Science topic

Formal Social Control - Science topic

Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.
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What is the approach in your laboratories regarding matching the sex of the experimenter to the sex of the participant? The main controversy is because some methods require placement of the electrodes on quite intimate parts of the body, e.g., in impedance cardiography where the participants need to take off their shirts. This might be thrown upon by some participants. What are your experiences, lab practices, regulations, etc.
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I am not doing psychophysiologial research now, but I have some thoughts on the topic. If there is no risk of crossing someone's boundaries (an example of that may be mentioned by you placing electrodes on one's chest) and no logical grounds to believe that the experimenter's gender/sex may influence the results of the study, there is no need to be concerned about the researcher's sex. However, controversy mentioned by you may be actually important. For some people (especially women or religious people) this kind of contact can be extremely uncomfortable and violate their sense of security. This could somehow impact the results I guess, as well as prevent some potential participants from even taking part in the study (if they would be informed beforehand) or made them feel violated (if not). Thus I think, if the research requires the person to get undressed/be touched in more intimate parts of the body, matching the participant and researcher's sex would be a good practice.
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Existing laws, regulations, and related activities like recycling, carbon-free energy resouces for electricity, but the Earth's temperature keeps increasing up to +1.5°C by 2040.
How about "More Oxygen" from green fields on the roofs of buildings?
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Green roof was actually use for keeping home warm during winter and cool during summer at the same time in urban areas the green roof also absorbs smogs.
Since the green roof reduces the building temperature it will help in reducing energy consumption.
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We are interested to conduct research using the VR-Biopac system in human subjects in a medical school lab (non-hospital location). We intend to measure various parameters (RSP –measure abdominal or thoracic expansion and contraction while breathing, ECG –record electrical activity generated by the heart ECG, Photo Plethysmogram (PPG), Electrodermal Activity). Also, we can assess exercise testing (CPET/VO2peak), anaerobic-aerobic thresholds, resting metabolism, and substrate utilization using the COSMED device.
We need to know the standards, regulations, and legal frame to develop such a clinical project in a non-clinical location (university) in order to obtain the approval of the research ethical commission.
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Thank you so much, Boris!
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As we know that there is no regulations on private universities as well as institutions so they are just providing 1000s of admissions in the Computer Science branch in India.
Why the students are blindly opting CSE branch?
"Can we say that all other engineering branches are useless or outdated now".
and CSE is the only hope for engineering universities and colleges.
Kindly share your fair opinions.
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Dear Vivek,
Your observation is apt. Due to the popularity of CSE branch from utility and employability perspective, it is drawing better students vis-a-vis other branches. This trend is well known to recruiters, as well. This has resulted in positive feedback like scenario. However, this trend may weaken with the passage of time as CSE splits into more and more finer specialization.
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Could you, please, tell me where to look for a definitions of "waste material" and production "by-product material"?
I know the definitions formulated in Polish law, but I am interested in other countries regulations.
Maybe you have written an article about it, that I can refer to in my work?
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Dear Joanna,
You are welcome.
Regards
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What are the regulations for online computerized psychological assessments?
Online (free) assessments are nothing but an algorithm that makes the scoring and interpretation easier and accessible. It helps people take a decision whether they should go to a doctor for consultation, plan their therapy etc. However is that kind of online assessment allowed as per regulations?
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This is helpful.
Nagesh Rajopadhye
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INTRODUCTION
This assignment covers an interesting topic and most significant sector of the world which is our international relation, which is the main drive and what keeps many countries stable, especially the economic sector of many. The assignment will focus on the discussion of covid-19 impact on the International Relation as a whole. It will mainly touch on the main tools that drive and build international relation mostly on how they were impacted by this global pandemic which is covid-19. To be most specific the assignment will cover the global economy topic, trade, investment/business investment, foreign policy, closure of business, diplomacy etc. All of those stated above are a drive to international relation and the are some not mentioned but will be touched on and the focus will be on how they were impacted by this global pandemic. I will clarify in a small paragraph of what international relation before placing the focus on how it was impacted.
International relation is a world known and most practiced. It is a relationship between countries all over the world interacting to one another, in international relation countries help each other economically and other aspect as these countries are interconnected. According to the writer International is oneness and strongly reliant on one another. (Islam, s, 2022) state that International relation is a study that is concerned between nations and their relations towards one another.
Impact of covid-19 on International Relation
Global Economy
Global economy is a economy that is made up of different economic sector or activities practiced in the arena of global. According to (Statistic, 2020) it states that global economy is the sum of actives that take place both within and between different countries. Covid 19 has hugely affected the global economy causing a world economic disruption, as the was a massive decline (Gaba et al., 2022).. Covid-19 eased the pace of the global economy, as every activity that contributed to the global economy was stifle, slowed. Global economy was brought to its knees.
Covid-19 brought many restrictions and changes that slowly impacted the global economy until it is in this state of disaster. The restrictions imposed more especially by the World Health Organisation (WHO) were very harsh towards the economy side, referring to many companies, businesses closed due to covid -19 to protect people. Global economy is one of the most important and respected sector on the international relation but covid turned that into putting people first than the economy. Almost all activity occurring around the world contribute to global economy and all were affected by the harsh restrictions and led to many activities closing forever which meant no profit, no income and remember that what happens in a country also impact to what is going to happen in the global economy. The restrictions of covid-19 have serve affected or impacted the global economy as it has put everything to a stop or stand still. The coming information will deal more with all the activies that contribute to global economy which makes up International Relation and how covid-19 pandemic has impacted them. Many countries shifted from m.
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
International Trade plays an important role in International Relations (IR), as it is the drive or makes up IR. International trade is also another form of states interacting and sharing things to one another, as they exchange goods. The presence of Covid-19 has deeply affected trade relations amongst states that trade. States no longer trade as much as they use to trade before covid com. The virus has braked the relations of states interaction. Due to covid-19 pandemic the has been so many draconian regulations and restrictions. The has been a slow pace in trade and many countries lost revenue as importing countries have set limits of goods to countries that they are exporting from due to trade restrictions. The were so many trade bans during covid-19 and this caused handling cost for exporting countries. Trade restriction was also an impact on importing countries, reason being the are some states that lack all form of resources, which they only surviving on importing goods from other countries. This reduced the connectivity and interaction of countries breaking the relations that they have amongst each other. The trade restrictions such as trade bans and so on meant that the will be no strong trade relations or exchange of goods which International relations is about.
Majority people lost jobs due to covid-19 pandemic and lost their earnings, this led to a drop in aggregate demand of goods. The cause of covid led to people not to afford buying things in retail outlets and supermarkets and most feared that they will easily get infected if they physically go to retails. This affected most exporting countries because of less demands, for example China exports dropped during covid(Kline, Dale and Rose 2021) . This braked the supply chain among the countries trading to each other. Covid-19 impacted international relations as countries were slowly trading together and some stopped from trading for a bit, and the relations among countries was slowly fading away.
Organisation that dealt with covid built international relation barries which intrigued fear among states which is the reason the was a decline in countries importing goods from other countries, Reason being they feared the spread of the virus which trade was seen as hotspot this was the reason for trade bans and restriction. Countries could not work together as before, so the was less of exporting and importing of goods taking place around the world at that time, because covid caused all of this disrupting the relations among countries. Covid put a stop to countries working together and sharing of things such as trading.
Covid-19 pandemic hugely disrupted the international supply chain system, as the virus got hold of the system and prevailing the speed that I used to operate.
INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT
Investment is also the other sector that makes up international relations. As stated in the introduction that International relation is the all about interaction and interconnect Ness of countries or states which investment is also about connecting countries and bringing interaction among countries in the global sphere. Investment has been affected by the outbreak of covid-19 pandemic.
During covid-19 especially when it was declared as the national disaster, many business closed due to lockdown and harsh regulations, which led to a complete shutdown to many companies and businesses. The closing of companies and business led to a lost of revenue made by them. This led to foreign investors to disinvest in most countries that were deeply affected. Most investors saw that many companies and businesses that they invested in from foreign countries were not making money as usual, this draw them away from the countries that they invested in. This was all because of covid-19 pandemic that caused this havoc amongst countries that invested to one another. Many investors stopped investing in the countries that they invested as they were not making money at all and this cut ties between countries and intensifying the relationship of countries.
Everything was a failure and countries weren’t making money because covid pulled everything down leading to many businesses and companies to decline and chasing foreign investors away. Due to covid-19 countries stopped from investing on ach other as no country was making money at that time. This meant the was not going to be an exchange of foreign investment among countries which is not a representation if international relation because (ir) is all about in interaction of countries.
MULTINATIONAL Cooperation
International relations is also made up of Multinational cooperation’s (MNCs), as MNCs keep most states relations togethers and makes states or countries clinged to one another (Islam, 2022). Most countries have relations because of MNCs, such as VW, COCA COLA and so many which keep these countries together and create employment. When covid-19 hit the world the MNCs was impacted due to lockdowns many MNCs were closed. Most MNCs are the to help each other together with the host country that they are in, which creates a strong interaction between the host country and the MNCs which they are supposed to have, so that they can benefit from each other. MNCs and host countries do benefit from each other as they work hand in hand with each other to keep everything working efficiently. Some MNCs during covid-19 withdraw their cooperates from host countries as their cooperates were not making money due to covid-19 pandemic. Host countries suffered because the was lost of employment and the economy decline, this illustrates the relations of MNCs as they bring employment and improve the economy in host countries while host countries make profit or revenue to MNCs as everyone helps each other. The withdrawal of cooperates by MNCs from host countries, crushed the relations and the interconnect Ness of countries and cooperation’s. This unveils the impact that covid-19 pandemic caused in the international relation.
MNCs were not making money from host countries but losing and same as the host countries were not making any of the money or benefiting from the MNCs as they chose to cut ties by withdrawing from host countries because of covid impact and disruption. This meant that host countries will not receive Foreign direct investment. This created diversity among the international relation and broke the interconnect ness of states and cooperation’s.
FOREIGN POLICY
Foreign policy plays a major role in keeping international relations especially in states keeping and maintaining peace in the international arena ( Foreign policy,2020 ). Foreign policy is what keeps state or countries interact, exchange things, and share things as countries which strengthen the international relations. Foreign policy is the tool that keeps countries and states to have a real international relation as it makes things easy for countries to interact and work together. It is a peace of policy that holds states together. The main tool that keeps international relation to take place was also impacted by the virus called covid-19 pandemic.
Most countries or states started implementing foreign policies that suited the conditions of covid-19 but affecting the international relations at the same and created a huge gap for diversity among states. To make examples most countries implemented foreign policy that pushed the agenda of restricting trade especially importing if goods and setting a limit of goods being imported. Most countries imposed trade bans upon other countries this is because forced many to take up these measures. All of the mention above was to prevent the spread of covid-19 but at the same time the policies were slowly cutting ties with other countries which reduces the interaction and working together. Many of foreign policies were very harsh and dismantling the connective ness of states and countries.
Most foreign policies implemented during covid-19 pushed the agenda of self-interest as many countries foreign policies were about how can a country make revenue not how can we make money as an international community. Most foreign policies kept countries apart from each other such as the restrictions of borders (Lin, 2022). The banning of travel is also another policy that isolated countries from each other.
DIPLOMACY
Diplomacy is another tool that plays a huge role in keeping international relations and maintaining peace among the international arena. During covid-19 the were no face to face or physical meetings for diplomats to meet up and solve issues that are related to their countries and bring peace. This made it difficult for diplomats to exchange the thought, solutions and ideas. This threaten international relations among diplomats as it was not easy to keep countries relations pure due to no meetings being held. Such as the political tensions within alliances, were competing for the supply of medical equipment ( Giovanna,2020). This issue was not easily resolved as they were no physical meetings which made things easy.
CONCLUSION
International relation is the most active and important thing practiced in this century, but the presence of covid-19 easily faded the practice of it. Overall covid-19 impacted international relation as it put a stop and disrupted all the things that keep (IR) together such as the change in foreign policy due to covid and the trade restrictions. Which prevented countries from connecting and work together. The restrictions imposed in all the countries allowed the agenda of separating and impacting international relations. which this is also another reason for investors to pull out their investment in other countries because covid made things to be uncertain. Covid-19 made it hard for countries to maintain international relations together.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
1)Foreign Policy. 2022. Foreign Policy. [online] Available at: <https://foreignpolicy.com/> [Accessed 26 March 2022].
2) Kline, K., Dale, V. and Rose, E., 2021. Resilience Lessons From the Southeast United States Woody Pellet Supply Chain Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic†. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 4.
3) Gaba, U., Gaba, U., Jose, S., Collective, C., Islam, S., Khan, M., Suhrawardy, N., Corjescu, D., Dogra, B., Mazzarino, A., Forum, N., Gokhale, A., Philip, A., Avery, J., Hunziker, R., Kofas, J., Corseri, G., Sasi, K., Davies, N., Collective, C., Baroud, D., Kochegurov, D., Lotta, R., Petersen, K., Barman, S., Norton, M., Dogra, B., Rasingam, K., Thakor, H., Pandey, S., Forum, N., Alam, M., Puniyani, D., Kampmark, D., Sarma, E., Polya, D., Hunziker, R., Prashad, V., Jose, S., Collective, C. and Darapuri, S., 2022. Impact Of The Coronavirus Pandemic On The Global Economy| Countercurrents. [online] Countercurrents. Available at: <https://countercurrents.org/2021/02/impact-of-the-coronavirus-pandemic-on-the-global-economy/> [Accessed 20 March 2022].
7) Lin, R., Londono, J. and Ma, S., 2022. Global Real Economic Uncertainty and COVID-19. [online] Federalreserve.gov. Available at: <https://www.federalreserve.gov/econres/notes/feds-notes/global-real-economic-uncertainty-and-covid-19-20220218.htm> [Accessed 30 March 2022].
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There were many policies adopted by countries to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic. Covid appropriate behaviour like use of masks, social distancing and hand hygiene, lockdown, and containment, strengthening of health infrastructure, appropriate vaccination strategy, economic measures, and use of appropriate technology were key policies followed by countries at different levels in various phases of pandemic. Lockdown and strict restriction impacted economy of most of the countries with adversely affecting livelihood of poor , daily wage earners especially in developing countries. There is a need for strengthening surveillance systems especially in the field of zoonotic diseases, emerging and remerging diseases with strong international co-ordination . Focussing on an Ecosystem surveillance system and one health approach may help in creating an early warning system. Transparency, confidentiality, correct and timely reporting should be given due importance.
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Is there a need for regulations of private stablecoins such as Tether, USD Coin, Binance USD, or DAI?
The market capitalization of stablecoins issued has been growing rapidly in recent years. There are more than 130 billion USD in stablecoins in circulation worldwide. The potential uses of stablecoins go beyond cryptocurrency trading to include also global payment systems. Do we need regulations of the stablecoin market to address user protection and financial market stability, or is the market rather better off regulating itself? Can government regulation stop the rapid growth of the stablecoin market, or will it rather inevitably lead to a new ‘offshore financial system’ beyond the control of policymakers? What are the pros and cons of a recent plan by the US Federal Reserve to regulate stablecoins?
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EU plans to regulate the digital asset market
The European Parliament has approved a draft of the new regulation for the digital asset market. The EU wants to regulate all issuers and service providers in the crypto asset market.
However, 46 European crypto industry organisations in a letter sent on 13 April 2022 to 27 EU finance ministers (letter accessed by Reuters) express their concerns that the new regulation "will put every digital asset owner at risk" as it ultimately leads to public disclosure of transaction details and wallet addresses.
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What are to best websites (or other media) for keeping up-to-date with regulatory developments and standards? It would be useful to develop a list here, as a resource of the RG community.
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I would suggest making right use of research gate, academia and other associated sites would suffice
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I want to measure the impact of changing in laws and regulations on the market capitalization (value) of stock exchange and want to use dummy variables, what is the best model to do that. I mean do I have to measure the interaction and cumulative effect or the single effect of each change?
Thank you
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I suggest measuring the interaction and the cumulative effect because it will reflect a clearer picture.
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I am looking for DNA binding sites for transcrptional regulators in bacterial promoters.
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Thanks Luisa. I do not know if those are the kind of tools I am looking for, but it is quite interesting! I am going to check if they include any functionality I could use.
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The "Ease of doing" research is, of late, a hidden phenomenon. The researcher has to work for a firm or an NGO or Government sector, then naturally he/she is bound by the regulations of the funding agency.
Just like Freelance journalist, freelance researcher would be ideal but finance matters.But it is missing. Let's start the discussion
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Hello!
I would like to know are there any regulations or standards for eHMI? As there are many studies considering interaction between AVs and other road users, especially VRUs, I'm curious if there is a unified standard about the way of interaction.
Thanks for your useful insights in advance!
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你好,很高兴能与你讨论,希望能给你一些帮助。但由于我也是刚深入了解该领域的一些情况,所以了解的也不是很全面,只能就之前调研过的进行回答。
1.不多,去年开始我针对自动驾驶汽车和行人的交互进行了一些调研,多数研究来自欧美日。
2.就我所知,吉林大学、清华大学、湖南大学、同济大学等在这方面都有一些老师在做,算是比较新兴热门的课题。
3.企业方面仅了解到百度有发表过有关车外交互的报告。
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I am making a research on the above topic and would like to know what I should look out for. Topic- Is inconsistency in government policies and poor regulations affecting the aquaculture development in Nigeria?. 
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I don't know anything about Nigeria, but in India, it does.
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The aim of this question is to access/know data on initiatives for governmental regulations of Circular Economy worldwide. I am also interested in local initiatives for CE regulation, whether they exist. Assuming CE as feasible even with no stressing debate on its social aspects and on how do people will be "framed" in this context, I am looking for real governmental contributions towards CE as a public policy, project, action, way of economic transition.
Thank you.
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Circular economy as opposed to linear economy gives wider opportunities to ordinary people away from the heavy control of the government, state machinery and financing institutions. Organised people led social enterprises can counter top down economic models. The government can protect but not constrict creativity in people.
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I am currently looking for any FDI or foreign ownership regulations and policies in China as a result of joining WTO. Did they change much long after 2003 (when China joined WTO)? Have those regulations been relaxed in recent years? Or, where can I find related information?
Thank you!
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A high-level overview of FDI-related policies is often presented in UNCTAD's World Investment Reports.
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A custom stimulator device is being made for our project which we will use to deliver transcranial electrical stimulation on human brains. The company is well-known and has years of experience with medical deivces, but this particular device is quite new and therefore has no standards or certificates yet.
So my question is which laws or regulations in general are there for using such an untested device on humans for research? Would it be enough for us to have ethics committee approval and subjects' written consent?
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As long as you have no CE certification of the device it is needed to apply via the BFARM. There is a shortcut for a device without CE certificate if it can be classified as IIa according to ISO 13485. But it will still need a lot of documents, tests etc. Furthermore, with MDD it was possible to get all certificates and tests done for one physical device only which is then the only device used during the study. This costs several thousand euros depending on the test house.
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Hi,
I have data pertaining to Life Insurance Profitability and wanted to measure the same before 2010 and after 2010. Main objective was to prove that regulations passed on after 2010 had impacted profitability.
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@Ramesh If your data meet the assumptions of metric test then go for pairedt-test.
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(1) What are the regulations (already available) for Formaldehyde level in fish?
(2) What is final standard published in FSSAI?
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10% for fixation.
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Big Data, targeted advertising, medical diagnosis systems, etc. use methods of automatically generating decision trees by recursively searching for criteria that can be used to incrementally reduce uncertainty. These methods can span many dimensions without suffering from the "curse of dimensionality."
An application that I have yet to encounter is to use these methods to: a) analyze social problems and their causes; then b) use the resultant decision trees to write legislation that can adapt to many distinct situations - getting away from "one size fits all" overly simplified laws and regulations.; and c) in the execution of the law use the decision trees to decide on: 1) filing charges or not, 2) severity of the penalties, and 3) appropriate remedial follow up.
There are too many cases of overly simple laws that were intended to ensnare major criminal behavior being applied to citizens who are honest and law abiding, but who are subjected to onerous red tape or investigations simply because some element of their activities or appearances innocently triggers certain criteria that makes them subjects worthy of investigation or inquiry.
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I fully agree, it is one of the challenges from the training in the Law career
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Hello, I am wondering whether there is any legal regulation about the duration of the non-compete agreement between influencers and advertisers or not. It is well-known that It is not uncommon for an influencer to work with other companies. Some companies may offer the same or similar products or services. It is crucial for the parties to discuss the exclusivity. If the company requires the influencer to be exclusive, they may require a non-compete agreement. Definitely, this noncompetition should continue during the main agreement. Nonetheless, is there any legal regulation which can indicate that the duration of the noncompetition might be extended after the expiration of the main agreement?
Thanks in advance.
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The regulations on non competes can vary by jurisdiction. Check your jusrisdiction/state laws. Considering this is a newer field, i think getting professional advice is necessary.
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Looking for diverse views on this, particularly in the context of the 2008 financial crisis. Thank you for your responses in advance.
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Agreed.
Systemic risk refers to the risk of a breakdown of an entire system rather than simply the failure of individual parts. In a financial context, if denotes the risk of a cascading failure in the financial sector, caused by linkages within the financial system, resulting in a severe economic downturn.
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What are the differences and similarities between rules and regulations? Also, I need good references (articles/textbook) that illustrate the differences and similarities.
Thanks.
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The main difference between rule and regulation is that the rules is more flexible. while the regulations is more stringent. Regulations are rules accepted legally by the administration. Rules are part of the regulation, but regulations are part of the law.
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Hi everyone,
I am designing a wastewater treatment plant for a company which Our company only uses Category III raw materials from healthy slaughtered animals and is approved and certified accordingly in accordance with the applicable regulations.
Our company only uses Category III raw materials from healthy slaughtered animals and is approved and certified accordingly in accordance with the applicable regulations.
Our company only uses Category III raw materials from healthy slaughtered animals and is approved and certified accordingly in accordance with the applicable regulations.
Our company utilized exclusively raw materials of Category III of healthy slaughtered animals and is also approved and according to current regulations for certified accordingly.
Our company utilizes exclusively raw materials of healthy slaughtered animals and produces bone fat and animal protein from it. I would like to have two activated sludge basins, first aerobic for denitrification and then aerobic for nitrification. The cod content of waste water is 3600 mg/l. How can I find out the easily degradable content of COD which can be used as carbon content for denitrification?
How can I calculate the amount of required COD for denitrification?
I would appreciate it, if someone could help me.
Zahra Alipour
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At first, I would like to tell, that I am not sure that the performance of denitrification under aerobic conditions is a good idea.
The amount of COD you need depends upon nitrate concentration to be removed. It means according to nitrate concentration you have to calculate stoichiometrically COD needed.
Regards
Vit
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Do you think the majority of developing, underdeveloped, and even the developed countries lack in capturing the finer elements of behavioral data generated at various interactive and reactive outsets, especially at socio-economic and politico cause and effect factors? hence the formulation of policies and institutionalization thereof based regulations are incompetent/insufficient to address the socio-economic issues at microscopic inclusivity. This perhaps is the reason for all unrest (identified/unidentified) caused due to imbalanced projections of intrinsic finer facts. As a result, the global economy operates under potential.
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At least with regard to my country, Iraq, I think so strongly, because there are no governmental or non-governmental institutions or associations that undertake this task, in addition to the waste of health and scientific capabilities due to the remnants of the post-2003 war.
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Has anyone ever tried to deliver CO2 with a CGA 300 regulator? I know that a CGA 320 regulator is standard for CO2. The issue is that I currently do not have any free CGA 320 regulators. I also noticed that the threads for the CGA 300 and 320 are the same size, as shown here: https://www.concoa.com/cgachart.html . Moreover, the cylinder pressure of a 50-LB CO2 tank is ~860psi, which is well within the max pressure for the first stage of a CGA 300 regulator. The only difference I see is that inner thread of a CGA 300 is tapered, whereas the inner thread of a CGA 320 is flat. What is the worst that can happen? A catastrophic regulator failure and explosion, obviously. However, it would seem that is unlikely if the max pressure of the CGA 300 is less than the cylinder pressure and if the threads perfectly overlay. What do you think?
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Brian Karl Richards , I respect what you are saying. Here is the issue: In the lab space that I inherited, there were already two CGA 540 oxygen regulators connected to CGA 320 carbon dioxide tanks. We have observed no leaks or regulator failures in three months, and again these regulators were in use on these and similar cylinders for years before I arrived. I am a newbie on this, having always relied on house-supplied gas lines. I noted that my predecessor had used a shortcut, so I wondered if another shortcut were also possible.
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Frequency determines the number of complete displacements of a body from the initial point of rest within the unit of time 1 sec The amplitude of oscillation is the metric magnitude of a periodic motion of a body that oscillates around its initial equilibrium position. The amplitude of the oscillation and the frequency determine the magnitude of the acceleration. The acceleration of a body falling to the ground is 9.81m / sec = 1g To measure the acceleration of the ground reaching below the base of the structure we use (g) eg constructions can withstand 0.50 g for a short time The magnitude of the earthquake is measured by the acceleration that will eventually reach below the base and not by the magnitude of the Richter scale itself. The acceleration that reaches below the base depends on the magnitude of the earthquake, the focal depth, the distance of the structure from the center of the earthquake and the soil conditions between the earthquake and the structure. Duration is called the event time of the earthquake. Acceleration and duration determine the disaster rate. A structure can withstand high acceleration (1/2 g) for a short time or vice versa low acceleration for a long time. The strength of the construction depends on the magnitude of the acceleration, the duration of the earthquake as well as the seismic damping mechanisms available. Each body has a specific frequency that oscillates and it depends on its height. When the ground frequency coincides to be the same as the construction frequency we have the tuning. During the tuning all the energy of the earthquake is transferred on the construction and if the construction does not have seismic damping mechanisms then the oscillation amplitude gradually increases over time, so the construction receives increasing seismic loads until it is destroyed. In today's seismic design, the inelastic displacement of the structures is considered inevitable and they try to mitigate the damage by using various seismic damping mechanisms. In addition to the above, there are too many unbalanced factors that can cause disaster and in most modern seismic structures. The factors that determine the seismic behavior of structures are numerous, and in part probable. 1) The direction of the earthquake is unknown. 2) the exact content of the seismic excitation frequencies is unknown. 3) duration unknown 4) acceleration unknown Even the maximum possible accelerations given by seismologists, and determine the coefficient of seismic design have a probability of exceeding, greater than 10%. The correlation of quantities such as "inertial stresses - damping forces - elastic forces - dynamic construction characteristics - construction ground interaction - forced ground motion" is non-linear and determines the response of structures to the earthquake. According to modern regulations, the seismic design of buildings is based on the requirements of competent cross-sectional design and plasticity. The inevitable inelastic behavior under strong seismic excitation is directed at selected elements and failure mechanisms. Poor design of the sections around the nodes and the limited plasticity of the elements lead to major failures I mentioned all of the above to understand that when a static study is signed the earthquake can destroy you along with the building its people and its contents. Nothing is certain with an earthquake, and this is because when some of the above factors, such as resonance, long duration and high acceleration, coincide, then the inelastic displacement will not be difficult to pass at a breaking point. Conclusion. Today's seismic design is uninterrupted because it can not control deformation. Seismic damping by different mechanisms may help in the smooth absorption of seismic energy, but there is no guarantee that the structure will stand upright. The quality of constructions and their safety is also a function of the economic situation of the countries, among other factors. Understandably, poor countries cannot be compared to countries with strict modern anti-seismic regulations. Here we see that there is a great need to change the seismic design. We need an anti-seismic design that controls deformations regardless of whether we have coordination, long seismic duration and high acceleration, as well as being accessible in poor countries. I believe that the method I propose (pre-tensioning + anchoring to the ground of all sides of the walls with diaphragm function) will increase the response of the structures and reduce the construction costs, because if the construction is stronger than we need then we remove reinforcing steel and bases and drop the cost.
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Very interesting query but it is away from my field
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I am currently working on the development of VHF telemetry system for wildlife. I want to know about whether there are any frequency related or any other regulations for tracking the wildlife in India or I can simply design transmitter and receiver at ISM frequencies.
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off course wildlife tracking is under the control of rules and regulation. one can have proper permission to enter in wild life zone. for telemetry there are not direct rule but yes forest authority concern is must. for the sake of any danger, for lodging and boarding etc. also wild life warden have one book or manual record abut the flora and fauna of wildlife zone which is quite helpful for easy monitoring.
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Bitcoin and cryptocurrency has bloomed since 2009. Will it be accepted and regulated by the central bank to be used as trading mechanism in the near future? Albeit there has been minimal informal usage of Bitcoin in some trading.
Also, which country would be possibly become the first in regulating the use of cryptocurrency in daily transaction?
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Some commercial banks, including some investment banks, introduce their own cryptocurrencies for the purposes of settlements and transactions with certain financial institutions and corporations. at the moment, central banking is not interested in cryptocurrencies, but this may change in the future.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Dears
I trust this text finds you well and safe.
I am looking for an expert in system dynamics to assess the impact of regulations on innovation.
if so, please contact me for further details
thanks
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Here is his email
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Kindly share any available scientific publications related to this matter .
Many Thanks
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Wojciech Koziołek Thanks a lot.
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effect the sediment on discharge of upstream barrages and regulators of canals, reservoirs and rivers
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No idea but worth following
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changing the length of hydraulic jump with d/s and u/s water level. collection between drawdown and hydraulic jump in d/s of cross regulators during open gates
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Worth following
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In the light of my experience, it is being observed on all the working platforms, that I did not experience complaints (formally/informally) not coming from both sides, except maybe very few. None of the regulations or policies proven to be perfect in resolving and/or troubleshooting the issues to a recognizable percentage of satisfaction for both the parties, hence cause the impact on productivity negatively. It is probably due to the missing of some reasonable triggers yet to be incorporated in the strategies of human resource management. This issue seems to be addressed by a group of social scientists from different parts of the world utilizing their respective experiences and data support.
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Olivier Serrat you said verbatim ' Lastly, and of immediate relevance to this particular query, many hold that conflicts are not necessarily bad.' - with which I completely agree. But doesn'T it all come down to the individual and his/her thinking that is gleaned over the surface with respect to keeping such emotions as souveniers and carrying them on with them for the rest of their lives ot to just move on and handle everything maturely. Don't you think that the society we live in today, many are inebriated rather than being mature about such petty issues, making a big deal out of it? How would you think that this could have a solution or perhaps, an improvisation to organizational and individual development?
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Rules and regulations regarding this issue are highly welcomed if available.
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Thanks for your nice contribution.
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Cannabis micropropagation
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Thanks for answering. I still seek someone who has a protocol that is repeatable with cannabis, which is uniquely incalcitrant. The numbers of plantlets produced remains unsatisfactory for high frequency regeneration from callus, despite numerous combinations of plant growth regulators.
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improve the efficiency of business processes, the demands of compliance regulations and the desire to deliver new services
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The question is vague. But, from experience, organizations control the flow of information related to specific activities to specific set of people in the organization. For example, the information available to a bunch of corporate lawyers are not available to a set of engineers who are responsible for a specific aspect of the company. While compliance folks can get access to any information in an organization as they need to, other folks cannot get access to that same information as they are not required to get access to these information. Let's chat more if you want to know more; here's my email: yanlin7@gmail.com
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I want to study the knowledge-action gap of drivers at pedestrian crossings by looking at why they do the things they do despite the knowledge they have on pedestrian crossing regulations. I aim at using Observations and Interviews to conduct this study. Now to my problem:
1. Do I interview drivers I observe violating the regulations on their knowledge on these regulations?
or
2. Do I observe violators' actions and interview a different group of drivers on their knowledge of the regulations?
I hope I made sense here. Please help
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If you wish to obtain a big amount of data fast, you can develop an on-line questionnaire with the variables you are the most interested in for your study. If, as I believe, you aim at carrying out a more exhaustive analysis, I recommend performing personal interviews, or focus groups with the offenders.
Regards,
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Hi Community members:
I want to do a high-throughput screening to differentiate human iPSC into oligodendrocyte. So is there any human iPSC line fused with oligodendrocyte marker, like MYRF (myelin regulating factor), O4? I, of Couse, can make it by my own. However, it will take several months. I am wondering if there is any lines that are already available. Thank you!
Best,
Lin
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Lin Cheng Hi, in the paper below, the authors used OLIG2-EGFP reporter line:
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Dear all! When speaking with some farmers, I entered, that in some cases the application of growth regulators designed for reducing stem length and prevent lodging may have negative effect of wheat yield. However, I cannot find any scientific papers proving this. Could you provide any suggestion? Michał
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We didn't observe any negative effects using a PGR on winter wheat. For the most part, application of a PGR actually protected or even improved yield. Manuscript in preparation for submission next month
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Just see the VDO clip- Super cyclone broke all regulations of CORONA isolation
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The Indian city of Calcutta was devastated by a powerful cyclone that killed at least 84 people in India and Bangladesh. On Wednesday, cyclone Amfan hit coastal areas of India with ferocious wind and rain. The cyclone gradually weakens, moving North towards the state of Bhutan. Thousands of trees were uprooted, power lines were destroyed, and homes were completely destroyed. Most of Calcutta's roads are flooded, and 14 million people remain without electricity. Amfan is the first super cyclone to form in the Bay of Bengal since 1999. Restrictions imposed in the country due to the coronavirus pandemic hinder emergency response and assistance. Covid-19 and social distancing measures have made mass evacuations difficult, as temporary shelters cannot be used at full capacity. It is reported that at least 72 people were killed in India, and 12 people in Bangladesh. The chief Minister of West Bengal, mamata Banerjee, said that the destruction that the super cyclone brought to Calcutta, the state capital, was "a bigger disaster than Covid-19". Officials in Bangladesh fear that amfan will become The deadliest cyclone since cyclone Sidr, which killed about 3,500 people in 2007. As you know, most of them died as a result of the high tide of sea water. The weather Department of India predicts storm surges of water 3-5 meters high. The overall level of destruction in Bangladesh has yet to be assessed, but it is clear that the areas that were in the path of the Hurricane suffered the most. In the city of Khulna, North of Sundarbans, at least 83,000 homes were destroyed or damaged, the Dhaka Tribune reported.in the Bay of Bengal since 1999. Restrictions imposed in the country due to the coronavirus pandemic hinder emergency response and assistance. Covid-19 and social distancing measures have made mass evacuations difficult, as temporary shelters cannot be used at full capacity. It is reported that at least 72 people were killed in India, and 12 people in Bangladesh. The chief Minister of West Bengal, mamata Banerjee, said that the destruction that the super cyclone brought to Calcutta, the state capital, was "a bigger disaster than Covid-19". Officials in Bangladesh fear that amfan will become The deadliest cyclone since cyclone Sidr, which killed about 3,500 people in 2007. As you know, most of them died as a result of the high tide of sea water. The weather Department of India predicts storm surges of water 3-5 meters high. The overall level of destruction in Bangladesh has yet to be assessed, but it is clear that the areas that were in the path of the Hurricane suffered the most. In the city of Khulna, North of Sundarbans, at least 83,000 homes were destroyed or damaged, the Dhaka Tribune reported.
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As at when this article was written (7 May 2020), 3091 cases of COVID-19 have been reported with 303 recoveries and 18 related deaths in Ghana. Following the confirmation of the first two cases on 12 March 2020, and as confirmed cases continued to increase, the president, who chairs the COVID-19 taskforce team activated national response mechanisms and initiated public health measures aimed at achieving the following objectives: limiting and stopping the importation of the virus; containing the spread; providing adequate care for the sick; limiting the impact of the social and economic life; inspiring the expansion of our domestic capabilities and deepening our self-reliance. I share with you some of the response and public health measures, the current state of affairs and some considerations for the way forward with regards to COVID-19 in Ghana.
PUBLIC HEALTH MEASURES
The president started a series of formal national addresses dubbed “ADDRESS TO THE NATION” at specific weekly intervals after the first two cases were confirmed. Notwithstanding, in January 2020, measures were already in place at the international airport for travellers to undergo temperature screening, while social distancing and hand washing with soap and under running water campaigns had started even when the outbreak was remote to Ghana.
On 15 March 2020, the president informed about the closure of all public schools, including universities and a ban on social gatherings such as churches, sports events and political gatherings. Weddings and funerals were restricted to 25 people only. The campaigns for hand washing and social distancing were intensified in all media outlets, while local governments were instructed to disinfect marketplaces in the major cities. In a following address on 21 March, he informed about closure of the international airport and land ports of entry as the cases continued to rise. This was only the first of measures put in place as subsequently, travellers into Ghana were isolated and tested on mandatory basis.
On 27 March 2020, the president invoked the Imposition of Restriction Act, 2020 (ACT 1012) effective on Monday 30th March ,2020. This implied a two week mandatory lockdown, which was extend to three weeks, for persons in Greater Accra Metropolitan area, Greater Kumasi Metropolitan area, and their surrounding districts. These areas had then recorded the highest numbers of COVID-19 cases. These measures received lots of criticism by different local public health and economic experts. During the lockdown period, meals were made available to vulnerable groups  and the needy by the government, individuals and faith-based organisation. For the average Ghanaian, daily activities altered, and for the market women and small shop owners’ business came to a standstill.
I will pause, to briefly highlight the fact that COVID-19 has cast a shadow on other public health related conditions for the past four months, as the  current outbreak of cerebrospinal meningitis in the northern part of Ghana is neither receiving similar attention nor social awareness as the former. And same could be said for press and social media campaign for other conditions of public health importance such as mental health and non-communicable disease.
In continuation, the preparedness of the country has also involved response in the health care system. In addition to the “traditional” testing centres; The Noguchi Memorial Institute in Accra and the Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine, there are plans in place to acquire testing centres in all 16 regions of the country to facilitate the testing process. Until then, testing is still being carried out by transporting all samples to the aforementioned centres either by cars or by drones in areas where the services are available. Information with regards to ventilators are unclear although according to the Presidential Advisor on health, the country currently has over 400 ventilators, 50 of which were acquired following the outbreak. There has been an increase in the mass production of personal protective equipment locally for use by healthcare workers and mandatory use of nose masks by all citizens in public places. The government also encourages offices and business to enforce “no mask no entry” policy at their place of work.
CURRENT SITUATION
The ongoing pandemic and the restriction measures are having grave effects on the economy, education, health and the general development of Ghana. There is an expected slowdown in the country’s economic growth and already the people who work in the informal economic sector are feeling the impact as a result of the containment. Schools, some marketplaces, churches, many restaurants and other places of recreation, which provide social support services and livelihood support programmes are still closed. This situation leaves vulnerable groups disproportionately affected in the crisis. For students, attempts are being made to move lessons to online platforms. Weddings are being postponed and the morgues are overflowing with corpses as the average Ghanaian is unwilling to rush through funeral rites. There is also expected reversal in some milestones achieved in some of the health indices due to the pressure that will be put on the already deficient health system and public health infrastructure.
On the bright side, there has been relief of utility bills either completely or by 50% depending on the wattage consumed per month by a given household spanning from April to June. Provision has been made by some institutions to serve as isolation and treatment centres for persons who have been infected.  All health workers have been given three months tax exemption, while frontline health workers will receive additional fifty percent of their basic salary per month for April, May and June. The Noguchi Memorial Institute in Accra have managed to sequence the genome of the corona virus,  and scientists at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology and Incas Diagnostics have also developed a rapid diagnostic test kit which is being evaluated.
CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE WAY FORWARD
There is no one solution to mitigate the COVID-19 crisis, and in the quest to flatten the curve, Ghana needs to review her overall national response and public health policy to align with the local context. Several weeks of containment and three weeks of lockdown, and there is no sign of reduction in number of cases but rather significant increase. Evidence from Italy and China shows that at the peak of the outbreak, the number of patients who require ventilatory support out-numbered the available intensive care units (ICU). This should be a wake-up call for Ghana to invest and maximise all public health efforts as the country may not be able to fund additional ICUs from her limited health budget.
It will be essential now, as the pandemic is not widespread, for the government to deploy a community team, who can disseminate uniform information in households in order to ensure all and sundry are on the same page. The government should build strong relationship with the press and increase their social media presence to ensure that people understand the issue at hand, rather than issuing vertical directives, which may not consider the general wellbeing of the population, but rather a one-sided attempt to fight COVID-19. This could have calamitous repercussions. COVID-19 presents itself as a good crisis due to the current low community spread and low mortality rate in Ghana. It provides Ghana the opportunity to strengthen community awareness and community participation, not only to flatten the curve but to shine light on how stronger community education and involvement can improve community action towards improving all other issues of public health importance. Finally, COVID-19 has exposed a weakness in research, translation and the implementation of research knowledge of the Ghana public health infrastructure or a lack thereof.  There is the need for Ghana to invest and build a robust research capacity that can independently function and provide country specific measures and regulations for addressing and improving health care concerns.
  1. The pandemic has highlighted the fact that, strategies and public health measures are not one size fits all. It has become necessary therefore for all countries to identify what fits best in their own context and strengthen capacities based on derived local knowledge.
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Hay que tomar en cuenta la cultura de Ghana en su alimentación inmune natural , en los comportamientos referentes a valores, responsabilidad, obediencia, disciplina, respeto, cooperación en momentos de crisis, todos loa países emergentes han tenido problemas en políticas de salud pública. Además en el futuro debemos orientar a buen manejo de la cultura financiera ( el ahorro, seguros, para momentos de pandemias y otros tipo de crisis).
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Due to social Distancing and other no gathering activities, what type of activities (Majorly Negative activities) has been under control due to complete lockdown.
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Строго соблюдать рекомендации специалистов.
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There is an increasing use of energy drinks by young people that could be harmful for their health!
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Not really. Various manufacturers of energy drinks get around any "toxic doses" (usually 400mg and >) of caffeine by giving doses per "serving" (8 ox) or per 1 oz. Usually the standard dose is 200mg +/- 10%.
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I am looking for standard regulations related to dust exposures for countries:
- Kazakhstan
- Russia
- Indonesia
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Can anyone explain if the excess pore water pressure in unsaturated soil dissipate when the pore water pressure is is still negative? And
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I am looking to communicate with a personnel who deals with beginner-level review articles, and want to learn how to write good reviews and the rules and regulations to follow.
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I have recently started my PhD in mechanical engineering (focus on biomechanics) and my first task was to review the literature. A review paper was published as a result:
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I would like to inquire whether there are official regulations (FDA, EMA, ICH) for the quality attributes required for nanocarriers designed for biologics delivery.
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Thank you very much for your valuable response. This is really useful for me since I am working on QbD driven design of nanosystems for peptides delivery.
Kind regards,
Ruba
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Local seismic culture may replace documents and laws related to earthquake regulations?
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@ Amira Zatir. Of course, the local seismic culture should amend the documents and laws related to earthquake standards. It is one thing to live in a geographic place that is calm from seismic and it is another thing to live in a permanent oscillatory system. It is necessary to get used to such vibrations, which of course does not provide comfort.
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Majority of policies, rules and regulations are imposed for a whole economy without paying attentions to different residential sectors. As a result predicted growth may not be attainable. Even predicted growth is attained it is not sustainable.
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Dear Herr,
I have said whole economy. It is macro economy. I admit per capta GDP is a poor indicator. But development economy built upon this poor indicator. Whole economy is scattered into regions, societal cultures, and institutions.
Applying single policy to cover all the contexts does work. That is my main argument.
Upananda
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hello every body,
i need to analyse expression of a panel of proteins in normal endothelial cells, for the angiogenesis regulators using protein array kit.
the proteins are already designed by the manufacturer, and some are external or cytokines while others are internal regulators.
my question, do i have to use the supernatant after treatment and examine proteins containing?
or use cell lysate and check it for proteins?
thank you all,
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Hi Ibrahim,
What kit do you have? I was curious so I did a quick search myself and found mostly antibody-based kits. For both the R&D systems and the abcam kit you should be able to use both lysates and supernatants, although there is probably a difference in sensitivity depending on protein localization.
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I need to use some statements from EU regulations in my paper. I'm not sure if I should paraphrase them or bring the exact sentences in quotation marks since they are regulations?
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However sometimes it's better to quote the exact words, especially when talking about law. You can avoid any misunderstandings and be precise like the lawmaker wanted to ;)
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Dear everyone,
I am preparing a presentation. I am interested in your opinion around the application of AI in biomedical imaging. What are the major challenges? is that around the availability of data, or best-performing algorithms, or regulations such as FDA etc?
Thank you,
Zhaolin
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Hi, I have studied in small molecule which decrease phosphorylation of STAT3 in cancer cells.
I found that this small molecule decrease entirely the phosphorylation of STAT3 in 5 minutes.
But phosphorylation of STAT3 regulators such as JAK, Src didn't change in 5 minutes.
Do you know about any STAT3 regulators can work early in 5 minutes?
Thanks to read my question and I welcome any answers about it.
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Try with sulindac.
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Hello,
Which factors or pathways regulates ETV1 expression?
Many thanks !!
Ido
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Thank you very much!!
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I wish to connect a 500w 24V DC motor to solar panels, without using any battery. The rated current of motor is 27.6A.
I have two solar panels with 24V and 325 watt ratings.The 'maximum power current' and 'maximum power voltage' of the panels are in the range of 7.15 - 9.55 A and 27.05 - 30.15 V , respectively.
1. Will it work if I connect these two panels in parallel to develop 24 V with 20A current.
2. What kind of accessories/regulators/controllers will be required to be placed in between panel and motor.
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You should add at least a third panel, so that the parallel output exceeds the rated current of the motor. If you can measure the actual current, as you intend to load it, you might be able to get by with only two panels. Panel rating probably assumes full noonday sun. Running at less than full speed, overloaded, is probably safe for the panels, but not for the motor.
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Can it be purchased normally like the other solvents?
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But you should be skeptical about the use of DMF as it comes under CMR list.
Welcome.
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Retinoids act through regulating cell differentiation, cell proliferation and apoptosis.They have immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects. Though the mechanism of actions are similar, some retinoids like Acitretin, Isotretinoin, Bexarotene are not effective in CHE but Alitretinoin is effective. What is/ are the underlying causes of this difference in action?
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There are many reasons and explanations. In the first line it is on one side a question of the drug's pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetiks, and on the other side a matter of the individual organism response. Since the diagnosis of chronic hand eczema encompasses a number of different conditions, one can not expect the same therapeutic response, even if clinically the conditions are very similar. I am not sure that we really completely do know and understand the ethiopathogenesis of these diseases, and also the mode of action of retinoids. And that is the reason why pharmacotherapy is more a skill than a precise scientific procedure, although it should as much as possible always be the latter.
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Your project is very important and will definitely be used in future building regulations all over World
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6.4m (two storeys)
foundations are beam grid anchored to lab floor
regards
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Hi Johann,
I read you paper 'Absolute quantification of cohesin, CTCF
and their regulators in human cells' recently, and I am interesting in the iFRAP experiment in your paper. I notice that you chose 19 cells for each condition, and I want to know the method you treat this 19 cells. You bleach 19 cells at same time and record the recovery rate that only need 2 hours, or bleaching cell one by one that will take at least 38 hours?
Thank you.
Best wish!
Mo
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Mo Zhang Thanks for answering my questions.I have read the cohesin paper and in my opinion due to the enormous structural complexity of the system studied , the authors obtain only at best semiquantitative results because they have to use very rough theoretical tools ignoring many intricate effects present.(for instance crowding ,competing ligands, electrostatic interactionsetc in the treatment of the cohesin-chromatin binding equilibrium).Also what they call iFRAP is not a recovery curve but based on just 2 data per cell (just before and after photobleaching).If you want to learn about FRAP you should start with the case of 2Dimensions Ii.e. proteins in membranes) where both experimental procedures and theoretical/computational tools are much more mature and tested after several decades of work.
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As per Indian pollution regulators body all the distillery shall be awarded consent only if they are having ZLD scheme for treatment of waste water by the effect of regulation norms in india few of the paper industries also started operating on ZLD scheme. However for paper industry ZLD scheme is not compulsory.
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Bruno Peeters what i think is to to use convention treatment technologies with additional advantages and reuse of treated water in some other streams or for some other purpose like treated water to wetland than to irrigation use or for ground water recharge if water quality is up to the mark.
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Enso play an role in the regulating interannual variability in tropics. However to elucidate other signal besides Enso, we need to filter out the signal. Is there any other known method other than using linear regression method?
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To filter ENSO out you first need to define what you mean by ENSO as you well pointed out. Yes, ENSO has a broad spectrum but you will have to make an assumption as to what scales to include in ENSO to be able to separate it. An alternative to linear regression or spectral analysis is using principal components. In our past work we used a "cannonical ENSO" as the leading complex principal component (EOF) in the 0–8-yr band of sea surface temperature anomalies (Mestas and Enfield, 2001, Eastern equatorial Pacific SST Variability: ENSO and Non-ENSO components..., J. Climate, 14, 391-402).
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What are the laws and regulations regarding plant rights in comparison with animals and humans?
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Hello Nick
Thank you for your attention
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Diamond recovery requires a sophisticated system that has evolved greatly over the years and which benefits from today’s advanced technology. 
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Diar Lala,
X-ray luminescent separation enrichment process is the main diamond mining industry. The essence of method is to initiate the X-ray luminescence, detected luminescent sample by a photodetector and automatically separate it into concentrate. It is shown overview and analysis of work on the X-ray diamond equipment for the technical implementation of the method, promising equipment. The research in the area of luminescence of minerals, solid-state physics, optics and spectroscopy, enhance the economic efficiency of the diamond industry and, therefore, of paramount economic importance and require the continuation and development.
V. Mironov
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Should regulatory agency employees, upon retiring or leaving the company, join a company that they have been regulating earlier ?
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Conflict of interest is everywhere in science to various degrees. There is no pure science possible today.
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Stringent environmental regulations impose extreme limitations on S, N and particulate content in conventional fuels. With BS-VI regulations presently in action, refineries have to invest a lot in fuel treating to abide by it's permissible limits. If a new regulation comes into action in the next 2-3 years, it may not be economic for the refineries at all. What is the best alternative to this situation and how should it be implemented in a large scale?
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I would say gradual phasing out of 10-15 year old vehicles or retrofitting them with better control technologies. Developing regulations for developing, manufacturing, handling, and end user emissions of hybrid vehicles. Providing incentives for developing of such technologies, as well as necessary public awareness.
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Buffer regulates the pH of human blood. How does the buffer work in our body and what is chemical composition of buffer?
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Dear Sudip Saha,
As often a question like yours can be answered in a simple or more complex way.
The simple version is that the most important buffer for maintaining acid-base balance in the blood is the carbonic-acid-bicarbonate buffer. In other words the well-known equilibrium between CO2 and carbonic acid (H2CO3). It comes down to:
H+(aq) + HCO3-(aq) ↔ H2CO3 (aq) ↔ H2O (l) + CO2 (g)
Other buffers play a role too in regulating the pH of the blood. Think about buffer systems like the phosphate buffer that consists of phosphoric acid (H3PO4) in equilibrium with dihydrogen phosphate ion (H2PO4-) and H+. The phosphate buffer is believed to play a less prominent role in the blood, because H3PO4 and H2PO4- are found in low concentrations in the blood. Proteins play an important role in the body when it comes to buffer function, in the blood this is obviously Hemoglobin that also acts as a pH buffer in the blood. Hemoglobin protein can reversibly bind either H+ (to the protein) or O2 (to the Fe of the heme group).
For a more complex and obviously more complete description see for example:
Hope this answers your question.
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Hi. Does any body know of a country (preferable a develop one) that has never fortified food with iron?
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Hi ,
Check this UNICEF link .
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How PD1 promote apoptosis in antispcific T-cells in lymph node where as suppress apoptosis in regulatory T- cells? How a single protein regulates differently in different cell types?
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It's a combination of things, the microenvironment and the status of the cell that is receiving the signals.
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We just identified a mitochondrial protein that regulates fatty acid metabolism (FAM) in cancer cells. Does somebody have expertise in FAM? For example, which kit(s) or method(s) can be used to determine mitochondria-mediated FAM and the related pathways. Thanks
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For any, just wanted to have some clues about the possible regulations of FAO by ATPases. Thanks
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Goal: 1- Identifying the importance of applying digital economy in sports organization 2- Identifying factors of digital economy in sports organizations 3- Identifying laws and regulations needed for applying digital economy in sports organizations
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Good question. Sports like Cricket in India that are money spinners may be already digitized to a significant extent.
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What are the Challenges around organisational structure and staffing?
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I'm wondering whether your research is targeted towards traditional or new organizational forms and structures? You may well find differences and familiar categories like job security apply differentially in different industries, or are valued differently by different demographic groups, or are not applicable in the same way in network organizations. And what about organizations where the employment status of the employee has had to be determined by the courts (for example Uber)? How does organizational politics affect organizational structure (eg through territorial resistance and empire building, aggressive change management) or employee perception (eg conflict resolution, group dynamics, resource allocation). So what specific research interest do you have, in what kinds of organization?
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I am talking about the solutions whose preparation is described in General chapter 4, European pharmacopoeia, including Reagents, Standard solutions for limit tests, Buffer solutions and Volumetric solutions. Technically, the stability of every solution should be assessed to ensure the desired working capacity. However, we find it very difficult (even impossible for small labs like ours) to conduct the study on such a large number of solutions. I'm wondering if there are any regulations on this issue (on EP or on any other official document).
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The methods described in EP or USP are validated and the results are accepted if you follow the method as described. However, you need to verify/qualify the method in conjunction with your compound in your formulation (i.e., mini-validation) for precision, accuracy and specificity and justify if any of these you are omitting. Stability of the standards generally specified are in the methods, but if you want to extend the time you need to conduct additional studies. Some people want 1 week stability just in case they want to repeat an experiment and have limited amount of standards.
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Economic liberalism is a doctrine that states that the best way to achieve economic development and efficiency in the allocation of resources is through a free market without the intervention of the State (regulations, taxes, etc.). Basically, the underlying assumption is a certain rationality in the functioning of the market, and the question or debate that I propose goes in this line, if free markets work by common sense operators. Many thanks in advance for your answers.
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Hi, Pedro,
Consider reviewing the works of Abraham Briloff, especially his 1972 (and maybe also 1967-ish) works. Also see Simon (1955?) on "bounded rationality." Briloff calls into question rationality. Simon feels that it is there. As best that I can tell, we're fairly rational when we're not scared. When we're scared, we do what our peer group does. I have a paper on the "scared" response:
Reactions to the 2008 economic crisis and the theory of planned behavior. The paper that I am working on now shows people returning to more rationality than not. Hope that this helps.
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The referencies are needed more and the clearer regulations, what becomes to the Kyoto´s regulations and the new researches are welcome, because the Eu Forest strategy is quite old one, it becomes from bases at the period 2010-2020. That´s why I would like to underline more researches are needed! I have included the IP document, from the year 2013. It is usefull platform for the bigger project because 40% of Europe areas are Forests. This is most important knowledge for our researchers, because there is question one of the biggest business area with the industrial economical growth more than any calculated areas are together. Regards Mika Moilanen pd Researcher, Source: Forest information system /EU.
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This is an interesting information to work on - thank you for sharing!
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congratulations
what constitutes a legal basis for regulating food products containing nanomaterials in brief pls?
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Dear Grzegorz Suwala, Thank you so much for this summary.
Regards
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Any regulations in your college?
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Zero for the exam, but reputation for cheating spreads among faculty, a red flag for the rest of his student days.
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Every college has its special regulations about the annual holidays
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40 days
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Some instituions have different policies and regulations about it.
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Of course. The letter of appreciation gives a strong moral support to the employees to work hard and improve their performance. It even encourages all other employees to perform well especially when they all realize that letters of appreciation are taken into consideration for their job promotion.
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Are there any recent additions or modifications to the "ICMR-DBT GUIDELINES FOR EVALUATION OF PROBIOTICS IN FOOD" (2011). Are there any other regulatory guidelines governing the commercialisation of probiotics in India?
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Thanks