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Publications related to French (10,000)
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Article
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In his essay Down to Earth (2018), the French philosopher Bruno Latour proposes a hypothesis that connects a number of contemporary issues, ranging from climate denialism to deregulation and growing inequality. While his hypothesis, that the elites act as if they live in another world and are leaving the rest of the world behind, might seem like a...
Article
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Background: Quantification of COVID-19 burden may be useful to support the future allocation of resources. Objective: To evaluate the public health impact of COVID-19 in French ambulatory patients with at least one risk factor for severe disease. Study design: A Markov model was used to estimate life years, costs, number of hospitalisations, n...
Article
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Introduction: On 2 October 2020, a violent storm (Alex) reached the French Riviera and caused significant damage in three inhabited valleys in the hinterland of the city of Nice. Entire populations were exposed to prolonged stress (no means of communication, electricity nor water) and were particularly at risk of suffering from psychological conse...
Article
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Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) was colonised for about a century by the British, French and other European countries. Therefore, we examine these forms of colonisation on accounting development in Africa. We use a description-explanatory approach to show how three forms of colonisation have driven the development of accounting in Africa during and post-c...
Conference Paper
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For its tenth anniversary, the French academic journal Politiques de communication is organizing an international colloquium whose ambition is to propose an overall reflection on "the grip of communication" in the structuring of contemporary social spaces. The "grip of communication" is not a new question for social science research. Its ideologic...
Article
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During quarantine, between March and May 2020, YouTubers disseminated information about Covid-19 and the quarantine. The objectives of this study are (1) to explore whether YouTubers are considered as reliable sources of information regarding quarantine by French social media users, (2) to evaluate the link between the parasocial relationship with...
Article
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Background Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS–CoV-2)-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) causes high mortality. Umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (UC-MSCs) have potentially relevant immune-modulatory properties, whose place in ARDS treatment is not established. This phase 2b trial was undertaken to a...
Article
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Background Little is known about patients who forego healthcare, although it is an important provider of unfavorable health-related outcomes. Forgoing healthcare characterizes situations in which people do not initiate or interrupt a care process, even though they perceive the need for it, whether or not this need is medically proven. The aims of t...
Article
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Key message An influence of the recent changes in temperature or rainfall was demonstrated, increasing background tree mortality rates for 2/3 of the 12 studied tree species. Climate change-induced tree mortality was exacerbated towards the warm or dry limits of the species ranges, suggesting in these areas a progressive replacement by more xeric s...
Article
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Background An important goal in animal breeding is to improve longitudinal traits. The objective of this study was to explore for longitudinal residual feed intake (RFI) data, which estimated breeding value (EBV), or combination of EBV, to use in a breeding program. Linear combinations of EBV (summarized breeding values, SBV) or phenotypes (summari...
Article
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Background Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is associated with a heavy burden of illness. Objective To evaluate use of lanadelumab in a French Authorization for Temporary Use (ATU) program. Methods ATU requests were made between October 12, 2018, and March 13, 2019; patients were followed through September 23, 2019. At entry, patients received lanadel...
Article
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The presence of offensive language on social media is very common motivating platforms to invest in strategies to make communities safer. This includes developing robust machine learning systems capable of recognizing offensive content online. Apart from a few notable exceptions, most research on automatic offensive language identification has deal...
Article
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The health crisis linked to Covid-19 has had the effect of strongly increasing the activity of certain trades or, on the contrary, decreasing it to the point of stopping. It has also disrupted the organization of work in companies: remote work, physical distancing, etc. The question that now arises is to know the sustainability of these development...
Article
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Background Estimating relatedness is an important step for many genetic study designs. A variety of methods for estimating coefficients of pairwise relatedness from genotype data have been proposed. Both the kinship coefficient $$\varphi$$ φ and the fraternity coefficient $$\psi$$ ψ for all pairs of individuals are of interest. However, when dealin...
Conference Paper
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Direct speech-to-speech translation has recently been introduced with the ability to perform a textless translation of a speech in a source language to a corresponding speech in the target language. This ability allows the development of automatic speech recognition systems for under-resourced languages and even non-written languages, since transcr...
Presentation
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Several psycholinguistic studies suggest that humans can be susceptible to grammatical illusion, i.e., they fail to differentiate grammatical sentences from ungrammatical ones. The empirical evidence capturing this phenomenon is restricted to English and French doubly centre embedded constructions (Frazier, 1985; Gibson and Thomas, 1999; Vasishth e...
Article
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Purpose: School meals have the potential to promote more sustainable diets. Our aim was to identify the best trade-off between nutrition and the environment by applying four levers to school meals: (i) reducing the number of meal components, (ii) complying with the French school nutritional guidelines, (iii) increasing the number of vegetarian meal...
Article
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The stone jar sites of Northeast India have been a subject of great interest since their first discovery in 1929 by James Philip Mills and John Henry Hutton in North Cachar Hills, Assam. In Southeast Asia, they were first reported by McCarthy (1900) in Laos and subsequently by the French archaeologist Madeleine Colani in 1935, who reported them in...
Article
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This article attempts to explain the special place that Sylvie occupies in both Nerval’s œuvre and the general context of nineteenth-century French prose. The structure of the nouvelle is examined through a close reading of two key motifs: vines intertwined with roses, and flowing water. The different iterations of these motifs are interpreted as e...
Article
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Background Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a lifelong disease for which outcomes may be influenced by patients' self-care knowledge. Therapeutic education (TPE) is a patient-centered teaching instrument based on patient's adaptative processes and needs. TPE was developed in the Paris area by a pediatric health network using interactive face-to-face me...
Article
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Written word production is influenced by central and peripheral processes. Evidence suggests that the activation of morphological units in the lexicon influences the dynamics of handwriting. In this study, we designed two priming experiments to examine the representation level of morphological information in the lexicon during written word producti...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of different facets of perceived organisational politics and workplace attitudes onto turnover intention in the French Fire and Rescue service. Methodology An electronic survey was administered to fire department employees (n = 255) to investigate the effects of different forms of perceive...
Article
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School closures, forcibly brought about by the COVID-19 crisis in many countries, have impacted children’s lives and their learning processes. The heterogeneous implementation of distance learning solutions is likely to bring a substantial increase in education inequality, with long term consequences. The present study uses data from a survey colle...
Article
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To identify the best global factor pricing model is crucial in international asset pricing literature. This study adopts the Bayesian methods of Chib et al. (2020) and Chib and Zeng (2020) to estimate and compare 14,322 Gaussian and Student-t distributed global factor pricing models. We find strong evidence that Student-t distributed models signifi...
Article
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Aims/hypothesis Diabetes has been recognised as a pejorative prognostic factor in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Since diabetes is typically a disease of advanced age, it remains unclear whether diabetes remains a COVID-19 risk factor beyond advanced age and associated comorbidities. We designed a cohort study that considered age and comorbid...
Article
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The consonant bias is evidenced by a greater reliance on consonants over vowels in lexical processing. Although attested during adulthood for most Roman and Germanic languages (e.g., French, Italian, English, Dutch), evidence on its development suggests that the native input modulates its trajectory. French and Italian learners exhibit an early swi...
Article
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Purpose For decades, consistent associations between breastfeeding and children’s neurodevelopment have been attributed to breastmilk content in long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs). However, the beneficial effect of LC-PUFA enrichment of infant formula on neurodevelopment remains controversial. This study examined the association of L...
Article
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Objective: In Europe, migrant women, especially from sub-Saharan Africa, have higher risks of adverse maternal outcomes than non-migrants. Legal status, a component of migrant condition, may be an important, and potentially actionable, risk factor. We aimed to assess the risk of severe maternal outcomes among migrant women, considering both their...
Article
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the COVID-19 (absence of spectators) on the results of football teams in 5 popular leagues in the world (English Premier League, Italian Serie A, Spanish LaLiga, German Bundesliga and French Ligue 1). This research was descriptive-comparative. Therefore, the results of football teams were analyze...
Article
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Abstract: The paper explores how disasters are discussed in politically and ideologically polarized social media space by the example of discussions on the Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral fi re and Nantes Cathedral fi re on the French and Russian Twitter. Datasets were collected and analyzed with facilitation of Netlytic program. The qualitative anal...
Book
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Beauvoir in Time situates Simone de Beauvoir's The Second Sex in the historical context of its writing and in later contexts of its international reception, from then till now. The book takes up three aspects of Beauvoir's work more recent feminists find embarrassing: "bad sex," "dated" views about lesbians, and intersections with race and class. T...
Preprint
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This a criticism on the the book:"the Quran of the historians" in french prepared bu Sorbone university under the chief editor Mohammasd Ali Amir moezzi
Chapter
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The prize question of the year 1761 thus represented a decisive alternatíve, or a decisive crossroads, from the point of view of the philosophical systematic of the philosophically considered Enlightenment. However, we must point out that the Enlightenment has never exclusively been a "purely" systematically philosophical matter. The prize announce...
Article
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Objective Interval debulking surgery is recommended after 3–4 cycles (standard IDS) of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) not able to received upfront complete debulking surgery. However, real world practices frequently report performing IDS after ≥5 NAC cycles (delayed IDS). The aim of this work was to evaluate the...
Article
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Background Anti-PD1 agents are currently recommended as first-line treatment in advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (acSCC) by updated European guidelines. Although acSCC frequently affects elderly patients with multiple comorbidities, this subset of patients is often excluded of registration clinical trials. Purpose To assess anti-PD-1 eff...
Article
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Every year, thousands of students decide to travel to a foreign country to study. The popularity of these international experiences is increasing every year due to the different benefits they offer. In relation to language gains, researchers have investigated study abroad experiences that take place in countries where the students' second language...
Article
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Background Multiple mini-interviews (MMI) are used to assess non-academic attributes for selection in medicine and other healthcare professions. It remains unclear if different MMI station formats (discussions, role-plays, collaboration) assess different dimensions. Methods Based on station formats of the 2018 and 2019 Integrated French MMI (IFMMI...
Article
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This paper reports on a literary corpus study of four grammatical tenses across four European languages. The corpus consists of a selection of eight chapters from Javier Marías’s Spanish novel Así empieza lo malo ‘Thus bad begins’, and its translations to English, Dutch, and French. We annotated 1579 verb forms in the Spanish source text for tense,...
Presentation
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Some seem to be interested in publishing my book "The dialogue of the marabouts" in Algeria. They asked me for a resume about my project. In French.
Article
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Objectives: Summer intermittent sun exposure is a major risk factor for melanoma. Socioeconomic position, cognitive and psychosocial factors play a role in sun protection behaviors but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. This study aimed to measure the influence of educational level on sun protection behaviors in French summer vacationers on the...
Article
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Background/objectives Evidence supports therapeutic carbohydrate restriction (TCR) for managing appropriate patients with chronic illness, but little is known about TCR prescribing among dietitians. This study evaluated dietitians’ knowledge, information use and needs for TCR in Canada. Methods Registered dietitians (RDs) were recruited (n = 274)...
Article
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RESUMO: O enredo da série "Emily in Paris" é bastante simples. Também deve-se notar que a maioria das pessoas que "Emily" conhece são capazes de conversar em inglês, mas acham difícil encontrar equivalentes em inglês para seu discurso. Devemos citar primeiro como exemplo a palavra "la plouc", que é usada como referência ao estilo e às maneiras de E...
Article
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This research presents the problems of some undergraduate students who have difficulties in the oral production of the French target language, taking as a reference similar studies and research conducted previously. Thus, the theoretical support bases the reality of the problem and the path to follow to solve it. Finally, the conclusion of the stud...
Chapter
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This entry gives a short overview of goal-framing theory, including the dynamics of overarching goals. It is the English original version, a translation of which appeared a French DictIonary of Environmental Psychology in 2022
Book
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Cette publication propose une nouvelle liste des noms français des oiseaux du monde qui soit cohérente et harmonieuse vis-à-vis de la nomenclature latine. Elle s'inscrit dans la ligne droite de la Commission Internationale des Noms Français des Oiseaux du monde dans le plus grand respect de ses règles et principes. Elle a été entièrement relue et r...
Book
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International Community Development Practice is a vibrant and exciting collective book on best practices in community development. Prof. Moussa Bongoyok's contribution deserves attention as he focuses on the poorest African region, the French Speaking nations. In Case Study 4, he demonstrates how higher education institutions can play strategic rol...
Article
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Abstract: This paper is devoted to answering the following question: Did the Ottomans abandon Algeria? Miralay kâmil bey’s mission to Consting ntine in (1836)was the objective behind shedding light on new information about a secret mission carried by the Ottoman Empire aiming to understand the Algerian problem prior to the French setting sail t...
Article
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This study aims to follow the Ottoman Empire's stands on Constantine's requests, particularly that of the designation of Ahmed Bey as the Pacha of Algeria replacing his predecessor Hussein Dey who was removed by the French forces following their conquest of Algeria in 1830. This study attempts to analyze the archived correspondences between Ahmed B...
Article
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This paper examines wealth accumulation among couple-headed households and investigates changes in within-household inequality over time and across couple statuses. Going beyond previous research that mostly studies wealth accumulation within marriages by comparing married with unmarried individuals, we consider the legal statuses of couples (cohab...
Article
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Purpose: Women with Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) might be particularly vulnerable to psychiatric comorbidities. However, population surveys have yielded disparate findings. We used data from the French Mental Health in the General Population survey to investigate gender-related risks of psychiatric comorbidities associated with AUD. Methods: A cross-...
Article
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Quality function deployment (QFD) is a customer-driven product development technique widely utilized to translating customer requirements into engineering characteristics for maximum customer satisfaction. Nonetheless, when used in real situations, the traditional QFD method has been criticized to have many deficiencies, e.g., in expressing experts...
Article
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OpenStreetMap has a large number of volunteers. There is a hypothesis that volunteers with different cultural backgrounds may have different editing behaviors when contributing to OSM. It may be strongly related to data quality and data reliability on OSM. As for the heterogeneity and the reliability of OSM data, previous research usually focuses o...
Article
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A nascent literature explores the impact of taste differences on trade. In gravity model estimations, the coefficient on geographic distance is large because it tends to capture such (usually unobservable) preference‐related frictions. We examine this question in the context of French wine, that is, a cultural good characterized by a great variety...
Article
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Objective: To create an evidence-based patient education resource to better support cancer patients with bone metasta-ses in carrying out safe movements during activities of daily living, to maintain their bone health and reduce the risk of fractures. Methods: A quality improvement project was conducted in three phases: Development of the Resource,...
Article
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Historically, scholarship of and about Mā’ohi Nui (French Polynesia) has been conducted using western methods, methodologies, and frameworks which has, to a large extent, resulted in inaccurate and degrading representations of the people and the islands. In accordance with the empowering trends of Critical Pacific Studies, this article proposes a n...
Article
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This paper explores the notion of translation and the discipline of stylistics as well as their interdisciplinary significance with a view to suggesting an approach to translating cultural elements in African literary texts into foreign languages such as French and English. The work asserts that African stylistic investigation in translation uneart...
Article
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Most African names have sociocultural identities, which convey thoughts, traditions, fortunes, conditions, histories, and other features. Translating African indigenous names from Yoruba into French and English transcends Saussure's postulation of signified-signifier arbitrariness (Saussure,1975). Previous studies in African onomastic translation h...
Article
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The notion of untranslatability of idiomatic expressions has assumed universal contentious debates among scholars, linguistics, and translators. Previous studies such as Bandia, (1993), Jabbari (2016), Posi and Lacka (2016), Oualif (2017) have focused on the translations of idiomatic expressions from African languages into European languages, Europ...
Article
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Evidence from many developed markets suggests that fundamental indices outperform capitalisation-weighted indices. Existing studies suspect a story of market mispricing, yet a mechanism has not been identified. Using Australian data, we study the relation between analyst forecast errors and the performance of various fundamental indices. We find th...
Preprint
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This text is structured around the following question: how does France approach the racial issue given that French State prohibits the use of race category? The central argument is that studies on racial question in hexagonal France practice an ethnic and racial bricolage based on legal (nationality) and geographical (country and region) categories...
Article
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The artery of Percheron is an uncommon anatomical variant that was first described in 1973 by a French neurologist called Gerard Percheron. Stroke due to occlusion of this anatomical variant artery may present with diagnostic challenges. Here, we are sharing our experience in four cases with variable outcomes. This may add our knowledge to existing...
Article
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This is a review of Bertram, Wolfgang; Haut, Jérémy A functorial approach to differential calculus. (English. French summary) Zbl 07529131 Cah. Topol. Géom. Différ. Catég. 63, No. 2, 131-162 (2022).
Article
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Background In view of experts’ warnings about the potential negative mental health consequences of the sudden nationwide lockdowns implemented in many countries to limit the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, we sought to study the incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after traumatic events related to this unprecedented lockdown in the F...
Article
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Infectious endocarditis (IE) is a rare and singular pathology. Its diagnosis remains difficult and a multi-disciplinary approach is required for adequate management. It remains a serious condition whose mortality rate of 30 to 40%. There are well codified diagnostic criteria defining IE. These criteria, called Duke criteria, are based on a set of c...
Article
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Recent research shows that adults’ neural oscillations track the rhythm of the speech signal. However, the extent to which this tracking is driven by the acoustics of the signal, or by language-specific processing remains unknown. Here adult native listeners of three rhythmically different languages (English, French, Japanese) were compared on thei...
Article
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The law of diminishing returns is a rejected economic law or theory. The law of diminishing returns is rooted in the work of the 18th century French physiocrat Anne Robert Jacques Turgot. If we accept this theory presented in the 18th century as valid in the 22nd century and make this imagined theory a part of the text books and try to apply existi...
Article
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Background Both the nutritional quality of the foods consumed (as nutrient composition) and their ultra-processed nature have been linked to health risks. However, the respective contribution of each of these correlated dimensions or their synergy to the overall diet quality has been rarely explored. Objective To identify the respective effects of...
Article
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A partir del encuentro casual de 1965 entre la arqueóloga francesa Annette Laming-Emperaire y la arqueóloga chilena fallecida en junio de 2022, Victoria Castro Rojas se repasan pasajes de la obra, vida, vocación docente y compromiso político y ético de ambas científicas, trayectorias marcadas por las coincidencias y afinidades, entre ellas la filos...
Article
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Статья посвящена исследованию взаимосвязей между социальным неравенством и неравенством культур. Теоретическим и методологическим инструментарием статьи послужила теория французского социолога Пьера Бурдье. В статье предпринята попытка (подобная той, которую совершил П. Бурдье в отношении французского общества) проанализировать на российском матери...
Article
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When the threat of COVID-19 became widely acknowledged, many hoped that this pandemic would squash “the anti-vaccine movement”. However, when vaccines started arriving in rich countries at the end of 2020, it appeared that vaccine hesitancy might be an issue even in the context of this major pandemic. Does it mean that the mobilization of vaccine-c...
Article
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Records of Syrphidae (Diptera) from RNN l’étang de Cousseau (Gironde) are presented, including 4 species new to the department, among which Helophilus hybridus Loew, 1846 is also new to Aquitaine and the South of France. A key to the identification of French Helophilus species, plus H. affinis Wahlberg, 1844, and H. continuus Loew, 1854, is provid...