Science topic

Freedom - Science topic

The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
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Publications related to Freedom (10,000)
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Book
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Erasing Palestine examines the history of radical anti-Zionist Jewish thought, beginning with the maverick intellectuals Abraham Leon (1918-1944) and Isaac Deutscher (1907-1967), whose critical relationship with Israel has been erased from public memory. Guided by Abram’s and Deutscher’s understanding of Jewish history, I examine anti-Zionist movem...
Article
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This study addresses the incompatibility question between the corporate organization of industry and a system based on the general recognition of economic rights and freedoms in Continental Western Europe. A dissociation/identification model based on a comparative analysis verifies the consistency of the premise that makes the emergence of economic...
Article
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In this paper, a new 3-RPS/US parallel mechanism with two degrees of freedom (DOFs) is obtained by adding a US (Universal joint and Spherical joint) passive limb into the 3-RPS (the limb consisting of one revolute, one prismatic, and one spherical joint) parallel mechanism with the aim of obtaining a high load-bearing capacity. The moving platform...
Chapter
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Education based on social issues has a long tradition in anglophone and francophone countries as well as in Italy and Ibero-American countries, although it has received different names according to the country or the time. Many articles have been written about how it is addressed and the different proposals considered in each context (Legardez & Si...
Article
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In marine operations, the performance of model-based automatic control design and decision support systems highly relies on the accuracy of the representative mathematical models. Model fidelity can be crucial for safe voyages and offshore operations. This paper proposes a data-driven parametric model identification of a ship with 6 degrees of free...
Article
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This study analyzed the interference of sample size on Tukey’s test for non-additivity and found the sample size to optimize the test for soybean grain yield. Six experiments were conducted in a completely randomized block design with either 20 or 30 cultivars and three repetitions of each treatment. Grain yield was determined per plant, totaling 9...
Chapter
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Linear modal analysis has been the major tool for analysis and design of structures. However, the method is restricted to structures with linear behaviour, and application of traditional methods in structures with nonlinearities yields results that do not typically have the desired characteristics of modal analysis. In the current work, a machine l...
Article
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A locked chain is an immovable sub-chain within a kinematic chain. The detection of immovable sub-chains is a critical step in the structural synthesis of planetary gear trains (PGTs). This paper presents a simplified method for the identification of locked chains in PGTs based on the vertex-edge mobility criterion. The vertex-edge mobility criteri...
Article
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Many countries have proven that they could rise from the COVID-19 pandemic. Yet, each country has different results in overcoming this pandemic due to some factors, specifically their leaders' role in responding to this pandemic. In Indonesia, Jokowi, as the official president has played central role in responding to the pandemic through his leader...
Chapter
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Vocational education and training (VET) have been suffering from a shortage of teachers (Kalisch & Kaiser 2019; OECD 2021). The question arises how the qualification to become a VET teacher and the working conditions as well as work attractiveness of VET teachers can be improved. 21 teachers were observed and interviewed in a structured manner on t...
Article
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La ignominia que padece y goza el mundo ante el capitalismo salvaje, el terror y alboroto del cambio de moralidades que nos suscita, las inestables, nulas y fracasadas políticas de estado, el incremento de pobreza, y un océano infinito de cóleras económico-sociales justifican la urgencia de pensar en la democracia, los derechos, la moralidad, etc....
Conference Paper
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The 6 th generation of wireless communication (6G) is envisioned to give rise to various technologies for improving the end-to-end communication performance, where the communication is envisioned to utilize wireless signals in the millimeter wave (mmWave) frequencies and above. Among others, these technologies comprise Intelligent Reflective Surfac...
Article
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Fuelled by the increase in popularity of virtual and augmented reality applications, point clouds have emerged as a popular 3D format for acquisition and rendering of digital humans, thanks to their versatility and real-time capabilities. Due to technological constraints and real-time rendering limitations, however, the visual quality of dynamic po...
Article
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Evidence consistently shows that men (compared to women) tend to be more attached to meat consumption, less willing to follow plant-based diets, and overall more likely to express defensiveness toward plant-based eating. This study expands knowledge on the meat-masculinity link, by examining whether negative affect toward plant-based eating helps e...
Article
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Background: Demonstrating therapeutic value from the patient perspective is important in patient-centered migraine management. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of eptinezumab, a preventive migraine treatment, on patient-reported headache impact, acute medication optimization, and perception of disease change when initiated...
Article
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The quantum Cramér–Rao bound sets a fundamental limit on the accuracy of unbiased parameter estimation in quantum systems, relating the uncertainty in determining a parameter to the inverse of the quantum Fisher information. We experimentally demonstrate near saturation of the quantum Cramér–Rao bound in the phase estimation of a solid-state spin s...
Article
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In the last few years, an increasing number of articles, reports, websites, and official documents have been published with narratives that link Fulani pastoralists to insecurity in West and Central Africa. In this article, we critically analyse one of these documents: a legislation factsheet from the United States Commission on International Relig...
Article
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The ripplet transform is a refinement of the ordinary curvelet transform based on the non-parabolic scaling law for resolving two-dimensional singularities. However, the ripplet transform offers flexibility only in the angular window which is not feasible for optimizing the concentration of the ripplet spectrum. Therefore, there arises a fundamenta...
Article
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A quantum interface for two-way entanglement transfer, e.g., between orbital angular momentum degree of freedom in free space and time-energy degree of freedom in optical fibers, provides a way toward establishing entanglement between remote heterogeneous quantum nodes. Here, we experimentally demonstrate this kind of transfer interface by using tw...
Article
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Recent advances in engineered material technologies (e.g., photonic crystals, metamaterials, plasmonics, etc.) provide valuable tools to control Cherenkov radiation. In all these approaches, however, the particle velocity is a key parameter to affect Cherenkov radiation in the designed material, while the influence of the particle trajectory is gen...
Article
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We investigate the collective mode response of the iron-based superconductor Ba 1− x K x Fe 2 As 2 using intense terahertz (THz) light. In the superconducting state a THz Kerr signal is observed and assigned to nonlinear THz coupling to superconducting degrees of freedom. The polarization dependence of the THz Kerr signal is remarkably sensitive to...
Article
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Pancharatnam–Berry (PB) phase has become an effective tool to realize the photonic spin Hall effect (PSHE) in recent years, due to its capacity of enhancing the spin-orbit interaction. Various forms of PSHEs have been proposed by tailoring the PB phase of light, however, the propagation trajectory control of the separated spin states has not been r...
Article
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Background The opioid antagonist extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) in the treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD) is effective in terms of safety, abstinence from opioid use and retention in treatment. However, it is unclear how patients experience and adjust to losing the possibility of achieving an opioid effect. This qualitative study is the f...
Article
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Quantum uncertainty is a well-known property of quantum mechanics that states the impossibility of predicting measurement outcomes of multiple incompatible observables simultaneously. In contrast, the uncertainty in the classical domain comes from the lack of information about the exact state of the system. One may naturally ask, whether the quantu...
Article
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Decision makers (DMs) are often hesitant about the evaluations for subjective or objective reasons, and established preference relations always have various limitations on the way that DMs express themselves. Aiming at investigating the consensus reaching process where DMs needs more decision freedom, this study proposes a novel decision support mo...
Article
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Frequency control of an interconnected power system in the presence of wind integration is complex since wind speed/power variations also affect system frequency in addition to load perturbations. Therefore, improving existing control schemes is necessary to maintain a stable frequency in such complex power system scenarios. In this paper, a new 2-...
Article
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MXenes, an emerging class of two-dimensional materials, exhibit characteristics that promise significant potential for their use in next generation optoelectronic sensors. An interplay between interband transitions and boundary effects offer the potential to tune the plasma frequencies over a large spectral range from the near-infrared to the mid-i...
Article
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In this field study of the labor process of food delivery workers, we examine the new rules of time and new forms of labor time control in the food delivery industry. Food delivery platforms attract laborers with the flexibility of working time and place but simultaneously strictly surveil the labor process of delivery workers, thus establishing a...
Article
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z: Günümüzde açık alanlarda kullanılan navigasyon uygulamaları oldukça yaygındır. İç mekânlarda ise bu durum herkes tarafından kabul görmüş standart bir konumlama donanımının kullanılmaması, daha yüksek maliyet, doğruluk sorunları, iç mekânın yapısının dış mekânlara kıyasla karmaşıklık göstermesi ve iç mekân navigasyonunu kat düzeyi ve katlar arası...
Article
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Silicon microsphere photodiodes constitute optoelectronic devices able to provide resonance-enhanced photo-current not only in the visible but also in the near infrared range by virtue of their associated Mie resonances. They are synthesized by means of a bottom-up process that allows obtaining thousand of devices in a single batch. The microsphere...
Article
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In this article, we construct a very simple double pendulum (the concept of a pendulum should be familiar to all beginning students of classical mechanics). Since a double pendulum has two degrees of freedom, we suggest that this pendulum can be used in the classroom environment to illustrate the concept of normal modes and we use video software to...
Article
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PENDAHULUAN Indonesia merupakan negara yang majemuk memiliki keberagaman di dalamnya, berupa keberagaman suku bangsa, budaya, bahasa, warna kulit, kepercayaan dan agama hal ini menjadi warna perbedaan di tengah-tengah lingkungan masyarakat. Dengan adanya berbagai corak perbedaan sudah sepantasnya seluruh masyarakat untuk senantiasa bahu membahu unt...
Conference Paper
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This paper deals with the control of a laser spot in the context of minimally invasive surgery of the middle ear, e.g., cholesteatoma removal. More precisely, our work is concerned with the exhaustive burring of residual infected cells after primary mechanical resection of the pathological tissues since the latter cannot guarantee the treatment of...
Article
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As an important part of power transmission in mechanical system, the health status of gear needs to be judged accurately. However, most of researchers focus on single fault gear, and very few papers are reported on the performance of multiple faults. So the gear mathematical model with pitting-crack coupling faults is derived in this study, and it...
Article
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The quantum calculus provides an extra degree of freedom to search the local and global minima by inducing a q-parameter. Motivated by this fact, a quantum calculus-based noisy links incremental least mean squares (NL-qILMS) algorithm is proposed. Moreover, for the proposed NL-qILMS, we also devised various time-varying techniques for the selection...
Article
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The objectives of this study were to determine and to expose the morphology of polyamorous relationships through their conception and characteristics, identifying experienced and perceived situations of discrimination, and to analyze the future expectations for polyamorous relationships. For this purpose, 11 people who were in a polyamorous relatio...
Article
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We compute the critical exponents for nonextensive λϕ3 scalar field theory for all loop orders and |q−1|<1. We apply the results for both nonextensive percolation and Lee-Yang edge singularity problems. The corresponding systems are nonextensive generalizations of their extensive counterparts. For that we employ tools from the recently introduced n...
Article
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This paper investigates an iterative learning approach integrated with sliding mode control method to accomplish passive rehabilitation therapy tasks for wearable 6 degrees of freedom (DOF) upper-limb exoskeleton. Firstly, the motion data of human body is collected from a healthy subject through VICON motion capture system and reasonable trajectori...
Article
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A flexible structure immersed in a flowing fluid may exhibit vortex-induced vibration (VIV) dominated by either a fundamental or a higher-order mode depending on the flow velocity. Multimode coupled VIV may also exist if the structure presents closely spaced modes or significant nonlinear characteristics. While the traditional linear tuned mass dam...
Article
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Can we discuss humanization in health without bringing the expressions of racism in the health-ilness process to the centrality of the debate? Would it be possible to think of humanized care practices without considering structural and institutional racism in health? An affirmative answer to one of these questions reinforces the current myth of Bra...
Article
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The research used the original method of "Words and Things" (WaT) to explore implicit values. The method is based on the assumption that if something is important to an individual, he/she considers it to be real. The results of two age groups were compared, i.e. students, representing young adults (M =19,9) and "young seniors" (M = 65.3). The respo...
Article
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The establishment of a remote administration system in university institutions in the DRC is a relevant development for the scientific community. It makes it possible to solve the problems linked to the democratization and geospatial freedom of communicating entities, while offering transparent and secure access to applications and remote machine...
Article
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Much political conflict in the world revolves around the issue of how much freedom to accord people. Liberal democracies are characterized by, e.g., the rule of law and a strong protection of civil rights, giving individuals a great deal of legally guaranteed freedom to lead their lives as they see fit. However, it is not known whether legal freedo...
Preprint
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This paper discusses how in the British tradition, political economy, which partly emerged out of discourses in natural theology, ethics, and jurisprudence, casts some light on the content of our moral obligations. Drawing on Hutcheson, Hume, and Smith, I illustrate how commerce came to be depicted as a mode of cooperation-either literally with God...
Article
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The article presents a theoretically significant issue for further development of open education. The authors have analyzed the documents adopted at the international level that result in clarification of the principles underlying the open education initiative. It is a new pedagogy where educators and students co‐create, form and develop knowledge,...
Article
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Objective Illegal dumping of household and business waste, known as fly-tipping in the UK, is a significant environmental crime. News agencies reported major increases early in the COVID-19 pandemic when waste disposal services were closed or disrupted. This study examines the effect of lockdowns on illegal dumping in the UK. Method A freedom of i...
Article
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Merdeka Belajar-Kampus Merdeka (MBKM) Program aims to be the answer to realizing independent, flexible and quality learning in higher education in order to create an innovative, open and student-oriented learning culture. The MBKM policy relates to higher education learning activities that give students the right and freedom to study outside the pr...
Research Proposal
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Iris Murdoch, who refuses to call herself a feminist author, chooses a male narrator in her novel The Black Prince and tells the whole story from his perspective. The male narrator, who is called Bradley Pearson, is an author with writer's block, and he has various relationships with different women throughout the story. According to his narration...
Article
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In this paper, we consider the problem of multiple active and full-duplex (FD) attackers in physical-layer security of wireless communications. The attackers can eavesdrop the legitimate signal from a transmitter to a receiver and jam it at the same time with a high power. The channel realizations, pilot signals, and jamming signals of the attacker...
Article
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In this study, we present a three-dimensional numerical model for the interaction of flow with submerged flexible vegetation, based on a large-eddy simulation and the immersed boundary method. The model innovatively realises the interaction between the flow and highly flexible vegetation with clustered leaves. Besides being a three-dimensional mode...
Article
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تعد بادرة التغيير السياسي التي عرفتها تونس عام 2011، مثالا واضحا لوعي جيل سياسي في القرن الواحد والعشرين، وبالتالي إعادة إحياء المقاربة الجيلية. ويعكس هذا المقال الرهانات المفتوحة التي شكلتها "ثورة الياسمين" وما بعدها بالنسبة لجيل الشباب، ويمكن رؤية ذلك بوضوح، ضمن إيقاع نوعين من القيم؛ القيم المادية كالبطالة المتزايدة، التي زادت من تضاعف مستويات ال...
Article
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Background: Antenatal exercises , have been viewed as a reassuring sign of healthy pregnancy staying a active has lots of benefits both during your pregnancy and when it comes to giving birth. These exercises may be carried on with normal routine exercises. Objectives: 1) To assess effectiveness of planned teaching regarding antenatal exercise amon...
Article
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With the advancement of high-performance computation capabilities in recent years, high-fidelity modelling tools such as computational fluid dynamics are becoming increasingly popular in the offshore renewable sector. To justify the credibility of the numerical simulations, thorough verification and validation is essential. In this work, preparator...
Chapter
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A b s t r a k t Opracowanie dotyczy jednego z najczęściej analizowanych pojęć we współczesnym społeczeństwie, czyli demokracji 1. Celem artykułu jest krytyczna analiza przyczyn niezadowolenia obywateli z demokracji, tj. jej nieodłącznych niebezpieczeństw, które najbardziej uwidaczniają się w problemie tyranii większości. Nieustannie przejawia się t...
Article
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This article aims to analyze the explanatory power of the constituent components of the Heritage Foundation’s Index of Economic Freedom over the Global Entrepreneurship and Development Institute’s Global Entrepreneurship Index and its sub-indexes. We analyze a sample of 118 countries with available historic data from 2014–2019. We evaluate the impa...
Article
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It is observed that only the primary local mechanism that is formed in an earthquake can be differentiated by the pushover analysis and it may not comprise other shortcomings that is produced when the dynamic attributes of the structure change after the development of the principal mode mechanism. However, the pushover analysis can be implemented w...
Article
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An assembly composed of multiple aerial vehicles can realize omnidirectional motion with six degrees of freedom. Such an assembly has a heavier payload capacity and better fault tolerance compared with a single aircraft. Thus, such assemblies have the potential to become an ideal platform for manipulation. This paper investigates the controller des...
Article
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The aim of the article is to substantiate the role of the educational environment of higher education institutions, under the influence of which students form a system of principles, values and moral guidelines, rethink existing ways of working and creating new ones. It is proved that an important role in the formation of such an environment is pla...
Article
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The ionic liquid propylammonium nitrate (PAN) was elaborated in the present study applying NMR. Temperature dependences of ¹H and ¹³C spin–lattice relaxation rates and diffusion coefficients were measured to describe molecular mobility in PAN. It was discovered that the temperature dependences of the relaxation rates do not have a maximum. An appro...
Article
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A Comparative Analysis of the European and Serbian Human Rights Protection System in the Constitutional Complaint Proceeding Summary In this paper, the author analyses the similarities and differences between two systems of human rights protection: the European and the national system. The European human rights protection system is based on the Eur...
Article
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The Davydov–Kyslukha nonlinear exciton–phonon model on a regular one-dimensional lattice is asserted to be the driving force for the development of integrable multi-component nonlinear dynamical systems encompassing excitonic, vibrational and orientational degrees of freedom. The two most representative quasi-one-dimensional integrable multi-compon...
Preprint
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Close to the demixing transition, the degree of freedom associated to relative density fluctuations of a two-component Bose-Einstein condensate is described by a non-dissipative Landau-Lifshitz equation. In the quasi one-dimensional weakly immiscible case, this mapping surprisingly predicts that a dark-bright soliton should oscillate when subject t...
Article
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Part II of the article presents the three-stage test adopted by the European Court of Human Rights in the Grand Chamber judgment in Guðmundur Andri Ástráðsson v. Iceland, which makes it possible to check whether the adjudicating authority satisfies the condition of a ‘tribunal established by law’ in the meaning of Article 6 of the Convention for th...
Article
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Topological insulators have attracted great interest in recent years because of their robust transports of topological boundary states. Usually, the topological boundary states are sharply localized at the boundaries, which limits the capacity of transmissions and the interfacing with existing bulk devices in applications. Here, based on the acoust...
Article
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Aim: That study aims to examine the impact of the economic freedom index, ODA, and economic development on economic growth in SAARC countries. Moreover, it will investigate the short and long-run impacts on GDP per capita in these countries. Methodology: it will depend on data for five countries out of 8 countries in SAARC due to a lack of data for...
Article
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This article explores women’s engagement with food production and distribution in Tobago from 1840 to 1940. Scholars such as Raymond Smith have suggested that freedom in the British West Indies meant “the withdrawal of female labor from plantation work.” In Tobago, while women fled the estates, they did not abandon working the land. In fact, workin...
Article
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From an intergroup relations perspective, attitudes toward immigration derive from assessments of immigrants' ethnic proximity to the host society. However, attitudes are embedded not only in the notion of intergroup relations, they are influenced by the information environment in which public discourse about immigration is shaped. This paper inves...
Preprint
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Using a relationship between Hubbles 'parameter', Temperature, Energy and effective mass , From there obtain in 3+1 dimensions a relationship between effective mass, and the initial degrees of freedom, to the 1/4 th power. We will discuss candidates for entry into this , assuming for a start that initial universe conditions are similar to a black h...
Preprint
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An approach to the geometric description of the birth and evolution of the universe is proposed. The wave function as the fundamental field is represented by a Clifford number with the transfer rules that possess the structure of the Dirac equation for any manifold. In terms of this geometric representation of the universe wave function, the nature...