Science topic

Fossil Fuels - Science topic

Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.
Filters
All publications are displayed by default. Use this filter to view only publications with full-texts.
Publications related to Fossil Fuels (10,000)
Sorted by most recent
Presentation
Full-text available
Improper disposal of waste plastic has led to a growing number of environmental problems. Thermal pyrolysis is a promising method for valorizing waste plastic and obtaining value-added fuels. Waste plastic pyrolysis fuels are substitutes for fossil fuels. Operating conditions, e.g., temperature, residence time, heating rate, etc., have complex effe...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, as a result of remarkable increase in energy industry, discrimination between lower and higher loads as well as economic crisis which pestered a majority of countries; hence the usage of power plants became a significant issue. In addition, growing consumption of power and inexistence of valid source in satisfying the requirements...
Article
Full-text available
Renewable energies are alternatives to replace fossil fuels and are crucial for the sustainability of the agricultural sector, besides being an important alternative for pumping water in irrigation. Thus, understanding revenues and expenses is fundamental in economic feasibility. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the behavior of econom...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Dear Colleagues, Considering the problem of drinking water scarcity in the world and the problems of ‎fossil energy such as its pollution and non-renewability, as well as the preference for dispersed ‎freshwater production instead of concentrated production, the design of a desalination system ‎that is integrated with renewable energies is critica...
Article
Full-text available
When projects are exclusionary, they are bound to fail because they are void of a collective sense of belonging and ownership. The government of Lesotho has been stridently pursuing renewable energy initiatives to augment the hamstrung monopoly provider and increasing user demand in energy provision. Based on content analysis, this study revealed t...
Article
Full-text available
Plastic and biomass waste pose a serious environmental risk; thus, herein, we mixed biomass waste with plastic bottle waste (PET) to produce char composite materials for producing a magnetic char composite for better separation when used in water treatment applications. This study also calculated the life cycle environmental impacts of the preparat...
Chapter
Full-text available
Most US activists place a high priority on elections. The default strategy for those seeking policy change is some combination of electoral campaigning and pressure campaigns targeting politicians. Yet policies show a high degree of continuity across recent presidential administrations. Despite substantial differences in rhetoric and legislative ag...
Article
Full-text available
Autumn tree leaves are residues that are generated annually and usually composted, but can also be used as a feedstock for biogas production. In this study, three scenarios were analysed to evaluate the utilization of tree leaves from the city of Berlin in Germany: a) composting (business-as-usual scenario); b) biogas production; and c) the pretrea...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to review the energy consumption, environmental impact, and implementation of renewable energy in textile industries to enhance circularity and sustainability in the textile industry. Textiles and clothing are the fundamental needs of human beings; this sector consumes an abundant amount of fossil fuels as the main energy supply and...
Article
Full-text available
Geological surveys have a wide range of tasks for their countries: to map the geology and to assess the georesources potential for metallic ores, industrial minerals, geothermal energy, fossil fuels, aggregates and groundwater. In Europe, most countries founded geological surveys around the mid-nineteenth century in order to create an overview of t...
Article
Full-text available
The environmental problems of global warming and fossil fuel depletion are increasingly severe, and the demand for energy conversion and storage is increasing. Ecological issues such as global warming and fossil fuel depletion are increasingly stringent, increasing energy conversion and storage needs. The rapid development of clean energy, such as...
Article
Full-text available
Vertical infiltration of water plays an important role in the recharged of contaminated water and enhanced moisture content in the unsaturated porous media. The mathematical model used for such type of phenomenon is Burger's equation. Unsaturated porous media are analyzed by solving Burger's equation using the variational iterative modeling and hom...
Article
Full-text available
A new technical route of organic matter capture and carbon fixation is proposed in response of the increasingly strict emission standards of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in petrochemical industry and the Chinese national strategic development goals of carbon peak and carbon neutralization. A closed loop from raw materials to adsorbents for gas...
Article
Full-text available
Eco-friendly energy conversion and storage play a vital role in electric vehicles to reduce global pollution. Significantly, for lowering the use of fossil fuels, regulating agencies have counseled to eliminate the governments’ subsidiaries. Battery in electric vehicles (EVs) diminishes fossil fuel use in the automobile industry. Lithium-ion batter...
Article
Full-text available
A great attention is subjected to the environmentally friendly natural gas. Compared to other fossil fuels, natural gas is a cleaner burning due to the lower emission of carbon dioxides into the air. Removal of associated hydrocarbons from natural gas streams plays an important role to sell and to achieve the pipeline specification of natural gas....
Article
Full-text available
Background The concentration of silica in occupational conditions is well defined and estimated around the world. Many countries in the world have developed air standards for occupational conditions based on the percent silica in ambient air. This is due to the pulmonary effect caused by silica yielding diseases like silicosis and pneumoconiosis. I...
Article
Full-text available
Drying is important in many processes for material preservation, operation optimisation, and easy handling. Various dryers have been developed to ensure controllable drying performance and enhance efficiency. Since traditional mechanical dryers depend heavily upon fossil fuels, ongoing studies have been conducted on solar dryers, focusing on offeri...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
When the Covid-19 pandemic forced the world to remain indoors and function remotely, the two cardinal points of home and work shaping the way we flow within our cities became subjacent. As the world opens once more and the traditional "work-home" axis becomes footloose with minimized needs to commute to work, the principal factors considered in cit...
Article
Full-text available
Today, exhaust emissions have become a critical issue with the increasing number of vehicles due to greenhouse gas. Engine manufacturers carry out R&D studies due to emission limitations imposed on engines that use fossil fuels. Selective Catalytic Reactor and AdBlue injection systems have been used significantly to reduce NO x emissions in diesel...
Article
Full-text available
The world is searching to find alternatives to fossil fuels. The main criteria for an ideal future fuel are cleanliness, inexhaustibility, and independence from foreign control. Hydrogen fuel has indicated all these characteristics and is promoted worldwide as an environmentally friendly replacement for fossil fuels in the industrial and transporta...
Article
Full-text available
The investment in renewable energies like solar power became a priority in order to protect the world from an environmental crisis caused by greenhouse gas emissions. Over the past few decades, human activities like burning fossil fuels for energy have increased greenhouse emissions to an unprecedented level which warn to increase the global averag...
Article
Full-text available
Global demand for liquefied natural gas (LNG) has doubled over the past decade. The long-term outlook for natural gas is strongest among the fossil fuels. Specifically, LNG is expected to play an increasing role in meeting global natural gas demand, as it provides a flexible link between geographically separated suppliers and customers. In the cont...
Article
Full-text available
Beyond energy crisis, biodiesel offers renewable and unlimited option to the challenges associated with fossil fuels depletion. Biodiesel could reduce the carbon foot print and gas emissions. Therefore, China has set an audacious goal of carbon neutrality by 2060. In order to reduce the cost of biodiesel production, it is critical to look for alter...
Article
Full-text available
Photovoltaic energy is increasingly becoming a widespread technology and a viable alternative to fossil fuels for satisfying energy demands while mitigating pollution and climate change. However, various issues significantly affect the power production of photovoltaic systems, including partial shading effects, mainly under the basic interconnectio...
Article
Full-text available
Global temperature will surpass the threshold of 1.5 • C in the next decade. The implementation and the development of modern technologies, such as Direct Air Capture (DAC) will play a key role in mitigating climate change. The article exhibits the most updated information to emphasise the importance of expanding its commercialisation and social ac...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the rapid implementation of renewable energy, electrification and increased efficiency, there’s no way to limit global warming to a few degrees within the necessary timeframe, without capturing a large amount of carbon. With a circular economy approach and deployment of CCUS, we can reframe our views about the carbon, not as a useless bypro...
Article
Full-text available
Fossil fuels are currently the most significant energy sources. They are expected to become less available and more expensive, leading to a great demand for energy conservation and alternative energy sources. As a sustainable and renewable energy source, Biomass has piqued interest in generating bioenergy and biofuels over recent years. The thermal...
Article
Full-text available
The forest industry is a significant emitter of CO 2 and thus it needs to transform toward a more sustainable operation in order to contribute to tackling climate change. This paper looks at the progress, tools, possibilities, and barriers of Finnish and Swedish forest industries in achieving deep decarbonization. Finland and Sweden have set ambiti...
Article
Full-text available
The grid power supply in many developing countries is insufficient and irregular resulting in many commercial users relying on inefficient and air pollution intensive off-grid captive diesel generators (DGs) as a backup power supply. This study investigates the fuel consumption and emission level of such DGs and explores the possibility of reducing...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the growing demand for renewable energy due to its environmental friendliness over fossil fuels, several countries continue to rely on fossil fuel consumption. This study examines the effects of renewable and non-renewable energy consumption on environmental sustainability. We employed the fixed-effects regression model with Driscoll–Kraay...
Article
Full-text available
The low-carbon energy transition requires a widespread change in global energy infrastructures which in turn calls for important inputs of energy and materials. While the transport and electricity sectors have been thoroughly analyzed in this regard, that of the hydrocarbon industry has not received the same attention, maybe in part due to the diff...
Article
Full-text available
One of the ways to minimize fossil fuel consumption is to optimize the feedwater heaters of the power plants. The newly-built power plants work optimally at their design conditions; however, by aging, they often deviate from those conditions. Therefore, new optimal conditions are required to be determined for them. In this study, invoking a Predict...
Article
Full-text available
Bangladesh electricity sector suffers from heavy subsidization of fossil fuels and regulated electricity prices. These interventions distort the fuel mix in electricity production, promote overconsumption of fossil fuels and slow down the low-carbon transition. As a signatory of the 2015 UNFCCC Paris Agreement, Bangladesh has pledged to reduce GHG...
Article
Full-text available
The total annual emission due to fossil fuel and agro waste stubble burning is 36.73 teragrams CO2 equivalent. Many international organizations focus on alternative energy sources such as biofuel production. In the recent past, biofuel production has gathered pace and increased dramatically, with the USA and Brazil topping the list for bioethanol p...
Article
Full-text available
Countering the growing carbon emissions of the global economy is one of the cornerstones of the modern concept of sustainable development. While developed countries have been actively and willingly engaged in this struggle over the past decades, the question of how countries with substantial reserves of primary energy resources should be involved i...
Article
Full-text available
The dumping of organic waste in the areas surrounding food supply centers and the excessive use of fossil fuels for energy generation have generated major pollution problems worldwide. One of the novel solutions is the use of organic waste for electricity generation through the use of microbial fuel cell technology. In this research, low-cost, labo...
Article
Full-text available
Electric vehicles (EVs) are broadly admired as an encouraging solution to decarbonize and relieve air pollution in metropolitan transportation. However, each powertrain gives different benefits depending on the actual usage context. This study investigates the energy consumption of various EVs compared to a conventional internal combustion engine (...
Article
Full-text available
The Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) in March 2011 greatly changed the spatial pattern of energy use in Fukushima Prefecture. The previously nuclear-reliant energy policy has transformed, with energy now generated mainly by fossil fuels and renewable sources. The spatio-temporal variation of fossil fuel use and the major causes of these changes h...
Article
Full-text available
Hybrid renewable energy (HRE) sources have become a popular alternative in isolated and rural locations; because of the increased prices of fossil fuels and their CO2 emissions. This paper investigates the application of recent optimization methods to dedicate the optimal configuration of HRE sources. These HRE sources comprise photovoltaic (PV) pa...
Article
Full-text available
Bioenergy is a renewable energy source that saves from fossil fuel dependence. Therefore, it is important to increase the efficiency of bioenergy investments to create an environmentally sustainable energy supply. This paper aims to identify economic indicators significant in forecasting the supply of bioenergy. Considering this goal, an integrated...
Article
Full-text available
Fossil fuel carbon dioxide (CO2ff), the main driver of global warming and climate change, is often co-emitted with nitrogen oxides (NOx) and precursors to ground-level ozone from anthropogenic sources like power plants or vehicles. In urban and suburban areas, satellite-based NO2 can be used as a proxy to track the emissions of CO2ff. Because of NO...
Article
Full-text available
China consumes a large amount of fossil fuels to support its economic development, making it the world's largest carbon emitter. To provide a solid basis for relevant policies and measures for energy conservation and emissions reduction, the evolution patterns of China's energy use in trade were detailed analyzed in this article. The results showed...
Research
Full-text available
Providing reliable, safe, and affordable energy to support human activities is a significant challenge now and in the future. With the growing global population and increase industrialization in developing nations, need for energy of humanity has reached record levels. Significant amount of energy comes from fossil fuels to drive our cars, fuel our...
Article
Full-text available
Pollution-induced environmental deterioration is one of the serious aspects that must be solved. As a result, biodiesel was made from a novel material (Parsley seed oil) through an alkali-induced transesterification reaction. The efficiency, as well as exhaust emission tests, were performed by running the prepared parsley biodiesel blends (mixture...
Article
Full-text available
The depletion of fossil fuels and the fact that fossil fuels pollute the environment accelerated the trend toward environmentally friendly energy alternatives such as biohydrogen. As one of the hydrogen production methods, biological hydrogen production processes are clean, sustainable, cost-effective and operation-easy processes that eliminate a s...
Article
Full-text available
Biofuels are promising alternatives to partially or fully replace oil and natural gas-based fuels in combustion engines due to less environmental impact than fossil fuels. The production of biofuels through alcoholic fermentation in chemical reactors has been an increasing interest to the industry. Several kinetic models have been examined to deter...
Article
Full-text available
The past three decades have witnessed the dramatic expansion of global biomass‐ and fossil fuel‐fired power plants, but the tremendously diverse power infrastructure shapes different spatial and temporal CO2 emission characteristics. Here, by combining Global Power plant Emissions Database (GPED v1.1) constructed in this study and the previously de...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Efficiency and decarbonization indicators updated to 2020 have been analyzed in relation to energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. The 2020 is the benchmark year to verify the EU's climate and energy targets established with the Climate and Energy Package. Moreover, in 2020 the Covid-19 emergency has heavily affected the European countrie...
Article
Full-text available
Lignocellulosic biomass-based fuel is a potential raw material that has worldwide energy demand. A lot of countries in the world are facing the problem of non-renewable fossil fuels because of overpopulation as well as an economic boom. To decrease the environmental pollution and toxic gases, the conversion of biomass into value-added material and...
Article
Full-text available
A tighter integration of modeling frameworks for climate and air quality is urgently needed to assess the impacts of clean air policies on future Arctic and global climate. We combined a new model emulator and comprehensive emissions scenarios for air pollutants and greenhouse gases to assess climate and human health co-benefits of emissions reduct...
Article
Full-text available
Energy is a critical element in human existence, and is essential to a society’s sustainable economic growth. Globally, fossil fuels have been the primary source of electrical generation. Technologies that can efficiently recover energy from waste with little to no environmental damage have been considered as alternatives for conventional fossil fu...
Article
Full-text available
The unique properties of natural gas (NG), including high availability and lower cost compared with other fossil fuels, make it attractive in internal combustion engine (ICE) application. NG is composed mainly of methane and has greater knock resistance than gasoline, enabling higher compression ratios (CR). In contrast with the distinctive advanta...
Article
Full-text available
One of the currently proposed solutions for finding alternatives to fossil fuels and combating environmental pollution concerns the development of advanced materials for clean and renewable energy applications. An ongoing focus is devoted to the design of semiconductor-oriented heterogeneous photoelectrocatalytic, photocatalytic and electrocatalyti...
Article
Full-text available
Nuclear energy is an important alternative energy source to non-renewable fossil fuels. Nevertheless, the nuclear contamination associated with nuclear activities and wastes is a formidable concern worldwide. Uranium is one of the most commonly used and discharged radionuclides, and hexavalent uranium [U(VI)] has significant mobility owing to its g...
Article
Full-text available
There are many problems due to the cement industry around the world besides the air pollution by greenhouse gas emissions. The problem arises when a dense quantity of CO 2 is emitted through the conversion of calcium carbonate lime (CaCO 3) into calcium oxide lime (CaO), the main ingredient in cement. This transformation is made in an oven-dry by b...
Article
Full-text available
One of the most promising approaches for converting waste plastics into oil is fast pyrolysis. This study reviews the current state of the art and recent progress made on the thermal conversion of plastic to oil technologies, and their uses as alternatives to fossil fuels. The fuel properties of waste plastic pyrolysis oil (WPPO) are close to the d...
Book
Full-text available
Description The obesity epidemic in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region began in the 1980s and accelerated from the 2000s. In the LAC region, obesity has become a public health issue in the region. The increase of this problem is related to the economic gains obtained from the process of liberalization and privatization, the increase o...
Article
Full-text available
The study examines the role of motivational factors required for the sustainable consumption of hybrid cars. The adoption of such cars significantly reduces the use of fossil fuel and hence, it is imperative to identify and understand which motivational factor is required to be promoted. Through convenience sampling technique a sample size of 309 h...
Article
Full-text available
Fossil fuel consumption raises the world's economy by causing severe ecological effects. Thus, contemplating an energy gadget with environmentally friendly behavior would be a desirable function. Furthermore, their advancement will aid in a dramatic increase in military resources and energy storage. Lithium-ion batteries paid more attention to offe...
Article
Full-text available
A worldwide shift towards environmentally friendly renewable fuels is required to mitigate the environmental impacts of fossil fuel use in the aviation industry. Sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), derived from renewable bio-based resources, has recently received considerable interest as a viable alternative to non-renewable fossil fuels. In addition,...