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This is a review of Soil Grown Tall: The Epic Saga of Life from Earth , by Gregory J. Retallack. In this book, Retallack shows how soils and life have coevolved over the last 3.5 billion years, and what soils tell us about the environments in which various terrestrial organisms have evolved and flourished. A theme of the book is the Proserpina Prin...
Preprint
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Humanity may underestimate the rate of natural global catastrophes because of the survival bias (“anthropic shadow”). But the resulting reduction of the Earth’s future habitability duration is not very large in most plausible cases (1-2 orders of magnitude) and thus it looks like we still have at least millions of years. However, anthropic shadow...
Presentation
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The Gaia hypothesis was formulated by the chemist James Lovelock and co-developed by the microbiologist Lynn Margulis in the 1970s  Gaia is a super-organism in which we exist Gaia is a super-organism in which life evolved Biology is a branch of science that deals with living organisms and their vital processes Biology evolution is evolution of liv...
Presentation
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The Gaia hypothesis was formulated by the chemist James Lovelock and co-developed by the microbiologist Lynn Margulis in the 1970s I regard Gaia is a super-organism in which life evolved  The Baltimore classification, developed by David Baltimore, is a virus classification system that groups viruses into seven classes. It serves as corner stone fo...
Article
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Now that we know that Earth-like planets are ubiquitous in the universe, as well as that most of them are much older than the Earth, it is justified to ask to what extent evolutionary outcomes on other such planets are similar, or indeed commensurable, to the outcomes we perceive around us. In order to assess the degree of specialty or mediocrity o...
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The Anthropocene has created a new cartography. It moves between the rejection of scientific disciplines, overcoming dualism and a change of coordinates with which to interpret the world. The Anthropocene unites two fields of knowledge: geology and anthropology. The “Axial Age” divides daily practices (the World of life) and the objective view of n...
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This paper reflects on the environmental effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, the environmentalist view of the planetary system's holism, and the anthro-pause. Referenced are religious traditions and the philosophies of three early mid-20 th century marine biologists who are considered founders of the modern environmentalist movement-Edward F. Rickett...
Preprint
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Now that we know that Earth-like planets are ubiquitous in the universe, as well as that most of them are much older than the Earth, it is justified to ask to what extent evolutionary outcomes on other such planets are similar, or indeed commensurable, to the outcomes we perceive around us. In order to assess the degree of specialty or mediocrity o...
Article
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Participants of this imaginary conference were invited to share their thoughts on Hieronymus Bosch'spainting The Haywain from the perspective of their own discipline. The opening presentation shows themiddle part of the Triptichon as a social system that while dissipating the gifts of Paradise is running towardthe inferno. The lecturer of "The Beau...
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The large quantity of marine methane hydrates has driven substantial interest in methane-gas-fuel potential, especially with the qualified success of Shensu (2017) and Nankai-Trough (2014 & 17) production trials via depressurisation (blighted ultimately by sanding out), building on an earlier Malik-2008 trial for permafrost-bound hydrate. In partic...
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The large quantity of marine methane hydrates has driven substantial interest in methane-gas-fuel potential [4-5], especially with the qualified success of Shensu (2017) and Nankai-Trough (2014 & 17) production trials via depressurisation (blighted ultimately by sanding out) [4], building on an earlier Malik-2008 trial for permafrost-bound hydrate....
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Aim: The purpose of this study is to show that non-trivial mathematics can be helpful in all three research directions that relate computing and environment: using computers to solve environment-related problems, making computers more environment-friendly, and using environmental processes themselves to help us compute. Methods: In this study, we u...
Preprint
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The Anthropocene has created a new cartography. Various disciplines and discourses overlap each other. Two fields of knowledge: geology and anthropology are unified in one single concept. The Axial Age separated everyday practices from an unbiased and objective view of the world. Romanticism, in the nineteenth century, challenged the separation bet...
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Current physics commonly qualifies the Earth system as ‘complex’ because it includes numerous different processes operating over a large range of spatial scales, often modelled as exhibiting non-linear chaotic response dynamics and power scaling laws. This characterization is based on the fundamental assumption that the Earth’s complexity could, in...
Article
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An anthropologist imagines COVID-19 as a wise representative of Earth who is sharing a vital message with humans
Conference Paper
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An author’s classification of the interpretations of the concept of the “noosphere” (I. "Natural" Trend: 1) Ecological approach to the interpretation of the concept of the “noosphere”; 2) Natural Information Approach; 3) Theologically-Teleological Approach. II. "Technocratic" Trend: 1) Reductionist Approach; 2) Technological Information Approach; 3...
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This article analyzes Le monde enfin by the French writer Jean-Pierre Andrevon as an example of the relation between the new fantastic and ecology. Adopting canonical fantastic theories as a point of reference, it presents the development of the new fantastic as a genre and Andrevon’s important place in this literary field. Thereafter, it examines...
Article
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We formalize the Gaia hypothesis about the Earth climate system using advances in theoretical biology based on the minimization of variational free energy. This amounts to the claim that non-equilibrium steady-state dynamics—that underwrite our climate—depend on the Earth system possessing a Markov blanket. Our formalization rests on how the metabo...
Article
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The artwork presented here is motivated by the wish to communicate an assumed underlying higher-dimensional space grid for the Universe. It was presented in the digital 3D animated opera named GAIA 5.0. – A Holographic Image Ambience, a big data visualisation project that proposes a 5-dimensional (suffix 5.0) geometric visualization of the Earth fr...
Preprint
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The paper begins with a retrospective of the debates on the origin of life: the virus or the cell? The virus needs a cell for replication, instead the cell is a more evolved form on the evolutionary scale of life. In addition, the study of viruses raises pressing conceptual and philosophical questions about their nature, their classification, and t...
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The article discusses the development of the Gaia Hypothesis as it was defined by James Lovelock in the 1970s and later elaborated in his collaboration with biologist Lynn Margulis. Margulis’s research in symbiogenesis and her interest in Maturana and Varela’s theory of autopoiesis helped to reshape the Gaia theory from a first-order systems theory...
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From the existentialism of Albert Camus and Sartre, to the replacement of the exclusion ritual with the disciplinary mechanism of Michel Foucault, an ideal form of control of state authorities of all forms of "disorder", and viral modernity and bioinformationalism. And about the Gaia hypothesis, developed by James Lovelock and supported in the curr...
Article
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The relationship between heavenly bodies and earthly behavior along with its importance took many centuries before the rigor scientific understanding enabled the true influences on Earth, such as its complicated motion and perceived other regularities in the behavior of earthly objects. One of these was the tendency for all things in one vicinity t...
Preprint
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Everything that surrounds us is our environment. In fact, with reference to any creature, everything excluding it in the universe is its environment. In its constricted meaning environment is supposed to be all matter, energy and their interaction with biological systems on earth. Earth being a living planet (recall the Gaia hypothesis of James Lov...
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The triumph of the Gaia hypothesis was to spot the extraordinary influence of Life on the Earth. ‘Life’ is the clade including all extant living beings, as distinct from ‘life’ the class of properties common to all living beings. ‘Gaia’ is Life plus its effects on habitability. Life’s influence on the Earth was hard to spot for several reasons: bio...
Presentation
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Birth of Gaia Coronavirus epidemic was unexpected and devastating experience, triggered by an obscure virus. It started as a flu like infection and turned into global epidemic. Traditional medical therapy failed to curb coronavirus. Coronavirus epidemic is an outcome of a false medical theory . In order to avoid similar disasters in the future medi...
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Malevolence and benevolence are the part and parcel of a human soul, though what makes you great is the invocation of the right spirit at the right time. Maleficent has been a villain in Disney's Sleeping Beauty film though the revamped version of her in 2014 put forth a magnanimous protagonist. This paper attempts to analyse Maleficent as an ecofe...
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Earth System Science (ESS) is a rapidly emerging transdisciplinary endeavour aimed at understanding the structure and functioning of the Earth as a complex, adaptive system. Here, we discuss the emergence and evolution of ESS, outlining the importance of these developments in advancing our understanding of global change. Inspired by early work on b...
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This book summarizes the scientific evidence for three of the most radical theories that are changing our basic ideas about Life and Biology: Symbiotic Evolution, the Gaia Hypothesis and the radical Five-Kingdom classification of all life forms. Lynn Margulis is best qualified to discuss these topics as she was either the originator or a major deve...
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James Lovelock, now 100, is an independent scientist and futurist. His latest book, Novacene, builds on his previous work on the Gaia hypothesis to postulate that we are quickly approaching the end of the Anthropocene and the beginning of a new geological age, the Novacene, characterized by the emergence of electronic life, with the distinctive cap...
Chapter
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The introductory comment revisits older discussions in medieval studies about the “Crisis of the Fourteenth Century,” connecting it - as recent studies suggest - to a general increase in the intensity and frequency of natural extreme events between the turn of the century and the ravages of the Black Death in mid-century. New approaches to this per...
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The various approaches to environmental ethics are ill adapted for global environmental issues. By assigning moral values to living beings, or ecosystems, they show a concern for local or even regional issues. The article defends a new type of moral value. The Gaia value is based on the knowledge acquired through the Gaia hypothesis and the Earth s...
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This article elucidates the perspective of The Lithia Trilogy, written by Blair Richmond, towards environment. This research is executed based on ecocriticism, a literary approach which focuses on the exploration of environmental issues in literary works. The theory is taken from Laurence Buell on the meaning of ecocriticism. From the analysis of t...
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This research elucidated the perspective of The Lithia Trilogy (Out of Breath, The Ghost Runner, and The Last Mile), written by Blair Richmond, towards the environment. It was executed based on ecocriticism, a research method which focused on the exploration of environmental issues in literary works. The theory was taken from Laurence Buell on the...
Preprint
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The search for an inhabited planet, beyond our own, is a driver of planetary exploration in our solar system and beyond. Using information from our own planet to inform search strategies allows for a targeted search. It is, however, worth considering some span in the strategy and in a priori expectation. An inhabited, Earth-like planet is one that...
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Resumen Se propone la incorporación de la hipótesis Gaia al sustento epistémico de los proyectos de educación ambiental. Se discute la posición de esta en el contexto del holismo ambientalista y los denominados saberes emergentes que, sobre bases ético-humanistas, complejas y con sentido cultural, están dirigidos a preservar la especie humana. Se s...
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Good readings of the Gaia hypothesis of James Lovelock understand the theory as positing multiple, interlocking Earth systems, characterized by rapidly-changing feedback loops, in a way that is harmonious both with Darwinian evolution and contemporary climate science. The dawning of the geologic epoch of the Anthropocene offers little comfort for t...
Book
Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions, 2006, Vol. 11. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/329912519 ; Editor: Sergei A. Ostroumov; MAX Press; Texts of the papers that are published in this volume, in English, in Russian, 219p. ** Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions, 2006, Vol. 11. Editor: Sergei A.Ostroumov; MAX Press. Тексты статей, опуб...
Article
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The search for an inhabited planet, other than our own, is a driver of planetary exploration in our solar system and beyond. Using information from our own planet to inform search strategies allows for a targeted search. It is, however, worth considering some span in the strategy and in a priori expectation. An inhabited, Earth-like planet is one t...
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This article analyzes how the author and environmental activist Carl Amery draws together the topics of Catholicism and ecological criticism in the pilgrimage novel Die Wallfahrer, or The Pilgrims (1986). The novel depicts the journeys of four pilgrims to the Marian shrine at Tuntenhausen in Bavaria. In their journeys towards the surprising and uno...
Conference Paper
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The history of clothing is also the history of the relationship between humanity and the natural world. Nowadays, this relationship has come full circle. The global Fashion system seems quite clearly divorced from nature, since its functioning relies on the depletion of natural resources. The human determination to subjugate the natural world could...
Article
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The search for an inhabited planet, other than our own, is a driver of planetary exploration in our solar system and beyond. Using information from our own planet to inform search strategies allows for a targeted search. It is, however, worth considering some span in the strategy and in a priori expectation. An inhabited Earth-like planet is one th...
Chapter
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We anchor the complementary duality of African (Igbo) three-valued thought logic on the Igbo-Ukwu bronze torus artefact (c. 1,000- 5, 000 BC) representation of a solution of the well-known three-body problem of classical mechanics, namely the problem of the system of the Sun (Father-Nna), Earth (Mother-Nne) and Moon (Son-Nwa) and discuss the implic...
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Resumen. Este artículo examina la cuestión de la prioridad y la simultaneidad de descubrimientos en el contexto del descubrimiento del sistema periódico. Se argumenta que más que ser anómalos, los descubrimientos simultáneos son la regla. Más aún, argumento que el descubrimiento de la tabla periódica por al menos seis autores en el período de siete...
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Resumen: sobre la base de una democracia " eco-sistémica " que busca conservar la bio-diversidad a través del reconocimiento de la co-evolución entre naturaleza y cultura, el Constitucionalismo andino se presenta como la expresión de un constitucionalismo contra-he-gemónico, en su apuesta por la construcción, mediante nuevos mecanismos participativ...
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Excerpt The Gaia hypothesis was formulated for the first time in 1979 by the British biologist James Lovelock. According to this conception, the Earth should be seen as a macro-organism whose purpose is to keep constant the basic ecological conditions that are necessary for the presence of life on the planet's surface. However, often with the suppo...
Article
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Proposed in the early 1970's, the Gaia hypothesis suggests that our planet earth has a self-regulating ability to maintain a stable condition for life. Tropical cyclone (TC) is one of the earth's most hazardous disasters; it is intriguing to explore whether 'Gaia-like' processes may exist in nature to regulate TC activities. El Niño can shift the f...
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The article examines the question of priority and simultaneous discovery in the context of the discovery of the periodic system. It is argued that rather than being anomalous, simultaneous discovery is the rule. Moreover, I argue that the discovery of the periodic system by at least six authors in over a period of 7 years represents one of the best...
Chapter
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In this essay, the history of the “Gaia hypothesis” is used as an example for dilemmas in science communication. James Lovelock invented and developed the idea of Gaia, while Lynn Margulis defended it and worked out a “metatheory” according to which scientific data are exaggerated into the image of the Earth as an organism. Heated reactions to Gaia...
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Permaculture design is a concept that aims at transforming not only agriculture, but also city planning, architecture, development, etc. In short it aims to change human habitats. It is part of a new ecological paradigm that is currently spreading in popularity from the urban gardening movement to various other alternative movements such as the slo...
Book
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The following paper explains the concept of dependent origination and its place in Buddhist Dharma (teaching).Dependent origination is then described as a heuristic and discussed in relation to James Lovelock’s GAIA hypothesis, the solar system, the economic system, the social environment, event phenomena and entrepreneurial opportunity, consciousn...
Article
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James Lovelock’s vision of Earth as a living cybernetic system is popular again. The surprising new preacher of Gaia is Bruno Latour. He uses the concept to refer to a holistic understanding of Earth, in which mankind is situated as integral part. Gaia becomes the catalyst and fundament for his philosophical attempt to design a new believe-system i...
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Intensively developing from 1970s environmental ethics is promoted most of all by the philosophers and philosophizing naturalists. Various attitudes are worked out, which differ deeply ontologically, anthropologically and axiologically. In this article ethics of Edward Goldsmith is presented. Goldsmith understands biosphere as a systemic whole, whi...
Article
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Reconstructed temperatures through the Phanerozoic indicate a gradual cooling or, at best, no significant temperature trend despite a 4.4% increase in solar heating. It is possible that an underlying warming trend has simply been swamped by “noise” due to significant data-errors and/or natural fluctuations. Alternatively, the lack of warming may in...
Article
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The Earth, with its core-driven magnetic field, convective mantle, mobile lid tectonics, oceans of liquid water, dynamic climate and abundant life is arguably the most complex system in the known universe. This system has exhibited stability in the sense of, bar a number of notable exceptions, surface temperature remaining within the bounds require...
Conference Paper
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The talk addresses the Gaia hypothesis with a HPS (history and philosophy of science) approach, with particular attention to its relationships with symbiosis-oriented views of life and evolution. It looks at recent scientific literature which, although rarely explicitly, could be relevant to probe it empirically. However, if we accept the challenge...
Article
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The planet undergoes an environmental crisis with rising levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and un- precedented rates of species extinction. Contemporary man begins to understand that such problems threaten his own survival. We examine this scenario under the light of the Gaia hypothesis that forwards the notion of dynamic stability of li...
Article
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The question of ‘virtual’ versus ‘hands-on’ experience in OU science teaching is very topical, but that’s not what this paper is about (sorry!). Rather, it’s about the constructive integration between the two kinds of evidence in research today, particularly in my own area of specialist interest — evolution. Science involves testing between competi...
Article
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The paper explains the concept of dependent origination and its place in Buddhist Dharma (teaching). Dependent origination is then described as a heuristic and discussed in relation to James Lovelock’s GAIA hypothesis, the solar system, the economic system, the social environment, event phenomena and entrepreneurial opportunity, consciousness and s...
Article
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Research linking design to sustainability surfaced in the 1970s and has since received broad attention in academic and professional literature. Rachel Carson's book Silent Spring from 1962 and the Gaia hypothesis of James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis from 1974 inspired design, among many other disciplines, to search for an appropriate balance between...
Conference Paper
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This paper tells the story of a personal journey towards an understanding of spirituality. It begins in the context of the author’s professional practice as a community educator in the 1980s and ends with brief reflections on her current work with postgraduate students who are also professional educators and researchers in universities and other ed...
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Recently, Kleidon suggested to analyze Gaia as a non-equilibrium thermodynamic system that continuously moves away from equilibrium, driven by maximum entropy production which materializes in hierarchically coupled mechanisms of energetic flows via dissipation and physical work. I relate this view with Kauffman's 'Fourth Law of Thermodynamics', whi...
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STEPHEN Hawking recently advised that we ought not to make contact with intelligent aliens, because they would be so much more advanced than us. He states, “I think the outcome would be much as when Christopher Columbus first landed in America, which didn’t turn out very well for the Native Americans” (Hawking 2010). He suggests that aliens might s...
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Affective Ecology is a new branch of ecology concerned with emotional relationships between human beings and the rest of the living world. The basic instinct that guides the evolution and maturation of a well-tuned relationship with the living world seems to be biophilia, our innate tendency to focus upon life and life-like forms and, in some insta...
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The coupled biosphere-atmosphere system entails a vast range of processes at different scales, from ecosystem exchange fluxes of energy, water and carbon to the processes that drive global biogeochemical cycles, atmospheric composition and, ultimately, the planetary energy balance. These processes are generally complex with numerous interactions an...
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The Human Civilization is on the verge of collapse within itself. Humanity’s sustainable behavior is the foundation towards the World’s ecological protection and towards a realistic World’s sustainable macro-economy; nurturing Human Mind is the key to the long term success. The roll of States and Governments, Schools and Universities along with Rel...
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Chinese environmentalists have called for an ecological civilization. To promote this, ecology is defended as the core science embodying process metaphysics, and it is argued that as such ecology can serve as the foundation of such a civilization. Integrating hierarchy theory and Peircian semiotics into this science, it is shown how “community” and...
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So what is the link if any between economic management theory and sustainability? Is it the interrelatedness of the world international economies; but alongside connectedness comes vulnerabilities? as I reflect on the impact of the economic turmoil and the deepening economic contractions of late 2008.Since economic traditions are migrating towards...
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Tides raised on a planet by the gravity of its host star can reduce the planet's orbital semi-major axis and eccentricity. This effect is only relevant for planets orbiting very close to their host stars. The habitable zones of low-mass stars are also close in, and tides can alter the orbits of planets in these locations. We calculate the tidal evo...
Conference Paper
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Based on the findings of a Master of Creative Arts Degree (Green Man Resurrected: An Examination of the Underlying Meanings and Messages of the Re-Emergence of the Ancient Image of the Green Man in Contemporary, Western, Visual Culture) a workshop was presented at the annual Being Woman Festival, Ewen Maddock Dam Reserve, Sunshine Coast, March 2007...
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Gaia theory has provided scopes for new discussions especially in the context of environmental science identity and philosophy, modeling, and developed studies in the area of climatology in the last two decades. Gaia theory has resulted in the creation of new supporting groups particularly the echo feminist parties. Such parties believe that human...
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John Gray’s recent ‘post‐humanist’ turn can be seen as a shift in his thinking in a more ‘Green’ direction, accepting as it does central tenets of the Green critique of unfettered markets and the unsustainable pursuit of orthodox economic growth amongst others. However, the ‘Greening’ of Gray’s thought is limited to a narrowly ‘ecological’ and scie...
Article
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The Gaia hypothesis, which proposes that Earth's biota and material environment form a self-regulating system, has been influential in conservation biology, but it has not translated into specific guidelines. Proponents of phylogenetics and ecology often claim primacy over the foundations of conservation biology, a debate that has deep roots in phi...
Article
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Are there any general principles that govern the way in which life affects Earth system functioning? Most prominently, the Gaia hypothesis addresses this question by proposing that near-homeostatic conditions on Earth have been maintained by and for the biosphere. Here the role of the biota in the Earth system is described from a viewpoint of noneq...
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My analysis of the controversies in AIDS science demonstrates that due to the influence of the allopathic scientific collective, the course of mainstream research about the disease has been overdetermined. During the disease’s early outbreaks, allopathic medicine dominated medical discourse. As a result, AIDS science focused on infectious rather th...
Article
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The uncertainties surrounding global climate change provide ample evidence, if any were necessary, of the need for a whole-system view of the Earth. Arguably the most visible – and controversial – attempt to understand Earth as a system has been Lovelock's Gaia theory. Gaia has been a fruitful hypothesis generator, and has prompted many intriguing...
Article
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At the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries, a few Russian scientists proposed an interrelated hypothesis on the coevolution of life and the environment. Because political, linguistic, and cultural barriers between Russia and the rest of the world existed through most of the twentieth century, many of their concepts ar...
Article
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Organisms can greatly affect their environments, and the feedback coupling between organisms and their environments can shape the evolution of both. Beyond these generally accepted facts, the Gaia hypothesis advances three central propositions: (1) that biologically mediated feedbacks contribute to environmental homeostasis, (2) that they make the...
Article
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The Gaia hypothesis of Lovelock states that life regulates Earth's functioning for its own benefit, maintaining habitable, or even optimum conditions for life. But what is beneficial? What is good for one species, may be bad for another. Problems associated with this important, but ill-defined hypothesis make it difficult to test. In order to addre...
Conference Paper
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‘Earth System Science’ is the unifying term for a new approach to studying our planet as a whole. Key to this new science is James Lovelock’s Gaia theory. Lovelock saw that life transforms the atmosphere, oceans and land surface, and that together they form a whole system with remarkable properties of self-regulation and rganisation, which he calle...
Article
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Considers that in ecosystem, landscape and global ecology, an energetics reading of ecological systems is an expression of a cybernetic, systemic and holistic approach. In ecosystem ecology, the Odumian paradigm emphasizes the concept of emergence, but it has not been accompanied by the creation of a method that fully respects the complexity of the...
Article
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Mining and mineral processing belong to the activities with a mostly negative impact on the environment. GAIA hypothesis should help us to understand the basic mechanisms of planetary homeostasis, influenced by human activities. Principles of the geoethics should help to respect the limits of disturbances and loading capacity of ecosystems, which h...
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This is a PDF version of an article published in Studies in Christian ethics© 1996. The definitive version is available at http://sce.sagepub.com This article discusses the Gaia hypothesis - the earth as a giant ecosystem. It comments on scientific models of Gaia (the interconnected model, the homeostatic process model, the cooperative evolutionary...
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It is commonly assumed that competition is a theoretically necessary component of any instance of natural selection. This erroneous assumption makes it unnecessarily difficult to authenticate specific cases of group selection. With its elimination the Gaia hypothesis, for example, becomes theoretically possible.
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In view of the man-induced transformations of the global environment science and society are forced to question the present-day human-nature relationship and to search for solutions to the increasing ecological problems. “A new look at life on Earth” resulting in a potentially new relationship between man and nature was proposed by James Lovelock i...
Article
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The Gaia hypothesis states that the atmosphere, hydrosphere, surface sediments, and life on Earth behave dynamically as a single integrated physiological system. What has been traditionally viewed as the passive environment is a highly active, integral part of the gaian system. Aspects of the surface temperature and chemistry are regulated by the s...
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Disclaimer: This is a machine generated PDF of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace original scanned PDF. Neither Cengage Learning nor its licensors make any representations or warranties with respect to the machine generated PDF. The PDF is automaticall...
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In 1968, Lovelock proposed that the Earth's biosphere, atmosphere, oceans, and soils form a single living organism, which he called Gaia after the Greek Earth goddess. This entity constitutes a feedback system which supposedly seeks an optimal physical and chemical environment for life on Earth. Most scientists accept a weaker version of the hypoth...
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This book is a hybrid ecology text and citizen's guide to protecting the environment. The core of the book is organized into eight chapters focusing on the life-support environment, levels of ecological organization, the ecosystem, energetics, material cycles and physical conditions of existence in ecosystems, population ecology, development and ev...
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The Gaia hypothesis' central theme is that biological processes homeostatically maintain, on a planetary scale, geochemical and climatic conditions favorable for life. A number of distinct hypotheses have been proposed, spanning a range from the self-evident to the highly speculative. The self-evident forms of Gaia reiterate the well-documented fac...
Article
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The potential sensitivity of global mean albedo and temperature to N prompted a novel suggestion consistent with the Gaia hypothesis for regulation of global climate by marine phytoplankton. Certain species of coccolithophores excrete dimethylsulfide (DMS), and this DMS is arguably the principal source of reduced sulfur gases in the global atmosphe...
Article
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The purpose of this article is to review and integrate a number of concepts and perspectives recently developed or revived which challenge society's current attitudes towards the environment. The concepts discussed include, for example, ecophilosophy and deep ecology, holism, cultural transformation, the Gaia hypothesis, transpersonalism and world,...
Article
James E. Lovelock, famed for his Gaia hypothesis , which views the Earth as a living integrated and interconnected self-regulating system whose equilibrium comes about from complex energy-based interactions and feedback loops, ultimately sustaining life, passed away at the end of July, 2022 at the age of 103. Not only are the adaptive mechanisms of...