Science topics: GeoscienceEuropeFrance
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France - Science topic

France is a country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
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Dear colleagues,
Does anyone have any information about the Congress, symposium and conference that will be held in France in the fall of 2022?
Because there are many fake conference advertisements.
Thank you...
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You will not find someone who knows about all conferences in France. In addition to the links provided by Anton Vrdoljak , see also this discussion for recommendations: https://www.researchgate.net/post/List_of_current_predatory_fake_congresses
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Dear Community,
I'm searching for bird-window collision research in France.
Maybe somebody is aware of a research group which is looking into this topic?
Best, Dominique
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Michael Uebel this is great, thank you so much
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I am reading about Neanderthals, and also happened to go over the migration of Native Americans to the American continent. The ice age that lowered the sea level by 400 feet and allowed that migration. Was there any similar land bridge events before that?
If so, and the Neanderthals were active well before "modern humans", would they have migrated to the America's before? Say 40,000 years ago or 80,000 or 120,000, or 200,000+?
It is hard to search because all anyone on the web wants to talk about is the last ice age. "Our" ice age.
I am not being facetious. This question seemed interesting enough to share. I could just add it to my personal list of thousands of such questions. But ResearchGate is maturing and growing every day. It ought to be a collaborative site.
Could Neanderthals could have crossed during the last 250,000 years?
I found this page at https://www.e-education.psu.edu/earth107/node/1506 where its says "last 20,000 years" but, thankfully, the chart of sea level goes back 140,000 years. At least it was narrower. Would it have frozen over? Could it have ice intermittently (ice islands, ice sheets, frozen areas)?
This is not something I know about that well. But it seems to me there have been many periods where humans (our humans) paddled and made their way across waters. And where ice might make a difference. Or maybe Neanderthals, so well adapted for cold, just loved to paddle long distance through the ice. The Bering Strait varies in depth from 100 to 165 feet (today). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bering_Strait
So where might such adventurers have wanted to live in their new continent? Probably caves? Probably Alaska? I don't know. I am not ever sure how to go about it. So I am asking this large and thoughtful group, if anyone has some ideas?
I just ordered all the Jean Auel books again. I have not read them in a long time. Her Neanderthals were a bit hidebound and brutish. (Pardon me, Jean). But Bruniquel Cave is about 176,500 years ago. And they had fire, organization, tents, strength and purpose. If they were smart enough to build a shelter inside a cave, it seems they knew how to stay warm and comfortable.
Early Neanderthal constructions deep in Bruniquel Cave in southwestern France
I don't know. I think it could be important. I think it could be fun.
Richard Collins, The Internet Foundation
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I searched "Neanderthals in North America" and came up with this page, but it requires registration or pay.
Five Breakthrough Signs of Early Peoples in the Americas at https://www.sapiens.org/column/field-trips/earliest-people-north-america/
This is so confusing. But 130,000 years ago in California sounds about right. That is 46,500 years after Bruniquel. I once walked 2700 miles when I got my first Fitbit. Over a long time, but steady, 10-20 miles a day. If people could go, so would other species (reindeer, elk, moose, bear, sloths, mammoths, birds, etc etc etc. Plants?).
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Ice Age Footprints | Full Episode | NOVA | PBS (23,000 Humans) at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LS7ChlsZsGI
Evidence of humans in North America during the Last Glacial Maximum at
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Ancient human genome sequence of an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo at https://www.nature.com/articles/nature08835 5500 years ago to "New World"
Neanderthal Life No Tougher than That of "Modern" Inuits at https://www.newswise.com/articles/neanderthal-life-no-tougher-than-that-of-modern-inuits
Inuit people have the same 'caveman genes' that helped an extinct type of human survive the last Ice Age at https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4052228
("Inuit" OR "eskimo") ("neanderthal") has 2.07 Million entry points (3 Jun 2022 Google)
Denisovan DNA at https://www.archaeology.org/issues/60-1301/trenches/311-hominin-neanderthals-humans-siberia "Native Americans and people from East Asia have more Neanderthal DNA, on average, than Europeans"
There is a lot going on. But it is scattered over many sites, publishers, groups, individuals, styles and methods.
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David McNaughton,
Nicely reasoned. Thank you.
I came down with covid or a bad flu, so I did not update this discussion. I cannot find where ResearchGate keeps "my discussions" so I created a project and filled in there. You might want to follow that project, or take a lead yourself. It might be a week or two before I recover.
I do think it more likely that Denisovians are the particular tribes involved. But I haven't found anyone using "ancient human species" consistently. I was thinking of ALL people and tribes in the world for the last 200,000 years. With nomadic tribes or tribes following herds, they can cover vast distances.
My picture is that from 176,500 years ago in France to 40,000 years ago when we lose track of Neanderthals, that is 5460 generations of 25 years each. And 6825 generations of 20 years each. Plenty of time for cultures, large communities, and LOTS of time for walking or rowing.
It only takes three or four generations of interbreeding to change a people so they almost indistinguishable. Life does NOT always have to devolve to violence and genocide.
I cannot keep writing. I forgot how painful the flu can get. Not awful, just a distraction. No sudden moves.
Here is the link to that project. I hate the sloppy layout of ResearchGate.
Richard
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A colleague is interested in the problem of mega-fires. If there are scientific papers for the United States, Australia or France, there is little research for South America. In France, a mega fire can be identified from 1,000 ha, in the United States or Australia from 10,000 ha.
Are there any studies in South America (e.g. Chile)?
Are there objective criteria for defining a mega fire?
Many thanks!
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Nicolas Maestripieri The answer to your question is here:
"definition of megafire as fires > 10,000 ha arising from single or multiple related ignition events. We introduce two additional terms – gigafire (> 100,000 ha) and terafire (> 1,000,000 ha) – for fires of an even larger scale than megafires."
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Demographic decline is a chronic and endemic problem in the Alps, from south-eastern France to upper Slovenia.
Low birth-rate and outbound migration are the major causes.
But there may be some cases of rural areas or towns where the demographic decline has been averted thanks to long-term policy measures.
Where are those cases?
Thanks for answering.
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Many thanks. Best wishes.
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I actually prepare a MS thesis on the application of speculative design approaches adapted to organisations, and especially corporate and industrial contexts. I'm looking for testimonials, research articles or fruitfull tracks to explore. Feel free to share if you think you have something interesting on this subject!
(I study at ENSCI Les ateliers - Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Creation Industrielle, Paris, France MS IBD)
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By and large, speculative design concerns itself with the development of alternative presents, this to project future scenarios for products. For organizations, a related approach has been that of idealized design.
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At the current prices of technology and construction, nuclear power plant projects are becoming much more expensive, and even the nuclear power powers of England and France are failing to complete new projects. Can we do without a policy of reducing carbon intensity and causing a lack of nuclear-free energy?
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Nuclear plans have to find fissionable material, Prof. Ladislav Rozenský
Look at the actual situation in Kazakhstan & its uranium mines, a good summary for a preprint is in:
Ciao.
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Hello Everyone,
I am doing master's 2 in Wireless Embedded Technologies from Polytech Nantes, France. Now I am looking an internship in my interest field. I need suggestion and advice regarding this. How I can find an internship at a research lab. Please feel free to give your advice and your recommandations.
Thank You in advance.
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You can directly ask in research and development centers in the different companies in France particular and Europe in general. All electronic equipment research and development centers practice heavily imbedded systems.
Best wishes
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The attached paper is from -Tourism and Welfare Ethics, Responsibility and Sustained Well-being By Derek R. Hall, Frances Brown · 2006, p-54
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It is family decision-making when a couple makes joint holiday decision and holiday planning. You can see by the context "compared with earlier 'male-dominant'.
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If so I would like to get in touch with you for identification of specimens collected in France.
Thanks in advance.
Augustte
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Do you really need someone with marine background or someone knowledgeable about oomycota? If not really marine background, I can be of help. sosabutey@st.ug.edu.gh
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Any recommendations about georadar and Remote Sensing works about peatlands in Grenoble, France?
Thanks!
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You can kindly go through this ----
Modelling northern peatland area and carbon dynamics since ...
https://gmd.copernicus.org › gmd-12-2961-2019
PDF by C Qiu · 2019
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On a scale of 10 - In different countries -Effectiveness of online Primary education (Scores)
1 UK - 4.9
2 Canada - 5.6
3 USA -5.6
4 Australia - 6.6
5 France 4.6
6 Germany - 6.1
7 Japan - 3.1
8 China - 5.4
Source- Economist - taken from DB (26-6-2021)
Is there any research available or ongoing for COVID-19 impact and effectiveness of online teaching in higher education (Graduate, Master degree course, Professional Courses (Medical & Engineering)
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Hello, I search how to calculate habitat/vegetation closure using orthophoto from 1950 to 2020 in France? I've read a lot and find different options like: difference of forest cover, difference of NDVI or digitalisation. The use of NDVI on Landsat + CLC comes back often. What do you recommend to be precise as possible? I would be grateful for any suggestions.
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These links may help;
Kobayashi, N., Tani, H., Wang, X., & Sonobe, R. (2019). Crop classification using spectral indices derived from Sentinel-2A imagery. Journal of Information and Telecommunication, 1–24. doi:10.1080/24751839.2019.1694765
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This picture was taken during my recent research, on lignite deposits during the Pliocene, in France. ("Silica flowers"?)
Have you seen this structure before? personal SEM photos. Thanks a lot for your help.
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Thank you for your participation !
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Hello there!
I am looking for a researcher or an academician to help me collect data in France for an international comparison study.
My research is about basic psychological needs and resilience. I will collect data from university students. I would be glad if interested people contact me.
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Fatema Miah Thank you for your interest. However, it is very important for me to collaborate with someone working at the university. An important detail for solving ethical processes. Thank you again for your interest. All the best
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What are the requirements in France to perform a bioequivalence study with Buprenorphine in France? What is the acceptance interval to be used for AUC und CMax?
Thank you!
Br, Ingrid
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Hi
Please remember that all BE studies for this product will cover "only" PK, not any effects (PD). For example in the case of products:
acceptance range was 0.80-1.25 (80%-125%) .... so if you want to be sure need to check available documentation for specific product ....
Tomasz
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Hello everybody,
I'm a student in Psychology in France, I'm working on ADHD and family, I need to know how to score the questionnaire : FACES III. (cohesion and adaptability of the family)
Is someone have the evaluation grid or at least can explain to me how to score it? I think it's not difficult but I don't want to make mistakes.
Thank you very much.
Best regards,
Emeline Imari
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Hi,
Please read and download the following link which gives all the details:
FACES III - Diakon-SWAN.org
https://diakon-swan.org › media › documents › FA..
There are 20 items and all are on a 1-5 Likert scale.
Odd number items from 1-20 describe cohesion ...add them all9 total of 10 items
Even-numbered items are for adaptability... add all of them. Total 10 items
Now go to the linear scoring and place the obtained scores obtained for cohesion in the grid, likewise for adaptability..The grids are divided into 8., i.e the first column of cohesion and adaptability.
You can now add the scores of cohesion (1 to 8) to adaptability (1 to 8).
Divide this composite score by 2 and get the family type.
Now put the family type score on to the cone to know about the range from extreme to balanced type.
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Looking for information on Clinical Neuropsychology Postdoctoral positions that focuses on Pre/ Intraoperative/ Post-Operative Brain Mapping and Cortical Stimulation in the United States / France/ Europe/ Australia.
Also looking for information on Centers/ Hospitals and names of Clinical Neuropsychologist who routinely perform these protocols (Brain Mapping and Cortical Stimulation) for Awake Brain Surgeries in US, France/ Europe and Australia.
Any information on any of the above would be greatly appreciated.
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You may wish to contact David Loring PhD, ABPP, FAAN at Emory University Brain Health Center. He would likely be aware of such fellowships. http://neurology.emory.edu/faculty/neuropsychology/loring_david.html
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Which test would be used to calculate the association between 2 variables, one of which is an index comprised of official statistic data? Non-random small sample (13 regions of France).
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Matilda -
For continuous data, I suggest plotting variables against each other on a scatterplot. To predict one from another, you could use regression. A "graphical residual analysis" would help to see if the relationship might be simple linear, quadratic linear regression, an exponential relationship, or whatever. Such an analysis is with regard to model fit, and can be used to consider heteroscedasticity in regression. ("Cross-validation" can be used to avoid overfitting to a particular sample.)
The following project is with regard to official energy statistics from highly skewed establishment surveys, where simple modeling was used. Ratio estimation is often useful for such cases. Perhaps you will find something useful here: https://www.researchgate.net/project/Cutoff-and-quasi-cutoff-sampling-with-prediction-for-Official-Statistics, and updates.
For more on weighted least squares regression, see https://www.researchgate.net/project/OLS-Regression-Should-Not-Be-a-Default-for-WLS-Regression, and updates.
Cheers - Jim
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Hi,
I am interested in semantic dementia and I am looking for database/repository of narrative speech transcripts of patients suffering from semantic dementia, or conversations with patients with semantic dementia.
I have found very short ones such as here
but I am looking for larger databases, whatever the language is
Thanks a lot,
Josselin Houenou (Mondor Univ. Hospital, Psychiatry Dept, Créteil, France)
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hi Josselin
NCBI database
If you want help, I am at your service
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I'm a firtst year student in the Bachelor of Social Sciences at the VUB. I'm doing a liturature study about a subtopic of the Brexit. My subtopic is: The UK-EU relations in history. To go even more specific, I'm researching the relation between 2 specific countries in a specific time period, namely the 20th century and the Franco-British relation. The relation between the United Kingdom and France must have an underlying explanation that the Brexit happened. At the start of the EU, the UK wasn't included and was only a fan of the NAVO. When they wanted to join in the sixties, Charles de Gaulle used his Veto right 2 times against the British membership.
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Dear Rune Pieters,
There is a large literature on this issue. I find Thomas Risse's book "A Community of Europeans" particularly helpful; it focuses on the construction of identities in Europe and also includes a chapter on the matter you are interested in.
All the best,
Florian
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If you are, and are working in the sciences or social sciences and located in Spain, Poland, France, UK or the US, our research project (see http://ciber-research.com/harbingers-2/) would like to hear you yours views on how you are doing in regard to the pandemic. If you would like to hear more please contact me, Professor David Nicholas
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I am based near London and I'm into eighteenth century history. Much of my research relies on archives. This is a huge issue because the archives have been closed for 9 months now and show little signs of opening yet. I rely on as many online sources as I can get hold of but I cannot finish anything until the archives open.
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Dear,
I am Sandrine Le Guellec, from Tours (france). I am study engineer and I work in the field of aerosoltherapy, new inhaled therapies, lung and nasal delivery, within Aerodrug department (DTF medical in collaboration with the CEPR U-1100 center of respiratory diseases (French Institut for medical research).
Do you think that a local administration of Dupilumab may be relevant to improve benefit risk balance ? This question is about nasal administration.
Thank you very much for your attention,
Sandrine
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Dupilumab is an interleukin-4 receptor (IL-4Rα) antagonist through blockade of IL-4Rα.It modulates signaling of both the interleukin 4 and interleukin 13 pathways hence decreases the levels of Th2 bio-markers.
Since allergic disorders, almost alway are not local disorders but are considered as potentially occuring in any arogan, and if symptoms are present dominantly in one organ the other ones are in a ready to fire state, thus systemic effect of this expensive medication is more ideal and logic but not topical use of it.
At the other hand it is not evident yhe extent and durability of dupilumab when used topically.
best regards.
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Hello Community. I (desperately) need your help! I want to write my Master's thesis in the field of restitution (or repatriation) of colonial art. I'll focus on Germany, the UK, and France, and their African colonies. I already did some research but since I don't have a specific RQ, it's hard to find the right literature... Thus, if you have any ideas, book suggestions, etc. - I'd be forever grateful!
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I am not a scholar of art per se, however in my doctoral studies, I developed a theory of art that transcends any particular craft. I mention this because during the process of developing the theory, I concluded that power is a significant factor in the process of socialisation from what I conceptualised as the the 'work' of the the process of art, to the status of an 'Art' work. The power dynamics of a social group, (society, institution, artworld, etc) dictate what are, at any time, considered 'Art works' of value to that group. From this perspective, it would be an interesting study to consider how shifts in 'colonial' power-structures create the conditions for colonial art restitution.
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The economic success of north Italian city states was accompanied by great art, which continued or functioned alongside a wealthy Catholic Church. The equal success experienced in the United Provinces (Netherlands) in the 17th century based on independence from the great powers of Spain and France and an early eastern empire, produced some of the greatest art and artists that have ever lived. Is economic success necessary for great art?
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Clueless, Stanley.
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We recently undertook a thorough mapping of the various measures that support energy-intensive industries (steel, cement, chemistry, ...) in Flanders. As part of our work on the industrial climate transition.
We are now looking for similar analyses of other countries, notably France, Germany, the Netherlands and other European member states. So far, the results has been relatively meagre, but we suspect that many such studies have not been published through academi channels, nor in English. So we've probably missed a lot.
Has anyone come across such reports/data sets/... ? We are interested in measures related to: their energy and fuel use, tax breaks, ETS-related compensation schemes, (green) investment subsidies, other environmentally relevant supports/subsidies, ... .
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Many thanks Molocchi Andrea !
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According to the Academy of Sciences of France (2011) "Peer review has long been the only way to evaluate researchers. It retains an irreplaceable value for appreciating the scientific contribution of a researcher in terms of originality. of thought, quality of work, conceptual and technological innovation, school creation and outreach in general.
However, this evaluation poses practical problems linked to the cumbersome nature of an in-depth examination of the files, amplified by the excessive number of evaluations requested from all sides. In addition, in many cases, peer review can be blamed for
a certain subjectivity, aggravated by the sometimes insufficient competence of certain evaluators as well as by potential conflicts or communities of interest, group effects or favoritism of any kind. All of these ethical questions should be the subject of
written statement by the evaluators, as proposed by the Academy in its report to the Minister of July 8, 2009.
The fact remains that bibliometrics can in no way replace qualitative evaluation by peers, that is to say by experts in the discipline who could however use it with all the necessary precautions. as a decision support tool.
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10 years ago, Don Siegel (Syracuse University) and I wrote a short paper in Science about the fact that scholarly publishing was getting out of hand (see paper appended). As an editor, I was faced daily with huge difficulties in finding appropriate reviewers for the deluge of manuscripts submitted to my journal. In 10 years, the situation has gone drastically worse. Peer review is vital, but it is becoming an increasingly precarious enterprise when most of us are solicited constantly by a multitude of journals to review an exponentially growing number of papers. We need to put an end to the "rat race" that has researchers evaluated on the basis of the number of articles they publish and the number of citations their articles receive. None of this makes any sense. Only when we stop it, will peer review again function as it was supposed to.
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I am in search of those who are familiar with the French & European societies at the end of 1700s to join me in writing a book as my co-authors.
The book is on Marie Antoinette. Looking at her from different angles (psychoanalysis, her effects today on different parts of the world, queen of fashion and endless many more).
My 1st chapter which is researched historic non-fiction biography is almost finished. I want others to add chapters to the book> Chapters will be published under your names.
Academic knowledge of English is a must, French is helpful. Knowing the history of France in 1700s is a must.
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Hi Stewart. No problem. Project that you did is fine if it wasn't published anywhere. You perhaps need to polish it & maybe add new references.
Also with your background in art, music & architectural design you can write on Petite Trianon, The Hameau de la Reine or The Petit Théâtre de la Reine.
Ellie
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Depuis quelques temps les contestations et les protestations s'intensifient sur l'utilisation du franc CFA qui pour certains appauvrit les pays utilisant cette monnaie.
Seulement n'y a-t-il pas de réformes préalables à entrevoir? on sait bien que les structures productives et industrielles de ces pays sont quasiment embryonnaires. Ainsi n'y a-t-il pas lieu de reformer ces structures avant de penser à une "monnaie nouvelle"?
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Zedou Abdala très bonne analyse merci.
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Different experiences occurring historically lead to some differences when considering different countries. What could be the reasons for these differences?
For example, the three countries which experience a revolution in the past (France, Turkey, Japan) in comparison, have different levels of political polarization, despite similar historical experience. What could be the reasons for this?
When a polarization scale is made; Turkey, France, Japan ranking Is it possible?
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I think that in social sciences one can only compare domains sharing the same time and space scales. Thus, revolutions that don't share the same periods or political territories that don't share the same space structures can't be compared. The alternative is what is called connective research.
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For the world is unaware of the fact that Zwicky was right in discovering the expansion-free explanation of Hubble’s cosmological redshift law that very same year. Zwicky got confirmed later by the discovery of Cryodynamics, the sister discipline to deterministic Thermodynamics.
One major consequence is
  • No Big Bang in defiance of 91 years of cosmology.
The other is
  • No CERN safety so the most sophisticated experiment of history, the LHC at CERN, needs to be reassessed.
This means that
  • Zwicky retrieved can save all life
This state of collective emergency applies for almost a decade by now.
Vive la France aujourd’hui!
July 14, 2020
P.S.: I acknowledge Andrea Santangelo`s crucial encouragement.
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Otto, why do you persist to ignore that cosmic rays with energies similar and up to million times higher than LHC proton energies have bombarded the Earth, planets and stars during several billions years without creating the destructive black-holes that you imagine?
The cosmic ray argument is well known and has been used at length all over the history of nuclear and particle research for dismissing catastrophic outcomes of novel experimental setups, starting with Enrico Fermi with his first fission reactor, and later the more and more energetic nuclear bombs. The same argument is still valid for LHC protons, they are not new in nature.
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In the International Marketing course at Clarion University of Pennsylvania, I want my students to get an opportunity to talk to students in other parts of the world to understand their culture and work on developing a marketing plan. Please let me know, if anybody is interested in joining hands or passing some leads. I can then share more details and a plan to collaborate.
Thank you
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It is very interesting, however the language barrier can prevent the experience from being more comprehensive.
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**Deleted**
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The paper below deals with similar issue. You may want to check it out.
A comparison of budgeting and accounting reforms in the national governments of France, Germany, the UK and the US‏
R Jones, E Lande, K Lüder… - Financial Accountability & …, 2013‏ - Wiley Online Library‏This paper compares technical aspects of accrual‐based budgeting and accounting
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Hello, dear researchers.
I am searching for the databases in which I can find the genome sequence of different types of COVID-19 related viruses from different regions.
For example, the Wuhan report is available on different databases like NCBI, UCSC,...
I am searching for the genetic sequence reports of the mentioned virus from different regions like Spain, France, USA,...
This will be my appreciation if any expert one suggests that to me.
Thanks already
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An alternative workflow for molecular detection of SARS-CoV-2 - escape from the NA extraction kit-shortage, Copenhagen, Denmark, March 2020.
Euro Surveill. 2020 Apr 09;25(14).
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Dear Colleagues,
We have received information within the scope of the bilateral cooperation project that signed between Turkey and France Ministries (details about the project support can be found in the attached file). The main topic of the project will be on the indigenous chicken breeds, their genotyping and valorization. We would like to invite you to join our project.
I will share our project proposal with interested colleagues.
***the deadline for the project submission is 27th June 2019.
Waiting for your responses.
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We are interested in this project.
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In Libya there is a relentless struggle to seize power between Hafter and Sarraj. Which is more important for the interests of the European Union? Is there any difference between the points of view of France and Italy, the members of the European Union?
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Since the fall of the Gaddafi regime until the beginning of the internal conflict between the Libyan militias, the European position remains unclear and accurate. I think that the internal problems that the European Union suffers from have had a great impact on that, in addition to the competition between the traditional forces that defend their interests, especially France and Italy, and here Germany is trying to seize the opportunity by presenting itself as a mediator
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Lazare Carnot, the father of Sadi Carnot who laid the foundations of thermodynamics with his 1824 monograph on the motive power of heat, authored the 1786 Essai sur les machines en général. Since Sadi Carnot is said to have used some of his father's ideas in his 1824 monograph, for historical reasons (at least) it would be interesting to read the 1824 monograph in view of the 1786 essai. Hence the question: is there an English translation? If so, where?
The 1786 work can be found online at the BnF: Bibliothèque nationale de France.
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Scientific papers are useful for their ideas, not the text. In addition, these ideas evolve with time, so it's not useful, for understanding the technical content, to read the earliest papers on the subject. The only reason to read Carnot these days is for the history, not the technical content. Any textbook on thermodynamics will do.
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Bonjour , je cherche les enseignants ou les responsables de l' (ENSAS) École Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture de Strasbourg  , je suis doctorante en architecture , de l'université algérienne , j'ai bénéficié , il y a deux ans , d'un stage scientifique de courte durée (10 jours) , et depuis 2017 je n'arrive toujours pas à le consommer car je n'ai pas pu avoir une lettre d'accueil , j'ai contacté presque toutes les écoles d'architecture en France , et ils m'ont pas répondu , cette fois ci , j'ai décidé de contacter l'école de Strasbourg , et je souhaite que j'aurai une réponse favorable ,,,,, je serai reconnaissante si je reçois un msg de votre part ......
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help please!
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I am in 4th grade at the Higher National Institute of Applied Sciences in Strasbourg(France)and one of my projects is to find a technical solution that will reduce the silting up of dams.
Thank you!
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Guidelines recommend two epinephrine (adrenaline) auto-injectors for the management of anaphylaxis. Can anyone provide me clinical trial papers that showed the benefit of two epinephrine (adrenaline) auto-injectors for anaphylaxis. It will be great if the studies were done in (or the author affiliations based in) the UK or France.
Thanks in advance.
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I can help you.
Please , contact me
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Hello
I have this hydrogen sulfate salt of a molecule, that i obtained a single crystal of it
The single crystal was sent to be analysed by single crystal XRD in France, i received the results and the crystal did diffract, but i noticed that there is some extra atoms: two oxygens and one hydrogen (13OB,O14B, H14B)
I have an idea of my own (a thought am not sure if its even scientific): the extra molecules are actually O13A, O14A, H14, but they vbirate/vibrated causing them to shift position to 13OB,O14B, H14B
Any ideas about an explanation or the cause ? can i still publish this structure even with the extra atoms ?
Ps: I know that he engineer who passed them is competent because we worked with him before on many single crystals and everything was smooth.
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Thank you for your answer, i appreciate the help
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American foulbrood is a brood disease that in France affects many bee colonies during the bee year.
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Thank you Mosieur
But how to use them and what they present side effects
Bests Regards
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A lot was said of the promise of France's president when he came to office in 2017, but what medium to long term impact will he have on French policymaking and the makeup of the French economy and society?
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modernisation of the economy and institutions means to break the power of French unions who make a blockade of the economic reforms in favor more economic efficiency and export power. Note that unions and social movements are so strong that he will hardly succeed.
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What is the size of soil particles (in France) that fly with the wind or the passage of motocross, forming dust? How can we assess the quantity of these particles (is a PM10 sensor sufficient)? Thank you
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Hi,
The PM10 sensor seems ok for the job. TI has provided in depth characterization for the sensor. For an added accuracy and precision one can always go with their own calibration of the sensor based on some controlled particulate matter suspension in air!!!
Regards
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je travaille sur la question de la qualité spatiale et de l'apport des habitants sur leurs propres espaces ,,,, et je compte présenter ma candidature pour une bourse à l'étranger(dans mon cas c'est hors l'algérie) donc je cherche un co_encadreur qui pourra m'accueillir et je serai très reconnaissante si je trouve un co_encadreur en France ou un autre pays franco-anglo-phone ,, la bourse est payée par le gouvernement Algérien donc le laboratoire accueillant ne sera pas obligé pour fournir aucune aide financière ..... je pourrai par la suite si je reçois des propositions par vous , je pourrai résenter plus de détails conçernant ma recherche ,, dans l'attente d'une réponse acceptez mes salutation les plus distinguées
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any answers ?
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On behalf of the “Zone Atelier Environnementale Urbaine (ZAEU)” and the Organising Committee of EICTUS-2019, we are highly delighted to invite you to submit your abstract and participate in the European International Conference on Transforming Urban Systems (EICTUS-2019), which will be held from 26-28 June 2019 at Strasbourg - France.
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Good
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A company in France is selling recordings (protéodies) of a very special music that is suppose to protect plants against certain kinds of diseases. There are also claims that positive results have been obtained for the protection of vines and cucumbers.
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I have not contacted yet people of this company. You are right, if it really works why not publish their results (with appropriate controls) to make it public and not just an article written by journalists?? This science is called (in french) génodique. Have a look at Sternheimer J. musique des particules éémentaires Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences Paris II, 297: 829, 1983. and Henty M. Ondes d'échelles (on line) 2016. and also RG
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'Meditationes philosophicae de nonnullis ad poema pertinentibus' of 1735 works out esthetics as a particular discipline of sensual knowledge. The term itself appeared the first time in the unfinished work 'Aestetica' in 1750.
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Well the word "Esthétique" apparently made its first appearance in France in 1753, but if Élisabeth Décultot is correct the concept hardly had any impact. See her abstract here:
Cf: Jacqueline Lichtenstein:
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Contact in France:
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Shear wave for fracture detection
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The Neuro foundation in the UK has recently been asked by NICE if it would like to nominate specialists in neurofibromatosis for a guideline on paediatric pituitary adenoma. The is presumably because a publication search has resulted in a potential association. A review from 2016 substantiates this but evidence is based mainly on a small number of case reports starting on 1964 from France. Taken a current population of Europe and North America of around 1.1 billion there will currently be close to 300,000 with NF1. With a lifetime risk of 0.27% in the general population 780 of these might be expected to develop a PA by chance. A few case reports is therefore hardly Causal evidence. In the highly specialised English NF1 service that covers a population of about 14, 000 nf1 patients we have seem no evidence for an increase. Unless anyone out there has good epidemiological evidence for an association it is important to prevent a guideline stating that children should be considered for nf1 if they have a Pa. Otherwise parents of the 20% with one or two cafe au lait patches will be frightened by being referred to am expert for consideration of having nf1. It is really important that associations of not uncommon conditions in case reports are not over interpreted as Causal and that association is based on proper Epidemiology. Even this may produce a spurious false positive as nf1 patients are more likely to have an asymptomatic tumour picked because of increased likelihood of getting a cranial MRI scan.
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There is no increased risk in such cases
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The open fire massacre in the NZ mosque, the fire in Notre Dame and now the churches in Sri Lanka. What can be the probable reasons for churches and mosques to become the most attacked places these days?
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In my opinion, the reasons are very varied, from the religious extremes, to the desire to eliminate all traits, which unites humanity with the most sublime that is God. So eliminating those who could get closer to Him is a way to eliminate God from their lives, wanting to plant the seed of this in the whole world.
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Dear friends from France,
I would like to know if any recognized comercial house of reagents sells a KIT of antigen and antiserum of Aspergillus fumigatus. This reagents will be used for Double Immunodiffusion and we need standardized and normalized compounds.
Thanks in advance.
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Thanks for the specification! We are working with the antigen derived from sporulation stage correlated with a APBA or aspergilloma. Thats why we need ASPERGILLINA and antiserums normalized from patients with these diseases. We apply the Ouchterlony technique.
Institute Pasteur used to sell those kits, not longer available over there.
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In order to complete a survey on the role and impact of iconographic supports in French Language of Integration textbooks for migrants arriving in France, I intend to ask questions directly to the learners concerned.
The aim being to see if the images choosen for these textbooks are used (by the teachers and the learners), if they are pertinent and effective and what cultural messages they are carrying.
I would also appreciate to compare the analysis I'm doing on iconographic supports in french textbooks with other foreign language textbooks especially made for migrants.
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Dear Agnieszka,
Yes indeed the task is not easy !
I have access to a class of "new" immigrants who can speak english therefore I'm thinking of asking questions in english.
I also have access to a class of immigrants of a +/- B1 level where questions can be asked in french.
It is more the quality of answers that I'm looking for rather than the quantity. How images are received in a "practical" way (semantics) on one hand and their "cultural" messages on the other hand.
For the time being I'm analysing iconographic supports of textbooks and would like to cross check what I find with real situations.
I'm aware that asking direct questions will be delicate so I'm also thinking of semi-directive interviews.
Thanks for your interest.
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Dear Collegues,
Are you interested in Medical and Veterinary Entomology as well as Global Health?
An Entomology Summer School, entitled “Hands on’ Course on Arthropods of Medical and Veterinary Significance: A global perspective, from theory to practice”, will be held from the 26th till the 30th of August 2019 at the National Vet School of Toulouse (ENVT), France.
Please find the complete programme leaflet attached to this message.
The course will encompass topics such as arthropod-borne diseases, resistance in arthropod populations, control tools, principles of laboratory rearing and morphological identification of arthropods of medical and veterinary importance (i.e. mosquitoes, flies, sand flies, fleas, ticks, mites, etc.).
The course targets entomologists, postgraduate students in this field, , post-doctoral scientists ACVM and EVPC residents, pest control professionals and the like.
Applications to attend will be accepted until the 31st of March.
See you in Toulouse?!
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thank you for interest.yes I do.
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The British periodical "Truth" published in its 1890 Christmas edition a cartoon entitled "The Kaiser's Dream" [1]. In the cartoon, the Kaiser imagines a transformed Europe. Most of the nations which in 1890 were led by crowned heads had been replaced by republics. Some republics lay within familiar borders (e.g. "British Republic"). Others were fragmented (e.g. the "German Republics"). But Russia had been transformed into a "desert" ("Russian Desert"). Was the 1917 Russian Revolution the first stage in the roll-out of a long-planned Western regime-change project? If so, was the project's aim to use communism as a means of impeding Russian industrialization?
More proximate is the circumstance that in April 1917 Germany facilitated the transit across Germany in a sealed railway carriage of Lenin and other Bolsheviks. From Germany's wartime perspective, they were enemy aliens. Upon Lenin's arrival in Petrograd, he called for Russia's immediate withdrawal from the war. Russian withdrawal would have the strategic effect of enabling Germany to concentrate its efforts on the Western Front. The related Treaty of Brest-Litovsk followed in March 1918. By its terms, Russia not only withdrew from the war but also ceded industrialized regions to Germany. Was Lenin a German agent?
It is arguable that the Britain and France fomented the First World War with the intention of using Germany as a sword with which to strike at Russia, their nominal ally in the Triple Entente. Did Germany, having been lured into war, then opportunistically exploit the Bolsheviks as a means of closing the onerous Eastern Front?
Thanks in advance for shedding light on these and related matters.
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The simple answer to most of your questions is no. The Bolshevik Revolution was not a long-planned regime change project by the West.
To start, the role of Germany in Lenin going to Russia was largely peripheral. Outside of allowing the sealed train to pass through Germany on its way to Russia, that was extent of their role and this largely seems to be the consensus of the field today. There is no evidence that Lenin or the Bolsheviks were directly sent by, or funded by, Germany. [1] When Lenin arrived, his calling for the end of war was something that was in line with his long-held beliefs. He even broke with the Second International, declaring it ideologically bankrupt, when at the outbreak of war, many socialist parties supported their nation’s war effort instead of promoting pacifism or turning it into a revolutionary wave. On top of that, it had a pragmatic purpose – much of Russia was sick of the war and this was a way of the Bolsheviks to reach the people. It certainly could be seen as benefiting the Germans in their war effort, but that was more an unintended result, not the motivation.[2]
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, signed in March 1918, was something the Bolsheviks signed reluctantly and largely under duress. When the negotiations began in late 1917, they wanted to bring all warring parties to the negotiating table and develop a peace that was free from indemnities, free from reparations and enforced self-determination. When the Entente Powers refused to attend, the Bolsheviks attempted to sign such a peace solely with the Central Powers. They delayed, however, with hopes of revolution coming to Austria and Germany, having leaflets passed out on the streets of Berlin and Vienna, although to little effect. The Central Powers eventually become sick of the delays and offered a peace on their terms. Leon Trotsky leaves the negotiations, declaring the Bolshevik war effort over, showing the naivety of the Bolsheviks to European diplomacy. The Germans continue their campaign into Russia and Lenin forces his party to accept a harsh peace to defend the revolution and allow the Bolsheviks to focus on the growing civil war. [3]
Finally, the Allied Intervention was something that developed once forces were on the ground. The research of Brock Millman argues that many British soldiers made decisions far from central command to get involved. [4] DeWitt Clinton Poole, whose reminiscences are now available in published form, an American diplomat in Russia at the time of the revolution, makes clear the Entente Powers genuinely wanted to reopen the Eastern Front and get involved in the Russian Civil War for a number of reasons, all a result of circumstance. [5]
Finally, to throw another wrench into such a theory as you describe is the very limited role that Britain plays in the coming of the First World War, largely deciding to get involved after a series of agonizing meetings, none of which ensured that the British would enter until the very end. France can be argued to have played a role in ensuring the Russians would respond antagonistically to any action by Austro-Hungary or Germany in the July Crisis, and supporting them the entire way. Christopher Clark emphasizes this in his work. At the same time, it would be difficult to suggest Germany was lured into the war as they were equally willing to consider military means and openly stated such to their allies. If there was any way to suggest Germany was “lured” into the war, it would be in their response to Russian mobilization. [6] So even that part of the theory does not seem to stand scrutiny.
I hope this answers some of the questions you had and I’m happy to respond to others too!
[1] See S.A. Smith, Russia in Revolution: An Empire in Crisis 1890-1928 (Oxford University Press, 2017), 110-111.
[2] See Lars T. Lih, Lenin (Reaktion Books, 2011).
[3] Some of my research details this. See The Communist International, Anti-Imperialism and Racial Equality in British Dominions (Routledge, 2018). Also see Michael Jabara Carley, A Silent Conflict: A Hidden History of Early Soviet-Western Relations (Rowman & Littlefield, 2014), 11-13.
[4] Brock Millman, “The Problem with Generals: Military Observers and the Origins of the Intervention in Russia and Persia, 1917-18,” Journal of Contemporary History 33(2): 291-320.
[5] DeWitt Clinton Poole, An American Diplomat in Bolshevik Russia, edited by Lorraine M. Lees and William S. Rodner (University of Wisconsin Press, 2014).
[6] Christopher Clark, The Sleepwalkers: How Europe went to War in 1914 (Harper Perennial, 2012).
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I propose a discussion limited to political philosophy.
Can the Academic Community help understand social turmoil in France and propose a rational answer? Or help understand one aspect of the French crisis of the “Gilets jaunes”? Is French president Emmanuel Macron, while presented as educated and intelligent, in fact a simple, even “second class » intellectual at the wrong place ?
He was an average student, never involved in any academic achievements, with no university career, no publications and no evidence of any particular intellectual, cultural or scientific achievements. In history, number of statesmen were similar to Mr. Macron in this respect. Except from one: Many advanced sound arguments, demonstrated common sense and even when not successful, majority of them demonstrated practical wisdom (phrenesis). Here bellow is one short list of the numerous problems of Mr. Macron:
1. Affaire Benalla
2. Stop complaining
3. "Cross the street" to find work
4. Stubborn Gauls
Speaking in Denmark on a diplomatic visit in August, Macron quipped that "the Lutheran people" had embraced "the transformations" of recent years, in contrast to "the Gaul refractory to change."
5. "Crazy dough"
"Look, we are putting crazy dough into minimum social benefits, and people are still poor. They don't get out of it. The people are born poor and remain poor,"
6. 'Slackers'
"I am of an absolute determination, and I will cede nothing, not to the slackers, not to the cynics, and not to the extremes," Macron proclaimed at the French School of Athens.
"They are certain ones who, instead of creating havoc, would do better by going to see if they cannot get jobs," he told a local official in November after being greeted by protesters at the opening of a college for construction workers.
7. People who are "nothing"
“A train station, it's a place where one encounters people who are succeeding and people who are nothing," Macron declared. "Because it's a place where one passes, because it's a place we share."
Then, I would add:
8. Declare “French culture does not exist”.
9. His “futuristic” economical measures systematically impoverish the most disadvantaged.
10. His English is just supportable with heavy accent. (French intellectuals often speak much better English).
11. His funeral speeches seem to be his better side.
12. His so called “program” contained the principles, and just a few concrete measures – and this is now contested.
13. Exclamations like “Come, get me”, or the allusions to homosexual connections with Benala… are bizarre.
14. The present Gilets jaunes crisis is mainly caused by Macrons personality.
Etc.
The French president — a Parisian-educated Énarque and ex-Rothschild banker — is often accused of being out of touch with voters and even his attempts to bridge the gap fall flat.
Yet, is president Macron a simple, not particularly educated, not sufficiently knowledgeable, but ambitious and confused, average man who arrived at a wrong place?
I would appreciate an academic, serious, rational discussion, if possible detached from the problems and language that may inflame political sentiments.
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Dear Patrick Gubry,
here at Research Gate we are trying to evaluate international events from a scientific point of view, from the point of view of elementary logic and common sense. Why? There is a famous phrase "If in our time you do not take up politics, then politics will deal with you". I want to remind brilliant words (from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Niem%C3%B6ller ) of German theologian and Lutheran pastor Friedrich Gustav Emil Martin Niemöller:
"First they came for the socialists, and I did not speak out—
Because I was not a socialist.
Then they came for the trade unionists, and I did not speak out—
Because I was not a trade unionist.
Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out—
Because I was not a Jew.
Then they came for me—and there was no one left to speak for me".
We should not wait submissively until events become irreversible.
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Do you know analogous studies to these ones? In different countries.
The first one is devoted to the evolution of production in the years to come, taking in particular into account the influence of Information and communication technologies :
The second one deals with the growing influence of platforms in the economy :
We are interested in other similar works.
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The Second Machine Age, by by Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee
This book has some interesting vision elements, but also some of its assumptions could be challenged. Anyway worth reading
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I wrote some time ago (I am retired now) a paper based on a long collaboration with the nuclear industry in France. It was due to be published in a Journal named Aesthesis which did not go beyond the 4th issue. The sujet is on the nuclear choreagraphy (you will understand if you read it) . It was censored by the French nuclear company so it is only two third translated in English.
I am no longer eager to be quoted about an unpublished article, but it may contains some usefull ideas. So it is is of interest to you let me know at vincent@degot.fr.
Best regards
Vincent Degot
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oublié, mauvais "click"
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I am preparing a geocultural trip to the Auvergne region in France. I have allready some litterature about geology and volcanism in this area, but I am still looking for some information about historical and current buildingh and ornamental stones. Please feel free to answer in French as well.
Thanks a lot.
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Très bien, de quoi lire ... ! Merci.
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Dear colleagues,
I would like to ask if someone knows the details regarding the laws related to fossil collecting in France. Is there any prohibition or authorization necessary to be aware before planning a paleontological fieldwork?
Thank you very much.
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I would not ask you a question so ambiguous that it gives bad interpretations, but with the contacts you have in Poitiers I would use them. Anyway, a French group that is doing paleontological excavations in France finds it at the University of Bordeaux. That is what you are interested in, get in touch with them and you can also get a co-direction or a collaboration for your research. It can be, you never know!
I believe that if you have clear ideas, if you get in direct contact with these groups, you have much to gain. Good luck and the best for your projects
Remei
A pleasure!
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Hello,
I find this project very interesting. I was wandering if you had an article about the project, or even an article dealing with some of the topics in your book from 2008. I am a Swedish researcher working in FRance, and I work on child bilingualism and child second language acquisition
Thank you very much in advance
Maria Kihlstedt
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The term Translanguaging is borrowed from Colin Baker’s (2001) English translation
(initially translinguifying) of Cen Williams’ (1994) term trawsieithu. William created the Welsh term to describe a bilingual phenomenon he observed in schools in Wales. A pedagogical practice in which Welsh students receive information through the medium of one language (e. g., English) and give information through the medium of a different language (e. g., Welsh). The practice occurs between the student and the teacher or vice versa. Williams argued that it assists to maximise the learner’s bilingual ability in learning. At the point, Williams made it very clear that Translanguaging is not an object but a practice and a process. It serves as a linguistic practice that involves different languages and language varieties. But more importantly, it is a process of knowledge construction the students make use of but goes beyond individual languages (1996). It concerns effective communications, semantic function rather than form, cognitive activity, as well as language production (Lewis et al. 2012a, Lewis et al. 2012b).
But equally important in Williams’ original conceptualization is the idea that Translanguaging is not simply a process that goes between languages (cf. code switching, crossing), but beyond languages, i. e., transcending. So it challenges the conventional understanding of language boundaries between the culturally and politically labelled languages (e. g., English, Chinese). With its emphasis on meaning
making and knowledge construction, it also challenges the boundaries between language and other cognitive systems as separately encapsulated systems or modules (cf. the Modularity of Mind hypothesis; e. g., Fodor 1983). It is these two aspects of the concept of Translanguaging that have been developed further in recent years and it is also these aspects that are particularly relevant to the present discussion of New Chinglish.
Baker, Colin. 2001. Foundations of bilingual bducation and bilingualism, 3rd edn. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Lewis, Gwyn, Bryn Jones & Colin Baker. 2012a. Translanguaging: Developing its conceptualization and contextualisation. Educational Research and Evaluation 18(7). 655–670.
Lewis, Gwyn, Bryn Jones & Colin Baker. 2012b. Translanguaging: Origins and development from
school to street and beyond. Educational Research and Evaluation 18(7). 641–654.
Williams, Cen. 1994. Arfarniad o Ddulliau Dysgu ac Addysgu yng Nghyd-destun Addysg
Uwchradd Ddwyieithog, [An evaluation of teaching and learning methods in the context of
bilingual secondary education]. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis (University of Wales,
Bangor).
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Dear Colleagues,
I need some help in the identification of these fungal ascospores evidenced in a sediment originating from the "Caune Arago" cave (eastern Pyrenees, France) and dated to 400 000 years ago approximately. There are 2 types: Tauta 12 and Tauta 14. Please see attached files.
I really thank you for your help.
Best regards,
Yannick
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Thanks Saba. Are you speaking about the Type Tauta-12 (the 2 first pictures)?
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Dear Amy
I am thinking to start a project on rap and national belonging and maybe focusing on Germany (besides Italy and France). I came across your thesis. Would it possible to read it in full?
Thank you
marco
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Have you read the works of Catherine Baker? This, for instance: https://www.routledge.com/products/isbn/9781409403371
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Hello, I found high abundances of these ribbon worms ( nemerta ) in my samples from a marina in Brittany (France) and I would like to put a species name on these considering their abundance.
I figured they might be a Tetrastemmidae due to the four eyes in rectangular pattern. Tetrastemma Cephalophorum has a very similar head to my candidates, however the color pattern is quite different since usually only have two longitudinal streaks.
Oerstedia dorsalis (Prosorhochmidae) might also be a possibility.
The individuals are 1 cm-1.3 cm max. length and 1 mm-2 mm wide (cylindrical). Since they were found in a marina they don't necessarily are indigenous to Europe.
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Hi Robin, I think this species, for the distribution you found it, can be Vieitezia luzmurubeae.
V. luzmurubeae has been collected freely on the bottom, but it is easy to find it inside the ascidians Ciona intestinalis and Phallusia mamillata. Although this species is hermaphroditic, it is morphologically similar to Tetrastemma vittigerum (Junoy et al., 2010).
You can find more info here:
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Wonderfull! Bravo!
Get going Adrian !
Keep in touch
Cheers
Dominique Kaiserlian
INSERM-U1060, Lyon, France
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My field of study is Psycho-analysis and Anthropology and I am carrying a bibliographical search. Suggestions are welcome! Thanks!
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Michael Uebel Thank you very much! Great contribution really!
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A new labor law should be introduced, reducing daily working hours from 8 to 6 hours with the same wages. Discuss this phrase in the light of what is happening in France.
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In France, the legal length of the working week is 35 hours in all types of companies. It is a question of inculcating habits in the minds of employees- the internal motive is more important rather than length of time our employees work though the trade unions have opposed to this decision.
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Cher collegue ceci peut vous intéresser
Rhinopharyngeans diseases on child. Role of some particular factors including sugar intake. Preliminary notes.
AUTEURS
BANDON DANIEL*, PREVOST JACQUES**, NANCY JAVOTTE***, SUSINI GUY*, BONFIL JEAN JACQUES*.
*Faculté d’Odontologie de Marseille, (CHU Marseille Nord), France
Confraternellement
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Oui Prof.
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Dear Collegues
I hope you are fine and doing well. I would like to ask you if there is a template text file for openfluor.org ?
I am using a home made software based on DOMFLUOR and NWAY developped in the university of TOULON , France which enable PARAFAC modelling of the excitation emission matrices. However , I tried several times uploading a text file of the PARAFAC components loading (for both excitation and emission wavelengths) in openfluor.org website but the website didn't accept that text file giving me this error message
Error File validation error.
ECode: 01010404 Suberror ECode: 01010503 Message: Incorrect File Header.
I tried to use the drEEM toolbox by following the tutorial but I couldn't understand it well . Therefore , I read the file named openfluor.m in order to format my PARAFAC components loading accordingly , nevertheless , I couldn't follow it. As a result, I am asking you to kindly provide me with an example file so that openfluor.org accept it and I can compare my parafac loading with the previously identified PARAFAC components.
thank you for your kind cooperation and looking forward to hearing from you.
with my best regards,
Ibrahim EL-Nahhal
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Hi Julien
Thank you so much for your fast reply and the template file . I appreciate it highly.
it worked perfectly.
with my best regards
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I am looking for historical data on Swiss GDP in nominal Swiss Franc, from about 1850 to 1913. I.e. not GDP in 1990 Geary-Khamis dollars. I found your papers online but couldn't find any database connected to them. All help would be greatly appreciated.
Best
/Henric Häggqvist, Uppsala University
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Check Picketty
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Year 580 Numidian historian Procope, in Byzancio, observed so dense clouds coming from the East and wondered if it's an unpredicted eclipse. It's the implosion of Rabaul volcano, in Papuasia, that left a 40km-caldera (Nasa photo). I think this enormous mass of micro particules provoqued a terrible climate change, that dried up Felix Arabia and the Sahara savan. And it lasted for centuries. A proof of it is the culture of the pastel plant (isiatis tinctorial). It comes from the middle mountains steppes of Central Asia. Chinese used it to fight heat shock, as a medicinal plant. Arabs managed to distillate it and found that blue colorant that resist sun. That's how Omeyades bring the plant in the Sahara desert and show Tuaregs how to do clothes that cure them from the sun. But soon, Sahara was drying up so they had to grow pastel north, by Mediterraneo Sea and soon, they had to cross the sea, to grow it in Grenade but the plant wasn't doing well, so they went up to Occitania to grew pastel. It worked for some centuries until again the plants were dying. The war against Cathars was launched because French suspected they had colorant treasures and reserves but didn't want to sell them. Because blue was a big business, in brown, earthian middle ages. And even for black, you needed to taint it blue before to resist the sun. After three centuries of killing and stealing, French decided to plant it in Northern France (Baie de Somme), and it worked well. But, at least, by 15th c.AC, climate went softer and they could again grow pastel in Occitania. 200 years later, Hollandeses would win over everybody, bringing back Javanese indigo and planting it in Africa.
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And those microparticles are electrically charged, so they interfere with light particles. Electric activity is enough to maintain them while provoking high-altitude strikes that ended up in forest fires. Those particles aggregate water in suspension, so clouds are too far from Earth to produce rains. And one more thing: the observation of how a culture have to be grown always more north indicates climate change. From Sahara to Flanders, there's almost 5000km.
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I am conducting a project in Chamonix, France which requires the processing of faecal samples to provide a snapshot and quantitative measure of gut flora.
I have a relationship with my hospital lab in the UK but from my reading, the best results seem to come from immediate processing.