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French Revolution - Science topic

Conflict during which traditional monarchy was ended and modern government functions were instituted.
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Publications related to French Revolution (8,204)
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The purpose of this short paper is to show how Jung, who deceased in 1961, as a psychiatrist was a relevant transdisciplinary author and practitioner, considering two references in that sense, which corroborate the model we have developed and published as part of our HPTD-M (see Figure 1). Crema, the current dean of UNIPAZ, considered the proposal...
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Caricature is one of the most important artistic methods in expressing political and social criticism and protest in the language of satire and humor. Political cartoons became very popular in the July Revolution (1830) and during the reign of King Louis-Philippe of France due to his corruption and inefficiency, as well as pressure and opposition t...
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The article critically analyses Eugen Weber's From Peasants into Frenchmen (1976), how local patois speaking people in France only a century after the French Revolution, in the context of German-French imperialist rivalry between 1870 and 1914, started through sharing the same school system, postal service, railway system, and military conscription...
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Hugo, Victor, Ninety-Three, a novel, first French original edition 1874 https://www.newsclick.in/relook-book-victor-hugo-last-novel-influenced-revolutionaries  Bhagat Singh was a voracious reader of books and the variety of books he read varied from Political economy to literature. Though Victor Hugo is a hugely known, rather a classic writer of 1...
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The rapid increase of knowledge in the field of hydrology during the nineteenth century is indeed remarkable. The experimental methods, that were successfully pioneered by Perrault, Mariotte and Halley in the seventeenth century had already taken firm roots, and, undoubtedly, the major developments during the nineteenth century were in the fields o...
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The thesis of this essay is that, although a long-term origin of the political-ideological origins of the French Revolution lay in the religious and ecclesiastical divisions—namely Jansenism versus Jesuit-affiliated Molinism—these divisions assumed an ever more secularized caste after the height of the Jansenist controversy during the century’s mid...
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This book offers a radical reinterpretation of the development of the modern world through the concept of Jacobinism. It argues that the French Revolution was not just another step in the construction of capitalist modernity, but produced an alternative (geo)political economy – that is, 'Jacobinism.' Furthermore, Jacobinism provided a blueprint for...
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Friedrich Nietzsche analyzes the French Revolution consequently under two leading aspects, which are disciplinary and thematically not very close to each other, are indeed, in some trains, even opposed to each other. The first aspect is, that it was the French Revolution , which made possible Napoleon (KSA, 12, 471). Nietzsche prefers to see in it...
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In recent decades, a ‘Haitian Turn’ has emerged as both academic and public readerships in the anglophone sphere have been flooded by a wave of essays, articles, and monographs on the Haitian Revolution (1791–1804). At the epicentre of the present study is one of the major interpretations of the Haitian Revolution in the Haitian Turn, which I call...
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The research focuses on the French Revolution that erupted in 1789, which came with new principles and ideas, as the men of the revolution tried to spread these principles and ideas and transfer them to the European peoples who were submissive under the royal governments, so the revolution initially faced opposition from the kings of Europe, especi...
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In 1976, Michel Vovelle published a book entitled, Révolution et Religion : la dechristianization de l'an II. With this book, Vovelle brought back to the fore a period of the French Revolution rarely studied before during which, from October 1793 to July 1794 the Montagnards and sans-culottes attempted to systematically destroy the Catholic Church...
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According to Historians Robert Darnton and Francois Furet, revolutionary ideas were spread into French political culture through pornography and porous state borders, while Jergen Habermas mentioned about French public sphere that helped to allow social change discussions among the periodical press, learned societies etc. that was created due to cu...
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Although constitutionalism movements have their roots in the efforts to limit the power of European monarchies beginning with Magna Carta, constitutionalism in the modern sense is the product of the global political and social conditions created by the French Revolution of 1789. In the 19th century, when empires struggled for power in Europe and gl...
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Since the twentieth century, the global propensity to revolutionary violence has attained an astronomical level. This trend dates back to the "Red Terror" during the French Revolution in the eighteenth century from where it spread to the rest of Europe, the United States and Russia, principally for the attainment of nationalist and anarchical goals...
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Early Middle Ages = Latin christianisation: • Christianised by the Western Roman (Latin) church. • Latin only written language. • Latin provides direct access to the culture of classical Latin antiquity. High Middle Ages = generalised Diglossia with Medieval Latin: • Medieval Latin = only written language, later: only supra-regional language of wri...
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This paper employs the work of Agnes Heller and Ferenc Fehér as a characterisation of a contemporary critical theory. Critical theory is not “an argument across the ages” nor another attempt at traditional metaphysics. Like those modern thinkers Hegel and Marx influenced by the French Revolution, the critical theory tradition endeavours to practica...
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It was the second or the third decade of the nineteenth century which witnessed the beginning of Indian English poetry under the authorship of Henry Louis Vivian Derozio who deserves to be called the first Indian English poet who laid the foundation of it. One of mixed origin, half-Indian and half-Eurasian blood and genealogy, he would have definit...
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Madame the Countess Vaubernier Du Barry was the court name of Jean Becu. Known for being one of the "maitresses en titre" of Louis XV, her life was riddled with the throes of courtly France in Versailles, she knew and suffered the turbulent times of the French Revolution. Her stay in Versailles gave rise to a power struggle between Marie Antoinette...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has deeply affected the culture and arts, as does all other sectors. More precisely, it is one of the most affected areas by the pandemic. The culture and arts sector consists of activities that bring people together and involve intense contact. The culture and arts sector is a developing and growing sector based on social rel...
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Historian Samuel Adu-Gyamfi explains how the Russia-Ukraine conflict has exposed the hypocrisy at the heart of Western 'liberalism'-and why Africa needs to break off its Eurocentric chains. The 1789 French Revolution bequeathed to the world the idea of liberté, égalité, fraternité. This ideal has been championed by the West-and forms the basis of...
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The 'Force of Legislation' vs the 'Force of Things'? Rousseau and the Civil Rights of the French Revolution. Rousseau considered the recognition of civil rights a priority in close connection with political rights. In this respect, I show the influence of Rousseauian thought on French civil legislation until the code civil of 1804.
Preprint
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Anti-rationalism in Islam is responsible for backwardness, corruption of knowledge and the fall of the Muslim empire. The West went through a Reformation and the Age of Reason. Islam also had an Age of Reason. However, it was short-lived, due to a backlash by tradition. Backwardness rendered Muslims vulnerable from without. The corruption of knowle...
Thesis
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The overall purpose behind designing this study is to develop comparisons between the poems of two different cultures: Britain in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and the Kurdish region in the early 20th century, thereby highlighting the universal and the particular. For this, three comparative schools have been used. To examine the origins...
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The teacher Samuel Paty, who was decapitated on 16 October 2020 for showing cartoons of The Prophet Mohammad in a lecture in France, is an important indicator of the postmodern conceptual debate between “freedom of expression” and “terrorism.” It is not a coincidence that many similar events, especially the Charlie Hebdo attack in 2015, took place...
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The easy re-use of information produced by the public sector holds the potential to deliver substantial benefits. The documentation that public institutions produce or receive in their course of work is an important resource. Ensuring its affordable or free of charge use can bring economic, social, political, educational, and scientific benefits to...
Article
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In April 2021, as COVID briefly appeared to recede in the United States, Fox News host Tucker Carlson went on a lengthy rant against mask wearers. It appeared as if, to paraphrase Hegel, the owl of Minerva was flying at dusk. Why complain about masks at the very time mask mandates were being rolled back and society was—or so it seemed—returning to...
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Liberal ideas in Spain and Belgium (1800-1850): a comparative historical analysis of liberal political thought. Liberté, égalité and fraternité. These three little words are not only the crescendo of the French Revolution, they were also ideas that echoed in history and became the inspiration for a young generation of liberals. The 19th century was...
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Ulusların kökenleri çok eskilere gitse de ulusçuluğun bir devlet yönetiminin temel ögesi olabileceği fikri Fransız İhtilali sonrasına dayanmaktadır. Ulusçuluk önce Avrupa'da başlayıp tüm dünyaya yayılmıştır. Bu yayılımda kapitalizmin yükselişi, teknolojinin ve iletişimin araçlarının gelişiminin payı olduğu düşünülmektedir. Avrupa'da İmparatorluklar...
Book
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JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU AND THE CIVIL RIGHTS OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION. The influence exerted by Rousseau on the declaration of political rights during the French Revolution is not generally acknowledged. But the role played by him in introducing their counterpart, i.e. a new concept of civil right based on the abolition of distinctions and the genera...
Thesis
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If we realize the really long prehistory of the European Soviet Republics, so the history of the ideological components, which not only have their independent role, belonging to this process, but also, as well in the form of the history of the revolutions as also in that of the communes, but also in the history of the leftist ideology can influence...
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Magna Carta in 1215 and 1789 from the French Revolution in parallel to globalization of human rights all over the world to this day and the state based on the rule of law and forms of government have improved. Therefore, the importance of individual human rights has increased alongside the community rights. The Internet has emerged as a closed circ...
Chapter
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Cemeteries, painting and poetry regularly use nature to offer solace for grief in northern Europe’s historically Protestant and secular cultures, but rarely in southern Europe’s Catholic cultures. To explain this difference, the chapter examines two hypotheses. The first argues that the comfort that northern European mourners find in nature is root...
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In France, secularism is celebrated in the public sphere. The paper makes general arguments about France’s changing identity and specific arguments about the burqa and niqab ban. It explains how French history shaped the ideology of secularism and of public civil religion, and how colonial legacy, immigration, fear of terrorism and security needs h...
Article
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This article examines the propaganda put forth by the French during their invasion of Egypt between 1798 and 1801. The French occupation and control of Egypt was realized through two important elements, invasion/war (military control/hard power) and propaganda (textual control/soft power). Military and textual strategies should be viewed as not onl...
Article
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Socialism is one of the great visions of a society in the modern era. Born in the aftermath of the French Revolution and the early days of industrialization, socialism is about achieving freedom and equality in real, practical terms. This article revisits three currents of socialist thought: utopian, Marxian and eco-socialist. Through a reading of...
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We look at portfolios of blue-chip US equities that are exposed to the overnight drift and minimize risk, as defined by the Fed's risk model for US securities. We document that there is a healthy premium in the cross-section, both pre and post-tax and in raw and risk-adjusted terms. In particular, we show that our portfolio is less risky than the m...
Article
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The article describes the sources of anti-religious conceptions in French philosophical literature of Radical Enlightenment, based on secret symbolic manuscripts: Theophrastus Redivivus, Le Militaire philosophe, Lettre d’Hypocrate à Damagatte, La vie de Mahomed, Le traite sur les trois imposteurs, La Moysade and Le Philosophe, and aims to explore t...
Cover Page
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After the French Revolution, the idea of a left-right (LR) divide gained importance in mass politics, especially in the West. At the systemic level, LR formed a code of communication between politicians, mass media and voters; at the individual level, it has been an instrument to orient voters in how to deal with the political realm. Various studie...
Article
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Frances Burney (1752-1840) was one of the most influential eighteenth-century British novelists. Apart from the novel, Burney also cultivated the theatre and she wrote texts of a marked political nature on the French Revolution, a fact that is not so well– known by the general public. This article is inscribed within the framework of gender studies...
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ABSTRACT The Basic Design (Art) Education constitutes the basis of Fashion Design Education as same in all fields of art and design education. The political freedoms occurred with the French Revolution caused radical changes in the social life structure, social roles and social order; it also prepared the appropriate ground for the Industrial Revol...
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This short paper reminds of the history of psychiatric ambulatories, from french revolution to psychotherapeutic treatment of members of the working class in Berlin and Vienna in the nineteenthirties until modern social psychiatry. Within this context of a progressive reasoning, we should recognize that forensic psychiatric ambulances are Janus-fac...
Article
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This article seeks to address current debates comparing polls and opinion mining as empirically based figuration models of public opinion in the light of in-depth intellectual debates on the role and nature of public opinion that began after the French Revolution and the controversy over public opinion spurred by the invention of polls. Issues of h...
Book
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In France, secularism is celebrated in the public sphere. The manuscript makes general arguments about France’s changing identity and specific arguments about the burqa and niqab ban. It explains how French history shaped the ideology of secularism and of public civil religion, and how colonial legacy, immigration, fear of terrorism and security ne...
Chapter
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This chapter examines further considerations derived from the research. Institutional factors related to religion exert a stronger structural and long-term influence on prosperity (competitiveness and corruption) than the cultural influence of religion (adherents). Prosperity and educational differences between Protestants (higher) and Roman Cathol...
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The article sets the most eminent defender of the French Revolution, Immanuel Kant, against its most eminent critic, Edmund Burke, articulating their radically different stance toward the French Revolution. Specifically, this juxtaposition is attempted through the concept of enthusiasm; a psychological state of intense excitement, which can refer t...
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Secularisation and religiosity in Uruguay are closer to Western European levels than to Latin American averages. The idea of medieval “Christendom” inherited from Hispanic times became obsolete and residual in Uruguay already during the nineteenth century (which is early compared to the rest of Latin America). Uruguay closely followed the laïcité m...
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Illiberalism dates way back to the aftermath of the french revolution but its post-communist resurrection may be approximately traced to the second decade of the new millennium. After reviewing several attempts to analyze the phenomenon and its causes, the article underlines the oft-neglected carl schmitt roots of the friend-enemy boundary common t...
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French revolution is a crucial event in the history. It paved way towards modernity from old monarchism. It ended feudalism and replaced it with capitalist system. The revolution started in 1789 and the next half decade glimpsed all its events. This article is focused upon elaborating causes, events and impacts of French revolution.
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This article explores the connections between Charles Dickens and the district of Possilpark in Glasgow. Dickens visited Possil House, the home of Archibald Alison, historian of the French Revolution, in December 1847. This is a ghost story, a story of hard times. It’s a tale of two cities, one inhabited by the privileged, another by the poor. It’s...
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Yepremyan, Tigran. «Napoleonic Paradigm of European Integration: Theory and History», 𝘕𝘢𝘱𝘰𝘭𝘦𝘰𝘯𝘪𝘤𝘢. 𝘓𝘢 𝘙𝘦𝘷𝘶𝘦, Vol. 39, No. 1, 2021, pp. 35-53. 🇬🇧 ➡️ ABSTRACT The article offers a holistic approach to the Napoleonic Paradigm of European Integration through the prism of world history and international affairs. In the time of the French Revolution, new...
Article
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The article examines the formal and thematic manifestations of seriality in the Netflix series La Révolution, which justifies the revolutionary outbreak in a counterfactual plot with a viral outbreak that turns the nobles into zombie-like monsters. While, on a macrostructural level, the generic frame of alternate history promotes the serial charact...
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On the ‘Act of Constitute’: The Problem of Modern Beginning in Alexis de Tocqueville and Hannah Arendt Through the American and French Revolution In the late of 18th century, The American and French Revolutions drove an impetus towards constitutional representative democracies together with the regime of popular sovereignty. With his texts on Amer...
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From antiquity until the French Revolution, mercenary troops were part of almost every major war. Kings and Emperors eagerly used mercenaries who fought not for political reasons, but for wages. In the 20th century, during the Cold War, the employment of paramilitary troops, often made up of World War I and II veterans, became common practice for b...
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The aim of this paper is to reflect on historical vicissitudes of relationship between crisis and critique. Starting point is an observational diagnosis of present socio-political conditions, which have transformed crisis from a turning point into a continuation and radicalization of the existing order. In an attempt to understand the ongoing subve...
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This article analyses the New Right’s understanding of the French Revolution. Since the most prominent intellectual of the New Right, Alain de Benoist, frames ‘Jacobinism’ as the New Right’s main enemy, the New Right may be understood as a counter-tradition to what it understands as Jacobinism. De Benoist defines Jacobinism as an ideology that make...
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The purpose of this essay is to analyse a forgotten work by Sylvain Maréchal, a French political writer of the Enlightenment. Written on the eve of the French Revolution, his Apologues modernes heavily criticize the socio-political system of the French monarchy of Louis XVI. The analysis of his work proves that the author does not limit himself to...
Article
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The two-volume biography of Napoleon, written by the famous Saratov historian N. A. Troitsky, will undoubtedly attract the attention of readers. They will be able to appreciate its thoughtful structure, impressive completeness, lively and imaginative language, polemical sharpness of some conclusions. The reviewer also draws attention to many errors...
Conference Paper
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When we look at the historical evolution and development dynamics of propaganda, we see that it dates back to the Ancient Greek city-states. Propaganda activities, which spread from Ancient Greece to Rome and then to all Western Europe through Christianity, entered a new phase with the 1789 French Revolution and continued to exist in social life at...
Article
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Artistic freedom, the influence of the French revolution and the massive development of musicology had a significant influence on the variety and diversity of compositional forms in the Romantic era. However, many features of the performance style in romantic period require a deeper understanding, especially related to expression features from perf...
Research
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The review notes that the book is a detailed sociological exposition of the genesis of a sociology of India in France. Seen as being marked by a structural tension between the two disciplinary approaches of philology and the social sciences that were synthesized in the work of Louis Dumont, the study attempts to bring to light the implicit assumpti...
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Freedom of speech has very early become an important aspect of a liberal enlighted society. Today freedom of speech and freedom of expression is recognized as a human right under article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and being accepted in international human rights law in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights...
Book
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Un libro que no le dejará indiferente. A book that will not leave you indifferent El dinero. Crónica de una impostura permanente. (*) El pasado septiembre, en la Feria del libro del retiro madrileño y entre las obras de no ficción, llamó mi atención en varias casetas un barquito de papel hecho con un billete de cien euros plasmado en la cubierta...
Article
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The novel, "A Tale of Two Cities" is the portrayal of dilemma of peasantry of France demoralised by the aristocracy of France in the year led to the revolution. The novel spotlights the unjust French culture against the fair English system that transforms the life of all characters (some belonging to England and others having their origin in France...
Article
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Marie Antoinette syndrome (Canities subita) can be defined by the sudden graying of a person's hair as a result of extreme stress, trauma or an illness. It was named after Marie Antoinette, the French queen whose hair turned white overnight until she was guillotined in 1793 during the French Revolution. Marie Antoinette, who was dethroned by the re...
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The article is devoted to the study of the problem of the doctrinal identification of freedom and inequality by classical liberalism and neoliberalism. Identifying the features of the naturalistic and theological approaches to the manifestation of inequality in human communities, the author notes the philosophical justification of the legal argumen...
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The two-volume Cambridge History of Atheism offers an authoritative and up to date account of a subject of contemporary interest. Comprised of sixty essays by an international team of scholars, this History is comprehensive in scope. The essays are written from a variety of disciplinary perspectives, including religious studies, philosophy, sociolo...
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Why did France experience the demographic transition first? This question remains one of the greatest puzzles of economics, demography, and economic history. The French pattern is hard to reconcile with elucidations of the process as found in other countries. The present analysis goes back to the roots of the process and offers novel ways of explai...
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History of Aubusson village Local lore previously held that the community was settled by defeated Berbers following the 8th-century Battle of Tours,[1,2] but it is now established that Aubusson has existed at least since the Gallo-Roman period.[3] The Camp des Châtres, within the town's boundaries, for a long time considered a Roman fort, actually...
Thesis
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This dissertation aims to explain through “contrasting-comparison” the teacher education policymaking processes in the “educative-states” England and France. Through a comprehensive neo- institutionalist conceptual framework the analysis tracks changes from 1980s to the present. In this period, teacher education has moved in England from a fractu...
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This document consists of fifteen workbook entries collected with the intention to provide further clarification of the problem of the public and triple contingency that I had introduced originally in a publication in Philosophy and Social Criticism in 1999 which, subsequently, enjoyed quite wide-ranging reception. To reflect the resonance and upta...
Article
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Committed to the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) since 2016, the National Natural History Museum (MNHN) library encountered opportunities and new challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic. The origins of MNHN date back to 1635, with the foundation of a royal garden for medicinal and teaching purposes, by King Louis XIII. It became the National Na...
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Camino de Santiago: The Way of St. James is a pilgrimage trail that has been in existence for over 1200 years and leads to the Sanctuary of St. James in Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, Spain). Today it is the most famous Christian pilgrimage and cultural trail in the world, called “the most beautiful road in the world” and “the main street of Euro...
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As the Ottoman domination in the Mediterranean became widespread, the Orthodox, who were accepted as Greek, took the place of Venetian, Genoese and French sea merchants by using their privileged position among non-Muslims in Ottoman politics. However, the armed struggle of the Greeks, which started with the Philiki Eterya Society in 1814 with the p...
Article
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ÖZ: Türk toplumunun tarihsel gelişiminin sui generis bir nitelikte olduğu, Türkiye’deki literatürde sıklıkla iddia edilmektedir. Bu savın belki de en önemli dayanağı, Türk Devrimi ile “Batı” (aslında sadece Fransa veya Fransa dâhil bir-iki ülke) arasında yapılan kıyaslamalardır. Bu kıyaslamalar, literatürde yıllardır egemenliğini sürdüren ve gerçek...
Article
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Discussions of generational identities need to take into account their long and non‐linear history. Our present focus on intergenerational inequity Baby‐Boomers vs. Millennials disregards the much more complex history of this social identity. This paper by a historian and literary scholar teases apart (1) the diachronic and synchronic meanings of ‘...
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The present paper attempts to scrutinize the solutions to inequality through the lens of abstraction vis-à-vis multidisciplinary disposition of socio-cultural and politico-legal development of proto-feminism. French Revolutionary gave nascent 'feminism' a content, which was a novelty in 1789, embedded in pre-revolutionary intellectual tradition whi...
Article
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Humanity is sporadically subjected to leaders with deviant behavior, ego problems, or psychiatric disorders, potentially leading to social instability. Bipolar disorder is not common in all populations, but coincidentally, studies suggest that it affected two sovereigns that were contemporaries, King George III of England, who died 201 years ago, a...
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This paper will assert that drama/theatre has a role to play in the democratisation process by presenting research that reveals how various forms of drama/theatre practice coincide with democratisation or its opposite, de- democratisation. Correlation between the use of monologic and dialogic dis- courses within drama/theatre practice and the proce...
Article
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The paper aims to contribute to the understanding of the conditionality of media and war. The intention was the identification of certain universal aspects that result from the historical development of both concepts. In the paper, based on the literature analysis, is gien a synthesis of the development of the physiognomy of the media influence on...
Article
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In this paper, I investigate the role of public opinion and De Staël’s liberal principles in relation to her psychological image of human nature. De Staël regarded the French Revolution as a new stage of human progress, in which the French people, for the first time, gained a political voice. From her position as a liberal republican, De Staël argu...
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We propose the concept of Accelerated Marine Extraction to signify two periods when rapidly increasing cod (Gadus morhua, Gadidae) and herring (Clupea harengus, Clupeidae) fisheries, c.1540–1600 and c. 1730–1790, exceeded human demographic growth. Total landings vastly exceeded previous assessments and more than doubled between 1520 and 1620 from a...
Article
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The main purpose of this study, based on the conviction that what we might call the positive aspect of the history of the Rule of Law, especially the separation of powers, has been thoroughly studied, is to examine its negative aspect, i.e., the arbitrariness concept and the manner in which citizens have perceived it throughout history. To address...
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This is a pre-peer review March 2020 version of my article (final title "GETTING BACK TO NORMAL: ON NORMATIVITY IN HISTORY AND HISTORIOGRAPHY" which will be published in the journal History and Theory in Sept 2021 at DOI: 10.1111/hith.12225 ABSTRACT “Normativity” has for over a century been a central concept in ethics, medicine and the social scien...
Article
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Edmund Burke, known for his full condemnation of the French Revolution, has ascribed to the French philosophes the making of that turn of mind which eventually created the conditions for the total subversion of France. This paper aims at investigating Burke’s interpretation of Rous- seau: in fact, him he considers to be the father of that dispositi...
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Reason and Revolution: Hegel and the Rise of Social Theory’ by Herbert Marcus Reason and Revolution: Hegel and the Rise of Social Theory is the philosopher Herbert Marcuse’s first major work in English – a masterful interpretation of Hegel’s philosophy and the influence it has had on European political thought from the French Revolution to the pre...
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Sidney Axinn nasceu na cidade de Nova York em 30 de janeiro de 1923. Após suspender os estudos a fim de servir ao exército americano, durante os anos de 1943-1946, no esforço da Segunda Guerra, tornou a se educar na Universidade da Pensilvânia, doutorando-se em filosofia em 1955. Influenciado pelo pragmatismo de Charles West Churchman, escreveu a t...
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What makes a language, what a dialect? This vexing question is reviewed for Austria and Canada, including the 18th-century roots of German, suggesting that current (linguistic) practice is in need of revision. The present paper sketches for two non-dominant standard varieties – Austrian German and Canadian English – the repercussions of the way pr...
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Talking about social origins of political parties from a sociological perspective contains serious difficulties. Although political parties show some similarities in the organizational platforms, the foundation states etymologically. Because every country has different historical realities. Even countries within Europe that are fairly close to each...
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Modernity and democracy are products of a dual revolution in Europe: The industrial revolution and the French revolution. Modernity is followed by liberal democracy. We in India have adopted the principles of these two revolutions, (and more, we even hoped for a vague socialism), into the theory and practice of our democracy. However, of the princi...
Article
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This paper aims at analysing the concept of the sublime, which is a pioneering concept of the English Romantics poetry, in relation to the French revolution in the works of Edmund Burke. Burke, unlike all other thinkers who view sublimity as a delightful and elevating feeling, perceives sublimity as an element of dangerous and terrifying incidents...
Article
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Values Education and an Analysis on Western Values In this study, besides the general information about values education, we mainly tried to deal with the content and general characteristics of Western values. The concepts of “value” or “order of values” are two words that are new even in contemporary European languages. The word "valuer" in French...
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Fransız İhtilali’nin yıkımları ve Endüstri Devrimi’nin şehirlerde başlattığı dönüşümün etkisiyle tarihî anıtların uğradığı tahribata karşı Fransa’da yükselen tenkitlerin önemli isimlerinden birisi olan Victor Hugo, bazı eserlerinin ana temasını o dönemdeki yıkımlara karşı verdiği mücadele etrafında kurgulamıştı. İngiltere’deki çağdaşı John Ruskin i...
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