Science topics: GeoscienceEuropeFrance
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France - Science topic

A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
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Publications related to France (10,000)
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Conference Paper
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ISFRI 2023 congress which will take place in France, and more precisely in Toulouse, from 25 to 27 May 2023. Today, forensic imaging plays a major and growing role in forensic science and is a rapidly expanding field of research. The joint ISFRI and IAFR annual meeting is a unique opportunity to learn about the latest developments in this field of...
Poster
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La Junta directiva de la Asociación Internacional Convivio anima a sus socios y a todos los especialistas en la materia a presentar trabajos que ahonden en el conocimiento de la poesía de la Península Ibérica y de las tradiciones poéticas nacidas en la Romania. Este llamamiento desea, por tanto, recuperar el espíritu original de nuestra asociación,...
Cover Page
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Guest Editors, Prof. Dr. Rabah Hamzaoui Université Paris-Est, Marne-la-Vallée, France Dr. Assia Djerbi Univ. Gustave Eiffel, Cerema, UMR MCD, F- 77454 Marne-la-Vallée, France Subject: [Materials IF 3.623] Invitation to publish a paper with discount on Special Issue “Development and Characterization of Geopolymers and Nanostructured Construction Ma...
Article
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Background: Quantification of COVID-19 burden may be useful to support the future allocation of resources. Objective: To evaluate the public health impact of COVID-19 in French ambulatory patients with at least one risk factor for severe disease. Study design: A Markov model was used to estimate life years, costs, number of hospitalisations, n...
Research
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As Vogue Paris, the only edition containing a city name, became Vogue France, the question of Paris as fashion capital is ever more pressing on grounds built upon dichotomic pairs like inclusivity-exclusivity, material-symbolic, global-local. Fashioning the ‘Little Parises’ of the World is a collective, edited volume exploring the Parisian spirit (...
Article
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Background: Patients with maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) experiencing metabolic decompensations have traditionally been treated with branched-chain amino acid (BCAA)-free mixture via oral or nasogastric administration routes. In some patients, enteral administration is not possible, either because the patient presents with vomiting, coma, or ref...
Article
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Background Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is associated with a heavy burden of illness. Objective To evaluate use of lanadelumab in a French Authorization for Temporary Use (ATU) program. Methods ATU requests were made between October 12, 2018, and March 13, 2019; patients were followed through September 23, 2019. At entry, patients received lanadel...
Article
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Background Excess exposure to norepinephrine can compromise microcirculation and organ function. We aimed to assess the association between norepinephrine exposure and acute kidney injury (AKI) and intensive care unit (ICU) mortality after cardiac surgery. Methods This retrospective observational study included adult patients who underwent cardiac...
Article
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This paper examines the incidence of firm bankruptcies and start-ups in Switzerland based on unique register data. We propose to assess the frequency of bankruptcies over time using the concept of excess mortality. During the COVID-19 crisis in 2020 and the first half of 2021, bankruptcy rates were substantially lower as compared to the pre-crisis...
Article
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The generic status of the species referred to Protadelomys has long been problematic. Most Protadelomys species are now considered paraphyletic, except for the type species P. cartieri and for P. lugdunensis . Here, we revised these two species from their type locality, Egerkingen (Swiss Jura) for P. cartieri and Lissieu (Rhône, France) for P. lugd...
Article
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Background SARS-CoV-2 continues to spread despite fast vaccine rollout, which could be attributed to waning immunity or to a reduced protection against some variants. A thorough characterization of vaccine protection and its duration in time is needed to inform vaccination policies and enhance public trust. Methods We linked three national databas...
Article
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The health crisis linked to Covid-19 has had the effect of strongly increasing the activity of certain trades or, on the contrary, decreasing it to the point of stopping. It has also disrupted the organization of work in companies: remote work, physical distancing, etc. The question that now arises is to know the sustainability of these development...
Article
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Background Little is known about patients who forego healthcare, although it is an important provider of unfavorable health-related outcomes. Forgoing healthcare characterizes situations in which people do not initiate or interrupt a care process, even though they perceive the need for it, whether or not this need is medically proven. The aims of t...
Article
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Effective and rapid effusive crisis response is necessary to mitigate the risks associated with lava flows that could threaten or inundate inhabited or visited areas. At Piton de la Fournaise (La Réunion, France), well-established protocols between Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise - Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (OVPF-I...
Article
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The Structural components in metallic structures subjected to mechanical and thermal loading in severe environmental conditions experience a different range of Temperatures. So, the Steel Structures are predominant thermal loading apart from automatic loading at the interfaces of the various metallic components under severe environmental conditions...
Article
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Background: Whether the COVID-19 pandemic impacts Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) adherence over the long-term is unknown and only preliminary short-term data have been reported. Methods: With the aim of describing the impact of the first and second waves of COVID-19 on PAP adherence during 2020 in France, we designed a cross-sectional study of S...
Article
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Hydrological model parameters are usually calibrated based on the performance of the daily river discharge data recorded at the basin outlet. In the unconvetional approach, satellite-based remote sensing data, which is open to everyone, is utilized in addition to the discharge data. The latter approach is aslo called spatial calibration in hydrolog...
Chapter
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This chapter, under the format of an essay, discusses the importance of context in comparative education analysis and for understanding teacher education policy. It looks at the global context from the age of enlightenment to the age of PISA and TALIS, the regional context of the Bologna Process and European integration, and the local context of te...
Article
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Understanding the spatial variation of soil properties is central to many sub-disciplines of soil science. Commonly in soil mapping studies, a soil map is constructed through prediction by a statistical or non-statistical model calibrated with measured values of the soil property and environmental covariates of which maps are available. In recent y...
Book
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L’objectif de cet ouvrage est de publier les résultats de la recherche lancée en 2004 dans l’ACI « Espaces et territoires » et poursuivie dans le cadre de l’ANR, en 2008. Ce programme de recherche a porté sur la dynamique spatiotemporelle des territoires, abordée dans la longue durée, du Néolithique au Moyen Âge, selon différentes thématiques et da...
Article
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Linked article: This is a mini commentary on Stephen J. McCall et al., pp. 1676–1685 in this issue. To view this article visit https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.17169
Article
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Advanced iron boride protective coatings on carbon steels were tested and evaluated, for the first time, in actual corrosion conditions in the geothermal Rittershoffen and Soultz-sous-Forets sites (France) with positive results. Moreover, large size boronized spools demonstrated high performance in geothermal corrosive flows of NaCl-KCl-CaCl2-rich...
Article
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Natural forest regrowth on abandoned land represents a major land use change in, some regions of Europe. This is driven by various factors related to land abandonment, particularly changing socioeconomic conditions for agriculture and rural depopulation., Little research exists about how the issue is addressed at the policy level. This paper, looks...
Presentation
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The RRSH is an international biomedical conference organized by the International Committee on Rapid Responses to Steroid Hormones (ICRRSH) and that explores, presents, and discusses advances in steroid hormone functions in biology, chemistry, pharmacology and medicine. This meeting focuses in both, rapid and long-term effects of steroids. The RRSH...
Article
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The objective of this research is to understand the service e-quality dimensions that contribute to creating value for Generation Z (Gen Z) consumers when choosing Internet-Only Banks (IOBs) services. The data were collected from a sample of Gen Z IOB users in France. Structural Equation Modeling was used to test the hypotheses. Results suggest tha...
Article
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School closures, forcibly brought about by the COVID-19 crisis in many countries, have impacted children’s lives and their learning processes. The heterogeneous implementation of distance learning solutions is likely to bring a substantial increase in education inequality, with long term consequences. The present study uses data from a survey colle...
Article
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A Deep Neural Network (DNN) is used to estimate the Advanced Scatterometer (ASCAT) C-band microwave normalized backscatter (σ40o), slope (σ′) and curvature (σ″) over France. The Interactions between Soil, Biosphere and Atmosphere (ISBA) land surface model (LSM) is used to produce land surface variables (LSVs) that are input to the DNN. The DNN is t...
Article
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Objectives Using brief samples of speech recordings, we aimed at predicting, through machine learning, the clinical performance in Huntington’s Disease (HD), an inherited Neurodegenerative disease (NDD). Methods We collected and analyzed 126 samples of audio recordings of both forward and backward counting from 103 Huntington’s disease gene carrie...
Article
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This research aims to study citizens' intention to download and use the COVID-19 tracing app in France. The theoretical framework considered the theory of technology acceptance model, the theory of goal-directed behaviour, and the theory of privacy to explain the intention to use the COVID-19 tracing app. The methodology included an online survey t...
Chapter
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After gaining independence from France in 1954, Laos was immediately caught up in the Cold War. The neutral country included an internal conflict of socio-political factions, which was also intensified by the warring powers. What is overlooked in the literature is the diverging ideas on neutralism prompted by the leading neutralist groups led by So...
Article
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Recent soil moisture (SM) reconstructions revealed plunging trends and enhanced SM-temperature couplings over the last two decades in dry regions. However, how SM changed and whether the land-atmosphere interaction was intensified over time in humid regions remained unknown. Here we reported the first six-century-long regional summer SM reconstruct...
Article
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Ysabel Ydelsa Delgado Del Águila nació el 23 de diciembre de 1990 en Lima (Perú). Estudió la carrera de Traducción e Interpretación en el Instituto de Educación Superior Tecnológico Privado Cibertec, donde se especializó en el aprendizaje de las lenguas del inglés y el portugués y se graduó con una tesis dedicada al escritor portugués José Saramago...
Article
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When it comes to Chinese efforts behind the 16+1, economic engagement was never a priority. Apart from a huge trade gap between China and the majority of CEE countries, direct investments have hardly materialized, which has led to disappointment across the region. The 16+1 platform’s first decade demonstrates that from China’s perspective, the foru...
Article
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Several scoring systems have been developed to assess suitability of individual patients for intensive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) therapy. We sought to compare the performance of these scores in a cohort of 428 consecutive adults with AML who received conventional induction chemotherapy in five academic centers in France. All scoring systems iden...
Article
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Every year, thousands of students decide to travel to a foreign country to study. The popularity of these international experiences is increasing every year due to the different benefits they offer. In relation to language gains, researchers have investigated study abroad experiences that take place in countries where the students' second language...
Article
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Populations of Monacha atacis from southern Occitania in France and of M. samsunensis from northern Anatolia in Turkey (Atakum/Samsun and Kastamonu) were investigated by an integrative approach based on morphological (shell and genitalia) and molecular (mitochondrial and nuclear gene sequences) features. Morphological examination revealed a complex...
Article
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A long-lasting question in comparative politics is whether the number of candidates/parties increases turnout. Existing observational studies on the topic find mixed results. We thus apply a regression discontinuity design to data 13,910 legislative and cantonal electoral districts in France since 1978. In the two-round system used in these electio...
Article
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Este artigo expõe os contextos históricos e teóricos dos anos 1940 a 1980, mostrando a importância do modelo de planejamento francês na estruturação das instituições que foram criadas no Brasil na implementação de políticas desenvolvimentistas, e especifica algumas das ideias mais disseminadas do antigo desenvolvimentismo. O texto aborda a mudança...
Article
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Objectives: Summer intermittent sun exposure is a major risk factor for melanoma. Socioeconomic position, cognitive and psychosocial factors play a role in sun protection behaviors but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. This study aimed to measure the influence of educational level on sun protection behaviors in French summer vacationers on the...
Poster
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Phenological plasticity is a common response to climate change for passerines, with earlier reproduction in warmer years. Plasticity varies between populations and is affected by some environmental cues as forest type. We still know little about factors limiting or promoting the expression of phenological plasticity. Such effects can be investigate...
Article
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In Indonesia, the partnership model was previously popularized by gig companies. However, now it is spreading into various businesses, such as e-commerce, shipping, and start-up industries. Over the years, the extensive use of the partnership model is becoming problematic as it transforms into a "misclassified partnership," where a job that should...
Article
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Zucchini yellow fleck virus (ZYFV), genus Potyvirus, is the causal agent of a disease of cucurbits. The genome sequences of seven ZYFV isolates of different origin were determined, two of which were reconstructed from a squash ( Cucurbita sp.) collected in 2017 in Greece, while the others, accessions from the DSMZ Plant Virus Collection, were from...
Article
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RESUMO: O enredo da série "Emily in Paris" é bastante simples. Também deve-se notar que a maioria das pessoas que "Emily" conhece são capazes de conversar em inglês, mas acham difícil encontrar equivalentes em inglês para seu discurso. Devemos citar primeiro como exemplo a palavra "la plouc", que é usada como referência ao estilo e às maneiras de E...
Article
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This paper examines wealth accumulation among couple-headed households and investigates changes in within-household inequality over time and across couple statuses. Going beyond previous research that mostly studies wealth accumulation within marriages by comparing married with unmarried individuals, we consider the legal statuses of couples (cohab...
Article
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Background. The objectives of this study were (1) to determine factors associated with impaired sleep and (2) to evaluate the relationship between impaired sleep and the outcome. Methods. Secondary analysis of a prospective observational cohort study in 54 intensive care units in France and Belgium. Sleep quality was quantified by the patients with...
Article
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In the era of positivism and anticlericalism of France’s Belle Époque, scientist Alexis Carrel stood in stark contrast as one preoccupied with his faith and its relation to scientific scrutiny. Despite his early adult agnosticism, he sought proof of the divine and chose verification of the miraculous cures reported from the shrine at Lourdes, Franc...
Preprint
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Crystallized intelligence (gc) is considered culture-specific, but this notion is rarely substantiated empirically. We empirically investigated to what extent the measurement of declarative knowledge depends on the national specificity of its indicators and on individuals’ affinity for certain countries, respectively. Therefore, we administered a k...
Technical Report
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L’enquête commanditée par la Commission nationale consultative des droits de l’homme (CNCDH)1 dans le cadre de son mandat de rapporteur national indépendant sur la lutte contre la haine et les discriminations anti-LGBTI est la première enquête de cette ampleur en France. Si plusieurs enquêtes sur les deux dernières décennies se sont intéressées au...
Conference Paper
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Un entraîneur de natation a été observé en modalité distante pendant le confinement lié à la Covid-19. Ce professionnel a continué l’activité avec ses nageurs par visioconférence : entraînements de gymnastique, mais aussi des petits cours théoriques sur la natation et de l’analyse vidéo de compétitions olympiques. Le développement de l’activité di...
Poster
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Entraîner en natation par visioconférence Sujet de l’intervention Un entraîneur de natation a été observé en modalité distante pendant le confinement lié à la Covid-19. Ce professionnel a continué l’activité avec ses nageurs par visioconférence : entraînements de gymnastique, mais aussi des petits cours théoriques sur la natation et de l’analyse...
Conference Paper
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Students working on models; an on-going experimentation in mathematics and chemistry Jean-Baptiste Lagrange Laboratoire de Didactique André Revuz. University of Paris, France. This paper focuses on modelling at upper secondary level. The objective is to give students an understanding of mathematical concepts and methods in close relationship to a d...
Article
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Background: During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, calculation of the number of emergency department (ED) beds required for patients with vs. without suspected COVID-19 represented a real public health problem. In France, Amiens Picardy University Hospital (APUH) developed an Artificial Intelligence (AI) project called "Predictio...
Preprint
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This text is structured around the following question: how does France approach the racial issue given that French State prohibits the use of race category? The central argument is that studies on racial question in hexagonal France practice an ethnic and racial bricolage based on legal (nationality) and geographical (country and region) categories...
Article
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This study investigates the impact of globalization, real income, and tourism on the environment in top 10 destinations that attract the most tourists, using panel unit root, panel cointegration, and panel cointegration estimators for the period between 1995 and 2014. Panel cointegration test results show that the series moves together in the long...
Article
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L'ancienneté de l'immigration en France et l'élargissement des pays d'origine des immigrés depuis 50 ans ont façonné la diversité de la population française. En 2019-2020, parmi les personnes vivant en logement ordinaire en France métropolitaine, 5,8 millions sont immigrées, soit 9 % de la population. Près de la moitié sont nées en Afrique et un ti...
Technical Report
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Analysis for the regions in Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Croatia, Portugal and Spain
Article
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Various materials have been used in managing perforations. MTA HP (Angelus, Londrina, Brazil), a more recent silicate-based cement material, was developed based on the biological and physical properties of calcium-silicate cements, claiming improved performance compared with traditional MTA. Although several studies have assessed the bond strength...
Article
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Microphor baechlii sp. nov. (Switzerland, Turkey), M. chvalai sp. nov. (France), M. nevadensis sp. nov. (Spain), M. pallipes sp. nov. (Italy), and M. turcicus sp. nov. (Turkey) are described and illustrated. The neotype of M. anomalus (Meigen, 1824) is designated. Males of all known Palaearctic species of Microphor are keyed, genitalia are illustra...
Article
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Records of Syrphidae (Diptera) from RNN l’étang de Cousseau (Gironde) are presented, including 4 species new to the department, among which Helophilus hybridus Loew, 1846 is also new to Aquitaine and the South of France. A key to the identification of French Helophilus species, plus H. affinis Wahlberg, 1844, and H. continuus Loew, 1854, is provid...
Article
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This paper tracks the development of Merleau-Ponty's inquiries into language through the themes of institution, symbolism, and nature in his Collège de France lectures of 1953-1960. It seeks to show the continuity of Merleau-Ponty's inquiries over this period. The Problem of Speech course (1953-1954) constitutes his last extended treatment of speec...
Article
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Resumo: As representações geográficas da África meridional nos mapas produzidos pelo geógrafo francês Jean-Baptiste Bourguignon D'Anville se basearam nos relatos de viagem de navegadores, missionários, militares e funcionários portugueses e agentes a serviço da VOC neerlandesa, que frequentaram a parte sul do continente entre os séculos XV e XVIII....
Article
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In France, as in other European countries, the age at first cohabiting union has risen over the past decades, as a result of longer school enrolment, structural economic changes, and new family norms. While the median age at first co-resident couple was 23.8 for men born in France in the beginning of the 1950s, it was 26.0 among the generation born...
Chapter
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Una introducción al Nacionalismo Esencialista alemán y al Nacionalismo Constructivista francés y sus vinculaciones con el Cristianismo y las Ciencias Sociales respectivamente, desde la perspectiva de su impacto en la Historiografía Europea en general
Article
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We are pleased that submission rates at Ecological Monographs have been increasing for the last four years; they are up 7% from 2020 and 18% from 2019. Perhaps this partly reflects a pandemic bump in author productivity, but 2022 has also started with a high pace of submissions. We are receiving more varied and cross-cutting manuscripts than ever b...
Article
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Background In France, the increase in COVID-19 vaccine uptake among older adults slowed down between May and June 2021. Using the data from a national survey, we aimed to assess COVID-19 vaccine uptake among French residents aged 65 years and older, particularly at risk of severe form of the infection, and identify factors associated with non-vacci...
Article
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Saniwa is an extinct genus of varanid squamate from the Eocene of North America and Europe. Up to now, only one poorly known species, Saniwa orsmaelensis Dollo, 1923, has been reported from Europe. Diagnostic material was limited to vertebrae with only preliminary description and no figure provided, except of one dorsal vertebra that was designated...
Article
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Introduction: In most countries, the societal view of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is very negative. The initiatives that are part of the so-called "dementia-friendly approach" aim not only at promoting well-being and dignity of persons suffering from AD but also improving the way they are regarded and their inclusion in society. Unfortunately, scarce...
Article
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Visiting natural areas is considered an important factor of well-being. Along with urbanization, an extensive literature has developed that examines the presence of natural areas in urban settings for the benefit of urban dwellers. However, little is known about how much people perceive the presence of nature in different types of areas (such as ci...
Preprint
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Understanding extreme events and their probability is key for the study of climate change impacts, risk assessment, adaptation, and the protection of living beings. In this work we develop a methodology to build forecasting models for extreme heatwaves. These models are based on convolutional neural networks, trained on extremely long 8,000-year cl...