacts on groundwater resources. We conducted fieldwork in an informal settlement in Dar es Salaam, where cholera is endemic. We combined plate counting with portable MinION sequencing...
Article
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Background: Previous studies have demonstrated a substantial economic impact of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Aims: To provide contemporaneous estimates of direct healthcare costs of IBS in the United Kingdom. Methods: We collected demographic, gastrointestinal and psychological symptoms, quality of life and healthcare usage data from adults...
Article
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Panax ginseng C.A. Mey. has a history of more than 4000 years and is widely used in Asian countries. Modern pharmacological studies have proved that ginsenosides and their compounds have a variety of significant biological activities on specific diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases, certain types of cancer, gastrointestinal disease, and m...
Article
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Objective To estimate the pooled odds ratio of endometriosis and irritable bowel syndrome, and to estimate the pooled prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome in patients with endometriosis. Data sources Using Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Science Direct, ClinicalTrials.gov , Web of Science, and CINAHL, we conducted a systematic literature search throu...
Article
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Background Patients with celiac disease (CeD) can commonly present with symptoms of dyspepsia. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the present literature to assess the prevalence of CeD in patients diagnosed with dyspepsia.Methods We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE databases for the keywords: celiac disease, coeliac disease, anti-glia...
Article
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The incidence rate of peptic ulcer is increasing gradually. Medical images can meet the needs of patients as an auxiliary diagnosis and treatment method for peptic ulcer. However, in the long-term treatment, the actual effect is average, and the diagnosis effect of gastrointestinal diseases will gradually deteriorate. In this paper, we use an image...
Article
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Background With rising rates of atherosclerotic disease and obesity worldwide, the prevalence of chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) has been progressively rising. Prompt diagnosis and early intervention are crucial to avoid bowel loss and mortality in optimising long-term outcomes for patients and achieving symptom relief. Objectives This article a...
Article
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Background Non‐oesophageal gastrointestinal eosinophilic diseases (EGID) are considered rare. However, low disease awareness among clinicians and pathologists may contribute to underdiagnosis. Aims To determine how frequently requests to evaluate for EGID accompany gastrointestinal biopsies and in what proportion of suspected cases pathologists ad...
Article
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The purpose of this study is to investigate the patient’s perspective on physical activity as treatment modality for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). An interpretive phenomenological analysis (IPA) approach was used to examine the experiences of IBS patients with physical activity, through in-depth interviews with 11 female IBS patients. Experiences...
Article
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Three hundred Iraqi people participated in demographic and attitudes study about red and white meat consumption. The mean age of the participants was 50 SD ± 11 years (mean 30-72); 51% were females and 49% males, mostly in forties who lived ≥ 5 years in Baghdad. The results showed that 80% of individuals prefer red meat. A 90% of people prefer fres...
Article
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We compared clinical outcomes associated with seed brachytherapy (SEED-BT) alone and SEED-BT plus external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for intermediate-risk prostate cancer using propensity score-matched analysis. From 2006 to 2011, 993 patients diagnosed with intermediate-risk were treated with either SEED-BT alone (n = 775) or SEED-BT plus EBRT (n =...
Preprint
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The Bacillus cereus group is a species complex of the Bacillus genus that includes several closely related species. Within this group, bacteria indicated as B. cereus sensu stricto (B. cereus) are the causative agent of two different types of gastrointestinal diseases associated with food poisoning. Outbreaks of this opportunistic pathogen are gene...
Article
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Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are frequently prescribed for chronic functional pain disorders. Although the mechanism of action targets pain perception, treating patients with TCAs for disorders conceptualized as “functional” can promote stigmatization in these patients because it hints at psychological dimensions of the disorder. The goal of th...
Article
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Zinc is an essential trace element for living organisms, and zinc homeostasis is essential for the maintenance of the normal physiological functions of cells and organisms. The intestine is the main location for zinc absorption and excretion, while zinc and zinc homeostasis is also of great significance to the structure and function of the intestin...
Article
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Canine chronic inflammatory enteropathy (CIE) is one of the most common chronic gastrointestinal diseases affecting dogs worldwide. Genetic and environmental factors, as well as intestinal microbiota and dysregulated host immune responses, participate in this multifactorial disease. Despite advances explaining the immunological and molecular mechan...
Article
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Rheum is normally known by the name Indian rhubarb, an endangered species of Northern Himalaya and belongs to Polygonaceae family. It is stout perennial herb distributed through the northern Himalayas at a height of 2800 to 3600 M. Rhubarb is efficiently used in Unani, Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine system. Rhubarb is known to be a common ingredien...
Article
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Objective: Surgical patients constitute a group of individuals who are commonly underdiagnosed and undertreated, where nutritional impairment can be either a preexisting finding or a result of the hypercatabolic and hypermetabolic state. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of malnutrition, according to the GLIM criteria, and its...
Article
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Background Irritable bowel syndrome is a functional gastrointestinal disease. Visceral hypersensitivity is the most important pathophysiology in irritable bowel syndrome. Currently, diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome is based on symptoms and exclusion of other organic diseases. Although the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome can be made based...
Article
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Emerging evidence of an altered gut microbiome in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) suggests a pathomechanism through the gut–brain axis despite the inconsistent microbiome profile reported across studies. One of the knowledge gaps in the existing ASD microbiota studies is the lack of systematic exploration of the role of comorbid functional gastroint...