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Futurology - Science topic

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Publications related to Futurology (751)
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This paper describes the present and the future of the energy sector in relation to the dominant and constantly evolving form of the global economic system. These considerations have their starting point in transformations of the energy sector in prosumer capitalism, which has dramatically changed the picture of the global economy in recent years....
Research
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Major media corporations in the West have begun to use AI (Artificial Intelligence) to write news. In Indonesia, news site Beritagar.id is the first to use AI to write news. Is "artificial intelligence" technological development the final sign of human role as news reporters? For science fiction genre film fans, Skynet artificial intelligence or AI...
Article
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The role of advertising animation film as a political motivate in the contemporary reality strategy through multimedia in the research scale of universal unilateral force" America". and this reflection on the animation industry, which made the US authorities and capital owners as a political motivate towards political trends and political changes w...
Article
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The thought disorders issue is common for the literature and is supposed to be used in different ways: from revealing the conundrum between the psychic of the character and the outer world to creation of the hypertext, multifunctional view of the text world. It was S. Lem who did use the thought disorders to create the fantasy view of the world whi...
Article
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Contemporary breakthrough discoveries of biological sciences and the ongoing technological revolution make the problem of the border of human life and the ways of its designing sound today in a completely new light. The aim of the paper is primarily to identify problems that arise on the legal grounds in connection with the latest discoveries of sc...
Article
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The article considers the peculiarities of futurological explications of the new educational policy in Ukraine. It also shows the existing contradictions in the development of the state education policy of Ukraine and the importance for transitive societies of its formation on a democratic basis, actualizing the development and implementation of th...
Article
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Aim is to analyze a possible image of a person of the future from the perspective of preserving his essence. The article is devoted to the analysis of a person of the future, to the philosophical problems of understanding of the essence of a person and the prediction of possible human changes. Several approaches to the consideration of the essence...
Article
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This paper explores Despotism world over and inner conflict in this modern world. We can find many themes such as-totalitarianship, psychology, manipulation, futurology and surveillance which effect human psychology and society. Despotism is a form of government in which a single entity rules with absolute power. The word Despot applies to those wh...
Article
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Given the prevalence of violence in Ukrainian families, measures to prevent parental abusive treatment against children are urgent. It is important to study today's youth awareness about violence within families in order to enhance a culture of engagement with spouses and children in future. The aim of the study is to examine students` reflective e...
Article
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The article describes the role of thinking about the future and its importance in architectural and urban education. The first part deals with the scientific discipline of futurology and the possibilities of its use in architectural and urban practice. It covers topics that futurology makes available to architecture and their influence on the urban...
Article
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This paper is an attempt to explore the recent approaches in teaching and learning process through Neurocognitive based teaching and learning and also discusses the significance of various types of nerve cell coordination in the process of learning and impact of biology of learning through neurocognition. The neuronal network is a connection of man...
Article
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The article attempts to raise the question of the impact of the large-scale inva­sion of the Russian Federation into Ukraine on the modern war, аs a phenomenon and its understanding within the framework of modern science and philosophy. At the same time, dramatic social experience is considered in the context of social training of societies involve...
Article
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The Arabsphere struggles with highly complicated water challenges due to climate change, desertification, coronavirus pandemic, and Russo-Ukrainian War. This paper explores how to build a robust water vision to pave the road to achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs) in the Arabsphere. A sustainable water future (SWF) necessitates an interdi...
Chapter
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In the decades after 1945, the future gained unprecedented prominence as an object of scientific anticipation and state planning in both capitalist and socialist countries of the Cold War world. In Poland, future studies or futurology emerged in the course of the 1960s in reaction to Western intellectual trends, the post-stalinist political Thaw, a...
Article
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Review essay of: Andersson, Jenny. The Future of the World: Futurology, Futurists, and the Struggle for the Post-Cold War Imagination. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pietruska, Jamie L. Looking Forward: Prediction & Uncertainty in Modern America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2018.
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Futurology as science for predicting humanity progress is important for planning specific steps to be taken today. Author made an attempt of scientific prediction concerning development of such important measurement infrastructure components as comparisons of measurement standards, interlaboratory comparisons of measurement results and calibration....
Chapter
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Design theory is evolving with rapidly changing societies and accelerating technologies. In the past, the design concept of “starting from the problem” was challenging to face the ever-changing design challenges, so the concept of “starting from the future” in design combined with futurology is being valued. At the same time, the relationship betwe...
Conference Paper
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This paper explores the need for including uncertainties in developing plans for library services provision. Covid-19 pandemic has challenged almost all facets of human endeavors necessitating using non-conventional means of satisfying users. This implies the necessity for library administrators and workers to function in designing templates that w...
Chapter
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Ethics are utilitarian and deontological based on reason, intention and duty.
Article
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The subject of research formulated in the title of the article was selected due to the fundamental importance of global supply chains (GSCs) of Transnational Corporations (TNCs) in the functioning of the world economy. They determine the size, structure and directions of international trade and foreign direct investment. Currently, they are influen...
Article
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The education challenges in the information technology progress are considered. In particular, the problem of artificial intelligence is equal to humans and thus poses a challenge to the teaching system. The augmentation concept as the human and machine’s interaction that enhances the capabilities of each party is analyzed. We assessed these opport...
Article
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In March 1970, the first ever medical teleconference connected U.S. aeromedical experts in Houston and San Antonio to an audience of 25,000 physicians in congress centres in West Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. As this article shows, the ‘Medizin Interkontinental’ transmission was a costly demonstration of the latest developments in satellite te...
Book
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È possibile una scienza in grado di conoscere gli eventi del futuro allo stesso modo in cui, attraverso le scienze storiche, proviamo a conoscere i fatti del passato? Questo sogno, fin dalla psicostoria di Isaac Asimov, ha influenzato economisti, politologi, strateghi e cibernetici, ma deve fare i conti non solo con i limiti della nostra capacità d...
Article
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Introduction . The article proposed to the reader aims at fixing universal historicity in the reconstruction of history by one of the most sought-after and well-known American futurists, Alvin Toffler. An analysis of his concept from such a perspective allows us to identify in modern concepts and, accordingly, in postmodernity (post-industrial era)...
Article
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An important scientific problem of our time is the particular manifestation of modern globalization and the pressure on the social sphere. With real resistance to negative manifestations in the conditions of modern globalization, a social immune system has been formed. The advantages of globalization are becoming increasingly compatible with histor...
Conference Paper
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Whereas archaeology's subject matter is the past, postmodern and critical approaches have claimed that all archaeology reflects on the present. However, little attention has been paid to archaeology's potential to explore the future. Futurology has unlaced the opaque package of "the future" to some degree. Most expectations of the future are based...
Article
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Introduction. The era of the Covid-19 pandemic has had a serious impact on changes in various areas of our society, and also predetermined the transformation of the Russian tourism industry. The purpose of the work is to identify new trends in Russian tourism in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. Methodology and sources. The study used the metho...
Article
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Objective : to examine the influence of positive and critical narratives in the media, illustrating the problems and strengths of the Russian innovation system development, on the formation of public opinion. Methods : the methodology of narrative analysis of economics and original institutionalism is used in relation to the national innovation sys...
Article
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At the end of the post-war economic boom in the late 1960s, a new paradigm of futures studies emerged in “western” nations and institutions. Following an era which saw a broad, albeit ambivalent, influx of cybernetic planning discourses and a euphoria for growth and science, undesired and unplanned consequences of scientific and economic expansion...
Article
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Activities of future humans can influence the safety of a closed repository. The German safety requirements for a final repository for high-level radioactive waste (EndlSiAnfV, 2020) therefore stipulate that developments induced by future human activities which may become relevant for the safety of the repository system must be taken into account w...
Article
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In this article content analysis is used to examine medical students' views on the standards of rationality in medicine of the past, present, and future. The study involved 229 residents of 32 specialties. A quantitative analysis of keywords in views of the future of medicine revealed indicators of all types of rationality. Postmodern ideals of sup...
Article
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This article examines the debate concerning the employment implications of the so-called ‘Fourth Industrial Revolution’ (FIR) or the increasing presence of artificial intelligence and robotics in workplaces. I analyze three ‘genres’ associated with this debate (academic studies including neo-classical and heterodox/post-human approaches, the ‘gray...
Article
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Education is the most important mechanism for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). One of the methodological difficulties in the implementation of education for sustainable development (ESD) is associated with its proactive, predictive nature. In this regard, when designing ESD, it seems appropriate to use technologies of futurology,...
Article
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Software-defined networking (SDN) plays a critical role in transforming networking from traditional to intelligent networking. The increasing demand for services from cloud users has increased the load on the network. An efficient system must handle various loads and increasing needs representing the relationships and dependence of businesses on au...
Book
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As it is very clear and solid today, knowledge should always be used in line with all human cases and decisions so that human beings suffer fewer mistakes. Macro-management and policy-making, one of the most important issues of the day and the most influential aspects of a society, are not immune from these issues. Especially in the matter of macro...
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span lang="ES-TRAD">El futuro se ha explicado de forma mágica, metafísica, religiosa y científica. En la explicación científica se han desarrollado los estudios del futuro. Estos estudios han avanzado desde una concepción predictiva hasta la creación de futuros alternativos o deseables. Los estudios del futuro de la universidad abordan los cambios...
Article
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This essay discusses social disruptions, social discontinuities, and associated interventions by social marketers and public policymakers. Prescriptive touchpoints for such interventions are (1) mitigating social disruptions via phronetic marketing, (2) foreseeing and anticipating social disruptions and discontinuities via marketing futurology.
Article
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This article explores the connection between academic mobility, epistemological change, and generational belonging in state socialist Romania. Drawing on insights from intellectual history and recent literature on the use of generation as an analytical concept for the study of state socialism, it addresses academic mobility both as a generation-def...
Chapter
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Fourth Industrial Revolution has the potential to transform the International Management Education futurology both positively and negatively. The purpose of the theory is to describe factors that govern technology acceptance, information technology, behavioral usage, and give a prudent theoretical explanatory model. Moore showed that the potential...
Chapter
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The processes of design thinking usually begin with the divergence of thinking to seek inspiration and opportunity points. For the designers, they focus on the design theme, combine their existing experience, and capture creative signals through data collection, brainstorming, and other design methods. Traditional design tools rarely adapt to the m...
Article
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Mosadeghrad AM. The futurology of aging population in Iran: Tehran Univ Med J. 2021; 79 (3) :248-249
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Pendahuluan Bicara globalisasi di abad duapuluh satu, seolah punya kesan berada dalam keterbelakangan informasi, sebab isu globalisasi telah marak dibicarakan mulai akhir abad ke sembilan belas dan awal abad keduapuluh. Di Indonesia, isu globalisasi ini ramai dibicarakan kira-kira pada tahun 90-an. Globalisasi saat itu sebenarnya masih berada pada...
Article
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Despite the abundance of knowledge in trend forecasting evident within many disciplines, there is a dearth of information on the application of trend forecasting in design education in the context of determining the innovation in trends’ concepts and philosophy, theme, color, materials and finish. This issue stems from the inadequacy of the traditi...
Article
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Background and Aim: Universal Health Coverage (UHC) is a strategy for achieving the goal of equity of access to health care for all with preventive, curative and rehabilitative measures and without suffering financial hardship. UHC leads to equitable distribution of health care services, reducing out-of-pocket payments and achieving better health o...
Article
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Die aktuelle Situation, in der sich die Welt einer Pandemie ausgesetzt sieht, zeig einmal mehr, dass sich die Zukunft nicht vorhersagen lässt. Zukunftsforschung bietet Bibliotheken jedoch die Chance, zukünftige Folgen der Pandemie besser einzuschätzen, sich auf möglicherweise eintretende Ereignisse vorzubereiten und bereits heute Strategien für mor...
Article
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Overproduction, consumerism and commodity fetishism — it seems like these tendencies are omnipotent and omnipresent in the modern world. The difference between the society criticized by Marx and the reality encompassing us is that in the postmodern societies, it is the information and images that serve as an object of consumption and consequently c...
Article
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The article focuses on pointing out the functions of using animation technique and elements of the science fiction genre in Ari Folman’s The Congress from 2013. The film, which is loosely based on the short story The Futurological Congress by Stanisław Lem, balances on the edge of various genres, using the techniques of both live action film and co...
Preprint
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Futurology (also futures studies) is a field of knowledge which has emerged as a result of the interdisciplinary problematisation of specific cognitive issues. The main objective of futurology is the creation of hypothetical scenarios of an alternative future in every aspect of human life, from changes relating to the life of an individual human be...
Article
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Fredrich Froebel was a scientist, both in instinct and in training, and his life coincided with an important and dynamic period of scientific growth. I take this opportunity to delve both into some history and futurology to examine the heritage and legacy of his work. The usual of interpolation is of reading into data: where there exist some consis...
Article
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Introduction. The approaches applied to reforms in the education systems in different countries assume notable importance of adapting students to changes in the environment and to its future conditions. In this case, the future is predicted as a continued present. This approach contradicts ongoing changes in reality, which are characterised by a hi...
Conference Paper
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Scenariul ocupă un loc important în planificarea strategică. Acesta poate exista în mai multe ipostaze și poate satisface mai multe funcții în ceea ce privește explorarea și gestionarea viitorului. Indiferent de forma sa de exprimare, calitativă, cantitativă sau semicantitativă, popularitatea de care se bucură acesta în rândul metodelor de foresigh...
Research Proposal
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Special Issue Information: Improvement and advances in frontier technologies present new and unique chances and challenges at the same time. While promising prosperity, they also present risks of inequality, and thus raise new ethical and moral dilemmas. However, the current world is focusing on 'emerging technology' and its impact on sustainable...
Preprint
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An attempt of scientific justification of the core religious ethics with elements of futurology is presented on an exaple of Christianity ethics, providing the firm basis for similar ethics without any elements of beliefs into transcendent beings of the form dominating modern ethics of key religious world systems. On a basis of simple assuptions th...
Thesis
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By re/presenting unique concepts such as uchronia, futurism, retro-futurism, futurology, technological determinism, simulacrum, anachronism, and post-apocalypse borrowed from the history of art and philosophy, Fallout (1997), as an open-world turn-based/real-time hybrid role-playing game, is one of the games that made its name in the history of vid...
Chapter
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The NATO without the United States concept seems to be on the verge of futurological discourse and science fiction. This does not change the fact that the discourse on the possible duration of the North Atlantic alliance with the limited participation of the American partner existed in the past and will probably continue in the future. The discours...
Article
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In the article, Serhiy Zhadan’s play “Bread Armistice” is considered from the standpoint of postcolonial criticism as a metaphorical illustration of the blurred identity that manifested itself during the war in eastern Ukraine, which began in 2014. Purpose: to analyze the text of the play to re ect the painful points of identity of modern Ukrainian...
Preprint
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The notions such as ‘biological contingency’ and ‘the infinite and eternal cosmos’ can conveniently be extrapolated into ‘cosmological contingency’. Yet, Men have repeatedly succeeded to extract the “laws of nature” classified within a number of scientific disciplines. There is no problem with making the decisions in accordance with these “laws” wh...
Preprint
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This essay deals with aspects that emerge when the contemplations about the future reach beyond the zone where the last traces of scientifically scrutinised extrapolations vanish, and the strive for anticipating the possible options rests on the imagination. These views are outlined using the contemplations about the questions the answers to which...
Article
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Scientific fiction has long been analyzed in relation to environmental and biotechnological issues, and urban futurology, but this research attempts to use it to explore globalization and the concept of the nation state. This has been explored primarily through a literature review of current issues relating to global culture and the nation state, a...
Chapter
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The point of departure in this chapter is Niall Ferguson’s 2006 claim that ‘as works of prophecy go’ S.P. Huntington’s ‘clash of civilizations’ thesis has been ‘a real winner.’ This claim is examined in the light both of the persistent scholarly verdict that the thesis is deeply flawed, and its continued public and academic usage since it first app...
Article
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This essay discusses social disruptions, social discontinuities, and associated interventions by social marketers and public policymakers. Prescriptive touchpoints for such interventions are (1) mitigating social disruptions via phronetic marketing, (2) foreseeing and anticipating social disruptions and discontinuities via marketing futurology.
Article
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The purpose of this study is to examine the use of augmented reality technology in the field of sports science and to develop a sample educational software including musculoskeletal system and warm-up exercises. Each stage of the software development process is explained in detail. The basis of augmented reality technology is the simultaneous visua...
Chapter
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Order this new book now directly at Springer: https://www.springer.com/de/book/9783319517025 --------------------------- see https://www.ahamer.com/ --------------------------------- Abstract • This chapter provides additional material pertaining to Part III (lessons learned) in its entirety. The sequence of paradigms in geography is traced from...
Presentation
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Futurology" is defined as the "study of the future." The term was coined by German professor Ossip K. Flechtheim in the mid-1940s, who proposed it as a new branch of knowledge that would include a new science of probability.
Article
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This study interrogates the continued manifestation of the Boko Haram terrorism that inheres in the prevailing human securities challenges in Nigeria, and why the Nigerian developmental quests had failed and are bound to fail in the future should the human insecurity challenges that accounted for the Boko Haram terrorism are left unabated in Nigeri...
Article
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Fictional worlds of sci-fi films are but visions of the stage humanity (and the world) is coming to given the ever-evolving technological progress. On the one hand, there are optimistic views of scientific development, on the other, there are ethical warnings, especially when a film portrays consequences for humanity and the planet; a vision, in wh...
Article
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In recent years, adventure sports have been growing increasingly. Adventure sports are new and appealing activities that regularly include some kinds of physical and mental challenges and the relative presence of the natural environment. These activities are presenting new paths and some time they called a serious competitor for mainstream sport. T...
Conference Paper
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Increasing volatility and individualization has great impact on value creation, resulting in a complex and interdependent corporate environment. The analysis of possible developments of the future becomes a crucial success factor. By adopting the scenario technique this study aims at deriving future scenarios for value creation in the mechanical en...
Article
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seven military classics (Jiang Ziya, the methods of theSima, Sun Tzu, Wu Qi, Wei Liaozi, the three strategies of Huang Shigong and the Questions and Repliesbetween Tang Taizong and Li Weigong). The entities studied then were nation states. Later, corporationsoften became just as powerful as states and their leaders demanded similar strategic thinki...
Article
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In her article "'IF': Planning, Research and Co-creation of an Existential Installation -performance" Rita Sebestyén offers an account of the research period and performances of the experimental, action-research based and interdisciplinary performance 'IF'. The installation-performance was co-created by a group of Norwegian, Danish, Swedish and Hun...
Article
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At present there is a clear distinction between robots and persons. In this article I explore the possibility that this distinction may not hold in perpetuity, as some robots attain personhood. I argue that personhood is an emergent property in both the development of individuals and the evolution of life, that personhood may not require a carbon-b...
Article
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In the surrealistic period of his literary work Vítězslav Nezval, following the French formula of presenting Paris as an archetypical modern city, published textual passage Pražský chodec (1938) which title is taken from the famous Apollinaire’s story but its narrative schema resembles the Louis Aragon’s Paris Peasant. In opposition to avant-garde...
Article
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Modern futurological concepts suggest several options for the development of cities and homes in the future. Each of these concepts in one way or another reflects the possible path of development of human society as a whole. This article discusses the issues of their possible hybridization and synthetic compounds in order to find the most likely an...
Article
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The article attempts to explore the directions of possible public finance transformation under the influence of the emerging digital economy and digital society. Futurology approaches were used to study the future of the financial system. Financial futurology is defined as the doctrine of perspective and potential features of the financial system b...
Chapter
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This article is an update of our previous article in SGJ journal, titled: On Gödel's Incompleteness Theorem, Artificial Intelligence & Human Mind. We provide some commentary on the latest developments around AI, humanoid robotics, and future scenario. Basically, we argue that a more thoughtful approach to the future is "techno-realism."
Article
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The aim of the research is identifying the role of the futurological theories of the XX century in the mod-ern design of modular structures in the water environment. The leading research approach is based on the analysis of the principles of habitat organization from the point of view of the main visionary concepts of the XX century, which develope...
Article
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Omnicide: Mania, Fatality and Future-in-Delirium (2019) finds Iranian-American philosopher and comparative literature theorist Jason Bahbak Mohaghegh carving the figure of the diffracted neo-Bedouin wanderer, whose mania we tail through the book’s haunted pages. The book’s namesake, “omnicide,” refers to the complete and total erasure of the Earth-...
Article
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The article is devoted to the study of the symbolic significance of light and darkness in the life of modern humanity. In order to analize this problem, the author turned to “Black Mirror”, a sciencefiction anthology released by Netflix company. This popular series creates pessimistic and dystopian picture of life in a high-tech civilisation. The f...
Chapter
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Smart contracts are innovative contracts that differ from traditional ones in that they are self-executing, as they entail the possibility of representing contract terms in programming code that gets automatically executed on a blockchain or other distributed ledgers. Following the latest developments in blockchain technology, smart contracts have...
Article
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An ever-increasing amount of information, digitization and interconnectedness makes predictions of the future easier. Conversely, systems have never been as complex, uncertain, ambiguous and ambivalent as they are today, resulting in an interference with prognoses. Therefore, different approaches to projections of futures have to be combined. Analy...
Article
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Introduction Industry and economy have a vital part in achievement in of the development of a country. Researchers argue that these developments will seriously damage the global and regional economy and slow the growth of the economy in the future years. In this context, among the factors that have caused rapid and profound changes in the settlemen...
Article
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Among the Serb people, Saint Sava was an educator, the teacher of everything in life. The authors believe that one can speak of the pedagogy of Saint Sava on the condition that the term of pedagogy is understood in its broader sense, rather than as a technical and modern term for a scientific discipline. However, any pedagogy, in its broader sense,...
Preprint
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Cloud computing plays a critical role in modern society and enables a range of applications from infrastructure to social media. Such system must cope with varying load and evolving usage reflecting societies interaction and dependency on automated computing systems whilst satisfying Quality of Service (QoS) guarantees. Enabling these systems are a...
Article
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Purpose. The study seeks to clarify the preconditions for moral and legal decision-making based on the identification of axiological foundations that correlate with the moral perceptions of good and evil and psychological phenomena such as emotions. Theoretical basis of the study is to apply comparative, axiological, systemic methods. This methodol...
Article
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Cloud computing plays a critical role in modern society and enables a range of applications from infrastructure to social media. Such system must cope with varying load and evolving usage reflecting societies’ interaction and dependency on automated computing systems whilst satisfying Quality of Service (QoS) guarantees. Enabling these systems are...
Article
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The background of this qualitative research is to look at the Curriculum IAIN as an Islamic Higher Education should have thought about the direction of the development of science in the future, if not then the Curriculum IAIN will be abandoned by both interested people and users, the results of the study indicate that the direction of scientific de...
Conference Paper
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This paper critically analyses the features of research of education in alternative schools with an emphasis on those based on pedagogical, didactic and philosophical ideas formed in the directions and movements of reform pedagogy. In this respect, the possibilities and limitations of the research of Waldorf and Montessori schools, and schools that...
Article
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Purpose Despite the availability of prior studies on the Internet of Things (IoT) development, they have largely focused on challenges associated with evolving IoT. Hence, identifying requirements for IoT development, as a multifaceted phenomenon, whereby the challenges would be tackled remains a less-explored valuable line of inquiry. The purpose...
Article
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The paper examines the past 'romance' of LIS with futurology, traces the flaws of disintermediation threat and the resultant repositioning options of LIS, stresses the need for imagination coupled with reason to turn experience into foresight, identifies the importance of physical space, content, and ambience of libraries to move from 'Transactiona...
Article
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In this article, we develop and reflect on a thought experiment in futurology: 12 models of world government are presented and discussed with regard to world peace. These 12 models consist of 3 overarching categories: Present-oriented models which correspond to the U.S. model, the Chinese model, the EU model and the Russian model; past-oriented mod...
Technical Report
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This Snowchange Discussion paper is in Finnish. Endemic time-spaces of future investigates Finnish-language narratives of coming times using five historical cases. The Finno-Ugric languages do not contain a future tense and this points to possibilities of cultural interpretations of this tense. Finland has undergone a major transformation both in e...
Conference Paper
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Le Reve d'Etoiles' or the Dream of Stars has been a common dynamo for mankind since the dawn of the civilization. Ever since his first gaze above, he has felt the compulsion to reach out there. However, this has remained a dream rather than a reality due to the limitations in current space technology. When it comes to manned missions, the farthest...
Article
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The article discusses the philosophical, legal, historical, and technological aspects of the space state, provides definitions, presents classifications, models, suggests examples, and makes forecasts. The general classification of participants in space activities for the purpose of survival and development, as well as the universal classification...
Article
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The author analyses the translation strategies used by the translators of S. Lem’s "The Futurological Congress" to Bulgarian, Czech and Russian languages. The significant differences in the approach is noted — Helena Stachová, who translated to Czech language, tries to preserve in all the circumstances the author’s idea of challenging the reader wi...
Article
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سازمان بهداشت جهانی سزارین را روش موثر نجات جان مادر و نوزاد در مواقع ضروری دانسته و دسترسی زنان به این خدمت را در صورت وجود اندیکاسیون پزشکی ضروری می‌داند. شواهدی دال بر منفعت مادری یا نوزادی با میزان سزارین بیش از 15% زایمان‌ها وجود ندارد.1 انجام سزارین غیرضروری، بدون عارضه نیست. شیوع مرگ‌ومیر و عوارض مادری پس از سزارین بیش از زایمان طبیعی است. ا...
Article
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A common hypothesis in futurology is that biological life will eventually be supplanted by artificial computing hardware. A civilisation made of such hardware beings would expand its reach by converting increasing amounts of matter to computing and support hardware, and improving the hardware's performance up to theoretical limits. A hardware speed...