Science topics: EconGame Theory
Science topic

Game Theory - Science topic

Explore the latest publications in Game Theory, and find Game Theory experts.
Filters
All publications are displayed by default. Use this filter to view only publications with full-texts.
Publications related to Game Theory (10,000)
Sorted by most recent
Article
Full-text available
This paper introduces a data trading system based on the blockchain network, where a trusted data aggregator collects data from the Internet of Things (IoT) device owners and sells them in the format of different packages to multiple buyers. In this paper, we formulate infinitely repeated games between rational buyers that are competing with each o...
Article
Full-text available
Airline alliances provide more flights, include different destinations, and maximize revenues. In an alliance, collaborating airlines can offer tickets for an identical flight plan, unlike the traditional single airline approach. In particular, due to epidemic/pandemic events, such as COVID-19, the available customer demands become highly uncertain...
Article
Full-text available
Battery charging of electric vehicles (EVs) needs to be properly coordinated by electricity producers to maintain the network reliability. In this paper, we propose a robust approach to model the interaction between a large fleet of EV users and utilities in a long-term generation expansion planning problem. In doing so, we employ a robust multi-pe...
Article
Full-text available
Standard approaches to model interaction networks are limited in their capacity to describe the nuances of real communication. We present a game theoretical framework to quantify the effect of intermediaries on the interaction between agents. Inspired by the seminal work Myerson (1977). on cooperative structures in cooperative games, we set the bas...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, an asymmetrical congestion game is used to build a fairness concern‐based coordinated route guidance model for alleviating traffic congestion. Coordinated vehicle route guidance is commonly recognized as an effective way to alleviate the “route flapping” phenomenon, where a new congestion appears since numerous vehicles obey the same...
Article
Full-text available
We consider a general model of financial flows and prices with multiple sectors and instruments. Each sector optimizes the composition of assets and liabilities in its portfolio, whose utility is given by a quadratic function constrained to satisfy the accounting identity that appears in flow-of-funds accounts and the equilibrium conditions that gu...
Article
Full-text available
How does the composition of a collection of individuals affect its outcome in competition with other collections of individuals? Assuming that individuals can be different, we develop a model to interpolate between individual-level interactions and collective-level consequences. Rooted in theoretical mathematics, the model is not constrained to any...
Article
Full-text available
Road traffic information can be utilized in many applications of intelligent transport systems. It can be collected from vehicles and sent over a vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) to roadside units (RSUs) acting as sink nodes. Due to rapid mobility and limited channel capacity in a VANET where vehicles must compete to access the RSUs to report their...
Article
Full-text available
Most online markets establish reputation systems to assist in building trust between sellers and buyers. Sellers’ reputations not only provide guidelines for buyers but may also inform sellers of their optimal pricing strategy. In this research, we assumed two types of buyers – informed buyers and uninformed buyers. Informed buyers know more about...
Presentation
Full-text available
Evolution algebra has emerged as the leading branch of study with many scopes of development and further research. It possesses distinct concepts such as algebraic persistency, algebraic transiency, and algebraic periodicity. These notions lead to hierarchical structures for evolution algebras. A hierarchical structure of evolution algebra is state...
Article
Full-text available
Smart grids are the latest technology to generate and dispatch an optimal amount of power. Thus, there is a need for stability analysis in smart grid systems. If the smart grid is incorporated into the power system, then the phasor measurement unit (PMU) is used to measure the voltage, current, and frequency. Additionally, the central control unit...
Article
Full-text available
A framework for modeling multi-criteria and multi-agent decision making processes as a non-cooperative game including a phase for solving the game by using the concept of equilibrium solution is presented. In the presence of a non-singular solution, the framework includes a phase for refining the solution by the application of a social welfare func...
Article
Full-text available
Many governments actively subsidize the green activities of manufacturers and consumers to effectively realize the achievement of carbon emissions peak and carbon-neutral goals, while the development of a platform economy can effectively contribute to sustainable development. Therefore, we have modeled a platform supply chain using game theory, in...
Article
Full-text available
Natural hazards and urbanization put enormous pressure on cities and affect their sustainable development. Against the backdrop of the increasingly prominent urban disease, a comprehensive urban vulnerability assessment has a positive effect on improving the quality of urbanization. In this study, prefecture-level cities in Southwest China were tak...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a formal proof of the conjecture stating that optimal colorings in max k-cut games over unweighted and undirected graphs do not allow the formation of any strongly divergent coalition, i.e., a subset of nodes able to increase their own payoffs simultaneously. The result is obtained by means of a new method grounded on game theor...
Article
Full-text available
How to make Chinese traditional culture shine again has become the focus of our research. The emergence of the metaverse has led to further development of Virtual Reality (VR) technology. Therefore, VR technology can be relied on to create a VR world in the form of three-dimensional interaction, so that traditional culture can break through the lim...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we study the problem of capturing a Dubins Car with a Differential Drive Robot in minimum time. The two vehicles are represented like unitary discs moving in the plane without obstacles. Both agents have the same maximum speed and a bounded turning ratio. We frame the problem as a pursuit-evasion game. The Differential Drive Robot pl...
Article
Full-text available
China is currently the world’s largest energy consumer and carbon emitter. In order to reduce the harm of carbon dioxide to the global ecological environment, the use of natural gas instead of coal is a realistic choice for China to achieve the “dual carbon” goal. Opportunities also bring new challenges, and the price of natural gas is an important...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we consider a green supply chain to encompass two competing retailers, whose market demands include a stochastic component and a deterministic component, and we assume that consumer returns exist. We use game theory to determine the optimal decisions that retailers could make regarding greenness level and purchase quantity in either...
Article
Full-text available
In the allegory in "Hamlet", Claudius is not only coal (fossil fuels), he also represents Christianity. By depicting Claudius' death, Shakespeare predicts the end of Christianity. "Hamlet" follows Giordano Bruno's "Lo Spaccio della besta trionfante" (1584) closely. I also show how Bruno used game theory and thermodynamics to predict the end of Chri...
Article
Full-text available
Aiming to explore whether governments should choose anti-pandemic or subsidy strategies in the post-pandemic era, this study constructed a three-level food supply chain that was composed of a leading third-party logistics provider, a supplier and a retailer, in which the third-party logistics provider used blockchain technology for food traceabilit...
Article
Full-text available
It is possible to model trust as an investment game, where a player in order to receive a reward or a better outcome, accepts a certain risk of defection by another player. Despite having achieved interesting insights and conclusions, traditional game theory does not predict the existence of trust between players who are selfish and exhibit maximiz...
Article
Full-text available
The Internet of Vehicle (IoV) is known as a kind of highly dynamic network, in which the vehicle needs to exchange information with the fixed Roadside Unit (RSU) or other moving vehicles frequently. In order to improve the performance of existing RSU access schemes, in this paper, we proposed a BUS‐aided RSU connection scheme based on the software‐...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes an optimal parameter design of control scheme for mechanical systems by adopting the Stackelberg game theory. The goal of the control is to drive the mechanical system to follow the prescribed constraints. The system uncertainty is (possibly fast) time-varying and bounded. A β\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \u...
Article
Full-text available
Crowdsourcing and crowd voting systems are being increasingly used in societal, industry, and academic problems (labeling, recommendations, social choice, etc.) due to their possibility to exploit “wisdom of crowd” and obtain good quality solutions, and/or voter satisfaction, with high cost-efficiency. However, the decisions based on crowd vote agg...
Article
Full-text available
Fine root density in the soil is a plant functional trait of paramount importance for plant ecology and agriculture. Fine root proliferation by plants involves complex plant strategies that may depend on various abiotic and biotic factors. Concretely, the root tragedy of the commons (RToC) is a behavioral strategy predicted by game theory models in...
Article
Full-text available
The digital transformation confronts purchasing and supply management (PSM) with numerous new challenges, such as digital procurement objects and the information asymmetry between buyers and suppliers. Existing approaches contributing to PSM research (e. g., the selection of suppliers or the calculation of equilibrium prices) have in common that in...
Preprint
Full-text available
This discussion is aimed at a mixed audience of social theorists and physicists. It proposes to use a formalization of 'trust' as an interaction potential for predicting social behaviours-analogous to the use of energy in physics. It builds on details previously established for virtual processes. Progress in physics advanced quickly once the concep...
Article
Full-text available
Operation risk (OR) has affected sustainable development of urban rail transit (URT) public–private partnership (PPP) projects in China. Balanced distribution of operational risks among stakeholders (the public, government, and private companies) involved in URT PPP projects can maximize overall profit. Quantitative analysis of operational risk all...
Article
Full-text available
With the popularity of on-board intelligent devices, the number of vehicle computing intensive applications is also increasing rapidly. Due to the high mobility and limited computing power of the vehicle, and the extensive and changing demand for computing resources of the vehicle terminal, the vehicle often has insufficient computing power. In ord...
Article
Full-text available
We analyze and evaluate the rules and results at the 2021 Eurovision Song Contest. We first concentrate on the various voting procedures and explore several alternatives (inspired by classical contributions in social choice and game theory) that could make a difference for the results. We also discuss other important issues, such as simplicity, con...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the destructive effects of fossil fuels on the environment, using renewable energies has nowadays been suggested. In addition, because of the increased use of solar energy and the prevention the solar cell supply chain (SCSC), this chain is mainly supported by government funding. In this study, we mathematically model both supply-side and de...
Article
Full-text available
Global warming and e-waste pollution are two major environmental pollution issues that have attracted widespread attention. The government has adopted various measures to reduce carbon emissions from businesses and to make manufacturers responsible for recycling e-waste. In the face of external pressures, more and more companies are implementing su...
Preprint
Full-text available
Predictive Process Analytics is becoming an essential aid for organizations, providing online operational support of their processes. However, process stakeholders need to be provided with an explanation of the reasons why a given process execution is predicted to behave in a certain way. Otherwise, they will be unlikely to trust the predictive mon...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sharing economy has become a socio-economic trend in transportation and housing sectors. It develops business models leveraging underutilized resources. Like those sectors, power grid is also becoming smarter with many flexible resources, and researchers are investigating the impact of sharing resources here as well that can help to reduce cost and...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, a comprehensive evaluation factor model of a truck dispatching system in open-pit mines is constructed from the three dimensions of optimal route, traffic flow planning, and real-time dispatching, and the final combined weight of the factor is determined according to game theory. On this basis, a comprehensive evaluation model of a t...
Preprint
Full-text available
We examined a four-valued logic method for state settings in conflict resolution models. Decision-making models of conflict resolution, such as game theory and graph model for conflict resolution (GMCR), assume the description of a state to be the outcome of a combination of strategies or the consequence of option selection by the decision-makers....
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a systematic literature review and analysis of game theory to model oil and gas scenarios. We select and review 2514 papers from Scopus, present a complex three-dimensional classification of the selected papers, and analyze the resultant citation network. According to the industry-based classification, the surveyed literature ca...
Article
Full-text available
To improve the accuracy of predicting rockburst intensity, game theory and an improved maximum entropy-attribute measure interval model were established. First, by studying the mechanism of rockburst and typical cases, rock uniaxial compressive strength σc, rock compression-tension ratio σc/σt, rock shear compression ratio σθ/σc, rock elastic defor...
Article
Full-text available
Pricing plays an important role in any market competition, but particularly in those businesses that hold a seat in hyper competitive economic activities such as hotels. This paper analyses a market competition between one corporate social responsibility (CSR) hotel and one for profit (FP) hotel, in which both hotels set room prices. We study three...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this article is to introduce a fairness interpretability framework for measuring and explaining the bias in classification and regression models at the level of a distribution. In our work, we measure the model bias across sub-population distributions in the model output using the Wasserstein metric. To properly quantify the contri...
Preprint
Full-text available
A recent trend in multi-party computation is to achieve cryptographic fairness via monetary penalties, i.e. each honest player either obtains the output or receives a compensation in the form of a cryptocurrency. We pioneer another type of fairness, financial fairness, that is closer to the real-world valuation of financial transactions. Intuitivel...
Article
Full-text available
It is seen that businesses that can continue their activities today plan and manage their supply chains effectively. The most important factor enabling the emergence of the supply chain is the use of resources. The most important resource use decision is supplier selection. In this study, it is aimed to assessment the suppliers according to competi...
Article
Full-text available
Distributed leadership pattern has been a topic of growing interest in recent years, recognizing that much remains to be known about this phenomenon. The research on distributed leadership acknowledges that responsibility and power are not exclusively limited to one formal leader, but are distributed between formal and informal leaders. The decisio...
Article
Full-text available
The present work aims to find the optimal solution of Nash Equilibrium (NE) in the traditional Game Theory (GT) applied to water resources allocation. Innovatively, this paper introduces Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) into GT to propose a cooperative game model to solve the NE problem. Firstly, the basic theory of the PSO algorithm and cooperati...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we provide an overall perspective on the teaching and learning of discrete mathematics. Our aim is to highlight what research has been conducted in this area and to connect it to existing research ideas for future work. We begin by characterizing discrete mathematics and its role in the school curriculum, highlighting themes, topics,...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, a non-cooperative game theory-based control strategy is proposed to maximize the generated power for wind turbines under the influence of wake effects. Wind turbines are modeled as self-interested players in the game. Their strategies are their own axial induction coefficients. The goal of decision-making is to achieve their maximum...
Article
Full-text available
The development of the fresh-food e-commerce has led scholars to pay more attention to research on the agricultural product supply chain. This paper analyses the operation mode of the new O2O retail fresh supply chain by constructing the Stackelberg game model, takes the freshness and freshness-keeping efforts of fresh agricultural products as the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Adversarial deep learning is to train robust DNNs against adversarial attacks, which is one of the major research focuses of deep learning. Game theory has been used to answer some of the basic questions about adversarial deep learning such as the existence of a classifier with optimal robustness and the existence of optimal adversarial samples for...
Article
Full-text available
Current electric utilities must achieve reliability enhancement of considerable distribution feeders with an economical budget. Thus, optimal preventive maintenance planning is required to balance the benefits and costs of maintenance programs. In this research, the proposed method determines the time-varying failure rate of each feeder to evaluate...
Article
Full-text available
The energy efficiency sustenance in wireless sensor networks completely depends on the process of clustering to prolong network lifetime. The success of this clustering process completely depends on the cluster head (CH) selection process as potential CH selection prevents frequent clustering and aids in maintaining maximized energy in the network....
Article
Full-text available
This paper addressed the optimal policy selection problem of attacker and sensor in cyber-physical systems (CPSs) under denial of service (DoS) attacks. Since the sensor and the attacker have opposite goals, a two-player zero-sum game is introduced to describe the game between the sensor and the attacker, and the Nash equilibrium strategies are stu...
Article
Full-text available
Introducing neuro-fuzzy concept in decision-making problems, makes a new way in artificial intelligence and expert systems. Sometimes, neural networks are used to optimize certain performances. In general, knowledge acquisition becomes difficult when problem’s variables, constraints, environment, decision maker’s attitude and complex behavior are e...
Article
Full-text available
Investigation of seasonal inconsistency between water consumption and rainfall variation is important for more efficient use of floodwater resources. Adjustment of the flood limited water level (FLWL) is an effective way to improve the floodwater use efficiency. Flood season segmentation provides the basis for determining the FLWL and tapping the p...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduced by the celebrated works of Debreu and Rosen in the 1950s and 60s, concave $n$-person games have found many important applications in Economics and Game Theory. We characterize the computational complexity of finding an equilibrium in such games. We show that a general formulation of this problem belongs to PPAD, and that finding an equil...
Article
Full-text available
Rational verification refers to the problem of checking which temporal logic properties hold of a concurrent/multiagent system, under the assumption that agents in the system choose strategies that form a game theoretic equilibrium. Rational verification can be understood as a counterpart to model checking for multiagent systems, but while classica...
Article
Full-text available
Existing studies of mobile edge computing resource allocation strategy problem merely optimize delay and energy cost, seldom considering the benefit of edge servers. So, a two-way update strategy based on game theory (TUSGT) was proposed. TUSGT converts the task competition relationship among edge servers into a noncollaborative game issue and adop...
Article
Full-text available
Inspired by aquaphotomics, the optical path length of measurement was regarded as a perturbation factor. Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy with multi-measurement modals was applied to the discriminant analysis of three categories of drinking water. Moving window-k nearest neighbor (MW-kNN) and Norris derivative filter were used for modeling and opti...