Science topic

Gambling - Science topic

An activity distinguished primarily by an element of risk in trying to obtain a desired goal, e.g., playing a game of chance for money.
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Publications related to Gambling (10,000)
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Background and aims: Alexithymia and psychological symptomatology have been closely associated with gambling disorder (GD). However, sex differences remain underexplored. This study aims, firstly, to explore the differences between groups (GD and no-GD) and sexes (women vs. men) in alexithymia and psychological symptomatology (depression, anxiety...
Article
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The study was conducted to determine the physical and mechanical properties of 12 species of climbing bamboo collected from Luzon, Island Philippines, viz. bolo [Cyrtochloa fenixii (Gamble) S. Dransf], baitu (Cyrtochloa hirsuta S. Dransf. comb. nov.), luzon bikal [Cyrtochloa luzonica (Gamble) S. Dransf], bikal baboy [Cyrtochloa major (Pilg.) S. Dra...
Article
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The risk for suicidal behaviors including suicide ideations and attempts among individuals with gambling disorder (IWGDs) is high compared to the general population. Little is known about the interplay of mood disorders, alcohol use disorders, and suicidal behaviors among IWGDs. The study aimed to determine the prevalence, sociodemographic characte...
Thesis
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POGO, owned by China, serves global clientele. President Duterte signed Executive Order No. 13 in February 2017 to fight illegal gaming and clarify licensing agencies' powers. POGOs launched in November 2016. The President wants to increase illegal gambling enforcement. This Philippine gaming law prohibits license leasing and sales. When casinos ar...
Article
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Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a comprehensive approach to identifying people at risk of addiction, but its feasibility for gaming disorder is unknown. This study surveyed 88 clinicians from gambling, alcohol and other drugs, and youth services in New Zealand. Results indicated that the most frequent GD screenin...
Article
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Introduction Industries that produce and market potentially harmful commodities or services (eg, tobacco, alcohol, gambling, less healthy foods and beverages) are a major influence on the drivers of behavioural risk factors for non-communicable diseases. The nature and impact of interactions between public bodies and ‘harmful commodity industries’...
Preprint
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In three studies, we explored how MOBA games impact players’ ambiguous decision-making styles (measured by Iowa gambling task [IGT] and Ballon Analog Risk Task [BART]) and risky decision-making styles (measured by possibility discounting task; PDT). Study 1 compared top-ranking (top 5% based on ranking level) and average-ranking League of Legends (...
Article
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Law is used as a guide and protector for every human being who lives in society, there are several kinds of applicable law in Indonesia, namely Indonesian national law and Islamic law. Amid the development of increasingly sophisticated digital technology, digital investment methods in the form of Binary Options have emerged which cause problems in...
Article
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Vocational students are a risk group for problematic substance use and addictive behaviors. The study aim was to evaluate the effects of an app-based intervention on tobacco, e-cigarettes, alcohol, and cannabis use as well as gambling and digital media-related behaviors in the vocational school setting. A total of 277 classes with 4591 students (me...
Article
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Impulse control disorders (ICD) in Parkinson’s disease (PD) frequently occur, not always as a direct consequence of dopaminergic medication. This study investigated premorbid personality traits and behavioural characteristics in non-demented PD patients with self-reported symptoms of ICD (PD-srICD). From a total of 200 non-demented PD patients who...
Article
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Connecting GANs, MFGs, and IOT accessibliy Hamza shef GANs, a series of machine learning approaches for generation, was proposed by [10]. These machine learning algorithms obtained much attention due to their efficiency and simplicity. In a brief period, researchers introduced novel variants of the conventional GAN approach. Furthermore, regarding...
Article
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Introduction Decision making results not only from logical analyses, but seems to be further guided by the ability to perceive somatic information (interoceptive accuracy). Relations between interoceptive accuracy and decision making have been exclusively studied in adults and with regard to complex, uncertain situations (as measured by the Iowa Ga...
Article
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(1) Background: although studies of cognitive functions are still limited in borderline personality disorder (BPD), the initial evidence suggested that BPD patients have deficits of executive functions and social cognition. In addition, patients who report physical and psychic traumatic experiences in childhood and adolescence show considerable neu...
Article
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Comparative analysis of the existing and the modified techniques for solving second-order response surface design problems is considered in this paper. The new technique proffers a better solution procedure with regards to the exploration of near-optimal factors settings as well as the location of the optimum as compared to the "gambling nature" of...
Article
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The present study used network analysis to examine the network properties (network graph, centrality, and edge weights) comprising ten different types of common addictions (alcohol, cigarette smoking, drug, sex, social media, shopping, exercise, gambling, internet gaming, and internet use) controlling for age and gender effects. Participants (N = 9...
Article
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Loot boxes in video games are gambling-like mechanics that players buy to obtain randomised rewards of varying value. Loot boxes are conceptually and psychologically similar to gambling, and loot box expenditure is positively correlated with self-reported problem gambling severity. Citing consumer protection concerns, the Belgian Gaming Commission...
Article
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This study explored patterns of addictive behaviours and mental health symptoms among two distinct, non-treatment-seeking samples. A total of 1612 undergraduate students and 607 community-based adults reported on substance use (alcohol, cannabis, vaping), behavioural addictions (gambling, gaming, shopping, eating, sex), mental health symptoms (depr...
Article
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Both gambling-related problems and trauma have long been associated with substantial costs for individuals, their families, and society. Existing reviews of research on the relationship between trauma and gambling have thus far been limited to quantitative work. A scoping review of published peer-reviewed qualitative research was conducted to synth...
Article
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Much has been written recently in the popular press about the rise of sports gambling, historical horse racing or instant racing (HHR), and esports. However, despite this, some note an overall decline in the popularity of gambling and gaming in general as horse racing (pari-mutuel) wagering has declined dramatically over the decades and as casino a...
Article
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The prevention of problematic online gambling behavior is a topic of major interest for regulators, the gambling industry, and researchers. Many gambling operators approach this issue by using responsible gambling tools. Among such tools, mandatory play breaks are used to interrupt long online gambling sessions, providing "cooling off" periods for...
Article
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Moral luck refers to whether an actor is morally praised or blamed for an action whose outcome they could not influence. In two studies, we investigated the behavioral importance of this phenomenon in the realm of investments, which has become increasingly subject to ethical evaluations. In our first online experiment, we examined whether people's...
Article
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Errors are common in the entrepreneurial world, but the ability to learn from past mistakes can separate successful entrepreneurs from the rest. On the other hand, it has been demonstrated that the average population can anticipate future problems based on emotional signals elicited from past experience—a capacity known as emotion-based learning. T...
Article
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Problem gambling levels amongst elite sportspeople are above populational baseline. We assess gambling in an elite Irish sporting population. An anonymous web-based questionnaire including the validated Problem Gambling Severity Index was distributed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate predictors of moderate/high risk g...
Article
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Many consider moral decisions to follow an internal "moral compass", resistant to social pressures. Here we examine how social influence shapes moral decisions under risk, and how it operates in different decision contexts. We employed an adapted Asian Disease Paradigm where participants chose between certain losses/gains and probabilistic losses/g...
Presentation
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Chinese underworld floods to Thailand-Myanmar river border https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/Asia-Insight/Chinese-underworld-floods-to-Thailand-Myanmar-river-border Chinese underworld floods to Thailand-Myanmar river border Macao squeeze spawns new gambling and trafficking hubs akin to 'penal colonies https://burma.irrawaddy.com/article/2023/01/14/...
Article
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Fast development in oncology prompts expanding endurance of oncologic patients. Increasingly more of them sufficiently live to arrive at either the normal period either going through menopause or, as a result of their oncology treatment, suspension of gonadal capability, prompting untimely ovarian deficiency, with upsetting vasomotor symptoms and l...
Article
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Emotion-based decision making (EBDM) is the capacity to make decisions based on prior emotional consequences of actions. Several neuropsychological tasks, using different gambling paradigms and with different levels of complexity, have been designed to assess EBDM. The Bangor Gambling Task (BGT) was created as a brief and simple card gambling-task...
Article
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Gambling Disorder (GD) has a complex etiology that involves biological and environmental aspects. From a genetic perspective, neurotrophic factors (NTFs) polymorphisms have been associated with the risk of developing GD. The aim of this study was to assess the underlying mechanisms implicated in GD severity by considering the direct and mediational...
Article
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During the COVID-19 pandemic, many new individual investors globally entered the stock markets, often pursuing speculative investment strategies that resemble gambling. A concern is that trading as a form of gambling can become addictive for some people, as documented by several recent studies in developed markets. We contribute to this literature...
Thesis
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The past decade has seen a boom in research dedicated to experiential design in the casino industry, focused on how that design both lures and secures the patronage of customers. However, it is my contention that there has been insufficient attention paid to the reciprocal relationship between casino and patron. Using the Mohegan Sun in Las Vegas a...
Preprint
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Random Number Generators (RNGs) are essential components in a wide variety of applications, ranging from cryptography and gambling to simulation and statistical sampling. In this essay, we will review the state of the art in RNGs, focusing on the last ten years of research. We will begin by discussing the types of RNGs and their uses, before moving...
Preprint
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Decisions such as which movie to watch next, which song to listen to, or which product to buy online, are increasingly influenced by recommender systems and user models that incorporate information on users' past behaviours, preferences, and digitally created content. Machine learning models that enable recommendations and that are trained on user...
Article
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Due to the high threshold requirements of applying for a large number of loans from banks, more and more small and medium-sized enterprises have chosen private placement to raise funds, and the betting agreements have been signed to protect the interests of both enterprises and investors. This paper analyzes the case that the bet agreement was appl...
Article
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The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of length of abstinence on decision making (impulsive choice) and response inhibition (impulsive action) in former opiate users (OU). Participants included 45 OU in early remission [0-12 months of abstinence], 68 OU in sustained remission [>12 months of abstinence], and 68 control participants...
Article
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Sustainable investing, also called socially responsible, is at the heart of the concept of sustainable finance. Some researchers trace its roots back to ancient times with the Bible and Qur'an's guidelines and rules for investing money and doing business. More recently, socially responsible investing is associated with the investment companies' pra...
Article
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Background Vulnerability to suicidality is a concern among older adults, particularly as this proportion of the population is growing. Determining what factors contribute to suicidality will help to create a framework for understanding and assessing suicidal risk among older adults and developing effective treatments. This study examined suicidalit...
Article
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Mahathir Mohamad's autocratic leadership over Malaysia for decades has left the country with a reputation for being, at best, a hybrid system. The country witnessed the rise of the internet during Mahathir's first term as prime minister, which led to the establishment of the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) in 1998 to overs...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has amplified several psychosocial risks and problem behaviors among vulnerable individuals. Given that gambling has high addictive potential, it is important to consider the underlying mechanisms of problem gambling. This study examined psychosocial factors associated with pandemic-time problem gambling. Cross-sectional data...
Article
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There is a need for evidence-based guidelines for gamblers who wish to reduce their risk of harm by setting self-directed limits on their gambling. Recognizing this, the Canadian Low-Risk Gambling Guidelines were developed using data from 8 countries to establish the relationship between gambling behaviour and harm. The guidelines include recommend...
Article
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We present the results of a field study examining the effect of losses disguised as wins (LDWs) on subsequent slot machine gambler betting behavior. An LDW occurs when the amount won is less than the amount bet. Using non-experimental, individual transaction gambling data, we examine post LDW betting behavior in a panel of 42,669 gamblers and 17 mi...
Article
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Background The commercial determinants of health include a range of practices to promote business interests, often at the expense of public health. Corporate political practices, such as lobbying and campaign donations, are used to influence policy makers and foster a political and regulatory environment conducive to business interests. Despite rec...
Article
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Problematic gambling has been suggested to be a possible consequence of dopaminergic medications used mainly in neurological conditions, i.e. pramipexole and ropinirole, and possibly by one antipsychotic compound, aripiprazole. Patients with Parkinson’s disease, restless legs syndrome and other conditions potentially treated with dopamine agonists,...
Article
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Introduction: Gambling disorder (GD) is classified among the addictive disorders in the DSM-5 and the severity of the diagnosis can be specified as mild, moderate and severe. It has been seen that individuals with more severe gambling problems have a higher rate of comorbid disorders and other health problems compared to individuals with a milder...
Article
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Engagement in underage gambling remains a public health concern. Risk factors for the development of gambling behaviours in adolescence include the presence of externalizing and/or internalizing problems. This study aims to better understand the role of co-occurrence between externalizing and internalizing symptoms from childhood to adolescence in...
Article
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This study investigates the tail-risk and returns relationship in an emerging equity market—India. We observe both the beta and the tail risk anomalies at the univariate portfolio level. However, after controlling for the lottery effects (MAX and idiosyncratic volatility), the relationship between the systematic tail risk measures and the expected...
Thesis
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Abstract The systems that operate with the flowing production system which connected their parts are connected, respectively, makes the maintenance schedule is unstable, because damages occur at different times, and this is considered one of the main problems facing industrial systems. For example (power plants, cement factories, and water desalina...
Article
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Background The purpose of this study was to investigate the perception of mental health problems and health risk behaviors among Swedish male elite soccer players and their attitudes toward possible prevention strategies. Method Twenty elite soccer players, aged 15–30 years, were recruited through purposive sampling and interviewed via a digital v...
Article
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Recent changes in the Swiss gambling context include the introduction of a new gambling policy (Swiss Federal Act on Gambling; GA), and the associated opening of the online gambling market. Within this context it is important to observe evolving trends in gambling behavior. This study therefore aims to identify the gambling behavior and clinical ch...
Article
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Background: Although gaming is a common arena where children socialize, an increasing number of children are exhibiting signs of problem gaming or internet gaming disorder. An important factor to the development of problem gaming is parent-child relationships. A cognitive behavioral therapy-based form of treatment, labeled relapse prevention, has...
Article
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Nowadays, entertainment is one of the biggest industries, which continues to expand. In this study, the problem of estimating the consolation prize as a fraction of the jackpot is dealt with, which is an important issue for each casino and gambling club. Solving the problem leads to the computation of multidimensional integrals. For that purpose, m...
Article
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We estimate the social surplus of gambling in France by adding three components: consumer surplus, producer surplus and taxation revenue. To estimate consumer surplus, we use the rational benchmark approach, which attributes a loss of welfare (i.e. a negative surplus) to problem gamblers depending on their level of excess spending compared with rec...
Article
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Background and aims: Youth gambling research mainly focuses on the illegal use of age-restricted machines, but coin pusher and crane grab machines are gambling machines that can be used by people of any age in the UK, and are also in use internationally. Previous cross-sectional evidence has associated recollected childhood usage of these machines...
Article
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Introduction The purpose of this study was to explore clinical differences in Swedish treatment-seeking men and women with gambling disorder (GD). As the prevalence of GD is increasing among women, even though men are still highly overrepresented, the characteristic differences between men and women seeking treatment become increasingly important....
Article
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Aim To longitudinally examine if the results of cognitive tasks or brain function during emotional or cognitive tasks can predict relapse in alcohol use disorder. Methods We selected 41 patients with alcohol use disorder during hospitalization. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) measured the relative change in oxygenated hemoglobin in t...
Conference Paper
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The convergence of gaming and gambling has become increasingly prominent in recent years, most notably in the context of esports. Consequently, there has been a recent surge of literature investigating this phenomenon. This convergence is often driven by the commercial advantages it offers, yet there are concerns over the effects of mixing gambling...
Article
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The association between sensation-seeking and gambling is well established, yet the research on mediators of this relationship is limited. The proposed model of the present study includes sensation seeking as an antecedent variable, danger invulnerability as a mediator, and gambling frequency as an outcome variable.Self-report data obtained from a...
Article
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Background and aims This research aimed to characterize social information processing abilities in a population of regular nondisordered poker players compared to controls. Methods Participants completed the Posner cueing paradigm task including social cues (faces) to assess attention allocation towards social stimuli, including the effect of the...
Article
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Morinda reticulata Gamble possesses a substantial amount of polyphenolic antimicrobial compounds that can be used for controlling the growth of pathogenic microorganisms. The purpose of this study was to assess the antibacterial and antifungal activity of Morinda reticulata Gamble extracts against antibiotic-resistant pathogenic bacteria and toxin...
Article
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Butler and Pogrebna (2018) devised triples of three-branch gambles theorized to violate transitivity of preference according to a most probable winner model. According to this model, a person chooses the option that has the higher probability to yield a better outcome than the other alternative. They tested 11 triples with 100 participants and foun...
Article
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Risk and reward are negatively correlated in a wide variety of environments, and in many cases this trade off approximates a fair bet. Pleskac and Hertwig (2014) recently proposed that people have internalized this relationship and use it as the basis for probability estimation and subsequent choice under conditions of uncertainty. Specifically, th...
Article
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Patients with gambling disorder (GD) frequently present other mental disorders, such as substance use disorder (SUDs), attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), mood disorders, and impulse-control disorders. We propose that GD should not be conceptualized as a single nosological entity, but rather as a gambling dual disorder (GDD). This stud...
Article
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Stress can affect people’s judgment and make them take risky decisions. Abnormal decision-making behavior is a core symptom of psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety, depression, and substance abuse. However, the neuronal mechanisms underlying such impairments are largely unknown. The anterior insular cortex (AIC) is a crucial structure to integrat...
Article
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The relative difference of resting EEG frontal alpha activation between left and right hemispheres (FAA; i.e., asymmetry) correlates with global approach and avoidance tendencies. FAA may relate to problems with executive and affective functioning in children with neurodevelopmental differences, including autism and ADHD. We (1) characterize relati...
Article
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Aim: Internet addiction is referred to as a form of technology addiction (such as computer addiction) and sub category of behavioural addictions (such as obsessive gambling addiction). (Griffiths, 1999). Stress is defined as “the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change”. (Hans Salye, 1936). Coping with stress is the process by w...
Article
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In this paper, we attempt to unpack the nature of revealed inconsistencies in two measures of risk preferences for a sample of young African South Africans. The first measure is a self-reported propensity to take risk in general, and the second is a risk preference elicited through a hypothetical financial gamble. We find that the majority of indiv...
Article
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Gambling is widely considered a socially acceptable form of recreation. However, for a small minority of individuals, it can become both addictive and problematic with severe adverse consequences. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to provide an overview of prevalence studies published between 2016 and the first quarter of 2022...
Article
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In gambling contexts, near-misses tend to be perceived as more aversive yet elicit greater motivation to continue playing than clear losses. The current research aimed to examine these effects in the context of situational and dispositional social power. In a pre-registered online study, Hong Kong Chinese undergraduate students (N = 238) with varyi...
Article
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The structural addictive characteristics of gambling products are important targets for prevention, but can be unintuitive to laypeople. In the PictoGRRed (Pictograms for Gambling Risk Reduction) study, we aimed to develop pictograms that illustrate the main addictive characteristics of gambling products and to assess their impact on identifying th...
Article
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Aim: To study the prevalence and patterns of problematic gaming and gambling during the COVID-19 pandemic and the association with psychiatric traits and major types of anxiety categories. Method: 1067 young adults participated in both wave 3 (2018) and wave 4 (2021) of the SALVe Cohort. Associations with psychiatric symptoms and anxiety were exami...